Thursday 23 May 2013 – Morning

AS GCE CHEMISTRY B (SALTERS) F331/01 Chemistry for Life

MARK SCHEME

Duration: 1 hour 15 minutes

MAXIMUM MARK

60

FINAL VERSION Version: Final Last updated: 04/06/2013
(FOR OFFICE USE ONLY)

This document consists of 15 pages

OCR Essential Guide to Marking. YOU MUST MARK 10 PRACTICE AND 10 STANDARDISATION RESPONSES BEFORE YOU CAN BE APPROVED TO MARK LIVE SCRIPTS.rm. 2 .F331/01 Mark Scheme June 2013 MARKING INSTRUCTIONS PREPARATION FOR MARKING SCORIS 1.com/support/ca Log-in to scoris and mark the required number of practice responses (“scripts”) and the number of required standardisation responses. Make sure that you have read and understood the mark scheme and the question paper for this unit. 2. These are posted on the RM Cambridge Assessment Support Portal http://www. Make sure that you have accessed and completed the relevant training packages for on-screen marking: scoris assessor Online Training. 3.

Mark strictly to the mark scheme. Examiners will have to apply judgement as to whether a ‘second response’ on a line is a development of the ‘first response’. The remaining responses should not then be marked.) 4. Marks awarded must relate directly to the marking criteria.F331/01 MARKING 1. 2. Mark Scheme June 2013 The schedule of dates is very important. The response space should be marked from left to right on each line and then line by line until the required number of responses have been considered. 3. Crossed Out and Multiple Responses Work crossed out: Crossed-out Responses: Where a candidate has crossed out a response and provided a clear alternative then the crossed out response is not marked. or by email. Contradictory Responses: When a candidate provides contradictory responses. Multiple Choice Question Responses: When a multiple choice question has only a single. consult your Team Leader by telephone or the scoris messaging system. correct response and a candidate provides two responses (even if one of these responses is correct). When a question requires candidates to select more than one option/multiple options. then no mark should be awarded. then no mark should be awarded (as it is not possible to determine which was the first response selected by the candidate). It is essential that you meet the scoris 50% and 100% (traditional 40% Batch 1 and 100% Batch 2) deadlines. even if one of the answers is correct. discrete response. then local marking arrangements need to ensure consistency of approach. usually worth only one mark per response): Where candidates are required to provide a set number of short answer responses then only the set number of responses should be marked. If you are in any doubt about applying the mark scheme. If you experience problems. examiners may give candidates the benefit of the doubt and mark the crossed out response where legible. Where no alternative response has been provided. 3 . you must contact your Team Leader (Supervisor) without delay. Short Answer Questions (requiring only a list by way of a response. (The underlying assumption is that the candidate is attempting to hedge their bets and therefore getting undue benefit rather than engaging with the question and giving the most relevant/correct responses. 5. rather than a separate.

F331/01 Mark Scheme June 2013 Short Answer Questions (requiring a more developed response. the scoris messaging system. then only the first response should be marked. use the phone. worth two or more marks): If the candidates are required to provide a description of. then mark on a similar basis – that is downwards (as it is unlikely in this situation that a candidate will provide more than one response in each section of the response space. Assistant Examiners will send a brief report on the performance of candidates to their Team Leader (Supervisor) via email by the end of the marking period. ‘don’t know’) OR if there is a mark (eg a dash.) Longer Answer Questions (requiring a developed response): Where candidates have provided two (or more) responses to a medium or high tariff question which only required a single (developed) response and not crossed out the first response. If you have any questions or comments for your team leader. Examiners will need to apply professional judgement as to whether the second (or a subsequent) response is a ‘new start’ or simply a poorly expressed continuation of the first response. The report should contain notes on particular strengths displayed as well as common errors or weaknesses. 7. 6. 8. Award NR (No Response) if there is nothing written at all in the answer space OR if there is a comment which does not in anyway relate to the question (eg ‘can’t do’. 9. Always check the pages (and additional objects if present) at the end of the response in case any answers have been continued there. 4 . or e-mail. say. Constructive criticism of the question paper/mark scheme is also appreciated. a question mark) which isn’t an attempt at the question Note: Award 0 marks – for an attempt that earns no credit (including copying out the question) The scoris comments box is used by your team leader to explain the marking of the practice responses. If the candidate has continued an answer there then add a suitable annotation to confirm that the work has been seen. three items or factors and four items or factors are provided. Do not use the comments box for any other reason. There is a NR (No Response) option. Please refer to these comments when checking your practice responses.

Annotations Annotation Meaning Benefit of doubt Contradiction Cross Error carried forward Ignore Not answered question Benefit of doubt not given Not good enough Rounding error Repeat Noted but no credit given Error in no.F331/01 Mark Scheme June 2013 10. of significant figures Tick Omission mark 5 .

annotations and conventions used in the detailed Mark Scheme (to include abbreviations and subject-specific conventions). Additional objects: You must annotate the additional objects for each script you mark. Annotation DO NOT ALLOW IGNORE ALLOW () __ ECF AW ORA Meaning Answers which are not worthy of credit Statements which are irrelevant Answers that can be accepted Words which are not essential to gain credit Underlined words must be present in answer to score a mark Error carried forward Alternative wording Or reverse argument All questions must be annotated with a tick where the mark is given (please refer to Scoris Annotations document from your Team Leader).F331/01 11. If no credit is to be awarded for the additional object. 6 . Subject-specific Marking Instructions Mark Scheme June 2013 Abbreviations. please use a suitable annotation (either ^ or SEEN).

You will be given some additional exemplars to help you get a feel of the standards. Study MS carefully (particularly additional guidance) and follow guidance from your TL. You may be given additional exemplars to mark apart from practice scripts Your TL will discuss this Needs very careful application of mark scheme. Again. This will be a question that can be tricky to mark.F331/01 Fill colour No fill Mark Scheme June 2013 Should be no issues (or only minor ones) applying mark scheme Needs careful application of mark scheme because there are wording issues. 7 . ecf’s etc. pay particular attention to the additional guidance and the comments on practice scripts.

but does not score on own.F331/01 Mark Scheme June 2013 Question 1 (a) (i) Answer methanol  alkene(s)  Marks 1 Guidance methan-1-ol does not score. and if with methanol is a CON ‘spelling must be unambiguous’ IGNORE any references to branching cycloalkene is a CON ALLOW ‘mis-spellings if meaning is clear’ NOT skeleton ALLOW reversed NOT distillation on own ALLOW ‘fractionation’ ALLOW mis-spellings if meaning is clear No ECF from wrong formula in (b)(i) ALLOW structural formulae QWC: Adsorbed/adsorption/adsorb SPG.5 OR 15/2 8 . must be spelled correctly to score first marking point. ‘Their bonds’ AW is ok if reactants have been mentioned in first marking point NOT ‘bonds between reactants break’ Any reference to new bonds forming IGNORE comments about catalyst surface providing reaction route of lower Ea or explanation of heterogeneous (ii) 1 (iii) Skeletal (formula)  (b) (i) (ii) C4H8  fractional distillation  1 1 1 (iii) C12H26 → C4H8 + C8H18  (iv) Reactants/molecules/substances adsorbed on catalyst (surface)  bonds (with)in/intramolecular bonds in reactants (weaken and) break  new bonds form OR bonds form in products  product/new molecules desorb/diffuse off/leave catalyst (surface)  (c) (i) C5H12O(l) + 7½O2(g) → 5CO2(g) + 6H2O(l)  1 4 1 DO NOT ALLOW multiples etc (question asks per mole burnt) ALLOW 7.

Must be comparative statement to score first mark IGNORE ideas about CO being formed then further oxidised IGNORE ‘clean burning’ IGNORE MTBE is an oxygenate IGNORE reference to number of moles of oxygen needed by pentane/MTBE CON O2 or ‘oxygen molecule’ both needed ALLOW correct formulae (with upper case – BOD if unclear) IGNORE formulae if names present any indication that wedge sticks out and dashed goes in scores this mark NOT ‘(chemical) formula’ ALLOW ‘same number of each atom’ or ‘same number and types of atoms’ ALLOW different arrangement (of atoms) ALLOW different skeletal formulae ALLOW ‘do not have same number of atoms’ OR answer in terms of ‘more C or H’ If formulae are written they must be correct or this will CON second mark vital word is ‘grow/growing/growth’ etc in the context that they can be replenished NOT just ‘while living’ To score both points 2 and 3.F331/01 Question 1 (c) (ii) Mark Scheme Answer burns more completely / more complete combustion / less incomplete combustion  Marks 2 June 2013 Guidance Assume answer refers to MTBE unless otherwise stated. CO2 must be mentioned or implied in both the answers If no reference to idea of balance maximum total mark is 2 IGNORE references to C or CO already partially/slightly oxidised/contains an O (atom) in molecule OR pentane only has C and H (atoms)/no O atoms  (iii) nitrogen AND carbon dioxide  1 (d) (i) (ii) wedges: bonds in front of plane of paper and dashed line: bonds behind  (molecules with) same molecular formula but different structural formula/arrangement of atoms  1 2 (MTBE and ETBE) do not have same molecular formula  (e) comes from crops which can be re-grown/AW  plants take in/absorb/use CO2 for photosynthesis/growth  3 (roughly) balances out CO2 produced on burning  Total 20 9 .

bases (b) (i) less heat transfer to surroundings (in polystyrene cup)  (ii) Mark any two from those below:  (specific) heat capacity of HCl/solution same as water / 4.18 mass of water same as mass of HCl/solution negligible/little/no heat loss to surroundings volume of solution = mass of solution OR density of solution is 1 g cm-3 / same as water more hydroxide ions in (a mole of) aluminium hydroxide OR more/three hydroxide ions (per mole) ORA  2 (c) 10 .2 is incorrect IGNORE references to volume changes/evaporation IGNORE ‘all solid reacts’ IGNORE references to Joules IGNORE reference to standard conditions 1 Assume ‘it’ refers to one mole of aluminium hydroxide ALLOW ‘(aluminium hydroxide) requires three moles HCl’ ALLOW OH groups but not OH molecules ALLOW OH– / ‘OH ions’ instead of hydroxide ions DO NOT ALLOW ‘higher concentration’ of hydroxide ions IGNORE references to alkalinity.F331/01 Question 2 (a) Answer Mg(OH)2(s) + 2HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + 2H2O(l) formulae and balancing  state symbols (ss)  Mark Scheme Marks 2 Guidance ALLOW multiples etc June 2013 Award ss mark alone for unbalanced equation with the correct formulae and correct ss or balanced equation but incorrect formulae for Mg hydroxide and chloride but correct ss 1 ALLOW better (thermal) insulator / reduces heat loss / minimise heat loss ALLOW ‘less heat absorbed by/lost to cup’ / worse conductor Answer must be comparative IGNORE safety points eg broken glass IGNORE ‘specific heat capacity of water is 4. 4.18’.

3 = 0.9(…) or 57 or 57.3  Mark Scheme Marks 3 Guidance ALLOW 84 ALLOW two or more sf’s NB If 84 used ALLOW 57.0024 x 24000 = 57 cm3  (multiplying some calculated number by 24000 and working out answer correctly) (ii) measure of disorder/chaos/number of ‘ways of arranging’  2 NB 56.F331/01 Question 2 (d) (i) Answer molar mass of MgCO3 = 84.88 or 56..14(.2 ÷ 84..2 by a number and working out answer correctly) volume = 0.) must not be rounded to fewer than 2sf June 2013 moles of MgCO3 = 0.14(…) or 57.6 or 58 on answer line scores all three marks Just ‘how particles can be arranged’ too vague DO NOT ALLOW ‘ways of arranging atoms’ or ‘ways a molecule can be arranged’ or ‘disorder of atoms’ ALLOW ‘ways of arranging a compound/substance’ Must be implication that gas is a product NOT just ‘increased entropy’ (in stem) ALLOW more chemical species/substances/products on product side but NOT more moles/particles on RHS 11 gas on product side/formed have more disorder/ways of arrangement/chaos OR gases formed have greater entropy (than solid/liquids)  Total 11 .00237(2) /0.0024  (dividing 0.

or number of electrons/bonds CON ALLOW other symbols eg x’s (b) 1 Simple Covalent High molecular network C (diamond) silicon CO2 SiO2         (c) (i) linear / 180 (o)  two set of electrons/regions of negative charge around carbon/central atom  repel as far as possible/minimise electron repulsion  3 IGNORE straight or planar MUST mention electrons or negative centres/regions somewhere to be able to gain third mp IGNORE ‘repel as much as possible’ (ii) 3 (c) (iii) dative/co-ordinate (covalent)  1 2 Check there are two C electrons and four O electrons matching lone pair symbols.F331/01 Question 3 (a) Mark Scheme Answer in the same group as carbon / same number of outer electrons / can form four covalent bonds  Substance Type of structure Melting point Low Marks 1 June 2013 Guidance If ‘below’ is used it must be directly below Wrong group no. 12 . Ignore arrow.

amount of carbon-14/count (rate) in living material today is the same as when organism died.F331/01 Question Answer Mark Scheme Marks Guidance IGNORE any brackets around symbols June 2013 lone pairs  correct six electrons in shared area (need NOT have circles)  (d) (i) 2 one mark for correct beta particle on right hand side   (ii) 3 half-lives elapsed  3 x 6000 = 18. Total 2 14 13 .000 years ago (iii) Mark any two from those below:  half-life unaffected by temp/pressure.5 scores first marking point ALLOW ecf from clearly stated number of half-lives both marks scored if 18.000 on answer line IGNORE ‘rate of decay constant’ IGNORE ‘daughter’ product ALLOW ‘changed by metamorphic events’ ALLOW the last ice age was less than 50. levels of C14 in atmosphere have remained constant.000 years  2 ALLOW central electrons in any order or arrangement ALLOW: – (minus) beta particle on left hand side of equation DO NOT ALLOW e– ALLOW β symbol instead of e Numbers on right of symbols scores one mark if all correct 100>50>25>12. all count rate comes from carbon-14. no loss OR gain of radioisotope/C-14/C-12/C/organic material.

7102  = 87.02) + (88 x 82. ALLOW complete species eg Sr2+ ALLOW words If list mark first two and IGNORE the rest CON first point mention of any gas other than hydrogen Wrong substance as a precipitate is a CON on 2nd point DO NOT ALLOW ‘H’ IGNORE equations (b) 2+ 1 (c) Any two of:  Gas/hydrogen/H2 given off/fizzing/bubbling/effervescence goes cloudy/white/milky ppt or solid gets warm/exothermic calcium dissolves / disappears (i) SrCO3 → SrO + CO2  2 (d) 1 ‘Heat’ in equation is CON (ignore if on arrow) Any wrong symbol scores zero IGNORE state symbols First mark for a viable technique (Heat samples and) collect gas in syringe etc.86) + (87 x 7.7 to 3 sig figs  IGNORE any units given Any number to 3 sf from a correctly evaluated calculation scores sf mark 87.7 on answer line scores all three and 87.560) + (86 x 9.56)  ÷ 100 = 87. ALLOW +2.71(02) scores two marks must show charge.F331/01 Question 4 (a) (i) (ii) Answer protons 38 electrons 38 neutrons 50 Mark Scheme Marks 1 3 Guidance June 2013 (84 x 0. or measure (loss of) mass  Production of gas / change of mass or volume is found  Final two marking points as on left Must be a ‘time element’ eg rate of gas production (ii) Bubble gases through lime water/calcium hydroxide solution/ correct formula  lime water cloudy/white/milky/ppt forms  4 longer time or slower (to give gas) has greater (thermal) stability ora  strontium (carbonate) has greater (thermal) stability ora  Question requires a general answer so IGNORE references to amount/mass/volume etc of chemicals 14 .

F331/01 Question 4 (e) (i) Answer (relative) abundance  Mark Scheme Marks 1 Guidance June 2013 IGNORE qualification ALLOW amount/concentration/’how much’/percentage NOT ‘percentage intensity’ IGNORE mass of isotope No alternatives ALLOW D2O or O-20 or THO or H317O+ ALLOW O with 12 neutrons (ii) H2O+/H216O+  1 1 (iii) O-18 (isotope in water molecule)  Total 15 15 .