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Chess Opening Theory/1. e4/1...c5


< Chess Opening Theory | 1. e4

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Contents [hide] 1 Sicilian Defence 1.1 Statistics 1.2 Theory table 1.3 References
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 a b a b

Sicilian Defence
c d e f g h 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 c d e f g h

Sicilian Defence

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The moves 1. e4 c5 constitute the Sicilian Defence, a counter-attacking opening in which players typically attack on opposite sides of the board. The Sicilian emerged into the mainstream in the early 20th century as a somewhat tame variation, but with the discovery of new attacking ideas it became Black's most feared weapon by the 1950s and is, pound for pound, the most exhaustively analysed of all openings. Black's move c5 seeks to half-open the c-file for his or her own use, controls the important d4 square and allows his or her queen to venture out if
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Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation(FEN)

Moves: 1. e4 c5 ECO code: B20-B99

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ECO code: B20-B99 desired, while the itinerant c-pawn itself is safe from attack, unlike the e-pawn after 1. e4 e5. It Parent: King's Pawn Opening has the benefit of introducing an element of asymmetry into the position - White would not be advised to play 2. c4 imitating Black's move, since he could no longer control the d4 square with a pawn and thus will have trouble playing d4 later.

Faced with a pawn on c5, White may choose to play 2. d4 anyway which typically leads to a pawn sacrifice for quick development. After 2...cxd4, White can play 3. c3, sacrificing another pawn in order to play 4.Nxc3 to gain an advance in development in the Morra Gambit. A more usual idea is for White to postpone d4 for a move while he increases his or her own control of the square. This can be achieved by either 2. Nf3 leading to the main lines of the Sicilian, or by 2. c3, attempting to establish a strong pawn centre. Much less common is the attempt to undermine the c-pawn's control of d4 by playing 2. b4 to tempt it off-centre. Since it is considered safe for Black to take the offered pawn and hold on to it, a recent idea has been to prepare the b4 move with 2. a3. White can also push the e-pawn with 2. e5 in an attempt to cramp Black. White may postpone the fight for d4, typically with 2. Nc3 though 2. f4 is also played. 2. f4 is a violent attacking move, 2. Nc3 typically leads to a closed position although f4 can subsequently appear.

Statistics

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Approximate chances: White win 35%, Draw 27%, Black win 38%

Theory table
1.e4 c5

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For explanation of theory tables see theory table and for notation see algebraic notation

2 Open Sicilian Nf3 d6

d4 Nxd4 Nc3 = cxd4 Nf6 a6 Bg2 d3


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Nc3 g3
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Closed Sicilian Smith-Morra Gambit Alapin Variation Grand Prix Attack

Nc3 g3 Nc6 g6

Bg2 Bg7

d3 d6

d4 c3 Nxc3 Nf3 = cxd4 dxc3 Nc6 d6 c3 Nf6 f4 d5 e5 d4 Nf3 = Nd5 cxd4 Nc6 Nc3 Nce2 d3 d4 Nc6 c4 =

Less common White second moves: Ne2 d3 b3 g3 c4 b4, Wing Gambit a3, Van Duijns Variation Ke2, Boungcloud Attack e5 Bc4, Bowdler Attack Qh5, see also: Parham Attack When contributing to this Wikibook, please follow the Conventions for organization.

References

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Nunn's Chess Openings. 1999. John Nunn (Editor), Graham Burgess, John Emms, Joe Gallagher. ISBN 18574-4221-0.
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Wikipedia has related information at Sicilian Defence

Modern Chess Openings: MCO-14. 1999. Nick de Firmian, Walter Korn. ISBN 0-8129-3084-3.
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Batsford Chess Openings 2 (1989, 1994). Garry Kasparov, Raymond Keene. ISBN 0-8050-3409-9.
Chess Openings
1. e4 e5 1. e4 c5 1. e4 other 1. d4 Nf6 1. d4 d5 1. d4 other 1. Open Game King's Gambit Bishop's Opening Vienna Petrov Latvian Gambit Scotch Giuoco Piano Tw o Knights Ruy Lopez Sicilian Defence Closed Sicilian Taimanov Sveshnikov Kan Sicilian Sicilian Dragon Scheveningen Najdorf French Defence Caro-Kann Defence Pirc Defence Alekhine Defence Modern Scandinavian Nimzow itsch Indian Defence King's Indian Nimzo-Indian Queen's Indian Grnfeld Benoni Budapest Catalan Closed Game Queen's Gambit Queen's Gambit Accepted Queen's Gambit Declined Chigorin Slav Semi-Slav Marshall Dutch Defence Old Benoni Defence Englund Gambit English Defence . King's Indian Attack Reti Opening a3 Na3 a4 b3 b4 c3 Nc3 c4 d3 d4 e3 e4 f3 Nf3 f4 g3 g4 h3 Nh3 h4
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Category: Chess Opening Theory

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