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ZOOM

Technologies

Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®®

Remote Site Requirements

ZOOM
Technologies

Remote Site

Requirements

Central Site

Should provide needed services and connectivity to end user

Branch Office

Provide access to head office to share recourses

SOHO

Site with few employees need to access Head office or Branch

Tele-workers

Mobile user connect to Head Office to access resources

Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®®

Integrated Services for Secure Remote Access ZOOM Technologies Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ZOOM Technologies SOHO Connectivity Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

• • FDM Multiple services can be used simultaneously over the same media. • • • Can utilize existing infrastructure. Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ZOOM Technologies Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Copyright Zoom Technologies ® . video and data. Rich quality of voice. Ex: Cable or DSL.Broadband ZOOM Technologies • It’s a signaling method which includes wide range of frequency which are divided into channels or frequency bands.

DSL Features ZOOM Technologies • • • • • Data will be carried over the telephone (copper) wire It uses maximum available RF on copper loop It is layer 1 Technology Run from subscriber to CO There are various flavors of DSL hence also called as xDSL • • • It can be symmetric or asymmetric Always “on” or “dial on demand” DSL Originally stood for “Digital Subscriber Loop” Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ZOOM Technologies DSL Types Copyright Zoom Technologies ® .

0 1.3 6.5 or 2.SHDSL HDSL IDSL Nature Asymmetric Asymmetric Asymmetric Symmetric Symmetric Symmetric Symmetric Max Speed Upload /Download 8Mbps/1Mbps Data with POTS Yes Max Distance from CO in KM 5.4 5.3Mbps 1.5Mbps Yes 55Mbps/13Mbps 768Kbps 2.Lite ADSL VDSL SDSL G.5Mbps/0.DSL Variants Examples ZOOM Technologies Type ADSL G.4 1.4 13.0 Mbps 144Kbps Yes No No No No Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ZOOM Technologies ADSL Copyright Zoom Technologies ® .8 5.3 7.

ADSL and POTS Coexistence ZOOM Technologies • ADSL equipment: – ADSL terminal unit-remote (ATU-R) – ADSL terminal unit-central office (ATU-C) Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ZOOM Technologies Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

Cisco Integrated Service Router ZOOM Technologies Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® ADSL WIC ZOOM Technologies Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

Carrierless Amplitude Phase(CAP) Modulation ZOOM Technologies 1100 240 160 25 4 0 • Single-carrier modulation technique Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® Discreet Multi Tone (DMT) Modulation ZOOM Technologies • Multiple-carrier modulation technique Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

ZOOM Technologies Data over ADSL Copyright Zoom Technologies ® Data over ADSL ZOOM Technologies • IP packets encapsulated over ATM • Three major approaches: – RFC 1483/2684 Bridged – PPPoE – PPPoA Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

PPP over Ethernet ZOOM Technologies • Ethernet frame carrying PPP frame • Service provider end: – DSLAM for DSL connection termination – Aggregation router for PPP session termination • Subscriber end: – DSL modem for DSL connection termination – PPPoE client for PPP session termination • The client device is the PC or the router at the CPE Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® PPPoE Session Variables ZOOM Technologies • DSL and PPPoE deployment types: – Router terminating DSL and with PPPoE client – Modem terminating DSL and router with PPPoE client – Modem terminating DSL and end-user PC with PPPoE client Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

• Subscriber IP address is assigned by the aggregation router via IPCP. Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® PPPoE ZOOM Technologies Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .PPPoE Session Establishment ZOOM Technologies • PPP session is from PPPoE client to the aggregation router.

ZOOM Technologies PPPoA Copyright Zoom Technologies ® PPP over ATM ZOOM Technologies • Routed solution • User packets routed over ATM • Service provider end: – DSLAM for DSL connection termination – Aggregation router for PPP session termination • Subscriber end: – CPE for DSL connection and PPP session termination Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .

PPP over ATM ZOOM Technologies • CPE receives an IP address via IPCP like in the dial model. Copyright Technologies Copyright Zoom Zoom Technologies ®® .