Issue No.

21 – August 2008

This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without EMBRAER’s written consent. 21 From the Editor E-JETS NEWS is a publication that presents EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft technical items. unless specifically stated. Earlier editions of E-JETS NEWS publication can be found at Flyembraer Portal at http://www. Recipients are encouraged to distribute this newsletter to EMBRAER Customers. . no article published should be considered authority-approved data.Select “Maintenance” and then “Technical Support”. . General questions or comments about the E-JETS NEWS publication can be addressed to: E-JETS NEWS Tel: Fax: +55 12 3927 7075 +55 12 3927 5996 E-mail: ejets. Page 1 .Select “E-Jets NEWS for Operators”.Login (enter username and password).com. please contact the local EMBRAER Field Service Representative. This newsletter. compiled by EMBRAER Fleet Technical Center (EFTC). Also. If any additional information regarding the in-service items covered in the E-JETS NEWS is needed.br PROPRIETARY NOTICE The articles published in E-JETS NEWS are for information only and are an EMBRAER S/A property.flyembraer. . It has relevant information to be shared with the technical departments.com .news@embraer. such as Engineering and Maintenance. It also provides troubleshooting tips to optimize aircraft utilization and efficiency in daily operation. E-JETS NEWS addresses Operators concerns with maintenance support and dispatchability of EMBRAER 170/190 aircraft. brings the latest developments and shares in-service knowledge and maintenance best practices.August 2008 Issue No.Click on desired E-JETS NEWS.

it was found that if the I-BIT test is interrupted for any reason. As an interim solution. When the I-BIT test fails. EMBRAER would like to share some additional tips concerning the Flight Controls Integrity test. . the endurance test will be extended up to 30. EMBRAER suggests continuing with the AMM TASK until the “FLT CTRL TEST FAILED” (amber) is displayed in the EICAS and identify in the CMC ACTUATOR INTEGRITY TEST page (15 OF 15) which BIT has been triggered. After further investigation. 12. Perform a new power reset and re-do the test. • FIM tasks 22-11-00-810-91T-A (for AFCS channel 2) and 22-11-00810-91U-A (for AFCS channel 1) must be accomplished to check the system. a power reset must be performed (in accordance with AMM TASK 24-4202-860-802-A/200). the test did not pass successfully. even after a second attempt. it was reported that this test was interrupted during the accomplishment of the test itself and. During the Flight Controls Integrity Test (AMM TASK 27-00-00-710-801-A).August 2008 Issue No. Page 2 AMS Controllers – RECIRC SMK DET FAIL – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As an update of E-Jets NEWS Nos. Note: Each cycle in the tests being performed at Liebherr laboratory consists in reproducing.000 cycles and no leakage was noted. the profile of the Landing Gear operation considering the Taxi-in. recommends the following: EMBRAER • FOL 170-007-066 informs pilots about the correct procedure to be taken. This classification level will require the TCCA. The Solution will be addressed through load 23. EMBRAER released SNL 170-22-0010 and 190-22-0009 this week in order to inform operators about Control Column Oscillation with AP Engaged when the VS (Vertical Speed) FlightDirector mode is activated by the pilot and a command in the Guidance Panel VS wheel is inserted. Therefore. the fault is recorded in the FCM NVM and must be cleared before a new attempt. otherwise. EMBRAER is expecting the Design Change Approval in Oct/08. If the same BIT previously identified triggers again do the applicable corrective maintenance action. 15 and 16. which was previously presented in the EJets NEWS releases Nos. Revision 1 was recently released. If any failure is detected during the test. 21 Integrity Tests (I-BIT) Tips – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 As previously informed in E-Jets NEWS Released No. EMBRAER 190 MLG Internal Nitrogen leakage – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As an update on the subject in reference. Although the seal has already been approved. 15 and 20. FAA and EASA change evaluation. Control Column Oscillation with AP Engaged – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As informed in E-jets NEWS Release No. EMBRAER would like to inform the following: • Endurance tests of new AGT seal PN 2000A1751K01 achieved 20. 12 and 20. in average. EMBRAER would like to inform that Brazilian Authorities (ANAC) classified the Black Label Design Change Approval as level 1. After that. the seal will be removed and inspected for any sign of damage. the test will not successfully pass.000 cycles.

• SB release and introduction of the new seal in the production line will occur from Oct/2008 onwards. if leakage is suspected (refer to SNL 190-32-0022). o Fluid and release. o Sliding tube removal from shock strut main fitting (seals removal). Page 3 . This task is based on the procedure currently followed by Liebherr in the cases where the seal replacement was necessary. o MLG servicing and lowering of the aircraft. Nitrogen pressure Issue No. 17. 21 CF34-10E Engine. Landing and Taxi-out (gate-togate). by the end of September. Center Vent Tube deformed. 4). o Sliding tube assembly. The engine is currently at the engine shop for analysis and repair. In addition. A PIL was released in Aug/2008. • AMM task 32-11-04 to replace the floating piston seal released in Aug/2008. GE will conduct a test. second field event reported – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 As informed in E-Jets NEWS Release No. separator piston and bearings seals removal). The relation between the CVT deformation and high oil consumption has not yet been confirmed. o Sliding tube installation on shock strut main fitting. o Special tools are required and it is estimated aircraft downtime of 16 hours. an oil streak on the centerbody. on the removed CVT in order to evaluate the possibility of adding operational limits for CVT in the deformed condition. The CVT was replaced but the engine failed the oil consumption test and the operator’s engineering decided to remove it.August 2008 Takeoff. below the exhaust area. EMBRAER received a second report about deformation on the CF3410E Center Vent Tube (CVT) (the first event was mentioned in E-Jets NEWS release No. it was found that the engine position # 1 CVT was misshaped (oval form). • The new seal will be introduced in the next scheduled revision of the AIPC. issued in May 2008. an oil puddle in the chevron nozzle and on the ground. the new seal could already be introduced without the need to wait for the SB release in Oct/2008. 18. o Sliding tube disassembly (floating piston. No action in the field is necessary. were observed. o Let floating piston into oven for 2 hours. Note: With AMM and AIPC released in Aug/2008. Recommendations for Autobrake Disengagement with New BCM – Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 In E-Jets NEWS Release No. The main points are summarized below: o Jacking the aircraft (1000 mm between ground and wheel axle). Liebherr field support can be provided to assist in the seal replacement. During a pilot routine walk-around inspection. information about the nonexpected behavior related to the disengagement of the autobrake system on landing identified in aircraft with new Brake Control Module (BCM) and the recommendations for autobrake disengagement with new BCM was provided.

• It was identified that compliance with the autobrake disengagement procedure through the brake pedals at 80kt. Potable Water Filling Process Interruption – SNL Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has released SNL 170-380015 and 190-38-0016 about interruptions observed while filling the potable water tank. Despite the fact that it does not affect aircraft safety. 170-2008-021 and Operational Bulletin (OB) No. avoids any autobrake disengagement nonexpected behavior. Investigation has shown that. INVERTER FAIL events Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 SNLs 170-24-0032 and 190-24-0026 have been issued to inform Operators about the INVERTER FAIL events observed on the fleet. These documents bring information about minor changes implemented via MOD that also may be requested during shop visits. This may occur some times during the process. on aircraft equipped with these modules. It is important to highlight that the AIPC must always be consulted to verify the fleet's part number effectivity. developed improvements and recommended actions as well. This BCM part number will be the same for both EMBRAER 170 and EMBRAER 190 and will require Primus EPIC Load 23 or newer.LANDING GEAR SYSTEM – AUTOBRAKE SYSTEM have been revised and will inform above scenario to operators. the F/D Valve waits 10 seconds to reopen and restart the process. the events observed on KGS and Marathon equipment. Investigation indicated that water splashes over the water level sensor during the filling process. Refer to the mentioned SNL for maintenance action and final solution. as recommended in Standard Operating Procedures Manual (SOPM) section 5 – Normal Procedures. Page 4 . 170-004/08 have been issued to inform the above scenario to operators’ flight crew. Aircraft are being delivered with these new modules installed since February. 21 MOD implementation guide Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 SNLs 170-00-0037 and 190-00-0033 have been issued to provide a basic guidance for the Operators regarding the E-Jet's equipment improvements available. When the water splashes over the water level sensor. Once closed. 2008.August 2008 The new BCM PN 142-071142 for the EMBRAER 170 and PN 142-091141 for the EMBRAER 190 is being introduced by EMBRAER though SB 170-32-0036 and SB 190-32-0023 in order to improve software robustness and eliminate some misbehavior identified in the previous version. causing this process to take more time than normal. when the autobrake is manually disengaged by the autobrake selector knob or the thrust lever. EMBRAER would like to inform the following updates in this matter: • The solution for this issue will be a new BCM PN 142-091142. Issue No. an improvement to eliminate this characteristic is required. a sudden pressure spike may occur after the first brake application with a pedal deflection higher than 20%. It was confirmed that this new BCM software presents this side-effect. These documents bring information about the system operation. • SNL 170-32-0016 and SNL19032-0010 . • Flight Operation Letter (FOL) No. it sends a signal of FULL quantity to the Water and Waste System Controller (WWSC) that commands the Fill/Drain Valve to close.

The mentioned SBs revision shall be available in September/2008. the upgrade of the latch may be done by implementing only SB Part II and SB Part I. The new PN AS200-00075 was made available in the AIPC 52-5103. PN AS-52-0081 is improved for EMI protection and re-identified to PN AS200-00004 by the accomplishment of SBs 170-52-0030 and 190-52-0012 and the PN AS200-00075 is two-way interchangeable with the latter. 1101. the need to replace the PN AS-52-0081 with the new PN AS200-00075 requires the accomplishing of the SBs. 1098. can be scheduled to a heavy check. Nevertheless. EMBRAER would like to advise that there is no side-effect if one of these actuators is found on the airplane. However. SB 170-52-0030 / 190-52-0012 Revision Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Due to the low reliability of the EMDL (Electro-mechanical Door Latch) PN AS52-0081 (with electrical locking/ unlocking activation by optical sensors). Therefore. 21 Further investigation revealed that the following flap actuators serial numbers are susceptible to have this discrepancy: 1102. 1100. it has been redesigned to have micro-switch activation. it was noticed that the actuator’s overtravel stop was incorrectly installed on this unit (see the picture below). 1097. which requires 30 man-hours. Flap Actuator Overtravel Stop Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER received a report from an E190 operator that during replacement of a flap actuator (part number C155811-1). In additional. Thus.August 2008 Issue No. 1099. EMBRAER decided to revise the mentioned SBs in order to split them into two parts: Part I for harness replacement and Part II for EMDL replacement. In view of the 30 man-hour required to accomplish SBs 170-52-0030 and 19052-0012 and the need to upgrade the EMDL to PN AS200-00075. all E-190 operators who may have one of these units installed in their fleet are being informed about the action plans to schedule the replacement of such units. Page 5 .

SNL for Passenger / Service Door Handle Cover Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has issued SNLs 170-250028 and 190-25-0021 about improvements in the passenger / service door lining handle cover. Refer to the SNLs in question for further details and maintenance action. as the APU is immediately shut down without the usual one-minute cooldown period. 21 APU Fire Test’s Time Exceeded Causes Auto-shutdown of the APU Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 During analysis of aircraft data due to reports of APU auto-shutdown. Trespassing this time will immediately shut the APU down. FADEC Spurious Maintenance Messages on the FHDB Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 Some changes were implemented on LDIs V08. EMBRAER is working to release the final solution in a future LDI version.3 in order to avoid the recording of FADEC spurious maintenance messages on the FHDB when engine shutdown is commanded. they are still being recorded. EMBRAER noticed that some of them were related to the time the APU Fire Test Button was pressed when performing the Fire Test. alerting for the possibility of undesired APU shutdown due to exceeded time limit to perform the APU fire test. This is not recommended if it is not an emergency case. Investigation indicated that this cover could possibly detach from the main lining assembly either due to hinge pin not properly crimped or due to specific installations with adhesive between the arm/disarm door assembly. scheduled to Oct/08. Although the number of spurious maintenance messages was reduced on the FHDB. This caution note is expected to be issued in the next AOM revision. no more than 10 (ten) seconds are allowed when performing this test. When pressing the Fire Test Button in the Fire Extinguisher Panel in the cockpit.2 and V08. because it may cause damage to the APU system.August 2008 Issue No. EMBRAER Flight Operations Support Team will include a caution note in the Airplane Operations Manual (AOM). Page 6 .

As an interim solution.Slat Control System (Mechanical) – Rigging . a new slat fail event took place during the retraction of the slat surface. According to a report from an operator. Temporary repair development is planned for the third quarter of 2008. Field impact associated with this issue may be the impossibility to inhibit the ICU. this PN had no changes in its design (SB 78-0028 for lever improvement is related to painting). Returned units will be covered by warranty if below 3 years since aircraft delivery and 9000 FH. GE Field Support Representative should be contacted to get a copy of those documents. The mis-rigging condition on the slat mechanism may cause a slat failure event due to the fact that it does not keep the adequate clearance between the slat track and the rollers. a GE TI-00142 with a fly-on for some specific conditions has been issued. whichever occurs first. Since EIS. therefore. This disposition will be reevaluated after root cause confirmation. • More than 3 years in service. Page 7 . Field data showed that failures are concentrated on: • Mean age of faulty units is 8200 hours. in order to prevent this kind of event. as can be seen in the picture below: EMBRAER 170/175 – TR Isolation Control Unit (ICU) Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 EMBRAER has received reports from the field regarding wear on CF34-8E TR ICU PN P528A0001-01 or P528A0001-02. after a slat fail event during the extension of the slat surface. also avoiding unnecessary removals. The actuator was then removed and replaced by a new one. Further investigation revealed that the mechanical rigging was found to be out of limit. it might be necessary to replace the affected part. the instructions of the AMM TASK 27-80-00-820-801-A . Therefore. 21 Slat Actuator Jammed – Troubleshooting Tip Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 The purpose of this article is to share some troubleshooting tips concerning Slat Fail events. Root cause analysis has started by GE on the recovered parts where some possibilities are under investigation. Service Letter CF34-8E-MHD-78-32-610R00 was released with more details on this issue. however.must be accomplished after the replacement of the Slat Actuator.August 2008 Issue No. Brackets are not line replaceable. in particular to its Inhibition Lever Brackets. the slat actuator was primarily identified as the root cause of such event.

LOAD 21. clean. This is an FMS unexpected behavior. 21 Emergency/ Parking Brake Handle not holding up Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 EMBRAER has received reports of Emergency/ Parking Brake Handle not locking up due to the presence of dirt in its locking mechanism (items 380 to 410 on fig).2 installed. EMBRAER recommends that operators should remove the handle and inspect it in order to determine whether the cause can be dirt in the locking mechanism. Additionally. For further information.2 – Flight Level Limited to FL 370 Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 Some operators have reported that the scratchpad message "EXCEEDS CERT CEILING" was coming into view when a flight level above FL 370 was entered on the MCDU. The avionics compartment cooling system contains two K9 relays: one is installed in the EICC (located in forward e-bay) and the other one is installed in the RICC (located in the center e-bay). and verify system operation.2 field installation. Further analysis revealed that this may also occur during the normal aircraft operation. reinstall the handle. In events where the Emergency/ Parking Brake Handle is not locking up. EMBRAER released new revisions for Service Newsletters 170-00-0034 and 190-00-0030 providing clarification and the required intermediate action. particularly related to aircraft with Load 21. Page 8 . EMBRAER recommends that the operator should remove. EMBRAER will discuss the need of issuing an observed FIM Task to help operators to address this failure. Initially. when a Power Down/ Power Up procedure was performed before the APM installation. refer to SNL 17021-0004/ 190-21-0024. aircraft factory-delivered with modified EICCs (SN A0426 or higher) have the new K9 relays that contain some improvements incorporated (date code 0736C or later). Only the K9 relay installed in the EICC is related to the FWD and CENTER EBAY FANS FAIL CAS messages. if positive. this effect was observed only after Load 21. Replacement of Incorrect K9 Relay during Troubleshooting of Forward and Center “EBAY FANS FAIL” CAS Messages Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 A case of improper K9 relay replacement during troubleshooting of the FWD and CENTER EBAY FANS FAIL messages displayed on the EICAS has been reported.August 2008 Issue No.

The differences in the number of beads in association to other design characteristics make the radial tire lighter than the bias tire. SWPM (Standard Wiring Practices Manual) must always be consulted for any wiring issue. The table below presents the tire weights.August 2008 Issue No. In despite of having the same external dimensions. each ply makes an angle different from 90 degrees to the circumferential line of the tire. Also. EMBRAER 190/ 195 Radial Tires Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER would like to inform operators that the radial tire was certified for use on the EMBRAER 195 main gear and it is already available in the AIPC. On the radial tire. as shown in the picture below. now operators have a complete set of radial tires to install on the aircraft. In addition. the radial and bias tire are designed and manufactured according to different parameters. compounds and materials. Page 9 . the belt plies are wrapped around the bead at an angle of 90 degrees. On the bias ply tire. EMBRAER would like to advise that no immediate action is needed if the airplane is found with the reported chaffing marks. 21 Aileron Torque Tube Chaffed By Landing Gear Freefall Cable Effectivity: EMBRAER 190 EMBRAER has received some reports from the field regarding chaffing marks in the aileron quadrant torque tube caused by landing gear freefall cable. Electrical Connector – Useful Information about Evaluation of Visual Aspects Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 SNLs 170-20-0001 and 190-20-0001 have been issued to provide an auxiliary guideline for an identification of oxidation and corrosion on electrical connectors and the recommended actions. It is important to highlight that the information contained in these SNLs are meant to be only a reference. The inflation pressure is also the same for both tires. Since the nose wheel radial tire was previously certified. EMBRAER is evaluating a possible acceptable damage limit for the torque tube. This radial tire is the same as that of the EMBRAER 190 and can be used as an alternative to the originally certified bias tires. The pictures below illustrate the difference. As soon as the analysis result and solution are available EMBRAER will share this information to all operators. An interim procedure is being developed in order to provide a means to prevent the chaffing condition. The radial and the bias tires were developed to have the same external dimensions and the same speed/load/ pressure rating.

• An SNL is already available to inform the operators about it (SNL 170-33-0019 and SNL 190-330025). Thus. operators must contact Michelin. EMBRAER has been working together with C&D/ Diehl (manufacturer of the ELPU) to have a solution available this semester.LH MLG with two radial tires and RH MLG with two bias tires. • There is an issue on the circuit board of the ELPU (Emergency Light Power Unit) for the daily test performed by the FAP (Flight Attendant Panel) test button. To request the radial tire. The radial tire is manufactured by Michelin and the bias tire is manufactured by Dunlop. 21 Emergency Light System Update Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 The emergency light system has been under investigation since 2005. 2) Regarding the Operator’s stock handling procedure: • Also. If you do not obey this precaution. . the stock of each operator should have a similar handling procedure implemented. There is an internal counter in the ELPU that is not working properly and if the aircraft stays without power for more than 36 hours and the FAP TEST BUTTON is pressed. or vice versa. The results of this investigation have revealed that some modification on the circuit board of the ELPU will be necessary in order to solve the main issues. and brake control system functionality. 3) Regarding the 1-minute test (FAP TEST BUTTON). it may be damaged if installed directly on the aircraft (without prime). damage to the equipment can occur.August 2008 Issue No. This configuration will not affect aircraft handling. an Page 10 EMBRAER only authorizes the mixing of bias and radial tire types in different legs. The results of the investigation and the steps EMBRAER has already accomplished are given below: 1) Regarding the EMBRAER production line – handling procedure: • The manufacturer has informed that when the battery has been in stock longer than 6 months. so EMBRAER implemented a charging procedure at EMBRAER production line that charges the batteries before they are installed on the aircraft (Jul/2007). . for example: .NLG with two radial tires or two bias tires. performance.

See below an example of flight deck maintenance merged FHDB of this case. • An SNL is already available to the operators providing inform on an interim solution for this case (SNL 170-33-0018 and SNL 190-330024). After the installation of the new ELPU. Acronyms AD = Airworthiness Directive AIPC = Aircraft Illustrated Parts Catalog AMM = Aircraft Maintenance Manual AMS = Air Management System ANAC = Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority) AOM = Airplane Operations Manual APU = Auxiliary Power Unit BCM = Brake Control Module CAS = Crew Alerting System CMC = Central Maintenance Computer CMM = Component Maintenance Manual DLS = Data Load System EICAS = Engine Indicating and Crew Alerting System Page 11 . A Service Bulletin will be released by the end of September 20008 and a retrofit campaign with rotable parts will be set with each Operator in order to retrofit the WW Fleet with new batteries and the new ELPU. For this reason some internal components of the ELPU will be modified/ included in order to correct that. To summarize. Incorporation is planned for LDI 09.August 2008 unexpected behavior could occur (e.g. • There is also an issue with the circuit board of the ELPU that controls the battery charge. so the operator has to follow the recommendation for both separately in order to avoid delays. Issue No. 21 XBLEED FAILED OPEN CMC Message Effectivity: EMBRAER 170 / 190 A recent case of XBLEED FAIL made evident that the system cannot correlate this CAS message when the crossbleed valve fails open (CMC message XBLEED VLV (OPEN) [C1]/WRG FAULT). • An SNL is already available to the operators providing inform on an interim solution for this case (SNL 170-33-0017 and SNL 190-330023). etc. the ELPU design will be modified to improve the overall performance of the unit in general and correct the malfunction identified in the circuit board. the SNLs mentioned in items 3 and 4 will be canceled. 4) Regarding the battery discharge during extended parking (RETURN TO SERVICE). NOTE: Failure modes 3 and 4 are not related with each other. lights remain ON for more than 1 minute after TEST). Further investigation confirmed that this correlation has not yet been incorporated to the updated LDI versions.

August 2008 ELPU = Emergency Light Power Unit EMDL = Electro-mechanical Door Latch EMM = Engine Maintenance Manual FADEC = Full Authority Digital Electronic Control FAP = Flight Attendant Panel FCM = Flight Controls Module FHDB = Fault History Database FIM = Fault Isolation Manual FMS = Flight Management System FOL = Flight Operations Letter IBIT = Initial Built-In Test ICU = Isolation Control Unit LDI = Loadable Diagnostic Information LRU = Line Replaceable Unit MCDU = Multifunction Control Display Unit MLG = Main Landing Gear MMEL = Master Minimum Equipment List NLG = Nose Landing Gear NVM = Non-Volatile Memory OB = Operational Bulletins PIL = Parts Information Letters PN = Part Number SB = Service Bulletin SN = Serial Number SNL = Service Newsletter T/S = Troubleshooting Note: All abbreviations used in EMBRAER Maintenance Manuals can be found in the Introduction to AMM Part II. 21 Page 12 . Issue No.

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