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Pumping Stations Design

For Infrastructure Master Program Engineering Faculty-IUG
Lecture 6: Design of water supply pumping stations

Dr. Fahid Rabah Water and environment Engineering frabah@iugaza.edu

Dr. Fahid Rabah , PE frabah@iugaza.edu

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Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations

6.1 General introduction
Main Types of water pumping stations : 1. 2. 3. 4. Wells pumping stations Distribution pumping stations Booster pumping stations Surface water pumping stations

Dr. Fahid Rabah , PE frabah@iugaza.edu

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Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations

6.2 Well pumping stations
Main components of well pumping stations : 1. Multi stage pumps ( connected in series) 2. Suction shaft (pipe) 3. Vertical motor ( above ground or submerged) 4. Delivery pipe 5. Valves 6. Cyclone 7. Surge vessel (air champer for water hammer protection) 8. Chlorination tank and chlorine injection pump. 9. Stand by generator and its fuel tank 10. Main electricity distribution panel and control 11. Service building.

Dr. Fahid Rabah , PE frabah@iugaza.edu

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6.2 Well pumping stations
HOLLOW SHAFT ELECTRIC MOTOR 400V,50HZ,1450RPM

CAST IRAN ( CI ) DISCHARGE HEAD STAINLESS STEEL DRIVE SHAFT

WATER COOLED RUBBER BEARING + BRONZE LINER

4''?

SCH 40

CAST IRAN FLANGED CONNECTED BOWLS + BRONZE IMPELLERS

H T G N E L P M U P

4''?

m 0 4 . 2

Dr. Fahid Rabah , PE frabah@iugaza.edu

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Multi stage pumps connected in series with a dry installation vertical motor

6. PE frabah@iugaza.edu ٥ .2 Well pumping stations Multi stage pumps connected in series with dry or submersible motor Dr. Fahid Rabah .

PE frabah@iugaza.2 Well pumping stations Multi stage pumps connected in series with diesel motor Dr. Fahid Rabah .6.edu ٦ .

PE frabah@iugaza.2 Well pumping stations Multi stage pumps connected in series.6.submersible motor Dr. Fahid Rabah .edu ٧ .

2 Well pumping stations Vertical dry motor installation Dr.6. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .edu ٨ .

Fahid Rabah .edu ٩ . PE frabah@iugaza.6.2 Well pumping stations Submersible type motor installation Dr.

6. PE frabah@iugaza.2 Well pumping stations Air release valve Hydro-Cyclone Pressure Gage Butter fly valve Flow meter Motor Chlorine injection Suction Pipe Typical piping and valves arrangement for well pumping stations Dr.edu ١٠ . Fahid Rabah .

2 Well pumping stations 1 Pump well 2 Delivery pipe 3 r g e nkl t i i l n oa 0 oT 0 C 5 chlorine Tank P.edu ١١ Butterfly valve 4 Check valve 5 Flow meter .6. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .E 500liter g n i s op Dm eu nP i r o l h C Hydro Cyclone 3 1 2 3 3 5 4 3 Typical layout of Well room Dr.

PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .6. see the Hydro Cyclones and valves Dr.edu ١٢ .2 Well pumping stations Delivery pipe .

Fahid Rabah . PE frabah@iugaza.edu ١٣ .2 Well pumping stations Hydro Cyclone function Dr.6.

6. Fahid Rabah .edu ١٤ .2 Well pumping stations Delivery pipe . PE frabah@iugaza. see the Hydro Cyclones and valves Dr.

6. Fahid Rabah .2 Well pumping stations Standby generator Dr. PE frabah@iugaza.edu ١٥ .

tank Fahid Rabah for the .edu generator ١٦ .2 Well pumping stations FuelDr. PE standby frabah@iugaza.6.

6.2 Well pumping stations Chlorine pump Chlorine tank Water tank Chlorine tank and chlorine injection pump Dr.edu ١٧ . PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .

PE frabah@iugaza.2 Well pumping stations chlorine injection point to the delivery pipe Dr.6. Fahid Rabah .edu ١٨ .

edu ١٩ .6. fuel tank. Fahid Rabah . service building Dr. see the Hydro Cyclone .2 Well pumping stations Delivery pipe . valves. PE frabah@iugaza.

6.edu ٢٠ .2 Well pumping stations Delivery pipe . fuel tank. Hydro Cyclone . generator Dr. PE frabah@iugaza. valves. Fahid Rabah .

6. PE frabah@iugaza.2 Well pumping stations Dr. Fahid Rabah .edu ٢١ .

PE frabah@iugaza.edu ٢٢ .2 Well pumping stations Dr. Fahid Rabah .6.

edu ٢٣ . Fahid Rabah . 2.6. This system is recommended and there is a trend in Gaza to use this system This system solves the problem of back pressure associated with the direct pumping discussed above. Direct pumping from well pumps to the distribution system Most of Gaza wells are from this type Not recommended for long distribution systems and for cases where more than one well pumping directly into the system. This system has two problems: back pressure between wells and lower discharge from each individual well.2 Well pumping stations Types of well pumping stations : 1. Pumping from well pumps to a storage or distribution tank. It also increase the pumping efficiency from each pump (lower head losses leading to more flat system curve and consequently more discharge) Dr. PE frabah@iugaza.

2 Well pumping stations Well pumping station discharging into a storage tank Dr. Fahid Rabah .6.edu ٢٤ . PE frabah@iugaza.

PE frabah@iugaza.edu ٢٥ . Fahid Rabah .2 Well pumping stations Well pumping station are operated in series Note that for well pumps there is only one valid pump curve which is the curve of the total pumps in operation. Dr.6.

Surge vessel (air champer for water hammer protection) 7. Fahid Rabah . Valves 6. 8. Dry pumps ( connected in parallel) 2. Service building.3 Distribution pumping stations Main components of distribution pumping stations : 1. Storage and distribution tank 4. Dr. Suction shaft (pipe) 3. Chlorination tank and chlorine injection pump.edu ٢٦ . PE frabah@iugaza.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Main electricity distribution panel and control 10. Stand by generator and its fuel tank 9. Delivery pipe 5.

Check valve 4.3 Distribution pumping stations Typical layout of distribution pumping stations: 1 2 3 1 Storage and Distribution Tank 4 1. Manifold Distribution pumping station with rectangular storage and distribution tank Dr.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Gate valve 2. Fahid Rabah .edu ٢٧ . Pump 3. PE frabah@iugaza.

Check valve 4.edu ٢٨ . Pump 3.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Gate valve 2. Manifold 5. Fahid Rabah . Feeding Header Distribution pumping station with circular storage and distribution tank Dr. PE frabah@iugaza.3 Distribution pumping stations Typical layout of distribution pumping stations: 5 1 2 3 1 Storage and Distribution Tank 4 1.

6.edu ٢٩ Distribution pumping station . Design of water supply pumping stations Dr. Fahid Rabah . PE frabah@iugaza.

edu ٣٠ .3 Distribution pumping stations Distribution pumping station are operated in parallel Dr. Fahid Rabah .6. PE frabah@iugaza.

Level switch connected to the water distribution tank. PE frabah@iugaza. The pressure on the delivery pipe increases at low demands when many connections are closed. An ultra-sound level detector is usually used for level detection. The pumps will be started again one after the other when the water in the tank reaches a pre assigned level. Pressure switch at the discharge side of the pipe. If the level in the water distribution tank drops to the a pre assigned minimum level the pumps are shut off one after the other with a pre assigned intervals. 2.edu ٣١ . Fahid Rabah . Dr.3 Distribution pumping stations Control of distribution pumping stations : 1.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. If the pressure in the network increases above a preset value (for example 6 bar ) the pumps will be shut down one after the other.

4 Booster pumping stations Main components of booster pumping stations : 1. 2.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.edu ٣٢ . PE frabah@iugaza. 4. 7. 6. Fahid Rabah . 5. Dr. Dry pumps ( connected in series) Suction connection (pipe) Delivery pipe Valves Stand by generator and its fuel tank (for offline large stations only) Main electricity distribution panel and control Service building (for offline large stations only). 3.

Inline booster pumps 2.4 Booster pumping stations Main types of booster pumping stations : 1. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.edu ٣٣ . Offline booster pumps Dr.

Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. PE frabah@iugaza.edu ٣٤ .4 Booster pumping stations Typical inline Booster Pump Dr. Fahid Rabah .

Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.4 Booster pumping stations Inline Package Booster Pump Dr.edu ٣٥ . Fahid Rabah . PE frabah@iugaza.

If more than three pumps are needed or when the pumps are large. Fahid Rabah .4 Booster pumping stations Typical layouts of inline booster pumping stations: Inline booster pumping station .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Dr.edu ٣٦ .two pumps in series This layouts is used when two or three pumps are able to deliver the required flow and head. PE frabah@iugaza. we should go to an offline booster pumping station.

Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. PE frabah@iugaza.4 Booster pumping stations Typical layouts of inline booster pumping stations: Inline booster pumping station . Fahid Rabah . we should go to an offline booster pumping station. If more than three pumps are needed or when the pumps get large. In this case we use two or more pumps in parallel.edu ٣٧ . Dr.two pumps in parallel This layouts is used when one pump is able to deliver the required head but not able to deliver the required flow.

edu ٣٨ .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .three pumps in parallel This configuration is used when one pump is able to give the required head but not able to give the required flow. Dr. so we need more than one pump in parallel to deliver the total flow.4 Booster pumping stations Typical layout of offline booster pumping arrangements: 5 1 2 3 1 4 offline booster pumping station .

edu ٣٩ . Note that we use a bypass line to achieve flexibility in operation When one or more pumps are out for maintenance. PE frabah@iugaza. Dr.4 Booster pumping stations Typical layout of offline booster pumping arrangements: offline booster pumping station .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Fahid Rabah . so we need more than one pump in series to deliver the total head.three pumps in series This configuration is used when one pump is able to give the required flow but not able to give the required head alone.

3. PE frabah@iugaza. 8.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.edu ٤٠ . Water Intake structure Submersible or dry pumps ( connected in parallel) Suction connection (pipe) Delivery pipe Valves Stand by generator and its fuel tank Main electricity distribution panel and control Service building Dr. 7. 6.5 Surface water pumping stations Main components of surface pumping stations : 1. 5. 2. Fahid Rabah . 4.

Fahid Rabah . PE frabah@iugaza.5 Surface water pumping stations Movable Surface water intake Dr.edu ٤١ .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.

PE frabah@iugaza.Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.5 Surface water pumping stations Surface water intake Dr. Fahid Rabah .edu ٤٢ .

Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6. Fahid Rabah . PE frabah@iugaza.edu ٤٣ .5 Surface water pumping stations Dry pumps and Surface water intake Dr.

Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations Surface water Submersible pump Dr. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .edu ٤٤ .

edu ٤٥ .5 Surface water pumping stations Surface water Submersible pump Dr. PE frabah@iugaza. Fahid Rabah .Lecture 6: Design of waster supply pumping stations 6.