12 WAYS TO SPOT A LIAR 1. A fake smile.

Real smiles crinkle the corners of the eyes and change the enti re face. Faked smiles involve the mouth only. 2. Unusual response time. When the lie is planned (and rehearsed), deceivers sta rt their answers more quickly than truth-tellers. If taken by surprise, however, the liar takes longer to respond ± as the process of inhibiting the truth and cre ating a lie takes extra time. 3. Verbal cues. When lying, a person's vocal tone will rise to a higher pitch. Oth er verbal cues include rambling, selective wording (in which one avoids answerin g the question exactly as asked), stammering, and the use of qualifiers (ªTo the b est of my knowledge.º ªI could be wrong . . . ª). It's also been noted that liars use fe wer contractions: ªI did not have sex with that woman . . .º rather than ªI didn't . . . º 4. Under or over production of saliva. Watch for sudden swallowing in gulps or t he increased need to drink water or moisten lips. 5. Pupil dilation. The larger pupil size that most people experience when tellin g a lie can be attributed to an increased amount of tension and concentration. 6. Change in blink rate. A person's blink rate slows down as she decides to lie an d stays low through the lie. Then it increases rapidly (sometimes up to eight ti mes normal rate) after the lie. 7. Foot movements. When lying, people will often display nervousness and anxiety through increased foot movements. 8. Face touching. When someone is about to lie he'll often unconsciously rub his n ose. Mouth covering is another common gesture of people who are being untruthful , as is covering the eyes. 9. Incongruence. When you see a mismatch Ð where gestures contradict words ± such as a side-to-side head shake while saying ªyesº or a person frowning and staring at th e ground while telling you she is happy, it's a sign of deceit or at least an inne r conflict between what that person is thinking and saying. 10. Changes in gestures. Often times, in the effort not to let their gestures ªgiv e awayº the lie, deceivers will hold their bodies unnaturally still. At other time s, especially after being asked a searching question, you may notice liars accel erate pacifying gestures Ð biting their lips, rubbing their hands together, fidget ing with jewelry, touching their hair. 11. Micro-expressions. Difficult to catch, but if you ever spot a fleeting expre ssion that contradicts a verbal statement, believe what you see and not what you hear. This is a whole new topic. Stay tuned next week. 12. The quick-check glance. This may follow a less-than-truthful response: Liars will immediately look down and away, then back at you again in a brief glimpse to see if you bought the falsehood. One final caveat: If a person really believes the lie, there is no way that can detect that falsehood. But, unless you are dealing with a pathological liar or a superb actor, I know you can become better at spotting those who try to deceive you!