Politics in Modern Iran Stanford University Winter 2014 Abbas Milani amilani@stanford.edu Office hours: W.

12:30-2:00, Office Phone: (650)721-4052 Office: 210 Encina Hall West For special appointments, please contact, Ms. Pasang Sherpa psherpa@stanford.edu 6507240939 Modern Iran has been a smithy for a vast array of political movements, ideologies, and types of states. Movements including Nationalism, Constitutionalism, Marxism, Islamic Fundamentalism, Social Democracy, Islamic Liberalism, Authoritarian Modernization and even pseudo-totalitarianism have emerged over the last century. In forms of government, Oriental despotism, Authoritarianism, Islamic theocracy, and liberal democracy have been tried. All of these varieties, common in the West, have appeared in Iran in their “local” iteration, shaped by dictates of history and geography, the curse and purse of oil, proximity to the once powerful Soviet Union, and finally by the influence of Islamic culture, particularly Shiism. The goal of this seminar is to begin discovering the complexities of Iranian society and politics. Because in today’s Iran an important part of politics are played out in the cultural and aesthetic domain, students will be asked to read a brief novella describing the plight and accomplishments of Iranian cultural activists. The students are asked to write a research paper, on a subject of their choice, but within the broad parameters of modern Iranian politics and culture. They are encouraged to use primary archival sources. They should submit to me before the end of the second week a brief, no more than two-page long, description of their paper before commencing their work. Each student will present to the seminar the results of their research. Each presentation is to last no more than fifteen minutes, allowing time for questions and queries. The last five meetings will be given partially to these presentations. I will be passing out a sign-up sheet. Papers are not due when the presentation is made, but on the last day the class meets (March 13). The heaviest load of readings are assigned for the earlier part of the quarter, allowing you more time to concentrate on your research in the last three weeks. Grades will be a function of the quality of the paper, the presentation and the quality of each student’s participation in the life of the seminar. In other words, your presence is appreciated, your absence noticed, and how much of the readings you are doing is hard to miss and an important part of your grade. The Iranian Studies Program sponsors a number of events this quarter. Some of them are relevant to our discussions. They are in the evenings. There is always a sign up sheet and students who attend can write their name. Participation in these programs is voluntary but will be considered as extra work. • • • • Milani, Abbas, The Shah (Palgrave, 2011), ISBN 9780230340381 Said Amir Arjomand, After Khomeini (Oxford, 2009), ISBN: 9780195391794 Lloyd Ridgeon, Religion and Politics in Modern Iran (IB Tauris, 2005), ISBN:9781845110727 Manouchehr Irani, King of the Benighted, Tr By Abbas Milani (Mage PublisherI, ISBN, 0934211442

Aside from these required books, there is a large collection of documents, all composed of archival material from the American and British archives, showing their respective embassy’s assessment of the domestic scene in Iran. The 1979 revolution was a serious intelligence failure of American and British agencies and these documents offer some hint about how the failure took place. The documents, now donated to the

and elected institutions in the period. Iran’s. and oneparty-system. Sabeti. Shah. stages of revolution in Iran. sections on General Zahedi. the White Revolution and changes in the social fabric of society. Nasiri. 1-71) Third and fourth Week (January19. The Constitutional Revolution: 1905-1907. (Please read Eminent Persians. politics of oil. rise of Mossadeq and Iranian nationalism. There are some required readings from my book. new role of women in Iranian society. Iran’s “take-off” and the Shah’s eclectic paradigm of modernization.) Fifth Week (February5): Authoritarian Modernization: 1961-1979. 26): Reform politics in Iran: Khatami presidency. the curse and grace of oil: Impact of oil on internal politics of Iran. 354-430. After Khomeini. Sharif-Emami. and Religion and Politics. changing patters on power in the clerical structure. the structure of power in the new Islamic constitution. 19972004). Student Presentations Ninth Week (March 2): Reform politics and rise of Ahmadinejad.1-89. (Please read. Ajax or national Resurrection. Ali Asghar Hekmat. in Eminent Persians. role of women in changing the Islamic Republic. (Please read. rise of Islamic radicalism. 1917 revolution and its impact. Qashqai brothers. sections on Ayatollah Khomeini. Qarani. the question of modernity and its implications in Iran. Shah.” Hostage crisis. Recent trends and patterns. Religion and Politics. Theories about modern Iranian politics: From Asiatic despotism and “sultanism” to a “Client” state and “divine” rule. sections on Foroughi. 112): Introduction to Iran: A geopolitical and historical survey. and the role of Persian Diaspora: Recent trends and patterns.26): Authoritarian modernization: 1925-1961: Nature of state. Roozbeh. Iran’s Nuclear Question? Prospects for the future: Democracy. Iran’s guided democracy. political ideas of Ayatollah Khomeni. Letter to President Obama in Hoover’s Caravan) Student Presentations: . political parties. Vol.) Student Presentations Sixth Week (February 12): The roots of the revolution. and thus I decided to spare you the agony of carrying them around. Washington Quarterly. 1. Copies of the book are available at the Reserve Desk. The book is a heavy two-volume set. Amini. 219-354. origins of modern political ideas in Iran. Ayatollah Shariat Madari. (Please read. Kashani. First and second Week (January 5. Teymour Bakhtiyar. Alam. Progressive Circle. the Gilan Soviet Republic. A few of my shorter articles will be available on Course Work. SOFA and its aftermath. role of women in changing the Islamic Republic. politics of Nomadic tribes. four narratives of modernity. my articles on Coursework or my website on Pious Populism. 139-279: )student presentations Seventh and Eighth Week (February 19. Politics during the early years of the revolution: competing discourses on legitimacy and the consequences of their struggle. roots of revolution. (Please read. King of the Benighted (Entire book). The end of Reforms. US Policy and the future of democracy in Iran. Mossadeq and the Nationalization movement.Green Library. Rafsanjani and the “Chinese Path. civil society. war with Iraq. Qarani Affair. After Khomeini. Eminent Persians. 90216. Shah.” and “Caliban’s Curse”. Azerbaijan crisis.. the democratic interlude. impact of Russian culture and politics on Iran’s intellectual development. Shariati. 1-88. Origins of the Social Democratic and Communist movement and their role in modern politics. Iran’s Mandela?. Iranian army and Iranian politics. rise of Pro-Soviet communist movement. 89219. “Purposes Mistook. Shah. are organized in chronological order and students are expected to prepare for each seminar by reading the relevant documents. Rise of Reza Shah. the First World War and its impact on Iranian politics. Eminent Persians (Syracuse University Press).

Tenth Week (March 9): The failure of the Reform Movement? The Future of politics in Iran: (Several of my articles in New Republic and Washington Quarter will be made available on coursework.) Student Presentations. Papers are due .