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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

ANSWER KEY TO INCHO - 2008
Question No. 1 Subdivisions 1.1 F2-1.6, 1.3 F2: - 1.4

F2– - 1.1, 1.3 F2– : -1.9

1.2 1.4

F atom -3.4, 4.15

F2 molecule -3.0, 3.2

1.5

F2 1.6 1.8 F2 – 1.0 I1 = 18.9 eV F2– - 0.5 I2 = 15.6 eV

F2–1 1.7 1.9 F2– I1 = !*2p I2 = !2p

Question No. 2 Subdivisions 2.1 (a) Z-5-methyl hex-2-en-1-al

(b) Z-2-methyl-1-phenyl hept-1-en-6-yne

2.2

B

C

2.3

2.4 2.5

(i) E (a) iv

(ii) D (b) iii

(iii) E (c) ii (d) v (e) i

2.6

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

2.7

D.

E.

F.

2.8

G.

Br – CH2 – CH = CH – CH2 – Br

H.

I.

J.

2.9

K.

2.10

L.

Question No. 3 Subdivisions 3.1 (i) (iv) 3.2 aromatic yes (ii) (v) aromatic acidic (iii) (vi) a)

I < III < II

3.3

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

3.4

3.5

A.

B.

C.

D.

3.6

iv

Question No. 4 Subdivisions 4.1 8.17 × 10–8 bar 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.9 641.02 K Rate = k [NO] [Cl2] Mechanism I and II both are possible. Extent of the reaction at completion = 0.195.
2

4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8

304 K Yes the reaction will proceed towards NOCl. Ea = 98.82 kJ / mol Extent of the reaction = 0.1.

Question No. 5 Subdivisions 5.1 a. 5.3

5.2

b.

X1 : Solid phase ; X2 : Solid-Liquid equilibrium phase ; X3 : Liquid - Gas equilibrium phase ; X4 : Gas Phase

5.4

5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9

b Volume will increase on melting. Single Phase system called supercritical Fluid. c # # p1 = "1 . p1º = (1 – "2)p1º p1º – p1 = "2 . p1º or $p1 / p1º = "2 nA = An [A] = (b)
n KC 2

$p1 = "2 p1º

5.10 5.11

56 (a)

C1 KD = n C

2

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

Question No. 6 Subdivisions

6.1

6.2

P4 (s) + 3NaOH + 3H2O % PH3(g) + 3H2PO2– Na+

6.3

(a)

or

or

(b) (c) 6.4

hypophosphite-reducing agent phosphate - reducing agent They are reducing agents due to presence of P–H bond and lower oxidation state of P.

Ca5(PO4)3F + 5H2SO4 % 3H3PO4 + 5CaSO4 + HF

6.5

or

6.6 6.7

504 gs of CaO. PCl3 + O2 % 2Cl3PO POCl3 + 3EtOH % O=P(OEt)3 + 3HCl

6.8

6.9

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

Question No. 7 Subdivisions 7.1 Co3+ : 3d6 4S0 7.2 A B Pink : [Co(NH3)5.H2O]Cl3 : Purple : [CoCl(NH3)5]Cl2 : Pentammine aqua cobalt (III)chloride Pentaamine chlorocobalt (III)chloride.

7.3

7.4

a.

b.

diamagnetic

7.5

7.6

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

Facial isomer - one peak due to ammonia (with all similar environments) Meridional isomer - two peaks

7.8

Question No. 8 Subdivisions 8.1 Fe(s) + 2OH– (aq) = FeO(s) + H2O(!) + 2e– Ni2O3 (s) + H2O(!) + 2e– = 2NiO(s) + 2OH–(aq) Fe(s) + Ni2O3(s) = FeO(s) + 2NiO(s) 8.2 8.3 8.4 iii Eºcell = 0.83633 V , Ecell = 0.80283 V

Ag(s) + Fe3+ (aq) = Fe2+ (aq) + Ag+ (aq) Fe(s) + 2Ag+ (aq) = Fe2+ (aq) + 2Ag (s) K = 2.97 [Fe3+] = 0.01

8.5

Question No. 9 Subdivisions 9.1 H2HCH2COOH 9.2 (i) Nylon

(ii)

9.3

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Indian National Chemistry Olympiad - 2008 (Chemistry)

9.4

(a)

(b)

9.5 9.6

(i)

4

(ii)

A - aspartic acid B - alanine C - argining

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