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ELECTROSTATICS, CURRENT ELECTRICITY & EFFECTS OF CURRENT

1. A proton is moved between two points whose potential difference is 30 V. The kinetic energy acquired in
eV is
(a) 30 eV
(b) 10 eV (c) 20 eV
(d) 40 eV.
2. Two charges 30 I-lC each are separated by a distance 18 cm. The energy of the system is
(a) 15 J
(6) 20 J
(c) 10 J
(d) 25 J.
3. Three charges of 10 C, 15C and 20C are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle of side 50
cm. The energy of the system is
(a) 11.7 J
(b) 13.7 J
. (c) 15.7 J
(d) 19.7 J.
4. An infinite number of charges each equal to q are placed
at distances 1, 2, 4, 8 ... metre from a
point 0 in a straight line. The potential at 0 is
(a) q/40
(b) q/30
(c) 3q/40
(d) q/20
5. Suppose we have two parallel plates with surface charge densities A = B = a then the field outside
the parallel plates on either side is
(a) /4E0
(b) /2E0
(c) /E0
(d) /E0
6. The electric field in the region II in the Fig. 1 shown is
(a) 0 (b) /4E0
(c) /E0
(d) infinite
7. In one above question, the electric field in region I is
(a) 0

(b) /4E0

(c) /E0

(d) infinite

8. The potential of a sphere of radius 2 cm when a charge of 2 coulomb is given to it will be


(a) 9 x 103 V
(b) 9 x 1011 V
6
(c) 9 x 10 V
(d) 9 x 1016 V.
9. A charge of q = 8.75 C in an electric field is acted upon by a force of F = 4.5 N. The potential gradient at
this point is
(a) 3.70 x 105 Vm-1 (b) 5.14 x 103 Vm-1
Icl 5.14 x 104 Vm-l .
(d) 5.14 x 105Vm-l.
10. Solid angle is measured in S.I. units in
(a) degrees
(b) radians (c) steradians (d) light year.
11. Solid angle d is given by
(a) dS sin / r (b) dS sin / r2 (c) dS / sin r2 (d) dS / cos r2
12. A particle of mass 2 g and charge 1 C is held at rest on a frictionless horizontal surface at a distance of
1 m from the fixed charge of 1 mC. If the particle is released, it will be repelled. The speed of the particle
when it is at a distance of 10 m from the fixed charge, in m s-1,is
(a) 90
(b)9
(c) 900
(d) 0.9.
13. Electric charges (q, q, - 2q) are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle ABC of side l. The
magnitude of the dipole moment of the system is
(a) 4ql
(b) (3)1/2 ql
(c) 2ql
(d) qt.
14. An electric dipole of moment p is placed at the origin along the X-axis. The electric field at a point P,
whose position vector makes an angle 8 with the X-axis, will make an angle with the X-axis, where = +
with
= tan-1 (1/2 tan ) . We have
(a) = + 3
(b) = + 2 (c) = + (d) =
15. A soap bubble is given a negative charge, then its radius
(a) decreases
(b) increases (c) remains uncharged
(d) nothing can be predicted as information is incomplete.
16. A ring of radius R carries a uniformly distributed charge + Q. A point charge - q is placed on the axis of
the ring at a distance 2 R from the centre of the ring and released from rest. The point-charge particlemotion along the axis is

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(a) simple harmonic (b) oscillatory but not simple harmonic


(c) erratic
(d) jerky.
17. An electron is moving round a nucleus in circular Bohr orbit. Suppose p denotes linear momentum and q
denotes angle of rotation about an axis passing through the nucleus. The configuration of the system
essentially remains uncharged when q is increased by some value qo (say). Then
(a) q0 =
(b) q0 = 3 (c) q0 = 4
(d) q0 =2
18. What is the p.d across the capacitor of capacitance 2F in fig 1

Fig. 1
(a) 6V
(b) 15V
(c) 10 V
(d) 9V
19. What is the p.d across the terminals A and B in fig.1

(a) 12/5 V (b) 5/12 V


(c) 5/12 V (d) 12/5 V
20. In above, what is the p.d. across A and B if the polarities of
the cells are reversed?
(a) 12/5V

(b) 5/12V

(c) 5/12 V

both

(d) -12/5 V

21. A plane air capacitor with its plates spaced d1 = 2 em apart is charged to a potential ofV1 == 3000 V.
The area of the plates is A = 100 cm2. What will be the field intensity of the capacitor if the plates are moved
apart to a distance of d2 = 5 cm ?
(a) 6 x 103 V-m-l
(b) 6 x 104 V-m-l
5
-l
. (c) 6 x 10 V-m
(d) 6 x 106V-m-l.
22. In Q., what is the change in the energy of the capacitor due to plates being moved further apart?
(a) 1.2xl0-5J
(b)2xl0-5J
(c) 0.8 x 10- 5 J
(d) 2.8 x 10- 5 J.
23. In Q., if the power source is first disconnected and then the plates of the capacitor arJ moved apart,
what will be the field intensity?
,
(a) 50 kV-m-l
(b) 100 kV-m-l (c) 150 kV-m-l (d) 200 kV-m-l.
24. In Q. 264, what is the change in. the energy of the capacitor due to plates being moved further apart ?
(a)2xl0-5J
(b)3xl0-5J
(c) 4 x 10- 5 J (d) 5 x 10- 5 J.
25. A parallel-plate capacitor is filled with a dielectric and a certain potential difference is applied to its
plates. The energy of the capacitor is 2 x 10-5 J. After the capacitor is disconnected from the power source,
the dielectric is extracted from the capacitor. The work performed in doing so is 7 x 10-5 J. ,What is the
relative permittivity of the dielectric?
(a) 1.5
(c) 3.5
(b) 2.5
(d) 4.5.
26. Find the equivalent capacitance across the terminals A
and B in Fig. 1

(a) 5/11 C

(b) 11/5 C

(c) 5 C

(d) 11 C

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27. Find the equivalent capacitance across the terminals A and B in Fig. 1
Fig. 1
(a) 3C/5
(b) 3C (c) 5C .
(d) 5C/3.
28. Find the equivalent capacitance across the terminals A
and B in Fig. 1

(a) C

(b)

2C

(c) 9C (d) 9C/2

29. Pd between A and B is


(a) 2V

(b) 4/3 V

(c) 8/9 V

(d) 2/3 V

30. Two cells of emf El and E2 are joined in opposition such that E l > E2 as shown. If rl and r2 be the internal
resistance and R be the external resistance, then terminal voltage is
(a) [E1 E2 / (rl + r2)R]R (b) [E1 + E2 / (rl + r2)R]R
(c) [E1 + E2 / (rl + r2)]R
(d) [E1 E2 / (rl + r2)]R
31. A fuse wire of radius 0.2 mm blows out for a current of 5 A. For what current, another fuse wire of same
material but radius 0.3 mm, will blowout?
(a) 5A (b) 5(27/8)1/2

(c) 5(3/2)1/2

(d) 5(3/2)2

32. Two wires of equal length and material X and Y have same resistance. The ratio of the radii of the two
wires is 1 : 2. The ratio of the conductivity of X and Y is
(a)1:1 (b)1:4
(c) 1 : 2 (d) 4 : 1.
33. A 20 ohm resistance with an unknown resistance R in series is connected to the potentiometer
arrangement having a constant current in its main circuit. If p.d. across 2 ohm resistance is balanced at 300
em length and p.d. across R at 360 cm length, then R is,
(a) 6.6 ohm
.
(b) 3.6 ohm
(c) 3.0 ohm
(d) 2.4 ohm.
34. A circuit whose resistance is R is connected to n similar cells. If the current in the circuit is the same
whether the cells are connected in series or in parallel, then the internal resistance r of each cell is given by
(a) r = (Rln)
(b) r = nR
(e) r = R
(d) r = (1/R).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PCC Opposite Gopi Chand Arya Mahila College


College Road, Abohar, Cell-9417135881

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PCC Opposite Gopi Chand Arya Mahila College


College Road, Abohar, Cell-9417135881