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Customer Relationship Management entails all aspects of interaction a company has with its customer, whether it is sales or service related; it starts with the foundation of relationship marketing. CRM is a systematic approach towards using information and ongoing dialogue to built long losing mutually beneficial customer relationship. The use of CRM technology forms the crucial front-end of any e-business strategy, essentially CRM has emerged as convivial weapon in the hands of the industry laggards as well as leaders to cascade the business suites; the only touch point which is formulating this base is the awareness amongst the corporatists to suffice the customers already available to the companies to large extent. In todays first-paced competitive business environment its more important than ever to create and maintain long-losing business relationships. Today, Customer Relationship Management (CRM) manages business process spanning sales, support, and marketing creating effective customer interactions. Given the purpose of CRM, the functionality is straightforward, and the benefits of successful deployments clearly generate value and profitability for any company. Grate CRM solutions need to encourage users to interact with the application as well as be in-tune with the business and IT cost-saving needs. For the modern-day CRM to be world class it needs to be revolutionary in market incursion and evolutionary in technological up gradation. Today the major business focus is towards endowing value addition to the sales cycle, and customer retention rather than constructing a new customer base which is costlier and also an uncertain chase from business perspective. The basic philosophy behind CRM is that a companys relationship with the customer would be the biggest asset in the long-run.

It is now vital for CRM vendors to develop a sound understanding of their target organizations customer and deliver them with solutions which help in achieving long-term business relations with their customers. Vendors must also build long-term customer relationship management strategies with the end-user organizations to assure a series of

deployments, and hence ensuring a regular revenue stream for themselves as well as their customers. Evolution of CRM A Diagrammatic Representation Before implementing any Customer Relationship Management solution in the organization there are many questions which need a comprehensive explanation from the users point of view. o What is the added value preposition of the CRM to the organization? o What would be the environment under which the implementation done? o How would the synergies be reflecting in the processes of the company? These are mere stencils of the holistic scenario prevalent right now, and are to a great extent a factor which harms the opportunities of long-term survival for any CRM vendor.

Nokia's history starts in 1865 when mining engineer Fredrik Idestam established a ground wood pulp mill on the banks of the Tammerkoski rapids in the town of Tampere, in southwestern Finland, and started manufacturing paper. In 1868, Idestam built a second mill near the town of Nokia, fifteen kilometers (nine miles) west of Tampere by the Nokianvirtariver, which had better resources for hydropower production. In 1871, Idestam, with the help of his close friend statesman Leo Mechelin, renamed and transformed his firm into a share company, thereby founding the Nokia Company, the name it is still known by today. Toward the end of the 19th century, Mechelin's wishes to expand into the electricity business were at first thwarted by Idestam's opposition. However, Idestam's retirement from the management of the company in 1896 allowed Mechelin to become the company's chairman (from 1898 until 1914) and sell most shareholders on his plans, thus realizing his vision in 1902, Nokia added electricity generation to its business activities. The three companies, which had been jointly owned since 1922, were merged to form a new industrial conglomerate, Nokia Corporation in 1967 and paved the way for Nokia's future as a global corporation. The new company was involved in many industries, producing at one time or another paper products, car and bicycletires, footwear (including rubber boots), communications cables, televisions and other consumer electronics, personal computers, electricity generation machinery, robotics, capacitors, military communications and equipment (such as the SANLA M/90 device and the M61 gas mask for the Finnish Army), plastics, aluminium and chemicals. Each business unit had its own director who reported to the first Nokia Corporation President, BjrnWesterlund. As the president of the Finnish Cable Works, he had been responsible for setting up the companys first electronics department in 1960, sowing the seeds of Nokias future in telecommunications. Eventually, the company decided to leave consumer electronics behind in the 1990s and focused solely on the fastest growing segments in telecommunications. NokianTyres, manufacturer of tyres split from Nokia Corporation to form its own company in 1988 and two years later Nokia Footwear, manufacturer of rubber boots, was founded. During the rest of the 1990s, Nokia divested itself of all of its non-telecommunications businesses.

The seeds of the current incarnation of Nokia were planted with the founding of the electronics section of the cable division in 1960 and the production of its first electronic device in 1962: a pulse analyzer designed for use in nuclear power plants. In the 1967 fusion, that section was separated into its own division, and began manufacturing

telecommunications equipment. A key CEO and subsequent Chairman of the Board was vuorineuvosBjrn "Nalle" Westerlund (19122009), who founded the electronics department and let it run a loss for 15 years. In the 1970s, Nokia became more involved in the telecommunications industry by developing the Nokia DX 200, a digital switch for telephone exchanges. In the 1970s and 1980s, Nokia developed the Sanomalaitejrjestelm ("Message device system"), a digital, portable and encrypted text-based communications device for the Finnish Defence Forces. In the 1980s, during the era of its CEO Kari Kairamo, Nokia expanded into new fields, mostly by acquisitions. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the corporation ran into serious financial problems, a major reason being its heavy losses by the television manufacturing division and businesses that were just too diverse. These problems, and a suspected total burnout, probably contributed to Kairamo taking his own life in 1988. After Kairamo's death, SimoVuorilehto became Nokia's Chairman and CEO. In 19901993, Finland underwent severe economic depression, which also struck Nokia. Under Vuorilehto's management, Nokia was severely overhauled. The company responded by streamlining its telecommunications divisions, and by divesting itself of the television and PC divisions. Probably the most important strategic change in Nokia's history was made in 1992, however, when the new CEO JormaOllila made a crucial strategic decision to concentrate solely on telecommunications. Thus, during the rest of the 1990s, the rubber, cable and consumer electronics divisions were gradually sold as Nokia continued to divest itself of all of its non-telecommunications businesses. For a while in the 1994s, Nokia's network equipment production was separated into Telefenno, a company jointly owned by the parent corporation and by a company owned by the Finnish state. In 1987, the state sold its shares to Nokia and in 1992 the name was changed to Nokia Telecommunications.

As late as 1991, more than a quarter of Nokia's turnover still came from sales in Finland. However, after the strategic change of 1992, Nokia saw a huge increase in sales to North America, South America and Asia. The exploding worldwide popularity of mobile telephones, beyond even Nokia's most optimistic predictions, caused a logistics crisis in the mid-1990s. This prompted Nokia to overhaul its entire logistics operation. By 1998, Nokias focus on telecommunications and its early investment in GSM technologies had made the company the world's largest mobile phone manufacturer. Between 1996 and 2001, Nokias turnover increased almost fivefold from 6.5 billion euros to 31 billion euros. Logistics continues to be one of Nokia's major advantages over its rivals, along with greater economies of scale. LOGOS Past

Nokia Company logo. Founded in Tampere in 1865, incorporated in Nokia in 1871.

The brand logo of Finnish Rubber Works, founded in Helsinki in 1898. Logo from 1965 1966.

The Nokia Corporation "arrows" logo, used before the "Connecting People" logo.

Nokia introduced its "Connecting People"advertising slogan, coined by OveStrandberg and used since 1992.


Nokia's current logo used since 2006, with the redesigned "Connecting People" slogan.

Nokia Siemens Networks logo. Founded in 2007.

Navteq logo. Founded in 1985, acquired by Nokia in 2007.