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Rand Eppich, Editor Amel Chabbi, Associate Editor
Uluru. St. Photo: © Cliff Ogleby. Photo: © Pamela Jerome. Photo: J. . Peru. Australia. Al Gorha. Yemen. Detail of Mutitjulu Anangu rock art. Detail of the Last Judgment mosaic. Czech Republic. Paul Getty Trust.Front cover. Photo: Dusan Stulik. Village of Wadi Do’an. Vitus Cathedral. top to bottom: Inca earthen site of Tambo Colorado.
Recording. Documentation. and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places illustrated examples .
.Virtual Solutions Condition Survey Subsurface Conditions Monitoring Movement Structural Assessment Building Survey Wall Deformation Rapid Assessment Reading Interventions Planning Interventions Ancestral Art Mapping Features Inspecting Sites Record for Posterity Deﬁning Landscapes City Inventories Traditional Techniques Recording Streetscapes Locations of the illustrated examples.
Documentation. Editor Amel Chabbi. Los Angeles Rand Eppich. and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places illustrated examples The Getty Conservation Institute. Associate Editor .Recording.
edu/conservation Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Production Editor Angela Escobar Editorial Assistant Gail Ostergren Copy Editor Dianne J.6’9—dc22 2008028534 The Getty Conservation Institute works internationally to advance conservation practice in the visual arts—broadly interpreted to include objects. The Getty Conservation Institute 1200 Getty Center Drive. Information resources management—Case studies. I. 6. Cultural property— Protection—Case studies. associate editor. model ﬁeld projects. 7. Any omissions will be corrected in future volumes if the publisher is notiﬁed in writing. Eppich. education and training. Woo Designer Joe Molloy. For further information on the RecorDIM Initiative. Historic preservation—Data processing—Case studies. the GCI focuses on the creation and delivery of knowledge that will beneﬁt the professionals and organizations responsible for the conservation of the world’s cultural heritage. CC135. Historic preservation—Documentation—Case studies. Rand. Historic sites—Conservation and restoration—Pictorial works. Amel. 3. 8. Suite 700 Los Angeles.html . The Institute serves the conservation community through scientiﬁc research.edu www. Chabbi. 9. collections. Mondo Typo Inc. Recording and information management for the conservation of heritage places : illustrated examples / Rand Eppich. and sites. p. 4. CA 90049-1684 United States Telephone 310 440-7325 Fax 310 440-7702 E-mail gciweb@getty. editor .getty. Records—Management— Case studies. II.Copyright © 2007 J. 10. 5. Cultural property—Protection—Pictorial works.) 1. architecture. Includes bibliographical references. In all its endeavors. and the dissemination of the results of both its own work and the work of others in the ﬁeld. Historic buildings—Conservation and restoration—Case studies. Paul Getty Trust Every effort has been made to contact the copyright holders of the material in this book and to obtain permission to publish. cm. Amel Chabbi.R397 2008 363. Historic sites--Conservation and restoration--Case studies.edu/ conservation/ﬁeld_projects/ recordim/index. Historic buildings— Conservation and restoration—Pictorial works. visit the Getty Web site at www. 2.getty. ISBN 978-0-89236-946-1 (pbk.
and Alice Hom Alonzo C. Addison 31 Mapping Features 37 A Record for Posterity 43 Condition Assessment: 45 Recording Streetscapes Working with Information 53 Condition Survey 59 Building Survey 65 Inspecting Sites Salim Elwazani and José Luis Lerma Rand Eppich. Cristián Arévalo Pakarati. Jones . Dusan Stulik.CONTE NTS vii Foreword ix Preface xi Acknowledgments 1 Introduction 3 Informing Conservation 5 Tools Overview Kate Clark Ross Dallas 11 Base Recording: Gathering Information 13 Rapid Assessment 19 Wall Deformation 25 Deﬁning Cultural Landscapes Anthony Crosby Sandeep Sikka Geofree Chikwanda Jo Anne Van Tilburg. and J aroslav Zastoupil Christian Ouimet Kevin L.
Fidler Marco Tallini Giorgio Croci Caterina Borelli Soon-Kwan Kim 135 Appendix A: Teaching Approaches Mario Santana Quintero 139 Appendix B: Contacts 143 Glossary 147 Bibliography 163 About the Editors . 71 Data Management: Analyzing Information 73 Structural Assessment 79 City Inventories 85 Ancestral Art 91 Planning Interventions 97 Virtual Solutions Gorun Arun Francesco Siravo Cliff Ogleby Frank Matero and Judy Peters José Luis Lerma and Carmen Pérez 103 Other Tools for 105 Overview of Diagnostic Indirect Investigation and Monitoring Tools for Conservation 109 Subsurface Conditions 115 Monitoring Movement 121 Traditional Techniques 127 Reading Interventions John A.
Among these priorities was the need for a publication that would provide practical hands-on approaches to assist conservation professionals in the design and implementation of documentation strategies. ﬁrst and foremost. and Information Management (RecorDIM) Initiative—identiﬁed a series of priorities that could beneﬁt the professional community responsible for conserving important heritage places. This volume contains a series of illustrated case studies that demonstrates the successful use of diverse approaches to recording and documentation in a variety of situations. technology. and the entire GCI project team. will serve as valuable tools for those who conserve and safeguard our cultural heritage. the approach to documentation is based. and run the gamut of documentation techniques from hand survey to laser scanning. Guiding Principles. This group— working together as the Recording. and complexity of a place. In each case. François LeBlanc. editor and senior project manager. good documentation ensures that knowledge of heritage places will be passed on to future generations. maintenance. Documentation is an essential element in building this understanding. Whalen Director The Getty Conservation Institute FOREWORD I L L U S T R AT E D E X A M P L E S vii . head of ﬁeld projects (2001–2007). and management of a site. It is our hope that this publication and its companion volume. For their work on this project. the Getty Conservation Institute (GCI) hosted a group of international experts to explore ways of strengthening the documentation component of built heritage conservation. I extend my thanks in particular to Rand Eppich. I am also grateful to all of the contributors. The examples cover a wide range of site typologies from individual buildings to cultural landscapes. on the conservation needs of the site and the context in which the work takes place. It is a critical component of the conservation planning process and provides a long-term foundation for the monitoring.Foreword C Conservation of cultural heritage requires a critical understanding of the signiﬁcance. Equally important. In 2002. Timothy P. Recording. and high-tech gadgets are secondary considerations. condition. tools. Documentation. Documentation. and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Illustrated Examples is the result. who generously gave of their time and shared their professional experience to help make this publication possible.
includes a list of heritage institutions and professional societies. Presenting information as succinctly as possible was our goal throughout the entire process of compiling this publication. structural conservation. We paired these issues with the tools or methods traditionally used to provide an answer. ix P R E FAC E I L L U S T R AT E D E X A M P L E S . then processed. tools. A second appendix. many of the decision makers are unaware. A variety of tools ranging in complexity are featured in this publication. First.Preface G Good conservation of our cultural heritage is based on informed decisions. appendix B. It is important to note that many of these projects use a number of tools. and landscape preservation. It is a nontechnical book. whereby information is ﬁrst gathered. geography. This has long been an issue in the ﬁeld of conservation. The information needed to make these decisions is. After the introduction. Our methodology was simple: conduct an extensive and rigorous literature review to select examples that represent best practices for heritage documentation and recording. The publication has been designed and written with the midcareer architect. then a presentation of the tool and its use. A fourth section covers nontraditional recording tools that have been found useful in addressing a conservation issue. Finally. highlights a wide variety of projects. conservator. it may be suitable for other stages as well. ﬁnal product. and summary are provided. Recording. however. we have chosen to limit our focus to the main tool or technique that assisted in reaching the conservation decision. in part. conservation planning. and each concise example can be read by these busy professionals within thirty minutes. architectural ﬁnishes. an answer statement. In recognizing that users of this book are interested in solving a pressing problem and are in need of a tool to assist them. and need to identify and select documentation tools. Appendix A proposes teaching strategies for using these examples to discuss conservation issues and tool selection. Documentation. and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Illustrated Examples. archaeological conservation. obtained through the use of documentation and recording tools. Although each tool or technique illustrates a speciﬁc step of the conservation process. the ﬁrst three sections are organized following the method of the conservation process. work in the ﬁeld. or unconvinced of their beneﬁts. This is followed by a description of the site and project. as well as a list of equipment manufacturers. The layout and numerous graphics were carefully considered to allow professionals to quickly draw parallels to their own projects. Knowledge of these tools and their use is readily available. or site manager in mind—those who make decisions. To address the knowledge gap. Several reasons for this include a misunderstanding of the tools and techniques or intimidation by the technology or language. we brainstormed conservation issues that recur in the ﬁelds of architectural conservation. this volume. each of the eighteen examples addresses the conservation issue ﬁrst. and techniques through case studies that demonstrate how conservation decisions were reached through the appropriate use of documentation. however. uninformed. and ﬁnally analyzed. This collection of examples balances technology. not the documentation tool. Our wish is that this collection of examples from around the world will serve as a beginning reference guide to the conservation community. and site signiﬁcance.
precision. and the team worked with the authors to edit their materials for publication. we created a rigorous evaluation system. Rand Eppich. In devising this systematic methodology to facilitate the collection and methodical review of sources. time. In addition to the ranking. Based on the results obtained. We hope that the Illustrated Examples will assist conservators in selecting the appropriate documentation tools for their projects. and availability? • Are the tools effective? • Is the writing style clear? selection. we believe we created an approach that can be applied to future editions of this publication. our team assessed and discussed the highest-ranking material before making the ﬁnal contributor x I L L U S T R AT E D E X A M P L E S P R E FAC E . journals. we sought to balance the techniques. and geographic distribution of published projects. and methodology. A selected bibliography from this work. and that it will serve as an introduction to new tools for the practicing professional. We considered sources brought to our attention by colleagues in the ﬁeld. To guide the selection of contributors for this publication.getty. is available in the Project Bibliographies section on the Getty Web site at www. audience. goals. We contacted each author and discussed our project. titled RecorDIM Initiative. as well as for those studying conservation. and reviewed recently published periodicals and books. who systematically reviewed and rated the material against the following criteria: • Is the conservation issue clearly stated? • What is the scope of the conservation issue? • Is there a correlation between the documentation phase and the conservation process? • Are the documentation tools appropriate to address the issue in terms of cost. technology.edu/asp/. and reports found by searching various conservationbased library catalogues and databases. conference proceedings. our team attended various conferences focusing on cultural heritage to learn ﬁrsthand of new material and receive references from practicing professionals. we obtained a list of potential contributors. In addition. From this matrix and our discussions. The collected source material was then distributed among team members. The authors wrote about their projects. emphasizing a speciﬁc conservation issue.We then compiled an extensive and comprehensive bibliography focusing on applied documentation in the ﬁeld of conservation. Associate Editor The ratings for each source were compiled into a matrix. We researched and collected more than eight hundred sources from books. if undertaken. detail. Editor Amel Chabbi.gcibibs.
Head. Field Projects Rand Eppich. Project Coordinator and Editorial Assistant Jong Hyun Lim. Bill Blake from English Heritage. and Claudia Cancino and the entire GCI staff. we thank Robin Letellier for his leadership and efforts in forming the RecorDIM Initiative and heralding the cause of bringing together conservation and recording professionals. for their direction and encouragement.Acknowledgments R Recording. François LeBlanc. We also would like to thank Werner Schmid. Documentation. Frank Matero. Mario Santana Quintero from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Illustrated Examples is the result of the efforts and enthusiasm of many individuals and institutions. Special thanks go to all of our contributors for their participation and collaboration. Jeffrey Levin. and Angela Escobar. We are deeply grateful to our colleagues from the International Committee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (CIPA). Kate Clark. Editor Amel Chabbi. Associate Editor Emile Askey and Rick Miller. for their patient sharing of editorial expertise. Graduate Intern AC KNOWLE DG M E NTS I L L U S T R AT E D E X A M P L E S xi . John Burns from the U. and Giora Solar. contributor to the companion publication. Guiding Principles. Graphic Design Rio Hibler-Kerr. We also are extremely thankful to the members of the editorial board for their valuable advice and continued guidance during the creation of this publication: Alejandro Alva. Gail Ostergren. and Peter Waldhäusl. National Park Service offered helpful sugges- tions that greatly improved this volume.S. Robin passed away during the editing process. for their insightful comments on both form and content. and Kathleen Gaines. Foremost. John Fidler. former CIPA president. but his legacy will continue through this publication. Jeanne Marie Teutonico. Sadly. We cannot forget our colleagues here at the Getty Conservation Institute: Tim Whalen. Cynthia Godlewski.
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