# B.E./B.Tech.

DEGREE EXAMINATIONS, JANUARY 2012
First Semester
MA2111 – MATHEMATICS – I
(Common to all branches)
(Regulations 2008)
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 Marks
PART A – (10 x 2 = 20 marks)
1. The product of two eigenvalues of the matrix A
− −− − ( ( ( (
( ( ( (
= − − = − − = − − = − −
( ( ( (
( ( ( ( − −− −
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
6 2 2
2 3 1
2 1 3
is 16. Find the third eigenvalue
of A.
2. Can
1 0
0 1
A
| | | | | | | |
= == =
| | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
be diagonalized? Why?
3. Find the equation of the sphere concentric with
2 2 2
4 6 8 4 0 x y z x y z + + − + − + = + + − + − + = + + − + − + = + + − + − + = and passing
through the point ( (( ( ) )) ) 1, 2, 3 .
4. Find the equation of the right circular cone with vertex at the origin, whose axis is
x y z
= = = = = = = =
− −− − 1 1 2
and
with a semi-vertical angle 30.
5. Find the radius of curvature for
x
y e = == = at the point where it cuts the y-axis.
6. Find the envelope of the family of lines
x
yt c
t
+ = + = + = + = 2 , where t is the parameter.
7. If
y
u x = == = , show that
u u
x y y x
∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂
= == =
∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂
2 2
.
8. If x u v = − = − = − = −
2 2
and y uv = == = 2 , find the Jacobian of x and y with respect to uand v .
9. Express f x y dxdy
∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
0 0
( , ) in polar co-ordinates.

10. Evaluate
y x y
dxdydz
+ ++ +
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
1
0 0 0
.
PART B – (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11. (a) (i) Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of A
( ( ( (
( ( ( (
= == =
( ( ( (
( ( ( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
2 2 1
1 3 1
1 2 2
.
(ii) Find
n
A using Cayley Hamilton theorem, taking A
( ( ( (
= == =
( ( ( (
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
1 4
2 3
. Hence find A
3
.
Or
(b) Reduce the quadratic form x y z xy + + + + + + + + + + + +
2 2 2
2 5 3 4 to canonical form by orthogonal reduction and
state its nature.
12. (a) (i) Obtain the equation of the sphere having the circle x y z y z + + + − − = + + + − − = + + + − − = + + + − − =
2 2 2
10 4 8 0 ,
x y z + + = + + = + + = + + = 3 as the greatest circle.
(ii) Find the equation of the cone formed by rotating the line x y + = + = + = + = 2 3 6,
0 z = == = about the y – axis.
Or
(b) (i) Obtain the equation of the tangent planes to the sphere x y z x y z + + + − + − = + + + − + − = + + + − + − = + + + − + − =
2 2 2
2 4 6 7 0,
which intersect in the line x y z − − = = + − − = = + − − = = + − − = = + 6 3 23 0 3 2 .
(ii) Find the equation of the right circular cylinder of radius 2 and whose axis is the line
x y z − − − − − − − − − − − −
= = = = = = = =
1 2 3
2 1 2
.
13. (a) (i) If
ax
y
a x
= == =
+ ++ +
, prove that
x y
a y x
ρ ρρ ρ | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |
= + = + = + = +
| | | | | | | | | | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
2
2/ 3 2
2
, where ρ ρρ ρ is the radius of curvature.
(ii) Find the circle of curvature of x y a + = + = + = + = at
a a | | | | | | | |
| | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
,
4 4
.
Or
(b) (i) Find the evolute of the parabola
2
4 y ax = == = .

(ii) Find the envelope of
x y
l m
+ = + = + = + = 1, where the parameters l and m are connected by the
relation
l m
a b
+ = + = + = + = 1( a and b are constants).
14. (a) (i) If ( , ) z f x y = == = , where
2 2
, 2 x u v y uv = − = = − = = − = = − = , prove that
( (( ( ) )) )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
4
z z z z
u v
u v x y
| | | | | | | | ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂
+ = + + + = + + + = + + + = + +
| | | |
∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
.
(ii) Find the Taylor’s series expansion of
2 2 2 2
2 3 x y x y xy + + + + + + + + in powers of ( 2) x + ++ + and
( 1) y − −− − upto 3
rd
degree terms.
Or
(b) (i) If , , x y z u y z uv z uvw + + = + = = + + = + = = + + = + = = + + = + = = prove that
2
( , , )
( , , )
x y z
u v
u v w
∂ ∂∂ ∂
= == =
∂ ∂∂ ∂
.
(ii) Find the extreme values of the function
3 3
( , ) 3 12 20 f x y x y x y = + − − + = + − − + = + − − + = + − − + .
15. (a) (i) Change the order of integration in
( (( ( ) )) )
b a x
a a
x dydx
− −− −
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
2 2
2
0 0
and then evaluate it.
(ii) Transform the double integral
a a x
ax x
dxdy
a x y
− −− −
− −− −
− − − − − − − −
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
2 2
2
2 2 2
0
into polar co-ordinates and then
evaluate it.
Or
(b) (i) Evaluate
x y
x
dxdydz
x y z
− − − − − − − −
− −− −
− − − − − − − − − − − −
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫
2 2
2
1
1 1
2 2 2
0 0 0
1
.
(ii) Find the smaller of the areas bounded by the ellipse x y + = + = + = + =
2 2
4 9 36and the straight line
x y + = + = + = + = 2 3 6.