Providing total support Throughout the life of your projects

Training Guide BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN

Module 2 - General Presentation
January 2011

Providing total support Throughout the life of your projects

Responsible

Date

Signature

Authoring

PREM KUMAR P

17 Jan 2011

1 n 201 17 Ja

Approval

STEPHANE SELARD

17 Jan 2011

Revision
BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN

Date
17 Jan 2011

Content
Modified Template

Responsible
PREM KUMAR P

02_C

Providing total support throughout the life of your projects

2

1. Airbus presentation
1. Airbus presentation
Airbus story (1970-2000)
Launch of Launch of the A340 the A321 (295 seats) Launch of Launch of the A330 (180-200 seats) The A320 (265 seats) (130-170 seats) Launch of 1989 the A310 (218 seats) 1987

Launch of the A300 (266 seats)

Creation of GIE Airbus

1984 1978
Launch of the A318 (107 seats) Launch of the A380 (555 seats)

1970 1969
BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN

Launch of the A319 (120 seats)

Launch of the A330-200/300 (253-335 seats)

Launch of the A340-500/600 (313-380 seats)

2000 1999

1997 1995

1992
Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 3

1. Airbus presentation
The future aircraft A350

BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN

The A350 XWB (extra wide-body) will be available in three basic passenger versions, flying up to 350 passengers on a range of more than 15,750 km / 8,500 nm. The latest innovations in terms of advanced technologies will be incorporated in the airliner Family, including all-new, easy-to-maintain, and much lighter Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) panelled fuselage skins. Furthermore it is designed to confront the challenges of high fuel prices, rising passenger expectations, and environmental concerns in that market segment. The A350 XWB was given its industrial launch in December 2006 and its entry into service is planned for 2013.

Providing total support throughout the life of your projects

4

Airbus presentation Airbus organisation E.A.1.S BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN AIRBUS FRANCE AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND AIRBUS ESPAÑA AIRBUS UK Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 5 .D.

Military Program : A400M. Airbus A310 and A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN . A320. A310. A300-600 . A319. Airbus aircraft and fleet 2.2. Airbus aircraft and fleet 2.Transporter : A300-600ST (Beluga SATIC) .Executive and Private Aviation : essentially base on Single Aisle family named Airbus Corporate Jet (ACJ) Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 6 .Single Aisle (SA) : A318. A340 .Mega Body (MB) : A380 .Long Range (LR) : A330. A321 The other Airbus programs aircraft are : .Wide Body (WB) : A300.1 Airbus aircraft family The Airbus civil program aircraft is divided into 4 families : .

100 A318 5000 7000 9000 11000 13000 15000 16000 Range (km) 7 Providing total support throughout the life of your projects . Airbus aircraft and fleet Seats 600 Civil aircraft range and seat capacities A380 500 400 A340-600 A340-500 A330-300 A340-300 A340-200 300 A300 BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN A330-200 A310 200 A321 A320 A319 .2.

Airbus aircraft and fleet Family bodies comparison BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 8 .2.

e. . .STD3 = A319. .2.2 Standard (STD) The Aircraft standard is an industrial designation which corresponds to a standard basic configuration (i. Depending on the successive design improvements.STD2 = A321. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 9 .STD1 = A320.STD4 = A318. where 4 standards exists corresponding to the 4 aircrafts within this family : . A simple example is the one of SA family. an aircraft family might have from 1 to 13 standards. an initial design). Airbus aircraft and fleet 2.

so that there are now several hundreds of versions covering the entire Airbus fleet. a new version is created.3 Version The version is given by the Design Office. STD…). Airbus aircraft and fleet 2. For each new customer or new cabin configuration within an aircraft generic model. All aircrafts within a same generic model sold to the same operator are gathered in a single customized version.DLH03 for Deutsche Lufthansa AG version 03. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 10 .2. The version is used only to manage configuration within Airbus documentation. The version is a group of same aircrafts in terms of main technical specifications (engine.AFR06 for Air France version 06. This version defines for example the cabin configuration. . The version identifier is used only for in-service purpose. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Examples of version : .

BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN In order to help operator identify the aircrafts concerned by a maintenance task. Careful. Airbus aircraft and fleet 2.5 Fleet Serial Number (FSN) The Fleet Serial Number is proprietary of the Operator. and on the assembly line and after (during operation) for Airbus purposes. knowing that the fleet may be composed of several A/C families and even several A/C manufacturers. It is the serial number of the aircraft within the whole fleet of the operator.4 Manufacturer Serial Number (MSN) The Manufacturer Serial Number is the chronological serial number of an aircraft within a family.2. 2. this number has the same characteristics (4 numeric digits) than the MSN but the ordering is different. It is given to an aircraft at the production of the first part dedicated to this A/C (structure/system). the applicability in the AMM is expressed in FSN. It is used to track all parts of the aircraft during production to gather them for final assembly. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 11 .

This is an extract from an Aircraft table where you can find the MSN. . BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Airbus Aircraft n° 0609 STD3 = A319 Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 12 . flight hours…). version and several additional information refer to a specific customer (as its code.FSN : 0001-0049 = 737 aircraft.FSN : 0050-0099 = A320 aircraft. register. Airbus aircraft and fleet Examples : . It’s the best way to identify easily an Airbus aircraft in the fleet.FSN : 0301-0399 = A340 aircraft.2. STD. .

2.6 Synthesis Table It shows the current status for all Airbus departments in which Sonovision-Itep is involved.ppt – AGaborriaud) Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 13 . Airbus aircraft and fleet 2. Engineering Sales X X I I I Operator X x X Customer Support Tech Pub Maintenan ce Domain Operation al Domain Material Domain Repair Domain Wiring Domain X X X FAL Identifier Example BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Family MSN Aircraft Model Standard Weight Variant WV Group Version FSN Registration Long Range F0531 A330-211 STD7 WV052 Group 32E CAL02 0001 0531 F-WAAA Maintenance Engineering X I X X X X X X X X X* I X X X** I X x I x Airbus internal use only Other possible identifier X * Preferred identifier For structure items only ** For customized doc only (source : How_to_Identify_an_Airbus_Aircraft.

1.1 Domains The technical manuals are decomposed in domains. ASM (Aircraft Schematic Manual) and AWL (Aircraft List Manual) Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 14 .1 Technical manuals All the technical manuals are defined and published by the Airbus product support department regarding authorities specifications. 3.3. Technical manuals and maintenance engineering 3. Sonovision-Itep is involved with the following : Maintenance domain AMM Aircraft Maintenance Manual WDM * Wiring Diagram Manual TSM Trouble Shooting Manual Material domain CMM Component Maintenance Manual IPC Illustrated Parts Catalogue ARM NTM SRM Repair domain Aircraft Recovery Manual Non-destructive Testing Manual Structural Repair Manual BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN * WDM is subdivided into 3 manuals : AWM (Aircraft Wiring Manual). Airbus supplies these documentations to his customers to allow the aircraft exploitation. Technical manuals and maintenance engineering 3.

2 Categories There are 3 categories of technical manuals : . Technical manuals and maintenance engineering 3.3. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 15 .Mandatory : airworthiness authorities defines mandatory the delivery by the aircraft manufacturer or by equipment suppliers. check cost … . Document supplying is negotiated between aircraft manufacturer and customer.Optional : Any other. part of documents. .1.Recommended : these documents allow to reduce maintenance time.

Technical manuals and maintenance engineering Documentation WDM AMM TSM CMM SRM IPC BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 16 .3.

All these documents are applicable to all operators of the relevant aircraft. For the Maintenance Review Board (MRB). .1529 certification specifications impose the manufacturer to develop and keep up the Instruction for Continued Airworthiness (ICA).the Policy and Procedure Handbook (PPH) that has been used to develop the MRB Report. the manufacturer has to deliver a batch of scheduled maintenance documentation to ensure that the aircraft will be maintained in an airworthy condition.Maintenance Significant Item (MSI) analyses for Systems and Power Plant. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 17 .Zonal (ZL) analyses for Zones. . .2 Maintenance engineering EASA FAR 25. We can distinguish the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR) and the Airworthiness Limitation Section (ALS). Part of ICA is dedicated to scheduled maintenance : at Type Certification of a new model or a variant. the documentation is decomposed as following : .the MRB Report (MRBR). .Structure Significant Item (SSI) analyses for Structure.3. Technical manuals and maintenance engineering 3.the batch of MSG3 analyses : BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN .

The operators must use all the scheduled maintenance requirements listed in the MRB Report and the ALS to develop their own customized maintenance program that must be approved by their local Airworthiness Authorities. . Technical manuals and maintenance engineering For the Airworthiness Limitation Section (ALS). .ALS Part 6 : Aircraft Information System Security (AISS) for A380 only.ALS Part 5 : Fuel Airworthiness Limitation Items (FAL).3. the documentation is decomposed as following : .ALS Part 3 :Certification Maintenance Requirements (CMR). . To ease this task.ALS Part 1 : Safe Life Airworthiness Limitation Items (SL ALI). .ALS Part 2 : Damage Tolerant – Airworthiness Limitation Items (DT ALI).ALS Part 4 : Aging System Maintenance (ASM). Airbus compiles the ALS and the MRB requirements into the Maintenance Planning Document (MPD). BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 18 . .

good reliability. ATA 2100 define the rules for computed documentation.low cost. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 19 . ATA 100 is used for all the hard copy. .flight safety. . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown There are 3 objectives for Air Transport Association of America (ATA) : . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.4. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN A software is used to transform ATA 2100 computed documentation to ATA 100 hard copy documentation. The manual policies are managed by rules described in the standard ATA 100 and ATA 2100. ATA gives the different rules in order to harmonized the documentation of different aircraft suppliers for easy customer use.

Airframe Air Conditioning Auto Flight Communications Electrical Power Equipment/Furnishings Fire Protection Flight Controls Fuel Hydraulic Power Ice & Rain Protection Indicating/Recording Systems Landing Gear Lights 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 45 46 49 CHAPTER BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Navigation Oxygen Pneumatic Water/Waste Onboard Maintenance Systems (OMS) Information Systems Airborne Auxiliairy Power Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 20 .4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Breakdown arrangement and numbering system CONTENT AIRCRAFT GENERAL Time Limits/Maintenance Checks Dimensions & Areas Lifting and Shoring Leveling & Weighing Towing & Taxiing Parking & Mooring Placards & Markings Servicing 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 CHAPTER CONTENT AIRFRAME SYSTEMS Standard Practices .

4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Breakdown arrangement and numbering system (ctnd) CONTENT STRUCTURE Structures Doors Fuselage Nacelles/Pylons Stabilizers Windows Wings 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 CHAPTER CONTENT POWER PLANT Standard Practices .Engines Power Plant Engine Engine Fuel and Control Ignition Air Engine Controls Engine Indicating Exhaust Oil CHAPTER 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Starting Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 21 .

29-10-00) The sub-Subsystems (4 digits level) identifies the subsystems used inside a program. there is the ATA/AECMA Breakdown which is presently established and managed by Tech Data (i. in accordance to the ATA definition splitting and relevant contents (i.4. The 4th digit level is used to reflect the technical solutions chosen (i.e. 29-11-00). 29-00-00).1 Chapter breakdown policy ATA chapter format : XX-XX-XX The systems (2 digits level) are defined by the ATA (or AECMA) specification. 29-11-14). They are used to identify the main System areas (i.e.e. The subsystems (3 digits level) identifies the subsystems. in accordance to the ATA (or AECMA) definition.e. At the subject level (5th and 6th digit). BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 22 . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.

General system 29-10-00 Main Hydraulic Power subsystems 29-20-00 Auxiliary Hydraulic Power BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 23 .4. Each chapter system is broken down into subsystems. Example : 29-00-00 Hydraulic Power . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 1.

4. Each subsystem is broken down into sub-subsystems (installations/circuits). Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 2. Example : 29-10-00 Main Hydraulic Power subsystem sub-subsystems 29-11-00 Green Main Hydraulic Power 29-12-00 Blue Main Hydraulic Power 29-13-00 BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Yellow Main Hydraulic Power Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 24 .

Each sub-subsystem is broken down into subjects. Example : 29-11-00 Green Main Hydraulic Power | | |--.4.29-11-33 Priority Valve 1064GM BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN sub-subsystem subject subject subject subject Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 25 .29-11-32 Relief Valve 1063GM | | |--.29-11-15 PTU Manifold 1013GM | | |--.29-11-14 Main HP Manifold 1011GM | | |--. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 3.

Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Chapter breakdown example BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 26 .4.

Landing gear H .Flight instrumentation G .2.De-icing E . 4.Hydraulics Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 27 .Flight control systems D .1 System identification letters The letters A and B are reserved for special request by an airline for system references where the system is considered likely to be unique to that airline and not covered by the system letters shown in the table. C .Air conditioning J . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.4.Engine monitoring BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN F . electronic systems and circuit identification The marking of systems and circuits is in accordance with the following coding system.2 Electrical.

AC Generation BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 28 .Fictitious circuits W . navigation T .Lighting M .Fuel R .Wiring for negative and/or neutral polarity P .DC generation Q .Fire protection & warning system X . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown K .Radio (navigation & communications) S .Radar.Interior arrangement/Passenger service system N .Engine/APU control and starting L .Recording V .4.

Example : CA C : System Identification A : Circuit Identification BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 29 .2.2 Circuit identification The identification number of a circuit consists of 2 letters : the letter of the system followed by a letter identifying the circuit within a system. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.4.

2 = Second component in circuit CA.4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4. .1 = Suffix . . To this code are added prefixes and/or suffixes which provide the unique identification for individual items of equipment. The basic element of the FIN is a two letter code indicating to which system circuit the equipment belongs. Note : several identical components which perform the same function in the same circuit can be differentiated by the suffix number. For mechanical equipment the FIN is similar to the electrical FIN.3 Functional Item Number (FIN) The equipment on the A/C is identified by a unique identifier designated Functional Item Number (FIN). BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 30 .CA = Circuit two letter code.First of several similar systems (System 1). The general rule is that an even suffix is identifies a component on the right hand side and an odd suffix identifies a component on the left hand side. For electrical equipment (any component with an electrical connection) the FIN is of the form 2CA1 where : .

4 Zones identification The zones are divided and limited as follows: . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 31 . . .4.unit zones.major zones. They are identified by a three digit number.major sub-zones.

400 Nacelles .300 Stabilizers .500 Left wing . Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.200 Fuselage top section .700 Landing gear .100 Fuselage lower section .800 Doors BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 32 .4.4.1 Major zones Major zones are identified by hundred as follows : .600 Right wing .

Examples : .4.210 Cockpit area .4.2 Major sub-zones Major sub-zones are identified by the ten of the majors zones. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.130 Forward cargo area BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 33 .

3 Unit zones Unit Zones are identified by the number of the units of the major zones Example : .4.4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4.231 Forward passenger compartment area LH side BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 34 .

4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown 4. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 35 .4 Station and frame identification The fuselage stations are measured along the X datum. The frames and their stations are shown on the figure. The stations are given in millimeters.4. The fuselage is divided into various frames (FR). The FR1 is the first nose frame fuselage.

4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Example from AWM FIN ZONE BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN STATION Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 36 .

4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Example from AMM FIN BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 37 .

4. Aeronautic standards (ATA) breakdown Example from IPC ZONE FRAME BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN FIN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 38 .

5. Referenced documents To be updated with experience and QAP BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 39 . Referenced documents 5.

In aeronautics.1 Why Simplified Technical English ? English language is used in more than 60 countries and is the international language of the aerospace industry. However. English can vary from one country to the next and also within a same country (example : Scottish. inspect. . STE is since then developed regularly through international meetings of members to ease reading of technical documentation.people who manufacture. Simplified Technical English 6. the airlines have identified a need to homogenize the documentation. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN After a study on maintenance. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 40 . The result of this project is the Simplified Technical English Guide. Irish or the dialects…). information comes from different sources : . it is not the native language of most readers of aircraft documentation. Simplified Technical English 6.scientists or engineers who create the product. maintain or use the product. A study at the end of the 70s leads to a project between the Association of European Airlines (AEA) and the Association European of Aerospace Materials (AECMA).6.

INITIATE”. A family of synonyms has only one word.2 What is Simplified Technical English ? Simplified Technical English is a dictionary and a set of writing rules that defines the use of this manual. the American word prevails.6. metre US ~led : refueled / GB ~lled : refuelled Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 41 . Example : “OCCUR” is a word more “international” than “HAPPEN”. BEGIN. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN In case of American or English words. Example : US ~er : center. meter / GB ~re : centre. Simplified Technical English The STE guide is unique in the aeronautics industry: there is only one word for one idea or action. and is then chosen for this reason. it gives a precise definition of a word and provides writing rules for the use of this word. Example : “START” instead of “COMMENCE. Words are chosen because they are simple and their relations to other languages. 6.

Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 42 . BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN This guide is for Authors that have a good knowledge of written English. all the topics used in reference manuals or standards are not included in this guide (TDG…).3. Simplified Technical English Each word has a precise definition and its use must be in accordance with this definition. Therefore. The rules and the vocabulary will allow the Author to transmit complex information in a clear. The STE guide does not include abbreviations. It is not a book on English language or technical writing.6. 6. There is a lot of technical names and constructors use them with different designations.3 Writing rules 6. Other words are available : Technical Names. simple and homogeneous way.1 Purpose of the STE guide The guide provides rules and main characteristics of Simplified English.

Not STE : “Insufficient oil will cut the life of the equipment”. … page 1.. Bolt. Not STE : “.3. Use words that are technical names or verbs. STE : “If the temperature decreases below 0°C…”. STE : “Insufficient oil will decrease the life of the equipment”. STE : Upper-case. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 43 .a film of ice will be visible on the wing”.1. Example : AROUND (pre). degree.3 of the guide (20 categories). Simplified Technical English 6. airport. Words with the approved meaning. Example : arise (v).2 Words Approved in the dictionary (STE). not STE : Lower-case. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN STE : “…you can see a layer of ice on the wing”.6. Not STE : “If the temperature falls to less than 0°C…”..

6.3.6. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Use the active voice. STE : “Friction generates heat”. Simplified Technical English Use approved words only in the part of speech given. not a verb. Example : Test is a noun. Not STE : “Heat is generated by friction”. Use hyphens for noun clusters greater than 3 words. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 44 .3 Noun phrases Noun clusters : must be less than 3 words. STE : “Do the test of the system”. Not STE : “Test the system”.

STE : “Make sure that the circuit breakers are closed”. 6.3. Use paragraphs to separate steps (Rule 6. future tense.4). not instructions.3).4 Verbs Use the approved forms of the verbs : infinitive. no “ing” form. imperative.5 Descriptive writing Keep text as simple and readable as possible. Not STE : “Make sure that the circuit breakers have been closed”.3. past participle as an adjective. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Keep sentences as short as possible (25-word sentences maximum) (Rule 6.6. Present new and complex information slowly. Give information. simple past tense. simple present tense. Simplified Technical English 6. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 45 .

6 Warnings. Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 46 . cautions and notes Write notes to give information.6. 6. Be specific in a warning or command. Simplified Technical English 6.7 Punctuation and words counts Use colons (:) and dashes (-) to make tabular layouts. not commands. Start a warning or a caution with a simple and clear command.3.3. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Use a hyphen (-) as a joining signal.

.You must not use hearing-aids or battery-operated equipment which will cause sparks. Simplified Technical English Maximum words for a DS: 25 words (20 words for a PS) : . ENG/FADEC GND PWR/1.Make sure that the ON legends of the APU/MASTER SW. ENG/FADEC GND PWR/2 pushbuttons are on. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 47 . Do not use semi-colons (. .De-energize the aircraft electrical circuits supplied from the external power.6.).

. Simplified Technical English 6.4 Writing practices Use a check list : .6.English or STE.capital letters when necessary.punctuation. See specification ASD-STE100 Simplified Technical English.spelling.grammar. BN_TRD_PS2_02_02_C_EN Providing total support throughout the life of your projects 48 . . . .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful