BACHELOR OF PUBLIC HEALTH (BPH) PROGRAM

BACKGROUND AND GOAL Revolution in modern information technology science has made the world a smaller place with all countries within easy reach. The western developed countries have massively capitalized on the new advances of science and technology and have improved the socio-economic and the quality of life of their people to great extent that is inconceivable in the developing countries. Access to quality education, health care service, quality food, shelter and social security with the provision of all the necessary services have, become the essential needs of the common people in the developed countries whereas these very essential needs have become the exclusive privileges of the wealthy and affluent class in most of the developing countries. Access to quality health education and services has more than any other factor, significantly improved the quality of life in the western world. The improvement in the quality of life has stemmed from a substantial public and private sectors investment on health education and services over a long period of time. t is universally recognized that until and unless a country can produce high quality and adequate human health manpower at various levels needed by the country, it is inconceivable to bring intended qualitative improvement in health sector. The production of high quality human resources in health sector at various levels must be based on country!s needs and the priority.
"epal faces a ma#or challenge in providing basic health care services let alone provide high quality health services to its population. $ne of the most limiting factors in meeting this challenge is the severe lac% of health wor%ers at various levels ranging from #unior, medium to higher levels. A large number of #unior and medium level public health wor%ers are needed to deliver the basic health services to the people at various levels &community, district, regional and national'. The present rate of production of public health wor%ers at various levels relative to the need of the country is so small that it may ta%e more than many decades to meet the present demand of the country. Realizing this dire need of health professionals in public health sector, ()* has encouraged private sector to invest in public health education to produce quality manpower to meet national needs. t is in this context that +urwanchal ,niversity has initiated bachelor programs in health sciences with the goal of contributing to the improvement of public health services of the country through the production of quality human resources in health sciences needed by the country. +urwanchal ,niversity is a multi faculty innovative university involved in the production of high quality human resources in various disciplines of sciences. Therefore, developing curriculum in bachelor of public health &-+(' is certainly an innovative step in producing qualified graduates in health sector. (is )a#esty!s *overnment of "epal, )inistry of (ealth has committed itself to raise the health status of the people of "epal pursing the strategy of +rimary (ealth .are &+(.' in order to realize the ob#ectives of health for all. All of the components of +rimary (ealth .are call for intersectoral coordination as well as active community participation and involvement. t is in this context that effective dissemination of relevant, technically sound, and feasible public health measures are necessary in order to increase individual and community capabilities for involvement and selfreliance in health sector and to promote healthy behavior with respect to disease prevention and control, environmental health, family health, nutrition, healthy life-styles and so on. Thus, it has become essential through understanding of all relevant branches of public health with special emphasis on the most appropriate public health measures, which are necessary for promoting individual and community involvement.

The country!s health situation and the indicators of health reveal that the production of public health professionals and graduates at various levels must be carefully planned and accelerated in view of the dire needs of such manpower to provide essential, preventive, curative, promotive and rehabilitative quality care services and ensure everybody!s access to health and realize Alma-Ata Declaratio of which "epal is a signatory. Therefore, +urwanchal ,niversity has envisaged contributing towards this noble goal of providing quality health services and improving people!s health through the production of public health professional graduates required by the country.

PURPO!E OF THE PROGRAMME The bachelor of public health program &-+(' aims to prepare professional public health specialists with the highest technical and managerial competence in district level health programs, including problem identification, planning, implementing, training, health education, and research. /uch specialists can serve in various types of positions at national, regional, zonal, district or local levels. They will be needed in various %inds of governmental or non-governmental health agencies, hospital, schools and institutions, other possible area of absorption may involve special responsibilities, e.g. wor%ing directly with local communities and individuals, wor%ing primarily with school teachers, administering health education services, and preparing health wor%ers in public health fields. n general, the graduates of -+( program should be able to carry out the responsibilities designed for the district public health officer, including a health inspector. OB"ECTI#E! OF THE PROGRAMME The ob#ective of bachelor of public health &-+(' program is to produce competent graduates with advanced %nowledge and practical s%ills necessary to deliver high quality health services needed for the country. /pecifically, the program entails the following ob#ectives0 • +rovide advanced %nowledge and practical s%ills in +rimary (ealth .are for graduates of certificate level programs in general medicine, nursing &staff nurse' and health sciences and for certificate graduates in science with biology. • 1evelop required s%ills in designing, analyzing and evaluating applied public health science research and management. • 2quip public health specialists with communication and group organization s%ills for promoting community participation in health and development activities ultimately leading to the individual and community self-reliance in health services and improvement in health status of people. • 2nable public health professionals to deal with existing realities in district public health management issues, concern and problems. • 3oster positives attitudes in health professionals and encourage them to provide more accessible and equitable +rimary (ealth .are services for disadvantaged groups and communities. • 1evelop the leadership capabilities of public health professionals in the management of +rimary (ealth .are and district level public health programs. • 2nhance vocational competence of public health professionals through advanced education in health strategies, health promotion and health programming.

COMPETENCIE! TO BE ACHIE#ED B$ PUBLIC HEALTH GRADUATE! t is envisaged that the professional public health specialists graduated from +urwanchal ,niversity should acquire %nowledge, s%ills and attitudes, which will enable them to carry out the following activities0 4. 5iew +rimary (ealth .are in its totality with respect to biological, environmental, socioeconomic and cultural factors, and 6. -e able to identify and implement promotional, preventive and curative components of public health programs. 7. 1etermine existing community health problems by use of epidemiological investigation and prioritize the problems. 8. Apply problem-solving and community participation approach in planning, managing and evaluating programs designed to deal with priority public health problems in appropriate ways to achieve optimum impact from public health programs. 9. 1emonstrate attitudes, which reflect acceptance of, and respect for the important roles of colleagues, sub-ordinate staff and community members. /uch attitudes is expected to enable them to0 • +rovide direction for smooth functioning of a public health team. • Train, supervise and support existing public health staff. • Arrange for intersectoral co-ordination and cooperation • Raise awareness among community citizens concerning the existing public health problems. • $rganize health actions, which will address these problems especially bearing in mind the needs of disadvantaged groups and communities.
n view of the above considerations, it is quite evident that a tremendous responsibility has to be borne by a professional public health specialist in order to provide leadership to the community, to middle level and grass roots health wor%ers in order to bring about health for all.

DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME The course has been designed for three academic years concentrating in general public health courses. There will be concurrent and residential fieldwor% during the second and third academic years. ADMI!!ION CRITERIA To fulfill the entry-level requirement for admission to this course, the candidates should have proficiency certificate in general medicine, or any other certificate level course of the nstitute of medicine, or any other recognized certificate level course in health sciences, or intermediate science certificate or ten plus two with biology with second division in aggregate in certificate final examination and a pass in the entrance examination conducted by +urwanchal ,niversity. There will be one paper carrying one hundred and fifty mar%s each consisting of general and health sciences and 2nglish respectively. The questions will be of multiple choices. The duration of examination will be of three hours. The candidates must secure at least 9: ; mar% to pass the entrance examination. The candidates will be selected from the merit list in descending order

campus or institute.ommunity 1iagnosis and Report @riting . The concerned teacher will facilitate and motivate the students for participatory learning through group discussion and interaction.=: percent Theory -)* +ercent nternal Assessment .ampusA nstitute -49 +ercent • 2valuation of @ritten Report &1istrict +rofile' -6: +ercent • ndividual Report on )icro-(ealth +ro#ect -6: +ercent . processing.. E#ALUATION There will be final examination at the end of each consecutive year.)• . interpretation and presentation of the %nowledge acquired.ampusA nstitute -:9+ercent . percent 3ield @or% and +resentation .omprehensive 3ield +ractice &7rd Bear' . The use of modern information technology will be emphasized and students will be directed and encouraged to develop their analytical capacity for the acquisition.).ommunity -9 percent )icro health +ro#ect +lanning .ampusA nstitute /upervisor -6: +ercent • 1istrict /eminar -4: +ercent • +resentation of 3iled @or% at . The choice of the methods largely depends on the nature of the sub#ect matter and the situation nevertheless the following methods will be emphasized and adopted0 • <ectures using overhead pro#ector.:9 +ercent +resentation by /tudent at . • *roups discussion and interaction • Reading assignment • 3ield study. TEACHING AND LEARNING !ETTING A participatory teaching and learning environment is created.ommunity 1iagnosis &6nd year' • • • • • • • • • • nternal Assessment ?6: percent 3inal 2xamination . analysis and group presentation • 1irected study and seminar.TEACHING AND LEANING METHOD! A number of effective and participatory teaching and learning methods will be employed to facilitate innovative learning &acquisition of %nowledge and the s%ills'.+ercent +re-field wor% -:9 percent ndividual /%ill &Team +articipation' -4: +ercent +resentation by /tudents at . which will carry =: percent mar%s. Three internal assessment examinations consisting of 6: percent mar%s in aggregate will be ta%en throughout the course-class schedule before appearing in the final examination by the respective college. The qualifying mar%s for theory classes will be 9: percent and for fieldwor% and practical >: percent. multi media and white boards.ommunity 1iagnosis 3ield Report &@ritten' -49 +ercent • $ral 2xamination -49 +ercent • 2valuation by <ocal 3iled /upervisor -:9 +ercent • 2valuation by . Co%r&e E'al%atio !c(eme Theory +apers .

Reproductive (ealth and )ental (ealth .le /0 Co%r&e O%tli e o1 Bac(elor o1 P%.are and .ommunity health 1iagnosis Total Credit Hours 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: .omprehensive 3ield +ractice . Ta.lic Healt( (T(ir7 2ear) Course Code BPH-)-/ BPH-)-* BPH-)-) BPH-)-3 BPH-)-4 BPH-)-5 BPH-)-6 Course Title +ublic (ealth Research Applied 2nvironmental $ccupational (ealth and /afety (uman Resource 1evelopment (ealth. Credit Hours 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: Full Marks 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: Pass Marks 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: >: (ealth /ervices )anagement in "epal Applied (ealth 2ducation and $ral (ealth Applied 3amily (ealth.3Full Marks 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 6-Pass Marks 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: )-- Ta.• $ral 1efense of @ritten Report and 3iled @or% -4: +ercent COUR!E OUTLINE The bachelor in public health science &-+(' consists of seven papers carrying a total of C:: mar%s each year and a total of twenty-one papers with 64:: mar%s in three years duration.le )0 Co%r&e O%tli e o1 Bac(elor o1 P%.le *0 Co%r&e O%tli e o1 Bac(elor o1 P%.lic Healt( (Fir&t 2ear) Course Code BPH-/-/ BPH-/-* BPH-/-) BPH-/-3 BPH-/-4 BPH-/-5 BPH-/-6 Course Title Applied /ciences and 3irst Aid -io-/tatistics and . +rimary (ealth .omputer Application 3undamentals of 2pidemiology +ublic (ealth <aboratory /cience +ublic (ealth <aboratory /cience ? +ublic (ealth.3Full Marks 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 4:: 6-Pass Marks 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: 9: >: )5- Ta. Reproductive (ealth and 1emography .ommunity (ealth 1evelopment 3ood and "utrition Total Credit Hours 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: 46: .lic Healt( (!eco 7 2ear) Course Code BPH-*-/ BPH-*-* BPH-*-) BPH-*-3 BPH-*-4 BPH-*-5 BPH-*-6 Course Title Applied /ociology and Anthropology 2nvironment and (ealth Applied 2pidemiology +ublic (ealth Administration D (ealth 2conomics ntroductory (ealth 2ducation and /chool (ealth 3amily (ealth. which is shown below.

3- 6-- )5- FIRST YEAR COURSES OF BACHELOR IN PUBLIC HEALTH .Total .

• 1escribe structures and the function of the cells. • dentify the various adverse effects of commonly used drugs and enumerate the name of the certain emergency drugs. +osterior. changes and abnormalities. Ne%ro&e &or2 !2&tem * ) . relation to health and diseases and actions. 3lexion. Abduction. +almar. Adduction. +athology. The course also aims to impart the basic concept and %nowledge on pharmacy and pharmacology and the mode of actions and effects of drugs on human health and the use and management of the first aid treatments. Or9a !2&tem& i. • "ame of different types of #oints and their characteristic. ii. organs and the systems of the body.COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED !CIENCE! AND FIR!T AID COUR!E CODE0 BPH-/-/ F%ll Mar80 /-Cre7it Ho%r&0 /*Pa&& Mar8&0 4- Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course has been designed to impart basic concept and %nowledge on Anatomy. *. M%&c%lo !8eletal • "ame and identification of appendicular and axial s%eleton. tissue. /uperior. +roximal. +harmacy and +harmacology in relation to structures and function of different systems and organs. 1istal. basic pathological changes in the cells. their procedure of administration and their mode of actions. /agital. Lear i 9 O. tissue and organ.oronal. 2xtension. Ge eral I tro7%ctio 3 • 1efine various important anatomical terminologies Anterior. pathological. &. • 2xplain different life threatening casualty condition and apply first aid s%ills to save life and promote health and recovery of the patient. organ systems and types and their relation to each other and to the physiological homeostasis. students will be able to0 • 2xplain the structures and functions of different systems of human body. +hysiology. • 1escribe the basic clinical system related pathological terminologies. nferior. tissues.pon the successful completion of the course. reactions and the side effects of important drugs.:ecti'e& . • 1escribe pharmacy and pharmacological related terminologies and the actions. 1orsal and 5entral' • dentify the structure of human cell. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/0 ANATOM$ *3 /.

!2&tem • "ame different parts of *astro ntestinal Tract • )ention name. • )ention different parts of urinary bladder. ) i'. identify and mention the extent of Axillary artery. 'ii. L2m+(atic !2&tem / • )ention area of drainage of thoracic ducts.. • "ame the extent and branches of abdominal aorta. • "ame the cranial nerves and their area of supply. i<. G. poplitial artery.I. iii. Uri ar2 !2&tem • "ame different parts • 2xplain parts of %idney in coronal section • )ention different parts of nephron. 1ural 5enus sinsues '. Car7io'a&c%lar !2&tem ) • "ame and identify parts. Re&+irator2 !2&tem • "ame different parts of respiratory system. nferior 5enacava & 5. axillary group of lymph nodes. • )ention basic concept of peritoneal folds. • "ame. ulner artery. • dentify different parts of the brain and coverings • )ention extent and covering of spinal cord. -rachial artery. situation and extent of male and female genital organs. • "ame and identify /uperior 5enacava &/5. trachea and bronchus • dentify different parts of lungs and pleura • )ention different parts of bronchial tree. Anterior and posterior tibial arteries. nguinal group of lymph nodes +re and +ara-aortic lymph nodes 'i. 'iii. • dentify +aranasal air sinuses • 2xtent of larynx. chambers and valves of heart. secretions and their functions / * ) * . 1orsalispedis.'. position of salivary glands and pancreas • )ention position lobes and structure of liver • "ame and extent hepatic billary appendages. E 7ocri e !2&tem • 2numerate different endocrine glands • )ention their +osition.• )ention different components of nervous system. Radial artery. • "ame main tracts of spinal cord. 3emoral artery. Re+ro7%cti'e !2&tem • "ame different parts.'. external carotid artery and internal iliac artery.

1isphnoea. +"1 and orthopnoea. and arteriosclerosis. paranasal sinuses. bronchus and alveoli of the lungs. salivary glands.o-ordination of movement • . an%le. defecation and vomiting. absorption. tonsils.e. wrist etc. hip. i'. • +eristalsis and regurgitation. Ge eral P(2&iolo92 ) • "ame different components of animals! cell and their function.$+1. Re&+irator2 !2&tem ) • 3unction of the nose. • . • /urfactants of lungs • *asses exchanges in the lungs • <ungs volume and change in volume in different respiratory activities. iii. • 1efine blood pressure and explain the mechanism of its regulation. ii. cardiac cycle and heart sound. *. %nee. M%&c%lo !8eletal • )uscles contraction and excitation • )ovement of different #oints i. trachea. Car7io'a&c%lar !2&tem a 7 Bloo7 3 • <ist the function of heart • 2xplain pulmonary and systemic circulation. ingestion and hunger. liver etc. classify them and mention their composition. buccal glands.UNIT-*0 PH$!IOLOG$ *3 /. • Activation of different enzyme system on smell. • <ist different tissue of body and their characteristics • 1efine body fluids and electrolyte balance.ellular respiration ) . H%ma !2&tem i. nasopharynx. • 3unction of different glands involved in digestion i. • . • . 1isphnoea. • )echanism of coughing.orrelate physiological aspects of the schemic heart disease. • 1efine haemopoiesis and disorders of blood components • 1efine blood groups and mention its importance • <ist the clothing factors and explain the steps of coagulation • <ist the function of spleen. pancreas. hypertension. shoulder. • )ention composition and functions of blood. digestion. GI !2&tem ) • )echanism of mastication. deglutition. elbow.e. gastric glands.

holenergic drug0 classification. • <ist the main function of male and female genital organs • 2xplain the physiology of menstruation. inflammation. I tro7%ctio ) • 1efine basic terminologies • 2xplain the general concepts of "ecrosis. Ner'o%& !2&tem • <ist the function of different parts of brain and spinal cord and its coverings • )ention the function of different cranial nerves. Uri ar2 !2&tem • <ist the function of different parts of %idney and urinary tract. "eoplasia. fate of drugs. • 2xplain the mechanism of formation of urine and micturation • . shoc%. encephalitis and epilepsy 'i. I tro7%ctio • • +rinciples of pharmaco-%inetics and pharmaco dynamics *eneral concepts of anti-microbial therapy.• . $edema. Antigen and Antibody Reaction .orrelate the physiological aspects of polyuria and the renal stones. • )ention the function of special senses • 2numerate the function of sympathetic and para. mechanism of action. side effects.ellular contraction '. fate of drugs. mechanism of action. side effects.orrelate the physiological aspect of *oitre and 1iabetes mellitus. ndications and contraindication ). • 2xplain the physiological basis of contraceptives. Thrombosis.sympathetic "ervous /ystem • . wound healing. *3 3 *. ) * ) UNIT-) PHARMACOLOG$ AND PHARMAC$ /. Im+orta ce o1 7ate o1 ma %1act%re> e<+ir2 a 7 7r%9 &tora9e 3. • 2xplain basic concepts of spermatogenesis.orrelate physiological aspect of meningitis. Im+orta ce o1 'acci atio a 7 col7 c(ai met(o7& ) ) UNIT-30 PATHO-PH$!IOLOG$ *3 /. ovulation and pregnancy. ndications and contraindication • . 2mbolism. E 7ocri e=Re+ro7%cti'e !2&tem • 2numerate the main function of different endocrine glands • . 'ii. Im+orta t 7r%9& a 7 t(eir actio & /3 • <ife saving drugs0 classification.ellular dehydration • .

i'. throat and eyes and provide first aid * • . Re&+irator2 !2&tem ) • 2xplain the basic concepts of bronchitis.intestine. leu%emia. carcinoma lung. Appendicitis. hepatitis. * 'ii.$+1. types of shoc%. nose. * ii. tuberculosis. myocardial infraction. Re+ro7%cti'e !2&tem a 7 E 7ocri e !2&tem ) • 2xplain 1. Retinoblastoma. con#unctivitis. / • dentify first acid measures in case of poisoning &insecticides. 1iabetes mellitus • <ist different cause of breast lump. idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura & T+'. hypertension. epilepsy. iii. . cholecystits and choleithiasis.lassify in#ury and identify measures to provide first aid appropriately. Re al electrol2te !2&tem • 2xplain renal failure.arcinoma cervix. $esteomyelitis. leprosy. identify first aid measures to the patient. Eerophthalmia. cirrhosis. M%&c%lo !8eletal !2&tem • 2xplain the basic concepts of fractures Arthritics. / • . Acute otitis media and . "ephritis. -enign +rostatic. Abortions. arteriosclerosis.-. Trachoma. +neumonia. • 2xplain immune deficiency disorders. its percentage and first aid measures to thermal and chemical burns ) • 1escribe measure to manage the case of frost bite / • dentity the fractured bones and dislocations and its first aid measurement ) • dentify heatstro%e and its first aid and measurement * • 1escribe the dangers of rabid animal bites and its first aid measurement. bronchial asthma. Car7io'a&c%lar !2&tem 4 • 2xplain the basic concepts of Rheumatic carditis. drugs. anemia. rodenticides. H%ma !2&tem& i.T . 2ctopic pregnancy. .*.lassify burns. '. Ga&troi te&ti al !2&tem ) • 2xplain the basic concepts of gastritis. carcinoma stomach. Ne%ro&e &ar2 !2&tem a 7 !+ecial &e &e& ) • 2xplain the basic concepts of meningitis. (yperplasic &-2+'. alcohols' ) • dentify foreign body in ear. • 1efine hypersensitivity reactions. * • dentify first aid measures in case of drowning / • 1escribe the measures to be ta%e in case of sna%e bites / • dentify acute mountain sic%ness and its first aid measures / ./$) 'i. T. encephalitis. "ephrotic syndrome. . heart failure. hemophilia. peptic ulcer. • 2xplain nodular goiter. Renal stones.lassify types of hemorrhage and identify to provide first aid to control external bleeding ) • . UNIT-4 FIR!T AID *3 • 1efine shoc%.

. 6. ba%er &2<-/'. Recent edition )edical laboratory manuals for developing countries )onica . Recent edition (amilton /ystemic Anatomy. 5ade mecum.F. Anatomy D +hysiology ? @illison Ross.Recomme 7e7 Boo8& a 7 "o%r al& 4. =.eesbrough &2<-/'. ntroduction to medical laboratory technology ? 3. Aid. . Recent edition. Recent edition. R. *rays Anatomy. 7. 4:. Recent edition. &4GG=' published by Royal 1rug <imited.1. G.ams published by -io-gard medical services. Text boo%s of 3irst. Recent edition. C. recent edition. 8. >. Anatomy D +hysiology for "urses. recent edition. Recent edition. +harmacology by /atos%er and -handaran. 9.

analysis and interpretation • <earn the basic s%ill on the extraction of relevant information from nternet search and website browsing. U it *0 Data Collectio a 7 Pre&e tatio /* 4. Lear i 9 O. Ta. types of variables &discrete and continuous. two way and manifold tables'. *.:ecti'e& . public health #ournals and bulletins'. -asic . The course also aims to impart the basic s%ills on the use of computer and the statistical software programs for data analysis including the use of nternet for the acquisition of relevant information in various disciplines of health sciences.pon the successful completion of the course. 1ata collection 5 • /ources of data. implementing and monitoring public health programs. vital registration. planning.COUR!E TITLE0 BIO!TATI!TICD! AND COMPUTER APPLICATION COUR!E CODE BPH-/-* F%ll Mar8&0 /-Cre7it Ho%r&0 /*Mar8&0 4- Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course aims to provide the basic concepts and s%ills in statistics for analyzing and interpreting the biological data generated in health and life sciences. . COUR!E CONTENT! U it-/0 I tro7%ctio . students will be able to • Apply statistical concepts and %nowledge in collecting relevant data. collection and recording of statistical information on public health and its related fields from primary and secondary sources &census.%latio a 7 9ra+(ical +re&e tatio 5 • +rocessing and presentation of statistical data0 frequency distribution and different types of tables &one way.oncepts and . ordinal and categorical variables'. nominal. hospital records and surveillance system. 6. role. participate and provide statistical information to conduct operational research designed to provide effective health care delivery for the community. population registers. Types of 5ariables 4 • -asic concept of variables. health post records.sefulness of /tatistics ) • -asic concept of statisticsH definition of bio-statisticsH scope. ad-hoc surveys. • *enerate statistical information. usefulness of statistics in the conduct of community and public health research. 4. • <earn the basic s%ills on the use of relevant software programs used in the data organization.

+robability distribution of discrete variables &binomial distribution' 3. definition of correlation. /imple regression analysis describing cause and effect relationship. 5 * . +oisson probability distribution *3 .%tio /. U it 30 Pro. 1ifferences between population and sample &sample statistics and population parameters' *. . level of significance. -asic concept of regression and correlation. )easures of dispersion 4 • ntroduction • Range. correlation coefficients.• • +reparation of diagrammatic and graphical representation &graphs. standard deviation. bar charts. U it )0 Mea&%re& o1 Ce tral Te 7e c2 a 7 Di&+er&io 4. chart and graphs. pie charts. )easures of central tendency • • • ntroduction )ean. t-test. histogram. /pearman!s ran% correlation coefficient 5 6. 5 .oncept of probability and chance.ilit2 Di&tri. 5 .nit 90 !am+li 9 //. formulation of a statistical hypothesis.oncept of hypothesis. beta and power of test 3 *.nit >0 (2+ot(e&i& Te&ti 9 a 7 !tati&tical I 1ere ce *3 /. type and type errors. scatter diagram and residual analysis. inter-quartile range. binomial test for proportion and E6-test' *- U it 60 !im+le Correlatio a 7 Re9re&&io A al2&i& /* 4. etc'. nterpretation of statistical data including simple analysis of tables. interpreting regressions coefficients and analysis of variance. estimation of population parameters and sample size * 1ifferent types of sampling techniques0 simple random sampling. variance and coefficient of variation. null and alternative hypothesis. systematic and cluster sampling and multistage purposive samplings.a. +robability distribution of continuous variables &normal distribution' ). stratified random sampling. . simple probability distribution *. 2stimation and test of significance for large and small samples &I-test. median and mode 1ifferent partition values &quartiles. * /ampling distribution. deciles and percentiles' /4 6. ).

Recommended Books 4. JTechniques of 1emographic AnalysisJ (imalaya +ublishing (ouse. 7. 4. Assignments on the extraction. /+//. organization and presentation of information from nternet library and website browsing.U it .alton T. +. "ew 1elhi. 4GC8 >. . database and statistics system for epidemiology on microcomputers. Fohn @iley and /ons.1. -iostatistics0 A 3oundation for Analysis in the (ealth /ciences. @ayne. +rentice (all of ndia. 1aniel @. "ew 1elhi. 6::4 8. "ew 1elhi. J/tatistics in medicineJ <ittle -rown and . Recent publication. . 4GG> C. /preadsheet and other relevant programs in the analysis of statistical data' 7. +rentice (all nternational. 4GG4. ndu )aha#an +usa Road. )K +urshotam and 1istribution. 4GG8. An ntroduction of -iostatistics. Assignments on data analysis using software programs U it ?0 I ter et a 7 @e. . 6::4./. internet and website browsing 6. ntroduction to various health and bio-science related software programs &use of 2pi-info 6::6. -" J-asic /tatisticsJ./ /undara and F. Toronto 6. reports and boo%s' 7.D Ram 3. use of computer software programs in data analysis 6.&ite BroA&i 9 . Rao. latest edition. +atha%.0 Com+%ter A++licatio /5 4. K. -a#racharya. /earch for relevant information on nternet &electronic #ournals. =./A and @($. )anual for 2pi info-6::: version JA word processing. -/ 6:8C 9. latest edition.ompany -oston 4 st edition. -asic and . ndu )aha#an +usa Road. "ew Bor%. )aha#an -K J)ethod in -iostatisticsJ /mt. nternet library. 1awson and /anuders. mportance and the scope of computer application in database and information management. Richard. G. )aha#an -K J)ethod in -iostatisticsJ latest edition published by /mt. Atlanta . Recent publication.linical -iostatistics.

(istorical development of epidemiology and its practice. sex. . Lear i 9 O.alculate epidemiological indices and apply these to manage and evaluate health programs. control and the management of the community health and the prevention of occupational diseases.nderstand host. control and prevent health problems.pon the successful completion of the course. . scope.nderstand epidemiological methods and conduct epidemiological studies and be able to use field epidemiological tools. planning.haracteristics of persons  ntrinsic condition of person0 age. concept and use of epidemiology. strategies. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/0 Ba&ic E+i7emiolo92 L 6* • • • • 1efinition. . 1escribe and generate epidemiological information for community health diagnosis in order to manage.:ecti'e& . . )easures of frequency of disease  +rinciples and methods of measuring diseases frequency  1efinition and calculation of morbidity and mortality rates and proportions • 2pidemiological classification of diseases0  dea and need for classification  +rinciples of classification • /ources of data0  +rinciples sources of data  <imitation of sources of data • .nderstand occupational epidemiological and prevention of occupational diseases. /pectrum and determinants of health and disease. religion and ethnic bac%ground .UNIT TITLE0 FUNDAMENTAL! OF EPIDEMILOG$ COUR!E CODE BPH-/-) Full Marks: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Marks: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course has been designed with a view to impart fundamental %nowledge on epidemiological concepts. the students will be able to0 • • • • • • • 1escribe and apply epidemiological concepts and strategies in planning and implementing health programs. method and the information that can be used for the diagnosis. agent and environmental interactions and investigate an epidemic and prepare a plan to manage it.nderstand and implement preventive measures to manage prevalent diseases in the district. .

yclic fluctuations of disease. infectious hepatitis. urban. • . 5ector control including description and demonstration of common insects and parasites. etc. language and socio-economic status. typhoid outbrea%s. including consideration of diseases surveillance. foods poisoning. • /trategies of epidemiology @ays and means of assembling facts on types of people affected by disease and by various circumstances  3orming a hypothesis and testing it  Reviewing various epidemiological studies. )echanisms of transmission of infection. culture. . incubation period. common source epidemic propagated source epidemics. • nvestigation of an epidemic in a district situation and planning to manage it • 1iagnostic Test and .  .omparison of trends for the disease  . prevention and control0  +rocess of transmission  (ost-parasite. environment. vectors. agent.oncepts of control versus eradication of diseases.  UNIT-*0 I 1ectio%& Di&ea&e E+i7emiolo92 • *3 • • • Terminologies used in 2pidemiology on communicable diseases0  nfections.lustering of disease with in a period of time • Types of epidemiological studies  2mpirical studies. endemicity.analytical  Analytical studies0 case control and cohort-observational  ntervention and experimental .haracteristics of place  *eographic0 rural. national and international distribution • . case. sporadic enzootic. communicable disease.ause and effect relationship • Types of associations! art factual &spurious' causal and value of understanding community for prevention of disease. and environment relationship  @ays of brea%ing the infectious disease cycle  +revention and control of communicable diseases .2xtrinsic condition of person0 education. host. experimental and non-experimental .haracteristics of time  ntrinsic and extrinsic conditions of time  .experimental • .descriptive  1escriptive studies and case studies. carriers.onfounding  5alidity  Reliability  /ensitivity  /pecificity  +redictive value  <i%elihood ratio • +roblem-solving exercises on the epidemiology of infectious diseases0 gastroenteritis. reservoir.

C: JThe place of epidemiology in local health wor%. -urent and @hite. 46>= "anier Town. 1avey and @ilson. of "airobi. Techniques for wor%ing with community members to determine priority macro-health actions on the basis of community!s step!s.ommunity (ealthJ . *eneva. /.. 6. 46. @ileox. focus groups.• • 1efense mechanisms of the body0  mmunization. @($ $ffset +ublications "o. (ulley. J/urvey research methods applied social research methods seriesJ 5ol.and . . 4G==. -anarasidas -ahnet. . immunity  mmunization programs. ndia.  $bservation0 concept and observation chec% list0  Muantitative measurements0  /econdary data analysis nterpretation of information. 2ducation.ummings /R. J. 2ducation. G. )ac<eod F. +ar% F2 and +ar% K. .niversity of . 2<-/.niv. J1avidson!s +rinciples and practice of medicineJ.planning and implementation $ccupational dieses0 effect on human health and its prevention. )acmillan. including content analysis of interviews Techniques for presentation of community diagnosis to community and in seminars at campus. ethical guidelines and ethical clearance0  +roposal approval )ethod of collecting information0  nterview schedule0 interview techniques and schedule development %ey informants.ommunity diagnosis and health action A manual for tropical and rural areas 1ept. 8. =. 4GCG. 2<-/. )anson--ahr.hicago /. 3elsenfeld and Thomas.linical epidemiology JThe . -ar%er 1F+ J+ractical epidemiologyJ 2nglish <anguage -oo% /oc. Recommending health intervention programs on the basis of community diagnosis findings. Keny. UNIT-)0 Fiel7 E+i7emiolo92 •  *3 • • • • • 3ield techniques +roposal development  1evelopment of test instruments  2thics. "ewbury +ar%. . C. eds. >. The experience of a group of developing countriesJ @($.harles . 7. +aul RF J.ambridge. ThomasJ The 2pidemiology of tropical diseasesJ +ublisher /pringfield.niv. of . Fawalpur. -ennett 3#. J"atural history of infectious diseasesJ. <ondon. 4G=6. . 4G=8.ambridge . 9. 6::: 4:.hicago +ress.linical ResearchJ @illiams and @il%ins -altimore. . /age +ubl. 3lower 3F Fr. J1avey and <ightboy!s control of diseases in the tropiesJ. Rev. )anson!s tropical diseasesJ. JText boo% of social and preventive medicineJ. J1esigning . 44. +ress. components and format. Recommended Books 4.

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• . • 1evelop basic s%ills to conduct virological and immunological laboratory tests.iolo92 5- 4. prevention and control of parasitic diseases. parasitology.ourse .pon the successful completion of the course. • . • +rovide the treatment. Para&itolo92 *4 • . bacteriology.ontent UNIT-/0 Micro. bacterial and viral diseases'.:ecti'e& . • 1escribe the morphology. pathology and disease development. viral and parasites related causal agents. Lear i 9 O. • .nderstand the basic properties of virus. • 1escribe the normal. bacterial. • .COUR!E TITLE0 PUBLIC HEALTH LABORATOR$ !CIENCE-I COUR!E CODE0 BPH-/-3 F%ll Mar80 /-Cre7it Hr&0 /*Pa&& Mar80 4- Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course aims to impart the basic concepts in general microbiology. organisms and diseases. virology. opportunistic and pathogenic bacteria. process and identify the parasites from stool and blood samples. . • 1escribe the life cycle of common intestinal and blood parasites. An introduction of microbiology • • • ntroduction to microbial world .nderstand the importance of immunology in diagnosis of viral diseases.lassification of microbial diseases ntroduction to community acquired microbial infection /- *. .nderstand the mechanism of infection and development of immunity. • 1escribe the collection and preservation of viral specimen.nderstand basic concepts and acquire the basic %nowledge of virology and immunology • . • 1escribe the collection and transport of bacterial specimen. • dentify the common and important bacterial communicable diseases. • 1escribe the methods of sterilization. The course also aims to develop the basic and practical laboratory s%ills in identifying and diagnosing the fungal. • 1escribe the viral diseases of community concern. students will be able to0 • 1escribe the concept of microbial diseases &fungal. parasitic.ollect. physiology and requirement of growth factor of bacteria.lassification of human parasite • ntroduction to parasitic diseases associated with poor personal and public hygiene.

processing and identification. processing and identification. 6. • . Treatment. • . preparation of smears. ntestinal worms &Roundworm.ollection and preservation of viral specimen for laboratory study • +revention and control of viral diseases *- . Kala-azar. +erformance of *ram staining and A3. microfilaria' <ife cycle and mode of infection. chemical disinfects ion and radiation.ollection of sample. ) Bacteriolo92 *4 • . Echinocococus granulosus. saginata. . pandemic. • )echanism of infection. nana • <ife cycle and mode of infection. • . genital and gastrointestinal diseases' • *ram staining and A3. • Treatment. solium. hoo%worm. +reparation of slides &smears' and identification of ova.ollection of sample. . • . Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporia' • <ife cycle and mode of infection.lassification of bacteria. pinworm. epidemic and laboratory infection. 8. endemic. parasites. prevention and control.oncept of opportunistic and pathogenic organisms.ollection of specimen. • /pread of diseases. • "ormal bacterial flora on or in the body.lassification of virus • Replication of virus • ntroduction to viral disease of community concern • . UNIT-*0 #irolo92 • ntroduction • .ollection and transport of specimen for identification of common bacterial communicable diseases &Respiratory.se of autoclave.ollection of sample.• • • • • • • -lood parasites &)alaria parasite. hot air oven and preparation of chemical disinfectant. processing and identification. staining and identification of blood parasites. cyst trophozoites from stool specimen. prevention and control. Practical0 *4. . whipworm' Tapeworm0 T. H. 7. • Treatment.staining and identify the bacteria. • -acterial physiology and its growth factors. • Resistance to infection and immunity. prevention and control.staining in identifying bacteria. • +hysical sterilization. T. ntestinal protozoa &Entamoeba hystolytica.

hatter#ee )edical +ublishers. 8. 9. 6::4. K..hurchill <ivingston 4GG8. <aboratory +ractical +arasitologyJ 5dharthy +usta% -handar C. )u%her#ee. J+arasitology +rotozoology and (elminthologyJ . and . J)edical <aboratory TechnologyJ 5olume . 46th edition. 7. +ara#uli K. >. 4GG=.heesebrough ). *- Recommended -oo%s.ountriesJ 5olume and . )anuals and Fournals 4.hatter#ee. J+ractical )edical )icrobiologyJ . )c graw-(ill +ublishing company <imite. )ac%le and .UNIT-)0 Imm% olo92 • ntroduction to immunology • 1efense mechanism of body • Antigen and antibody • (ypersensitivity reaction • -asic concept of immunology in diagnosis of viral diseases. J1istrict <aboratory +ractice in Tropical . /aunder 4GG9. 6. . . +ara#uli K.ambridge low +rice 2dition. <aboratory +ractical )icrobiologyJ 5dharthy +usta% -handar =. 1. <yd Bard +) J mmunologyJ .artney ).-. Kaanai <. . 3uerst R J)icrobiology in health and diseaseJ @.

The course aims to impart the basic laboratory s%ills in conducting chemical. ionization of water'. • • • • • • • • . .nderstand the basic concepts and acquire the basic %nowledge of biochemistry and physical chemistry.:ecti'e& . entomology and toxicology. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/0 Bioc(emi&tr2 • • • • -asic concept of acid. Lear i 9 O. biochemical. @ater &properties of water.pon the successful completion of the course. problem of resistance and health hazards of insecticides and rodenticides. 1evelop basic s%ills to conduct laboratory tests. agriculture and medicine. base and salts. entomological and toxicological laboratory tests.oncept of buffer solution &definition. 3- . students will be able to0 • . Analyze diversity of toxicology and its application in understanding and controlling problems related to toxic substance in industry. 1escribe different control measures of arthropods and rodents. 1escribe the usability.oncept of p( and p( meter. . 1evelop basic s%ills to conduct biochemical and chemical laboratory tests.nderstand the basic concepts and acquire the basic %nowledge of entomology.COUR!E TITLE0 PUBLIC HEALTH LABORATOR$ !CIENCE!-II COUR!E CODE0 BPH-/-4 F%ll Mar8&0 /-Cre7it Ho%r&0 /*Pa&& Mar8&0 4- Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course has been designed to impart the basic concepts and %nowledge on laboratory sciences particularly in biochemistry. • . types of buffers present in body fluid and their significance. acid-base indicator. 1escribe the role of arthropods and rodent in public health.nderstand the basic concepts and acquire the basic %nowledge of toxicology. 1escribe the characteristics of different arthropods and rodents of medical importance and diseases transmitted by them.

and coc%roach.)yasis -+roducing lies . 1isease and health hazards0 • • • 1iseases and health hazards associated with arthropods and rodents. • • • 6. ntroduction0 • • ntroduction to medically important arthropods and rodents. normal solution.. molar solution. source of enzyme "ucleic acid &concept of 1"A. mites./imulium . 8. nsecticides.+hlebotomine. . physical and chemical properties'. iodine. classification. spiders. )easurement of micronutrients A electrolytes. *eneral outline. tic%s. <ipid &definition. cupper.e. habitat. co-enzymes. "on-dipterous insect0 <ice. vitamins. magnesium. rodenticides and their usability. (abit.• • • • • • • • • . classification. classification of arthropods and rodents &with special reference to medical important groups'. (abit. phosphorus. +roteins &definition. UNIT-*0 E tomolo92 )- 4.arbohydrates &definition. calcium. 1ifferent methods of controlling arthropods and rodents.e.. 1ipterous insects0 . /- )easurement of p( &solutions and buffers' . morphology and control measures of rodents. habitat. Anopheline 7. +reparation of different types of solutions i. external morphology and control measures of0 Arachnids0 /corpions. bugs.-lac% flies . R"A. classification. 2ssential fatty acids. cholesterol 2nzymes. nucleotide and nucleoside' )acro and micronutrients i. <ist essential and non-essential amino acids and their significances./and flies .ulicine. zinc.sing p( paper and p( meter 6.)osquito . physical and chemical properties' *lucose homeostasis. fleas. protein and albumin 8.olorimetric estimation of serum glucose. iron. . percentage solution 7. physical and chemical properties. Practical0 4.

-arceloux J )edical Toxocology 1iagnosis Treatment of (uman +oisoning J 2lsevies. • 2nvironment toxicology. )acmillan +ublishing .uris 1. . ).  Toxicology as an analytic science.)0 To<icolo92 4. +h.(azards Practical0 /4.alifornia. /an 3rancisco 8. nc 6.auses of poisoning. spiders. • Toxicity value. -. @. )ayes +A. J/asarett and 1oullJs ToxocologyJ 7 rd edition. • +oison. J-iochemistryJ.lassify up to the species level of mosquitoes. . • Toxic substances. flies. • .(. )urray RK. 1iversity of toxicology • $ccupational &industrial' toxicology. C. )atthew F. 6::: >. Klaassen. . /ingh J A Text -oo% of )edical IoologyJ.• nsecticides . bugs. 9.ompany. 3reeman and . • 3actors that influence toxicity. 6. 64st edition 4GG9 7. 1uga -oo%s. and mites' and rodents of medical important. . R. 1 and et al. ntroduction to toxicology. tic%s. Rodwell 5@ J(arper!s -iochemistryJ Appleton and <ann. UNIT. "ew @or%. To<icit2 • Toxic and toxicity. /. • . +. )- Recomme 7e7 Boo8&> Ma %al a 7 "o%r al& 4. A< J -iochemistryJ. +repare the temporary and permanent slides of medically important insects &different stages of the life cycle' and arachnids to study their morphology. 2llenhorn.linical toxicology. 8.ase studies. dentify medically important arthropods and rodents. Al%a +ra%ash Japplied entomologyJ "ew age nternational &+' lit. 6. • . 1onald *. )ishra and 1r. @orth +ublishers.  1efine toxicology.ompany. 7. arachnids &scorpions.+roblem of resistance . llustrate the different stages of the life cycle of medical important insects. • 3orensic toxicology. <. /tryer. <enninger. *ranner 1K. +* 3enemore.

1istinction between public health.ritically analyze the historical development of the field of public health.ritically analyses the development of primary health care &+(. The course is expected to internalize the dynamics of community development facilitating the integration of health sector with other sectors. Pre'e ti'e (ealt(  .' before.oncept  <evel and scope of preventive health  +ractice of prevention   • • • Healt( Promotio  . • 1emonstrate the understanding of dynamics of community development. but also apply the theoretical and conceptual %nowledge to bring changes in the health of community. .harter of health +romotion. • dentify the ma#or international public health problems and the strategies to overcome them.oncept of public health from medical model.lic Healt( 3.onference. • .  +riorities for health promotion in 64st century in reference to Fa%arta 1eclaration .:ecti'e& .COUR!E TITLE0 PUBLIC HEALTH> PRIMAR$ HEALTH CARE AND COMMUNIT$ HEALTH DE#ELOPEMENT COUR!E CODE0 BPH /-5 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours.oncept of public health from non-medical model.: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course offers an opportunity to develop a holistic understanding of health and disease in the context of community. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ I tro7%ctio to P%. • Apply the strategy of community participation. The course attendants will not only learn the historical development and methodology of public health and the public health care. integration of health and development in the context of "epal. Lear i 9 O. students will be able to0 • .oncept including $ttawa . community medicine and social medicine. Co ce+t o1 Healt( a 7 Di&ea&e • +reventive (ealth and <evels of +revention . • 1emonstrate holistic understanding of health and disease.pon the successful completion of the course. community health. during and following the historic Alma Ata .

lic (ealt(  (ealth awareness and health habits.  )a#or communicableAnon-communicable diseases.1+ &.lic Healt(  3ield. which deals with preventable illness.hristian period  The middle ages  The age of the blac% death  The Renaissance period  The 4=th and 4Gth centuries &enlightenment period'  )odern age  1avid @erner!s critique  • • A o'er'ieA o1 co ce+t a 7 &co+e o1 c%rati'e> +re'e ti'e a 7 +romotio al (ealt( a& 7e1i e7 i atio al (ealt( +olic2.lic Healt( Pro. declaration o $ther subsequent (ealth related 1eclarations  "ew mores and new freedoms  2conomically and culturally deprived populations.  Resolution of selected internal tamale conferences related to health o Alma Ata o . !i9 i1ica t 1orce& i 1l%e ci 9 +%.  3ield which needs organized official leadership  Research De'elo+me t o1 P%.  2merging ( 5AA 1/ epidemics  Resurgence of malaria U it-* Primar2 Healt( Care (PHC) )5 . -angladesh +eople!s Assembly.  Adolescent and reproductive health.TAT 6nd & stanbul 4GG>' o /AAR.• • /cope of health promotion !co+e o1 P%.airo' o -ei#ing conference o (A. • Met(o7olo9ie& i P%.lem&  )ental health.lic Healt( i Ne+al • C%rre t I ter atio al P%.lic Healt(  2pidemiological approach  -io-statistical approach  +ublic health laboratory science approach  /ociological and anthropological research approach • De'elo+me t o1 P%.  3ield. which needs community-based public health services and activities. disability and premature death. psychiatric problems and addictive diseases.  The consumer movement in health.lic Healt(  The +re-.

programme. and beyond . Comm% it2 Healt( De'elo+me t 1efinition of development ./. The twenty-two recommendations of the Alms Ata . and movement.hallenges to +(. .oncept and importance of community organization. Targets for 6:9C -. • • • • • *.. U it-)0 Comm% it2 Healt( De'elo+me t L )5 /.omponents of -asic (ealth "eeds +rogrammes to meet -asic (ealth "eeds. • /ome hypotheses about community life • +rinciples and processes of community organization • Role of health wor%ers in community organization • Application of community organization theory and practice in community health program. Comm% it2 Partici+atio i Comm% it2 Healt( !er'ice& .are &+(. $verview of community health development program different "*$sA"*$s • • • ). $verview of operational aspects of +(.. method.ommittees.onference on +(.  +rinciples of mobilization of local resourcesAsustainable development  Aims of social change  )aximum participation of the 5illage 1evelopment .oncept and goals of community development (ealth and different aspects of development &2conomic. .0 /elective +(.• • • • • • • • • • • -ac%ground of +rimary (ealth .'.  +overty alleviation  *ender prospective $verview of health wor%ers role in community health development. Techniques of community development and their application in public health programs0  2xternal agent technique  )ultiple agent technique  nternal resource mobilization technique 3eature of community development program in "epal and their application in health programs0  2mphasis on all around integrated development  2mphasis on rural development.onference. +olitical. Alma Ata . Role of the 1istrict +ublic (ealth $ffice in meeting -asic (ealth "eeds. structural ad#ustment programme and investing in health care.oncept and basic components of +(. /ocial' @ays of viewing community development0 as a process. Comm% it2 Or9a iBatio • .0 ntroduction and description of the deceleration of Alms Ata. $verview of formulation strategies for health for all by the year 6::: and beyond and its achievements.

materials. Techniques of involving community members in implementing health program.oncept of group dynamics • +ropositions about groups • "atural and planned formation of groups • /tages of growth of a group0 .  +articipation in community health needs identification phase.+ in health programs. Techniques of involving a community to find out their health needs.  )a%ing a visit to the community to find out the leaders. <evels of . $verview of function health organizations and responsibilities of health wor%ers require . collaboration.+' with special reference to health service delivery and utilization.  /urvey of various forms of participation0 money.  +articipation in health program phase.+. man and moral support.+0 . Resource identification  Technique of involving community members in identifying resources &human and materials' available in the community for health programs.tilization of existing health committees. and agreeing on priority health needs.ompliance.  . local groups.Gro%+ D2 amic a 7 Lea7er&(i+ • . 2nabling factors for health wor%ers related to .+. • • • • • • • • • C 3.  +articipation in planning health program phase. together with the community. and materials.  .  +articipation in health program implementation phase  +articipation in health program monitoring and assessment phase.ommunication s%ills0 nterpersonal and group communication.  Assistance to the health committee to explain programs &1ecided upon earlier' to the people  (elping to organize training and orientation for people  (elping to put into action the assumed responsibilities for community health activities among the various members of the leaders groups  +roviding follow-up support during program implementation. Techniques of involving community in planning health programAactivities with the community.• • • • • ntroduction to community participation &. 2valuation of community participation including measurement of participation Roles of community leasers in community health program (ealth wor%er!s relationship with leaders and its impact on a health program .tilizing leaders for community health program. nvolvement of communities in health service delivery and utilization process0  +articipation in community resources identification phase.  +rocess of conducting a successful meeting  +rocess of decision ma%ing in a group situation  +rocess of conducting a discussion in a meeting. local control &community empowerment' 3orms and process of .

. R2. *roup roles0  *roup-building roles  *roup maintenance roles  *roup tas% roles *roup problems and their effects on community health programs  Apathy or non participation  . 47. 6::6. <td..+. < and 1harmaligam. 5i%ash publishing house pvt.  Recommended Books 4. $a%ley. (ale . 4GGG. (ari -ha%ta. >. 4G=>. /hrestha and +radananga J/amudaya /wasthya /hi%shy%ao Roopre%haJ. ). Kathmandu. 46.ommunity development0 +rinciples. 1A". Kathmandu. A Text boo% of (ealth 2ducation. /hrestha -. J. 4G=G. *eneva. C. 2ducational 2nterprises.• • • • • • • • • CC ndividual oriented stage  /tage of emotional status and conflict  . *artoulla Ritu +rasad. democratic. 6. J/amudaya vi%ashma swastha pa%shya.onsolidation phase  . 4:. -hattacharaya A J. *artoulla Ritu +rasad.tilizing leaders for community health programs.onventional )edicine. 4GG=. 1ixit (. Kathmandu. An examination of the critical issuesJ @($. Ramavadar. 4GG=. 44. Therapy pattern of . 4GGC.*. =. +radhan. R2. Kathmandu nstitute of )edicine. JText boo% of social and preventive medicine. . 7. +ar% F2 and +ar% K.ommunity $rganization J(arper and Row.ohesion stage. practice and problemsJ. 4G=7. Kathmandu. +eter J. +radhananga B. . 49 th edition.artright 1 and Iander A J*roup 1ynamicJ.ommunity 1iagnosisJ (<).oncept of leadership Types of leaders  3ormal ? informal  <aissez faire. Ramchandran. 8. An ntroduction of )edical /ociology and Anthropology. Ross.onflict  nadequate decision ma%ing and hip poc%et decision  (idden agenda @ays of reducing group problems and relating to a supportive group environment0 *roup counseling and group therapy . <al. G. T J Text boo% of (ealth 2ducation. authoritarian Techniques of identifying leaders Roles of community leaders in community health program (ealth wor%ers relationship with leaders and its impact on a health program . -oo%land +rivte <td. 9.ommunity involvement in health development. 4G>C. JThe quest for healthJ 2ducational 2nterprise. 1A".

lactation. which will be applied to plan and execute different intervention activities to overcome the problem of health and nutrition. pre-school children. . The %nowledge will be applied to understand the relationship of food. . minerals and water. nutritional statue assessment. plan and policies. • Assess the nutritional status of individual and group by different methods.:ecti'e& . R1A. Absorption and )etabolism. • "utrition in pregnancy. basic concept of food and nutrition science and its relation to health. media D strategies in the community to overcome the problem and for the health promotion. The course aims to improve human health by improving nutritional status of the people. food adulteration and sociological aspects of food behavior.pon the successful completion of the course. protein.arbohydrates.nderstand. adolescence. "utritive value of foods0 cereals. fat. sex group and factors affecting for the nutritional status. nutritional program intervention. school children.nderstand and describe the nutritional requirement of individual and different age.tilization of nutrients0 .oncept and importance of food . food composition. U it-*0 N%tritio al ReD%ireme t& o1 #ario%& A9e a 7 !e< Gro%+ /* • "utritional deficiencies.COUR!E TITILE0 FOOD AND NUTRITION COUR!E CODE0 BPH /-6 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course has been designed to impart basic %nowledge on food and nutrition. meat fish. Lear i 9 O. advantage of breast mil%. vitamins. execute and implement nutrition intervention program by utilization of different methods. students will be able to0 • . old age. nutritional requirements in different age and sex group.onstituents of food. balance diets D its importance for various age and sex groups. food hygiene. nutrition education. 1igestion. define and describe the importance of nutrition. spices. • . Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ I tro7%ctio to Ba&ic Foo7 !cie ce a 7 N%tritio • • • • /* . pluses and vegetables. classification of food. nutrition and health. • 1escribe. infancy. eggs mil% and mil% products. nutrition survey.

• 3ood adulteration. over population and malnutrition cycle. • 3ood fortification supplementation program. • mportance.. $rganization "*$/ and "*$/. *overnment organizations involvement in nutrition program. • Assessment of nutritional status of the community by carrying out nutritional surveys and interpreting the results. U it-40 Foo7 H29ie e> Foo7 Proce&&i 9 a 7 Foo7 A7%lteratio • 3ood hygiene and the effect of unhygienic food on health. *rowth chart U it-30 N%tritio I ter'e tio /. /* . emergency feeding. • .0 Natio al Pla & a 7 Policie& • Role of ""+. materials. • 3ood mar%eting and food transportation. • <and resources and ownership. • .U it-)0 A&&e&&me t o1 N%tritio al !tat%& /. • . use of 2. /* U it-50 N%tritio Pro9ram i Ne+al /* • 1ifferent "utrition programs conducted by *ovt.ontrol measures of mycotoxin production. • )apping out the magnitude and geographical distribution of malnutrition as a public health problem. concept of consumption unit • "utritional Anthropometry0 1ifferent classifications. U it-60 N%tritio !%r'e2 /* • $verview of different nutritional surveys done in "epal. types. selection of an appropriate media. nutrition surveillance. • 1iet survey. • 2. U it-. techniques. and clinical methods of assessment. malnutrition cycle. • nfection. • +overty. nutrition rehabilitation center and home based nutrition rehabilitation. "*$s. • "utrition 2ducation0 mportance. • Role of mycotoxin on nutrition. • "ational nutrition programs. • 3ood hygiene during preparation. • )a#or nutritional problems in "epal • Assessment of nutritional status0 -iochemical. ob#ectives. nutrients supplementation. food fortification.urrent nutrition research studies • Results of nutrition research studies and their implementation in "epal. contents. -( . its causes and health effects. processing storage and consumption. methods. malnutrition and infection. related to nutrition +lans and +olicies. materials in nutrition education. • "*$s. ob#ectives and methods of nutrition intervention.omparative effectiveness of pediatrics nutrition rehabilitation unit. • 2ffects on nutrients of food processing and storage. • "on-food pricing policies. • @eaning and supplementary feeding.

(ealth act and food legislation. /*

U it-?0 !ocio-c%lt%ral a&+ect o1 Foo7 a 7 N%tritio • Trans-cultural impact on food practices. • .ulture as determinant of nutrition status - useful and harmful effects. • /ocio-economic impact on food production, distribution and consumption.

Recommended Books, Manuals and Journals
4. 6. 7. 8. .linical dietetic and nutrition - 3+A "epal. (uman nutrition - -e#amin T. -orton, @ills R. 3oster Text boo% of physiology - *autom /ocial and preventive medicine - K. +ar%

SECOND YEAR

COURSES

OF

BACHELOR OF PUBLIC HEALTH

COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED !OCIOLOG$ AND ANTHROPOLOG$
COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-/
Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50

Co%r&e De&cri+tio
The course has been designed to impart the basic concepts and understanding in sociologicalAanthropological theories, culture and belief system. The course also aims to impart the basic concepts and the %nowledge in health psychology, motivation, and adoption of health programs and provide a perspective on traditional health care services related to local practices in the context of "epalese society. The course provides a perspective on the relationship between politics and the formulation of public health policies.

Lear i 9 O.:ecti'e&
,pon the successful completion of the course, students will be able to0 • Apply the concept of sociologyAanthropology in health care practices. • 1evelop a holistic cross-cultural approach in planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation of health programs. • ,nderstand and describe historical evolution of society and health care practices. • 2xamine socio-cultural patterns, environmental health and human conditions as related to health illness, sic%ness and diseases. • 1escribe "epalese ethno-medicine health practices and belief systems constituting attitudes and human behaviors from sociological and anthropological perspectives. • 1escribe the importance of health psychology in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of health programs. • Analyze the factors influencing motivation in adopting of innovations on acceptance of modern health care facilities. • 1escribe the relationship between health and political process. • 2xplain the legislative procedures of health policy formation and sanctioning of public health laws and by laws.

Co%r&e Co te t
UNIT-/ A++lie7 Me7ical !ociolo92 6*

/; Hi&torical De'elo+me t o1 !ociet2 a 7 !ociolo92 =A t(ro+olo92 5 • ntroduction, definition, nature and scope of /ociology A Anthropology. • -ranches of sociologyAanthropology • (istory, present status and 2mergence of medical /ociology and )edical Anthropology. • .ommon terminologies, society, culture, caste, ethnicity, fol% ways, norms and values, roles and status, conflict, co-operation, competition, stratification, sans%ritization, westernization modernization ethno medicine, acculturation, enculturation, ethno psychiatry and self medication.

*; Healt( a 7 Di&ea&e& i Di11ere t !ta9e& o1 H%ma E'ol%tio /• (istorical development and introduction to medical sociology and medical anthropology • (ealth and sic%ness in different stages  (unting  3ood gathering stages  Agricultural stages  ndustrial stages • 1efinition of health, disease, illness, sic%ness social role of illness and sic%ness • /tages in llness
    

The symptom experience stage. Assumption of sic% role stage. The medical care contact stage. The dependent A patient role stage. The recovery of rehabilitation stage. ,

); !ocialiBatio a 7 !ocial Lear i 9 i Healt( • )eaning and significance of socialization and health socialization. • /ocialization of industrial A health elements and importance. • Agencies of socialization in health. • /ocial learning and its importance in health. • 2ssentials of socialization in health.

3; Healt( !er'ice Pro'i7er Co &%mer Relatio &(i+ /• )eaning and significance of the interpersonal relationship. • +erson!s sic% role model. • /waz and (ollander!s model. • .ommunication pattern between modern provider - consumer and indigenous providerconsumer relationship. • -arriers on effective provider consumer relationship. 4; C%lt%re a 7 Healt( /5 • )eaning and definition of culture. • .haracteristics of culture. • 2lements of culture • 2thno medicine A ethno- psychiatry • "on-medical system, strength and wea%ness. • +resonalistic, naturalistic medical system. • .ross-culture examples of culture in relation to behavior and health problem in health care system. • ndigenous healers in changing world with particular reference to "epal. • Role of indigenous healers in primary health care. • /elf-medication and other prevailing health care practice in "epal. • +erception of illness, hierarchy and food habits in "epal. • /exual health, its education and youths.
L

5; !ocio-c%lt%ral C(a 9e> !ocial Pro.lem a 7 Co trol; /* • 1efinition and nature of social and cultural change. • .auses and barriers of change • )eaning, nature and cause of social problem. • /ocial problems0 +rostitution, sexual abuse, alcoholism, drug models, crime, suicide, child labor and their impact in society and health. • )eaning of social control. • +urpose of social control. • .ontrol by law, social sanction and other means. • +ractice of social control in health in "epal. 6; Re&earc( Met(o7& i !ociolo92=A t(ro+olo92; /• )eaning, steps and concept of basic, applied and sociological anthropological research. • 1istinction between qualitative and quantitative research. • )ethods of sociological and anthropological research. • /ignificance of sociological and anthropological research. • 2xamples of sociological and anthropological research related to health in "epal

U it-*0 A++lie7 Healt( P&2c(olo92
/. I tro7%ctio to Be(a'ioral !cie ce P&2c(olo92 • 1efinition and significance of behavioral science • Relationship between, sociology, psychology and anthropology in health. *. Moti'atio • • • • • )eaning and definitions of motivation. )aslow!s concept of human motivation, including hierarchy of needs. Role of motivation in learning and health education. )otivation and adoption of innovation. )otivation towards utilizing modern health facilities.

*3
)

/-

); Perce+tio • • • • )eaning and definition of attention perception and sensation. Role of perception +erception of health beliefs and practices +erception and attention in health

3

3; Termi olo92 • Terminology and concepts useful in studying health problem. • -ody mind relationship • <evel of consciousness • 1ynamic system of personality.

6

• Role of health advocacy and lobbying in health policy formation. 4 4.  (ealth behavior modification through legal measures and challenges. business and public health. 3.  The decision ma%ing style.ma%ing in health sector. • The structural ad#ustment program and their effect on public health. propaganda and public health. • +ublic health mandates of political parties. crisis and disease. • +olitics.• • • 1rivers and motives Ad#ustment mechanism /tress. Political I&&%e& i Healt( 6 • +olitical pressure. • +olitical instability. Recommended Books and Journals . mental and social health of public.  2xecutive decision and their effect on health policy formation. • 2pidemics and health laws.  . +olitics theories as related to health system. U it-)0 Healt( Politic& /.ontrol of contra health products.ontrol of health hazards through health laws and regulation. • 2xecutive decision .  2xecutive decision ma%ing and their effect on health program implementation.  . @orld trends of health politics. • <egal protection against the threats to physical. Co ce+t o1 Healt( a 7 Politic& • • • Relationship between health and politics. E<ec%ti'e a&+ect& o1 (ealt( 4 • (ealth related role and functions of the executive. • <egislative procedure related to health 3 ). *3 ) *. implementation strategies and challenges. • (ealth law and preventive public health. war and their effect on health of public and health service system. • 2xecutive structure for health service administration and management. Le9i&lati'e a&+ect& o1 (ealt( • +olitical decisions and their effects on health policy formation. • +olitical commitment and health services. "%7icial A&+ect& o1 Healt( • (ealth <aw0 nature.

*artoulla. 46. 49. Ramchandran <. .The <ife and 1eath of +(.0 Muest of (ealth-4GGG. 4:. /anders 1. <egal documents of ()*. @erner 1 . . 8. 1ixit (. /harma. (<)1. 6. @ee%ly and other "ewspapers.onstitution 4GG:. 5ol%ov 3). =. et al edited +sychology0 +rogess +ublsihers0 )oscow. 48. 1 " 4GG=. 47.aver R. <aw and "epalese . @ood . $). R+0 An introduction to )edical /ociology and )edical Anthropology0 >. 1harmalingam. R+0 Theraphy pattern of . .4GG9 4>. 1aily. The struggles for (ealth0 )edicne and +olitics of underdevelopment. 9. -hatia D -hatia .onventional )edicine. G. C. 44.4. T & /-" :-C:>C-676=->' JA text boo% of health educationJ 5i%as +ublishing (ouse. 1elhi. 1ifferent )anifestoes of +olitical +arties. /arita0 +sychology. +ublications on 11A. *artoulla. R2.+sychology and "urses. 7. <td.3undamental of +sychology. +vt. Rules and Regulations AFob description of different professional organization. 4G=>.

7 2cosystem approach to human health and diseases  Agro ecosystem  <in%s between agro ecosystem and human health  .4 2nvironmental +roblems in Rural Areas  1eforestation  /oil erosion  River siltation * .8 nternational.4 .oncept of ecology. regional and national concept of health and environment. 6. • Apply ecosystem management approaches to improve human health with particular emphasis on the use of participatory methods.lem& o1 Ne+al 7. The course provides a framewor% for ecosystem &environment' approach to human health and the development of effective policies and interventions to improve human health through environmental management. 4.4 @hat is ecosystem approachN 6. Lear i 9 O.oncept of human well-being 6. • 1escribe and develop the ecosystem approach for assessing causal lin%ages between human health and the natural and anthropogenic environments.nderstand the concept of ecosystem approaches and the environmental determination of human health. U it-*0 Eco&2&tem A++roac(e& to H%ma Healt( 6. • Know the existing states of the environmental problems and strategy of management • 1isseminate the concept of improving human health through better ecosystem &environment' management that respects humans development imperativesH Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ I tro7%ctio 4.6 (ealth as a generic and holistic concept. U it-)0 Commo E 'iro me tal Pro.6 (uman-environment interaction and human impact on ecosystems. ecosystem and environment.:ecti'e& .COUR!E TITLE0 EN#IRONMENT AND HEALTH COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-* Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course aims to analyze how the occurrence of human diseases and health problem are casually interlin%ed to the structure and the function of the ecosystem &environment' on which people depend for their lives and livelihood. *- .pon the successful completion of the course. students will be able to0 • .

8 .6 Rivers and ground water pollution 9.> @ater and water related diseases.8 2ffects of air-pollution on $zone layer and global climate 8.4 /olid waste production and disposal >.4 Relationship between food and environment.7 Types.6 2ffects of air pollution on biological system 8. sources and effects of hazardous wastes >.C @ater purification.6 Resource recovery from solid waste >. 9.4 Types. 9.7 2ffects of air-pollution on human health 8.4.rban Areas  Air pollution./ Foo7 Pro7%ctio a 7 E%alit2 =.. sources and effects of water pollution 9.4 +esticides0 types and uses C.9 (uman excreta production and disposal >. =.ontrol and management of hazardous wastes >.4 Types and sources of air-pollution 8.nsafe drin%ing water +oor sanitation and hygiene <oss of -iodiversity 7.7 3ood borne diseases.6 2nvironmental +roblems in .8 )anagement of food hygiene  1omestic /- /- /- /- //- .8 (uman health and water quality 9. =. 9.= @ater pollution control U it-50 !oli7 a 7 HaBar7o%& @a&te& a 7 H%ma Healt( >.  ndustrial pollution  @ater pollution  /olid waste disposal and management.6 +esticides pollution C.9 . @($ standard and prevention and control measures.7 /ources of water supply and availability in "epal.4.> "ational policy of waste management U it-60 Pe&tici7e& Poll%tio a 7 H%ma Healt( C.8 +esticide regulation U it-.4.ontrolling air-pollution U it-40 @ater Poll%tio a 7 H%ma Healt( 9.4.0 Foo7 Pro7%ctio > E%alit2 a 7 H%ma Healt( .6 3ood contamination. C U it 30 Air Poll%tio a 7 H%ma Healt( 8. global warming and green house gases.     3looding and drought 1esertification . adulteration and fortification =.7 Alternative method of pest control C.

9 . +esticide Residue in 3ood. +ar%. 8. .6 )il% borne diseases =.rbanization and health G. Manual an Journals 4.7. )$1A. ndia0 -anarasidas -hanot.oncept of healthy cities and healthy villages. -oston.4. Tyler &4G=='.ontrol +oint' =..9 +asteurization . )aterial .6 )eat borne diseases.7.7 +rinciples of housing and health G..4. )$1 =.) Meat H29ie e =. @alter &4GG:'.  .ritical . )$+2 &6:::'.=.+ &(azard Analysis and .4 mportance of meat in health.arson. 2nvironmental /cience. =.. . =. .6.7. U it-/-0 E 'iro me tal LaA 4:. 3A$A@($ &4GGC'.. )unicipal and rural sanitation.7 2nvironmental health program in "epal /- /- /- /- Recommended Books. =. G.8 Muality control of meat U it-?0 !(elter a 7 H%ma Healt( G. (ealth and 2nvironment in /ustainable 1evelopment @($A2(*AGC. -eacon +ress. =.6. @($ >.8 1airy farm =.4 mportance of mil% and mil% products. )iller.6.6 +ollution control measures and mechanism 4:.7 )anagement of meat  /laughterhouse and practices. 3A$A@($ &4GGC'.4 1efinition of shelter G. Kathmandu0 )inistry of +ollution and 2nvironmental "epal. &6:::' Textboo% of +reventive and /ocial )edicine. /tate of the 2nvironment of "epal. )$+2A ./A0 @adsworth nc. /&-/ 6:8>' @atawarniya swasthya re sarsaphai.7 )anagement of mil% =.entre. 6.8 /tandards of housing G. "epal0 /tate of the 2nvironment Report 6::4. 2hlens and /teel.4 $verview of environmental law 4:. $#ha.6 1etrimental effect of poor housing G. 7. Kathmandu0 ."2+ A .* Mil8 H29ie e =. The *lobal 2cology (andboo%.6. .> 3ood act and food laws.ommercial  nstitutional =.> . F2 and +ar% K.  /anitation measures.6.9 (A. 9./A. Kathmandu0 (ealth <earning."2+ &6::4'..7. C.

&4G=>'. 4>. /loan. 4=. @($ Journals 4:. @($ &4GG>'. @($. . 47. @ater supply and sewage. *uideline for 1rin%ing @ater Muality0 (ealth .limate . A.ontrol +oint' +rinciple and +ractice. /tate of 2nvironment of "epal published of )inistry of 2nvironment and +opulation.riteria and other /upporting nformation. 4G. (A. Fournal of 2nvironment and +opulation published by )inistry of 2nvironment and +opulation. *uidelines for planning community participations in water supple and sanitation pro#ect..7 -ioscience Fournal of 2cosystem (ealth. (is )a#esty!s *overnment of "epal."2+ @($. 44.+ &(azard Analysis and . @($A@)$A. 4C. (ealth $rganization J@($ commission on health and environmentJ Report of the panel on food and agriculture. @hyte.hange and (uman (ealth.4:. /alvato. 49.4."2+. @($ &4GG>'. .onnection. 6:. @($ &4GG4'. /olid waste disposal in /outh 2ast Asia. 2nvironmental /anitation. @) &4GG7' /ite selection for new hazardous waste management facilities. -iotechnology and /ustainable 1evelopment in (ealth and Agriculture0 2merging . @($ &4GGG'. *eneva0 @($ @agner.4. @($ @($ &4GGG'. 48. /urface @ater 1rainage for <ow-income .ommunities. )onitoring Ambient Air Muality for (ealth mpact Assessment.ritical . @($. (is )a#esty!s *overnment of "epal. @($ &4GG>'. 46. @($. /teel. 2* and <anoix F" 2xcreta disposal for rural areas and small comities.4 4:.6 4:. 64. 66. @($ &4GG6'.4. @( A. @($. -iodiversity.

leprosy. gas gangrene. cholera plague. • 1escribe the applied epidemiology of non-infectious disease and health problems commonly prevalent in "epal. staphylococcal and various 2. typhoid. surveillances and monitoring programs in the field of public health. fevers. (erpes Ioster. tetanus. diphtheria. nfluenza. food poisoning of bacterial etiology. shigella dysentery and other diarrhoeal diseases of bacterial etiology.se the epidemiological concept and tools of disease management to plan and organize control programs for diseases prevalent in "epal. tuberculosis. listeriosis. )umps. F% 9al I 1ectio & • 1ermatophytosis. aspergillosis. trachoma. disease trends and management for the prevention of those diseases. *.onduct an epidemiological study in a real life situation to understand the current prevalence. . dengue. . *erman measles. and para-typhoid.COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED EPIDEMIOLOG$ COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-) Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course has been designed to impart the basic epidemiological concepts and %nowledge on different infectious and non-infectious diseases. etc. anthrax. • . coli trains of importance. • . ). (erpes /implex. A 1/ and other /T1s of viral etiology. cryptosporidiosis. 3. staphylococcal infections. Respiratory sensitial viruses. meningococcal infection. campylobacter infection.hic%enpox. The course also aims to impart s%ills and techniques to evaluate. Lear i 9 O. including bacillus cereus. #iral I 1ectio & • . /T1s of bacterial etiology. Rotavirus and other viral gastro-enteritis. +oliomyelitis. students will be able to0 • 1escribe the applied epidemiology of infectious diseases prevalent in "epal. salmonelloses. yersiniosis. viral hepatitis. assess and examine different interventions. dengue hemorrhagic fevers. Bacterial I 1ectio & • /treptococcal infections. endemic typhus. • Ric%ettsial diseases and chlamydial infections • 2pidemic typhus.ommon cold. brucellosis.pon the successful completion of the course. candidiasis. )easles. clostridium perfringens and botulinum. Fapanese encephalitis. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ A++lie7 E+i7emiolo92 o1 I 1ectio%& Di&ea&e& Pre'ale t i Ne+al /. whooping cough.:ecti'e& . etc.

xerophthalmia. LLLLLLLL U it-*0 A++lie7 E+i7emiolo92 o1 No -I 1ectio%& Di&ea&e a 7 Healt( Pro. pneumocystics carinni infection. industrial hazards. diphyllobothrium latum. giardiasis. trematodes and their infestations. ProtoBoal I 1ectio & • )alaria. • Applied epidemiology of accidents. Foo otic 7i&ea&e& • Area of collaboration between veterinary and medical service. 6. • .$+1. . M%lti-1actorial Determi a t& • *rowing nature of problems and their impact on the population • )ethods of analyzing information to determine etiology • dentification of problems encountered in investigations with respect non. 4.5A. infestation by hoo%worms. poisoning. • 1iseases due to metazoa0 scabies.3. echninococcus granulosus and hydatid cyst infestations. • /urveillance techniques • . beriberi.)A+2). marasmus and anaemia. *. trichomoniasis. ric%ets osteomalacia. +. toxoplasmosis. strongyloides and other nematodes. • 1eficiency diseases0 Kwashio%ar. .ontrol programs and health services.lem& Commo l2 Pre'ale t i Ne+al *3 /. roundworm. 5.asualties  1isease outbrea%  3amine and starvation /* . abuse. leishmanisais. Healt( !er'ice& 1or I 1ectio%& Di&ea&e i Ne+al • /creening and screening programs. Helmi t( I 1e&tatio & • 3ilaria. Mi&cella eo%& • /na%ebite. cancer drug. toxocara and visceral larva migrans.linical 2pidemiology and Research • 2pidemiology as a tool for health planning U it-)0 Healt(=Me7ical A&+ect& o1 Di&a&ter& Ma a9eme t • Co &eD%e ce& o Di&a&ter  . chemical food. scorpion bites. amboebiasis.infectious diseases and health problems commonly prevalent in "epal. nightblindness. taenia saginata and solium hymenolepis nana and dimunita.

)anagement of medical problems. .ontrol of communicable diseases in manJ 6. 7. +ar% K JTextboo% of social and preventive medicineJ 8. +ar% F2. /5 . • $rientation to and planning for and epidemiological study.<ocal resources mobilization. . Manuals and Journals 4.  <ong-term management0 . Abralu /.3orecasting of disasters U it-3 A++licatio o1 Fiel7 E+i7emiolo92 • +rinciples of field epidemiology &theory'. -ar%er 1F+ J+ractical 2pidemiologyJ 2<-/. Report of department of health services recent publications.editor! J.ntersectional course-operation and course-ordination. Recommended Books.• Di&a&ter Pla i 9> Pre+are7 e&& a 7 Pre'e tio o1 Di&ea&e&  !(ort-term ma a9eme t0 .

• 1escribe national financial procedure and prepare budget for district health office.oncept. financing and health budgeting. • 2xplain the modern concept of administration and principles of management. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ I tro7%ctio to P%.R$. • +hilosophy. +$/1. • $verview the health care mar%eting and price mechanism in the context of social mar%eting. • 1efine health economics and its significance in health planning. )odels of +(A and )anagement Pla i 9 o1 Healt( !er'ice&.*eneral Administration. The student will also get an opportunity to familiarize with the basic concept of the health economics. limitation and importance of demand and supply in health. principles and scope of public health administration and management. • $verview of the (ealth cares various cost having sachems prevalence in "epal. 4. • 1escribe organizational development and techniques of improving administrative and financial effectiveness. The course attendant will also develop the competency of pro#ect formulation and management.pon the successful completion of the course. /- .model 6. students will be able to0 • ntroduction to the concepts of administration and management. 1evelopment administration and (ealth Administration. methods and ob#ective of the delivery of public health services. • 1escribe the significance of boo% %eeping and auditing in financial control. • 1escribe and define the law. • 2xplain the components of public health administration. • +erform cost effectivenessAcost benefit analysis and describes its significance in health policy and planning.lic Healt( A7mi i&tratio G Ma a9eme t . • 3unctions of public health managementAadministration.- I tro7%ctio /• . • 2xplain the need for competent administration in health services. • dentify health service resources and health care cost.:ecti'e& . Lear i 9 O. • Review the national budget of "epal in different 9 years plan periods.COUR!E TITLE0 PUBLIC HEALTH ADMIN!TRATION AND HEALTH ECONOMIC! COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-3 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course offers opportunity to learn the modern concepts and principles of administration in general and public health administration in particular.

supervision and evaluation. <eadership. accounting and auditing' /- Ma a9eme t Promotio !trate9ie&  $rganizational communication  $rganizational development  $rganizational behavior management .areer planning opportunities -training. Keys to successful directing 1elegation as a means of directing. /etting ob#ectives0 operations. )otivational aspects. 2lements of planning.lassical b' )odern !ta11i 9 A&+ect& o1 t(e Or9a iBi 9 F% ctio &  /taffing pattern. .ontrolling function in health services administration 4 Co-or7i atio o1 Healt( !er'ice&  ntroduction  Types of co-ordination .  ntroduction  mportance of organization structures &organs gram'  $rganization theory0 a' .$rganizational co-ordination B%79et   ) ntroduction. .  (uman resources development Directi 9          LL /- promotion /ntroduction (uman factor.  Role and responsibilities  Recruitment and placement  .  +erformances appraisal  /taff grievances and negotiations. process of budgeting 3iscal planning &budgeting. research for planning. 1ifferent method of planning. 5 Or9a iBatio o1 Healt( !er'ice&..3unctional co-ordination . )anagement by ob#ectives.onceptual co-ordination .       ntroduction of health services. /trategy formulation. /ystem approach in planning.ommunication )onitoring.

direct and indirect cost. Eco omic e'al%atio  . development programme and operating budget. )  1efinitions. analysis.  )odern approach  Advantage and disadvantage 5 • • •  Healt( care co&t co ce+t ) . Healt( B%79eti 9 3  . Healt( &er'ice re&o%rce i7e ti1icatio a 7 allocatio  *overnment and private sources. fixed and variable cost. types of budget . average and total cost. * Healt( care& mar8eti 9 a 7 +rice mec(a i&m> critical o'er'ieA> tre 7 i (ealt( ma +oAer a 7 (ealt( &er'ice&. recurrent cost.  +ro#ect management  +ro#ect monitoring  +rogramme evaluation review techniqueAcritical path method Re+orti 9   3 mportance Techniques of report writing format and content U it-*0 Healt( Eco omic&=Fi a ci 9=B%79et Co trol • • • • 3- De1i itio & o1 eco omic&> co ce+t a 7 t(e 1rameAor8 o1 (ealt( eco omic& a 7 it& &i9 i1ica ce i (ealt( +la i 9.  $verview of "ational budget and budget of health care in various 9 yrs plans.oncept. )anagement evaluation /* Pro:ect Form%latio a 7 Ma a9eme t  +ro#ect identification  +ro#ect proposal writing. opportunity cost.  dentifications of funding sources. * Mar8eti 9 &2&tem&> 1orm& o1 mo o+oli&tic to +er1ect com+etitio to &ocial mar8eti 9 * T(eor2 o1 7ema 7> &%++l2 a 7 +rice &2&tem i (ealt(. marginal.  (istorical allocation.  -udget release and disbursement procedure of practical exercise.apital cost.ost benefit. limitation and importance of demand and supply in health careH elasticity if demand supply. cost effectiveness and cost efficiency analysis in health. * • .  +ricing. policy change and externalities in demandAsupply analysis.regular. law.

J(ealth /ector 3inancing in AsiaJ.ountriesJ An Agenda for Reform. assets. 1. 1+>=. debit. . and Reddy +" J+rinciples of )anagementJ G. sanction.redit.areJ0 A managerial perspective. summer 4G==. *ilson < J(ealth 2conomics for developing countriesJ A survival %it. 4GGG. <ee K &2ducation.  Account and suspense account A%7it   • ) .oncept of audit nternal and external audit 3 • Healt( 1i a ci 9  (istory of health financing  +ublic and private source. 2+. (omian J+ublic health AdministrationJ >. screening./A. =..ontrol +rogram.  . 9. Tripathy +. 6. balance. 4G=8. 6:877 .' JThe 2conomics of (ealth in 1eveloping . The @orld -an% Report "o.ountriesJ $xford .ost . Roc%ville. 4G=7. 7. C. Recommended Books. Manual and Journals 4. August. )ills A. A @orld -an% +olicy /tudy @ashington.oncept of entry. publication number 4C. ( JMuest for (ealthJ 2ducational 2nterprises.• B%79eti 9 +roce&& i (ealt( &ector. &Reprinted August 4GG6'. 1ixit./A. An Aspen publication. liabilities capital and operating expenditure.  Agencies involved in budgetary process. J2stimating costs for . receipt of budget.effectiveness analysis guidelines for )anagers of 1iarrhoeal 1iseases . . 3 • Boo8 8ee+i 9 4  1ifferent &various' method. )aryland. 8.  +rinciple of budgeting  +reparation.. Aspen publisher.niversity +ress.  . *riffing . Kathmandu. (anion. Boung 1@ J3inancial .  /ingle and double entry.ontrol in (ealth . J3inancial (ealth /ervice in 1eveloping . nc.

health care providers.(+2'. and . importance. curative and rehabilitative ends.@. • )aintain inter and intra-sectoral co-ordination and conduct school health-program in the community. success stories and strategies of 5ictoria (ealth 3oundation.nion for (ealth +romotion and 2ducation & .:ecti'e& . Role of (ealth 2ducation /pecialist. Aims. methods and media for successful implementation of health service programs. andragogy approach &+aula 3ereire'. students will be able to0 • Appreciate the significance of health education in preventive. scope and areas of school health programs.pon the successful completion of the course. promotive. curative and rehabilitative concepts and role of (ealth 2ducation.2. ob#ectives and strategies of health promotion."uswander. <.ritical analysis of various definitions of health education. TurnerH R2 *rant. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ I tro7%ctio to Healt( E7%catio • • • • *3 • • • • . .. select and utilize suitable health education tools. purposes. promotive. 5arious approaches in health education0  mpersonal propagandist approach  +edagogy vs. definition.@. *reenH @($ scientific groupH /$+(2 A A++(2R. • dentify. . dentification of persons responsible for health education0 health education specialist. .harter.  -ehavioral change approach &+R2. • Appraise the need..COUR!E TITLE0 INTRODUCT$ HEALTH EDUCATION AND !CHOOL HEALTH COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-4 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio The course has been designed to impart fundamental concepts and %nowledge in health education activities of various health service organizations and schools &governmental and non-governmental'.212 model'. 1efinition of 1. principles and scope of health education in relation to health promotion. Fa%arta declaration /2AR$ charter on health development and the role of international and national organizations0 nternational .omprehensive preventive.oncepts. nternational perspective in (ealth promotion and health education0 $ttawa . . and school teachers. • Apply the theories and principles of health behavioral sciences in the process of health education. /tewart. The graduates will be able to appreciate and apply the theories and principles of educational health and behavioral sciences to deal with +ractical problems encountered in real life and schools situation at community level Lear i 9 O.

and television telecast. theories and criteria for the selection and use of appropriate method of health education. . competency in s%ill. symposium.Healt( E7%catio Met(o7& a 7 Me7ia • )5 • Appraisal of various methods of health education such asH  ndividual methods0 . U it)0 . motivates and drives. <ewin!s three-phases0 unfreezing. definition and determination of perception and its significance in (ealth 2ducation. ta%ing action )eaning. film show. buzzes session. moving and refreezing theory and its application to (ealth 2ducation. -unchman and Kelly. ' programs. meaning and definition of human behavior.oncept and principle of behavioral changes and the changes process in health education. and the theories of motivation by Abraham )aslow./ocial mar%eting approach  . +rinciples. principles. interview. creativity and confidence.  *roups methods0 1emonstration. )eaning. • Role of health educationAhealth promotion in primary health careAand health development in the concept of health promotion in 64 st century. <earning . Rosenstoc%. brainstorming. public addressing systemspeeches. motivation. definition. group discussion. . Kurt <ewin. interview forum. radio broadcasting. • Role of health education in disaster and epidemic management.hild-to-. Rogers Adoption process and its application in the selection of health education methods and media.  )ass methods0 2xhibition.omprehension. 5arious approaches of learning such as non-formal education and adult learning distant learning. tuberculosis control. and concept of learning and its application in (ealth 2ducation.hild approach  1istinguishing between education and propaganda. ntegrated management of childhood illness & ).). 2+ Reproductive (ealth &R('.oncept. its communication and principles for effective communication. readiness to act. affective and psychomotor and their relationship with the educational process. advertisement. field trip. control.ounseling. wor%shop. )eaning and definition. . <evels of human behavior cognitive. mil%ing. role-play. motivation. Theories and principles of interpersonal and mass communication. critical analysis. • Relation of life s%ill approach in biomedical sciences and behavioral sciences in health education. 2. • Role of health education in public health programs0 Role of health education in various public health programmes such as malaria control.  U it-*0 F% 7ame tal Factor& o1 Healt( E7%catio • • • • • • • • • • • • • )5 Appraise of the meaning. mini-lecture. elements and types of communication. /teps in learning as information.

fol% media0 songs.  solation of sic% child in school. nter sectoral communication-ordination in school health programme.ontents of health instruction in high school curriculum (ealthful /chool <iving  ntroduction  /chool plant. hand puppets. video film. radio. flip chart. questionnaire etc. flash cards. banners. scope and area of school health.  (ealth 2xamination0 5ision. film. 1evelopment tools &chec%list. heating and furniture. and classroom teaching.  /afe and adequate water supply. (ealth instruction  ntroduction  . pamphlets. • • • U it-30 !c(ool Healt( • • • ntroduction.  @aste management &garbage. film strip.  @ays of developing good relationship between school and community. flip chart.  /chool building. Practical • /election and use of (ealth 2ducation methods0  ndividual counseling  *roup discussion  1emonstration  Role play  )ini lecture +reparation and use of health education media  3lash card  3lip chart  +oster  3lannel graph +reparation of lesson plan. sewage'. *3 • • • . slide. models. hand puppets. hearing. video. +reparation and use of selected health education media in classroom and field setting0 poster.• • 5arious types of health education media. cleanliness inspection.  Toilet. slides.  /chool health committee. television.' survey of school health environment. ob#ectives. stic%ers. /chool health services. hand bill. The various type of health education media0 poster.  . pamphlet. lighting. stories. its advantage and disadvantages including the process of its preparation. models.orrection wor% of school /chool and community #oint health services. hoardings. handbills. song.  ntroduction  Foint health activities including school participation in camps. 5entilation. importance. flashcard.

4G=7. /chool (ealth +olitics./. "o. =. Fan-)arch. (2 J1iscussion .. T. (onsdale. 8. (<).2T. *ulley. 4GG8. 2. 5i%as +ublishing (ouse.. (ousing and +hysical +lanning..A. . JAudio 5isual )ethods in TeachingJ The 1ryden +ress nc. . 4GGC. 4:. < and 1harmalinyam. Rinehart and @inston.and +radhananga B+ J/amudaya /wastha /hi%shya%p Roopre%haJ Kathmandu.T. /chool (ealth or +ractice. F. >.onference and *roup +rocessJ (olt.<. 4GG>.-. C. 4GG9./. /erchan <. F2 and +ar% K JTextboo% of /ocial and +reventive )edicineJ 49th education. (. 48. /harma. 5o. The role of (ealth 2ducationJ nternational Fournal of (ealth 2ducation. nc. . report of the committee on /chool (ealth. .JA Textboo% of (ealth 2ducationJ 2ducational Resources for (ealth. Ramachandran. American Academy of +aediatric. 1esign for (ealth.A. 2ducation.47. 9.• )inistry of (ealth. -ehavioral /cience... +ar%. 6. G. 1/ J<earning by +erceptionJ @orld (ealth 3orum. Amar.. 44. *unaratne. 47. Manual and Journals 4. (anson F. Anderson. +radhan. 7. Recommended Books. JTextboo% of (ealth 2ducationJ "ew 1elhi. <td. +vt. /ita. 5T( 0J(ealth for all by the year 6:::. (ealth nstruction theory and application. /hrestha 1. "o. 4G=:. +opulation and 2nvironment &/chool /anitation +rogramme' and Agriculture &school nutrition'. . 1ale. 4G>G.8 4GG6.A<.. -idhyalaya /wasthya /hi%shya Karya%ram. 3odor. +radhananga B+ J5idyalaya /wasthya RA /wasthya Karya KartaharuJ 46. 49..F. llinois.

• )en as fathers. implications of changes in age structure. family health and reproductive health. and components of population and population growth. and income earners. conflicting demands as providers. • 3unctions of the family in maintaining health.nderstand the consequences and the implication of population growth on health and resource base. sexual hygiene. • +opulation change and family health. • . • )a#or indication of family health. 3ather!s responsibility in childcare. /.:ecti'e& . which will provide a better perspective in.economic providers. family support. managing public health care system in %eeping with the %nowledge of family and reproductive health and their components.onceptualize the interrelationship between population growth and sustainable development.onceptualize the problems and solution of maternal and child health.COUR!E TITLE0 FAML$ HEALTH> REPRODUCTI#E HEALTH AND DEMOGRAPH$ COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-5 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course is designed to impart %nowledge and s%ill on family health. personal hygiene. • .nderstand the structure. • @omen. family environment. family health. careers. migration. scope of family health. . • +riorities of family health problems. Lear i 9 O. • Know the different method of family planning and provide counseling to the clients for the adoption of appropriate family planning scheme. students will be able to0 • . counseling and rehabilitation. role of the family in achieving healthy behaviors-functions of family in health care utilization sic%ness role-interactions among &family health needsAneeds assessment family members' family members in health disease. holistic models of family health. • 3ather!s supportive role during and after wife!s pregnancy. The course also imparts the basic %nowledge and understanding on demography. • )otivating father for family health. @omen right health promotion and rehabilitation. Co%r&e Co te t UNIT-/ Co ce+t o1 Famil2 Healt( • 1efinition of family. population growth.pon the successful completion of the course. which includes safe motherhood initiatives &/) ' and reproductive health to the public health students. characteristics. birth spacing. • .nderstand the importance and the implication of family and reproductive health. • . family and community members . health and social policies. urbanization aging.

-aby friendly hospitals. +". +rioritizing the child health needs. breast feeding. organizing. • +revailing family health practices. child protection and child rights and child laws. Abandoned children and labour.  /T1A( 5AA 1/. prevention of teenage marriage and pregnancy and safe motherhood.. .are for common disorder including community management of diarrhoea and parasitic diseases. • . U it-)0 C(il7 Healt( /.. complementary feeding. +rinciples of screening and child health surveillance . safe birthing practices. )a#or causes of infants and child morbidity and mortality in "epal. A.hild (ealth priorities analysis of child health data .  )a#or conditions causing maternal morbidity and mortality.omponents of child health care. . (abitat . self-medicationAalternative medication. . role and training of TA-s in "epal. )aximizing community resources. maternity waiting homes. • 2mpowerment and self-help of women. educational and cultural factors affecting child rearing practices and child health care activities in "epal. social-interactive community development.• -io-physico. /ocio-economic.hildren . 2ffect of conflicting situation. U it-*0 Mater al Healt( • . street children and girl traffic%ing. body politics. prostitution.oncept and /cope of Reproductive (ealth0 • /afe motherhood and neonatal care  $verview of maternal health status. • • • • • • . • • • • • • • • • • /.ancer  /ocio-economic. health-see%ing behavior.37 (3A targets for year beyond 6:::. Recommendations from @orld /ummit for .*$. .omponents of maternal health care inducing A"." convention on the Rights of .trends in health. decision-ma%ing process on family health.  3amily +lanning  )anagement of complication  3ertility  Adolescent health. managing and evaluating health services. girl traffic%ing.1.airo.hild.. ntranasal care.linical features of child abuse and neglect. • +lanning.  . educational and cultural factors affecting maternal morbidity and mortality and utilization of maternal care. • 2ducating women in health related materials.hild abuse. . urbanization and refuge situation on children. • (uman sexuality.

+opulation problems and need for family planning in "epal. ii' )easures of reproduction . organizing.11. "atural family planning. ( 5AA 1/.  . )a#or causes of accident and handicapped conditions.  +opulation policy and program in "epal U it-5-Po+%latio !tr%ct%re> C(aracteri&tic& a 7 Com+o e t& • /* mportance of sex and age structure. marital status. sex ratio.1efinition and its importanceH gross and net reproduction rateH replacement level of fertility. AR . childhood nutrition problems.• • • • • • • +lanning. crime etc with emphasis on prevention and rehabilitation.oncepts and its importance. religion. institutionalization.. +lanning. including teenage pregnancy. concept and definition of some useful terms. U it-40 I tro7%ctio to Demo9ra+(2  /* mportance and implication of population study. . vaccines preventable childhood diseases. . organizing managing and evaluation of child health service including 2+ . . Adolescent health special need for growth and development of spiritual. drug abuse. managing and evaluation 3+ activities including health education with special emphasis on the "epalese situation. trend and consequences at global and national levels. Adolescent problems in "epal. . 3actors affecting use and non-use of contraceptive methods. the human suffering index'. rehabilitation. . ethnicity. .urrent population situation of "epal and its trend and implication of "epal!s resources base and quality of life &the quality of life index.oncept of ) .rude and specific rates. +opulation politics of "epal and its strategies 1efinition and concept of 3+. . U it-30 Fami 9 Pla • • • • • • • • i 9 /. prevention. alcoholism. total fertility rate. standardized rates. physical emotional and social life. a) Com+o e t& o1 +o+%latio 9roAt(  Fertilit2 i' )easure of fertility . violence. /T1s. smo%ing. accidents.  +opulation growth.-R vs. <egal issues regarding handicapped persons. dependency ratio and growth of population. sources of demographic data. and other new terminologies. 1ifferent methods of 3+ including indications contraindication and side effects. child women ratio.are of handicapped and disabled and those weight chronic conditions.ounseling of eligible couples. literacy rate. in "epal.

Kathmandu. sources of data. environment and development. ageing of population and contraceptive prevalence rate. decaying of population. 7. 4G=>. U it-60 Po+%latio T(eorie& a 7 Po+%latio Pro:ectio & • • • /* )athematical methods and models of population pro#ection. prenatal mortality rates  )igration . standardized rates. .oncepts.$thers concepts. Fohn @iley and /on "ew @or%s. U it-.0 Po+%latio E<+lo&io > Ecolo92 a 7 De'elo+me t • • • • • • (uman environmental interaction and its impact on resource base +opulation growth and economic development. +opulation momentum. >.+0 An ntroduction to )edical /ociology and Anthropology. 1A".$3+' course "( .omprehensive family planning &. some term. mental health department. J+rinciples of population studiesJ (imalaya +ublishing (ouse.Theory and +racticeJ 7 rd edition.i7it2 .oncept of sustainable development and population growth. 8. . R2. . -ehende. types of migration .2stimation of life time and intercensal migration from place of birth statistics  . J1emographyJ."eonatal and post neonatal mortality. . 4G>G.a iBatio  Mea&%re . 1. young and old population. foetal. *artoulla R+. .) Ur. $).ox. 3reidman )) J3amily . Manual and Journals 4.Other mortality rates .ncidence rate. . .2@ " publications0 a state of the rights of children in "epal. baby boom syndrome. 9.1etermination of rates and ratios .. nterrelation between population.ornucopias doctrines and demographic transition theory.Tempo of urbanization. *artoulla R.+ercentages of population in urban areas. 3ourth edition &4G==' 6.A"epal.Ratio of urban and rural population. 4GG=. -ogue.. resources. . infant and maternal mortality rates .niversity +ress.1efinition and importance of crude and specific rates. . . AA and Karni%ar T.hild /exual Abuse0 A hidden horror.Mortalit2 . "eo-)althusians and . =. J+rinciples of 1emographyJ. 4GG9. period prevalence rate prevalence rate./ize of locality of residence of the median inhabitant. . C. c) Mor.)easure of mortality . mpacts of human population growth on ecosystem and human health. R. Muality of human life &human development index and indicators' /* Recommended Books. -ombay.ambridge .

G. JTechniques of 1emographic AnalysisJ (imalaya +ublishing (ouse. )isra -1.. children and women of "epal. F2 +ar% and K. "ew 1elhi. Art introduction to the study of populationJ /outh Asian +ublishers +vt.A situation analysis 4GG>. 1emography and +opulation /tudies 5i%as +ublishing (ouse +vt. 66. @allace (@. "ational reproductive health strategy 6:::. JThe methods and materials of demographyJ . <td. reference manual certificate nursing programme.23. 6:. community health nursing . 4GG8 64. 48. @ashington. 1. 4C. *iri K J(ealth care of women and children in developing countriesJ 4GG:. J"ational maternity care guidelines for "epalJ ()*A. 3(1A1(/A)$(. $/. 4:. 46.D Ram 3. "ational adolescent health and development strategy 6:::. +ar%. 6nd edition 4GG4. +atha%. 3(1A1(/A)$(. <td. Iacharia 2.23A"epal. J2lements of 1emographyJ Allied +ublishers +rivate <imited. 4G=G./ -ureau of the census. 6 nd 2dition 4GG8. 3amily and reproductive health @($. A public health manual 47. 6 nd edition. 4G. J mproving access to quality care in family planningJ. 4GG>. 4=. . . Katwal. A textboo% of preventive and social medicine.. /rivastava. (/H /iegel FsH and Associate. K. *eneva. /ryoc%. F(+ 2*$A"epal." . 44. 49." . /inha 5. family planning unit. 4>. 4GG>.

.:ecti'e& . +olitical. environmental. • 1escribe the health status of a community-by-community diagnosis procedure. religious. environment health conditions and access roads. fol% and professional health care service situationH Accessibility! spotting &)apping' of health care structures. • +resent findings of community diagnosis D carry out micro health pro#ect. • 1escribe various components of community diagnosis and design a community diagnosis and prepare a s%etch map of the community. concept. %nowledge and practices related to health and diseases including beliefs. The process of community diagnosis. • .pon the successful completion of the course. .COUR!E TITLE0 COMMUNIT$ HEALTH DIAGNO!I! COUR!E CODE0 BPH *-6 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 0 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course has been designed to impart the basic concepts.ommunity diagnosis and health surveillance in +rimary (ealth .212 diagnostic framewor%. Lear i 9 O. • 1escribe community diagnosis process and procedures.are. +R2. The course also aims to impart the basic concept and s%ills in designing and diagnosing community health and prepare a holistic community health management plan. social developmental D recreational facilities of health significanceH formal and informal leaders in the community. norms etc. 1efinition. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/ I tro7%ctio to Comm% it2 Heat( Dia9 o&i& • • • • /* 1efinition of community health. importance and use of community diagnosis. analyze and interpret information required of a community diagnosis. values. • +repare a report of community diagnosis exercise and develop community health.ollect. procedure and the s%ills needed for collecting and analyzing required information for community health diagnosis. • . students will be able to0 • 1efine community diagnosis in related to community healthAmedicine. external resourcesH *eographical inheritanceH political divisionsH popular. • • • • • )5 3acilities D resources in the communityH assessment of internal. ways of preventing and treating disease and the function of clinical and community medicine and the role of community diagnosis. U it-*0 O'er'ieA o1 #ario%& Com+o e t& o1 Comm% it2 Dia9 o&i&. Attitude.arry out a community diagnosis in actual setting A community.

hoosing variables required meeting ob#ectives. implementation and assessment of micro health pro#ect. data analysis.  nterview schedule.. )5 U it-30 Pre&e tatio • +resentation at community • +resentation in the " (/A/(.  Muantitative measurements.  1etermination of propriety micro health actions or health basis of community fact needs and student community diagnosis. 3ormat for report of community diagnosis .. ignorance etc.  . • Report writing evaluation /. formula and indicators applied. .  Review of theories. 1esigning the study to ma%e the community diagnosis. %ey interviews. interview technique and schedule development.• • • • • • • • • • • . survey instruments. Training of health and diseases0 morbidity. • Actual field. poverty.onstraints reviewing0 man. Recommendation  Recommend health intervention program or the basis of community diagnosis. components and format. including sampling method. Review of epidemiological studies.  $bservation concept and chec%list. 2thnical aspects  2thnical aspects of community diagnosis &3ollow "(R. +RA in depth interview. nutrition status. +RA.  *eneration of methodology. model'  +lanning. • $rientation of community diagnosis. presentation and communication of health information. nterpretation of information  . logistic. focus group. morality. Techniques for wor%ing with community members.  /econdary data analysis. L C U it-)0 Re&i7e tial Fiel7 Pro9ram. )ethods of collecting information . materials0 pattern D use of health services. Techniques of presentation  +resentation of preliminary finding in community level and seminar at " (//(. expressed and felt health need.ontent analysis and describe the results obtained. interview. health and disease stating of school population. money &time'. U it-40 Re+ort @riti 9 G E'al%atio /.  /etting of ob#ectives.  +reparation of written community diagnosis report0 steps. ma#or health problem.

. 6. Kar% )1. /ydney <. (ale. A +ublishing 1ivisions of +rentice-(all nc 4G=C.areJ.Recommended Books 4.ommunity 1iagnosis and (ealth Action . JThe +ractice of .ur%er F J2pdemiology in .entury . 3F -ennett &2d'0 J. Appleton. 8. $) 4GG>. )c.ommunity 1iagnosis )anualJ (<).a manual for tropical and rural areasJ 4GCG.ommunity (ealthH American )edical and Research 3oundationJ Rural (ealth series. .al. +rof.and -hattacharya A J. *eneva 4G=G.. Kong ) et.H /hrestha . 7. 5anghan F+ and )orrow R( &21'H manual of 2pdemiology for 1istrict (ealth )anagementJ. JTropical )edicineJ. @orld (ealth $rganization.rafts.ommunity $riented +rimary (ealth . 9.

THIRD YEAR COURSES OF BACHELOR OF PUBLIC HEALTH .

pon the successful completion of the course. Lear i 9 O. methods. operational research. and qualitative and quantitative type of research. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/ I tro7%ctio to Re&earc( • )eaning. • -asic terms used in research concepts 5 * * * U it-*0 T2+e& o1 Re&earc( a 7 Re&earc( Met(o7& • • • • • . which can be used for the improvement of the public health program in the country. • Apply qualitative and qualitative techniques of health research. students will be able to0 • 2xplain the meaning. • 1efine and conceptualise basic terminologies used in research. • 1escribe the various types of research methods applicable in public health sciences. evaluative survey.' * U it-)0 !te+& o1 t(e Re&earc( Proce&& /election of the problem  /ources of problems  2xamples of problems Review of the literature  <ocating relevant literature  1ocumentation of literature  "ote-ta%ing &note-card preparation' ?* 3 . techniques and the process of developing suitable research proposal. • 1esign and develop research proposals in public health sciences.COUR!E TITLE0 PUBLIC HEALTH RE!EARCH COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-/ Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course has been designed to equip the student with the basic research tools and methods in public health sciences. experimental. 3 Analytical research methods &causal. definition and purpose of research • mportance of research in public health. content analysis etc. The attendants of the course will be able to design and conduct public health research activities in the field to generate relevant information. purpose and importance of research in public health sciences. action. The course aims to impart the basic %nowledge on the concepts. -asic and applied research * Types of research0 descriptive. • +roduce a research report on selected issues in public health.:ecti'e& . • 1escribe the fundamental steps involved in the research process. • dentify public health problems of "epal on which research study can be carried out.

mailed questionnaire.ontrol group time series. feature of a good questionnaire. nstrumentation /cale and its management. etc. post-test Randomized experimental four-group design.• +reparation of bibliography. 1ata . /ampling techniques. //-   5 - nterview.omputer search 3ormulation of research ob#ectives and hypothesis  6 • )eaning and types of research ob#ectives. +articipatory research appraisal good questionnaire. "on-random control group presentation-test $ne group time series .   Research design )eaning of research design "eed for research design 3eatures of good research design Types of research design $ne-short case study Randomized control group0 presentation-test.ollection +rimary methods of data collection0 observation. /ampling design and procedures &review only'. +ilot study. etc.  . direct . Research methodology    /. drafting. +urpose of research hypothesis  1efinition of research hypothesis  Types of hypothesis  5ariables &independent and dependent.hec%list Muestionnaire &designing.'  $perational definition. +re-testing Reliability and validity. etc' 3ocus group discussion *roup interview. census versus sample /election of sampling design +opulation under study /ampling frame /ampling unit 1etermination of sample size. . and ob#ective test.

)orgenstem J2pidemiologic Research . A <aring. and correlation and regression analysis.onducting research on a selected public health issue. 4GG4. disease prevention programmes. attitude and practice surveys of health service delivery and health service utilization. etc. summary and recommendations /   - +reparation of research proposal &list of public health issues' /5 (ealth behavior 2ffectiveness of health promotion. parametric and non-parametric inference. Kleinbam 1*. . Kothari . bulletins.odingAediting +reparation of master tables A master field boo% Tabulation  Analysis of data and findings0 /. +erformance of health wor%ers.onclusion. @illey 2astern <imited &fourth reprint 4G=G. findings and conclusions and recommendations. F and /to%le. . result and discussion. 3isher.ouncil. Recommended Books 4. o 1escriptive and analytical statistical method e. . U it-30 Pre+aratio o1 Re+ort • *uidelines for students for the preparation of report. reference cited. means. standard deviation.K JResearch )ethodologyJ. review of literature. normal distribution. - office records of institutions. 6./election of appropriate statistical techniques. J(andboo% for 3amily +lanning $perations Research 1esignJ +opulation .+resentation of data . 1ata +rocessing 5 . F. 2ffectiveness of health education programme activities Knowledge. 4G=6.' 7. 1evelopment of health intervention model. methodology &materials and methods''. 1evelopment of health education programme activities.ommunity health status. "ew Bor%. 5an "ostrand Reinhold. $rganizational problems in health services.- /econdary methods of data collection0 1ata from #ournals.+rinciples an quantitative )ethodsJ.g. Kupper <<. probability.  . 5 /- U it-40 Proce&& o1 @riti 9 a Re&earc( Re+ort • +reliminaries  Title of report  Approval sheet  Ac%nowledgements  Table of contents and figures • -ody of report0  ntroduction.

. • Acquire the necessary %nowledge on the fundamentals of occupational health.8. • 1evelop general understanding of the environmental toxicology. -iotic community. human impact on the degradation of resources base and its consequences on human health. Lear i 9 O.:ecti'e& . /trategy of protecting biodiversity. 4GG>. +radhan. L Co%r&e Co te t U it-/0 E 'iro me tal Biolo92 a 7 Ecolo92 • • • • • -asic concepts in environmental biology 2cology and its relationship to human civilization. This course specifically aims to describe how environmental pollutants and toxic substances originating from different sources affect human health in general and the occupational health and safety in particular. /* . *- U it-*0 Bio7i'er&it2 a 7 It& Pre&er'atio • • • • -asic concepts and importance of biodiversity -iodiversity and biotechnology.alifornia &seventh print 4GC>. • nterrelate the casual lin%ages between environmental pollutants and human health. students will be able to0 • 1evelop general understanding of human impacts on the degradation of resource base consequently affecting human health. /an diego.oncept of ecosystem and homeostasis -asic ecological concepts and principles.hallenges to the preservation of biodiversity.pon the successful completion of the course. and )ichael @-. >. )oser . and Kalthon * J/urvey )ethods in social investigationalJ 2<-/. 9. its impact on human health and its management. J(andboo% in research and evaluationJ 2dits publishers. . . diseases and safety measures. (. 2ducational Resouces for (ealth &second ed' Kathmandu.JA Textboo% of (ealthJ. COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED EN#IRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND !AFTE$ COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-* Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course provides a broad perspective on human environment interaction. 4GCG. /tpehen . production and decomposition in "ature.

)5 U it-40 Er9o omic& • 1efinition • @or% place environment 3 U it-50 E 'iro me tal To<icolo92 • • • • • • -asic concept of environmental toxicology 2volution of resistance in pathogen &the fate of pathogen' Ris% assessment 3actors that influence toxicity &how much.apra. 4G=6 The turning point0 /cience. Allen. . 7. 4G=9 2nvironmental planning and management. @or%man!s compensation nternational agencies $ccupational health practice applied to specific exposure  +hysical  .$rganizational aspect of occupational health services. how often and where' Route of exposure 2nvironmental toxicity management *3 Recommended Books 4. prevention and promotion of occupational health. @estview +ress. (oe%stra. society and the rising culture.@.limate change  2volution of pesticide and drug resistance. T. 6. . Fohn. 4GG6. -aldwin.olumbia . .  Toxic hazards *3 U it-30 Occ%+atio al Healt( a 7 !a1et2 • • • • • +rinciple of occupational health and safety (istorical development of occupational health.ontrol. +ublished by 3ontana +aperbac%s.3.. -oulder and <ondon.U it-)0 E 'iro me tal Poll%tio a 7 HaBar7o%& Poll%ta t& • • . Towards a unified ecology. 3ri#of.( and T.auses and sources of environmental pollution 2ffects of environmental pollution  *lobal warming and green house effect  $zone depletion  .niversity.hemical  -iological $ccupational diseases  Agriculture  ndustrial  /mall scale  <arge scale . .

*. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/ F% 7ame tal& o1 H%ma Re&o%rce De'elo+me t (HRD) • 3. 1. . • Apply the concept of educational planning in the process of design. Kalyani publishers.ollege +ublishing.Administrative capacity . beacon press.8. 3undamentals of environmental science. @ashington. $dum. • . production and utilization of (uman Resource of (ealth. 4GG:. C.  +re-requisites for (R1./A. ndia. 4G==. students will be able to0 • 1escribe the modern concepts of planning. 2nvironmental /cience.. =. The course attendants will attend lecture sessions as well as participate in seminar classes to discuss the modern concepts. 4GC4 3undamentals of ecology. )iller. @ilson.$n the basis of statistical need . ntroduction to human resource development &(R1' 5  . Lear i 9 O. organize. @.  (R1 in the context of organizational development. . 2.2nabling legislation . production and utilization &management' cycle in (R1.alifornia. 4GG>. The global ecology handboo%.ritically analyse the (R( concept as applied in the context of "epal.orson.oncept of (R1. @adsworth publishing company.. . -oston. Typler.+olitical dimension . /aunders . . implementation and evaluation of curriculum plan. /nagha and Ralhan. 9.(. o nterrelationship among the planning. >. The course also provides opportunity to develop specific s%ills in the process of designing training courses and implementation and evaluation. 4G==. -elmont. monitor and evaluate a training program.:ecti'e& . COUR!E TITLE0 HUMAN RE!OURCE DE#ELOPMENT COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-) Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course offers an opportunity for conceptual understanding of human resource development &(R1' and its specific application in human Resource for (ealth &(R(' development. 1haliwal. principles and strategies of (R( in the context of national health manpower development of "epal.<eadership readiness. "ational Academy +ress. "ew 1elhi. -iodiversity. .$.pon the successful completion of the course.

)ar%et oriented method. .ommission )inistry of (ealth A )inistry of 2ducation .*oalsApriority ../ervice Target A +anel expert. *ap between demand and supply analysis.2conomic capacity .urative-+romotiveArehabilitative human resources for health.hange of government .Requirement and manpower pro#ection .onceptualizing planning in the context of health  Analysis of health care needs in the country . (R( planning models from other countries.Mualitative A Muantitative .o-ordination between )inistry of health and )inistry of 2ducation.• H%ma Re&o%rce 1or Healt( (HRH) Pla i 9  .niversities A (ealth /cience nstitutions .  )ethods . - nterrelationship between health services system and education system . "ature of training institutions of produce. .  /5 L 2stimating the requirements for appropriate mix of various categories and levels of (R(. (igh level (R( .2conomic demand method .1evelopment of scientific and technical capability. • HRH Pro7%ctio /3  .1emand supply .oncept of (R( production .1emographic tends .+roduce personnel in number exceeding the current supply .2pidemiological trends .ritical analysis of the existing (R( planning process in the context of national health services system of "epal."eed based ."ormative method ./ocio-economic trends . 1istribution analysis +reventive .  The role of "ational (R( policy .Role of public and private sectors  Analysis  of manpower situation &public and private sectors' )ismatch among various categories and levels of (R(../tatistical method.ouncils   Role of various agencies in (R( planning "ational +lanning .)ulti-sectoral "ational (ealth .

&(uman Resource 1evelopment and role.ompetency based The !/+ .2/! model of curriculum design . analysis of the existing policy. . critical appraisal and application. .are /ervice /ystem in (R( . nfrastructure /ystem' concept  (. nfrastructure and capacity of the national health services system -primary. .ritical analysis of the regional mal and mis-distribution of (R( in the context of "epal. • 3actors influencing curriculum design level of evaluation and corrective action  1etermining health need of society. secondary. • .  .  @or%ing hypothesis  1efine educational ob#ective. / . tertiary levels./taff development  Role of (ealth .ontent oriented -ehavioristic +rocess oriented . • 1eterminant of curricular trends. • +rinciples of curriculum design       Types of curriculum modelsAapproaches .ritical • HRH UtiliBatio /*  The concept of health +ersonnel management A .tilization. curriculum and examination.R1 U it-*0 E7%catio al Pla i 9 a 7 C%rric%l%m De'elo+me t *3 / / / 4 • ntroduction to curriculum development.oncept of educational planning. o +romotion A Fon /ecurity o RewardA +unishment .  .tilization. private public mix in the production of (R( for "epal.- )id level (R( *rass root level (R( "ational policy guidelines on entry criteria.Recruitment +roducer .2mployment satisfaction o Fob description o +articipating organizational development.Role of private sectors  Role of professional bodies and councils in the quality assurance in health and practice.

.Achievement .Rational selection ./ignificant . 3 Training need identification by trainer Tas% analysis as means to identify training needs +urpose of training and development if health manpower.oncept of health manpower training and education     3./tudent as learner .  $rganization of curriculum content and learning  2valuation of the out comes of curriculum U it-)0 H%ma Re&o%rce Trai i 9 (HRT) • .  $b#ective of education  1iagnosis in developed curriculum . $bserve and record about behavior of trainees.. non academic training +lanning for health manpower training. . .  • 6 1etermine the participant.      1evelop teaching programme. Affective +sychomotor .student (ealth /ituation $b#ective revise (ypothesis revise • /tep for curriculum change.ognitive 2valuation and analysis . Training plan including learning ob#ective and evaluation methods.Appropriate need and interest of trainees.Adaptability .urriculum problem  /election of curriculum experience.+roblem establishing criteria .1epth and breadth . * • Types of training  -asic and refresher training  n-service training  3ormal academic and non formal.orrective action based on manipulative variables0 Teaching 2xamination technique -udget 2nvironment .

• /electing an instructional method according to need of the trainees.oncept of training programme evaluation <evel of training evaluation Reaction <evel <earning <evel -ehaviour <evel $utcomes <evel . questionnaire /etting of ).se of evaluation out comes for manpower planning and training • )easurement and evaluation in teaching 3 Muality of measurement tools Muestionnaire and rating scale /etting of easy examination.           <ecture-types for lecture 1emonstration 1iscussion A wor%shop 1ebates and seminar . .     - Fob Analysis Training need assessment 2stablishing training purpose dentify the institute for proposed training 1eveloping a training programme pac%age Aproposal0 4 module preparation /etting ob#ective 1evelopment general plan for training @riting session ob#ective 1etermine the training approach methods and technique +reparing agenda 1etermining resources 2stimate the budget .M.ase studies *ame ndependent study +ro#ect and programme instruction /lide A Audio A 5ideo tape presentation +ersonalized system of instruction • • mplementation of training programme 3  Things to be done0 -efore the programme Fust before the programme 1uring the programme After programme 2valuation of training programme   5 -     .

4:. B+ J(ealth and (ealth . *raw (ill. (ornby. C.1awis K J +ersonnel )anagement and (uman ResourcesJ "ew Bor%0 ). "epal. 4GG4.  Training of trainers &T$T' ) . *eneva. 4G=:. 4GCC. Kathmandu. 9.Academic institutions sector 3  (R( development from Tribhuvan . JTeaching (eath . Manual and Journals 4. J+reparing nstructional $b#ectivesJ . @earther.are in "epalJ &in "epali' -ha%tapur.ertificate "ursing. need organization of trainer!s training. +radhananga. + et al. /+.alifornia0 3esaon +ublishers.oncept. R. T< and A )ei#a &2ds. G.' J(ealth )anpower +lanningJ *eneva0 @($ 4G=: >. A. 4GC=. 4G=9. 46. 47. A(@.)A . 48.entre. JTraining and 1evelopmentJ. <ynton and +aree%.  ntroduction to "ational (ealth Training .onsents. . 44. R3 -each ) J1eveloping 5ocational nstructionJ . )inistry of (ealth ()*.enter )$( *oal0 $b#ectives0 /trategic0 3unction0 AchievementA. 4G==.  )inistry related to (ealth )anpower +roduction )$(. J. +rivate nstitutions *oal 5arious +rogramme Achievement A consent Recommended Books.are @or%ers0 A +ractical *uide J <ondon0 6. . 5arious Training )anuals +roduct by "ational (ealth Training .niversity nstitute of )edicine and other (ealth /cience nstitution 3aculty of 2ducation. Abbat 3. 8. .oncept. Ra#bhandari. )ager. • • (ealth manpower production in "epal )$( sector 5  "ational policy related health manpower development0 *oal0 $b#ectives0 /trategic0 3unction0 )a#or achievement A consents  +roduction of various categories of manpower from )$(. J2valuation and . )*. )c. @($ 1evelopment of 2ducational +rogrammes for (ealth +ersonnels. nc. <l Rue <@ Rue J(uman Resource )anagementJ -oston0 Richard 1. A"). "$(++ and )$3 • (uman Resource of (ealth development in "epal . 7. )acmillian 2ducation <imited. =.urriculum mprovement0 1ecision )a%ing and +rocessJ Allyn and -acon.alifornia0 3eason +ublisher.  Training of *rass root level health wor%ers and volunteers. J1evelopment Administration and TrainingJ Kathmandu0 2ducational 2nterprise. need organization of master trainers. 4GG7. J*uidelines for (ealth )anpower +lanningJ *eneva0 @($. )ager. )ahon R. @.ontrol of TrainingJ <ondon0 )c*raw (ill. -yars. (amblim. rwin. (all. 1oll. 4GC8.

ritically analyze the problems and issues of the health services management at the central.ritical overview of the health planning process in "epal. program. 1evelop. non-institutionalized (ealth services.  ntegrated health services0 advent. Lear i 9 O. • $verview of -asic )inimum (ealth needs scheme. district and grass root levels. students will be able to0 • 1escribe the history of the development of health services in "epal.oncept of health services.  Ayurvedic. -rief history of development of health care services in "epal. t is expected that the students will develop a critical awareness of the problems and issues facing the health service management at various levels and will equip them with appropriate measures to address the problems.  . ensure and provide quality health services in "epal.  nstitutionalized. • • • 1evelop a profound understanding of the "ational (ealth +olicy. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/0 Hi&tor2 o1 Healt( !er'ice& i Ne+al • • . /* . strengths and wea%nesses.  Traditional health care patterns.COUR!E TITLE0 HEALTH !ER#ICE! MANAGEMENT IN NEPAL COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-3 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course provides an opportunity to the students to get acquainted with the history of health services development in "epal.pon the successful completion of the course. *3 U it-*0 Natio al Healt( Polic2 a 7 Ma a9eme t • (ealth policy0 aims and ob#ectives of current 3ive Bear +lan in health services. district and the grassroots levels.  -rief introduction to long-term health plans of "epal. (omeopathic and Allopathic medicine in "epal. The course also helps the students to better conceptualise the national health policy and how the policy has bac% enacted at the central.  Traces of expansion of curative health centers and preventive and vertical health service programmes. .:ecti'e& .  "aturopathy curative vs preventive and promotional health services.

.(. implementation and management.reation of a plan  1esign of standard operating procedure  +ro#ect +lanning • 1ecentralization  Role of 1($A+($  @hat 51.  (ealth . 11. /* .1esign.ommodity )anagement . Regional.ontrol Transportation management. (ealth +ost and *rassroots.  nformation education and communication.+rocurement .  )alaria control  3+A).ntegration. drug supply management.oncept  <ogistics /trategy .entral. identity and management of disposal.Receiving goods and warehouse management nventory . • <ogistic management procurement.o-ordination of efforts and activities planning  +lanning for the allocation for resources  .  2valuation of ntegrated <ogistics .  Tuberculosis control  <eprosy control  2xpanded programme for immunization  *oitre control. )unicipality can do in the context of decentralization of health sector functionsN  $rganizing meetings A wor%shop A seminar  *roup dynamics U it-)0 Ce tral Healt( !er'ice& Ma a9eme t • /urvey or organizational structure at various levels of health services0  .1emand forecasting . stores. data processing use of information for logistics decision-ma%ing • Types of health planning  +roblem solving planning  +rogram planning  . • -rief survey of various health programs in terms of ob#ectives activities. 1istrict..<ogistic information system .Rationale /trength @ea%ness.

particularly of @($. 1escriptions and critical analysis of roles responsibilities of health and health related "*$s of "epal." .  /upervision system."1$+. A  2nvironmental (ealth  (ealth Training  Kala-azar  A 1/. and curriculum development for /ervices development. Roles and contributions of @($.  U it-30 I ter atio al Healt( G I ter atio al P%.  2stablishment and monitoring of drug scheme and essential drug management. Role of private sectors in health services and management. )a#or collaborative efforts in international health.23. U it-40 Peri+(eral Healt( !er'ice& Ma a9eme t • )5 • Analytical study of 1istrict +ublic (ealth /ervices  3unctions  $rganizational structure  (uman Resource for (ealth.ommittee. . . Healt( a 7 Healt( !er'ice Ma a9eme t I 1ormatio !2&tem (HMI!)  +rimary purpose of () /0 6 way flow of information0 Reporting from health post.  /uggestions for effective functioning of 1+( $ffice.ontrol and management of health posts and /ub-health +osts. @orld -an%.lem& • • • • /* 1efinition of international health. +rioritization and funding policies of international health development agencies."3+A. .lic Healt( Pro. $verview of health manpower development programs in "epal. and establishment of co-ordination among health and health related programme for effective delivery of health services alternative modality for establishing effective coordination.  )onitoring and evaluation of 1istrict (ealth /ervices. region to central level and feedbac% again  (ow to maintain and use health information made available at the district .ontrol of diarrhoela disease and AR ./A 1 and other health-related international organizations in health promotion and disease promotion and disease prevention programs in "epal.  Fob descriptions  -udget  +rogrammes  ./A 1.• • • • . . district. .  Responsibility towards regional health directorate." . "eed for.  "eed for.(5s and health post personnel.  $rganizational of training fro .  "utrition vit. . including (ealth /ervices ordination . assessment of.23.

arrying out direct supervision of activities of supervised health personnel related to .se of performance evaluation information for staff development. and 1evelopment and maintenance of Jreview roomJ.+resentation of information in various forms.(A3+ clinics. • /upervision of health personnel carrying out activities involving community participation.(<s  "eed for performance evaluation  Techniques of performance evaluation  .  *etting feedbac% from the community &through the health .  Muestions to as% in evaluation of ( )/0 @hy collect informationN 3or whom is the information neededN 3or whim is the information collectedN @ho provides the informationN @ho collects the informationN @hat information needs to be collectedN (ow often should the information health collectedN (ow much does it cost to collect the informationN @ho is benefiting from the information collectionN  nformation collection and its appropriate uses Training 1eployment /upervision +erformance )otivation 2nrichment A *rowth 2ffective employee • Theory and practice of performance appraisal and evaluation of district and health wor%ers.ommittee' on provision of health services in the community &indirect supervision'  +roviding and suggestions to health wor%ers.  "eed for coordination between district hospital and 1istrict +ublic (ealth $ffice and health posts.+.).  Types and techniques of periodic report writing. health posts. 2+ .  () / as a monitoring tool.  3inding out activities of supervised health personnel related community participation. /* .+'.+.  5alue of a census type of 3amily .  U it0-5 Gra&&root Healt( !er'ice& Ma a9eme t • Analytical study of health post. and planning ways of improving activities related to . • Referral systems for patients with in the district  "eed for 6-way referral with feedbac%.  . &.  . including 5(@s and . sub-health post.-ased () /  /trengths and wea%nesses of current data collection systems in )$(.se of information for planning and replanning of health services programmes. as an evaluative tool for management.

/upervision system. (indering factors to assure the quality in health services.(@  T-A  1rug scheme. • nter-sectoral coordination between different levels.51.)inistry of Agriculture . target strength and wea%ness of +(.       3unctions $rganization structure )anpower.2ducational nstitutions .1$. The professional and individual role in order to maintain the standard health services. o 1istrict 1evelopment . strength and wea%nesses of different programme.)inistry of +opulation and 2nvironment .  3.1ifferent organizationAclubsA industries .)inistry of 2ducation . Fob descriptions +rogrammes Responsibility towards 1+($A(ealth post."*$sA "*$s . • $b#ectives. /* .)inistry of <ocal 1evelopment  +eripheral <evel .!s . Role of ()*AprofessionalsA and individuals to maintain quality in health services.entral <evel.  .)inistry of @omen and /ocial @elfare .Agricultural $ffices A Authorities .<ocal Authorities o .(@  )./chools . ob#ectives. .(ospitals o (igher level o 1istrict level  *rass root level . /tandard guidelines for different types of health services A health institutions. target.Agricultural institutions .1ifferent organization A clubs A industries U it-60 E%alit2 A&&%ra ce i Healt( !er'ice& • • • • • 1efinition and concept of quality assurance in health services. . outreach programme.oncern . • +hilosophy.)inistry of (ousing and +hysical +lan.

students will be able to0 • 1escribe the need for a planned health education of this course. 5 .:ecti'e& . "*$s. The graduates need to have a clear concept of planning.pon the successful completion of the course. nutrition and implement it in a real field situation. 1escribe management process of health education in various occupational and institutional settings. 4GGG. implementation and evaluation of health education programme. 2ducational 2nterprise. Therefore. 4GG> +radhananga B+ !(ealth and (ealth /ervices in "epal!. • • • • • • • Analyses various models of planning of health education programme. 7. ()*A" Foshi ). implementation and management system in "epal. 1escribe various components of planning. (ealth education programme of )o(. Appraise the magnitude of oral health problem in the country. 6. 9. Lear i 9 O. (ealth +olicy of "epal 4GG4. 8. programme. 1ixit (!Muest of (ealth!.Recommended Books 4. +lan and implement school program on oral health. 1escribe health educational planning. )$(.. "*$s. +repare a sample plan of a health education programme on priority areas such as oral health. implementation and overall management of the education programme. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/0 Healt( E7%catio i Ne+al • • (ealth education is "ational health policy and five years plan. 3amily +lanning )anger!s (and -oo%. this course has been designed with a view to develop necessary s%ills on the essential components of health education with special emphasis to health education programme in occupational and institutional setting. COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED HEALTH EDUCATION AND ORAL HEALTH COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-4 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio An educational aspect of public health program is indispensable responsibility of health professional specifically of preventive health care managers. Adhi%ari R !)anual of drug and therapeutics! (<).

1evelopment of contents of messages of health education. C U it-)0 'er'ieA o1 Healt( E7%catio Pro9ram& De'elo+me t i !electe7 Healt( Pro. *eneral and specific ob#ectives. etc. • • • • • • . dentification of target principle population or target group. $verview of health education responsibilities of various level of health professional and wor%ers. U it-*0 Pla • • • • • i 9 o1 Healt( E7%catio Pro9ram *3 . .  +rogramme goal.  /etting priorities for an education intervention. Reproductive health.  /etting goals and ob#ectives of health education program.ommunicable diseases malaria.lem& /. tuberculosis.-ehavioral and educational diagnosis related to the health problem.  1evelopment of a detailed plan of operation for health education.lassical and +R2.'. including estimation of feedbac% mechanisms and review of entire planning process. @riting behavioral ob#ectives in terms of %nowledge. +roactive and reactive planning in health education.  1evelopment of a detailed plan for evaluation of health education programme. /chool health program 2nvironmental health problems . )alnutrition.oncept of and need for planned education programme.212 framewor% of diagnosis for health education planning.areer opportunities in health education. ntegrates management of childhood illness & ). attitude and practice. '.• • • .haracteristics of planning. goitre control. functions and activities of national health information.  "eed assessment dentification of the health problem to be dealt with by educational process.. dentification of resources to be utilized in the health education process. Role.  nitiation of planning model. /election of appropriate methods and media of health education. . . /tep in planning in health education programme. education and communication centre &"( 2.

alcoholism Agro health problems.  +atient health education0 concept.niversal immunization.  . scope and management process.oncept of health education supervision and monitoring  Tools of educational supervision  /upervisory system of health education activities in "epal. .3ormation of committees-sharing responsibility.  +rocess and  $utcome evaluation.• • • • • • • 1rugs abuse and A 1/. )odels of evaluation0 *3 • . . /ystem of recording and reporting of health education programme activities including health education management information system &(2) /' )anagement of health education in occupational institutional setting and community setting.Recruitment..)obilizing health educational materials.  . &(ospital and (+ setting' Accident prevention. . scope and management process. scope and management process. &$ccupational setting' +atient education. . $ccupational health hazards.. • *3 • • • mplementation and its strategies  $rganizational and individual commitment to the action plan.ommunity health education0 concept. /upervision and monitoring in health education programme.ommitting financial resources.  )obilizing human resources.  @or% site health education0 concept. Types of evaluation0  mpact.. . .onducting health education session following. U it-30 Im+leme tatio o1 Healt( E7%catio Pro9ram. U it-40 E'al%atio Healt( E7%catio Pro9ram • • . (ealth education during disasters and epidemics. training and development of human resources for &(R(2' health education including overview of (R(2 development in "epal.oncretization &+aulo 3reire' approach .oncept and purposes of evaluation of health education program. scope and management process.  /chool health education0 concept.  "on-formal education &"32' adult learning principles including.

etc. 1escribes caries and periodontal diseases.  .  3actors affecting the health education process such as0 target population characteristic. . (awson RA J2ssentials of 1ental /urgery and +athology. etc.alifornia )ayfield +ub.ost benefit.onclusion and recommendation. and efficiency as applied to survey areas0 &see O b9 below'  . such as reduction in morbidity or mortality. *reen <@ et al. 4G=:. effectiveness. use and effective of health education materials models. A diagnostics approachJ . +lan. 1istinguish between normal and decayed teeth.ommunication. Recommended Books 4. J(ealth 2ducation +lanning.• attainment models  /ystem model. 6.  .e.hange in health %nowledge.  $rganization aspects of health education activities. . communication models. implement school programme on oral health and hygiene.hoosing evaluation methodsAtechniques.  .  +erformance of health education specialists and wor%ers.  nterpreting information and presenting findings. adequacy.  2ffectiveness or impact of health education efforts in any given situation0 i.  *oal • $verview of Areas for 2valuation in (ealth 2ducation. LL L L U it-50 Oral Healt( • • • • • • • • *3 $ral health education0 concept. 2valuation plan  dentification of programme goals and setting evaluation ob#ectives with suitable indicators.  1evelopment. impact on health status.  2valuation criteria0 appropriateness. chec%list. magnitude of the problem types of oral health problem. its determinants and management process.'  .onstructing measurement tools &questionnaire. cost effectiveness of health education programme. attitude and behavior of people. community organization.  .  +rocess of planning health education programme.  . To explain less harmful food stuff and eating habits 2xplain the way of preventing dental caries and periodontal diseases.ommunity process and its effectiveness. dentify plaque and calculus 1escribes between normal and diseases gums.ollecting processing and analyzing information.

family and society. @orld (ealth $rganization J(ealtheducation comprehensive guidelines on planning. The course also aims to impart advanced level %nowledge on parenthood. Lear i 9 O. Kathmandu. /- . C. 8. Co%r&e Co te t U it-/0 Re&+o &i.:ecti'e& . >. implementation D evaluation of health educationJ"ew 1elhi. +ardhan (. +radhananga B+ J/amudaya /wasthaya /hi%sya%o Roopre%haJ Kathmandu nstitute of )edicine. /hrestha 1-. . Requirements and practices in the preparation for parenthood. )agan R30 +reparing instruction ob#ectives &<atest edition' .7. =. dentity and trace out the sources and the impacts of violence on family health. • • • • 1escribe women!s health status and importance of reproductive health.alifornia 3earen +ublisher.oncept and prospects of a small family. 4G=>.@($ 4G>G. 4GG9./ 1epartment of education and welfare J2ducation the public about health0 A planning guideJ @ashington 1epartment of (ealth 2ducation @elfare. Relate gender issues and their impacts on family and reproductive health. 2ducating parents for responsible parenthood mpact of large family size on individual. 2xplain the issues and problems encountered in ageing and its management. women!s health violence. 4GCC.le Pare t(oo7 • • • • • )eaning and concept of responsible parenthood. <awson RA J2ssential of 1ental surgery D pathologyJ COUR!E TITLE0 APPLIED FAMIL$> REPRODUCTI#E AND MENTAL HEALTH COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-5 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio This course has been designed to impart the basic and practical %nowledge on family and reproductive and mental health. .JA textboo% of health educationJ 2ducational Resources for health. gender issues and ageing problems. students will be able to0 • 2xplain the duties and norms of responsible parenthood.pon the successful completion of the course. 9.

-/ex trade and women!s health ris%s including /T s. The cycle of violence throughout one!s life cycle. Abuse assessment screening. 2ffects of violence on health by age group ? children. (uman!s rights . ( 5AA 1/. poverty. *ender relations and environmental changes @omen!s empowerment and agenda for empowerment.  5iolence in school  5iolence in wor% place  5iolence in open  5iolence in correction centers including prison. *3 • • • . low status. .  <egislation  3emale education  <abour saving technology  2conomic upliftment etc. 2ffects of structural ad#ustment programmes on @omen!s health and development. -@omen as patient in health care system.mpact of disaster and war on women!s health.oncept of violence /cope and evolution of violence against women.illiteracy. -/ocially displaced persons including refugee population and destitute women . 3actors contributing of violence .oncept of women and health. youth and adult. difference between the health of men and women global overview of health status of the women. specific health problems of womenAgirl child. /ocio-culture and economic factors affecting the health of women.U it-*0 @ome > Ge 7er a 7 Healt( • • • • *3 . Types of violence 2ffect of violence on health in different types of institutions.their life circumstance-programs and policies for meeting the basic health needs and problem faced. -ei#ing!s declaration.  1omestic violence  Types of abuse within household. . -@omen as provider of care in health service delivery system.)aternity Rights' 2limination of all forms of discrimination against women. • • U it-)0 #iole ce a 7 Famil2 Healt( • • • • • ..  5iolence in health care settings.airo resolutions on women!s health. socio-cultural factors." declaration on rights on women &@omen!s Rights .

(elping elderly to cope with hearing and visual impairment. /ocio-economic and legislative structure D their impact on care of elderly person. ). schizotypal and delusional disorders. clinical features. -rain and behaviorH mind body relationship."eurotic.1isorders of adult personality and behavior. )a#or problems of elderly including accidents. . normal mind. characteristics of abnormalities. +revailing misconceptions about occurrence and treatment of metal illness. . stress-related and somatoform disorders. drug abuse and sexual abuse. moral and other schools of personality development'. institutionalization.  $rganic .  3unctional .• • /teps toward eliminating violence against women  +ublic health responsibilities for preventing violence.-ehavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors. *eneral psychopathology +roviding information to the health community about type.oncept of normalcy. Role of family members on /T1s.)ental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use &with special emphasis on prevention of substance abuse. cognitive./chizophrenia. . rehabilitation. . +ersonality development &including behavioral.oncept of )ental (ealth . U it-30 Gero tolo92 • • • • • • • 2pidemiology of gender.)ood disorders.$rganic. Role of the state in social security community based rehabilitations vs. ( 5AA 1/ cases along with other chronic problems. treatment and prevention of the following groups of mental disorders. . . ageing and development problem. good psychological ad#ustment.  2ducation for violence prevention  Role of men and household members in preventing violence in home. including symptomatic mental disorders. *3 U it-30 Me tal Healt( • • • • • • • • . disability in mobility. psychodynamic. causes. 1escription of measurable indicators of positive well being.

/trategies to +romote *irl!s 2ducation.23 4GG9. <awson RA J2ssentials of 1ental /urgery and +athologyJ. "epal ). 4:. -ehavior implications of mental illness. . Applications of principles of prevention of mental illness0  +rimary prevention  /econdary prevention  Tertiary prevention. J. /chool mental health. J)ental (ealthJ A)R23.R. )artin +. Kathmandu. 4GG8.• • • • • 1isorders of psychological development. The 2ssentials of "ursingJ )acmillan +ress. 6.ommunity )ental (ealth +rogramme )ental health education for the individual and the community.. @right . 2pidemiology of mental illness. G. . 9. -ehavioral and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence. "airobi. @allace () D *ir% K. *ibbons.are of the )entally ill. 8. <ondon. A wor%boo% on how to plan and carry out research in ). /wift .linical /cience +sychiatry.. <(. information about treatment facilities. Assistance in rehabilitation of mentally oil and retarded0  +sychosocial rehabilitation  /ocial rehabilitation  $ccupational rehabilitation nstitutionalization and deinstitutionalization )ental health of children and women.( including 3+ 1ivision of >. - • • • • • • • Recommended Books 4. J(ealth .are of @omen and . =. +otanguy F J5iolence Against @omen The (idden (ealth -urdernJ. J)anual of )ental (ealthJ (<). *eneva 4G=8 or latest edition. 2ducation /ection +rogram 1ivisions. -esise. Role of traditional healers and other community leaders in the improvement. 3amily health @($. J$xford Textboo% of +sychiatryJ. >. 7. +lanning mental health services for the community. *lder et al. . Techniques of case finding. J ntegrated ." . C. +roviding information about the concept of integration of mental health with general health services.ountriesJ 4GG:.hildren in 1eveloping .

available resources and feasibility of various solutions. • .  1evelopment of a sense of tem sprit and ta%ing collective responsibility and participation in fulfilling goals and ob#ectives of the 1istrict (ealth $ffice  +ublic health awareness raising. training and motivation of subordinate or health personnel.  /upervision and monitoring if different health personnel and wor%-activities towards achieving ob#ectives.  $bservation and understanding of appropriate recording and reporting systemassist establishing a wor%able to-way referral sys from the grass. The course also aims to develop the basic s%ills in the students to assess resources potentiality and constraints. bearing in mind overall goals of (ealth and -asic )inimum "eeds. students will be able to0 • 2xplore health problems in the districts. monitoring and evaluation for developing actions plans for feasible and effective solutions to problems identified and detected through monitoring and evaluation.pon the successful completion of the course. which may hinder successful application of solutions. or assists in developing suitable options and action plans for addressing the priority health problems in the district and carry out supervision.COUR!E TITILE0 COMPREHEN!I#E FIELD PRACTICE COUR!E CODE0 BPH )-6 Full Mark: 100 Credit Hours: 120 Pass Mark: 50 Co%r&e De&cri+tio The purpose of this course is to provide the students an opportunity to develop s%ills. including determinants of the problems to prepare a district health profile. which will ma%e them competent public health professional with the ability to identity health problems and needs in the community. as well as constraints.  1irection.roots level through health posts of district hospital and bac% down. Lear i 9 O.:ecti'e& . • +rioritize health needs of the district and generate appropriate and feasible strategies for health. • $bserve organizational management s%ills including enterprising and leadership abilities in the following areas of0  nter and intra-secotal co-ordination. . • Assess existing or potential resources for addressing health problems. priorities the health problems and set strategies for solving them develop.o-ordinate health and non-health sector activities in order to accomplish health service goal.

@atch closely and deeply observe oral manger!s wor% activities in the organizations towards goal achievement. bio-statistics.lem *3           )a#or health problems of the district. <ogistics system Recording and reporting system. /upervision and monitoring system.  Co%r&e Co te t U it-/0 Orie tatio to Pro9ram Acti'itie& • • • • Rationale for field program activities. /taffing patterns . school health.oordination with other related organizations. (ealth planning and programmesApro#ects. strength and wea%nesses of each of the management components mentioned above."*$. health D .5iew himselfAherself as a qualified public health professional able to act as an adviser and counselor in public health management. -udgeting (ealth management instruction system. $rganize a seminar to present a health management profile of organization in districtA" (/ U it-30 Comm% it2 Ba&e7 Micro-Healt( Pro:ect • /* Apply the %nowledge and s%ills learned in various disciplines of health sciences &epidemiology. public health services.ritically analyze the status. health education. "*$. (ealth services organization structure. $rientation to the field activities. nutrition. U it-)0 Critical A++rai&al o1 Healt( Ma a9eme t Pro1ile • • • • /* . $rientation to the district chosen for fieldwor% and logistics. hospital and other health organizations' to /* U it-*0 Pre+aratio o1 Ma a9eme t Pro1ile o1 Di&trict Healt( Pro. *roup activities in district health organizations &1+($. +repare suggestions for alternative strategy or restrengthening the management component of overcoming the wea%ness for better management. and health services research.

).• • • • environment.omprehensive 3ield +ractice &7rd Bear' 2valuation by <ocal 3iled /upervisor 2valuation by . mplement the micro health pro#ect developed as above. 2valuate micro health pro#ect developed as above. 2valuation micro health pro#ect and give suggestion and recommendations. Report on epidemiological study of diseases &area-wiseAconditional' • • • • • • • Co%r&e E'al%atio !c(eme . 1evelop a community based micro health pro#ect with ob#ectives formulated on the prioritized basis of problem and health needs. etc' to develop community based individual microhealth pro#ect.ampusA nstitute /upervisor 1istrict /eminar +resentation of 3iled @or% at .(. family planning. Role of the 1istrict +ublic (ealth $fficer in family health care delivery.mi&&io o1 Fiel7 !t%72 Re+ort& • • • 5- +repare baseline demographic and health profile of the district acquired from secondary data on the basis of which write additional specific papers on the following. A comprehensive plan to improve the effectiveness of specific aspect of the district health system. U it-40 Pre+aratio a 7 !%.ampusA nstitute 2valuation of @ritten Report &1istrict +rofile' ndividual Report on )icro-(ealth +ro#ect $ral 1efense of @ritten Report and 3iled @or% -:9 +ercent -6: +ercent -4: +ercent -49 +ercent -6: +ercent -6: +ercent -4: +ercent THE END .