Counter-rotating propellers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search Not to be confused with Contra-rotating propellers. This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2009)

Counter-rotating propellers

Opposite propeller blade section can be clearly seen on this Piper PA-44 Seminole

Counter-rotating propellers, also referred to as CRP,[1] found on twin- and multi-engine propeller-driven aircraft, spin in directions opposite one another. The propellers on both engines of most conventional twin-engined aircraft spin clockwise (as viewed from the pilot seat). Counter-rotating propellers generally spin clockwise on the left engine and counter-clockwise on the right. The advantage of such designs is that counter-rotating propellers balance the effects of torque and p-factor, eliminating the problem of the critical engine. In designing the Lockheed P-38 Lightning, the decision was made to reverse the counter-rotation such that the "tops" of the propeller arcs move outwards, away from each other. Tests on the initial XP-38 prototype demonstrated greater accuracy in gunnery with the unusual configuration. The counter-rotating powerplants of the German World War II Henschel Hs 129 ground attack aircraft, Heinkel He 177 heavy bomber and Messerschmitt Me 323 transport used the same rotational "sense" as the production P-38 did.

compared to a conventional installation.first aircraft with propellers in counter-rotating pairs on each wing . in order to reverse sense of rotation of one propeller.180 Avanti At least four engines. or maintenance and spare parts costs for the engines and propellers.Drawbacks of counter-rotating propellers come from the fact that. two or more on each wing :   Messerschmitt Me 323 Gigant transport Airbus A400M Atlas . one engine per wing :             de Havilland Hornet Lockheed P-38 Lightning Heinkel He 177 Greif (fourth prototype onwards) Henschel Hs 129 Piper PA-31 Navajo Piper PA-34 Seneca Piper PA-39 Twin Comanche C/R Piper PA-40 Arapaho Piper PA-44 Seminole Cessna T303 Crusader Beechcraft 76 Duchess Piaggio P. The following aircraft have counter-rotating propellers: Single engine. a gearbox needs to be used or the engine or engine installation must be different. as different spare parts need to be produced in lower numbers. chain driven propellers :  The Wright Flyer Twin-engine. This may increase weight (gearbox). Counter-rotating propellers should not be confused with contra-rotating propellers (propellers that share a common axis).