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Take Assessment - CCNAS Chapter 1 - CCNA Security: Implementing Network Security

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1 Which statement describes phone freaking?

A hacker uses password-cracking programs to gain access to a computer via a


dialup account.
A hacker gains unauthorized access to networks via wireless access points.
()A hacker mimics a tone using a whistle to make free long-distance calls on an
analog telephone network.
A hacker uses a program that automatically scans telephone numbers within a local
area, dialing each one in search of computers, bulletin board systems, and fax
machines.

2 Which two statements describe access attacks? (Choose two.)

Port redirection attacks use a network adapter card in promiscuous mode to


capture all network packets that are sent across a LAN.
()Password attacks can be implemented using brute-force attack methods, Trojan
Horses, or packet sniffers.
()Buffer overflow attacks write data beyond the allocated buffer memory to
overwrite valid data or exploit systems to execute malicious code.
Port scanning attacks scan a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect
listening services.
Trust exploitation attacks can use a laptop acting as a rogue access point to
capture and copy all network traffic in a public location on a wireless hotspot.

3 Which type of software typically uses a network adapter card in promiscuous mode
to capture all network packets that are sent across a LAN?

port scanner
ping sweeper
()packet sniffer
Internet information query

4 What are three goals of a port scan attack? (Choose three.)

disable used ports and services


()determine potential vulnerabilities
()identify active services
identify peripheral configurations
()identify operating systems
discover system passwords

5 What is a ping sweep?

()A ping sweep is a network scanning technique that indicates the live hosts in a
range of IP addresses.
A ping sweep is a software application that enables the capture of all network
packets sent across a LAN.
A ping sweep is a scanning technique that examines a range of TCP or UDP port
numbers on a host to detect listening services.
A ping sweep is a query and response protocol that identifies information about a
domain, including the addresses assigned to that domain.

6 Which two are characteristics of DoS attacks? (Choose two.)

They always precede access attacks.


()They attempt to compromise the availability of a network, host, or application.

They are difficult to conduct and are initiated only by very skilled attackers.
They are commonly launched with a tool called L0phtCrack.
()Examples include smurf attacks and ping of death attacks.

7 What occurs during a spoofing attack?

()One device falsifies data to gain access to privileged information.


Large amounts of network traffic are sent to a target device to make resources
unavailable to intended users.
Improperly formatted packets are forwarded to a target device to cause the target
system to crash.
A program writes data beyond the allocated memory to enable the execution of
malicious code.

8 Which technology is an example of a host-based intrusion prevention system?

MARS
NAC
()CSA
VPN

9 Which two statements are characteristics of a virus? (Choose two.)


()A virus typically requires end-user activation.
A virus has an enabling vulnerability, a propagation mechanism, and a payload.
A virus replicates itself by independently exploiting vulnerabilities in
networks.
A virus provides the attacker with sensitive data, such as passwords.
()A virus can be dormant and then activate at a specific time or date.

10 What occurs during the persist phase of a worm attack?

identification of vulnerable targets


()modification of system files and registry settings to ensure that the attack
code is running ()
transfer of exploit code through an attack vector
extension of the attack to vulnerable neighboring targets

11 An attacker is using a laptop as a rogue access point to capture all network


traffic from a targeted user. Which type of attack is this?

trust exploitation
buffer overflow
()man in the middle
port redirection

12 A disgruntled employee is using Wireshark to discover administrative Telnet


usernames and passwords. What type of network attack does this describe?

Denial of Service
port redirection
()reconnaissance
trust exploitation

13 Which phase of worm mitigation involves terminating the worm process, removing
modified files or system settings that the worm introduced, and patching the
vulnerability that the worm used to exploit the system?

containment
inoculation
quarantine
()treatment

14 Which phase of worm mitigation requires compartmentalization and segmentation


of the network to slow down or stop the worm and prevent currently infected hosts
from targeting and infecting other systems?

()containment phase
inoculation phase
quarantine phase
treatment phase

15 What are three types of access attacks? (Choose three.)

()buffer overflow
ping sweep
()port redirection
()trust exploitation
port scan
Internet information query

16 Which characteristic best describes the network security Compliance domain as


specified by the ISO/IEC?

the integration of security into applications


an inventory and classification scheme for information assets
the restriction of access rights to networks, systems, applications, functions,
and data
()the process of ensuring conformance with security information policies,
standards, and regulations

17 Which type of security threat can be described as software that attaches to


another program to execute a specific unwanted function?

()virus
worm
proxy Trojan horse
Denial of Service Trojan horse

18 How is a Smurf attack conducted?

by sending a large number of packets, overflowing the allocated buffer memory of


the target device
by sending an echo request in an IP packet larger than the maximum packet size of
65,535 bytes
()by sending a large number of ICMP requests to directed broadcast addresses from
a spoofed source address on the same network
by sending a large number of TCP SYN packets to a target device from a spoofed
source address

19 What is a characteristic of a Trojan Horse?


() A Trojan Horse can be carried in a virus or worm.
A proxy Trojan Horse opens port 21 on the target system.
An FTP Trojan Horse stops anti-virus programs or firewalls from functioning.
A Trojan Horse can be hard to detect because it closes when the application that
launched it closes.

20 What are the three major components of a worm attack? (Choose three.)

enabling vulnerability ()
infecting vulnerability
payload ()
penetration mechanism
probing mechanism
propagation mechanism ()

Implementing Network Security


Chapter 1: Modern Network Security Threats
1.1 Fundamental Principles of a Secure Network
1.2 Viruses, Worms, and Trojan Horses
1.2.1 Viruses
1.2.2 Worms ()
1.2.3 Trojan Horses()
1.2.4 Mitigating Viruses, Worms, and Trojan Horses ()
1.3 Attack Methodologies
1.3.1 Reconnaissance Attacks()
1.3.2 Access Attacks ()
1.3.3 Denial of Service Attacks
1.3.4 Mitigating Network Attacks
1.4 Chapter Summary
Chapter 2: Securing Network Devices
Chapter 3: Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting
Chapter 4: Implementing Firewall Technologies
Chapter 5: Implementing Intrusion Prevention
Chapter 6: Securing the Local Area Network
Chapter 7: Cryptographic Systems
Chapter 8: Implementing Virtual Private Networks
Chapter 9: Managing a Secure Network