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MECHATRONICS (2008 Pattern) (New)

T.E. (Common to Mech. & Mech. Sandwitch) (Semester – II) Examination, 2011

Time: 3 Hours

Max. Marks: 100

Instructions : 1) Answer three questions from Section I and three questions from Section II. 2) Answer to the each Section should be written in separate books. 3) Draw suitable neat diagrams, wherever necessary. 4) Black figures to the right indicate full marks. 5) Use of electronic pocket calculator is allowed. 6) Assume suitable data, if required. SECTION – I 1. a) Compare different types of temperature measurement sensors such as RTD, Thermocouple, and Thermister. b) Explain different dynamic characteristics of measurement system such as (i) Response time (ii) Rise time (iii) Settling time. c) What is meant by temperature compensation in strain gauges ? OR


4 4

a) What is meant by variable reluctance sensor ? And write down its applications.0005 V. c) Explain terms precision and accuracy with appropriate example. b) Write down the level measurement methods. When the bar is unloaded. b) Describe applications of using a proximity sensor working on principle of optical sensing. The steel bar has a cross-sectional area of 50 mm2. a) A strain gauge and bridge circuit are used to measure the tension force in a steel bar. 6 5 5 5 5 6 4 6 6 . the bridge is balanced so the output is 0. a) Explain basic principle and working of LVDT. b) Explain basic operation of rotary encoder ? And its applications in CNC machine. Calculate the output voltage ? OR 4. The bridge is supplied with 10 V. explain basic principles of level measurement. The strain gauge has a nominal resistance of 120 Ω and a GF of 2. and the bridge voltage goes to 0. Then force is applied to the bar.[3963] – 219 -2- *3963219* 2. (Youngs modulus of steel is 2. 3. c) A rotary potentiometer is used for angle measurement. Potentiometer is supplied with 10 V and is set at 82°. The range of this single-turn pot is 350°.V. Find the force on the bar. c) Explain capacitive and inductive principles used in position sensing.1×105 N/mm2).

*3963219* -3- [3963] – 219 5. a) Write a short note on SCADA system and its applications in industrial environment. 4 . 4 8 c) A circuit has a resistance R in series with a capacitance C. OR 6. the voltage across the capacitor. The differential equation relating the input V and output Vc. b) Carry out block diagram reduction of system shown in following figure.e. a) What is meant by Nyquist frequency and how it is used in sampling of analog signals. (i. is) : 6 V = RC dVc + Vc dt Determine the output of the system when there is a 3 V impulse input.

and (ii) Dead Time. 8 c) In case of DAC (Digital to Analog Conversion) what is the purpose of Sample Hold Circuit and explain its working with suitable figure. What is the overall transfer function of the system ? OR 8. SECTION – II 7. c) An open-loop system consists of three elements in series. a) Give at least three examples of a two-point control system and explain how it works. b) Differentiate between feedback and feed forward control systems. illustrate with appropriate example.[3963] – 219 -4- *3963219* b) Use block diagram reduction to simplify the block diagram below into a single block relating Y(s) to R(s). the elements having transfer functions of 5. 1/s and 1/(s+1) with feedback element transfer function 5. 4 6 6 6 4 6 . a) Explain terms (i) Process load. b) Develop a block diagram representation for following control system.

OR 6 6 4 . c) Write note on Proportional Integral and Derivative control Actions and its effect on error and response time.e. a) Assume that a motor driven arm was originally at 0° and then was directed to move to a new position at 30°. time Vs control signal). The gain of the system is KP = 2 N/deg. Describe how the controller responds to this situation (i. b) Explain term stability in case of open loop and closed loop systems. Determine the overall transfer function for a system (Figure (b)) which has a positive feedback loop with a transfer function 4 and a forward path transfer function of 2/(s+2). plot variation of time Vs position. 6 9.*3963219* -5- [3963] – 219 c) Determine the overall transfer function for a control system (Figure (a)) which has a negative feedback loop with a transfer function 4 and a forward path transfer function of 2/(s+2).

OR 12 6 . c) A plot of error versus time (for a control system) is shown in Figure. KP = 1 N/deg and KD = 2s. a) Explain how the three elements of the PID control system work together to create a practical control system.[3963] – 219 -6- *3963219* 10. Find the maximum positive and negative values of derivative output. a) Explain the operation of electromechanical relays. and applications in industries. b) Explain how derivative feedback makes a control system more responsive to rapid change and how it reduces overshoot. Make a sketch of the derivative output versus time. b) Design and write ladder logic for a simple traffic light controller for following sequence of operation as below. 6 6 4 11. Step 1 : Turn Green on for 35 seconds Step 2 : Turn Yellow 1 on for 5 seconds. Step 4 : Sequence repeats thereafter. Step 3 : Red 2 on for 40 seconds.

6 —————— B/I/11/5. it releases the part and moves back (empty) to receive the next part ? 3) When the gripper reaches Switch 3. it halts and waits for the next part to start the cycle all over again ? Draw the relay logic ladder diagram to control this operation. Explain the basic instructions used in a PLC program. 1) When a part moving along the lower conveyer belt activates Switch 1.*3963219* -7- [3963] – 219 12. a) A simple pick-and-place robot picks up parts from one conveyer belt and places them on another belt. as shown in Figure. a solenoidpowered gripper clamps on the part and carries it toward the upper conveyer belt ? 2) When the gripper reaches Switch 2.800 . 12 b) Write a short note on concept and purpose of a programmable Logic Controller (PLC).