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# Join the Resistance

Procedure Data: Resistance of multimeter: .3 Material Radius Cross Length Average cm Sectional cm Resistance Area cm2 Ohms Brass .6 1.13 5 Less than .05 Ohms Bronze .6 1.13 5 Less than .05 Ohms Steel .6 1.13 5 Less than .05 Ohms Aluminum .6 1.13 5 Less than .05 Ohms Wood .95 2.84 11 Greater than 20M Ohms Plastic .7 1.54 28.3 Greater than 20M Ohms Webbing .15 .071 .3 3M Ohms between thumb and index finger Average Brightness Rating Resistivity .00113 .00113 .00113 .00113 5.2*10^6 1.1*10^6 7.1*10^7 5 5 5 5 0 0 0 Measure the cross sectional area and length of the materials used for this lab. Zero the multimeter Using the multimeter, measure the resistance of the materials. Calculate the average resistance for each material Using the PASCO circuit board, build a working circuit that uses both batteries and one light bulb, note the brightness and assign it a rating of five Build a working circuit that includes your materials Assign brightness values to your materials

## Analysis: Calculated Resistivity R=rho*length/area Rho=resistance*area/length Brass : .05*.00113m/.05

Bronze:.05*.00113/.05 Steel: .05*.00113/.05 Aluminum .05*.00113/.05 Wood: 20000000*.0284/.11 Plastic: 20000000*.0154/.28 Thumb Webbing: 3000000*.071/.3 Known Resistivity: Brass: 1.4*10^-7 Bronze: 2.25*10^-7 Steel: 1.6*10^-7 Aluminum: 2.82*10^-8 Wood: 10*10^16 Plastic: high grade plastic 10*10^18 Discuss any measurement difficulties encountered during this lab. The oxide coating on most of the metals affected the accuracy of the multimeter readings. In addition, the multimeter could not a small enough resistance for the metals and a large enough resistance for the wood and plastic. Which material had the highest resistivity and why? Both wood and plastic had a resistance above the maximum reading of the multimeter. This is becauseboth of them do not contain free electrons in its valence belt so they cant pass the charge through the material well. Research to determine the lowest and highest resistivity material currently known to man and discuss a practical use for it? Silver has the lowest resistivity and Teflon has the highest. Silver could be used to make power lines more efficient and Teflon is used for fabricating long life electrets, which are useful devices that are electrostatic analogues of magnets, among other things. Conclusion: The point of this lab was to test the resistivity of various materials. The metals had extremely low resistivity while wood, plastic and skin have very high resistivity. A more sensitive multimeter with a

wider range would be better if the lab was to be repeated. The invention of the light bulb and public electrical utilities would both have relied heavily on the concepts of this lab.