# Area of a triangle having sides π, π, π units long is equal to

1

βπ (π  β π)(π  β π)(π  β π), where π  = (π + π + π).
2 π π

β π₯ π

βπ₯ π

Proof
1 π π π

1

First of all, note that π  β π = 2 (π + π + π) β π = 2 + 2 + 2 β π = 2 (π + π β π).
1

1

Similarly π  β π = 2 (π + π β π) and π  β π = 2 (π + π β π).
Now consider the height of the triangle β. We can apply Pythagorasβ Theorem twice: π
2 = β2 + π₯ 2 , π

2 = β2 + (π β π₯)2

Hence
β2 = π2 β π₯ 2 = π 2 β (π β π₯)2 π
2 β π₯ 2 = π 2 β (π 2 β 2ππ₯ + π₯ 2 ) π
2 β π₯ 2 = π 2 β π 2 + 2ππ₯ β π₯ 2 π
2 + π 2 β π 2 = 2ππ₯ π
2 + π 2 β π 2 π₯
=
2π
Thus
2 π

2

β2
β2
β2
β2 π

2 + π 2 β π 2
=β +(
)
2π
(π2 + π 2 β π 2 )2
= π2 β
4π 2
2 2
4π π β (π2 + π 2 β π 2 )2
=
4π2
2
(2ππ) β (π2 + π 2 β π 2 )2
=
4π 2
2
(2ππ + (π + π 2 β π 2 ))(2ππ β (π2 + π 2 β π 2 ))
=
4π 2
2

(using difference of two squares)
β2 =

((π2 + 2ππ + π 2 ) β π 2 )(π 2 β (π2 β 2ππ + π 2 ))
4π 2

((π + π)2 β π 2 )(π 2 β (π β π)2 )
4π 2
((π + π) + π)((π + π) β π)(π + (π β π))(π β (π β π))
β2 =
4π 2
β2 =

(using difference of two squares twice)
(π + π + π)(π + π β π)(π + π β π)(π + π β π)
4π 2
(2π )(2(π
β π))(2(π  β π))(2(π  β π))
β2 =
4π 2
β2 =

(using previous argument)
4 π
(π  β π)(π  β π)(π  β π) π
2
2
β = βπ (π  β π)(π  β π)(π  β π) π

β2 =

Hence we have
1 π
2
Area of Triangle = πβ = ( βπ (π  β π)(π  β π)(π  β π)) = βπ (π  β π)(π  β π)(π  β π)
2
2 π
as required.