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**DEGREE EXAMINATIONS, JANUARY 2012
**

First Semester

MA2111 – MATHEMATICS – I

(Common to all branches)

(Regulations 2008)

Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 Marks

Answer ALL questions

PART A – (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. The product of two eigenvalues of the matrix A

− −− − ( ( ( (

( ( ( (

= − − = − − = − − = − −

( ( ( (

( ( ( ( − −− −

¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸

6 2 2

2 3 1

2 1 3

is 16. Find the third eigenvalue

of A.

2. Can

1 0

0 1

A

| | | | | | | |

= == =

| | | |

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

be diagonalized? Why?

3. Find the equation of the sphere concentric with

2 2 2

4 6 8 4 0 x y z x y z + + − + − + = + + − + − + = + + − + − + = + + − + − + = and passing

through the point ( (( ( ) )) ) 1, 2, 3 .

4. Find the equation of the right circular cone with vertex at the origin, whose axis is

x y z

= = = = = = = =

− −− − 1 1 2

and

with a semi-vertical angle 30.

5. Find the radius of curvature for

x

y e = == = at the point where it cuts the y-axis.

6. Find the envelope of the family of lines

x

yt c

t

+ = + = + = + = 2 , where t is the parameter.

7. If

y

u x = == = , show that

u u

x y y x

∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂

= == =

∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂

2 2

.

8. If x u v = − = − = − = −

2 2

and y uv = == = 2 , find the Jacobian of x and y with respect to uand v .

9. Express f x y dxdy

∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞ ∞

∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫

0 0

( , ) in polar co-ordinates.

10. Evaluate

y x y

dxdydz

+ ++ +

∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫

1

0 0 0

.

PART B – (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) (i) Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of A

( ( ( (

( ( ( (

= == =

( ( ( (

( ( ( (

¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸

2 2 1

1 3 1

1 2 2

.

(ii) Find

n

A using Cayley Hamilton theorem, taking A

( ( ( (

= == =

( ( ( (

¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ ¸

1 4

2 3

. Hence find A

3

.

Or

(b) Reduce the quadratic form x y z xy + + + + + + + + + + + +

2 2 2

2 5 3 4 to canonical form by orthogonal reduction and

state its nature.

12. (a) (i) Obtain the equation of the sphere having the circle x y z y z + + + − − = + + + − − = + + + − − = + + + − − =

2 2 2

10 4 8 0 ,

x y z + + = + + = + + = + + = 3 as the greatest circle.

(ii) Find the equation of the cone formed by rotating the line x y + = + = + = + = 2 3 6,

0 z = == = about the y – axis.

Or

(b) (i) Obtain the equation of the tangent planes to the sphere x y z x y z + + + − + − = + + + − + − = + + + − + − = + + + − + − =

2 2 2

2 4 6 7 0,

which intersect in the line x y z − − = = + − − = = + − − = = + − − = = + 6 3 23 0 3 2 .

(ii) Find the equation of the right circular cylinder of radius 2 and whose axis is the line

x y z − − − − − − − − − − − −

= = = = = = = =

1 2 3

2 1 2

.

13. (a) (i) If

ax

y

a x

= == =

+ ++ +

, prove that

x y

a y x

ρ ρρ ρ | | | | | | | |

| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

= + = + = + = +

| | | | | | | | | | | |

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

2

2/ 3 2

2

, where ρ ρρ ρ is the radius of curvature.

(ii) Find the circle of curvature of x y a + = + = + = + = at

a a | | | | | | | |

| | | |

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

,

4 4

.

Or

(b) (i) Find the evolute of the parabola

2

4 y ax = == = .

(ii) Find the envelope of

x y

l m

+ = + = + = + = 1, where the parameters l and m are connected by the

relation

l m

a b

+ = + = + = + = 1( a and b are constants).

14. (a) (i) If ( , ) z f x y = == = , where

2 2

, 2 x u v y uv = − = = − = = − = = − = , prove that

( (( ( ) )) )

2 2 2 2

2 2

2 2 2 2

4

z z z z

u v

u v x y

| | | | | | | | ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂

+ = + + + = + + + = + + + = + +

| | | |

∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂ ∂

\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

.

(ii) Find the Taylor’s series expansion of

2 2 2 2

2 3 x y x y xy + + + + + + + + in powers of ( 2) x + ++ + and

( 1) y − −− − upto 3

rd

degree terms.

Or

(b) (i) If , , x y z u y z uv z uvw + + = + = = + + = + = = + + = + = = + + = + = = prove that

2

( , , )

( , , )

x y z

u v

u v w

∂ ∂∂ ∂

= == =

∂ ∂∂ ∂

.

(ii) Find the extreme values of the function

3 3

( , ) 3 12 20 f x y x y x y = + − − + = + − − + = + − − + = + − − + .

15. (a) (i) Change the order of integration in

( (( ( ) )) )

b a x

a a

x dydx

− −− −

∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫

2 2

2

0 0

and then evaluate it.

(ii) Transform the double integral

a a x

ax x

dxdy

a x y

− −− −

− −− −

− − − − − − − −

∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫

2 2

2

2 2 2

0

into polar co-ordinates and then

evaluate it.

Or

(b) (i) Evaluate

x y

x

dxdydz

x y z

− − − − − − − −

− −− −

− − − − − − − − − − − −

∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ ∫

2 2

2

1

1 1

2 2 2

0 0 0

1

.

(ii) Find the smaller of the areas bounded by the ellipse x y + = + = + = + =

2 2

4 9 36and the straight line

x y + = + = + = + = 2 3 6.

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