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Chapter 3 PROBLEM
1. A line load of q per unit length is applied at the ground surface as shown in figure P1. Given: = 3000/ 2 and = 0 (a) Plot the variations of z , _x, and _xz against x= +20 ft to = 20 ft for z = 8 ft. (b) Plot the variation of z with z from z = 0 ft to z = 20 ft for = 0. (c) Plot the variation of z with z from z = 0 ft to z = 20 ft for = 5ft. 2. Refer to figure P1. Assume that = 45 / and = 90 . (a) If = 5, plot the variation of z , x , and xz against for the range = 10m. (b) Plot the variation of z with z for the range z = 0m to z = 10 m(for = 0). (c) Plot the variation of z with z for the range z = 0m to z = 10 m(for = 0) 3. Refer to figure P1. Given that = 3500 /, = 0 , v = 0.35, and z = 5ft, calculate the major, intermediate, and minor principal stresses at = 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 . 4. Refer to figure P1. Given that = 38/, = 90 , = 0.3, and = 1, calculate the major, intermediate, and minor principal stresses at = 0, 0.5, and 1.5. 5. A line load of 3500 / is applied at the ground surface as shown in figure 2. Determine the major principal stresses at the grid points and draw the stress contours. What is the shape of these stress contours?

Figure P2

6. Refer to figure P3. Given that 1 = 90 , 2 = 90 , a = 5 ft, a1 = 10ft, a2 = 10ft, b = 5ft, q1 = 2500 lb/ft and 2 = 3500/, plot the variation of along MN. 7. Refer to figure P3. Given that 1 = 30 , 2 = 45 , a = 2m , a1 = 3 m, a2 = 5 m, b = 2 m, q1 = 40 kN/m, and 2 = 30 /, plot the variation of along MN.

## Dept. of Civil Engg. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

Figure P3

8. Two lines loads are applied on an elastic soil layer (sand) underlain by a rigid rough base as shown in figure 4. Given data 1 = 55 /, 2 = 35 /, a = 3m , h = 5 m, a2 = 5 m, b = 2 m, and v = 0.2, find the vertical stress . 9. Refer to figure P4. Given data = 10, = 6 , = 10 , = 0.2, if the stresses at points M and N are 280/ 2 , respectively, determine the magnitude of the loads 1 2 /.

Figure P4

## Dept. of Civil Engg. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

10. Refer to figure 12b and equations (34) to (36). For a uniformly distributed vertical load q on an infinite strip on the surface of a semi-infinite elastic layer, derive the following relations for the point P: Maximum principal stress 1 = ( + sin ) Maximum shear stress = sin 11. For the infinite strip load shown in figure P5, given = 4 , = 105 /2 , and = 0.3, draw the variation of , , , 1 maximum principal stress , and (3) (minimum principal stress) with from = +8 = 8 at = 3. Minimum principal stress 2 = ( + sin )

Figure P5

12. (a) Determine the vertical stress due to the strip load shown in figure P6 at the grid points in terms of q. (b) plot the stress isobars for / = 0.9, 0.8, 0.7, 0.6, 0.5, 0.4, 0.3, 0.2, and 0.1.

## Dept. of Civil Engg. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

Figure P6

13. An embankment is shown in figure P7. Given that = 5 , = 5 , = 1.5, = 3, = 3 , = 4 , and = 18 /3 , determine the stresses at A, B, C, D, and E.

Figure P7

14. Redo Prob. 13 for = 10 , = 10 , = 2, = 10 , = 8 , = 8 , and = 110/ 3 15. Refer to figure 23. Given that = 0.5, = 192 /2 , = 3 , = 0, calculate the vertical stresses, , , and = 0, 0.75, 1.5, 2.25, 3, 4, 5, and 6 and plot the variations against z. 16. Refer to figure 23. Given that = 0.35, = 2800/ 2 , = 5 , = 2.5 , determine the principal stresses at = 2.5, 5, 10 . 17. Figure P8 shows the plan of a loaded area on the surface of a clay layer. The uniformly distributed vertical loads on the area are also shown. Determine the vertical stress increase at A and B due to the loaded area. A and B are located at a depth of 3 m below the ground surface.