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# Custome Data: Company: Contact: Project Reference: Ansoft Data: AM AE

## Inductive Sensing simulation

Problem Description Calculate the inductance of a spiral planar inductor under consideration of eddy effects and the coupling of the loop structures. The suitability of Maxwell 3D should be demonstrated.

Design Name Model Data Parameters len_x len_y space_x space_y thick depth skin_depth_cu dim_reg_x dim_reg_y dim_reg_z Internal parameters num_turns max_offsets

Variation_1 Value 0.1976 0.2601 0.005 0.0049 0.0047 0.0014 0.00058 5.048583 4.0757401 40.28 Units in in in in in in in

Solutions

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f= X= L= At 20 MHz: R= X= L= X/R =

where

## = resistivity of conductor = angular frequency of cur = absolute magnetic perme

Inductance

f= X= L= At 20 MHz: R= X= L= X/R =

## 0.98002 40.054 318.7396 40.8705945

W W nH pu

m0=

1.25664E-06

where

1.04E-05 m 1.04E-03 cm 4.11E-04 in 1.72E-08 Ohm-m 1.26E+08 rad/s 1.26E-06 N/A^2 lx= 0.0165 in ly= 0.04855 in N= 9.2 A= 0.000801075 in^2 = 5.16822E-07 m^2 l= 0.1301 in = 0.00330454 m L= 1.66347E-08

= resistivity of conductor = angular frequency of current = 2 frequency = absolute magnetic permeability of conductor

Inductance

The current density J in an infinitely thick plane conductor decreases exponentially with depth from the surface, as follows:

where d is a constant called the skin depth. This is defined as the depth below the surface of the conductor at which the curren

where = resistivity of conductor = angular frequency of current = 2 frequency = absolute magnetic permeability of conductor

The resistance of a flat slab (much thicker than d ) to alternating current is exactly equal to the resistance of a plate of thickness

where L = length of conductor D = diameter of conductor The final approximation above is accurate if D >> d .

## depth from the surface, as follows:

ce of the conductor at which the current density decays to 1/e (about 0.37) of the current density at the surface (JS). It can be calculated as

to the resistance of a plate of thickness d to direct current. For long, thin conductors such as wires, the resistance is approximately that of a

## he surface (JS). It can be calculated as follows:

the resistance is approximately that of a hollow tube with wall thickness d carrying direct current. For example, for a round wire, the AC resis

## r example, for a round wire, the AC resistance is approximately:

m, a dimensionless quantity, is sometimes called volumetric or bulk susceptibility, to distinguish it from p (magnetic mass or Magnetic permeability & susceptibility for selected materials Medium Mumetal Permalloy Transformer iron with =0.01 m Steel Nickel soft ferrite with =0.1 m soft ferrite with =10 m Platinum Aluminum Hydrogen Vacuum Sapphire Copper Water Susceptibility 20,000 [1] 8000 [1] Permeability 25,000 N/A2 10,000 N/A2 at 0.002 T at 0.002 T

## source, ferroxcube 5000 N/A2

< 0.1 mT

source, ferroxcube 2.65 104 2.22 105 [2] 8 109 or 2.2 109 [2] 0 2.1 107 6.4 106 or 9.2 106 [2] 8.0 106

2500 N/A2 1.2569701 N/A2 1.2566650 N/A2 1.2566371 N/A2 1.2566371 N/A2 1.2566368 N/A2 1.2566290 N/A2 1.2566270 N/A2

< 0.1 mT

Permeability varies with flux density. Values shown are approximate and valid only at the flux densities shown. Moreover, they a

it from p (magnetic mass or specific susceptibility) and M (molar or molar mass susceptibility).

nsities shown. Moreover, they are given for a zero frequency; in practice, the permeability is generally a function of the frequency.

## a function of the frequency.

Table of resistivities
This table shows the resistivity and temperature coefficient of various materials. The values are correct at 20 C (68 F) Temperature coefficient per kelvin * 1.59 10-8 0.0038 1.72 10-8 0.0039 2.44 10-8 0.0034 -8 2.82 10 0.0039 5.6 10-8 0.0045 -7 1.0 10 0.005 0.8 10-7 0.0015 1.1 10-7 0.00392 2.2 10-7 0.0039 -7 4.4 10 0.000002 4.9 10-7 0.00001 9.8 10-7 0.0009 -6 1.10 10 0.0004 3.5 10-5 -0.0005 4.6 10-1 -0.048 6.40 102 -0.075 10 14 10 to 10 nil approximately 1013 nil 1015 nil 7.5 1017 nil 20 approximately 1 10 nil approximately 1 1022 to 1 1024 nil Resistivity (m)

Material Silver[1] Copper[1] Gold[1] Aluminium[1] Tungsten[1] Iron[1] Brass[2] Platinum[1] Lead[1] Manganin[3] Constantan[3] Mercury[3] Nichrome[1][4] Carbon[1][5] Germanium[1][5] Silicon[1][5] Glass[1] Hard rubber[1] Sulfur[1] Quartz (fused)[1] PET Teflon

62893081.8

## ues are correct at 20 C (68 F)

magnetic flux becomes much greater and the inductance becomes much greater than the inductance of an identical coil wound

where 0 is the permeability of free space (4 10-7 henrys per metre) r is the relative permeability of the core (dimensionless) N is the number of turns. A is the cross sectional area of the coil in square metres. l is the length of the coil (NOT the wire) in metres. = BA is the flux in webers (B is the flux density, A is the area). i is the current in amperes

he inductance of an identical coil wound in air. The self-inductance L of such a solenoid can be calculated from

## Solution Process Total

02:44:03 02:34:54

Start

Time: 02/19/2007 20:20:50, Host DONAU, MAXWELL Version 11.1.1 Desired RAM limit not set.

## Solve executive parameters only Start solving Matrix1

Solver MCS2 Solver MCS2 Solver MRA2 param Solution Process Total

00:00:05 00:00:05 98.6 M 163484 matrix, 31MB disk 00:21:15 00:19:34 538 M 627466 matrix, 2234MB disk, offcore 00:00:00 00:00:00 5.8 M 1 matrix, 0KB disk 00:24:44 00:23:18 1.2 G 346549 tetrahedra Elapsed time : 00:47:01 , Maxwell ComEngine Memory : 59.3 M Time: 02/19/2007 21:07:51, Status: Normal Completion

00:46:04 00:42:57

2:47

0:47 3:34

_cu='0.00058'