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MT-5 PHYSICS MT5

Q.1 The energy of a gas per litre is 300 J, then its pressure in N per meter2 will be (A 3 ! 10" (# \$ ! 10" (% 10" (& 2 ! 10" Q2 '(ual moles of two gases are in thermal e(uilibrium. )f *a *b an+ ,a an+ ,b are their respe-ti.e pressures an+ .olumes, then whi-h relation is true/ (A *a # *b, ,a 0 ,b (# *a 0 *b, ,a # ,b (% *a 1 ,a 0 *b 1 ,b (& *a ,a 0 *b,b Q3 2hi-h statement is false/ (A The 345 .elo-ity of the gas mole-ules is proportional to its absolute temperature (# The 345 .elo-ity of the gas mole-ules is in.ersely proportional to the s(uare root of the mole-ular weight. (% The gas pressure per unit .olume is 213 of the mean 6ineti- energy. (& )n a perfe-t gas, there is no for-e of attra-tion or repulsion among the mole-ules. Q7 )n the +iagrams (i to (i. , the .ariation of .olume with -hanging pressure is shown. A gas is ta6en along the path A#%&. The -hange in internal energy of the gas will be

(A) *ositi.e in all -ases (i an+ (i. (# *ositi.e in all -ases (i (ii an+ (iii but 8ero in -ase (i. (C) negati.e in all -ases (i ,(ii an+ (iii an+ 8ero in (i. (& 8ero in all -ases Q.5 9n *:, graph, the slope of an isothermal -ur.e of a gas at a pressure * 0 1 4*a an+ .olume , 0 0.002" m3 is e(ual to :700 mpa1m3. if c"/cv 0 1.7, then slope of the a+iabati- -ur.e for the same gas passing through this point is (A :"\$0 4*a1 m3 (# :"\$ 4*a1 m3 (% "\$ 4*a1 m3 (& "\$0 4*a1 m3 Q.6. A system un+ergoes a pro-ess 1 2 for whi-h the .alues 2 )2 an+ Q1 2 are "0 ;J an+ :20 ;J respe-ti.ely )f the systern returne+ to state 1 an+ Q 2 ) is <10 ;J, the wor6 22::=> is (A "0 ;J (# 70 ;J (% :"0 )?J (0 :.\$0 ;J Q.7 The internal energy of a gas in-reases (A )n a+iabati- e!pansion (# )n a+iabati- -ompression (% )n isothermal e!pansion @& )n isothermal -ompression Q.A )f ' is the total energy emitte+ by a bo+y at a temperature T ; an+ 'ma! is the ma!imum energy emitte+ by it at the same temperature, then (A) ' T7 , 'ma! T" (# ' T7 , 'ma! T:" (% ' T:7 , 'ma! T7 (& ' T" , 'ma! T7 Q.B 2hi-h of the following statements is true I -orre-t/ (A &uring -lear nights, the temperature rises stea+ily upwar+ near the groun+ le.el. (# NewtonCs law of -ooling, an appro!imate form of 5tefanCs law, is .ali+ only for natural ra+iation. (% The total energy emitte+ by a bla-6 bo+y per unit time per unit area is proportional to the s(uare of its temperature in the 6el.in s-ale. (& Two spheres of the same material ha.e ra+ii 1m an+ 7m an+ temperature 2000 ; an+ 2000; respe-ti.ely. The energy ra+iate+ per se-on+ by the first sphere is greater than that ra+iate+ per se-on+ by the se-on+ sphere. Q.10 A soli+ sphere an+ a hollow sphere of the same material an+ si8e, are heate+ to the same temperature an+ allowe+ to -ool in the same surroun+ings. )f the temperature +ifferen-e between ea-h sphere an+ surroun+ings is T, then (A The hollow sphere will -ool at a faster rate for all .alues of T (# The soli+ sphere will -ool at a faster rate for all .alues of T (% #oth spheres will -ool at the same rate for all .alues of T (0 #oth spheres will -ool at the same rate only for small .alues of T Q.11 An i+eal gas of mass m in *a state A goes to another state # .ia three +ifferent pro-esses as shown in figure. )f Q1,Q2an+ Q3+enote tile heat absorbe+ by the gas along the three paths then (A Q1?Q2 ?Q3 (# Q1?Q2 0 Q3 (% Q10Q2 ?Q3 (A Q1= Q2 =Q3

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Q.12 The spe-ifi- heat of the same substan-e is e!presse+ in two units D%1 %al1gm9% an+ %2 %al1gmoE. Then whi-h of the following relations is true /C (A %1 = %2 (# %1 0 %2 (% %1 ? %2 (& %1 an+ %2 -an not be -ompare+. Q.13 5ele-t the -orre-t statement (A The -hange in the internal energy in ea-h pro-ess from temperature T, to T2 is e(ual to n %. (T2 F T1 . (# The internal energy +oes not -hange in an iso thermal pro-ess. (% No heat is a++e+ or remo.e+ in an a+iabati- pro-ess. (& All of the abo.e. Q.14 The following e!pressions are gi.en for wor6 +one by an i+eal gas in a+iabati- e!pansion.The one whi-h is in-orre-t is (a -%.(T1:T2 (b (*1,1 F *2,2 1 ( :1 (- (*1,1 G1:(*21*1 :11 H1(:1 (+ (*1,1 G1:(*21*1 :1 H1(:1 Q15 A monoatomi- gas (y 0 "13 is su++enly -ompresse+ to 11Ath of its original .olume, a+iabati-ally. Then the pressure of the gas will -hange to (A " (# A (% :3 (& 32 times Q.16 A -y-li- pro-ess for 1 mole of an i+eal gas is shown in figure in the ,:T +iagram. The wor6 +one in A#,#% an+ %A respe-ti.ely are (A 0,3T2ln (,2 1 ,1 , 3(T1:T2 (# 3(T1:T2 , 0,3T1ln (,1 1 ,2 (% 0,3T2 ln (,2 1 ,1 3( T1 : T2 (& 0,3T2 ln (,2 1 ,1 3(T2 F T1 Q.17 The height of a waterfall is A7 metre, Assuming that the entire 6ineti- energy of the falling water is -on.erte+ into heat, the rise in temperature of the water will be : (g 0 B.A m1s2, J 0 7.2 Ioule1-al (A 0.1B\$J% (# 1.B\$0J% (% 0.B\$J% (0 9,01B\$J% Q.18 Eour ro+s of the same material are ta6en. The length K an+ ra+ius r of the ro+s are gi.en below, )n whi-h rog the heat flow will be ma!imum, when temperature +ifferen-e a-ross the en+s of the ro+s is same, un+er stea+y state/ (A K 0 "0-m , r 0 0."-m (# K 0 100 -m, r 0 1,9-m (% L 0 L" -m , r 0 1." -m (& L 0 100 -m, r 0 2.0-m Q.1B Two i+enti-al .essels are fille+ with e(ual amount of i-e. The .essels are ma+e from +ifferent materials 9f the i-e melts in the two .essels in time t l an+ t2 respe-ti.ely, then their thermal -on+u-ti.ities are in the ratio (A t2 D t1 (# t22D t12 (% t1 D t2 (& t21 D t22 Q.20 2hat is the -hange in the area of a s(uare metal sheet, of si+e 1 m, +ue to 100J% -hange in temperature, gi.en linear e!pansion -oeffD of metal 0 10 \$1J% / (A 2 -m2 (# 7-m2 (% 1-m2 (& none Q.21 A ro+ is -lampe+ rigi+ly between two wallsM )nitially there is no tension in the ro+M Now the ro+ is heate+ by temperature T. The stress +e.elope+ will be in+epen+ent of (A length of ro+ (# NoungCs mo+ulus (% temperature (& +epen+s on all the abo.e Q.22 A soli+ sphere, a -ube an+ a thin -ir-ular plate, ma+e of same material, of e(ual mass, start -ooling simultaneously from 200J%. The obIe-t whi-h will -ool slowest is (A %ube only (# %ir-ular plate only (% 5phere only (& 5phere an+ -ube Q.23 A topper sphere at \$2LJ% -ools at the rate of 1\$J%1 minute. The surroun+ing temperature is -onstant an+ is 2Lo%. The rate of -ooling of the sphere at 32LJ% in &%1minute is (A 3213 (# A (% \$ (& 3 Q.27 The ra+iation energy emitte+ by a bo+y is 10 2atts per unit area an+ the sun emits heat at the rate of 10\$ 2atts per unit area. 9f the temperature of sun is \$000; an+ the emissi.ity of bo+y is 9. 1. then the temperature of the bo+y is(A \$000; (# \$00; (% \$001 (10 112 ; (& \$00 (10 112 Q.2" The only possibility of heat flow in a thermos flas6 is through its -or6, whi-h is L" -m2 in area an+ "-m thi-6. )ts thermal -on+u-ti.ity is 0.00L" -al1-m se- %o. Oow long will "00 gin of i-e is 9 o% in the thermos flas6, ta6e to melt into water at 9 9%/ (The outsi+e temperature is 70o% an+ latent heat of i-e is A0 -al1grns. (A 2hr (# 3hr (% 3.7L hr (& 2.7Lhr

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Q.2\$ A flas6 of -apa-ity 200-- is -ompletely fille+ with mer-ury when its temperature is 20 0%. )f it is heate+ to a temperature of A0o%, the mass of mer-ury that will spill out of flas6 is (The linear e!pansion -oeffi-ient of glass is B ! 10-6JOC an+ the .olume e!pansion -oeffi-ient of mer-ury is 0.1A ! 10-3/C; +ensity of mer-ury 0 13.\$ g !/c 3) (A 2"gm (# 2"0gm (% 2."gm (& none Q.2L The temperature of hot an+ -ol+ en+s of a 20-m long ro+, in thermal stea+y state, are 190o% an+ 20o% respe-ti.ely. Temperature at the -entre of the ro+ is (A 500C (# \$0o % (% 70o% (& 30o % Q.2A Two glass bulbs of e(ual .olume, -ontaining the same gas at N.T.*., are -onne-te+ by a .ery narrow tube. )f one bulb is 6ept in i-e an+ the other in hot bathM the pressure be-omes 1.2" atm. The temperature of the hot bath is (A 100o % (# 1A2J % (P 3200% (& 2"\$J % Q.2B Pas at a pressure C*o is -ontaine+ in .a .essel. )f the masses of all the mole-ules are hal.e+ an+ their spee+s +ouble+, the resulting pressure * will be e(ual to (A 7*0 (# 2*o (% *o (& *o12 Q.30 Oow mu-h shoul+ the pressure be in-rease+ in or+er to +e-rease the .olume of a gas by "Q, at a -onstant temperature/ (A " Q (# ".2\$ Q (P 10 Q (& 7.2\$ Q Q.31 A wa.e is represente+ by the e(uation y 0 0." sin (10t < ! m. )t is a tra.elling wa.e propa : gating along the <! +ire-tion with .elo-ity (A 10 "! (# 20 "! (% " "! (& none Q.32 )f the .elo-ity of soun+ in air is 33\$ m s:1, the ma!imum length of a -lose+ pipe that woul+ pro+u-e a Iust au+ible soun+ is (A 7.2 m (% 1.0m (# 7.2 ! 10:2 m (& 7.2 ! 10:3 m Q.33 Two wires A an+ # of same material are -onne-te+ to a sour-e of 2000 O8. )f the -ross: se-tional area of A is +ouble that of A an+ tension in # is +ouble the tension in A, the ratio of wa.elength in the two wires will be (A 1 D 7 (# 1 D 2 (% 1 D 1 (& 2 D 1 Q.37 Rn+er the same -on+itions of temperature an+ pressure, the .elo-ity of soun+ in o!ygen an+ hy+rogen gases are ,o an+ ,O Then (A ,O 0 ,o (A ,O 0 7,o (% ,O 0 1\$,o (& ,o 0 7,O Q.3" '(ual .olumes of hy+rogen an+ o!ygen are mi!e+.The ratio of the .elo-ity of soun+ in the mi!ture to that in o!ygen is (A f12 (# 3f17 (% f (& 2f Q.3\$ 5oun+ wa.es of fre(uen-y \$\$0 O8 fall normally on a perfe-tly refle-ting wall. The shortest +istan-e from the wall at whi-h the air parti-les ha.e ma!imum amplitu+e of .ibration is: (.elo-ity of soun+ in air 0 330 m1s (A 0.12"m (# 9."m (% 0.2" m (& 2 m Q.3L 1S trans.erse wa.e is +es-ribe+ by the e(uation y 0 yo sin # \$ % & : (T1 U. The ma!imum parti-le .elo-ity is e(ual to four times the wa.e .elo-ity if (A 0 y0 17 (% 0 y0 12 (# 0 y0 (& 0 2 y0 Q.38 A -ylin+ri-al tube, open at both en+s, has a fun+amental fre(uen-y f in air, The tube is +ippe+ .erti-ally in water so that half of it length is in water. The fun+amental fre(uen-y of air -olumn is now (A f12 (# 3f 17 (% f (& 2f Q.3' A stone is +roppe+ into a well from rest. )f the +epth of water below the top be han+ .elo-ity of soun+ is ., the splash in water is hear+ after T se-. Then:: (A T 0 (2h1g 112 < h 1 . (# T 0 (2h1g (% T 0 2(2h1g 112 (& T 0 (2h1g 112 ! ( h 1 . 112 Q 70. Two simple harmoni- motions are represente+ by N )0 10 sin (7t ((3)1/# c)!4&) , N2 0 " (sin 7t< (3 (A 1D1
112

-os7t . The ratio of the amplitu+es of the two 5.O.4Cs is (# 1D2 (% 2D1 (& 1D3

Q.71 2hen an engine goes away from a stationary listener, the fre(uen-y of engine seems \$1L of its real fre(uen-y. Then spee+ of engine is (ta6e . 0 330m1se(A "" m1se- (% 220 m1se- (# 110 m 1se- (& None of these Q.72 A lo-omoti.e whistle has a fun+amental fre(uen-y of 200 O8. 2hile ri+ing on a train +rawn by

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this lo-omoti.e, at one tenth the spee+ of soun+, you hear the whistle. The fre(uen-y as you hear the whistle, is about (A 20 O8 (% 200 O8 (# 1A0 O8 (# 220 O8 Q.73 A -ar tra.els at a spee+ of 20 m1se-. towar+s a high wall. The +ri.er soun+s a horn of fre(uen-y 127 O8. )f .elo-ity of soun+ in air is 330 m1se-, then fre(uen-y of refle-te+ soun+ hear+ by the +ri.er is (A 170 O8 (# 2A0O8 (% 130O8 (& 10\$O8 Q.77 A railway engine, mo.ing with uniform spee+, soun+s its whistle while approa-hing a man stan+ing besi+e the railway tra-6. The fre(uen-y of the soun+ hear+ by the man will (A gra+ually in-rease (# gra+ually +e-rease (% remain -onstant (& first in-rease, then +e-rease Q.7" The: respe-ti.e .elo-ities of two trains A an+ A are 20m1see an+ 30m1se- an+ they are mo.ing towar+s ea-h other. The engine of A blows whistle of L200O8 fre(uen-y. )f the .elo-ity of soun+ is 370 m1se-, then after -rossing ea-h other, for the person sitting in A, the apparent fre(uen-y will be (A L70 O8 (A \$20 O8 (% \$BL." O8 (& \$\$0 O8 Q.7\$ Eig. shows a tube stru-ture, in whi-h a soun+ signal is sent from one en+ an+ is re-ei.e+ at the other en+. The semi-ir-ular part has a ra+ius of 20.0-m, The fre(uen-y of the soun+ sour-e -an be .arie+ ele-troni-ally between 1000O8 an+ 7000O8. The fre(uen-ies at whi-h ma!ima of intensity are +ete-te+ are: (The spee+ of soun+ in air 0 370 m1s (A 1300O8 an+ 2"00O8 (% 1000O8 an+2000O8 (# 17B0O8 an+ 2BA0O8 (& none of these Q.7L The amplitu+e of .ibration of the parti+es of air through whi-h a soun+ wa.e of intensity 2.0 ! 10:\$ 21m2an+ fre(uefl-y 1.0 ;O8 is passing will be (&ensity of air0 1.2 6g1m3 an+ spee+ of soun+ in air 0 330m1s (A) 1.\$ ! 1011 m (# 1.\$ ! l0 :A m (% 1\$0!10:Am (& 0.1\$!10:Am Q.7A )n a sonometer e!periment, the bri+ges are separate+ by a fi!e+ +istan-e: The wire whi-h is not e!a-tly elasti-, emits a tone of fre(uen-y n, when hel+ by a tension 1. Tension is in-rease+ to 7T, the tone emitte+ by the wire will be of fre(uen-y (A n (# 2n (% slightly greater than 2n (& slightly less than 2n Q.7B A tuning for6 an+ a sonometer wire when soun+e+ together, pro+u-e 7 beats per se-, when the length of the wire is B"-m or 100-m. The fre(uen-y of the tuning for6 is (A 1"\$ (# 17A (% 1"2 (& 1\$0 Q."0 Two organ pipes, ea-h -lose+ atone en+, gi.e " beats per se-on+, when emitting their fun+amental notes. )f their lengths are in the ratio of "0D "1, their fun+amental fre(uen-ies (in O8 are (A 2"0,2"" (# 2"", 2\$0 (% 2\$9, 2\$" (& 2\$",2L0 Q."1 )f the molar spe-ifi- heat of an i+eal gas at -onstant .olume is % .C then its molar heat -apa-ity at -onstant pressure in terms of .olume will be, if T 0 To e. (where ToC an+ , are -onstants . (A %. < 31, (# 31, (% 3, (& %. < 3 Q."2 9ne meter long tube, -lose+ at both en+s, is lying hori8ontally. A mer-ury -olumn of length 0.1 m is fille+ in its mi++le an+ in rest two parts air is fille+ at atmospheri- pressure. 2hen the tube is turne+ to .erti-al position, then the +ispla-ement of mer-ury -olumn will be (5tan+ar+ pressure 0 0.L\$ meter of Og (A) #' (# 0.2Bm (% 0.02Bm (& 2.Bm Q."3 Two glass bulbs of e(ual .olume are -onne-te+ by a thin tube. A gas is fille+ in these bulbs at 9o% an+ at pressure L\$ %m of Og. 9ne of these bulbs is 6ept in melting i-e an+ another one is put in a tub of water maintaine+ at \$2J%. The new pressure in these bulbs will be (A A3.L %m of Og. (% L\$ %m ofOg. (# 3A.L %m of Og. (& 132 %m of Og. Q."7 At what temperature will the hy+rogen mole-ules es-ape from earth sufa-e / (A 107; (# 103; (% 102; (9 101; Q."" The mass of hy+rogen mole-ule is 3.32 T 10:2L ;g. )f 1023 hy+rogen mole-ules stri6e per se-on+ at 2 -m2 area of a rigi+ wall at an angle of 7"J from the normal an+ reboun+ ba-6 with spee+ of 1000 I!* then the pressure e!erte+ on the wall is (A 2 *as-al (# 2.37 ! 103 *as-al (% 0.23 ! 103 *as-al (& 23.7 ! 103 *as-al Q."\$ )n tile fol)owing figure two isothermals are shown at temperatures T ) an+ T2. 2hi-h of the

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following relation is -orre-t (A T2 = T1 (# T)=T2 (% T) 0 T2 (+ T1 0 T2 17 Q."L A lea+ bullet, when stoppe+ by a target, Iust melts. )f 2"Q of heat is absorbe+ by the target then the .elo-ity of bullet will be if its initial temperature is 2LV%. 4elting point of lea+ 0 32 0%, spe-ifi- heatof lea+ 0.03-al1gmr%,latent heat of fusion of lea+ 0\$ -al1gm. (A 70.BA m1s (% 7.0BA m1s. (# 70B.A m1s. (& 70BA m1s. Q."A )n the following in+i-ator +iagram, the net amount of * wor6 +one will be F (A positi.e (# negati.e (% 8ero (& infinity Q."B *ure water, -oole+ to :1"J%. is 6ept in an insulate+ flas6. 5ome i-e is +roppe+ into the flas6. The fra-tion of water fro8en into i-e is :.(5pe-ifi- heat of i-e 0 0." -al1gm J% . (A 213D (# \$13" (% 313" (& \$12B . Q.\$0 The temperature of an air bubble while rising from bottom to surfa-e of a la6e remains -onstant but its +iameter is +ouble+. )f the pressure on the surfa-e is e(ual to h meter of mer-ury -olumn an+ relati.e +ensity of mer-ury is p then the +epth of la6e is (A 2 ph m. (# 7 ph m. (% A ph m. (0 L p h m. Q.\$1 The energy emitte+ by sun stri6es the earth at the rate of 17 ! 10 3 watt1m2 The surfa-e temperature of sun will be if the ra+ius of sun is L ! 10A m an+ the ra+ius of earth orbit is 1." ! 10 11 m. (A "A0 ; (# 2L" ; (% "A01 ; (0 "A000 ; Q.\$2 )f the ' : -ur.e for a bla-6 bo+y at temperature T is as shown in the figure, then -ur.e at temperature 2T will be

Q.\$3 A soli+ -opper sphere of ra+ius 3 an+ a hollow -opper sphere of e(ual internal an+ e!ternal ra+ius 3are heate+ to same temperature an+ are then allowe+ to -ool in same atmosphere. 2hi-h of the following statements is -orre-t/ (A #oth the spheres will -ool simultaneously (# The temperatures of two spheres will be same (% The rate of -ooling of soli+ sphere will be more than that of hollow sphere (0 The rate of fall of temperature of hollow sphere will be more than that of soli+ sphere Q.64 A -alorimeter of water e(ui.alent " ! 10 :3 ;g -ontains 2" ! 10 :3 ;g of water. )t ta6es 3 minutes to -ool from 2AJ% to 21J%. 2hen the same -alorimeter is fille+ with 30 ! 10 :3 ;g. of turpentine oil then it ta6es 2 minutes to -ool from 2AJ% to 21J%. The spe-ifi- heat of turpentine oil will be (A 1 Joule1mol10% (% Wero (# 0." ;-al 1 6g 10% (& infinity Q.\$" A sphere of ra+ius 3, +ensity & an+ spe-ifi- heat 5 is heate+ to temperature an+ then -oole+ in an en-losure at temperature 0, )ts rate of fall of temperature will be proportional to (A 3&5 (# 113&5 (% 31&5 (& &513

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Q.\$\$ Two parti-les % an+ & are e!e-uting simple harmoni- motion with same amplitu+e a an+ same fre(uen-y along same straight line. The ma!imum +istan-e between two parti-les is a(#)1/#. The initial phase +ifferen-e between the two will be (A) / 4 (# /# (% (& 8ero Q.\$L An obser.er re-ei.es wa.es +ire-tly from a sour-e of soun+ +istant 120m in a big hall. Oe also re-ei.es wa.es refle-te+ from the mi+:point of 2"m high -eiling. T lie wa.elength of soun+ for -onstru-ti.e interferen-e to ta6e pla-e between two wa.es, must be (A ", 2.", "1:3:::::::: m (# 10, ", 1013:::::: m (% 20, 201 3,7:::::::m (& 10, 1013, 2:::::m Q.\$A The +isturban-e of wa.e propagating in positi.e ! +ire-tion at t 0 0 is N 0 11 (1 < ! 2 an+ at t 0 2s it be-omes y 0 11 G1< (!:1 112H then the phase .elo-ity of the wa.e will be (A) 112 m1s (# 117m1s (% 11\$m1s (& 11A m1s Q.\$B All the strings shown in the figure are i+enti-al. The pulleys are massless an+ fri-tionless. The ratio of spee+s of trans.erse wa.es in the strings A# an+ %& will be (A) 11(2 112 (# (2 112 (% 11 2 (& 2 Q.L0 The le.el of water -an be a+Iuste+ at any point in a 1.1 meter long glass tube. A tuning for6 of fre(uen-y \$\$0O8 is .ibrate+ at the open en+ of the tube, )f the .elo-ity of soun+ is 330m1s then the ma!imum number of harmoni-s pro+u-e+ in the tube will be (A 7 (# 3 (% 2 (& " Q.L1 A railway engine is approa-hing a railway -rossing with .elo-ity A0 miles1hour. 2hen the engine is at a +istan-e of 1 mile from the -rossing it blows a whistle of fre(uen-y 700O8. 2in+ is not blowing an+ .elo-ity of soun+ in air is 0.200 mile1s, The apparent fre(uen-y, hear+ by an obser.er stan+ing on a roa+ perpen+i-ularC to the -rossing at a +istan-e 0.\$ mile, will be (A "70 O8 (# 772 O8 (% 372 O8 (& 272 O8 Q.L2 2hen a sour-e of soun+ -rosses a stationary obser.er then the -hange in apparent fre(uen-y of soun+ obser.e+ by the.ob.ser.er, when ,s ?.? ,, will be (A n 0 2n,s 1, (# n 0 2n, 1,s (% n 0 2n, ,s (& (% n 0 2n,0 1, Q.L3 A .ibrating tuning for6 is tie+ to the en+ of a 1,BAA m long string an+ it is re.ol.e+ in a hori8ontal %ir-le. )f the for6 -ompletes two re.olutions in one se-on+ then the ratio of ma!imum an+ minimum fre(uen-ies hear+M by an obser.er situate+ in its plane will be (gi.en .elo-ity of soun+ 0 3"0 /!) (A 1.B (# 1.1"7 (% 2.1"7 (& 3.1"7 Q.L7 A Iet plane passes o.er an aero+rome with a .elo-ity 200m1s at a height of 7B0meter. )t -onstantly blows a whistle of 1 ;O8. )f it passes o.er the groun+ -rew in one se-on+ then the -hange in fre(uen-y obser.e+ by the staff in this inter.al will be if , 0 370 /!. (A \$20.3 O8 (# 23A.\$ O8 (% L20.A O8 (0 A20.2 O8 Q.L" Eour wires of same length an+ same material, whose +iameters are in the ratio 7 D 3 D 2D 1, are -lampe+ in su-h a way that ea-h wire pro+u-es not of fre(uen-y +ouble that of the pre-e+ing wire. )f the tension in the first wire is 2 ;g:wt, then tension in the se-on+ wire will be: (A 7." (# A (% B (# 1\$

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