# 1.

Correct lines from: • • • joule (J) to N m watt (W) to J s–1 newton (N) to kg m s–2
B2

Note: 2 marks for all correct 1 mark for two correct 0 marks for none or one correct
[2]

2.

(i)

weight in the range 200 to 1200 (N)
B1

(ii)

area in the range 0 01 to 0 0! (m2)
B1

(iii)

"ressure # (i)\$(ii) Allow: 1 sf answer
B1

[3]

3.

(a)

W # mg Allow: Use of 9.8 (m s–2) weight #1 %0 & ' !1 # 1( )2 (N) or 1( ) (N) or 1% (N) Allow: Bald 15 (N); !t not "1.50 # 10 \$ 15(N)%
B1

(*)

(i)

Net \$ resultant force (on B) is less \$ (net) force (on B) is less than its weight \$ there is tension (in the string) \$ there is a +ertical \$ u"war, \$ o""osing force (on B) Note: &!st 'a(e reference to force
B1

Kingsdale Secondary School

1

(ii)

1 s # !t - 2 at2 an, ! # 0
C1

1 1 (0 # 2 & 1 0' & t2 Allow: 2 marks for 1.)5*1.09% +f answer from (+++) +s !sed
C1

t # 1 .0 (s) Allow: 2 sf answer Allow: 2 marks +f 2.80 m +s !sed; t+me \$ 2.2) (s)
A1

(iii)

(2 # 2 & 1 0' & 1 (0 \$ ( # 0 - 1 0' & 1 .0 ,oss+ le ecf
C1

( \$ 1 )% (m s–1) \$ ( # 1 )( (m s–1) Allow: 1.) or 1.8 (m s–1)
A1

(i+)

change in +elocit/ # 2 () - 1 %0 (# 0 ') m s–1) -gnore s+gn for c'ange +n (eloc+t.
C1

0 ') acceleration # 0 000
acceleration # 102 (m s–2) Allow: 1/0 (m s–2) Special case: 2.0) − 1.50 0.0/0 accelerat+on \$ or /2 (m s–2) scores 1 mark
A1

[9]

4.

(a)

mass # 1(0 & 0 0 (# (20 kg) 020 Allow: /.0 \$ 100 (re(erse arg!ment)
B1

Kingsdale Secondary School

2

(*)

(i)

total mass # %00 - %.0 - (20 (# 1(!0 kg)
C1

total weight # 1(!0 & ' !(1) \$ total weight # 1(%20 (N)
C1

net force # 1(!0 & 1 ! \$ net force # 2..( (N)
C1

tension # 1(%20 - 2..(
C1

tension # 1 )(2) & 10( (N)
A0

Note: 1m+tt+ng one of t'e masses – can score ma2+m!m of / 1m+tt+ng two masses – can score ma2+m!m of 2 Examples: / marks +f mass of ca le +s om+tted tens+on \$ 1908 3 10000 \$ 1.2/ # 100 (N) 2 marks +f mass of ca le and 4eo4le are om+tted tens+on \$ 900 3 0905 \$ 5.8 # 10/ (N) Note: 0 marks for "tens+on \$ (m(g 3 a) \$) 1080 # (9.81 3 1.8)%

1 )2 × 10 (
(ii)
–(

stress # 0 ! × 10 ,oss+ le ecf from (+)

\$

stress =

(*)(i) 0 ! × 10 – (
C1

stress # ( %(0) & 10) (1a) Note: 5 tens+on of 1.) # 100 (N) g+(es an answer of 0.0()) # 10) (,a)
A1

[7]

5.

2he mass (of the electron) increases
M1

as its s"ee, a""roaches c * s"ee, of light \$ 0 & 10! m s–1
A1

Not6 mass "c'anges% * "electron ecomes 'ea(+er%
[2]

Kingsdale Secondary School

3

(eg: stretche. (i) 3 line with correct arrow in the . elastic *an. or .irection has length of 2( to 2. (i) Correct +ector triangle .81 (kN) 51 A1 Kingsdale Secondary School 4 .estro/e. into other forms or 2he (total) energ/ of a s/stem remains constant or (total) initial energ/ # (total) final energ/ (3W) Allow: ":nerg. <'e "or+entat+on% of t'e tr+angle +s not +m4ortant.irection has length of 1( to 1.2 kN Alternative for t'e ?1 51 marks6 1.1 %02 C1 1 % 0 (k N ) B1 (resultant force) # 2. (m s–1) or . <'e d+rect+ons of all t'ree arrows are re=!+red (resultant force)2 # 2 1(2 . !.) B1 [1] 9.1 (kn) Allow: 2 sf answer of 2. cannot e created * destro. .10cos(/5) ?1 res!ltant force \$ 1.ed * lost% B1 [1] 8.57 90. ' (m s–1) Allow: 8.85 as B19 B1 (ii) [3] 7..50cos(55) or 2.8 it can onl/ *e transferre.50cos(55) 3 2.8 (kN) Allow a scale draw+ng.1 kN and 1 mark +f > 0.\$transforme.rawn 2 1 ( (k N ) '0: Note: :24ect at least one "la el% on t'e sketc'7 eg6 2. 4small s5uares6 B1 Note: -f correct arrows are not s'own7 t'en ma2+m!m mark +s 1 com"onent # (! 0cos01 #). 7nerg/ cannot *e create. 4small s5uares6 B1 3 line with correct arrow in the 2 . 3n/ suita*le e9am"le of something straine.6. 2 marks +f answer +s w+t'+n >0.10cos(/5) res!ltant force \$ 2.107 1.

ero acceleration Not: "res!ltant force \$ drag% s+nce t'e f+rst B1 ass!mes t'+s B1 [5] 12.oss+ le ecf B1 (Constant +elocit/ im"lies) . e=!at+on C1 m \$ 1 0 & 100 & (1 2 & 10–2 & 2 0 & 10)) C1 mass of water # 2 ( & 10! (kg) A0 Kingsdale Secondary School 5 .(ii) 2 . s! Aect for t'e dens+t.ero net force \$ . (i) 1 :" # mg' an. :k # 2 m(2 (3llow Δ ' for ') Not: :k \$ mg' B1 (ii) mg' = 1 m( 2 2 B1 (2 # 2g' or ( # 2 g' B1 [3] 15.(1) (kN) . (i) m # ρ@ Allow an.

one # 2 E2 or 2 k22 or 4area un.)) # 1012 (B)% C1 1 )) × 1012 '00 "ower # C1 "ower # 1 '(.) or 0*10 # 10–2 \$ 00 or /*8 # 10–2 \$ /).) 1 1 work .(ii) loss in "otential energ/ # 2 ( & 10! & ' !1 & 2 % & 100 Allow 1 mark for "5.5 (N m–1) – 10n error Allow 1 mark for 5*12 # 10–2 \$ 01.% * "cost% B1 [6] 14.89 × 10 12 900 Note6 (\$ 8. not e9tension of the s"ring \$ s"ring has original length (of 2 0 cm) (3W) Allow6 "lengt' cannot e Dero% B1 (*) ?traight line (gra"h) \$ linear gra"h \$ force µ e9tension \$ constant gra.89 # 1012 (B) C1 00< of =17 # 0 0 & % !' & 1012 (# 1 )) & 1012) Allow 2 marks for "1.5 or 2*8 # 10–2 \$ //.0) & 10' (W) (> 2 =W) 5. (a) 2he gra"h shows length an./ or 1*0 # 10–2 \$ 25 A1 (.5 CW) scores 2 marks A0 (iii) 3n/ correct suita*le suggestion8 eg: the energ/ su""l/ is not constant\$ cannot ca"ture all the rain water \$ large area (for collection) Note: 9o not allow reference to "+neff+c+enc.ient (gra"h) Not "force µ lengt'% B1 (c) 20 force constant # 0 0( Note6 <'e mark +s for an. correct s! st+t!t+on C1 force constant # %0 (N m–1) Allow: 1 mark for 0.er gra"h6 6 Kingsdale Secondary School .

one # 0 0' (J) Note: 1 sf answer +s allowed A1 (e) @in.oss+ le ecf work . at 1 0s \$ 0 0s \$ % 0s \$ stee"est 4"art6 of gra"h \$ . final lengths weight \$ mass B1 × 2 Kingsdale Secondary School 7 .one # & 0 0 & 0 0.is"lacement # 0 Allow: 2 marks for "stee4est * ma2+m!m grad+ent% B1 [8] 13.2 . (i) Bt has ma9imum \$ large \$ increase. stress at this "oint Allow: +t 'as "same force !t t'+nner*smaller area% Not: <'+n * small area B1 (ii) 2he ta"e has ("ermanent) e9tension \$ .C1 1 1 2 work . (3W) Note: Need reference to force or stress remo(ed Allow: "Fdoes not ret!rn to or+g+nal s+De * s'a4e * lengt' w'en force * stress +s remo(ed% B1 [2] 16. the gra.ient \$ slo"e (of the tangent \$ gra"h) B1 Aa9imum s"ee. Measurement: Ciameter The term diameter to be included and spelled correctly to ain the mar! B1 3n/ two from: • • • original \$ initial length (Not: final length) e9tension \$ initial an. or 2 & %0 & 0 0.eformation when the force \$ stress is remo+e.

erline.ulus # stress\$strain \$ Goung mo.e \$ si.e an. weight Note6 5ll t'ree need to e +dent+f+ed for a mark B1 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 8 .irection Not "5 =!ant+t. \$un. t'at 'as d+rect+on% B1 (*) Circle.iameter of the wire) The term micrometer " vernier #calliper\$ to be included and spelled correctly to the ain mar!. (a) 3 5uantit/ that has (*oth) magnitu. .ient from stressFstrain gra"h (in the linear region) B1 Special case .ulus is e5ual to the gra. strain # e9tension\$original length Allow: stress \$ E*5 and stra+n \$ 2*H B1 • Goung mo. 5uantities are: accelerationH . Allow: "known masses G mg e=!at+on% !t not "known masses% B1 × 2 !eterminin" #oun" mo\$u%us: • stress # force\$(crossFsectional) area an.is"lacement an.or determinin -oun modulus: :5 Crad+ent from forceIe2tens+on gra4' +s H B1 Jo!ng mod!l!s \$ grad+ent # H*5 B1 [8] 10.Equi ment: Aicrometer \$ +ernier (calli"er) (for the . or for measuring weight) \$Newtonmeter (for the weight of hanging masses) \$ 4known6 weights use. #A%%&': (icrometer is used to measure area " radius " thic!ness ) as *&+\$ B1 3n/ two from: • • • Duler \$ (metre) rule \$ ta"e measure (for measuring the original length \$ e9tension) 2ra+elling microsco"e (for measuring e9tension) ?cales \$ *alance (for measuring the mass E mg e5uation is use.

er gra"h) 1 Allow6 <'e ?1 mark +s for F d+stance \$ 2 (10 3 20) # 0.17.! (m) Allow6 Bald 88 (m) scores 2 marks 1 Bald 2 (0 # 10) or 28 (m) scores 1 mark for "area of tr+angle% A1 (iii) 1 2 3nswer in the range: 1 1 to 1 2 (s) B1 ?ame areas un.0 C1 . Allow6 2 mark for "?onstant accelerat+on and t'en constant s4eed * (eloc+t./ \$ uniform +elocit/ (after ( s) Ir Lero acceleration Ir 2ra+els at a +elocit/ of 2( (m s–1) Allow6 "s4eed% +nstead of (eloc+t.% Kcores 2 marks A1 [7] Kingsdale Secondary School 9 . (i) Constant \$ stea.% B1 (ii) ./ \$ uniform acceleration (u" to ( s) Ir Jelocit/ increases at a stea.istance # . B1 Constant \$ stea..(0 % & 0 % & t2) Note6 <'e ?1 mark +s for s! st+t!t+on C1 t # 2 2! (s) > 2 0 (s) Allow6 Bald 2./ \$ constant \$ uniform rate Ir Kas acceleration of 0 % (m s–2) Not 5ccelerates !4 to 0 s * "!n+form mot+on% for t'e f+rst B1 mark Not "5ccelerates at a constant rate%.er gra"hs 1(t \$ 10t .istance # area (un./ (s) scores 2 marks Allow6 Bald "t \$ 2 # #iii\$.

etail: M7 ma9imum at *ottom \$ Lero (=)17 at *ottom \$ (=)17 is ma9imum at to" \$ (=)17 an./ × 2)*9.18.ontal motion \$ +elocit/ (wtte) Allow6 "-n t'+s d+rect+on t'e force * accelerat+on +s Dero% B1 (.515 s) –2 Allow6 Use of 9. +n #b\$ to ga+n t'e f+rst B1 mark B1 3n/ further .8 ( m s ) B1 Kingsdale Secondary School 10 . arrow at & 5rrow m!st e close to or at 4o+nt / B1 (*) @rom gra+itational "otential (energ/) to kinetic (energ/) \$ M7 \$ 7 k (wtte) <'e term gra(+tat+onal to e +ncl!ded and s4elled correctl. M7 at to" (wtte) Not6 Leat * so!nd at gro!nd B1 (c) 2he acceleration \$ force \$ weight is at right angles to hori.) 0.81 Allow6 t+me \$ (\$ 0. (a) Cownwar. time # ) 0 (# 0 %1( s) (1.

or: %(2 \$ !2 3 2as \$ )2 3 (2 # 9.81 # 1.5 (s) g+(es 8. m s02 B1 [1] 20. 2he mass of "articles increases (at its s"ee.(e) ! # 0 an. gets closer to the s"ee.% Allow6 (1 N \$) . of light) Not6 "we+g't of 4art+cle +ncreases% Not6 "mass c'anges * d+fferent% B1 [1] Kingsdale Secondary School 11 . ( # ! 3 at or (2 \$ !2 3 2as 4+ertical6 +elocit/ # ' !1& 0 %(1() or 4+ertical6 +elocit/ # 2 × ' !1 × 1 0 'atch out . ! # .8%I t'+s scores no marks eca!se of wron 4'. C1 4+ertical6 +elocit/ # % 0 (m s–1) Note6 Cett+ng an answer 5. (@orce is 1 N) when a 1 '" mass has an acceleration of 1 m s( Not6 "1 kg and 1 m s0. (m s ) Note6 Us+ng t \$ 0.0 (m s–1) scores t'e f+rst 2 marks C1 (2 # ) 02 ./) \$ 8.) A0 –1 [8] 19.s+cs.s+s !s+ng t'e 4r+nc+4le of conser(at+on of energ..55 (m s–1) Note6 Bald answer scores Dero marks – s+nce t'+s +s a "s'ow% =!est+on (5llow f!ll marks for correct anal.% 02 C1 ( # ! .

istance (*etween forces) Not6 "force # 4er4end+c!lar d+stance% B1 [1] Kingsdale Secondary School 12 . E # )2 & 1 ( (# 100 ! N) \$ weight # )2 & ' !1 (# )0. tor5ue of a cou"le # one of forces & "er"en.21.rag force changes with s"ee.icular . \$ acceleration is not constant B1 [3] 23.52 to at least 2 sf scores 1 mark A1 [3] 22.()2 & 1 () C1 < # !0) (N) or !10 (N) Note6 Bald answer scores / marks Bald 805. 02 N) Note6 Bald 101 (N) or )08 (N) scores 1 mark C1 < # ()2 & ' !1) . answer m!st e 2 sf or more A1 (ii) 2he . (i) net force # 120 (N) C1 120 a # '00 a # 0 10 (m s–2) Note6 Bald answer scores 2 marks.

20 (N) Note6 Bald answer scores / marks Allow6 1 mark for 21.)2 (N m) or 21)2 (N cm) A1 [3] Kingsdale Secondary School 13 . tr+al and error f+nd a 4os+t+on w'ere t'e 4late alances% B1 × 3 [3] 26. the +ertical line) 0 Kang from another "oint \$ "lace (an. elow%*"d+rectl. elow% t'e 4+(ot Meference to 4+(ot * 4o+nt / (wtte) +s essent+al B1 [3] 25. 3n/ three from: 1 (?us"en. "late from a "oint an.o with 4.uce. (a) 2or5ue an.(.istance from "i+ot is (re.0 . (sum of) clockwise moment(s) # (sum of ) anticlockwise moment(s) Not6 "?W& \$ 5?W&% C1 (1! & 0 1() . to fin.raw another +ertical line) (wtte) ( Where the lines intersect gi+es "osition of centre of gra+it/ (wtte) Note6 Eor 1st 4o+nt acce4t "mark l+ne of str+ng% Allow6 1 mark for "B. 0 & 0 (0 moment # 2 ( (N m) B1 (ii) Weight \$ force acts through the "i+ot Ir ("er"en. */ force6 B1 (*) (i) moment # . then) mark a +ertical line on the "late (wtte) 2 1lum* line \$ 4"en. to) . +n cm C1 E > .istance multi"lie.24.ero (wtte) Allow6 we+g't +s "(ert+call.icular) .0 02) # 0 00%E Allow6 work+ng +n cons+stentl. moment are to .ulum6 (use. .

(N) > 2% (N) We+g't +n t'e range 22 – 2) (N) A0 Kingsdale Secondary School 14 . EL # 20cos0! # 1% ).12 0 .iagram 5t least one la el needed (e. (N) > 2% (N) A0 FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF Ir FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF correct triangle of forces .27. forces C1 weight # 12 0 .g6 207 correct angle7 etc) – arrows not needed C1 correct . > 1% ! (N) Allow6 2 sf answers of 18 (N) and 12 (N) B1 E@ # 20sin0! # 12 01 > 120 0 (N) Allow6 1 mark +f (ert+cal and 'or+Dontal com4onents 'a(e een +nterc'anged B1 [2] 28.oss+ le ecf from E@ (al!e from #a\$ C1 weight # 2( . (i) net force +erticall/ # 0 \$ weight # u"war.etermination of weight C1 weight # 2( .

(ii) 2% mass # ' !1 2 %% # (kg) Note6 2.51 kg +f 20. B1×2 Kingsdale Secondary School 15 . O \$ 8820 (kg m–/) Note6 Bald 8.51 kg +s !sed Allow6 2 marks +f g \$ 10 !sed and 25 N N 2.ient of roa.H massH con.ition of *rakesH con.ition of t/resH con..istance # thinking . sto""ing .ition of roa.ensit/ # ! ! & 100 (kg m–0) Note6 "we+g't*(ol!me% scores Dero Note6 5nswer +s 8.)# 10/ or 8. 3n/ two factors from: s"ee. Allow6 P: +f ne+t'er mass nor s4eed +s ment+oned.8 N +s !sed C1 2 %% −( .ensit/ # 2 ' × 10 C1 .5 kg .H gra.istance .8 # 10/ scores / marks Allow6 1 mark +f 20 N +s !sed +nstead of 25 N – t'+s g+(es )0/0 (kg m–/) A1 [5] 29.) # 10/ +f 2.istance B1 [1] 30.*raking ..

etermine. 1 2 0 (?e+eral) satellites use.istance N s"ee.io wa+es \$ microwa+es an.etermine.istance is affecte. means greater . means less friction therefore greater . . 7 g: • =reater s"ee.escri"tion of how *raking .istance Ir .@or each factorH correct .istance is . B1 Cistance from (each) satellite is . once. using c \$ s"ee.2 (ora) • =reater mass means greater .istance (ora) Eor descr+4t+on marks7 reference to "d+stance% +nstead of " rak+ng d+stance% +s f+ne Eor 1st !llet 4o+nt allow reference to k+net+c energ.istance (ora) • Wet \$ sli""er/ \$ ic/ roa.7on all occas+ons7 to ga+n t'+s f+rst (or second) B1 mark (9ed!ct t'+s mark onl. of e m wa+es \$ ra. Allow6 "more% or "longer% +nstead of "greater% w'en referr+ng to d+stance 9o not allow "gr+4% for fr+ct+on for /rd and 0t' !llet 4o+nts B1×2 [4] 31.istance N mass (ora) • Worn t/res \$ *rakes im"lies less friction therefore greater .) 9o not allow t'+s 0t' mark for A!st a d+agram of +ntersect+ng s4'eres * c+rcles B1 [4] Kingsdale Secondary School 16 .istance (ora) • O"hill means shorter . to locate the "osition of the car Ir "osition of car is where circles \$ s"heres cross (wtte) Note6 <'e term "satell+te(s)% to e +ncl!ded and s4elled correctl.ela/ time (wtte) B1 ( 2rilateration is use.istance Ir . B1 1osition \$ .

e when the force \$ stress is remo+e. elastic "otential (energ/) \$ strain (energ/) Note6 <'e cand+dates do not need to +ncl!de "energ.oes not return to original length \$ sha"e\$ si.11. deformed% B1 (ii) (iii) %0 times (stronger) B1 Pess mass \$ less weight \$ lighter B1 ?tronger \$ greater tensile strength B1 [5] Kingsdale Secondary School 17 . (i) (ii) 0 0% × 10 −0 12 strain # # 2 '(2) & 10–( B1 stress # 1 ' & 1011 & 2 '2 & 10–( (# % %% & 10) 1a) tension # % %% & 10) & 1 ( & 10–) C1 tension # ) ! (N) . <'ere m!st e reference to stress * force remo(ed to score t'+s mark Note6 -f t'ere +s no reference to !nload+ng t'en allow "mater+al +s 4ermanentl.% * "elast+c energ.% s+nce +t +s +n t'e stem of t'e =!est+on Not6 "stored energ. (i) 1 2 10–' (m) B1 Aaterial .oss+ le ecf from b#i\$ Allow6 Bald answer scores 2 marks A1 [3] 34.% B1 [1] 33.

Allow6 E!ll cred+t can e g+(en for a scale draw+ng 2 marks +f answer +n t'e range (/)0 – /80) 1 mark +f answer +n t'e range (/80 – /)0) or (/80 – /90) Note6 Bald answer to 2sf or more and no d+agram scores 2*/ marks.1002 \$ s # (0. (km) \$ 0)0 (km) <'e (ector tr+angle m!st 'a(e at least two la els (/807 100 and s – allow # or d for s).irection Not6 1ne +s a (ector and t'e ot'er a scalar B1 [2] 35. (a) (i) a # gra.oes not ha+e . in metre\$m Allow6 Bot' 'a(e t'e same !n+t*Bot' 'a(e "magn+t!de% Not6 Bot' are d+stance*lengt' B1 (ii) Cistance is a scalar\$.irection or Cis"lacement is a +ector\$has . (i) Qoth measure.ient\$slo"e (of the line) Allow6 a \$ c'ange +n (eloc+t.*t+me or "rate of c'ange of Kingsdale Secondary School 18 . <'e "or+entat+on% of t'e tr+angle m!st e as s'own. (i) 0 .0) 2 + 100 2 C1 s # 0)0 .02 . -gnore t'e d+rect+on of t'e arrows. × 10 % time # 1)0 time # 2 1(1!) & 100 (s) or 2 1 & 100 (s) Note6 5nswer to 2sf or more +s re=!+red B1 (ii) Correct +ector triangle 7g: 1 0 0 (k m ) 3 6 0 (k m ) s B1 K2 # 0. A1 [4] 37.32.

% Allow6 ?orrect e=!at+on 4l!s la els.2 (m s–2) scores 2*2 marks Bald 8 (m s–2) scores 1*2 A1 Kingsdale Secondary School 19 . a \$ (( –!)*t. ( \$ f+nal (eloc+t. and t \$ t+me Note6 <'e term grad+ent*slo4e*c'ange* +n+t+al to e +ncl!ded and s4elled correctl.7 ! \$ +n+t+al (eloc+t. (m s–2) or ! 2 (m s–2) Note6 <'e ?1 mark +s for s! st+t!t+on +nto t'e e=!at+on g+(en +n #b\$ w+t' ! \$ 0 Note6 Bald answer of 8.(eloc+t.18 (m s–2) or 8. to ga+n mark B1 (ii) s # area (un.er the gra"h) B1 (*) area of 4rectangle6 # 4!t6 1 area of 4triangle6 # 2 & t & (( – !) M1 1 area of 4triangle6 # 2 & t & at Note6 <'e second &1 mark +s not for "Q at2% !t for "Q # t #at% Allow6 "5rea of tra4eD+!m met'od%6 1 s \$ 2 (! 3 ()t and ( \$ ! 3 at &1 ?orrect s! st+t!t+on lead+ng to correct answer &1 Note6 K! st+t!t+on met'od start+ng w+t' (2 \$ !2 3 2as scores Dero M1 (c) (i) 1 02 # 2 & a & 2 !2 02 × 2 2 a# 2! C1 a # ! 1.

Allow6 "drag R s4eed% as B19. +s reac'ed 3n/ t)o from: Crag increases (with s"ee.) \$.ecreases \$ weight S . Allow6 5ccelerat+on decreases Allow6 !4ward force(s) \$ downward force*"forces alanced% B1 Kingsdale Secondary School 20 .2 Net or resultant or total force .ore term+nal (eloc+t.rag N s"ee. +nstead of s4eed. (a) R immediately after A!m4+ng Inl/ force is the weight\$. or +elocit/ (3W) Alternatives acce4ted for drag are6 fr+ct+on*a+r res+stance Allow6 "Las accelerat+on of freeIfall*d!e to gra(+t. weight # .rag 3cceleration is less than g B1 B1 B1 F at term+nal (eloc+t.(ii) Crag\$air resistance\$air friction (makes the time longer) Not6 "Meact+on t+me%*"w+nd% B1 [7] 38.% as alternat+(e for second B1 mark Allow6 (eloc+t.rag # 0\$net force # weight acceleration # g\$' !(1 m s–2) (3llow 4mg6 for weight Co not allow 4gra+it/6 for weight ) B1 B1 F be.rag \$ net force # 0 acceleration # 0 \$constant s"ee.

one Not6 &+2t!re of =!ant+t+es and !n+ts7 e.one # force & . 2his is *ecause of heat\$thermal energ/\$friction Not6 so!nd*(+ rat+ons B1 [1] Kingsdale Secondary School 21 . transfer M1 A1 [2] 41.ient\$slo"e is the same\$e5ual to g 0 2ime taken to reach terminal +elocit/ is longer Allow6 -n+t+al accelerat+on +s t'e same*g*9.8 (1 m s–2) B1×2 [9] 39. in the .irection of the force Allow6 "d+s4lacement% +nstead of "d+stance% Allow6 1 mark for "force # d+stance +n t'e d+rect+on of t'e force% Not6 work done \$ energ.g6 "energ.istance mo+e. work .one)\$time or "ower # energ/\$time or "ower # rate of work . 4er second% B1 [1] 42. to) heat\$thermal (energ/) Not6 "Er+ct+on%*so!nd B1 (c) 3n/ t)o from: 1 2he terminal +elocit/ increases 2 Bnitial gra.(*) (2ransforme. "ower # work (.

28 # 108 B) <'+s ?1 mark can also e scored !s+ng6 "d+stance \$ 2.one # 1%000 (J s–1) B1 FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF 2 4out"ut energ/6 # 1! & (.) # 105 (B) A1 (ii) 0 . +s not !sed 2*/ +f /0 kW from ii +s !sed.0) # 108*500% .oss+ le ecf B1 (iii) 1 work .88 # 108 m +f 25S eff+c+enc. & 0 2% (# 2 0) & 10! J) C1 1! × (.0 or 2. × 0 2% 1%000 total . ro!nded answer of /.% \$ 18 # 08 # 108 (\$ 8.1 # 105 (m) scores /*/ 2*/ for 1.ri+e time # (# 1 0! & 10(s) C1 total . Allow6 Bald 0.ri+e . & 10.805 # 105 (B) or /.oss+ le ecf from +++ 1. × 10 .one # %00 & 00 work .8 # 105 (B) scores 2*2 marks Allow6 1 mark for wrongl.% & 10% (J) Note6 Bald answer /. (i) 1 :k # 2 m(2 \$ 1 :k # 2 & !10 & 002 C1 :k # 0 . answer 2.1 # 105 (m) A1 [7] Kingsdale Secondary School 22 .istance # 1 0! & 10( & 00 # ( 1 & 10% (m) Allow6 "+n4!t energ.(% & 10% (J) or 0 .40.% × 10 % 12 "ower # "ower # 0 0( & 10( (W) & 0 0 & 10( (W) .

u" the ram" B1 (ii) E # W sinT B1 [3] 46.43. (i) N is normal to the ram" (ju. */ e/e) 5llow marks e(en +f t'e la els N and E are om+tted B1 E is "arallel an.ge.% clockwise moment(s) # anticlockwise moment(s) Note6 <'e term "clockw+se% to e +ncl!ded and s4elled correctl. answer: "Eor e=!+l+ r+!m of an o Aect t'e s!m of clockw+se moments a o!t a 4o+nt \$ s!m of ant+clockw+se moments a o!t t'e same 4o+nt. (i) 79"ecte. to ga+n t'e &1 mark Note6 "net moment \$ 0% +s e=!+(alent to t'e &1 mark M1 Deference to one of the moments taken a*out a "oint\$4e5uili*rium6\$sum (or total or net or U) mentione. once Note6 -f &1 +s lost for +ncorrect s4ell+ng of "clockw+se%7 t'en allow t'+s 51 mark A1 Kingsdale Secondary School 23 .

(ii)

200 & 12 # E & )%
C1

E # 02 (N) Note6 Bald answer of /2 (N) scores 2*2 marks
A1

(iii)

02 −% 4 # . 0 × 10 ,oss+ le ecf
C1

"ressure # % 0 & 10% (1a) Note6 Bald answer of 5./ # 105 (,a) scores 2*2 marks
A1

(i+)

(1ressure is) greater
B1

*ecause the force\$E is larger (to "ro+i,e the same moment)
B1

[8]

47.

(a)

time # . ' & 0 1. & 10) (# 2 1! & 10! s)
C1

% 0 × 1012 ) a+erage s"ee, # . ' × 0 1. × 10
a+erage s"ee, # 2 2' & 10( or 2 0 & 10( (m s–1) Allow6 1 mark for 5.0 # 1012*8.9 \$ ).2(08) # 1011 (m .–1)
5.0 × 10 12
) Allow6 1 mark for /.18 × 10 \$ 1.58 #105(m s–1)

A1

Kingsdale Secondary School

24

(*)

,istance # 0 )0 & 200 (# 1(0 mm) or M7 # V & ( 0 & 10–. & .1002 ( # )( ( J)
C1

work ,one # change in M7

1 E & (0 )0 & 10 & 200) # 2 & ( 0 & 10–. & .1002
–0

C1

E # %00 (N) Note6 Bald answer scores /*/ marks
A1

FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF or FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF E # ma
C1

.100 2 −0 a # 2 × (0 )0 × 10 × 200) (# 1 00 & 10!)
C1

E # ( 0 & 10–. & 1 00 & 10! E # %00 (N) Note6 0.5/ (N) scores 2*/ eca!se of 10n error +n d+stance 1.08 # 105 (N) scores 2*/ eca!se "200% not taken +nto acco!nt 108 (N) scores 1*/ eca!se "200% m+ssed o!t and 10n error
A1

[5]

45.

?traight line through origin (ju,ge */ e/e)
B1

Correct sha"e of cur+e in the "lastic region
B1

[2]

44.

Co""er
B1

[1]

Kingsdale Secondary School

25

48.

Aa9imum stress material can withstan, (*efore fracture) Allow6 U<K \$ reak+ng stress Allow6 U<K \$ reak+ng force *(crossIsect+onal) area
B1

[1]

49.

e9tension (or com"ression) N force (as long as elastic limit is not e9cee,e,) Allow6 "load% +nstead of force Not6 2 R E7 !nless t'e la els are def+ned
[1]

50.

(i)

force # )% & 0 0!%
C1

E # . 0! (N) > . ( (N)
A1

(ii)

. 0! −0 acceleration # 2 % × 10 acceleration # 2%%0 (m s–2)

k2 − mg m Note6 a \$ g+(es 2500 (m s–2)
,oss+ le ecf
B1

(iii)

1 1 Correct selection of e5uation: mg' \$ 2 k22 ≠ 2 E2
C1

1 0 002% & ' !1 & ' # 2 & )% & 0 0!%2
C1

height # 11 (m) Note6 Bald answer of 11 (m) scores /*/ marks
A1

[6]

Kingsdale Secondary School

26

(a) (i) (ii) "ower is the rate of work . # . correctl/ to score the mark Q1 Q1 Q1 [6] (iii) ?calar has magnitu.irections (wtte) * at an/ "eak or trough \$ A \$ B \$ 0 0 (s) \$ . .irectionH e g: +elocit/ 54. (m s–2) E # ma \$ @ # 1 % & 10% & 2 . (i) a # .istance \$ s"ee. E # 0 ' & 10% (N) (1ossi*le ecf) s # (! .one \$ "ower # energ/\$time When a force of 1 N mo+es 1 m in the .%\$2% a # 2 .ient is e5ual to +elocit/ 2he girl tra+els in two o""osite .%) & 2%\$2 Q1 C1 C1 31 C1 31 Q2 [8] (ii) (c) De. s"elle. is the rate of change of . (i) ?"ee.e onl/H e g: s"ee.51. fin. (i) (ii) (iii) 2he gra.e an.is"lacement\$time 2he term d+s4lacement to *e inclu. gra.istance\$time Cetermine the circumference of the circle \$ Ose 2Wr to fin. 0 (s) Craw tangent at ma9imum gra. # circumference\$time) Q1 Q1 Q1 (ii) Jelocit/ is the rate of change of .istance Aeasure the time for one re+olution (using a sto"watch) (s"ee.ientsH uncertaint/ # X . .. an.ient of gra"h Craw two tangents an.e.()t \$ 2 \$ s # !10 ≈ !10 (m) s # (0 .ients\$28 resultH e g X0 1msF1 Q2 Q1 Q2 [5] 58.uce the mass of the aircraft Correct e9"lanationH e g: ?maller mass means greater acceleration (wtte) 53.one is e5ual to 1 joule Q1 Q1 Kingsdale Secondary School 27 . Jelocit/ has *oth magnitu.ifference in gra.irection of the forceH then the work .is"lacement \$ +elocit/ # change in . (a) (*) 3cceleration is the rate of change of +elocit/ \$ a # (( – !)\$t with s/m*ols e9"laine.

(i) (:k # 1\$2 m(2) 28 Kingsdale Secondary School .one # (2% – 1' #) . an.istance u" the slo"e # 0 '\$sin00 (#) !) (Work # E2) force # (%!)0\$) !#) # )%0 (N) (). (kJ) (% !)0 kJ if 1'100 J use.(*) 2he com"onent of the force in the . the car sto"s 2hinking . (i) (ii) Qraking .e.' N if .e. from the gra"h force constant # 12\$0 0!0 force constant # 1%0 (N m–1) A1 31 (*) C1 31 C1 (ii) 20 e9tensionH 2 # 12 & !0 (# 100 00) (mm) (: # V E2) energ/ # V & 2\$ & 100 00 & 10–0 energ/ # 1 00 (J) 2he s"ring has not e9cee. its elastic limit (elastic "otential energ/ # kinetic energ/) 1 2 1 k2 = m( 2 2 2 m an.istance tra+elling */ the car when the *rakes are a""lie.) C1 32 [5] 60. k are constantH therefore 2 µ ( 31 Q1 (iii) (i+) A1 A1 [9] 52.ri+er to react Q1 Q1 [2] 57. an.irectl/ "ro"ortional to the a""lie. force as long as the elastic limit is not e9cee. */ the car in the time taken */ the .irection of the force is EcosT 2he term com4onent to *e inclu.) .istance tra+elle.e. (i) :" # mg' :" # %00 & ' !1 & 0 ' :" # 1'100 > 1'000 (J) C1 31 (ii) (iii) work .) (i) Correct "air of +alues rea. correctl/ to gain the mark Q1 [3] 56. s"elle. (a) 2he e9tension of a s"ring is .istance is the .000 J use.istance is the .

(% 0 & ' !1 & 0 () # 0 !E E # !) (N) 2hese forces are o""osite *ut not e5ual in magnitu. (a) (*) Goung mo.e.eFim"act *ars \$ etc Q1 [1] 64.istance to sto" Cecreases the (im"act) force on the .(2 & a & 2() a # (–)! 0 (m s–2) C1 31 C1 31 [4] 55.ri+er from hitting the steering wheel \$ win.ero 2aking moments a*out AH we ha+e ?um of clockwise moments # sum of anticlockwise moments (0 2% & 200) .ulus # stress\$strain (3s long as elastic limit is not e9cee.ones \$ si.uces the "ressure Q1 & ( [4] 61.ero 2he net moment (a*out an/ "oint) must also *e . & 10% (J) (ii) ((2 # !2 .screen Ceflates 5uickl/ to "re+ent whi"lash Bncreases the time\$. NoH *ecause the "ercentage of .2as) 0 # 202 .e Q1 Q1 C1 C1 31 Q1 [6] (c) 62.ri+er Auch wi.ri+ers wearing seat *elts is the same 2here must *e other factors like safer cars \$ crum*le .) ?train has no units *ecause it is the ratio of two lengths Q1 Q1 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 29 . (a) (*) 2he net force acting on the o*ject must *e . +our from: 1re+ents the .:k # V & !00 & 202 :k # 1 .er area of the *ag re.

irection 3t !: same si.irection 3t B ma9imum height (therefore no +ertical com"onent) 3t C .irection of motion has change.istance .own to original s"ee.e *ut o""osite .irection to the motion of the +ehicle that *rings the +ehicle to rest) Q1 Q1 [2] (ii) Qraking .own *eing the same as that going u" Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [8] 70.65. (.e \$ no change an. o""osite \$ negati+e .irection to starting +elocit/) *all has accelerate.ue to gra+it/) .istance tra+elle.ea of time or . no change for all three hori. */ the roa.istance is the .ero \$ less than \$ smaller 3t C: smaller an.own \$ +ertical com"onent increases as acceleration is +erticall/ . (i) Qraking force is the frictional force a""lie. \$ falling *ack . to when the +ehicle sto"s Kingsdale Secondary School 30 . from the time the *rakes are a""lie. (a) (*) 3rrows of the correct length ± 2 mm (i) (ii) (iii) 3t B: . \$ i. on the t/re (in the o""osite .ontal com"onent since no air resistance \$ no com"onents of forces in this .own 3t ! (+elocit/ is same magnitu.ontal com"onents Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 (c) No change in hori.

(i) (ii) Work # force × .istance mo+e. # out"ut "ower use. (i) Minetic energ/ # ½ m +2 # ½ 10!0 × (01 1)2 # .oing work \$ work .)0)% (J) (.irection of the force 1ower # rate of . # 1% . (s) 17 # mgh 17 \$ t # (1()00 × 2%) \$ 1% .istance @ # .) (N) C1 31 C1 (iii) @ # ma # 10!0 × 10 00 # 10!00 (10!(.) kJ) .one "er unit time Q1 Q1 [2] 66.) (N) 31 [7] 71. # 2(000 or "ower # @ × + # 1()00 × 1 . \$ ...is"lacement in the . C1 31 C1 C1 (J s–1) 31 Q1 [7] (ii) (iii) time # 2% \$ 1 . # 2(000 (20%20) (20%20) (i+) (gain in 17 "er secon. ) × 10 (J) % C1 C1 31 (ii) +2 # u2 + 2as 0 # (01 1)2 + 2 × a × (! 2 a # 10 0(0) (m s–2) or work # force × .ue to friction in lifting mechanism Kingsdale Secondary School 31 .)0)% \$ (! 2 # 10!00 (10!(. (i) 2ension # Weight \$ mg # 1 % × 100 × ' ! # 1()00 (N) using g #10 –1 C1 31 31 C1 or (J s–1) 1()00 × 1 .. to lift weight) "ower # 2(000 (20%20) (W) \$ allow those answers that suggest greater .59.

not in o""osite .67.0 (N) (ii) Not a cou"le as forces are not e5ual an. e5uate. (i) (ii) ?tress # force \$ crossFsectional area ?train # e9tension \$ original length Q1 Q1 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 32 .2.00 – 1((0 # 21. (i) Aoment is the force × the "er"en.0' (.irection (iii) 1#@\$3 # 1((0 \$ 2 0 × 10–2 # .icular −1H missing from the force to the "i+ot \$ "oint −1) Q2 (ii) 2or5ue of a cou"le: one of the forces 2 "er"en. correct moment an. 0 × 10() unit 1a or N m–2 [9] 72.istance from (the line of action of) the force to the "i+ot\$"oint (missing "er"en.icular . to first moment C2 30 C1 or 0. (i) 1 0.00 × 1 0 # Y × 2 % one mark for one correct momentH one mark for the secon.00 × 1 % # G × 2 % 31 Q1 Q1 C1 Q1 Q1 2 Y # 1((0 (N) G # 0.istance *etween (the lines of action of) the forces Q1 [3] 68.irections \$ the forces are in the same .icular .

ero 3s gra.ecreasing 3s gra.ient is .ero (ax 1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Kingsdale Secondary School 33 .ient is .ero Bncreasing +elocit/ \$ in o""osite\$ negati+e . (i) 1 2 7lastic as returns to original length (when loa. for measuring the e9tension e g le+elling micrometer an.ient increases 2he +elocit/ is then constant 3s the gra. (a) 3t t # 0 \$ at start +elocit/ is . com"arison wire or fi9e. marker \$ "ointer Q1 C1 C1 31 [8] (iii) 7 # stress \$ strain # (2% × 1 )2) \$ (1 ! × 10–) × 1 20 × 10–0) # 1 '' × 1011 (1a) 74.ero as gra.irection 3s gra.ient is constant Jelocit/ . scale "lus +ernier or tra+elling microsco"e an.ecreases 3s gra.ero 2he +elocit/ then increases 3s gra.ient is negati+e (an.ient . increasing) Jelocit/ .) Kooke6s law is o*e/e.ient is .ient is .69.ecreases 2hen +elocit/ is . is remo+e. as force is "ro"ortional to the e9tension 79am"le of +alues gi+en in su""ort from ta*le Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 (ii) Aeasure (original) length with a (metre) rule \$ ta"e ?uita*le metho.ecreasing Bt comes to rest as gra.

ient is increasing) car is accelerating (2hen no change in gra.' !1 & t 2hus t # 1 %0 s (1) Jertical fall / # ut .e.oes not change with time (1) Jerticall/H the time of flight is gi+en */ 1% # 0 .irection (as +elocit/ .ontal com"onent .ient) no acceleration 2hen (+elocit/ .ecreases) (ax 2 Zma9 of three for statements[ ?13= ID=3NB?32BIN Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [11] 77.0 # 22 '% m (1) 2 (*) 1 (ii) 2 (iii) 1 Kingsdale Secondary School 34 . # 2(0 \$ 1% !) # 1% 12 m s–1 (1) (i) 2o "ro. */ the gra.1) 2 . */ time taken 2he +elocit/ can *e . allow 1 mark for correct calculation of 11 ()m) Kori.V at2 # 1% & 1 %0 . (a) Aean time of flight # (1( ! .(*) 3cceleration is change in +elocit/ .eceleration continues 2hen . +ertical com"onents must *e e5ual 3n.etermine.ecrease) .eceleration occurs 2hen (+elocit/ increases) acceleration in o""osite .1% .uce a +ector at (%: the hori.eceleration in original .V ' !1 (1 %0)2 # 11 () m (1) (3llow 1 mark for correct su*stitution in an/ a""ro"riate formula an. the 1% m s–1 hori.i+i.ient of (tangent to cur+e) gra"h Zma9 of two for e9"lanations[ (=ra.ontal jum" 9 # ut . ) \$ 0 # 1% !) s (1) Aa9imum s"ee.V at2 # 0 .ontal an.irection or .

17 lost through fall of 11 ()m # 1'0%0J (3llow 1 mark for M7 # V m+ 2 1 mark for correct use of 1%m s–1 an. & 21 22 (1) # 1'0%0 J (1) or M7 at ram" # M7 on take off . W (1) 00< of (a)(i+) # 0 0 & 1 .uction of CI2 (1) eg there ma/ *e .% & 10. & 10. (a) (i) J # Wr2l # & 202 & 1% (1) # 1! !00 m0 ()% (00 allow V) (1) mass # 1! !00 & 1 0 # 2( %00 kg (1) Vm+2 with m from (ii) an.) (i) 2 1 (ii) Kingsdale Secondary School 35 .% & 10.ea well e9"laine. (1) eg lower efficienc/ more air is 4lost6 *etween the *la.anger of *reaking u" (1) 2 1 (ii) (iii) 2 (i+) 2 (*) (i) (ii) 1 2 1 (c) (i) (ii) 2 (. + # 1% m s–1 (1) # 2 ). (J) (1) recognises that this is . & 10. (1) relate .a/ when there is high .a/s when there is little win. W # ( '% & 10% W (%00 000) (1) 1000 \$V # 2000 (1)(1) eg no "ro. (2) . & 2 ). # 1 . 1 mark for correct calculation of M7) 0 [9] 82.es A3YBAOA 2 for one i.es more M 7 of win.) .(i+) Desultant +elocit/ # 1% \$ Cos (% # 1% & # 21 2 m s–1 (1) Minetic 7nerg/ # V m+2 # V & !. to su""l/ eg on a (col. after "assing *la.eman.es more +i*ration of *la.eman.0< of "re+ious figure (1) # 0 .

(a) (i) 1 Kori. en+ironmental "ro*lems longer su""l/ lines nee.(iii) huge num*ers of tur*ines woul.ifferent . +ertical com"onent # 2(sin00 # 12 (12 0) (N) C1 31 31 A1 30 (ii) (iii) +ertical force # .ero or forces nee. arrows for C1 mark) C1 31 Q1 Q1 C1 (i+) !0 ()' !)(N) \$ e5ual to (iii) allow ecf the resultant force nee.ownwar. correct la*els an. to *alance a*o+e +alue to gi+e no acceleration or constant +elocit/ (*) (i) 1#@\$3 # )) \$ ( 2 × 10–0 # 1!000 (1!000) (1a) (ii) more \$ increases . \$ +ertical com"onent (of 1) will *e greater (for larger angles) [11] 31 Q1 73. *e re5uire.e. e9"lanation (1) for e9tra .s to *e .ontal force # 20 ! (note ecf for 20 ! com"onent) resultant # Z()))2 + (20 !)2[1\$2 # !0 ()' !) (N) (or */ +ector triangle nee. 2he (single) "oint where the weight of an o*ject (ma/ *e taken to) acts Weak answers score one onl/ e g where the weight acts Q2 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 36 . as win. tur*ines will *e in out of the wa/ "laces (2) for main argument an.etail 0 [18] 74. for *ase loa.% + 12 # )) hori.ontal com"onent # 2(cos00 # 21 (20 !) (N) 2. con+entional stations still re5uire.

t # 0 ('((. (ii) 3 # 0%0 − .0 .) (m s–1) 31 C1 (ii) 1 hori.istance \$ time 2 +ertical com"onent # u + at # 0 + ' !1 × 0 ('% # ( !.istri*ution of the) mass of the lawn mower is not uniform Ine correct moment a*out 3 state. 31 C1 31 [9] 76.( () (N) 3 goes .s greater force to "ro.ulus # stress \$ strain Q1 [1] Kingsdale Secondary School 37 . # 2!.) Q # .s to go u" (to maintain the same turning effect) Q1 [6] 83. (m s–1) (*) (loss of \$ change in) "otential energ/ # mgh # .uce the same moment \$ if . Goung mo. (i) 1 2.own an.)(J) 2 sf nee.) s C1 31 31 30 C1 # 11 ' \$ 0 ('% # 2( 0(. 2he (.0 . s # V × a × t2 t2 # 2 ( \$ ' !1 \$ 0 2((. Q goes u" 2urning effect of Q is less \$ Q nee.e.81. × 10–2 × ' !1 × 1 2 # 0 )1 (0 )0.own force nee.istance goes . Q × 110 or 0%0 × 20 Q # (0%0 × 20) \$ 110 (moments e5uate.ontal com"onent # . (a) (i) s # ut + V at2 1 20 # 0 + V × ' !1 × t2 or u # 0 an. (N) Q1 Q1 30 31 Q1 Q1 3.

(J) (ii) +2 # u2 + 2as a # F 2.) C1 31 C1 (iii) Ciameter for C is half = hence area is ] of = 79tension is ( & greater 2ension re5uire.one # @ × . strain # e \$ l (! × 10–() @ # (7 × 3 × e) \$ l # (2 × 1011 × % 1 × 10–) × ( 0 × 10–() \$ 0 % #!2 (N) (!1 . \$ %2 # 1'(00 (N) Q1 (*) (i) C1 C1 31 31 Q1 C1 31 [8] Kingsdale Secondary School 38 . % unit: m s–2 (iii) using @ # ma # 0000 × . % # 1'%00 (N) or work .79. is the same # !2 (N) 31 Q1 [7] (i+) 2he e9tension is "ro"ortional to the force \$ Kooke6s law (IW27) 85.2 \$ (2 × %2) . × 10! an. (a) Parge surface area (of t/res) (in contact with roa. × 10–) \$ 0 % # % 1(0) × 10–) m2 Q1 Q1 30 (ii) 7 # (@ × l) \$ (3 × e) \$ stress # @ \$ 3 (1 .)2 # 101(000 (J) 1 01 × 10. (i) Censit/ # mass \$ +olume 3rea × length # mass \$ . M # V m+2 # 0 % × 0000 × (2. @ # 1 01 × 10.eceleration # .) large area in contact with the roa.ensit/ 3rea # (2 0 × 10–0) \$ ()!00 × 0 %) or 2 %.

^WC ?13= (greater than two errors) 27CKNBC3P P3N=O3=7 Q( Q1 Q1 [12] Kingsdale Secondary School 39 . Aa9imum of si9 marking "oints re5uire.ontal motion: • • Bnitial +elocit/ is the same as the aircraft 3ir resistance will re. (. is constant 3cceleration is .irection of fall @all with arms to the si.uce area in .own) is g \$ ' ! m s–2 Bnitial force (.own) increases 3cceleration . "h/sics mark Aa9imum of four marking "oints re5uire.) Q1 gi+es less . effect Q2 Q1 Q1 [4] (ii) smaller mass same force gi+es larger .rag force ?"ee. first \$ fall +erticall/ \$ re. (*) • • • • De. (.e \$ in line with *o.uce air resistance @all hea.r/ \$ wet more \$ less friction longer \$ shorter ./ Wear tight fitting clothes \$ smooth surface =oo./ \$ streamline *o.uce this hori. (a) Jertical motion: • • • • • • • • • Bnitial s"ee.istance u" slo"e \$ .istance ice surface less friction greater .own slo"e refer to weight com"onent an.own) is weight \$ no .own) is .ero Bnitial acceleration (.istance .ecreases Crag force increases (with s"ee.) \$ force is weight − air resistance Deaches terminal +elocit/ \$ s"ee. (i) smooth \$ rough surface less \$ more friction longer \$ shorter .eceleration or less *raking force (from offFroa.ero Crag force e5uals weight Aa9imum of % marks for +ertical motion Kori.81.ontal +elocit/ Q.eceleration Q1 86.

Kingsdale Secondary School 40 .

/our knees \$ use leg muscles to .icular .e.87. close to /our *o. section F "lastic (1) 1 2 [3] 85. (i) (ii) =ra"h through origin with (short) linear section then re.istance to the "i+ot is large (1) (@irst 0 "oints .o some of the lifting • *ack is strong in com"ression \$ weak in shearH etc ( [9] 79. (a) 1 7 at to" # !0 & ' !(1) & 1%0 # 11! 000 (J) (1) M 7 at *ottom an. (a) (i) • @ & 2% sin1% \$ @ & 0 2% sin 1% for one moment (1) • (%0 & (0 cos 00 \$ (%0 & 0 ( cos 00 for the other moment (1) • moments e5uate. *en.ucing gra.on 4goes6H etc • (2herefore) kee" /our *ack as +ertical \$ u"right as "ossi*leH • R with the loa.er @F2 gra"h (1) gra"h is a straight line so energ/ is area of triangle (1) elastic 1 7 # V & k2 & 2 # (Vk22) (1) 0 (*) (c) 1 2 Kingsdale Secondary School 41 .an/ one of the following:) (1) • conse5uenceH eg ten. or state. at to" # 0 (1) 7lastic 1 7 at to" # 0H at *ottom # 1 7 at to" for ecf # 11! 000 J (1) 2( N m–1 & 100 m # 2(00 N elastic 1 7 is area un./ R • R an. (from the muscles) (1) • the force is large *ecause the antiFclockwise moment is large (1) • the antiFclockwise moment is large *ecause the "er"en.U (1) • 3nswer @ # 2(0' (N) (1) ( 1 (ii) (*) • 3nswer @ # '%1 (N) • Pink large force (2(0'N) with small angle (00:) \$ 2he more nearl/ hori.H e+en if not correct T9o not acce4t forces resol(ed (ert+call.ontal \$ the smaller the angle with the hori.ient ?traight section F elastic8 (1) Cur+e.ontal /our *ack isH the greater the force nee.

(m s–1) allow 0 (( do not allow one sf C1 31 C1 (ii) kinetic energ/ # ½ m +2 # 0 % × 20 × (0 (0.ea that a gi+en (unit) e9tension for a shorter ro"e re5uires a greater force 2 1 [9] 89. (i) (ii) +elocit/ # .is"lacement \$ time or rate of change of . (a) (i) s"ee. # .is"lacement acceleration # change in +elocit/ \$ time or rate of change of +elocit/ Q1 Q1 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 42 .) loss of 1 7 # 100 & ' !(1) & 1%0 # 1() 000 J (1) gain of elastic 1 7 # V & 2. ) & 10%2 # 1() 000 J (1) i.(.ren gi+es an a+erage mass of greater than 20 kg (ax *2 75. \$ t # 2( \$ %% # 0 (0.one \$ time # (1% × )!() \$ %% note ecf from (a)(iii) # 21( (W) C1 31 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [10] (ii) nee.s to su""l/ chil.ren with kinetic energ/ air resistance friction in the *earings of the rollers \$ *elt total mass of chil.)2 # 1 ' (J) note ecf from (a)(i) 31 C1 31 (iii) "otential energ/ # mg h # 20 × ' ! × ( # )!( (J) "enalise the use of g # 10 (*) (i) "ower # energ/ \$ time or work .

ecrease area of "lunger \$ .0 \$ ' ! 0.er the line +alue for the .ero at 0 2 s acceleration is ma9imum at Q \$ o""osite .ecrease .irection at Q \$ .) 1lunger force × 120 # (20 × %00) 1lunger force # !0( 0) (N) Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 30 (*) (i) "ressure # force \$ area # !0 \$ ( × 10–0 # 20!00 (1a) C1 31 Q2 [8] (ii) . for one mark 92.istance in the range 0 (% to 0 %% (cm) (use of a triangle area scores 1\$2 Z0 (0 cm[) (.istance (from the line of action of the force) to the "i+ot Q1 Q1 [2] 90.rawn +erticall/ at K 20 × %00 \$ force on 1lunger × 120 (one correct moment state.ecelerates from 0 2 s to Q \$ acceleration increases from 0 2 to Q (A3 2 Q1 Q1 C1 31 [8] (+) acceleration # Z(F)0 ! – (+ 0 .is"lacement acceleration Q1 Q1 C1 31 use of area of s5uares un.s at "lunger force .)[ \$ 0 0 # 2( ) (cm s–2) allow 2( to 2% for 2 marks an.(a) (i) 1 mass # 0. 20 to 2.91. (i) (ii) "ressure # force \$ area moment # force multi"lie.istance K to "lunger \$ increase @ \$ increase length of arm (A3 2 91.ecreases from 3 to 0 2 s acceleration goes to .icular .o not allow 1sf) (iii) acceleration is a ma9imum at 3 \$ . (a) (i) (ii) force . ) (kg) Q1 43 Kingsdale Secondary School . (i) (ii) 1 2 .rawn +erticall/ u"war. */ the "er"en.istance \$ .

(allow 2sf) (ii) 2 .. (a) (i) ?tress # force \$ area force # stress × area # 1!0 × 10..ensit/ # mass \$ +olume # 0.0 sin%0 #1.2 % + 2!) % (or one mark each for +alues of 1. triangle with an a. . × 1 % × 10–( # 2)000 (N) C1 31 C1 C1 31 (ii) G A # stress \$ strain # 1!0 × 10. correct arrows alge*ra shown or scale gi+en tension # 2)0 (N) or +alue in the range 2%% to 2!% (N) (*) (i) tension is a +ector \$ has magnitu. 2!) % seen) # (%0 (N) 31 Q1 A1 31 C1 31 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 30 [12] C1 92.itional correct angle marke. in a.ifferent .ition \$ the tensions or ro"es act in .irection . ) \$ ( ) × 10–0 # ) ! × 10–0 unit kg m–0 (ii) right angle.e an. set of correct force la*els an. \$ 1 2 × 10–0 or using the gra.irections (ii) sum #2)0 sin0) + 0.ient # 1 % × 1011 N m–2 (*) *rittle elastic\$ gra"h shown u" to elastic limit o*e/s Kooke6s law \$ force _ e9tension \$ stress _ strain no "lastic region (A3 4 Q0 [8] Kingsdale Secondary School 44 .2 % an.irection in+ol+e.

one or air*ag \$ a*sor*ing energ/ (safel/) for crum"le . crum"le .93.irection to *e gi+en as well as a magnitu.is"lacement "er unit time (1) +elocit/ re5uires a .e increase in time \$ . hence the *raking .one seat *elts air*ag "rotecti+e cell \$ si.efinition of s"ee.screen .e im"act "rotection e9"lanation to inclu. roa. */ a . of car mass gra. */ s"ee.itions *rake s/stem t/re surface \$ trea. s"ee. or +elocit/ followe.ecreases force for crum"le . +elocit/ as . surface \$ con.ient of roa.e the affect on the acceleration \$ force (an.istorting force (1) 3llow in terms of elastic\$"lastic collisions 2 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 45 . as . (1) "lastic materials are ha+e their sha"e "ermanentl/ change.istance) A3Y Q2 A3Y Q2 [4] 94. 79"lanation to inclu.-C ?13= (less than four errors) use of technical language A3Y Q2 Q1 Q1 [6] A3Y Q2 95.one seat *elt restrains \$"re+ents collision with steering wheel \$ win. elastic materials return to their original sha"e when a . as a scalar 5uantit/ an.istance "er unit time an.e (1) ID . s"ee. +elocit/ as a +ector 5uantit/ 2 [2] 96.istorting force is remo+e.istance of sto" .

+ertical (1. ?cale .own Q1 Q1 Q1 [8] Q1 Kingsdale Secondary School 46 .) Bn water: weight an.erline.rawn on the figure scale state.e +ector has a . (N) resultant force 2( to 2) (N) Jalue calculate.ontal (12 + 1. un. if s # 0. an/ error loses this mark +ector has magnitu. (a) (i) +2 # 0 + 2 × ' !(1) × 00 + # 2( (0) (m s–1) (–1 if g # 10 is use. (large) flui. as well) (Kence) constant acceleration \$ acceleration at ' ! m s –2 (allow re. (arrows an.es the resultant with an arrow in the correct . acceleration \$ terminal +elocit/ if air resistance inclu. s"ee.rawn correct triangle la*elle.sin%0) com"onents an.97.uce.: correct triangle .iagram: correct triangle \$ "arallelogram .) s # ut + ½ at2 or + # u + at or s # (u + +)t \$ 2 t # 2 × 00\$2( 0 C1 31 (ii) 00 # 0 + ½ × ' !(1) × t2 t # 2 % (s) (*) t # 2( 0 \$ ' ! C1 31 Bn the air: weight \$ force .cos%0) an.e. (i) (ii) energ/H "ower an.ue to gra+it/ (allow air resistance if inclu.irection Q1 Q1 Q1 [3] 98. correct resultant arrow resultant force 2% to 2. m is use.e \$ si. of calculation: (e g cosine rule) \$ resol+e into hori. an. use of 1/thagoras 2% (() (N) A1 31 C1 31 [4] A1 31 Q2 Q1 99.H once onl/ on the "a"er) (.e.eceleration \$ slows .ero score. la*els which inclu.irection) +ali. metho. resistance \$ u"thrust \$ *uo/anc/ Kence .

istance *etween the forces tor5ue # 1200 × 0 ( # (!0 Nm Zallow one mark for 1200 × 0 2 # 2(0 (N m)[ Q1 C1 31 (*) (i) work # force × . (a) (i) (ii) (one of the) force × "er"en.2 % 0 1(0) (N) .one \$ time # 0000 \$ (1\$(0) # 1 2 × 10% (W) 31 [7] Kingsdale Secondary School 47 . # .) # 2 × 1200 × 2 × π × 0 2 # 001.irection: left kinetic energ/ # ½ m + 2 loss in kinetic energ/ # ½ × %0 × 10–0 ((2 – .2 % unit: m s–2 Q1 31 Q1 C1 (ii) @ # ma # %0 × 10–0 × .icular .(2) (J) (ii) s"ee. # .100.istance \$ time time # ( ' \$ .2) # 0 %(0) (J) 31 Q1 C1 C1 31 [15] (iii) 101. 0 # 0 !(2) (s) (iii) gain in "otential energ/ # mgh (*) (i) change in +elocit/ # (–) 10 (m s–1) acceleration # (+ – u) \$ t \$ 10 \$ 0 1. 0(1!) m s–1) Jh # 10 cos %0 Q1 30 C1 31 C1 C1 31 # %0 × 10–0 × ' !(1) × 0 0 # 1 .(a) (i) # .istance (mo+e. (J) Q1 Q1 30 C1 (ii) "ower # work .

) strain energ/ is larger in the s"ring e9tension is (+er/ much larger) (for the same force) for the s"ring Kingsdale Secondary School 48 .ing from the gra"h e g 1 0 N causes ) mm Kence % 0 (N) causes 0% ± 0 % (mm) (allow one mark for 0% ± 1 (mm) C1 31 (*) (i) @orce on each s"ring is 2 % (N) e9tension # 1) % (mm) allow 1! (mm) or rea.ing from gra"h Zallow ecf from (a)[ C1 31 C1 (ii) strain energ/ # area un. strain # e9tension \$ length e9tension # (@ × P) \$ (3 × 7) # (% × 0 () \$ (2 × 10–) × 2 × 1011) # % (0) × 10–% (m) C1 C1 31 Q1 Q1 [11] (. (a) Ine rea.102.er gra"h \$ ½ @ × e # 2 × 0 % × 2 % × 1) % × 10–0 # 0 0(( (J) Zallow ecf from (*)(i)[ 31 (c) 7 # stress \$ strain ?tress # force \$ area an.

istance Zthe . =ra. effect on * .-C 2echnical ?"ellingH "unctuation an. time 3ll correct scores ( .a%ar .H ) correct scores 0 (H % correct scores 2 2H 0 correct scores 1 [4] /e. e9am"le an. can score 2 . effect on * .istance a car tra+els after the *rakes are a""lie. "lus e9"lanation e g t/re trea. can score 1 ≥( factors une9"laine.iscs greater the * . effect on * .ensit/ energ/ "ower s"ee. "lus e9"lanation Doa. \$ greater friction "lus e9"lanation e g ice \$ wet an. until it comes to rest[ =reater the s"ee. con. "lus e9"lanation an. grammar Q1 Q1 [7] Aa9 % 104. t/re trea.itions gi+en to suggest re. an. the greater the * .uce. "lus e9"lanation 1oor *rake "a.ient of roa.103. the a""ro"riate effect on * . s. Cefinition of *raking . the effect on channelling water awa/ =reater mass "lus e9"lanation an.is"lacement weight ( Kingsdale Secondary School 49 . 2\$0 factors une9"laine.s \$ .tor acceleration .

(i) @Q × 1 ) # !0 × 0 !% + .ero \$ no resultant force Q1 Q1 [2] 107. 1 sum of the moments (a*out an/ "oint) is .105. (m) Q1 Q1 Q1 30 Kingsdale Secondary School 50 .is"lacement \$ time # 1( \$ 2 ( # % ! (% !0) (m s–1) 31 Q1 Q1 [6] (ii) . × 0 %)) \$ 2 # 1 .istance from the "i+ot increases \$ (@3 + @Q) is a constant \$ weight (of "ainter) transfers from su""ort Q to su""ort 3 Q1 [8] 108.%0 + !0 −%(0 or @ × 1 ) # .istance .istance) 106. (i) 1 s"ee. if the .is"lacement is not e5ual to the .%0 × 1 0 Ine moment correct allow 1 3nal/sis lea.%0 × 0 ( + !0 × 0 !% # 1'0 (N) (1'0 N) (iii) +A goes u" +B goes . sum of all the forces acting is .is"lacement is in a straight line (which is alwa/s less than or e5ual to the total .own 2o o*tain the same moment a smaller force is re5uire.ero \$ no resultant tor5ue 2. (a) (*) change in +elocit/ \$ time taken or rate of change of +elocit/ area un. # .ing to %0) N @ # %(0 (%0)) (N) i e @Q # '10 \$ 1 ) Q2 Q1 30 C1 31 Q1 Q1 (ii) @3 # .istance \$ time # 22 \$ 2 ( # ' 2 (' 1)) (m s–1) C1 31 C1 2 +elocit/ # .er line or using e5uation s # (u + + ) t \$ 2 or s # ut + ½ at2 # (% .

to the time a9is C1 C1 31 Q1 Q1 Q1 C1 (ii) (. in the .irection of the force) watt is a joule "er secon.) # (–) 0 0)( unit 0 31 Q1 Q1 [13] (ii) (energ/ transforme.istance is larger (from gra"h) or using @ #ma acceleration is less hence .istance (mo+e.000 \$ !00 # ) % (m s ) 31 Q1 (i+) greater 7k is larger hence .)[ \$ 20 × 10–0 # (–)%0% (m s–2) line starts from 0 %' \$ 0 %! an.ient (to the time a9is) same gra.istance is larger Q1 [8] 111.(c) (i) using ∆+ # % .0000 \$ . (i) gra. (allow the energ/ losses are .rawn of "ositi+e gra. −% 1 straight line .000 (J m–1) C1 31 Q1 Q1 C1 –2 (ii) work .) (i) "otential energ/ # mgh or "otential energ/ change # 0 02% × ' !1 (1 0 − 1 . or % 1 (m s–1) # Z–% 1 − (% .ient # 0. (i) (ii) work .ient of the gra"h (iii) @ # ma a # .one # loss in k e (7k) @ × 2 # 7k so @ # 7k \$ 2 is the gra. (i) (ii) strain # e9tension \$original length stress # force \$ (crossFsectional) area Q1 Q1 [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 51 .0 # .ient as I3 an.ue to air resistance) 109. Q1 Q1 [2] 110.one # force × .) \$ lost to thermal \$ internal energ/ of the *all at the re*oun.

H forceH weight(s) a""ro"riate length of wire use. "h/sics "oint #max 2\$ Q( Q( Q2 Q0 Kingsdale Secondary School 52 .iameterH mass \$ loa.er in a ceiling su""ort \$ two wires use. masses use. at other en.iameter gi+es area using π.H e9tension using micrometer or +ernier or metre ruleH correct original length using metre rule re"eat rea.2\$(H "lot a gra"h of force against e9tensionH gra.112.) #max 4\$ rea\$in"s: .e.etermine. a""aratus that will work is nee.s use. as loa. for a""aratus that is not a""lica*le B e a wire in a clam" an. stan.ulusH within the elastic limit i e where the line is straight or other goo. with suita*le a""aratus that is la*elle.H 7 # (gra.ing #max 2\$ \$etermination o2 t1e #oun" mo\$u%us: Goung mo. on a *alanceH se+eral loa. on *ench to" arrangement or gir. wire at one en. \$ia"ram: suita*l/ fi9e. gi+en */ mgH .ulus # stress \$ strainH force\$loa. marke.e.ings on unloa. \$ forceH e9tensionH original length all ( scores 2H 2 or 0 score 1 met1o\$ o2 o3tainin" t1e rea\$in"s: . wireH allow la*elling of a 4rectangular *lock6 to *e massesH loa. for these "oints to score (a ma9imum of can *e awar.ient # Goung mo.H allow woo. la*elle. to a "ointerH e9tension measure.en clam"s la*elle.ient × length) \$3H or e5ui+alent using stress \$ strain gra"h gra. for a loa.ient of gra"h .iameter with a micrometerH in se+eral "lacesH mass weighe.

\$ or correct terms for . .enl/ as the force hol. (1) C e g constant force *eing a""lie.uring the +ertical "art of the gra"h onl/) Q 2he .. areaH GA an. (i) (ii) +elocit/ # .ifferent "laces at the same time (1) ID o*ject re5uires infinite s"ee. e g mass – *alanceH . strain relate.is"lacement \$ time acceleration # change in +elocit/ \$ time Q1 Q1 (Datio must *e clear i e allow "er *ut not o+erH in or with time) (3llow rate of change ofR or "er unit time) [2] Kingsdale Secondary School 53 . (1) 2his occurs when something hits a +ertical wall (1) +er/ large acceleration is re5uire.ero to a high +alue (1) e9am"le e g letting go of a *allH .enl/ (1) e9am"le e g taking foot off car accelerator (1) ID ceasing to "e. (1) e9am"le e g *all *ouncing against a wall (1) ID tennis *all hit */ tennis racket A3YBAOA 0 C acceleration going from . instruments to *e use.iameter − micrometerH length − rulerH e9tension − ruler an. for the rea. (a) Bm"ossi*le gra"h is 3 (1) 2he o*ject is in two .iameter an.ing the o*ject in "lace is remo+e.ings to *e measure.irection in which the o*ject is tra+elling is su.al *ic/cle so .) majorit/ of these correct 4&A5 (written work has less than four errors in s"elling an.-C: technical language (correct terms use. sentence formation) Q1 [15] Q1 113. stress an. massH .ro"s to ..ero su*se5uent acceleration (1) ZI+erall 1 for e9"laining what is ha""ening 1 for sensi*le e9am"le 1 for relating e9am"le to sketch gra"h[ 2 (*) 0 0 0 [11] 114. "unctuation grammar an.ero su..ro""ing an egg (1) acceleration changes su.. an.enl/ re+erse.etermination of GA correct link with force an. (.

uce.ecreases on wa/ .ero at 1 h com" no change as no resisti+e force \$ gra+itational force has no effect + com" increases on wa/ . (1' − 1.ownwar. ) t # 0 0 (s) C1 C1 31 C1 31 Q1 C1 Q1 31 [9] (ii) (*) (time lost */) car 3 # (0 + ' + () # 1. re5uire.own k e not .) 117.ownwar.0 m \$ Car Q 1' *ehin.own Q1 Q1 Q1 54 Kingsdale Secondary School .ontal an.ontal at start *ut gets smaller than hori.ontal as it goes u" 1enalise confusion of hori. fuel or smaller tank means less mass hence greater acceleration \$ . (i) (ii) re.ecreases on wa/ u" \$ k e increases on the wa/ . +ertical twice an.r/ or there is less friction in the wet trea.eceleration(for the same force) smooth t/res gi+e greater area of contact or more friction in the . Car Q takes 2 s to tra+el the 1.s or –' ! ms–2 or is constant +ertical com" is .irection as motion or . car Q was 1) *ehin. Kence car 3 0 s ahea.115. (a) (i) +2 # u2 + 2as 0 # (!0)2 + 2 × a × 120 a # (–) 2.ecreases going u" as gra+itational force \$ acceleration is against motion or . ) (m s–2) ignore sign t # (0 − !0) \$ – 2.own as gra+itational force \$ acceleration is in same . in the wet to channel the water awa/ Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [4] 116.ero at to" of flight \$ k e min at 1 (to") " e increases on wa/ u" \$ " e ma9 at 1 \$ . then a""l/ ecf (A3 1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 (*) k e .s or + ' ! ms–2 or is constant +ertical com" more than hori. (a) + com" .

ero at = \$ " e same as starting +alue at = (A3 2 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Kingsdale Secondary School 55 .loss of k e # gain in " e at an/ "oint on flight \$ k e con+erte. to " e k e # " e halfwa/ u" \$ " e + k e # constant k e the same as starting +alue at = " e .

(c) air resistance\$. hori.0o Q1 31 31 [7] @ormulae correct (resol+ing or sin rule) \$ scale .-C: 2echnical language: uses terms correctl/ such as +ert an.iagram 119. is less range is less acceleration is no longer constant acceleration greater than g when going u" or greater than − ' ! going u" or less than ' ! coming . coming .%0 to )00 for scale . on the wa/ . "otential energiesH +elocit/ force acceleration ?13=: written work has less than four errors in s"ellingH "unctuation an.own k e at = less than k e at 2 \$ k e transfers to thermal terminal +elocit/ (ma/ *e) reache.uces +ertical or hori. (N) allow )(0 to )'0 for scale .iagram .uces k e height reache. 22 .rawn correctl/ 21 # .rag slows .own (A3 4 . (a) (*) ("ulle/ wheel) at rest \$ in e5uili*rium \$ acceleration is . sentence formationH at least two sentences in each section Q1 [14] Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 118.ontal com"onent or re.uces when going u" an. (a) 1#@\$3 @ # 1 0 × 10% × 0 2% # 2%000 (N) C1 31 56 Kingsdale Secondary School .own h com" re. general sha"e correct angles correct (one angle la*elle.own an.own the *all or re. correctl/ 2 2 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 2 1 .. correctl/) 21 an.)( (N) allow .ero (i) %00 N force .iagram 22 # ).irections la*elle.ontal com"onentsH kinetic an.0 o %00N 2 (0o 2 %00N 2 1 !0o (ii) with scale gi+en .

Kingsdale Secondary School 57 .

s "assenger in seat in the o""osite .er the gra"h # ½ × 2 0 × 0 2%0 # 0 2% (J) 31 31 Q1 58 (*) (i) (ii) @ # ! × 0 1% # 1 2 (N) Kooke6s law continues to *e o*e/e.()0 (N) 120. seat *elts stretch to increase the time \$ . \$ gra"h continues as a straight line \$ k is constant \$ elastic limit has not *een reache. seat *elts ha+e wi.istance hence force is re.uce. Kingsdale Secondary School .ri+er is not hit from *ehin.es forwar.(*) ρ#m\$J m # !00 × 0 2% × 0 )% # 1%0 W # 1()0 (N) C1 C1 31 Q1 [6] (c) 2.own \$ (not enough) friction or resistance or restraining force Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 A1 31 A1 31 [6] (ii) (*) arrow to the left the seat *elt "ro.ient of the gra"h k # 2 0 \$ 2%0 × 10–0 # ! 0 Correct unit for +alue gi+en in (a)(i) i e 0 00! or ! × 10–0 re5uires N mm–1 3llow N m–1 \$ kg s–2 if no working in (a)(i) Co not allow unit mark if incorrect "h/sics in "art (a)(i) C1 31 Q1 C1 (ii) W # ½ (@ × e9tension) \$ area un.uces the force (restraining force) \$ hol.s as there is no force to slow it .uce.screen in front \$ the . (a) (i) carries on going \$ carries on with the same +elocit/ \$ sli.irection to the motion of the car sto"s the "assenger continuing to mo+e forwar.e area hence "ressure re. \$ hitting the front seats \$ win. (A3 4 121. (a) (i) @ # k9 \$ k is the gra.

Kingsdale Secondary School 59 .

a .is"lacement scalar has a magnitu. */ +alues +alue *etween 0 '% to 1 1(m s–1) Q1 Q1 31 A1 (ii) 1 2 Y marke.is"lacement * an/ "eak or trough \$ 3 \$ Q \$ 0 \$ 0 0 \$ .0 10% & ' ! & 0 00 (1) . +elocit/ or im"lie.irection e g +elocit/ Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [4] 124. (i) (ii) (iii) . clockwise moments # anticlockwise moments (for e5uili*rium) (1) Q & 0 020m # 0 0)% & ' ! & 0 20 .ing to 2) ) N Q # 2) 2 N (1) allow 2) N 0 [3] 123. 0s M an/ "oint where gra.o not "enalise . (i) +elocit/ tra+els in two o""osite . or ( ( – % 0 s) 62 M an\$ * are "i/en on t1e \$ia"ram t1en ma7 1 tangent to cur+e .(c) (i) 1 2 correct time marke.ownwar.s \$ increasing an. +ector has magnitu.ient is a ma9imum (1 0 – 1 .e onl/ e g s"ee. in a correct "lace (ma9imum or minimum on gra"h) relates the e9tension \$ com"ression to @ # k9 to e9"lain wh/ the force is a ma9imum or ma9imum e9tension gi+es ma9 force or ma9imum e9tension gi+es ma9 acceleration 31 [12] 122.rawn +alues gi+en correct from gra"h answers correct for ma9imum in range of 1 0 to 1 % Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 (ii) (iii) Q1 C1 31 [7] Kingsdale Secondary School 60 . .istance (change in) .is"lacement\$time or rate of change of . on the gra"h with a J (t # 0 )% s or 1 )% s) tangent in the correct "lace for .irections or e5ui+alent wor.e an.ecreasing .istance\$time or rate of change of .istance in cm 2 \$ 0 if g # 10 m s–2 lea.

(a) (i) (ii) hori. stone at rest hori.ient (through 0H0) line to time a9is when *all hits san.ient at 0H0 MA9 3 straight line with "ositi+e gra.ontal line non .% (m s–1) +ertical +elocit/ # 2%sin00 # 12 % (m s–1) allow 10 (2 sig fig ) Q1 30 C1 31 (*) (i) (ii) straight line with "ositi+e gra.125.ero *etween im"act an.ing force 1 woul. triangle .ero gra.e. stone at rest Q0 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 A1 31 A3Y % [11] (c) (i) (ii) Kingsdale Secondary School 61 .iagram: scale gi+en 1!% to 200 (N) C1 31 (*) Q1 Q1 C1 31 Q1 Q1 [8] (c) tension is greater (reference to triangle) tension force woul.ient .ero *etween im"act an. line with "ositi+e increasing gra.irections gi+en calculation: force 1 \$ weight # tan 0% force 1 #1'2 (N) scale . (a) weight # 2! & ' ! \$ mg # 2)0 (N) (2)( () (using g # 10 then –1) a com"lete. so +ertical com"onent still *alances the weight 126. *e larger (longer) for greater angle \$ larger +alue nee.rawn with correct orientation at least two la*els for triangle with correct .ero ("ositi+e +alue) negati+e (o""osite) +alue from im"act with san.ient through 0H0 cur+e.ontal +elocit/ # 2%cos00 8 21 .own to . non +ertical line coming . *e greater (longer) as the hol. returning to .

tuation an\$ "rammar or"anisation an\$ %o"i. (i) (ii) (when a s/stem is in e5uili*rium) the sum of the anticlockwise moments e5uals the sum of the clockwise moments (a*out the same "i+ot) sum of the forces e5uals . is remo+e.0 J # (2% & 0 0%) \$ 0 ' # ' )(22) (N) total force is .-C: s e%%in": un.ero \$ resultant force is . \$ linear gra"h \$ Kooke6s law o*e/e. with a small force "lastic . or e5ui+alent wor. reference to necking at the en. as returning to original length when the loa. A3Y 2 A3Y ! Q1 Q1 [10] Kingsdale Secondary School 62 . as . \$ 2% – ' ) force at hinge # 1% 0 (N) (or ma/ take moments a*out = or J) Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 30 C1 31 [6] (ii) (iii) 129. as can *e forme.oes not return to its original length when the loa. into a wire initiall/ elastic "lastic where it stretches more an.127.0 # W & 0 0% & cos. A3Y 0 co""er: A3Y 0 "ol/thene: eas/ to .uctile e9"laine. as ha+ing no "lastic region elastic elastic e9"laine. cast iron: *rittle *rittle e9"laine.eforme. or im"lie.ero state. more with little increase in stress "lastic e9"laine.eform \$ .s . (i) W +erticall/ .own at = @orce at I +ertical J & 0 ' & cos.uctile . is remo+e.ero Q1 Q1 Q1 [3] 128.uctile "ol/meric .ero sum of the moments e5uals .

# .oes not Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 [4] 132. . (i) (ii) scalar name.irection \$ s"ee. a scalar .i< 2.irection triangle showing correct orientation of the +ectors C1 31 Q1 (ii) (iii) Q1 Q1 Q1 (i+) +Q – +3 # Z(2%)2 . (i) .istance # )% – 1% % # %' % (m) 0 # (2%)2 .2 8 1% % (m) 1.(2%)2[1\$2 \$ scale gi+en for triangle # 0% ( (m s–1) \$ 0( to 0) (m s–1) if clearl/ a scale .130.e \$ si. # 1'0 (m) . & time . has magnitu.e an.irection allow one out of two for a +ector has .is"lacement shown as a straight line from 3 an. (i) s"ee. C1 31 Q1 [6] note e.istance # s"ee.oes not ha+e a .istance # 2% & ) .irection an. Q +elocit/ is a +ector or has a .2 2rom .iagram "enalise (–1) for an/ further su*traction of this +alue (e g 0% – 2%) C1 32 Kingsdale Secondary School 63 .2a %' % a # ((2%)2 \$ 2 & %' % 8 .irection .istance # 2% & 0 .e \$ +alue (not 5uantit/) +ector name.istance \$ time or .irection of (the +elocit/) changes \$ car changes .(< % 2% unit # m s–2 C1 31 31 (ii) note e. *raking . is a scalar or . has (onl/) magnitu.2 2rom .ii< 131.

one\$time taken) Q1 Q1 (ii) Q1 Q1 (iii) Q1 [5] 134.2as mgh \$ t # 110000 m\$t # 110000 \$ (' !1 & 100) # !.ue to "osition \$ height \$ a*o+e the groun.efine. strength \$ weight or mgh \$ wh Q1 an. to ke of the wheelH the water retains some ke friction in the rotation of the wheel not all ke con+erte. s/m*ols . (i) energ/ .irection car is accelerating Q1 Q1 [11] 133. to electrical energ/ friction in the generator not all ke con+erte. Q1 work is the rate of . strength an. (a) weight \$ gra+itational force tension Q1 Q1 Kingsdale Secondary School 64 .(+) acceleration is a change in +elocit/ \$ car has a change of +elocit/ \$ car has a change in .s on mass an. to ke friction of water with groun.e"en. height \$ weight an.efine. s"ee. s/m*ols .s on gra+itational fiel. or Vm+2 Q1 an. . (i) "e # ke \$ mgh # V m+2 ' !1 & 100 # 0 % & +2 + # %0 % m s–1 (allow %0 or %1) 2 allow the use of + # u2 .e"en. or air resistance not all the ke of water will *e con+erte. unit kg s–1 or kg not all the "e of water will *e con+erte. as massH gra+itational fiel.oing work or rate of using energ/ (work . to electrical an= t)o C1 C1 31 (ii) C1 31 Q1 (iii) Q2 [8] 135. height Q1 energ/ \$ue to mo+ement \$ motion . 0 (kg s–1) allow !.

s scores 1 (twice the e9tension) ! ( scores 2 Q2 [7] Kingsdale Secondary School 65 . % (N) 2–W#0 2 # W # 12)% (N) (allow 12!0) 31 C1 (allow 10%0) 31 C1 31 (ii) (. (E) 8 stress\$strain Q1 [1] 137.) C1 31 Q1 Q1 Q1 (e) [12] 136. taking more time than the first section (allow ecf from acceleration +alue in "art (.(*) (c) W # (%% . (a) (i) strain # e9tension\$length # ( 2 & 10–0 \$ 0 )% # % .ontal line (a*o+e .ient at en. & 10–0 7 # force \$ (area & strain) @ # 7 & 3 & strain # 2 & 1011 & ( % & 10–) & % .ient from origin hori. & 10–0 # %0( (N) C1 31 C1 C1 31 (ii) (*) larger e9tension in wor.ero) line of constant negati+e gra.) 2 – W # ma 12(0 – 12)% # 100 & a a # (–) 0 2) m s–2 line with constant "ositi+e gra.)%) & ' !1 # 12)% (N) (i) @ # ma 2 – 12)% # (100) & 0 %% 2 # 10(.

acceleration nee. (a) (*) 3 *rittle material .1ni.s force to o""ose \$ *ackwar. t/res friction in *earings friction from air resistance ma7 3 2rom ea. an. surface is e g wet (suita*le comment on effect .eceleration nee. an.1 art an\$ Ma7 4 in tota% 4 e%%in": un.s forwar. "ush from roa. wheel friction .ge Q1 Q1 Q1 [3] Kingsdale Secondary School 66 .uce.oes not ha+e a "lastic region \$ it *reaks at its elastic limit Oltimate tensile strength is *reaking stress for a material Aaterials can *e chosen \$ teste.ue to roa.ue to roa.s to motion friction *etween *rakes an. force on car friction ena*les forwar.138.ensit/ less Q1 Q1 [2] 139. less acceleration . if the roa. surface) comment on t/re surface trea. its effect faster car is tra+elling greater air resistance an.a% %an"ua"e Q( Q1 Q1 [6] 140. on the t/res effect greatl/ re.ensit/ # mass \$ +olume +olume larger hence . to "re+ent colla"se of the *ri.tuation an\$ "rammar >se o2 te. (i) (ii) .