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A012 SEISMIC FACIES ANALYSIS FOR FLUVIAL
DEPOSITIONS CHARACTERIZATION, THE FERGANA VALLEY EXAMPLE
T.L. BABADZHANOV , R.LARIJANI , G. SHILOV , А. AHVERDIEV AND А. RYKOV
1 2 1 2 2 2 2

OAO Uzbekgeophyzika, Tashkent

Fugro-Jason, 125009, Moscow,Tverskayaя, 16 / 2, building1

Abstract
Seismic facies analyses have become an important part of present day exploration and development of oil and gas plays. A large part of the value of seismic facies analysis depends however on whether or not local geological factors have been taken into account correctly. The importance of this is even more dominant when dealing with lithological or combined structural-lithological traps. To illustrate such seismic facies analysis this paper presents the results of a study of the deep oil and gas field in the Fergana Valley, a mega-syncline inside of the Tyan-Shan zone, Uzbekistan. The main productive formation in this field is consisting of large channel systems and fluvial plain deposition facies. The channel systems are complicated and show rapid lateral and vertical variations of sandstone properties both in shale content as well as grain size composition. Single stack acoustic or elastic inversion alone could not discriminate between sandstone and shale. Global Simultaneous AVO Inversion was found to be able to make this discrimination. As a result of the study the geological model of the productive formation was refined and a better understanding of the subsurface resulted in a better volumetrics and connectivity estimation.

Introduction
Geologically, the study area is a faulted anticline where the main fault is reversed and separates the structure into two parts: the Northern area and the Southern area. The productive Neogen deposition (a.k.a. KKC2 or red-brick formation) is composed of continental sediments, mainly paleo river systems sandstones and fluvial plain shales. In order to delineate the geometry and extent of the channel system, a seismic facies analysis based on seismic and well data was conducted. During this analysis lithological composition, effective porosity, hydrocarbon saturation and facial composition as well as productive formation markers correlation and high-pressure zones have been estimated from well data penetrating the Neogen formation.

Method
As simple seismic interpretation on post-stack inversion is not able to discriminate between the producing sandstones and the interbedded shales, the away-from-well information was developed using a proprietary global Simultaneous AVO Inversion technology. This inversion technology produces three base volumes: acoustic impedance (Zp), shear impedance (Zs), and density (ρ). Next to these secondary combined volumes can be developed such as Poissons ratio (PR), MuRho (µρ) and LambdaRho (λρ).

EAGE 66th Conference & Exhibition — Paris, France, 7 - 10 June 2004

λρ. . Vdol. Zs. Well data analysis. This seismic data is then cut into partial angle stacks of near (5-12).). Correlation of the relationship between averaged seismic inversion attributes and averaged reservoir properties (hydrocarbon saturated thickness. λρ and µρ the extent and geometry of key stratigraphic formations and the main fault can be determined. Seismic inversion attributes calibration based on the best-derived correlation relationships. λρ and µρ) and petrophysical and reservoir properties (porosity. Log data can be used as well for over-pressured zone delineation. A common error is that the correlations are done without differentiation into separate subsets of different lithofacies. µρ. Seismic Inversion attributes correlation 1. For instance for terrigenous deposits the standard facial interpretation workflow of the log data includes the following steps: log data quality control. They also serve as a basis for the low frequency model used in the inversion. Zs. During facies determination based on log and core data it is necessary to take into account several geological in-situ factors [2]. lithofacies post-detrital changes estimation. Mapping of average and RMS values of the seismic inversion attributes in the target intervals. This loop gives us a refined and geologically correct model of the reservoir. Hsr. ρ. Petrophysical and lithofacies modeling 1. and to estimate wavelets for each partial angle stack. ρ. ρ. Seismic facies analysis normally should be conducted after structural interpretation is finished and all structural ambiguities are resolved. Reservoir properties interpolation based on evaluated and validated correlation relations between seismic inversion attributes and reservoir properties. log and core data. Vsilt. Zs. reservoir lithology and fluids. etc.) and facies reservoir properties determined from well. Secondly log editing. Vp. Net Pay. the constraints and the well log based low frequency models are used as input data to a global Simultaneous AVO Inversion. The log modeling results are used to predict lithofacies. facial genesis analysis with help of genetic models of the log facies. lithological composition and reservoir properties determination. 2. Vlimst. Knowledge of geothermal conditions and over-pressured zones correlating to productive formations help us determine diagenetic trends for rock physical properties. QC and processing steps. Firstly the seismic 3D data needs to be reprocessed for amplitude preservation. log calibration and petrophysics modeling needs to be performed based on all wells.2 An essential aspect to warrant the validity and minimize the uncertainty of the quantitative information is a sequence of data conditioning. Finally the three partial angle stacks. The quantitative petrophysical interpretation of the Global Simultaneous AVO inversion results were conducted according to the next workflow: Reservoir properties evaluation 1. and finally paleotectonic analysis. Evaluation of the best correlation relationship between averaged inversion attributes and averaged petrophysical and reservoir (elastic) properties. Averaged seismic inversion attributes analysis in the target intervals. Evaluation of the best correlations between seismic inversion attributes (Zp. etc. 2. With the derived volumes of Zp. Vclst. Vs and bulk density are then conditioned to rockphysics models in every well of the project [1]. medium (9-18) and far angles (1635). effective porosity). the extracted wavelets. linear reserves. In the illustrated workflow used in this study seismic facies delineation is based on correlation relations between seismic inversion attributes (Zp. shaliness.

EAGE 66th Conference & Exhibition — Paris. with ρ and with λρ. REFERENCES [1] [2] S. G. As an example Figures 1 and 2 show two of these cross plots generated for the formation Neogen. Geophysical Prospecting.Calgary.Zp). 2000. tectonically and lithologically distinct. Particularly. averaged in the objective interval. Bogaards and G. Simultaneous inversion of the Ladybug prospect and derivation of a lithotype volume. From the inverted seismic attributes calibration.7) with Zp.) with relative error 0.S. Shilov and I. ρ. 3D seismic interpretation results including facies analysis from seismic inversion combined with log and core data demonstrated that NEOGEN reservoir geobodies were genetically associated with river channel complex sandstones and siltstones.10 June 2004 [3] .E. 43. 2001.Jenkins. Figure 2 shows a well log crossplot of ρ versus Zp. Oil saturated intervals tend to coincide with low clay content which in turn corresponds to the intervals of lower values in inverted seismic impedance and lower density.017. it was shown that the attribute λρ gives the best correlation to effective porosity (with correlation coefficient of -0. 1995. France. 7 .Y. Figure 3 shows how the lithofacies modeling results in a map discriminating the fluvial plane facies from the channel facies. CONCLUSION It was found that the targeted stratigraphic interval Neogen is composed of medium and coarse-grained sandstones as well as siltstones that are genetically related to a main and a secondary paleo river channel system. Fowler. Based on all the information and relationships as described above a sequence to transform inverted seismic attributes to reservoir properties was developed. Seismic facies analysis based on seismic inversion attributes crossplots (Zp-Zs.83). ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors wish to thank OAO UZBEKGEOPHYSIKA for the authorization to publish this paper. Following from this reservoir characterization process a refined geological model of the study area was built and reserve estimates were improved.3 2. A new velocity model for clay-sand mixtures. Oil pools associated with the above sandstones and siltstones are complicated in nature and structurally. Dgapharov. The close relationships between petrophysical and reservoir properties on the one hand and seismic inverted attributes on the other hand. Moscow. Figure 1 shows a crossplot of effective porosity at well control versus λρ from seismic inversion. In general the targeted Neogen interval can be delineated on the majority of the well data. effective porosity has a good correlation (more then 0. as well as lithology and facies-confined characterization of the reservoir made it possible to conduct seismic facies analysis and to map the different facies. M. Xu and R. SEG annual meeting. J. It was found as well that there is a good correlation between the lower density values and the higher oil saturated thickness intervals (with correlation coefficient -0. pp 91-118. The polygon in this figure may be used to separate the shaley fluvial plain facies from the channel facies. White.8. Genetic models of sedimentary and vulcanogenic rocks and technology of facial interpretation based on geological and geophysical data.

color coded by Vclay. Figure 2: Cross plot of density versus seismic impedance for 9 wells for the NEOGEN formation. .4 Figure. Figure 3: NEOGEN formation channel facies (green) and fluvial plain facies (red) map based on lithofacial analysis.1: Correlation relation between effective porosity from the wells and λρ from inversion averaged over the NEOGEN interval. The polygon may be used to discriminate fluvial plain facies (shale) from channel facies (sand-siltstone).