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Issue No.

20 July 2008

July 2008

Issue No. 20

From the Editor

E-JETS NEWS is a publication that presents EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft technical items. This newsletter, compiled by EMBRAER Fleet Technical Center (EFTC), brings the latest developments and shares in-service knowledge and maintenance best practices. It also provides troubleshooting tips to optimize aircraft utilization and efficiency in daily operation. E-JETS NEWS addresses Operators concerns with maintenance support and dispatchability of EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft. It has relevant information to be shared with the technical departments, such as Engineering and Maintenance. Recipients are encouraged to distribute this newsletter to EMBRAER Customers. Earlier editions of E-JETS NEWS publication can be found at Flyembraer Portal at http://www.flyembraer.com - Login (enter username and password); - Select Maintenance and then Technical Support; - Select E-Jets NEWS for Operators; - Click on desired E-JETS NEWS. If any additional information regarding the in-service items covered in the E-JETS NEWS is needed, please contact the local EMBRAER Field Service Representative. General questions or comments about the E-JETS NEWS publication can be addressed to:

E-JETS NEWS Tel: Fax: +55 12 3927 7075 +55 12 3927 5996

E-mail: ejets.news@embraer.com.br

PROPRIETARY NOTICE The articles published in E-JETS NEWS are for information only and are an EMBRAER S/A property. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without EMBRAERs written consent. Also, no article published should be considered authority-approved data, unless specifically stated.

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July 2008

Issue No. 20

CF34-10E Aft Engine Mount Wear Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 There are some field reports received by EMBRAER concerning aft engine mount wear as presented in E-Jets NEWS Release No. 12 and No. 14, as shown in the pictures below.

Control Column Light Oscillation with AP Engaged Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As previously informed in E-jets NEWS Release No. 12, EMBRAER received some reports of control column oscillation during flight, when the Auto Pilot is engaged and Vertical Mode Speed is enabled. FOL 170-2007-066, Rev.1, was revised to inform that the root cause was identified as an occasional synchronism loss between the FGCS controls in the VS (Vertical Speed) mode. This asynchrony may result in the oscillation of the control column with no EICAS message associated and eventually with an autopilot disengagement. EMBRAER recommends that, in the case of control column oscillation during flight, pilots (after ensuring that the airplane is not in a pre-stall condition) disengage the VS mode and then reengage any Vertical Navigation mode desired (FPA, FLCH ), even the VS, again. For further information, please refer to FOL 1702007-066 rev1. The solution will be addressed through Load 23.

Observed wear on engine Aft Mount related to thermal blanket

As an interim solution, GE recommends that the blanket be lightly tapped with a rubber mallet, to provide more clearance. Wear limits were also revised (EMM Revision May/08) to provide more flexibility, as regards the wear limits and blending procedures to the operators. Revised limits are in CF34-10E Engine Manual, 71-00-20 Aft Engine Mount and inspection 001 (4. Visual inspection, subtask 71-00-20-220-802, F. All other areas for: wear). As a final solution, a thermal blanket design change to create more clearance was proposed and is being analyzed by GE. Design change details and field introduction forecast will be informed in a further edition.

EMBRAER 190 MLG Internal Nitrogen Leakage Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 According to E-Jets NEWS No. 15, EMBRAER informed that a new type of seal will be tested and, after the results are received, the implementation plan will be informed. The Greene Tweed seal (AGT seal 2000A1751K01) was submitted to a cycling test. Nearing completion of the tests (20,000 cycles), no signs of leakage were noted. Then, it will be released as a final solution to the fleet. AMM, IPC and released until attrition, that is, for units where be present. SB are expected to be Oct/2008 as FOC on MLG overhaul or retrofit leakage is suspected to
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July 2008

Issue No. 20

TAIL STRIKE PROT FAIL CAS Message Being Displayed Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As previously informed in the E-Jets NEWS Release No. 15, EMBRAER received some reports of TAILSTRIKE PROT FAIL CAS message occurrence without the RA in MMEL 34-31-00. This message is being triggered by a momentary loss of communication between the RA and TX/RX Antennas. SNL 190-27-0038 will be revised to inform the FIM TASK to check the cable connections between RA (RA 1 and 2) and TX / RX Antennas. In addition, there no need for any further maintenance action or operational check. It is important to emphasize that the TAILSTRIKE PROT FAIL message is inhibited on the ground with none of both engines running.

Wing Anti-Ice Valves Inop Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As an update of E-Jet NEWS Release No. 18, analysis of some cases of A-I WING FAIL observed during last winter concluded that the RH Slat A-I valve actuator supply port may freeze. Consequently, the valve does not open when necessary. EMBRAER 190 RH installation is more susceptible to such events, mainly during the first flight of the day, after a cold soak condition. Hamilton Sundstrand has performed tests and concluded that a heated tube is necessary to warm up the actuator servo supply chamber, thus avoiding ice formation. This solution is still under validation process, which may be finished by Jul/08. A new Service Bulletin is expected to be issued after the completion of this analysis. The figure below shows the modification proposal.

New Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Control Electronic PN 416500-1005 Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 This article is aimed at informing that Service Bulletin 190-27-0016 (Installation of new Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator Control Electronics, HS-ACE PN 4165001005) has been revised only to update the aircraft effectivity. Information regarding MOD 2 improvements has not been included in the revision. However, SNL 190-27-0039 describes all the technical modification incorporated in the new MOD 2 units and how to identify the Mod in the HS-ACE. The SNL is now available on the Flyembraer website.

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July 2008

Issue No. 20

EGPWM Retrofit to PN 7028419-1904 Update


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As previously informed in E-Jets NEWS release No. 17, an incompatibility between SBs 170-34-0021/190-34-0012 and the AIPC was detected. EMBRAER would like to highlight that those Service Bulletins DO NOT need to be accomplished anymore, once they were superseded by the AIPC revision. Also, no further action is required for those service bulletins that have already been accomplished.

Hydraulic Temperature Switch Installation


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 When performing the installation of the hydraulic temperature switch, special attention is required regarding the presence of a safety hole in the tee fitting. For the first deliveries of EMBRAER 170s, the installation of the temperature switch was in a different configuration and it was not required to apply a lock wire to these switches. Thus, for these aircraft, the tee fitting has no safety hole. The current configuration otherwise requires a safety wire and the tee fitting has an appropriate safety hole.

TAT Failure (PN 102AW1AF)


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER released SNL 170-34-0021 and SNL 190-34-0019, informing about the TAT failure and evidences of overheating and/ or burnt harness/ connector. EMBRAER recommends that the operators follow the instructions described in the mitigation action paragraph to prevent the occurrence of such event.

TCAS Operational Test


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 TCAS operational test must be executed according to the procedure described in AMM TASK 34-43-00-710-801-A / SUBTASK 710-001-A. It was verified that there is a test available on the TCAS / XPDR MCDU page, but it may generate incorrect results and must not be used. SNLs 170-34-0022 and 190-34-0020 bring further information about this issue.

AMM TASK 29-33-02-400-801-A Hydraulic Temperature Switch Installation was not reflecting such differences, so it has been recently revised. This new task is expected to be available for customers in the next AMM scheduled revision, expected for August/2008.

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July 2008

Issue No. 20

SNL FWD/ AFT Cargo Door Jamming Due To Foreign Object


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has issued SNLs 170-520021 and 190-52-0015 informing about cargo door jamming events and maintenance actions. It was detected that loose pieces of luggage or cargo door nets not properly attached to the floor fittings may interfere as foreign objects with the locking mechanism. Therefore, FIM tasks 52-31-00-810-801A (Forward-Cargo-Door does not open) and 52-32-00-810-801-A (Aft-Cargo-Door does not open) will be improved to also include the removal of the internal cargo door lining from the outside, using the access through the maintenance panel. Refer to the mentioned SNLs for detailed information.

Thrust Reverser Fire Seal - GE SB 78-0050 release


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 Recently, GE has issued SB 78-0050 (Replacement of the Fire Seals in the Lower Area) to improve durability of both Lower Rear Seal and Drain Mast Seal. The redesign changed the type of junctions between seals, the junction locations and the shape of the seals. Design improved seals were introduced on Thrust Reverser SN 430. SB 78-0050 is recommended to be accomplished when one of the lower seals are removed from the Thrust Reverser or when they are not repairable, as per Engine Manual TASK 78-31-05300-801 (Repair of the Lower Rear Seal, Repair 001). The fire seals located in the upper area of the Inner Fixed Structure (IFS) will be addressed by a follow-on SB, as upper and lower seals can be replaced independently.

Audio Control Panel (ACP) Dimming Function


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has received some reports of ACPs lights flickering but without losing their functionality. Further analysis revealed that such behavior can be caused by the position of the rotary knob of the cockpit lights panel. This rotary knob controls a potentiometer, provided with a non-linearity in its course, causing the symptom observed. SNLs: 170-23-0006 and 190-23-0005 contain further details about this issue.

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July 2008

Issue No. 20

G3 Smoke Seal/ Ventilation Tube Installation


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has been inquired about the different configurations of the smoke seal installation located behind Galley G3, in the aft avionics compartment. See below examples of typical installations:

Engine-Driven Pump (EDP) Ball Attenuator Removal


Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As previously informed in E-Jets NEWS Release No. 15 and in releases No. 7, 9 and 12 under the article title, EngineDriven Pump (EDP)-03 Removals, modifications on Engine-Driven Pump (EDP) were introduced since the beginning of EMBRAER 170/ 190 operation, to address external leakage issues. After the retrofit of EDP 51164-01 and 51164-02 to 51164-03 and 51164-04, cases have still been reported concerning cases of leakage in the EDP -03 at the interface of the port cap and front housing split line due to damage of the larger face seal. Aircraft prototype and laboratory tests indicated that the EDP discharge ball attenuator installation is causing a magnification of the pressure ripple level in the tubing between the EDP and the ball attenuator. Excess ripple is thought to be a major contributor to the damage in the port cap/ front housing split line seal.

Due to certification and smoke penetration requirements, the configurations may vary between EMBRAER 170/175/190/195 models as per table below: Model 170 Effectivity MSN 001 to 129 MSN 130 and on All 175 All 190 All 195 Installation Smoke Seal only Ventilation Tube only Ventilation Tube only Smoke Seal + Ventilation tube Smoke Seal + Ventilation tube

The solution of relocating and resizing the attenuator was discarded because it requires a substantial design modification, requiring an installation recertification. After good results on the E170 (refer to E-Jets NEWS Release No. 15) and extensive testing on the E190, attenuator removal on the E190 was reassessed: Ripple is substantially minimized during cruise phase. Passenger cabin noise level measured on a production aircraft configuration was negligible. The final solution for the EDP external leakage is to retrofit EDP -01 and -02 to 03 or -04, and apply SB 190-29-0020 HYDRAULIC POWER - REMOVAL OF ENGINE-DRIVEN-PUMP (EDP) PRESSURE ATTENUATOR OF No. 1 AND No. 2 HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS.
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175 190 195

If this difference is noted during checks/ maintenance activities, please be advised of the mentioned information about each aircraft model and effectivity.

July 2008

Issue No. 20

CF34-10E Engine, Commanded In Flight Shut Down (IFSD) Event Due to Engine Hardware Failure
Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 The EMBRAER 190 fleet has recently experienced a commanded engine IFSD during the takeoff phase. It was reported that there is a loud noise just after the landing gears are commanded to the up position and the ITT from engine number two reached approximately 1100C. The flight crew elected to shut the engine down and decided to return to departure airport. A controlled approach was performed with no emergency declaration and without any incident or injuries. After landing, an engine visual inspection was performed and no signs of FOD were observed. The N1 shaft was locked and metal debris were found in the engine exhaust area. The VSV system was inspected and no damage or any discrepancy was reported. As part of the maintenance action, a borescope inspection was performed and internal damage in the HPT was found. A complete borescope inspection was not possible because some access ports were stuck. The engine was removed and sent to engine shop for repair and root cause investigation. Initial Investigation shows HPT blade airfoil separation as the primary cause for IFSD. The root cause is still unknown and investigation is in progress. No action in the field is recommended at this moment.
HPT area, Internal damages Metal debris on exhaust area

Metal debris on exhaust area

HPT area, Internal damages

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July 2008

Issue No. 20
These Notice/ Bulletins were issued for information only. Nevertheless, upon performance of scheduled maintenance of the landing gear wheels, it was recommended to carry out a detailed visual inspection of the wheel carbon heat pack for obvious damage, distortion, missing elements or corrosion. Complete information can be found at: EASA SIN 2008-19: http://www.easa.eu.int/ws_prod/c/c_sin.p hp FAA SAIB NM-08-27: http://rgl.faa.gov Brake carbon disk failures due to catalytic oxidation are in fact one issue that has particularly affected EMBRAER 170. However, the EMBRAER 190 is also subject to the same condition. During EOC USA 2008, the update regarding this issue was informed as shown below: Interim Solution

APU Troubleshooting
Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 In order to achieve better APU system troubleshooting capabilities, EMBRAER and Hamilton Sundstrand have developed the APU FADEC Software Version 3.0, APU FADEC Hardware Version 3.0 and the Electronic Starter Controller Version 2 (ESC 2). The new functionalities include fault modeling logic changes as well as new hardware for closed-loop monitoring of the Brushless Starter Generator (BSG) and the Fuel Module. As other support tools for APU troubleshooting, EMBRAER will issue an SNL with preventive maintenance recommendations. Additionally, the FIM tasks have been revised to include the FADEC 3.0 SW fault isolation logic and to align the troubleshooting procedures to the reported field fixes of the faults.

Catalytic Oxidation of Carbon Brakes due to Runway De-icing (RDI) Fluids


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 On March 13 , 2008, EASA issued a Safety Information Notice (SIN) 2008-19 concerning the Catalytic Oxidation of Carbon Brakes due to Runway De-icing (RDI) Fluids. FAA issued an equivalent document on June 06th, 2008: Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin (SAIB) NM-08-27. The intention is to advise registered owners and operators of Transport Category Airplanes equipped with carbon brakes and operated to/ from airports where RDI fluids are used, that the use of carbon brakes in aircraft since the 1980s and the concurrent switch to more environmental friendly organic salt RDI fluids have led to a concern that is possibly safety-related, and that corrective actions may impose additional costs.
th

MABS SB 90000583-32-04 recommends inspection at each tire change after 1000 cycles brake life, not exceeding 1400 cycles; Improved anti-oxidation coating for the brake pressure plate Final Solution New anti-oxidation coating for all disks Implementation Plan EMBRAER 170: Pressure plate coating already implemented by brake PN 90000583-2 All disks coating: Dec/2008 EMBRAER 190: Pressure plate coating to be implemented in Nov/2008 All disks coating: Jan/2009 Implementation FOC on attrition
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July 2008

Issue No. 20
INHIBITED ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE SPDBRK LEVER DISAG FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH

MFS PCU/ FCM/ YOKE LVDT SNSR Correlated With FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH
Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER received some field reports from operators concerning the occurrence of FLT CTRL NO DISPATCH messages with the following associated maintenance messages on the CMC at the same time: L MID MFS LVDT SNSR PCU/FCM4/YOKE

L MID MFS PCU/FCM4/YOKE LVDT SNSR L INBD MFS PCU/FCM3/YOKE LVDT SNSR L OUTBD MFS PCU/FCM1/YOKE LVDT SNSR R MID MFS PCU/FCM4/YOKE LVDT SNSR R INBD MFS PCU/FCM3/YOKE LVDT SNSR R OUTBD MFS PCU/FCM1/YOKE LVDT SNSR

This issue was fixed on Load 21 through the modification of Speed Brake interlocks condition logic.

IDG Disconnect Procedure


Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER Operations Team has issued FOL 170-2008-028, informing about DDPM revision regarding the procedure used to disconnect the IDG when the aircraft is dispatched with an IDG inoperative (For operators under authority certification that allows one IDG on MEL). The dispatch with one IDG (MEL item 2421-01 Engine Driven Generator) inoperative requires that this IDG be disconnected before the release of the airplane. The following procedure must be followed for the correct disconnection of the affected IDG on ground:

L INBD MFS PCU/FCM3/YOKE LVDT SNSR L OUTBD MFS PCU/FCM1/YOKE LVDT SNSR R MID MFS LVDT SNSR PCU/FCM4/YOKE

R INBD MFS PCU/FCM3/YOKE LVDT SNSR R OUTBD MFS PCU/FCM1/YOKE LVDT SNSR This scenario happens when the aircraft equipped with Load 19 is in flight with Calibrated Air Speed (CAS) near 180 knots and Speed Brake handle off of the "stowed" position, thus the Spoiler Command Response Monitor is simultaneously triggered on FCM 1, 3 and 4. It is important to note that CAS 180 knots is the minimum speed for Speed Brake actuation. The Spoiler Command Response Monitor may have been triggered due to a small difference on the airspeed calculated by FCM lanes A and B while CAS was near 180 knots. This difference could cause only one lane to disable the Speed Brake command to its MFS PCU. Whenever this occurs, the SPDBRK LEVER DISAG message must be triggered on the CMC. The extracted FHDB (some columns were hidden) shows an example of described scenario:

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July 2008
For operators under TCCA authority certification, the AMM/RMM will be revised to show the procedure above. It will be made available in the next schedule revision (July/08 footer date). Control Electronics

Issue No. 20

IDG = Integrated Drive Generator ITT = Interstage Turbine Temperature IFSD = In-Flight Shut down

Acronyms
ACP = Audio Control Panel AD = Airworthiness Directive AIPC = Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog AMM = Aircraft Maintenance Manual ANAC = Agncia Nacional de Aviao Civil (Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority) AOM = Airplane Operations Manual APU = Auxiliary Power Unit BSG = Brushless Starter Generator CAS = Crew Alerting System CMC = Central Maintenance Computer CMM = Component Maintenance Manual DLS = Data Load System EDP = Engine-Driven Pump EICAS = Engine Indicating and Crew Alerting System EIPC = Engine Illustrated Parts Catalog EMM = Engine Maintenance Manual ESC = Electronic Starter Controller FADEC = Full Authority Digital Electronic Control FCM = Flight Controls Module FGCS = Flight Guidance Control System FHDB = Fault History Database FIM = Fault Isolation Manual FOL = Flight Operations Letter HPT = High Pressure Turbine HS-ACE = Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator

LDI = Loadable Diagnostic Information LRU = Line Replaceable Unit LVDT = Linear Variable DifferentialTransducer MFS = Multi-function Spoiler MLG = Main Landing Gear MMEL = Master Minimum Equipment List OB = Operational Bulletins PCU = Power Control Unit PN = Part Number SB = Service Bulletin SN = Serial Number SNSR = Sensor SNL = Service Newsletter TR = Thrust Reverser T/S = Troubleshooting VSV = Variable Stator Vane Note: All abbreviations used in EMBRAER Maintenance Manuals can be found in the Introduction to AMM Part II.

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