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CR.P.C Sec.

340 PROCEEDINGS
Section 138 & Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 340 - Dishonour of cheque - Accused producing receipt showing payment - Contention of complainant that receipt is forged - Application for initiating proceedings u/s 340 Cr.P.C. - During the enquiry under ection 340 Cr.P.C. the only point for consideration would !e whether there is prima facie material to proceed against the person concerned - "#en during the enquiry under ection 340 Cr.P.C. the question of genuineness or otherwise of the document in question would not !e finally ad$udicated.%&/s &. . hoes "ast 'imited (s &/s &odella )nitwear 'imited* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 30+ %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0+,0 6 +,,- %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 04-; 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;,< Section 138 & Criminal Procedure Code, 1973, Section 340 Dishonour of cheque - Accused producing receipt showing payment Contention of complainant that receipt is forged - "nquiry !y Court under ection 340 Cr.P.C. initiated - Proceedings under ection +3- cannot !e stayed pending enquiry - cope of !oth the proceedings is different. %&/s &. . hoes "ast 'imited (s &/s &odella )nitwear 'imited* +,,-%+* C.(.' C/012 CA " 30+ %P45* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0+,0 6 +,,- %+* 1C1 %C1'.* 04-; 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;,<

REQUEST TO REPRESE T C!EQUE"
Section 138 - Cheque dishonoured - 9otice issued - 1equest to present the cheque once again - Cheque represented - Cheque again dishonoured econd notice returned with an endorsement =always a!sent= - Cause of action has arisen only on the first notice. %&/s A!raham Chac>o 4 Co. (s )alleppuram &etals* +,,,%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " +; %)erala* Section 138 - Dishonour of cheque - 9otice issued - .ntimation !y drawer to payee or the holder in due course thereafter that sufficient amount is a#aila!le in the !an> to honour the cheque - Does not a!sol#e him from his lia!ility to pay the amount. %.tty &athew (s 1amani* +,,-%;* C.(.' C/012 CA " 4+< %)erala* 6 +,,- . 7 %8A9).9:* 0<33 6 +,,- %3* C.(.' '7 0-3, 6 +,,- %3* 1C1 %C1'.* 0303 6 +,,- %3* C1.&" 0;<3

* P$RT P$(#E T #$)E" Section 138.&..8harti (s 2he 5ome ecretary@ 0nion 2erritory of Chandigarh 4 /rs.%+* 8A9).' C/012 CA " .9:* 0003 6 +. %Ar#ind &ane>alal 2ailor (s tate of :u$arat* .ame to !e pro#ed at the trial .(.. Criminal Procedure Code.004%4* C1.(.1emedy of compensation is in addition to common law remedy for reco#ery of amount co#ered !y cheque.004%. 1973.Dishonour of cheque .' C/012 CA " +4< %A.* . lacs As per agreement drawer paying the amount in instalments .* 6 +.&.Post dated cheque issued for 1s. %1. Section 3&7 . %:u$.Drawee is entitled to compensation .. 6 +./nly small amount remained to !e paid .* .(.210C201A' D"?"C2 69/ /??"9C" Section 138 .Compensation .00+%+* C.CO#PE S$T%O " Section 138. .9o offence u/s +3.* C. any defect in its form@ want of signature@ date not properly written@ figure of the amount has !een o#erwritten or erasures in the drawerAs name etc. %8a!ulal 9ainmal 7ain (s )him$i 1atanshi Dedhia* +..Payment already made .' C/012 CA " -< %)arnata>a* D ..004%.00+%.Plea of .Dishonour of cheque due to structural defects i.Con#iction Compensation .is made out. %&/s A. 117 .* . % ri )rishna 8hupathi (s Chandana Constructions* .Part payment .Agencies (s 0nited Phosphorus 'td..9ot a ground for quashing proceedings.ection +3..2here is no limit on power of &agistrate to fiC quantum of compensation.&agistrate has power to impose fine !y way of compensation for payment to complainant .is not attracted .(.e.Drawee presenting the cheque which was dishonoured . Section 48* .. Criminal Procedure Code.9A' C/012 CA " B3 %P45* Section' 138..2his section is also not attracted if drawer refuses to replace the cheque.&.%3* &A5 '7 0B<.' C/012 CA " 34+ %8om. 1973..D.P. 7 %8A9).9A' C/012 CA " 4B %)arnata>a* Section 138 . . 6 +.9: CA " 033..* C1.* C.%+* C.

(s &/s.2rial Court has to consider the effect of return of dishonoured cheque to accused .Payment of cheque amount during pendency of appeal against con#iction .&.* 0..(.7.B%.004%+* C.9..(. '.C.&..' C/012 CA " +3 %)erala* D .+ Section 138 .n #iew of su!sequent de#elopment@ sentence reduced to period already undergone and fine maintained.* Section 138 .00+%+* AP"E C/012 7/019A' -%+* % .B %3* 1C1 %C1'.n the instant case complaint quashed.003%+* C1.Cheque and 8an>As memo returned to drawer Contention of accused that he paid the amount .&ere entry in the account !oo>s cannot !e ta>en as a conclusi#e proof for the discharge of the onus as the account !oo>s are self-ser#ing statements.Section 138 .. awhney 8rothers* . %Aashirwad "nterprises (s am!har alts 'td.As offence is pro#ed con#iction is to !e maintained . (s Anitha* . %2he>>an 4 Co./nus is hea#y .Accused pleaded payment .* 003< 6 +. (s Anitha* .Part payment made .' C/012 CA " +3 %)erala* D .* C. %9arender Anand (s &/s &aruti 0dyog 'td.* 6 +.9A' C/012 CA " <3 %)erala* Section 138 .(.* C.3 %Delhi* Section 138 .9A' C/012 CA " 3.Accused has committed the offence u/s +3.' C/012 CA " 333 %Delhi* 6 +.(. %7auss Polymers 'td.Payment of cheque amount after institution of complaint . CA " 03B< 6 +.. .' C/012 CA " 3<4 %P45* Section 138 .. 4 Anr.* .9othing precludes a Court from ta>ing into account prior payments made !efore the presentation of the cheque or !efore the receipt of notice in deciding whether the amount due under the cheque has !een paid..%(inay )umar 7ain (s 9arender Prasad* +.004%+* C1. %2he>>an 4 Co.Payments made !efore the presentation of cheque and !efore receipt of notice .-%+* C. 0B3.C1'.&.Part payment remained unpaid e#en after eCpiry of +3 days from the date of receipt of notice .004%+* C.:A15 C1'.* +..Does not wipe off the offence.B%.%+* 1C1 %C1'.* +..(.Accused ma>ing part payment . %&ahender ingh (s tate of Andhra Pradesh 4 Anr.B %..is not wai#ed.004%+* C1.' C/012 CA " <4B %1a$..* C5A9D..1ight of payee to prosecute the accused under ection +3.9A' C/012 CA " <3 %)erala* Section 138 . Act.

B %.9D..&.Complaint filed .paid .. %+* A'' .Cheque of full amount presented .5eld@ e#en after the ad$ustment of these two amounts@ still the accused is lia!le to pay nearly an amount of 1s.' C/012 CA " <30 %A.9:* 0..0 Section 138 .5eld@ once the offence is committed and merely !y ma>ing the payment will not put an end to the same .%P45* 6 +..* 6 +.* +.8.Point to !e decided at trial.. %(andana 7ain (s Chief 7udicial &agistrate* +.2hereafter draft for 1s. 7 %8A9)....' C/012 CA " 4B<%All.. %3* 1C1 %C1'.000 %+* A'' .00+ % 0PP.* ' AP 00.9o ground to quash the complaint .B4 6 +.(.BB %Cal.. %Padma$a &ar>eting "nterprises (s (.* C.of the Act as su!sequent agreement replaced the cheque.* 6 +..9A' '1 %A.&.C..9D.44++B/.9:* 04+.-%3* C.Cheque issued for 1s.P..* 0-+4 6 +..* .* 0<B4 Section 138 . ..9:* 0<4B 6 ..%..5eld@ no offence is made out under ection +3.* 1C1 %C1'.* 6 +.ndustries (s :a$anand* +.%3<* 8A9) '7 00BB 6 +. %..* 03-0 Section 138 .* C.B %4* C1..+0@000/.Part payment made .9A' '1 %A.7. ?inance 'td..* .A C1.* Section 138 ..2hereafter cash amount of 1s..(.&.0+ Section 138 .00+ % 0PP..9D.1.' C/012 CA " .' C/012 CA " 3.34@000/..Accused is guilty of offence u/s +3.P.B %4* A'' .' C/012 CA " 40..-%.. %4* 1C1 %C1'.. '.A C1.A C1.9A' '1 %P45* 03.Dishonour of cheque .%.* 03<3 6 +.9D.% 0PP'.&... 7 %8A9).t would ha#e !een another case if at least accused had an amount which was paya!le after part payment. %&/s &..%3* 1C1 %C1'.(.P. 7 %8A9)./ffer to ma>e payment .. 7 %8A9).&urthy* +..* 0..Cheque presented and dishonoured ..* +.* 0034 6 +. 6 +...3@000/.(.(. .. %8alwinder ingh ( Pun$a! and ind 8an>* +.9:* 0B+0 6 +.P. CC'1 000B .B %.* 6 +. %3* A'' .* C. %+* A'2 %C1'..C1'.5ence@ as long as there is legally enforcea!le lia!ility either on the date of issuance of the cheque or on the date of encashment of the cheque@ the complainant is entitled to encash the cheque issued !y the accused ./rder of acquittal passed !y &agistrate set aside. %Andhra "ngineering Corporation (s &/s 2.* 0033 6 +. 6 +.9A' '1 %CA'C022A* 0..made .%A.t may effect the gra#ity of the offence...* 0.Section 138 .* C.towards part payment out of a lia!ility of 1s....' C/012 CA " <-4 %A.B %+* A'D %C1'.Cheque issued ..P.43 6 +. and Chemicals 'td.Part payment made !efore cheque presented in !an> .(.A C1.-%+* C....Cheque dishonoured for insufficient funds .. %(oruganti China :opaiah (s &/s :oda#ari ?ert.* A'2 %C1'...3300/.Part payment made .. 0--+ 6 +.s of no a#ail to the drawer of the cheque for e#ading prosecution.* 0.&" 0+0< 6 +..u!sequently complainant agreed to recei#e the amount in instalments .33 6 +.. .-4 6 +.

B %3* C5A9D../n request of accused all siC cheques presented on one date . Criminal Procedure Code. %.* 0. 7 %8A9)......* .:A15 C1'.' C/012 CA " 43...' C/012 CA " .9A' '1 %&AD1A * 04+.+.(..%.%&.' C/012 CA " 0. months from the first to the last of such offences may !e charged with and tried at one trial for any num!er of them not eCceeding three As there was only one statutory notice to enforce payment of the amount co#ered !y those fi#e cheque as such the contention of the accused that one trial court not !e held@ repelled.<* C/&P.n terms of the pro#ision under ection .%.:o#indara$ (s Ashwin 8arai* +.(.%3* 1C1 %C1'...9:* 00B.* 03B. CA " 0.iC cheques .All the cheques dishonoured .9: CA " 0.B %.. 141 .0 lacs after institution of complaint Complainant not yet admitted the receipt of this amount against the cheque .C1'..%.. %+* 1C1 %C1'. %7ayaswals 9eco 'imited (s . '.....4* C/&P..000 .&..Can !e presented within siC months from the date on which it was drawn either in the payeeAs !an> or in the drawerAs !an>..Prayer of quashment of complaint declined as it is a question of fact. %&ohammed (s tate of )erala* ..(.../ffence relates to single transaction .* A'' .* C. %)rishna achde#a (s &odella )nitwear* +.sher Alloy teels 'td. %+* 8A9).%). 6 +.. (s &agma 'easing 'td.3< 6 +./ne notice issued in respect of all the fi#e cheques and one complaint filed ... 1973..* +.9: CA " 03-+ 6 +.%+* 8A9).00+%+* C.Dishonour of fi#e cheque .P.9:* 00..-%+* C..Accused to !e tried at one trial. %+* CC1 0.6 +.-%3* C. 6 +.* Section 138 .' C/012 CA " 33< %&adras* 6 .9A' '1 % .A C1..7.* C2C 03<B Section 138 . **0 .B %P45* 6 +.9D.7oint trial ..(. Section' *19. %...A C1.4 6 +. 00.(.&.* C'2 0303 Section 138 .<. 6 +.' C/012 CA " 3.9D.* A'' .* 0B34 6 +..%. 7 %8A9)..Payment of 1s. %9"PC &icon 'td..%+* of the Code of Criminal Procedure if a person is accused of more offences than one of the same >ind committed within the space of +. %)erala* .+.iC cheques of different dates . CA " 0.30 #ORE T!$ O E C!EQUE6 Section 138. %Calcutta* 6 +.Section' 138.Cheque .C. CA " 0-..6 +.3 6 +.6 +. 6 +.f cheques were issued as part of the same transaction then all the cases can !e $ointly tried.003%+* C.