POLYATOMIC IONS Julie’s Study Guides http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.

com/ 1  -1 ions Acetate Bromate Chlorate Chlorite Cyanide Dihydrogen phosphate Hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) Hydrogen sulfate Hydroxide Hypochlorite Nitrate Nitrite Perchlorate Permanganate CH3COOBrO3ClO3ClO2CNH2PO4HCO3HSO4OHClONO3NO2ClO4MnO4-2 ions Carbonate Chromate Dichromate Hydrogen phosphate Oxalate Peroxide Sulfate Sulfite CO3-2 CrO4-2 Cr2O7-2 HPO4-2 C2O4-2 O2-2 SO4-2 SO3-2 -3 ions Arsenate Phosphate AsO4-3 PO4-3

Positive ions Ammonium NH4+

POLYATOMIC IONS Julie’s Study Guides http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/ 2  Dimercury Hg2+2 Oxyanions (example) Hypochlorite Chlorite Chlorate Perchlorate ClOClO2ClO3ClO4-

Some tips, in case you are having problems memorizing these, follow: Try to connect the charges and bonding to the periodic table. For example, arsenic and phosphate belong to the same group and therefore bond with the same number of oxygen atoms (producing compounds with the same charge). Remember, sulfur is the only one on the list with an “-ate” ion with four oxygen atoms and an “-ite” ion with three oxygen atoms. For the oxyanions chart, remember your prefixes. “Hypo” means less/fewer, “(Hy-)per” means more. See also: page 858 in the Pre-IB Chemistry book (Modern Chemistry) or page 107 in the AP Chemistry book (Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity) or page 158 in the Barron's AP Chemistry guide.

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