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Draft National Plumbing Policy of Trinidad and Tobago

Discussion Paper
2/22/2012 MINISTRY OF PUBLIC UTILITIES ECONOMIC RESEARCH POLICY AND PLANNING DIVISION

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transporting and distributing water to individuals in a community. These attempts have been challenged by the difficulty in making comparative assessments between plumbers who are formally trained with varying levels of experience against those who are II. the contamination of water sources. It is important that such risks are minimised by ensuring that systems are correctly designed. accidental crossconnection of drinking-water supply and waste removal systems and chemical contamination from corrosion of pipes and other fittings. proper plumbing practices are vital for the health and wellbeing of the population. Technology and Tertiary Education. There have been many complaints of poor workmanship and a lack of adherence to a set standard. 2012 .The country has been plagued with repeated occurrences of poor plumbing installations which have become increasingly evident at large housing developments.The training of plumbers is carried out by both the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science. constructed and assembled using the appropriate techniques and materials. Plumbing systems are aimed at collecting. This training is certified by the National Training Agency (NTA) which falls under the purview of the Ministry of Science. 2 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy. While recent attempts have been made to apply a consistent system of classification to the skill level of plumbing practitioners. Technology and Tertiary Education.0 Overview Trinidad and Tobago is a rapidly developing country. It is also critical that plumbers are well trained in the design. ERPPD March 22. In an environment such as this. Faulty plumbing systems can result in among other things. such efforts are still within the early stages of development. Inconsistent plumbing practices and poor quality workmanship. Inconsistent training and qualification. whose construction industry has encountered a significant increase in the number of building projects over the last two decades. This continued disregard for the regulatory guidance laid out in the National Plumbing Code (1965) and the lack of supervision of plumbing installations can have dire effects on the public health. and the removal of liquid waste.Ministry of Public Utilities Discussion Paper for the development of a Draft National Plumbing Policy of Trinidad and Tobago 1. installation and maintenance of such plumbing systems and that they adhere to principles of best practice. living standards and the environment in Trinidad and Tobago. A review of the plumbing sector of Trinidad and Tobago shows that it is faced with a number of issues which include the following: I.

2012 . This Plumbing Code is currently under review by WASA and other plumbing stakeholders such as the Bureau of Standards and the Plumbers Association of Trinidad and Tobago.Currently the plumbing industry is unregulated. which is on par with international practices. III. Additionally.A single body needs to be established to facilitate the coordinated development of the sector and for greater collaborations between the principal actors. with the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA) being the only body that undertakes the licensing of a small section of plumbing works. ERPPD March 22. it was recognised that at present there is a dire need for not only the licensing of persons who engage in plumbing IV. These levels of qualification are on par with those of apprentices in developed countries. This legislation does not extend to plumbing in its entirety. This has left the general public susceptible to various unskilled persons putting themselves out for hire.experienced but lack formal training. As such. Lack of a National Licensing Mechanism. There is the need for specific plumbing legislation and plumbing regulations to be developed to address all aspects of the sector and to guide the activities of the industry on a whole. Also. As such. It is considered outdated by the plumbing stakeholders. which was established in 1965. there is no nationally recognized system that identifies an individual who is qualified to be a “plumber”. a National Plumbing Code of Trinidad and Tobago exists. Unregulated Industry and Inadequate Legislation . Under WASA’ s legislation (WASA Act. the option is open to anyone to undertake plumbing work without the relevant training or experience. V. WASA has encountered difficulties with the issuance of licences to these Sanitary Constructors due to the inconsistencies in the experience and qualification levels of applicants.Chapter 54:40). There have also been complaints by some plumbing practitioners that the majority of graduates of the current training programmes lack the necessary experience to be referred to as “plumbers” and it is necessary to apply a clear system of categorizing plumbers. It should be noted that in recent years. much of the certification of plumbers has taken place at the lower levels within the sector. Institutional Framework . Such a body would be responsible for making the necessary linkages between the training institutions and the actual practitioners in the field.Currently. 3 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy. the Authority currently bears responsibility for the licensing of Licensed Sanitary Constructors(LSCs) who are plumbers who undertake work on sewer lines and related works.

for the protection of the health and well-being of the population in Trinidad and Tobago. define cooperation between relevant stakeholders.works but also the regulation of the entire industry. that the protection of public interest justifies some degree of regulation over the plumbing sector. Further action is required to ensure that the training of plumbing practitioners is guided by a clear plumbing policy and aligned with relevant plumbing regulations. It was recognised that it is also critical that plumbers are well trained in the design. this had only been partially addressed by the Water and Sewerage Authority’s licensing of Licensed Sanitary Constructors (LSC). the Government has found it necessary to undertake the regulation of the plumbing industry. licensing. therefore. implementation 4 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy. monitoring and quality assurances for plumbing work. Trinidad and Tobago needs to accelerate its move in this direction in its pursuit of the preservation of a healthy and safe environment. In Trinidad and Tobago. and to monitoring. Legislation/regulations should create conditions that favour innovation (both in technology and in financing mechanisms). It is therefore imperative that a regulatory framework be established to guide the activities of the plumbing sector. allocate financial resources to capacity building and training. The policy framework for the regulation of the plumbing industry includes aspects such as certification. It is evident. The World Health Organization (WHO) made the following statement in its article “Sanitation Challenge: Turning Commitment into Reality” ―Creating the right types of legislation/regulations in support of extending sanitation and hygiene services and improving their quality is essential in the process of achieving targets and maintaining achievements.0 Introduction In recognition of the need to ensure that proper plumbing practices are adhered to. services and products. The National Plumbing Policy of Trinidad and Tobago is aimed at reducing health and safety risks by ensuring that systems are correctly designed. The overall regulation of the plumbing industry would be aimed at ensuring that plumbing risks are prevented or minimised through education and training and the adoption of quality assurance systems such as codes of best practice. 2. Many countries have enforced these codes of best practice by establishing laws and regulations that stipulate specific standards. constructed and assembled using the appropriate techniques and materials. including the private sector. ERPPD March 22. 2012 . installation and maintenance of such plumbing systems and that they adhere to a code of best practice.

housing construction.1 Protection of Public Health and Safety a. Preservation of the health and safety of the national community b. Protection of the environment c. d. Effective legislation/regulations will have both incentives for complying and sanctions for not complying with the requirements.4 Planning a. c. Monitoring of current developments in the plumbing sector b. b.and maintenance. (World Health Organization 2004) 3. Monitoring related developments in the national community which may impact the sector a.2.3 Technical a. Enforcement of enacted legislation/regulations is essential. e.2. Consistent standards for sanitation and hygiene must be set across all other relevant sectors (for example.1 The goal of a National Plumbing Policy is to provide a cohesive approach to the sustainable development of the Plumbing industry through the involvement of all relevant stakeholders. Coordinating with other industry stakeholders 3.2. Issuing of licenses Consistent rules and regulations applied across the plumbing sector Promoting competitive practices Protection of consumers right to good service Settling disputes 3. ERPPD March 22. Determining approval types and certification c.2 The primary objective of the National Plumbing Policy therefore is to provide a regulatory framework aimed at the following areas: 3.0 Policy Goal and Objectives 3. 3. Devising technical standards b. Minimization of damage to plumbing and drainage infrastructure 3.2 Regulation a. Anticipating and planning for future developments 5 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy. workplace safety). education. 2012 .2.

As such. ERPPD March 22.  Ministry of Science.5 External Relations a. Technology and Tertiary Education (MSTTE) – the Ministry responsible for the assessment and certification of technical/vocational training through their agency. 6 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy.0 Key Stakeholders of the Plumbing Sector The provision of a policy framework for the Plumbing sector is a multi-faceted. alteration.0 Scope of the National Plumbing Policy The National Plumbing Policy of Trinidad and Tobago will relate to those areas of plumbing concerned with water and wastewater installation. 2012 . the policy will govern plumbing as it pertains to the actual installation. disconnection or maintenance of pipes or equipment to a water supply system or storm water systems or to receive and convey wastewater to sanitary drains within a building or within the legal boundaries of a single premises.3.2. The National Training Agency (NTA)  The Trinidad and Tobago Bureau of Standards (TTBS)  The Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI)  Ministry of Works and Infrastructure (MOWI)  The Ministry of Planning and the Economy  The Town and Country Planning Division (TCPD)  The University of the West Indies (UWI)  The University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT)  Other practitioners such as the Board of Engineering (BoE) and the Association of Professional Engineers (APETT)  The citizens of Trinidad and Tobago 5. and involves the active input from the following stakeholders:  The Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA)  The Plumbers Association of Trinidad and Tobago (TPATT) . repair.The Plumbers Association of Trinidad and Tobago has a membership of 80 plumbers and has indicated their support for increased regulation of the plumbing sector. Ensuring mechanisms are implemented for providing information on the plumbing sector to the general public 4.

The National Plumbing Policy seeks to address these key areas.2 Issuing of Licences 6.1 The NTA certified training programmes to be aligned to the revised Plumbing Code in order to ensure that plumbing practitioners are equally subject to the same guidelines.2 The level of license granted to plumbers will be determined by the certification level granted by the NTA.2 Such licences will be granted according to the individual’s qualification level and the fees for the licensing of plumbers will be according to services offered. 6.1 The National Plumbing Code of Trinidad and Tobago must be relevant to the needs of the current environment and should be utilized as a basis for regulating the plumbing sector.1 The Government will also ensure that the regulatory body established will have the authority and capacity to investigate complaints and reports of poor service provided by any Licensed Plumber.1. 6.2 The regulations will outline the various sanctions which can be applied to any plumber found in breach of these regulations.3 Efforts will be made to provide the general public with information on plumbing practices.1 The Government will establish a body to undertake the registration and granting of licences to all plumbers who offer their services to the general public for residential.4. 6. 6. 6. 6.2.2. 6.3.3.4 The body set up to regulate the plumbing sector will act as a watchdog for the citizens’ right to good services.0 Issues and Policy Implementation A regulatory framework for plumbing covers various aspects of plumbing regulation. commercial and industrial work. 6.3 A national registry must be maintained of all individuals to whom licences have been granted and this information made accessible to the general public.2. ERPPD March 22. 2012 .6.3.1 Certification of Plumbing 6. 6.3. that is.3 Consumer Protection 6. service standards and other relevant information as necessary. 6. residential commercial and industrial service. 7 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy.1.4 Plumbing Regulations 6.

2 Institutional Framework 7. 7. (b) Commercial and (c) Industrial. Currently the WASA Act only addresses the regulation of Licensed Sanitary Constructors that is. The levels being: (a) Residential.5.1 Legal Instruments 7. 6.5 On-site inspections 6.1 The Government of Trinidad and Tobago will establish the relevant legal instruments within which the National Plumbing Policy and the regulating body established to oversee the plumbing sector must operate. Such fees should aim at covering the majority of the administrative and operational costs of providing this service and for the gradual achievement of financial self sufficiency.1 Trinidad and Tobago is currently in need of a body that is dedicated to the regulation of all areas of the plumbing sector.2 An established body will ensure increased accountability and regulation of the plumbing sector through consistent interpretation and well coordinated implementation of plumbing regulations and direct supervision of plumbing sector. the government will seek to ensure that on-site inspections are conducted by the body established to do so. 8 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy.6 Pricing and Cost Recovery 6.6.3 Recommendations for improvements and/or changes in plumbing operations. standards and regulations will be made as required. 2012 .1 In order to ensure compliance with plumbing regulations and the National Plumbing Code.2.4. 7. persons engaged in sewer works.1. 6. ERPPD March 22.2 Fees for the licensing of plumbers offering professional services should be set according to the level of service offered.0 Instruments for Policy Implementation 7.6. 6.6. 6. The main legal instrument will be the National Plumbing Act along with the necessary amendments to the Water and Sewerage Act.1 A cost recovery system should be implemented to ensure that reasonable fees are charged for the granting of licences and the inspection of plumbing installations.4.

5. the Government will ensure that such monitoring will include:  Identification of key performance indicators 9 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy.4 Contribution to National Sustainability 7.3 The responsibility for the implementation of the National Plumbing Policy and the overall regulation of the plumbing sector would best be served by an independent body. ERPPD March 22.3 Inter-Ministerial Coordination and Collaboration 7. 2012 .0 Monitoring and Review of Policy Implementation 8. 7.2 Attempts will be made.2.1 The Government will launch a broad programme for educating the general public and key stakeholders about the basic standards and key concepts pertinent to ensuring appropriate plumbing installations. Various measures and strategies must be undertaken to ensure that this collaboration and co-ordination is carried out in an effective manner.2.5 Public Education 7.1 This policy must be monitored on an ongoing basis to ensure that it meets the objectives for which it was created and has the desired results. 7. 8.3. it does not routinely engage in monitoring or regulating plumbing work beyond the point of connection with its water and wastewater distribution network.4.2 The Water and Sewerage Authority is the key agency with responsibility for the provision of water and wastewater services. As such. 7.3.7. 7.1 Effective regulation of the plumbing sector requires a co-ordinated and collaborative approach by the relevant plumbing stakeholders. to ensure that the National Plumbing Policy is in alignment with policy guidelines being implemented for other related areas as they are developed such as the Building Codes and Renewable Energy initiatives.1 Given the critical importance of plumbing to the preservation of a safe water supply and the prevention of cross-contamination of water and wastewater infrastructure. 7.1. However. through collaborative planning and information sharing. it is critical that Trinidad and Tobago engage in safe plumbing practices in order to protect the health and well-being of the population.

it is intended that the policy be reviewed and updated every five (5) years through the:  Publication of notices announcing the Government’s intention to undertake policy revision and requesting comments from interested parties on the intended revisions  Providing information on how to access the current policy and carrying out consultations where possible to facilitate public participation  Updating the policy based on comments received and submitting this draft revised policy for public comment  Finalising revised policy for use by general public.  Identify the parameters and areas of responsibility of the various bodies related to the plumbing industry. provide recommendations for its improvement and to monitor the implementation of the National Plumbing Policy and other related regulatory guidelines. 8. the government will undertake the following:  Establish a body dedicated to the overall regulation of the plumbing sector  Prioritize the development of the necessary plumbing legislation required for governing the plumbing sector. It must also be in concurrence with other policies on which it impacts or is impacted. Setting of performance targets over specified periods  Establishing an implementation plan for undertaking such monitoring. ERPPD March 22.  Implement a cost recovery system to allow for fees and annual subscriptions to be set at a rate that will cover the majority of the administrative and operational costs of the regulatory body.1 In order to ensure that the National Plumbing policy is fully implemented and adhered to by all stakeholders.  Convene regular stakeholder consultations to discuss the status of the plumbing sector.1. 10 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy. 2012 .0 Required Actions for Successful Policy Implementation 9.  Ensure that all required regulations are in place and that the Plumbing Code of 1965 is updated and widely circulated to all stakeholders. 9. To ensure that this is achieved.2 It is critical that the Policy remains current and applicable to the changing environment.  Develop appropriate regulations and operational policies inclusive of penalties prior to the establishment of this body with mandatory time periods included for the review of the existing policies.

2011 2. Environmental Aspects of Plumbing. http://www. Sanitation Challenge: Turning Commitment into Reality. World Health Organization (WHO) in collaboration with World Plumbing Council.au/www/html204-what-is-plumbing-work. ERPPD March 22. Blane and Prospal. May 2009 7. 9. 2012 . Health Aspects of Plumbing.pic. Australia.vic. December 2008 5. Judd.asp 8. Richard. 2011 3.Bibliography 1. The Laws of Trinidad and Tobago 10. New South Wales Government. 2010 4.gov. World Health Organization (WHO). March 2008 6. ‘Barriers to National Consistency’ Industry Forum. Reforming Arrangements for Regulating Plumbing and Drainage in New South Wales. The International Plumbing Code: A Guide for Use and Adoption. International Code Council. Cayman Water Authority. The Water And Sewerage Authority (WASA) of Trinidad and Tobago. the National Plumbing Code. MidCoast Water Response to: Discussion Paper: Reforming Arrangements for Regulating Plumbing and drainage in the NSW . MidCoast County Council. 2006 11. National Plumbing Regulators Forum. World Plumbing Council. 2004 11 Discussion Paper on the Draft National Plumbing Policy.