VMware vCenter Server

Module 4

© 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved

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Course Introduction
Introduction to Virtualization Creating Virtual Machines VMware vCenter Server Configuring and Managing Virtual Networks Configuring and Managing vSphere Storage Virtual Machine Management

Data Protection Access and Authentication Control Resource Management and Monitoring High Availability and Fault Tolerance Host Scalability Patch Management Installing VMware vSphere Components

Vmware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage – Revision A

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© 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved

Importance
VMware® vCenter Server™ allows you to centrally manage multiple VMware vSphere® ESXi™ hosts and their virtual machines. Failure to properly install, configure, and manage vCenter Server could result in reduced administrative efficiency or possible ESXi host and virtual machine downtime.

Vmware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage – Revision A

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© 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved

Manage – Revision A 4-4 © 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved .Module Lessons Lesson 1: Lesson 2: vCenter Server Architecture Managing vCenter Server Inventory Vmware vSphere: Install. Configure.

Manage – Revision A 4-5 © 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved .Lesson 1: vCenter Server Architecture Vmware vSphere: Install. Configure.

 Discuss how ESXi hosts communicate with vCenter Server. you should be able to do the following:  Describe the architecture of vCenter Server. All rights reserved . Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-6 © 2012 VMware Inc.  Describe single sign-on components.Learner Objectives After this lesson. Vmware vSphere: Install.  Identify additional vCenter Server components and modules.

Manage – Revision A 4-7 © 2012 VMware Inc.000 powered-on virtual machines per vCenter Server instance VMware vSphere® VMware vSphere VMware vSphere  Vmware vSphere: Install. connected on a network: vCenter Server Manage  Up to 1.vCenter Server: Management Platform vCenter Server is a service that acts as a central administration point for ESXi hosts and their virtual machines. Configure. All rights reserved .000 hosts per vCenter Server instance Up to 10.

Manage – Revision A 4-8 © 2012 VMware Inc.vCenter Architecture * ESXi host ESXi host ESXi host * NIS also supported Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved . Configure.

Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-9 © 2012 VMware Inc.ESXi and vCenter Server Communication vCenter Server hostd ESXi host vpxa Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved .

Configure. All rights reserved .vCenter Server Components Active Directory/ NIS Services distributed services Additional Services: database server • Update Manager • Orchestrator user access VMware control vSphere® API core services ESXi management Vmware vSphere: Install. Manage – Revision A 4-10 © 2012 VMware Inc.

 The client component alters the interface by adding items related to the enhanced functionality. Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-11 © 2012 VMware Inc. Examples:  VMware vSphere® Update Manager™  VMware® vCenter® Site Recovery Manager™ Plug-In These modules include a server component and a client component:  The client component is a plug-in available for download and installation to the VMware vSphere® Client™ after the server component is installed in vCenter Server.Additional vCenter Server Modules Optional vCenter Server modules (plug-ins) provide additional features to vCenter Server. Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved .

To install a new plug-in. Web client Windows client Vmware vSphere: Install. Manage – Revision A 4-12 © 2012 VMware Inc. Configure.Default vCenter Server Plug-Ins vCenter Server is installed with a set of default plug-ins. use the Plug-in Manager in the vSphere Client. All rights reserved .

1 servers in vSphere environment. Manage – Revision A 4-13 © 2012 VMware Inc. User gets to see all vCenter instances. All rights reserved .    Trust between components Better Architecture Support of an open standard Vmware vSphere: Install. The vCenter 5 servers require one-time manual registration. Linked mode no longer required for unified views of vCenter.vCenter Single Sign On Mgmt App vCD VMware vCenter™ Directory Server (AD) Benefits of Single Sign On: Features of Single Sign On:   Faster operations and less complexity Support for multiple or non AD user repositories     Auto discovery of vCenter 5. Configure.

Single Sign-On Server vCenter vCO Inventory Service VMware vSphere® Web Client vSphere Solutions Authorization Authentication (Single Sign On) Auditing vSphere Platform Services Customer Identity Sources Active Directory Open LDAP NIS Local OS Users Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-14 © 2012 VMware Inc. Configure.

Manage – Revision A 4-15 © 2012 VMware Inc. Configure. All rights reserved .Single Sign On: Components Installed Security Token Service (STS) SSO Administrative Server SSO RSA SSPI service Lookup Service Vmware vSphere: Install.

Vmware vSphere: Install.4 and later  Active Directory versions 2003 and later  Local operating system users You can attach multiple identity sources from each type to a single sign-on server. such as Active Directory. vCenter Server 5. Manage – Revision A 4-16 © 2012 VMware Inc.1 supports the following types of user repositories as identity sources:  OpenLDAP versions 2. Configure.About Identity Sources An identity source is a collection of user and group data.  The user and group data is stored in a repository. LDAP. All rights reserved . or a database that is local to SSO or to an operating system.

Configure. All rights reserved .Adding Identity Sources 3 1 4 2 Vmware vSphere: Install. Manage – Revision A 4-17 © 2012 VMware Inc.

Inventory Object: Tagging Ability to create custom tags on inventory objects Associate an arbitrary set of objects of the same type using a tag:  Search for objects by that tag  Enable a business case where customers want to create arbitrary groups of VMS. All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-18 © 2012 VMware Inc. Configure. clusters. and datastores for ease of management Vmware vSphere: Install.

Configure. All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-19 © 2012 VMware Inc.  Discuss how ESXi hosts communicate with vCenter Server.  Identify additional vCenter Server components and modules.Review of Learner Objectives You should be able to do the following:  Describe the architecture of vCenter Server. Vmware vSphere: Install.  Describe single sign-on components.

Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-20 © 2012 VMware Inc.Lesson 2: Managing vCenter Server Inventory Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved .

 Add license keys to vCenter Server.  Navigate using the vSphere Client. Vmware vSphere: Install. you should be able to do the following:  Create and organize vCenter Server inventory objects. All rights reserved .Learner Objectives After this lesson.  View vCenter Server logs and events. Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-21 © 2012 VMware Inc.

All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-22 © 2012 VMware Inc.Datacenter Object vCenter Server Vmware vSphere: Install. Configure.

Configure. All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-23 © 2012 VMware Inc.Organizing Inventory Objects into Folders Vmware vSphere: Install.

Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-24 © 2012 VMware Inc.Navigating the vSphere Client Home page search box navigation bar Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved .

Manage – Revision A 4-25 © 2012 VMware Inc. All rights reserved .vCenter Server Views: Hosts and Clusters. and Templates VMS and Templates inventory view Hosts and Clusters inventory view Vmware vSphere: Install. VMs. Configure.

All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-26 © 2012 VMware Inc.vCenter Server Views: Datastores and Networks Datastores and datastore clusters inventory view Networking inventory view Vmware vSphere: Install. Configure.

All rights reserved . Manage – Revision A 4-27 © 2012 VMware Inc. Configure.Adding a Host to the vCenter Server Inventory To add an ESXi host to the vCenter Server inventory. use the Add Host wizard and specify:  Fully qualified domain name  User name and password  Lockdown mode setting Vmware vSphere: Install.

Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-28 © 2012 VMware Inc. Licensing consists of:  Product – License to use a vSphere software component or feature  License key – 25-character string that corresponds to a product  Asset – Machine on which a product is installed product license key assets Vmware vSphere: Install. All rights reserved .vCenter License Overview Licenses are managed and monitored from vCenter Server.

All rights reserved . Configure.vCenter Server Events event search details of selected event Vmware vSphere: Install. Manage – Revision A 4-29 © 2012 VMware Inc.

All rights reserved . Configure.vCenter Server System Logs log search Vmware vSphere: Install. Manage – Revision A 4-30 © 2012 VMware Inc.

2. you will perform basic vCenter Server inventory operations. Configure the VCVA for first use. All rights reserved . Install vSphere license keys. 4. Manage – Revision A 4-31 © 2012 VMware Inc.Lab 4 In this lab. 3. Configure. Add your ESXi host to the vCenter Server inventory. 1. Use the vSphere Web Client to log in to the vCenter Server Appliance. Create vCenter Server inventory folder objects. 7. Use the web console to configure the VMware vCenter Server Appliance to use Directory Services. Vmware vSphere: Install. Create a vCenter Server inventory datacenter object. 6. 5.

All rights reserved . Configure. Manage – Revision A 4-32 © 2012 VMware Inc.  View vCenter Server logs and events.  Add license keys to vCenter Server. Vmware vSphere: Install.Review of Learner Objectives You should be able to do the following:  Create and organize vCenter Server inventory objects.  Navigate using the vSphere Client.

All rights reserved . Configure.Key Points  The vCenter Server architecture consists of the following:  • • • • vCenter Server The vCenter Server database Active Directory Managed ESXi hosts Use the inventory views to organize inventory objects in a meaningful way. Manage – Revision A 4-33 © 2012 VMware Inc. Questions? Vmware vSphere: Install.