American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers

2012 Q&A and
Technology Forum
Conference Daily Published by HYDROCARBON PROCESSING
®
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DAY ONE Sunday/Monday | September 30/October 1, 2012
Welcome to Salt Lake
City and the 2012 AFPM
Q&A and Technology
Forum. We’re happy to
be here with you this year
as the American Fuel &
Petrochemical Manufac-
turers. Since this group
last met, our name has
changed to one that better
describes who we are and
what we do. As Ameri-
can manufacturers of fuel and petrochemicals, we’re
fully invested in doing everything we can to help our
country continue down the road to economic recov-
ery through increased employment, and by helping
to strengthen our national security by ensuring that
the fuels and petrochemical feedstocks Americans
rely on continue to be manufactured in the US.
The Q&A and Technology Forum meets each
year to address the problems and challenges that
refners and petrochemical manufacturers tackle
each day. By coming together and discussing the
issues we face, sharing best practices, and hearing
from other experts in the feld, we work together to
solve our problems and grow our businesses. Un-
fortunately, a large looming problem exists that this
group cannot immediately solve, but AFPM contin-
ues to work diligently to overcome. It is the current
administration’s regulatory onslaught, which seems
intent on putting our industry out of business.
The policies of the Obama administration are
inundating domestic refners with costly and of-
ten conficting regulations that threaten our com-
petitiveness and offer little to no environmental
benefts. The president’s automobile mandate, dis-
ingenuously advanced under the guise of “CAFE
standards,” and the federal biofuels mandate will
together lead to a signifcant decline in demand for
gasoline, equivalent to 18 refnery closures.
The impact of the regulations will not only be felt
by our industry. Consumers also stand to pay dearly.
New gasoline regulations will raise costs and could
threaten additional refnery closures. Studies show
the new “Tier 3” regulations could lead to a six- to
25-cent-per-gallon increase in consumer fuel costs
and up to seven refnery closures, depending on
how stringent the Environmental Protection Agen-
cy (EPA) decides to make the standards.
Additionally, EPA is moving forward with regulat-
ing greenhouse gases (GHG) under the Clean Air Act,
despite the fact that EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson
has indicated that they will do nothing to reduce
global GHG emissions. These requirements confict
with many other existing regulations, which would
Overcoming a regulatory onslaught
CHARLES T. DREVNA, President, American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers
 See WELCOME, page 8
The outlook for US refning mar-
gins is particularly bearish beyond
2013. Strong demand from export mar-
kets and discounted crude prices in the
Midwest will keep US refning mar-
gins supported initially. Beyond mid-
2013 though, a substantial expansion
in clean fuel production will add to
the US exportable surplus and thus put
some downward pressure on margins.
So far in 2012, despite relatively
weak US product market fundamen-
tals, US refning margins have been
strong, buoyed by refnery outages
and growing export markets. With US
product markets expected to weaken
further as production capacity rises,
the health of US refning margins will
be similarly dependent on the growth
(or lack thereof) in export markets
during the next fve years.
US petroleum demand growth. Global
petroleum product demand is expect-
ed to average roughly 1.1 million bpd
annually through 2016. Most of that
growth will continue to come from
developing regions such as Asia, the
Middle East, Latin America and Af-
rica. OECD product demand growth
will recover a bit, but slow fnished
product demand growth will hide even
weaker petroleum-based gasoline and
diesel growth, undermined by alter-
native fuels. In the US, gasoline de-
mand will rise by less than 100,000
bpd through 2016. With ethanol use
expected to rise as well, demand for
petroleum based gasoline will grow
even more slowly. Diesel growth will
be much more robust growing at more
than 300,000 bpd during the same fve
years. However, declining demand
for other products will keep total US
petroleum product demand growth to
just 250,000 bpd by 2016.
Meanwhile, US refning invest-
ment in clean fuels production will
rise signifcantly, particularly in 2013.
Overall, US refnery upgrades will add
substantial volumes to diesel, jet and
gasoline output in the next fve years.
Table 1 lists the largest refnery proj-
ects that will boost clean fuels produc-
tion and all of them are expected to be
online by end 2013. With the US al-
ready running larger surpluses in gaso-
line, jet and diesel in 2011 and 2012
Product export markets will weigh
on Gulf Coast refining after 2013
CHRIS BARBER, ESAI Energy LLC
 See REFINING, page 9
FIG 1. Global refining capacity vs. demand, 1996–2016.
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Refining capacity
Demand
Demand as % of capacity (with alt fuels)
Demand as % of capacity (w/o alt fuels)
Refining capacity utilization
taking into account alternative
fuel penetration into petroleum
markets
Refining capacity utilization
ignoring alternative fuel
penetration into petroleum
markets
Forecast
Source: ESAI
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2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 3
SUNDAY
4–7 p.m. Registration/Badge Pick up
MONDAY
7 a.m.–6:30 p.m. Registration
8–8:55 a.m. General Session
Presentation of the Lifetime Service Awards
Keynote Address
9–10 a.m. Plant Automation: Keynote Address
9 a.m.–12 p.m. Principles & Practices: Plant Services
Q&A: Hydroprocessing
Panelists: Christopher Bodolus, Coffeyville Resources LLC,
Sugar Land, TX; Kevin Carlson, Criterion Catalysts &
Technologies, Houston, TX; James Esteban, Suncor Energy, Inc.,
Commerce City, CO; Bob Henderson, Hunt Refining Company,
Tuscaloosa, AL; Steve Leichty, Chevron USA, Inc., Boulder, CO;
Robert Ohmes, KBC Advanced Technologies, Inc., Houston, TX
10–10:15 a.m. Coffee Break
10:15 a.m.–12 p.m. Plant Automation: The Transformation of Today’s
Plant Automation
• Boundary Control of Operating Envelopes Increases
Process Profitability, Robin Brooks
• Recent Advances in Use of Emerging Technologies for Plant
Automation and Optimization in Chevron: Implementation
Experience, Success Stories, Lessons Learned, and Future
Plans, Paul Singh, Chevron
• Strategic Oil Movement Control & Infrastructure Upgrades,
David Seiver, Valero
12–2 p.m. Lunch in Exhibit Hall
2–3:30 p.m. Plant Automation: The Transformation of Today’s
Plant Automation
• Remote Asset Monitoring & Diagnostics: An Expert Always
On-Line, Nikki Bishop, Emerson
• Successfully Utilizing Procedural Automation—Lessons Learned
from Other Industries & The Business Case for Procedural
Automation and Work Process Automation, Marty Moran,
AspenTech
• Using Detailed Whole Refinery Models for Setting Operational
Strategies, Robert Powell, KBC & Alex Velikoff, Marathon
Petroleum Company
2–5:15 p.m. Principles & Practices: Hydroprocessing
Q&A: Gasoline Processes
Panelists: Geoff Dubin, Axens North America, Princeton, NJ;
Ross McDaniel, MPEC, Inc., Houston, TX; Paul Pizzini, Phillips 66,
Roxana, IL; Chris Steves, Norton Engineering Consultants, Inc.,
Boonton, NJ
3:30–3:45 p.m. Refreshment break
3:45–5:15 p.m. Plant Automation: IT and Industrial Control
Systems (ICS) Security
• Eric Cornelius, DHS/Idaho National Labs
• DuQu, Stuxnet, APT and Other Failures of ICS Security,
Andrew Gintner, Waterfall Security
5:15–6:30 p.m. Reception in Exhibit Hall
SCHEDULE OF SESSIONS
AND SPECIAL EVENTS
Publisher
Bret Ronk
AFPM Contacts
Diana Cronan
Sandra Garcia
Editor
Billy Thinnes
Billy.Thinnes@GulfPub.com
Production Manager
Angela Bathe
Contributing Editors
Adrienne Blume
Ben DuBose
Stephany Romanow
Hydrocarbon Processing
2 Greenway Plaza, Suite 1020
Houston, TX 77252-77046
713-529-4301
Advertisers:
AFPM .................................................. 19
Alfa Laval .............................................. 8
ART ...................................................... 1
BASF .................................................. 20
Cameron ............................................. 13
Champion Technologies ...................... 11
Criterion Catalysts and Technologies ... 10
Foster Wheeler ...................................... 5
Grace Catalysts Technologies ................ 1
Haldør Topsoe ....................................... 9
Johnson Matthey .................................. 2
Nalco .................................................. 17
Saudi Aramco ..................................... 16
Selas Fluid .......................................... 15
UOP ...................................................... 7
URS .................................................... 12
www.HydrocarbonProcessing.com
Published by Hydrocarbon Processing
as three daily editions, September 30/
October 1, October 2 and as an
electronic edition on October 3. If you
wish to advertise in this newspaper,
or to submit a press release, please
contact the editor via email at
Billy.Thinnes@GulfPub.com.
2012 Q&A AND
TECHNOLOGY FORUM
GUNVOR HAS SIGNED A PURCHASE AGREEMENT TO ACQUIRE PETROPLUS’
refnery in Ingolstadt, Germany, and related marketing activities. Gunvor said
it intends to restart operations as soon as possible. That follows the refnery’s
closure in early February as a result of Petroplus’ ongoing fnancial woes. The
company said the Ingolstadt refnery has a “strong regional footprint” in Ger-
many’s prosperous Bavaria region. It has a processing capacity of approximate-
ly 100,000 bpd. Gunvor said it is committed to operating the refnery on a long-
term basis, and the more than 400 existing employees will be retained. Earlier
this year, Gunvor also acquired the Petroplus refnery in Antwerp, Belgium.
HONEYWELL’S UOP HAS BEEN SELECTED BY HALDOR TOPSØE TO PROVIDE
technology to purify hydrogen from a steam reforming unit to be installed at
the Antipinsky refnery in Tyumen, Russia. The UOP pressure swing adsorp-
tion system will recover and purify hydrogen to help the refnery meet increas-
ing demand for clean transportation fuels, such as diesel and gasoline, the
companies said. The new hydrogen unit, which is scheduled to startup in 2013,
is part of the refnery’s plan to increase its capacity for crude oil processing
by as much as 7 MM tpy. It will also enable the production of fuel products
that meet the European Union’s Euro-5 emissions standards aimed at reducing
emissions from light-duty vehicles.
EXXONMOBIL SAID THAT IT WILL EXPAND THE SIZE OF ITS CAMPUS UN-
DER construction in Houston to accommodate additional employees from the
immediate area and from company locations in Fairfax, Virginia, and Akron,
Ohio. The affected units include ExxonMobil Refning and Supply in Fairfax,
which had played host to the business unit for some time. Mobil was based in
Fairfax prior to its 1999 merger with Exxon. Other companies involved are
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering; ExxonMobil Fuels, Lubricants and
Specialties Marketing; the Akron-based employees of ExxonMobil Chemical;
and select positions from ExxonMobil Research and Engineering and Exxon-
Mobil Chemical now located at the Baytown, Texas, refnery complex. The
new campus is located on a 385-acre wooded site on company-owned land
north of Houston. It will accommodate approximately 10,000 employees. Con-
struction began in 2011, and full occupancy for employees is expected by 2015.
SHELL HAS CONFIRMED THAT REFINING OPERATIONS AT ITS 79,000-BPD
Clyde refnery in Australia ceased on September 30. This follows an an-
nouncement in July 2011 that the refnery would be converted into a dedi-
cated fuel terminal. According to Shell Australia Downstream Vice President
Andrew Smith, “The initial decision to close and convert Clyde, taken in July
last year, was consistent with Shell’s strategy to focus its refning portfolio
on larger assets and to build a proftable downstream business here in Aus-
tralia. Since the decision was taken, the refnery has continued to struggle
against sustained poor industry margins and intense competition from mega-
refneries in Asia.”
A CEREMONY WAS RECENTLY HELD AT THE MOTIVA REFINERY IN PORT
Arthur, Texas, to celebrate the completion of a fve-year expansion project that
more than doubled crude processing capacity to 600,000 bpd, making the Mo-
tiva refnery the largest in the US. With more than 14,000 employees working
on the project at peak construction and more than 300 new permanent jobs, the
expansion bolstered Motiva’s position as an employer and as a leading revenue
source for the city, county and local public schools, the company said. The
regional economic impact of the project has been estimated in excess of $17
billion. The expanded refnery can process a wide variety of crude oils, rang-
ing from relatively light to heavy. It also has the fexibility to switch between
producing primarily gasoline and diesel to adapt to varying market conditions.
BRENNTAG HAS ACQUIRED PETROLUBE, THE EXCLUSIVE DISTRIBUTOR OF
Infneum specialty fuel and oil additives based in Milan, Italy. For fnancial
year 2012, the Italian company expects an EBITDA of about €800,000. The
acquisition follows Brenntag’s November 2011 purchase of Multisol Group,
a specialist in the distribution of lubricant additives and base oils in Europe
and Africa. •
NEWS IN BRIEF
4 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
Clifford Avery, Albemarle
Kevin Basham, Marathon Petroleum Corp. is the tech-
nical services department manager for Marathon Petro-
leum at the Catlettsburg, Kentucky, refinery where is he
responsible for the refinery optimization, process design
engineering, and process control groups. He has 20 years
of experience which includes process design engineer-
ing, lubes production, and crude unit revamps at the
Catlettsburg refinery as well as operations supervision of
delayed coking and fuels hydrotreating units at the Garyville, Louisiana,
refinery. Kevin holds a BSChE degree from Virginia Tech and is a registered
professional engineer in Kentucky.
Christopher Bodolus, Coffeyville Resources LLC is the
hydroprocessing manager for CVR Energy in Sugar Land,
Texas. He is responsible for technical performance of
hydrogen production and consumption processes at CVR’s
Coffeyville, Kansas, and Wynnewood, Oklahoma, refiner-
ies. He has process engineering experience in refining and
chemical manufacturing at many locations in the US,
Canada and the UK. Christopher holds a BSChE degree
from the University of Delaware and has over 30 years experience and eight
patents in the hydrocarbon processing industry.
Halle Brooks, BP is a process engineer and the FCC
continuous improvement forum performance leader in the
engineering department of BP Refining and Logistics
Technology. Her current responsibilities include providing
direct support to all of BP’s FCC assets with respect to
catalyst and additive evaluation as well as technical and
operational support to our FCC units. She is also respon-
sible for the day to day operation of the continuous
improvement forum including our internal question and response system.
She has experience as a refinery asset engineer at BP’s Toledo refinery
where she covered a number of units including FCC, alkylation, reformer,
and the hydrocracker. Halle has both a BSChE degree and an MSChE degree
from Purdue University and the University of Michigan, respectively. She is
a licensed professional engineer in Illinois.
Kevin Carlson, Criterion Catalysts & Technologies is
business development manager with over 23 years of
experience in the downstream refining industry. He has
been with Criterion for the past 11 years in a number of
roles, including global business manager for FCCPT appli-
cation, technical lead for the clean fuels projects and a
technical specialist for hydroprocessing, and residue
upgrading. Kevin began his career as a process engineer
with Husky Oil where he was involved with the design and operations of a
heavy oil upgrading complex. Kevin has a BSChE degree from the Univer-
sity of Saskatchewan.
Steve Clifford, Motiva Enterprises LLC is an operations
support engineer for the Motiva Enterprises Convent refin-
ery. His responsibilities include support for two crude
distillation units and a light naphtha isomerization unit as
well as supporting the refinery crude selection team and
margin improvement efforts. He has spent eight years at
Convent. His other roles have included the logistics and
utilities areas and process engineering support for proj-
ects. Steve holds a BSChe degree from Carnegie Mellon University
Mike Dion, GE Water & Process Technologies is a phase separation senior
product applications specialist for GE Water & Process Technologies. His
responsibilities include technical support and marketing of the refining sepa-
ration product line. Mike has seven years of oilfield experience and 21 years
of refining experience. He is co-author of two patents and numerous articles.
Geoff Dubin, Axens North America is a senior technology
engineer for Axens North America in Princeton, New Jersey.
In his current position, he is responsible for licensing and
technical assistance covering a number of technologies
feeding the refinery gasoline pool including FCC gasoline
desulfurization, catalytic reforming, isomerization, selective
hydrogenation, and benzene saturation. Mr. Dubin has over
of 10 years of experience in the refining and petrochemical
industry including process design, R&D, licensing and technical assistance.
Geoff holds a BSChE degree from the University of Delaware.
James Esteban, Suncor Energy. is a capital projects
process engineer at the Suncor Energy Commerce City
refinery in Commerce City, Colorado. His role includes
capital project development and oversight as well as tech-
nical support to the refinery’s operating and turnaround
groups. He is a member of the Suncor Technical Excel-
lence Network for hydroprocezssing as well as a volunteer
officer for the refinery’s Emergency Response Team.
James holds a BS degree in chemical and petroleum refining engineering
from the Colorado School of Mines and has served in the industry at the
Suncor refinery for nine years.
Mark Koontz, HollyFrontier is a lead process design
engineer for HollyFrontier at its El Dorado, Kansas, refin-
ery. He is responsible for front end development and pro-
cess design for large capital projects in El Dorado. He has
over 12 years of experience at refineries and chemical
plants in Texas, Louisiana and Kansas. Mark holds a
BSChE degree from Kansas State University and is a
licensed professional engineer in the state of Kansas.
Jag Lall, UOP LLC is a member of UOP’s FCC/alkylation/treating technology
services group based in a regional office in the UK. He joined UOP in 2004.
Jag has over 15 years of international experience with design, operational
and troubleshooting of FCC units including positions held at KBR and ESSO
Petroleum. In his current position, Jag has responsibility for providing trou-
bleshooting and unit optimization, start-up support for new and revamped
FCC units, and turnaround support for the EMEA region. He started his career
as a process engineer at M.W. Kellogg Ltd (KBR) in 1989. He later joined
ESSO Fawley where he was the senior staff engineer on the FCCU.
Howard Lee, BP is the discipline leader for separations
and works for BP Products North America in Naperville,
Illinois. He supervises a group of personnel responsible for
the operational, optimization and engineering support of
BP Refining’s worldwide CDU-VDU and separations unit
assets. He has experience in refineries for both BP and
some third parties on a worldwide basis. Howard holds
a BSChE degree from Illinois Institute of Technology, and
has 35 years of experience in the petroleum refining industry.
Steve Leichty, Chevron USA, Inc. is a senior staff engi-
neer for Chevron in strategy, technology and commercial
integration. He is responsible for global technical support
in hydroprocessing process monitoring and also works in
the field of gross margin improvement, early concept
project development and project technical reviews. He has
experience at wholly owned and joint venture refineries in
North America, Africa and Asia Pacific. Steve holds a
BSChE degree from the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona and
has 22 years of refining experience at Chevron in process engineering, plan-
ning, operations and management.
2012 AFPM Q&A AND TECHNOLOGY FORUM PANELIST BIOS
2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 5
Joe Muehlbauer, Valero Refining is an operations complex manager at
Valero’s Benicia, California, refinery. He is currently responsible for FCC,
fluid coker, and waste water treatment operations, and in his previous role
as process engineering manager was responsible for technical support
throughout the refinery. He has experience in multiple refineries within
California and off-shore natural gas platforms in Mobile Bay, Alabama. Joe
holds a BSChE degree from the University of Arizona and an MBA degree
from the University of California, Berkeley. He has 10 years of experience
in the hydrocarbon processing industry.
Robert Ohmes, KBC Advanced Technologies is a prin-
cipal consultant for the company in Houston, Texas. His
primary responsibilities are centered on profit improve-
ment initiatives, hydroprocessing unit consulting and
organizational consulting for domestic and international
clients. Prior to joining KBC, he worked as a refinery
engineer for Koch Refining in Corpus Christi, Texas.
Robert holds degrees from Kansas State University
(BSChE) and Tulane University (MBA) and is a licensed professional engi-
neer in Louisiana.
Sergio Pimentel, CITGO Petroleum has over 21 years
of experience in refining and petrochemical plants in
technical service, operations and projects both in Ven-
ezuela and the US. He presently works in process engi-
neering as an area supervisor for process engineers
providing technical support to several FCC units and
hydrotreating units. He has over 13 years of technical
service experience and project experience in revamps
of FCC units of different technology vendors including catalyst evaluations.
He has worked as a strategic planning engineer for developing ULSD and
other projects. He has several years of experience as an environmental
engineer in refineries meeting air regulations and overseeing routine
reporting to environmental agencies.
Paul Pizzini, Phillips 66 is a lead process engineer at the company’s Wood
River refinery in Illinois. His areas of responsibility includes straight run
naphtha hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, distillate hydrotreating, coker
naphtha hydroteating, and cracked naphtha treating including Szorb and
ISAL units. His reforming experience includes both cyclic and semi-regen
units. Paul has also been involved with the design and startup of two new
hydrogen plants, the addition of a reformate splitter and the expansion of
an aromatics extraction unit. Paul has a BSChE degree from the University
of Notre Dame and 29 years of experience in refining.
Christian Schoepe, Phillips 66 is a senior process engineer for the com-
pany with 22 years of refining experience, primarily in FCC technology.
Before joining Phillips 66, Christian worked 17 years at UOP as a FCC
consultant, FCC design engineer and FCC technical service engineer. He is
currently working as a process engineer on a Kellogg Orthoflow FCC unit at
the Phillips 66 refinery in Ferndale, Washington. Christian holds a BSChE
degree from the University of Wisconsin.
Al Shelton, KBC Advanced Technologies
Chris Steves, Norton Engineering Consultants is a
principal engineer with the company in Swedesboro,
New Jersey. He is responsible for providing process
engineering support for Norton’s clients throughout the
world, including conceptual process design, process and
technology development, operations and equipment
assessment, troubleshooting and optimization. He has
experience in process engineering, economics and plan-
ning and operations at refineries throughout North America and the Carib-
bean. Chris holds a BSChE degree from the University of Delaware and has
over 24 years of experience in the refining industry.
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Don Tran, Houston Refining LP is a principal engineer for
the LyondellBasell, Process Design and Technology Group
at Houston Refining. He is responsible for the delayed cok-
ing technology including lead process engineer capital
project support, technical mentorship of unit process engi-
neers and operators, process hazards risk assessments and
general refinery technical support. He has held engineering
positions as a unit process engineer at the Houston Refin-
ery’s reforming, hydrotreating, and delayed coking units and for the ExxonMo-
bil Research and Engineering, Process Division, as a delayed coking technology
specialist. He has also worked in operations management as the second line
operations supervisor at the Houston Refinery’s sulfur recovery complex. Don
holds a BSChE degree from Texas A&M University and has over 12 years of
refinery experiences including five years in the delayed coking technology.
Jesse Williams, KBR is a senior technical advisor for Kel-
logg, Brown and Root specializeing in fluid catalytic crack-
ing technology in Houston, Texas. He is responsible for FCC
technical service and FCC process design for both grass-
roots and revamped processing facilities for the company’s
global refinery clients. He has experience with global refin-
eries in North America, Central America, Europe and Africa.
Jesse holds a global energy executive MBA degree and a
BSChE degree from the University of South Alabama. He has over 16 years of
experience in the petroleum industry.
Each year, the Q&A and Technology Forum features four Q&A sessions
that allow engineers to discuss issues related to the production
of fuel products. This year, the Hydroprocessing and Gasoline
Processes Q&As will take place on Monday, while the Crude/Vacuum
Distillation and Coking and FCC panels are slated for Tuesday.
6 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
545DX: Higher performance with
a new NiMo catalyst for ULSD
BRIAN WATKINS, Advanced Refining Technologies
Advanced Refning Technologies
(ART) continues to expand its line of
ultra high activity DX Catalyst Se-
ries in response to refner’s demands
for superior technology that delivers
premium performance. This family of
catalysts has exceeded expectations
with its performance in demanding
ULSD applications and the expan-
sion of this line with 545DX will
provide additional opportunities for
refners wanting additional capacity
and increased yields without sacrifc-
ing cycle life. The ability to process
diffcult feed blends is one of the key
advantages observed with this cata-
lyst family. 420DX and NDXi have
both demonstrated the benefts of this
technology in ULSD units around the
world both as stand-alone catalysts
and as part of a SmART staged cata-
lyst system.
545DX builds on this great success
as shown in Fig. 1, which compares the
activity of several generations of ART
NiMo catalysts. The fgure shows that
545DX offers signifcant improvement
in both HDS and HDN activity over
NDXi. The feedstock used in this work
contained 1.26 wt% sulfur and 130
wppm nitrogen. 545DX has provided
over a 25°F (14°C) advantage for HDS
compared to NDXi as well as a 20°F
(11°C) improvement in HDN activity.
Researchers at ART have been able
to create a novel alumina support that
was identifed as a key property for
improved catalytic performance. It is
understood that there is a strong rela-
tionship between the role of increased
surface acidity coupled with a tailored
pore size distribution for improv-
ing the kinetic ability of the catalyst
for reactions controlled through ring
saturation, such as nitrogen and hard
sulfur removal. This catalyst utilizes
similar impregnation technology as
NDXi using a chelate to bind to the
nickel ions in the impregnation solu-
tion and reduce interactions with the
alumina support. With some modif-
cations to the manufacturing process,
ART has been able to enhance this
interaction allowing the chelate/ion
complex to stay intact on the catalyst
surface and promote the formation of
signifcantly more Type II active sites.
In a concentrated effort to under-
stand the improved activity of 545DX,
ART has completed pilot plant test-
ing over a wide variety of conditions
and feedstocks, which clearly dem-
onstrates the performance advantage
available to refners. Fig. 2 shows
the results of side-by-side testing of
NDXi and 545DX at 775 psi hydro-
gen partial pressure and 2,200 SCFB
H
2
/Oil ratio. At these conditions,
545DX clearly outperforms NDXi by
over 20°F (11°C) at 10 ppm sulfur on
a diffcult feed containing 30% light
cycle oil (LCO).
Additional benefts of 545DX are the
improved HDN activity and increased
aromatic saturation capabilities. This
offers the fexibility for refners to meet
their HDS activity requirement while
gaining additional volume swell. Fig.
3 compares the additional API upgrade
with 545DX relative to NDXi over a
range of operating temperatures. As
the chart shows, 545DX can provide
upwards of one full number higher
API upgrade when producing ULSD
as compared to NDXi.
The need for refners with lower
pressure applications to be able to gain
additional activity can present a ki-
netic challenge and is often addressed
by utilizing predominantly CoMo type
catalysts. The ability of NiMo catalyst
to handle lower hydrogen pressure sit-
uations can be benefcial and can allow
these refners to increase throughput as
well as see gains in cycle life. Fig. 4
compares NDXi with 545DX at 580
psi hydrogen partial pressure over a
range of LHSV, and it can be seen that
even as the process conditions become
more severe, 545DX maintains its ac-
tivity advantage over NDXi for ULSD.
The additional HDS activity com-
bined with improved nitrogen re-
moval and aromatic saturation allows
refners to utilize 545DX as a stand-
alone catalyst for maximum upgrade
in refnery markets demanding in-
creased yields. 545DX can also be
coupled with ART’s premium CoMo
catalyst 420DX, in a SmART Cata-
lyst System, which is ideal for hy-
drotreaters that need to operate with
controlled or minimized hydrogen
consumption. These units are able
to beneft from a lower start of run
temperature as well as being able to
gain some additional yield improve-
ments that are not often gained in a
hydrotreater system of 100% CoMo.
Extensive pilot testing and expertise
enable ART to provide the right catalyst
system tailored for maximum refnery
proft. 545DX will enable refners to
enhance their ULSD operation with
either increased cycle length or addi-
tional use of opportunity feedstocks in
order to maximize margin. The ability
of 545DX to perform in different con-
fgurations provides a high level of ver-
satility and makes it a top tier catalyst
capable of exceeding refners needs in
demanding ULSD applications. •
FIG 1. Advanced Refining Technologies
Line of high performance NiMo catalysts.
545DX
NDXi
AT580
560
580
600
620
640
660
680
HDS
HDN
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e
,
°
F
FIG 2. Comparison of NDXi and 545DX
at high pressure.
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
HDS HDN
W
A
B
T
,

°
F

(
1
0

w
p
p
p
m

s
u
l
f
u
r
a
n
d

1

w
p
p
m

n
i
t
r
o
g
e
n
)
NDXi
545DX
FIG 3. Comparison of NDXi and 545DX
diesel upgrade.
293
304
315
326
337
349
360
371
560
580
600
620
640
660
680
700
0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00
W
A
B
T
,
°
C
W
A
B
T
,
°
F
Degrees API upgrade
FIG 4. Benefits of 545DX at lower
hydrogen pressure.
338
344
349
355
360
366
371
377
640
650
660
670
680
690
700
710
0.5 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.8
W
A
B
T
,

°
F
W
A
B
T
,

°
C
LHSV, hr
-1
NDXi
545DX
Auto repair costs for consumers could rise due
to adverse effects of fuel containing 15% ethanol
blends (E15), according to new results from a two-
year study on engine durability.
The study was conducted by FEV, a longtime
consultant to the US Environmental Protection
Agency, on behalf of the Coordinating Research
Council (CRC).
The CRC study showed adverse results from E15
use in certain popular, high-volume models of cars
(Table 1), its authors said.
Problems included damaged valves and valve
seats, which can lead to loss of compression and pow-
er; diminished vehicle performance; misfres; engine
damage; poor fuel economy and increased emissions.
“Clearly, many vehicles on the road today are at
risk of harm from E15. The unknowns concern us
greatly, since only a fraction of vehicles have been
tested to determine their tolerance to E15,” said Mitch
Bainwol, CEO of the Auto Alliance trade group.
“Automakers did not build these vehicles to
handle the more corrosive E15 fuel. That’s why we
urged EPA to wait for the results of further testing.”
The potential costs to consumers are signifcant,
the study says. The most likely repair would be cyl-
inder head replacement, which costs from $2,000-
$4,000 for single cylinder head engines and twice as
much for V-type engines.
“Our goal is to ensure that new alternative fuels
are not placed into retail until it has been proven they
are safe and do not cause harm to vehicles, consum-
ers or the environment,” said Mike Stanton, CEO of
the Global Automakers trade group. “The EPA should
have waited until all the studies on the potential im-
pacts of E15 on the current feet were completed.”
“Automakers believe that renewable fuels are an
important component of our national energy secu-
rity, but it is not in the longer term interest of the
government, vehicle manufacturers, fuel distributors
or the ethanol industry itself to fnd out after the fact
that equipment or performance problems are occur-
ring from rushing a new fuel into the national mar-
ketplace,” added Bainwol.
Growth Energy, an ethanol industry trade group,
petitioned the EPA in March 2009 to raise the limit
on ethanol in gasoline from 10% to 15%.
In June 2008, EPA outlined testing needed for the
agency to approve a waiver, and EPA requirements
were consistent with test plans developed by the
auto and oil industries.
The CRC, composed of engineers from the auto
and oil industries, was working with EPA and US
Department of Energy (DOE) on a multi-year suite
of tests on the effects of higher blends of ethanol,
according to the trade groups.
This testing included more than $14.5 million of
research sponsored by the auto and oil industries,
and $40 million of testing sponsored by the federal
government.
Before those tests were completed—in October
2010 and January 2011—the EPA granted “partial”
waivers to allow the introduction of E15 into the
marketplace for use in model year 2001 and later
vehicles.
EPA’s decision was based largely on a DOE study
of the effects of E15 on durability of catalytic con-
verters, the primary pollution control system in a
vehicle
EPA did not undertake or wait to consider the re-
sults of this engine durability test, or for other E15
related research still underway, the groups allege.
The CRC study took duplicates of eight differ-
ent vehicle model engines spanning the 2001–2009
model years. All 16 vehicles were tested over a
500-hour durability cycle corresponding to about
100,000 miles of vehicle usage, the authors said.
A range of engine operating parameters was
monitored during the test. •
E15 ethanol fuel can damage auto engines
For more information, visit www.uop.com/uniflex.
© 2012 Honeywell International, Inc. All rights reserved.
refinement redefined
UOP Uniflex™ residue-upgrading technology yields 25% more
clean fuel, turning “bottom of the barrel” into “top of the line.”
Get the most from every barrel. The UOP Uniflex Process can double the diesel yield
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black on your bottom line. The Uniflex Process is a high-conversion, commercially
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from every barrel.
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8 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
Heatric recently supplied Echogen
Power Systems Inc. with Printed Cir-
cuit Heat Exchangers (PCHEs) for
Echogen’s Supercritical CO
2
(ScCO
2
)
power generation cycle. The power
generation system converts industrial
waste heat into electricity, using su-
percritical CO
2
as the working fuid
and without creating new emissions.
Heatric’s PCHEs help transfer more
of the waste heat into electricity than
would be possible with non-super-
critical fuids.
In the Echogen system, liquid CO
2

is pumped to supercritical pressure,
where it accepts internally recycled
heat at the recuperator, followed by
waste heat from the hot fue gas supply
(Fig. 1). High-energy ScCO
2
is then
expanded through a turbine, which
drives a generator to produce electri-
cal power to customer specifcations.
The expanded ScCO
2
is cooled at the
recuperator and condensed to a liquid
at the condenser. Then the cycle be-
gins again.
Heatric PCHEs are used for recu-
perating and condensing heat transfer
services at pressures over 200 times at-
mospheric pressure. They allow great-
er heat recovery and process effciency
than other heat exchangers, with the
resulting electricity produced at a low-
er cost per unit. If widely utilized, such
systems could signifcantly reduce the
demand that heavy power consumers
place on the grid. Also, the compact
size of Heatric’s PCHEs allows sys-
tems to be retroftted more easily to
existing industrial facilities. •
actually force refners to increase GHG
emissions and threaten to send more of
our refning jobs overseas.
Add to the regulations President
Obama’s unrelenting efforts to prop-
up fuels that can’t stand on their own
and give an unfair advantage to some,
while harming others. One example
is the Navy’s Green Fleet program.
The program is a deplorable example
of government spending that demon-
strates complete disregard for Ameri-
can taxpayers’ money. This program
allows the Navy to knowingly pur-
chase $27 per gallon biofuel, over tra-
ditional petroleum fuel, which remains
under $4 per gallon.
Further, this administration has re-
peatedly discouraged energy explora-
tion and energy production, contribut-
ing to higher refnery crude-oil costs.
The most glaring example of such a
policy is the president’s decision to
disapprove the Keystone XL pipeline,
a project that would have created tens
of thousands of jobs and provided our
nation with a more secure oil source,
greatly benefting American refneries
and consumers.
Our companies manufacture fuels
and petrochemicals—combined with
activities to produce oil and natural
gas—that support more than nine mil-
lion American jobs. We could create
more if President Obama would stop
throwing regulatory roadblocks and
proposed tax increases in our path.
Sensible regulations are fne, but
excessive regulations that bring little
or no real beneft have been placed on
refners in a number of areas, includ-
ing fuel and emission standards. The
number of regulations our companies
need to follow are staggering, and
they seem to multiply by the day.
As we meet on the eve of a very
important election for our industry
and the nation’s economy, we need
Washington to get focused on the im-
portant role that AFPM members and
other energy companies play in the
American economy and in job cre-
ation. It’s time that our leaders con-
sider an energy policy based on reality
rather than ideology.
No one knows today what the out-
come of the election will be, but I
hope that whoever is in offce in Janu-
ary (regardless of their political party)
will consider working cooperatively
with Congress and our nation’s ener-
gy workers and companies to do what
is right for America. •
Let’s talk numbers
Prize performance, capacity gains
Packinox heat exchangers pack up to 16 000 m
2

of heat transfer surface area into one single unit.
That makes them the largest plate heat exchangers
in the world.
The performance benefits of the Packinox design
include closer temperature approach, which gives
rise to lower fuel consumption, and reduced
emissions, plus a lower pressure drop. It all adds
up to gigantic savings on your infrastructure and
installation costs as well as your operating costs.
Those kinds of numbers really make you a winner. PPI00181EN
WELCOME, continued
from page 1
PCHEs boost power from waste heat
FIG 1. Echogen’s power generation system converts industrial waste
into electricity using Heatric’s heat exchange technology.
Heat engine skid
Cooled
flue gas
Flue gas
supply
Waste heat
exchanger
Recuperator
Condenser
Power electronics
Cooling
water
return
Generator Gear Turbine
Cooling water
supply
Pump
Net power
FOR MORE INFORMATION,
VISIT WWW.AFPM.ORG
2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 9
Choose your footprint
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Design your plant layout to determine your
energy efficiency and carbon emissions
this additional capacity will be bearish
for overall US product markets and
will pressure US refning margins.
Shrinking target markets for US export.
In recent years, US refners have ben-
efted from the absence of refning in-
vestment in developing regions, espe-
cially in Latin America where product
import requirements of have grown.
Latin America, the main export mar-
ket for growing US product surpluses,
has had a particularly bullish impact
on US refnery operations and profts.
In addition, in 2012, throughput lev-
els were lower in Europe due to high-
er crude costs, lackluster petroleum
gasoline demand growth and surprise
outages. The expansion of import re-
quirements in both Europe and Latin
America pushed US exports of diesel
to more than one million bpd in the
second quarter, nearly fve times what
they were fve years ago.
Beyond 2013, global distillation
capacity is expected to rise signif-
cantly faster than demand, expanding
by nearly eight million bpd between
2012 and 2016, compared to just 1.1
million bpd of average annual product
demand growth during the same fve
years. In Fig. 1, refning capacity, the
darker blue area, expands much faster
than the demand forecast. As a result,
the bullish trend that saw demand
expand faster than capacity in recent
years will also reverse. The bearish
decline in the ratio of demand to refn-
ing capacity expected beyond 2013,
depicted by the dark blue line in Fig.
1, will pressure margins. This ratio is
even more bearish when demand for
oil products is adjusted for alternative
fuel substitution, as the red line shows
in Fig. 1.
Lowered requirements. In addition,
many product importing regions will
lower their import requirements, and
regions like the Middle East are likely
to begin exporting additional product.
Asia, the largest developing region
will continue adding capacity in order
to keep pace with regional demand
growth. However, the Middle East and
Latin America, the two largest demand
growth regions outside of Asia will ac-
celerate capacity additions, breaking
with recent trends.
US export markets contract slowly.
Despite recent refnery delays in Bra-
zil that will signifcantly temper ca-
pacity additions, Latin American re-
fning capacity expansion in the next
fve years remains impressive. The
region collectively will add roughly
730,000 bpd of capacity through
2016, adjusted for the closure of the
HOVENSA refnery in 2012, which
mainly served the US market. Bra-
zil still accounts for the majority of
the growth, adding roughly 400,000
bpd, but most of that capacity is not
expected until end-2014. Notably, the
delays include the frst phase of PRE-
MIUM I, which would have added
300,000 bpd in 2016.
The remainder of the growth in
Latin America (Fig. 2) will be made
up of smaller projects that will add
less than 100,000 bpd and mainly
through capacity expansions at ex-
isting refneries. The goal of most
of these projects will be to increase
diesel production, lowering import
requirements, while processing ad-
ditional heavy crude from the region.
However, further delays with some of
these projects are likely.
More competition for export markets.
Europe’s import requirement is ex-
pected to rise slightly beyond 2013,
but only because Europe’s refners
will come under increased competi-
tion from growth in the exportable
surplus of gasoline and diesel outside
the region. In addition to the rise in US
capacity, as is well-known, the Middle
East will see a sharp rise in distillation
capacity by 2016. Saudi Arabia, Iran
and the UAE all have large projects
planned that will contribute to roughly
two million bpd of new distillation ca-
pacity. Saudi Aramco is expected to
fnish both 400,000 bpd joint venture
refnery projects with Total and Sino-
pec. They will contribute to a regional
surplus and both are expected to ex-
port product as well. The UAE and
Iran are both expected to add some
capacity, further contributing to the re-
gion’s ability to export product. Iran’s
capacity expansion is likely to be lim-
ited or delayed severely, however, by
continued sanctions.
US crude advantage will decline. The
price discounts for the growing pro-
duction of crude oil from Canadian oil
sands and Bakken shale in 2011 and
2012 have set off a race to move North
American crude oil to the coast, where
most US refning capacity is located.
Outlets for this crude, both pipeline
and rail, will continue to expand rap-
idly in the coming years. Although
this rising domestic production and re-
sulting price weakness has helped US
refners initially, the beneft will dis-
sipate signifcantly as more and more
crude oil reaches the coast, backing
out imports and forcing price equili-
bration with the global oil market.
Lower US refining margins ahead. In
sum, after rising to more than $15 ear-
lier this year, ESAI expects notional
USGC Cracking margins to LLS will
to fnd some support next year before
falling below $10 beyond 2013. The
impact of these lower margins will be
increased pressure for marginal refn-
ing capacity particularly in the US
and Europe, with spare capacity in the
two regions rising and export markets
shrinking. The lower margin environ-
ment and resulting spare capacity in
the USGC will also likely delay or
discourage additional capacity expan-
sion projects outside the US, particu-
larly in Latin America, where fnanc-
ing continues to be an issue. •
Chris Barber is a refning ana-
lyst at the global energy forecasting
and analysis frm, ESAI Energy LLC
(www.esaI.com). For more detail on
this analysis, please contact Mr. Bar-
ber at cbarber@esai.com. For more
information on ESAI Energy, please
contact Tom Lovett at tlovett@esai.
com +1-781-245-2036.
REFINING, continued from page 1
FIG 2. Latin America product balances.
-800
-600
-400
-200
0
200
400
600
800
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Gasoil and diesel Gasoline Fuel oil
Source: ESAI
TABLE 1. US refinery projects that will increase clean fuel production
Company Location PADD Main Unit Capacity (‘000 bpd)
Motiva Port Arthur, TX 3 CDU 325
Valero Port Arthur, TX 3 Hydrocracker 57
Valero St. Charles, LA 3 Hydrocracker 60
BP Whiting, IN 2 Coker 102
Marathon Detroit, MI 2 Coker 27
Marathon Garyville, LA 3 Hydrocracker 20
Wood River Wood River, IL 2 Coker 65
Source: ESAI
WASHINGTON—
Statement by AFPM President
Charles T. Drevna on the EPA
decision to increase bio-based
diesel volumes to 1.28 billion
gallons in 2012:
“EPA’s decision to increase the
biomass diesel volumes is whol-
ly discretionary and irrespon-
sible. It only serves to increase
our nation’s fuel bill. Given the
exorbitant cost of biodiesel, its
poor performance qualities, sig-
nifcant fraud in the biodiesel
industry, and the drought facing
our nation’s farmers and ranch-
ers, this is a bad decision at the
wrong time. Today’s decision
will force consumers to pay al-
most $500 million more next
year for diesel fuel.” •
DID YOU KNOW?
10 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
EVER WONDER WHAT MAKES
OUR CATALYSTS SO ADVANCED?
INDUSTRY-LEADING MINDS, OF COURSE.
Even with the wide range of proven Criterion catalysts, like CENTERA
®
in our portfolio and successfully upgrading challenging
feeds to hydrocracker, distillate and FCC pretreat operations around the world; we still think the ultimate key to performance
is our people. Come connect with Criterion Catalysts & Technologies and Shell Global Solutions in our suite:
Monday, October, 1 2012
6:30 pm - Midnight
Vienna Room, 3rd Floor, The Grand America Hotel
www.CRITERIONCatalysts.com
Trial shows AEGIS to be an innovative
and flexible resid cracking catalyst
CARL KEELEY, JEREMY MAYOL, YVES-ALAIN JOLLIEN, STEFANO RIVA and VASILEIOS KOMVOKIS, BASF
Tamoil is a major operator in the
oil and energy industry with operat-
ing refneries in in Germany (Ham-
burg) and Switzerland (Collombey)
in addition to distribution networks
in Italy, Germany, Switzerland, The
Netherlands and Spain.
Tamoil’s FCC asset at its Col-
lombey refnery is an R2R unit op-
erating with a heavy residue feed-
stock (3-7% Conradson carbon) and
high contaminant metal level (Ni+V
up to 12,000 ppm). R2R technology
was originally developed by Total as
a cost-effective, fexible and reliable
means to proft from residue feed-
stock. The R2R residue FCC technol-
ogy is offered through the FCC Al-
liance between Axens, IFP Energies
Nouvelles, Total and Shaw.
Beginning in 2011, the Collombey
refnery evaluated FCC unit catalyst
options to optimize performance and
cost in face of adverse RE market
conditions. The base case catalyst
in use was the market leading resid
catalyst in EMEA supplied by the
market share leader in the region. A
trial was conducted using one of the
market leader’s low rare earth al-
ternative products touted to deliver
equivalent performance at lower
RE levels. However, the proposed
lower rare earth alternative product
trial was abandoned due to the sub-
par performance of the product; unit
performance showed an increase in
LPG yield (which is the main unit
constraint), bottoms yield and cata-
lyst addition rate. As the drivers for
a change in catalyst were still valid,
BASF was invited to offer a solution.
BASF recognises that refners
may have concerns about potential
risks associated with changing to a
new catalyst and supplier. This may
be the case, even if the catalyst tech-
nology is commercially proven, as
was the case here, and the supplier
has a proven track record; BASF is
the market leader in North America,
where there are around 42 resid FCCs
and 134 GO FCCs in operation. Be-
cause BASF recognizes this concern
refners may have, the frst step was
to provide value-added technical ser-
vice to further understand the opera-
tion and constraints of the unit; activ-
ities included: site based audits and
reviews, pilot plant testing and prepa-
ration of a very successful catalyst
change-over risk minimisation plan.
Based on the technical evalua-
tions, a catalyst system was selected
that would ft the unit operation and
deliver the highest value. AEGIS,
an innovative catalyst from BASF
was selected to provide the greatest
fexibility. The fnal catalyst formu-
lation was customized for the trial
objectives as described by Tamoil;
BASF’s portfolio of FCC catalysts
and additives are used to produce
customized products with specifca-
tions prepared for a target to meet the
customers’ needs.
The trial was conducted from
March 30 to June 19 in 2012. Initial-
ly, the unit was set-up to mimic the
performance of the market leading
resid catalyst in EMEA, then the unit
was optimized, so that all the benefts
FIG 1. Significantly improved LPG selectivity while comparing
similar operating conditions (summer months only).
Comp. 3.5%RE
high CCR feed
L
P
G
/
g
a
s
o
l
i
n
e

r
a
t
i
o
,

w
t
/
w
t
0.26
0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
Comp. 3.5%RE
low CCR feed
Comp. 3.5%RE
avg. feed 2006-11
Comp. 2.6%RE
low RE catalyst
Customised
Aegis 2.8%RE
 See BASF, page 11
2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 11
Champion Technologies’ Water and
Process Solutions teams are working to
ensure that the priorities and strategic
business drivers of your operations are met.
Customers tell us that they value Champion’s response
to three signifcant priorities that affect all aspects of
their operation. Water and Process chemical treatment
programs are designed to fully meet expectations in
terms of:
• Training and systems to reinforce safe conduct
and operation
• Engineering support and predictive tools to monitor
and improve equipment reliability
• Process and Utility system analytics for best
outcome to support proftability
Customers’ priorities are
Champion’s priorities.
Learn more at champ-tech.com
Refiners
spoke…
We responded!
SAFETY,
RELIABILITY,
PROFITABILITY!
Champion_AFPM_Q&A_AD 1 9/21/12 8:18 AM
of the new catalyst could be mea-
sured. Tamoil remarked that, “it was
a very smooth change-over, with no
problems and the new catalyst perfor-
mance was very good indeed.”
Meeting Tamoil’s expectations the
dry gas yield, gasoline yield, coke
yield and delta Coke are all similar
to past performance at a satisfactory
catalyst addition rate.
What exceeded Tamoil’s expecta-
tions was the signifcant improvement
in LPG selectivity and an outstanding
beneft on bottoms cracking.
The LPG selectivity of the custom-
ised AEGIS catalyst, that has a low
2.8% RE content, was signifcantly
better than the competitor’s low RE al-
ternative, which had 2.6% RE content;
and it was also better than the market
leading resid catalyst in EMEA, which
had around 3.5% RE content. This im-
proved performance of the customized
AEGIS catalyst has eliminated the
historic main unit constraint.
There is quite a beneft on the bot-
toms cracking, that being increased
LCO yield and reduced slurry yield.
This was an important achievement
that allowed Tamoil to increase die-
sel production.
Summation. The customized AEGIS
catalyst solution outshined the com-
petitor’s low rare earth catalyst and
was also better than the market lead-
ing resid catalyst in EMEA. Due to
the signifcantly improved LPG selec-
tivity, outstanding beneft on bottoms
cracking and improved conversion,
there is substantial economic beneft.
Using an indicative set of feed,
product and utility prices, Tamoil’s
improved proftability is estimated to
be around:
• +1.2 $/bbl, compared to the com-
petitor low rare earth catalyst; and
• +0.4 $/bbl, compared to the mar-
ket leading resid catalyst in EMEA.
The factors that made this success
possible were: close cooperation be-
tween Tamoil and BASF; BASF’s
innovative, fexible AEGIS catalyst;
BASF’s customized technical ser-
vice; BASF’s catalyst changeover
risk minimization plan; and BASF’s
European catalyst facility and cus-
tomer service team. •
FIG 2. Improvement on bottoms cracking.
FIG 3. AEGIS catalyst economic benefit.
Comp 3.5%RE
average 2006-11
to high CCR feed
U
n
i
t

p
r
o

t
a
b
i
l
i
t
y
,

U
S

$
/
b
b
l

o
f

f
e
e
d
Comp 2.6%RE
Profitability
+ 0.4 $/bbl
+ 2.6 Mio $/year at
18,900 bbl/day full capacity
+ 7.8 Mio $/year at
18,900 bbl/day full capacity
+ 1.2 $/bbl
Aegis 2.8%RE
BASF, continued from page 10
SWITCH LINE RECEIVES SIL CERTIFICATION
SOR Inc.’s line of pressure, differential pressure,
temperature, vacuum and level switches has been
certifed ft for use in Safety Integrity Level (SIL)
environments. SOR is one of only a few manu-
facturers in the industry to offer its entire range of
switches certifed to the IEC 61508 safety standard.
To obtain SIL certifcation, the products were
assessed by FM Approvals per the requirements
of IEC 61508 parts 1, 2 and 3. When implement-
ing Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) in process
plant environments such as power plants, offshore
oil platforms, refneries and chemical plants, the
SIL certifcation helps mitigate risk at the process
instrument level.
The SOR line of pressure switches and level
switches are rugged, feld-mounted instruments.
Nearly every SOR product can be designed to meet
the demands of specifc processes and custom-built
to suit exact specifcations.
COOLER DESIGN RAISES EFFICIENCY BY 25%
GEA Heat Exchangers’ Groovy Fin Cooling in-
dustrial cooler design improves effciency by 25%.
The process technology supplier featured its air
coolers at the ACHEMA 2012 conference in Frank-
furt, Germany from June 18–22.
The Groovy Fin Cooling design features a pat-
ented fn shaping that reduces the “slipstream,” or
dead space, behind the fnned tubes. This allows for
smaller coolers with reduced space requirements
and less power consumption by fans—i.e., reduced
investment and operating costs.
The central idea of using air instead of water as
the coolant saves water resources and prevents the
warming of bodies of water—and it is the technolo-
gy preferably used in regions where water is scarce.
Air coolers comprise fnned-tube bundles and fans
that generate airfow to cool the gas or liquid in-
side the tubes. When the air fows across the fnned
tubes, it cannot reach the area located immediately
behind the tubes because a dead space is formed on
the side not facing the airfow. Until now, a part of
the fns was not used as a cooling surface.
“Groovy Fin Cooling” means that the fns are
grooved to guide the airfow behind the tube. The
effciency of the air cooler is increased by up to
25%, and the environmental footprint (in this case,
the space requirement and the energy consumption)
is also signifcantly reduced.
If the customer uses the improved effciency
for higher cooling performance while retaining the
same heat exchanger size, then performance can be
improved by up to 20%. Cleaning of the grooved
fnned tubes is the same as in conventional fnned
tubes, and the mechanical stability of the patented
design is even higher. GEA offers a variant with
special protection for applications in aggressive
ambient air conditions, e.g. in LNG terminals.
THIRD-GENERATION VALVE DIAGNOSTICS
ENHANCE FLEXIBILITY
The new Metso Valve Manager represents state-
of-the-art, third-generation valve diagnostics that
are capable of processing collected diagnostics in-
formation to visualize the condition of a valve with
fve different indices: control performance, valve
condition, actuator condition, positioner condition
and environmental conditions.
With diagnostics information, engineers and
operators can make decisions concerning control
valve maintenance, without deep valve know-how.
Unexpected shutdowns can be avoided, and the
control valve performance can be maintained at an
optimum level. •
INNOVATIONS
12 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
Energy price fuctuations present both near-term
challenges and interesting opportunities for the oil
and gas mergers and acquisitions (M&A) market.
As Deloitte Consulting points out in a recently re-
leased report, current depressed North American
natural gas prices (prices far below the market
rates in other continents) will likely continue to at-
tract both domestic and international supermajors
that have money to spend on natural gas assets at
low prices. Deloitte believes the long-term outlook
for US natural gas holds promise, as gas gradually
gains domestic market share, and as prospects for
LNG exports from the US improve.
The consulting company sees buying interest
and E&P activity in liquids-rich shale plays con-
tinuing, as well as midstream consolidation and
infrastructure investment, as that segment restruc-
tures and invests to serve the rapidly changing
North American energy landscape. According to
Deloitte, a resurgent North American energy mar-
ket and the investment needs that accompany that
resurgence should set the stage for sustained M&A
activity over the longer term.
Downstream M&A. Only nine refning and market-
ing (R&M) deals took place during the frst half of
2012, compared to 12 transactions in the frst half
of 2011 and 13 during the second half of 2011 (Fig.
1). However, the total value of transactions picked
up during this year’s frst half to $10.6 billion, up
36%, when compared to $7.8 billion in the frst half
of 2011, and several orders of magnitude larger
than the $2.6 billion during the second half of 2011.
“We actually saw a good increase in deal value
year over year in this segment,” said Roger Ihne, a
principal at Deloitte Consulting. “This was primar-
ily driven by two large deals that took place outside
the US: one in Asia and one in Europe.”
One refnery acquisition during this period was
notable not for its size but for the industry afflia-
tion of the buyer. A major international airline an-
nounced in the second quarter of 2012 that it would
buy a Trainer, Pennsylvania, refnery for $180 mil-
lion. The company intends to upgrade the refnery’s
capabilities so that it can produce a much higher
proportion of jet fuel, giving the airline a source of
fuel in a region of the US that has very little jet fuel
production, as well as exchanges to allow jet fuel to
be supplied throughout other geographic areas.
“This is certainly a unique situation that has ev-
eryone intrigued both within and outside the indus-
try,” said Mr. Ihne.
From integrated to independent. Ownership within
the R&M segment of the energy industry has been
transformed over the past decade as large integrated
companies have “high-graded” their portfolios, sell-
ing or spinning off their downstream assets to focus
on higher-performing upstream operations. Now,
over two-thirds of US R&M operations are in the
hands of independent rather than integrated compa-
nies. Many of these independent operators have ben-
efted over the past two years from rising profts in
the US due to advantage-priced crude supplies from
Canada and the developing tight oil plays in Ameri-
ca, but long-term prospects are more uncertain.
“Gasoline demand in the US is down 5% com-
pared to last year,” said Mr. Ihne. “Long-term de-
mand for refned products in the US is still uncertain
due to stricter corporate average fuel economy and
renewable fuel standards, as well as future compe-
tition from natural gas-based transportation fuels.”
However, reduced domestic consumption of gaso-
line and distillate fuels has largely been offset by ex-
ports of refned products from US Gulf Coast refn-
ers to Mexico, South America and Northern Europe.
Fig. 2 provides an overview of the net exports of US
petroleum products from January 2010 to May 2012.
“Without export demand, US refners would
likely be challenged to operate near the 85%-plus
capacity they reached this year,” said Mr. Ihne.
“Refning assets in the Gulf are some of the most
sophisticated in the world,” said Mr. Ihne. “They
can process heavy crude from Canada and the new
tight oil supplied from various US plays, but un-
less refners gain access to that oil, we will have
assets in the US that have a comparative economic
advantage to the rest of the world—but, nonetheless
will have to rely on higher cost imported crude from
elsewhere.” •
FIG 1. Refining and marketing M&A deals
by value and count.
FIG 2. Net exports of US petroleum products.
Taking a glance at mergers and acquisitions
AD00387P
CAMER-1058_PRS_refine_AFPM_rev.indd 1 9/24/12 9:08 AM
14 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
The value of employing an experienced
strategic licensor
DAVE CLARK, Shell Global Solutions International BV
Refnery projects can encounter
problems if they become unexpect-
edly complex or fail owing to insuf-
fcient integration between the dis-
tillation, conversion, treating and
emissions control processes. The im-
pact on a business can be devastating
but, by following a different approach,
such issues can usually be avoided.
Astounding levels of complexity
can be encountered during the instal-
lation of new process units owing to
the overwhelming number of inter-
faces with other parts of the plant.
For instance, the Pearl GTL devel-
opment in Qatar involved 800 pipe-
lines crossing between contracts, and
there were over 2,600 cases where
it was necessary to pass process
data among contractors. There were
more than 3,600 construction inter-
face points, including those for the
exchange of schedule information
and overlapping responsibilities for
cross-contract system hydrotesting.
This is clearly not an assignment for
the faint-hearted. As a general rule
of thumb, every interface increases
project complexity by a square fac-
tor; it is not unusual for a project’s
complexity to mushroom.
There are various forms of inter-
face, including technical interfaces
that occur between structures and
process units, and organisational in-
terfaces. Investigation revealed fail-
ures in the latter category to be the
cause of the Three Mile Island nucle-
ar incident in 1979.
At Qatar, the project schedule was
maintained because the complexity
was mitigated with tried-and-tested
techniques. Seamless integration
among contractors was achieved
through sophisticated work pro-
cesses that facilitated communica-
tion and data exchange, and by an
interface database that consolidated
all the interface points and issued
weekly status reports. On highly
complex capital projects, the value
of experience and best practices can-
not be overstated.
Decisions made during the front-
end development phase can have a
major infuence on complexity. For
instance, I have heard of refners that
have licensed multiple technologies
from different suppliers only to fnd
out—sometimes when it was too
late—that they do not match at the
interfaces. Often, the cause is that
they were designed to different stan-
dards or philosophies.
Sourcing from multiple suppliers
is the traditional approach, as it en-
ables solutions to be cherry-picked
and the various suppliers to be beaten
down on price. Increasingly, howev-
er, the progressive refners are realis-
ing the substantial value that is at risk
with this approach: delays, rework
costs and plant underperformance.
Sourcing from a limited number
of licensors can help to avoid this.
For instance, an owner can license a
package of residue upgrading tech-
nologies that combines the high
vacuum unit, the hydrocracker and
the solvent dewaxing unit from one
supplier. Many customers fnd this
to be a much better way of executing
a project because their dealings are
only with one party—the strategic li-
censor. It then becomes the strategic
licensor’s responsibility to ensure,
for instance, that the numerous inter-
faces match and that the schedule is
optimised. It also promotes safety.
As a strategic licensor that has
operational experience, Shell Global
Solutions strives to take a holistic
approach during projects because it
sees opportunities to be the architect
of value creation across the business,
not just within an individual project
or activity. Our value creation archi-
tecture provides the platform for this.
A wide-ranging portfolio of refn-
ery processes is also a prerequisite
for this approach, which is why, at
Shell Global Solutions, we actively
seek strategic technical alliances
with specialist companies that offer
leading-edge technologies in areas
where we do not have a proprietary
technology.
A good example of this is the
Shell Sulphur Technology Platform
through which we license a suite of
technologies that can handle sulphur
in any form: in crude, products and
emissions, and also as a solid. Many
of these are proprietary technologies,
but we also have agreements with, for
example, Cansolv Technologies Inc.
(now owned by Shell), Merichem,
Praxair, Sandvik and Sulzer to com-
plete our portfolio.
The Grupa LOTOS DAO hydro-
cracker demonstrates the customer
value of such an alliance. As dis-
cussed in the article on page 7, the
quality of the DAO feed from KBR’s
SDA unit to Shell Global Solutions’
DAO hydrocracker was pivotal. In
theory, Grupa LOTOS could have
licensed a standalone SDA unit, but
that option would have missed the
opportunity to optimise the interface
between those two crucial processes.
Because of our alliance, we were
able to work with KBR to optimise
the feed. You cannot optimise units
individually and expect to maximise
the refnery’s overall performance.
Customers also receive consistent
guarantees that are aligned with their
overall objectives, which can be ex-
tremely reassuring, especially to f-
nanciers. This can also minimise the
potential for liability disputes.
I heard of a refnery that installed
a Claus unit that was too big: they
could not turn it down suffciently for
it to operate. It seems that the licensor,
which was not an operator, designed
in contingency capacity in all the up-
stream units that resulted in a deliv-
ered unit so large that there was not
enough hydrogen sulphide in the re-
fnery to fll it, even at maximum turn-
down. Integrating new process units is
rarely straightforward, but experience
can often prove invaluable.
Employing a strategic licensor that
has itself operated large, complex in-
dustrial facilities might also help you
to address investor concerns and, as
a result, secure preferable terms for
fnance and insurance. In fnanciers’
eyes, it helps to mitigate the comple-
tion risks associated with complexity
and integration; it is much less risky
than having multiple partners.
Shell Global Solutions has mul-
tiple strategic technical alliances
with specialist technology provid-
ers, some of which date back de-
cades. In addition, we leverage rela-
tionships with our affiliates such as
Criterion and our in-house trading
teams (for crude supply optimisa-
tion and product offtake deals). All
of these share a common fundamen-
tal objective: to help us work with
customers to enhance the value that
we deliver to them. •
1. OVERWHELMING COMPLEXITY
“We identifed processes that would achieve our objectives. But when it
came to licensing the technologies from different suppliers…the complexity
was just overwhelming.”
Best practices are key. A strategic licensor should be experienced at co-
ordinating the interfaces and will supply units that leverage the same de-
sign standards.
2. POOR SOLUTION INTEGRATION
“To get the best performance out of our new unit, we have to compromise
on other processes downstream. This is so frustrating.”
Optimising the overall performance of the refnery requires wide-rang-
ing expertise across multiple disciplines. There is no single ideal process
line-up; that is contingent on the available crudes, the desired product slate
and the boundary conditions in terms of emissions. Within that box, a stra-
tegic licensor with operational experience should be able to unlock value.
3. INABILITY TO SECURE FUNDING
“I know that the project will deliver on its objectives. But making the case
to investors and their banks is another matter; they are not so enthusiastic and
that is refected in the terms that they are offering.”
Having a strategic licensor on board that has operational and technical
experience and a track record of acting as both an adviser and a project
manager on major energy projects around the world tends to make a dif-
ference. It provides reassurance that the development will be delivered on
schedule, within budget and to world-class benchmarks. •
AVOID THESE THREE COMMON REFINERY PROJECT PROBLEMS
2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 15
A history of proven results with
over 250 synthesis gas plants
and 2,800 air separation plants
installed worldwide.
As a world class supplier of synthesis gas and air
separation technologies, Linde Engineering and
its subsidiary, Selas Fluid, provide single source
responsibility for engineering, procurement and
construction of complete synthesis gas and air
separation plants.
Syngas plants -
■ Hydrogen
■ Carbon monoxide
■ H
2
/CO
■ Ammonia
■ Methanol
■ Synthetic natural gas
Cryogenic plants -
■ Oxygen
■ Nitrogen
■ Argon
Selas Fluid
Subsidiary of The Linde Group
Head Ofce, USA:
Five Sentry Parkway East
Blue Bell, PA 19422
610-834-0300
Texas:
16225 Park Ten Place, Suite 250
Houston, TX 77084
281-717-9090
www.lindeus-engineering.com
CONSTRUCTION NEWS
NORTH AMERICA
TWD Technologies has been se-
lected by Great Lakes Biodiesel to
build what is said to be Canada’s larg-
est biodiesel plant. It is scheduled to
be operational by the autumn of 2012.
TWD is providing full engineering,
procurement and construction man-
agement for the plant, which is to be
located in Welland, Ontario.
The new Great Lakes Biodiesel
plant will produce ASTM 6751-qual-
ity biodiesel made primarily from Ca-
nadian vegetable oils, such as canola
and soybean. When completed, the
plant will have the capacity to pro-
duce 170 million liters/yr of biodiesel.
ExxonMobil Research and En-
gineering Co. (EMRE) has a licens-
ing agreement with Sundrop Fuels
Inc. for EMRE’s methanol to gasoline
(MTG) technology. Sundrop Fuels
will apply the technology at its planned
biomass fuels plant near Alexandria,
Louisiana. The biomass complex will
gasify forest waste, supplemented
with hydrogen produced from natural
gas, to make synthesis gas. The syn-
gas then will be converted to methanol
and fed into the MTG process produc-
ing 3,500 bpcd of renewable gasoline.
The MTG process converts crude
methanol directly into low-sulfur,
low-benzene gasoline. Although the
original application of the MTG tech-
nology processed methanol from nat-
ural gas, the same technology can be
used for methanol from other sources,
such as coal, petcoke and biomass.
Petroplex International, LLC,
has launched the front-end engineer-
ing and design (FEED) study of a
state-of-the-art bulk liquids terminal
facility in St. James Parish, Louisiana.
Petroplex, which is backed by a
consortium including Macquarie
Group, through its Macquarie Capi-
tal division, Quanta Services Inc.
and individual investor Mr. Harley
Franco, CEO and founder of Harley
Marine Services Inc., announced that
QPS Engineering, LLC, a division
of Quanta Services, will lead the proj-
ect’s design and engineering work,
and Verwater B.V. will provide spe-
cialist engineering advice on the stor-
age tanks. The storage and distribution
terminal will include a unit-train facil-
ity, barge and ship dock, truck racks
and pipeline, and will be designed and
tailored to client specifcations.
The project’s major construction
work is expected to begin after the
close of construction fnancing in the
frst half of 2013. Commercial opera-
tions are scheduled during 2014.
LATIN AMERICA
Shanghai-based Wison Offshore
& Marine Ltd., a subsidiary of the
Wison Group, has a contract from
Exmar Group for engineering, pro-
curement, construction, installation
and commissioning (EPCIC) of what
is said to be the world’s frst foating
liquefaction, regasifcation and stor-
age unit (FLRSU). The facility will be
used by Exmar under a build, own and
operate contract with Pacifc Rubia-
les Energy Corp., and it will be lo-
cated on the Caribbean coast offshore
Colombia. Commercial operations are
planned to commence from the fourth
quarter of 2014.
The FLRSU consists of a non-pro-
pelled barge equipped to convert 69.5
million scfd of natural gas into lique-
fed natural gas (LNG) (+/– 500,000
tpy of LNG) that will be temporarily
stored in onboard tanks with a total
capacity of 14,000 m3 and subse-
quently offoaded either to a perma-
nently moored foating storage unit
or shuttle tankers. The facility will be
moored to a jetty and supplied with
gas by pipeline.
Wison Offshore & Marine will
design and engineer the unit from its
Shanghai operational center. Con-
struction will be performed at Wison’s
wholly owned fabrication facility lo-
cated in Nantong, China, with further
support supplied by the company’s
subsidiary in Houston, Texas, in the
US. Black & Veatch will engineer
and procure the topside liquefaction
equipment and packages using its pat-
ented PRICO LNG technology, and
provide onsite commissioning and
startup services.
Alpek S.A.B. de C.V., through its
subsidiary Grupo Petrotemex, S.A.
de C.V., has awarded a turnkey con-
tract to a consortium led by SENER
Mexico to construct a cogeneration
power plant in Cosoleacaque, Vera-
cruz, Mexico. This plant, which will
have a capacity of over 85 MW, will
boost the competitiveness of Alpek’s
operations.
The new facility will have two gas
turbines, two heat-recovery steam gen-
erators and a back-pressure steam tur-
bine. SENER will carry out the basic
and detailed engineering, and will also
coordinate the project. The timeframe
for completing construction will be 23
months, meaning that the plant is slat-
ed for completion in February 2014.
Ecopetrol has started the mod-
ernization of its Barrancabermeja re-
fnery (PMRB project) in Santander,
Colombia. As part of this reconfgu-
ration, Ecopetrol has selected Axens’
technologies for its hydrocracking and
coker naphtha-hydrotreating units.
The 80,000-bpd hydrocracker will
process a blend of straight-run vacuum
gasoil and cracked gasoil to produce
high-quality middle-distillates and to
improve the FCC feed quality. The
14,000-bpd coker naphtha hydrotreat-
er will produce feedstock suitable for
petrochemicals.
Braskem’s new butadiene plant,
located in the Triunfo Petrochemical
Complex in the state of Rio Grande
do Sul, has entered the pre-opera-
tional phase, which marks the start-
up of plant operations 50 days ahead
of schedule. •
16 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
Compliance in emerging
risk areas
Ernst & Young recently held a seminar on risk
compliance for today’s global oil and gas compa-
nies. One session in particular during the semi-
nar focused on emerging risk areas in the energy
market, which include antitrust, the Foreign Cor-
rupt Practices Act (FCPA) and fnancial statement
fraud. To avoid such potentially damaging mis-
steps, many energy companies are upping their
investment in compliance. The addition of chief
compliance offcers and the hiring of compliance
professionals to work in key business regions en-
able companies to better implement formalized
risk assessments and audits on a regular basis.
Communication between the compliance, internal
audit and legal functions occurs on a daily basis,
and many companies have a structure process to
identify, rank and mitigate emerging risks.
Regardless of size and scope, however, all com-
pliance programs need the support of senior manag-
ers and the board of directors, session panelists said.
“Compliance must be taken seriously, and senior
management must set the proper expectations,”
said Jeff Johnston, a partner at Vinson and Elkins.
“Companies must be willing to walk away from
business if there is something unethical about the
project. You cannot send employees into high-risk
countries without signifcant amounts of training
and a structured plan for how they are to operate.”
“The tone at the top is the most important el-
ement,” said John Freeman, general counsel for
Technip USA. “There has to be more than a for-
mal code of conduct; senior management must
talk about compliance in a way that shows com-
mitment to following the law.”
In recent years, the FCPA has become a focal
point for international energy companies. Most
companies have some level of compliance program
in place to train employees on the FCPA as well as
auditing behavior in the feld.
Yet antitrust issues continue to grow in impor-
tance as the energy industry relies more heavily on
joint ventures and partnerships that require sharing
of information and cooperation among competitors.
“The government certainly has not reduced its
antitrust efforts,” Mr. Johnston said. “Last year
there were a record number of antitrust cases and
a record number of fnes. Regulators are very fo-
cused on the energy industry. They are on the look-
out for collusion, and they aren’t afraid to move in
if they suspect anything.”
Antitrust issues can also arise during the acqui-
sition process. “We are very concerned about “gun-
jumping,”” Mr. Freeman said. “There are still a lot
of people who don’t understand that you can’t act
as one company prior to the closure of an acquisi-
tion. While you can do integration planning, you
can’t share competitive information.”
To increase awareness of antitrust regulations,
companies should implement mandatory train-
ing for all employees who have any contact with
competitors/partners. Because many antitrust vio-
lations occur informally, follow-up monitoring and
auditing are diffcult and the bulk of a company’s
efforts must be up front.
“Most violations of this nature don’t have a paper
trail,” Mr. Freeman said. “They happen when people
are talking to one another at dinner or after a meet-
ing, and information is shared inadvertently.” •
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KEYERA ACQUIRES NGL
SHIPPING TERMINAL IN TEXAS
Keyera Corp. has agreed to buy ExxonMo-
bil’s NGL midstream rail and truck terminal
located near the storage hub in Mont Belvieu,
Texas. Total cost of the acquisition and phase
one modifcations are anticipated to be approxi-
mately $10-15 million, according to Keyera.
The facility is located in Hull, Texas and
is connected via pipeline with ExxonMobil’s
Beaumont complex and Daisetta storage facil-
ity, and other NGL facilities near the Mont Bel-
vieu energy hub. The terminal is expected to be
used initially to handle receipt and delivery of
propane, butane, iso-butane and NGL mix for
delivery into North American markets.
“The terminal is an ideal ft with our existing
infrastructure,” said David Smith, chief operat-
ing offcer of Keyera. “Dedicated rail facilities
near Mont Belvieu, combined with our rail in-
frastructure in Edmonton and South Cheecham
in the heart of the Alberta oil sands, will allow
us to enhance the logistics associated with the
movement of propane, butane and condensate.
The acquisition includes approximately 39
acres of land, four rail and six truck loading
spots, and NGL storage tanks. Keyera said it
currently plans to develop and expand the ter-
minal in phases, as demand for terminal and lo-
gistics services evolves.
Options for future phases include expanding
the rail loading and offoading capacity, adding
additional pipeline connections, and expanding
the storage capability in order to expand NGL
activities or handle other products such as con-
densate and diluted bitumen. •
DID YOU KNOW?
2012 Q&A and Technology Forum | American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 17
Welcome to Salt Lake City! If you
have the opportunity to venture out-
side the hotel and into the city during
your visit, this article has some rec-
ommendations for you. For instance,
you can go sightseeing and check
out Temple Square or the Great Salt
Lake. You could visit one of ffteen
national parks and monuments, all
within a day’s drive.
The attractions to visit in Salt
Lake are as varied as its visitors.
You can go on a scenic drive as you
travel to relive the glory at Olympic
venues or take in the arid beauty of
the Salt Flats on your way to Wen-
dover’s casinos. If you’re looking
for something genuinely unique to
Salt Lake, then genealogy is what
you want in the “Genealogy Capi-
tol of the World.” If history catches
your fancy, travel back in time as you
take in historic sites (and some not
so historic sites) on a carriage ride in
downtown Salt Lake.
Here are some quick-hitting facts
and stats about the area:
POPULATION
Salt Lake City: 186,440
Salt Lake Area: 1,029,655
Wasatch Front: 2,083,934
State of Utah: 2,763,885
ELEVATION
City: 4,330 feet
Nearby mountains:
Snowbird base: 8,100 feet
Hidden Peak: 11,000 feet
CLIMATE
Average daily temperature (aver-
age of high/low for 24 hour period
1971-2000)
October: 52.5°F
GEOGRAPHY
Salt Lake lies in a mountain val-
ley with the Wasatch Mountains to
the east and north. The Oquirrh (pro-
nounced “oaker”) Mountains border
the western edge of the valley. Salt
Lake’s offcial elevation is 4,330 feet
above sea level. The city is situated
on land once covered by the prehis-
toric Lake Bonneville. This ancient
lake existed within portions of Utah,
Nevada and Idaho, with an elevation
rising from 4,200 feet to 5,200 feet at
some points. The eastern and north-
ern portions of the city are located
on a series of terraces, or former
beaches, which are known locally as
“the benches.”
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
Utah Transit Authority (UTA) pro-
vides over 100 bus routes throughout
an 1,800 square-mile area. UTA also
provides light-rail service, airport
transportation, service to ski resorts
in winter and door-to-door transpor-
tation for disabled passengers. A free
fare zone is available downtown.
DRIVING LAWS
Safety belts are required by law
in Utah. All occupants of private
vehicles must be wearing safety re-
straints. Children should be secured
in car seats or safety belts.
Please don’t drink and drive. Like
many Western states, Utah has strin-
gent laws. A blood alcohol content of
0.08% or more is considered “driv-
ing under the infuence” and you will
be arrested and charged with a crime.
Salt Lake is 4,300 feet above sea
level. Consume alcohol cautiously
as it has more effect at this altitude,
and even more at ski area altitudes of
7,000-8,000 feet.
TIME ZONE
Utah is in the Mountain Time Zone
and uses Daylight Savings Time.
AREA CODES
Utah’s area codes are 801, 385 and
435. Unless otherwise noted, the area
code for telephone numbers listed on
this site is 801.
LIQUOR LAWS
Misperceptions abound when it
comes to Utah’s liquor laws. It is as
easy to get a drink in Salt Lake as it is
to order a meal. •
Salt Lake City welcomes AFPM delegates
3D TRASAR For
Crude Overhead Systems
Nalco Downstream Energy
Services is the global leader in
Refning Process Treatments.
For more than 80 years, we have
worked to build an unrivaled level
of experience and expertise with
over 1,200 employees operating in
more than 350 refneries and 400
petrochemical plants across six
continents.
3D TRASAR for Crude Overhead
Systems is a patent pending new
technology that combines an
automated analyzer, Pathfnder
®
(suite
of chemistries and predictive simula-
tion software), and experts to
deliver real time overhead
corrosion control. This innovative new
program allows the right amount of
chemistry to be delivered at the right
time by automating best practices.
Through technologies like 3D TRASAR
for Crude Overhead Systems, Nalco
helps global refners meet their corro-
sion control goals.
www.nalco.com
INNOVATION SQUARED
NALCO, the Logos and Taglines are trademarks of Nalco Company
Ecolab is a trademark of Ecolab USA, Inc, ©2012 Ecolab USA, Inc All Rights Reserved 09/2012
Temple Square and the Great Salt Lake are two of Salt Lake City’s most popular attractions.
Photo credit: Douglas Pulsipher.
Salt Lake City is situated on land once covered by the prehistoric Lake Bonneville.
Photo credit: Steve Greenwood
NEWS IN BRIEF
BP HAS AGREED TO SELL ITS
266,000-bpd Carson refnery in Cali-
fornia and related logistics and mar-
keting assets in the region to Tesoro
for $2.5 billion in cash. The deal
value includes the estimated value
of hydrocarbon inventories and is
subject to post-closing adjustments.
The company noted that the sale is
part of a previously announced plan
to reshape BP’s US fuels business.
BP also plans to sell its Texas City
refnery, in order to focus on its three
northern US refneries, which the
company says are “feedstock ad-
vantaged.” Subject to regulatory and
other approvals, Tesoro will acquire
the Los Angeles-area refnery as well
as the associated logistics network of
pipelines and storage terminals and
the ARCO-branded retail market-
ing network in Southern California,
Arizona and Nevada. The sale also
includes BP’s interests in associated
cogeneration and coke calcining op-
erations. The sale is expected to close
before mid-2013.
KBR AND SHELL GLOBAL SOLUTIONS
plan to expand their hydroprocessing
technology alliance. In addition to hy-
drocracking and hydrotreating, KBR
will now market, sell and provide
technology and design packages for
Shell’s deep-fash, high-vacuum unit
distillation and thermal conversion
technologies. KBR said the new alli-
ance terms will help refnery operators
that want to improve their distillation
performance to optimize assets, mini-
mize expenditures and capital invest-
ment and debottleneck operations. •
18 Sunday/Monday, September 30/October 1, 2012 American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers | 2012 Q&A and Technology Forum
COMPANY LOCATION DAY
Advanced Refining Technology Riviera Monday, Tuesday
Air Produts and Technip Suite ____ Tuesday
Albermarle Envoy Monday
Axens North America Tuscany Monday, Tuesday
BASF Savoy Monday, Tuesday
CB&I/Lummus Technology Grand Ballroom D Monday
Champion Technologies Fontainbleau Monday, Tuesday
Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. LP/Reactor Resources Suite ____ Monday
Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. LP/Reactor Resources Vienna Tuesday
Criterion Catalysts & Technologies Vienna Monday
Dorf Ketal Chemicals LLC Suite ____ Monday
The Dow Chemical Company Venice Monday
Dupont Audubon Sunday, Monday, Tuesday
Emerson Process Management Provence Monday, Tuesday
GE Water & Process Technologies Milano Sunday, Monday
Grace Catalysts Technologies Riviera Monday, Tuesday
Haldor Topsoe, Inc. Versailles Monday, Tuesday
Johnson Matthey Belvedere Sunday, Monday, Tuesday
Norton Engineering Consultants/Alden Labs Grenoble Monday, Tuesday
Technip Stone & Webster Process Technology Hermitage Monday, Tuesday
UOP, A Honeywell Company Sussex Sunday, Monday, Tuesday
HOSPITALITY DIRECTORY
EXHIBITION HOURS
Monday
Lunch/ Tabletop Exhibition Open
12–2 p.m.
Reception/ Tabletop Exhibition Open
5:15–6:30 p.m.
Tuesday
Lunch/ Tabletop Exhibition Open
12–2 p.m.
LIST OF EXHIBITORS
Advanced Refining
Technologies ........................... 13/14
Albemarle Corporation .........................9
Applied Instrument Technologies ...... 20
Apprion ............................................ 31
Arkema, Inc. ..................................... 42
Baker Hughes ................................... 40
BASF ........................................... 33/34
Cameron Process Systems ............... 39
CB&I / Lummus Technology .............. 19
Champion Technologies, Inc. ............ 46
CHEP—Catalyst & Chemical
Containers ................................... 27
Chevron Phillips Chemical
Company ........................................3
Criterion Catalysts & Technologies .... 24
Crystaphase Products, Inc. ............... 37
Daily Thermetrics Corp. .................... 17
Dorf Ketal Chemicals, LLC ...................8
The Dow Chemical Company ............ 30
DuPont ............................................. 45
Electronic Data, Inc. (edi) .....................7
Emerson Process Management ........ 38
Eurecat U.S. ...................................... 43
ExperTune Inc. .................................. 18
Foster Wheeler USA .......................... 32
Gayesco, L.L.C. ....................................6
GE Water & Process Technologies ..... 12
Grace Catalysts Technologies ........... 15
Gulf Chemical & Metallurgical Corp. .. 10
Haverly Systems, Inc. ....................... 48
Hunter Buildings & Manufacturing .... 22
Innovatia Inc. .......................................2
Intertek PARC ................................... 29
Invensys Operations Management .......1
KBR .................................................. 21
Lubrizol Corporation ......................... 23
Merichem Company ............................5
Nalco Energy Services ................. 35/36
Process Instruments, Inc .................. 41
Saint-Gobain NorPro ......................... 25
Siemens Energy, Inc. ...........................4
Spiral Sofware Limited ..................... 28
Technip Stone & Webster
Process Technology ..................... 11
Thermo Fisher Scientific ................... 26
TRACERCO ....................................... 44
TriStar Global Energy Solutions ......... 16
Wood Group Mustang ....................... 47
TABLETOP EXHIBITORS
Imperial ballroom
Imperial ballroom reception
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
37
39 40
38
Entrance
41 42
43
45 46
44
47 48
Food and
lounge area
Food and
lounge area
Food and
lounge area
Annual Meeting                                              
March 17 – 19                                                   
Marriott Rivercenter                                     
San Antonio, TX                                               
 
International
Petrochemical
Conference
March 24 – 26
Grand Hyatt San Antonio
San Antonio, TX
Security Conference
and Exhibition
April 15 – 17
Hilton Palacio del Rio
San Antonio, TX
National Occupational
& Process Safety
Conference and
Exhibition
May 14 – 15
Woodlands Waterway
Marriott
The Woodlands, TX
 
Labor Relations/
Human Resources
Conference
May 22 – 23
Orlando World Center
Marriott
Orlando, FL
 
Reliability &
Maintenance
Conference and
Exhibition
May 21 – 24
Orlando World Center
Marriott
Orlando, FL
Q&A and Technology
Forum and
Environmental
Conference
October 2013
Dates and locations
coming soon!
MARK YOUR
CALENDAR TODAY
FOR THE CONFERENCES
THAT WILL HELP
YOUR BUSINESS
SUCCEED TOMORROW.
AFPM 2013 Conference Schedule
afpm.org
limiting factors love
limitless possibilities
Overcome limiting factors affecting refnery capacity and
operating fexibility with BASF innovative FCC products,
services and solutions. Our products deliver value to
enhance sustainability and performance.
At BASF, we create chemistry for a sustainable future.

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