Atınç Özgür Ahmet Uğur Birinci

12.12.2013

ME 482 ASSIGNMENT 8

INTRODUCTION

The main aim of the assignment is to investigate a uniformly loaded and simply supported beam. The beam is made of steel, it is 0.5m in length and the cross section is 50 mm deep by 10 mm wide. The uniform load is a pressure of 2 N/mm2. The main objectives are; to find out the effects of type of supports, namely pin-pin, pin-roller, to study the effect of placement of supports, namely neutral axis, bottom fibers and to compare structural and continuum elements.

ANALYSIS OF THE MODEL

Preliminary Analysis (Beam Theory):

Maximum bending stress. 250 elements gave out 0. 50 elements gave out 0. maximum deflection and the reaction at supports were investigated for CPS8R.3 Poisson’s ratio.Finite Element Analysis The material is steel with 210 MPa Young’s modulus and 0. pinned boundary condition is applied. The mesh was considered to be converged at 50 elements.743 mm deflection. The mesh was considered to be converged at 250 elements.744 mm deflection. for the roller supports. For continuum elements. 75 elements gave out 0. The results were compared with beam theory solutions. Deflection for 75 elements Deflection for 250 elements . displacement boundary condition in y-direction is applied. The cases where pin-roller and pin-pin supports are applied at neutral axis and at the bottom were considered.776 mm deflection. 25 elements gave out 0.733 mm deflection. For the pin supports. The reaction force was scaled by multiplying by 10 to account for the 2D modeling of the beam. For beam elements. B23 and B22 elements.

Stress for CPS8R pin-pin supports at neutral axis Stress for B23 pin-pin supports at the bottom Stress for B23 pin-roller supports at the bottom .

744 B22 – n.2 Shear Stress Effect Pin-Roller – Neutral Axis ⁄ CPS8R 10 5 2 1 10 5 2 1 10 5 2 1 ⁄ 1 1.763 CPS8R – Bottom 150 0.1 1 1 1.744 Pin-Roller CPS8R – n.763 B23 – n.776 B23 – Bottom 150 0.008 0.11 1. 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000 5000.1 Maximum Stress. Maximum Deflection and Reaction Force Values RF (N) Beam Theory 150 0.298 B22 – Bottom 50 0.45 47.744 B22 – Bottom 150 0.2 1 1. 12500* Table.a 150 0. 10750* 5000. 12500* 5000.763 CPS8R – Bottom 99 0.92 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ⁄ 1.763 Pin-Pin CPS8R – n.13 5.55 B23 B22 .a 150 0.Table.02 1.316 * The reaction forces in x and y-direction respectively.744 B22 – n.a 150 0.a 150 0.94 0.763 B23 – n.a 150 0.02 1.a 150 0.372 B23 – Bottom 50 0.94 3.

For L/h = 10 and L/h = 5. For L/h < 5. All the cases except for the pin-pin support at the bottom give out the same maximum bending stress with the beam theory. stress concentration occurs at the pins. this results in less stress at the outer fibers. . all three elements give results consistent with the beam theory. Beam elements give close results to the beam theory but the continuum elements give very different results for the maximum deflection. If the pins are applied at the bottom. beam theory fails to function.CONCLUSIONS Pin-pin supporting can give the same results as pin-roller supporting if the pins are applied at the neutral axis. Maximum deflections are also accurate considering the beam theory solution to be true. It is better to use continuum elements for L/h < 5.