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SUMMARY Recent Trends in International Migration International Migration is the movement of people across state boundaries in order to search

for a livelihood better employment or other reasons. It can be of temporary or permanent in nature. Migrants can be settlers, contract workers, students, irregular workers, professionals or refugees. Reasons for migration: Pull and Push Factors Push and Pull factors are forces that can either induce people to move to a new location or oblige them to leave old residences; they can be economic, political, cultural, and environmentally based. Few examples of pull factors are improvement in standard of living, better health care, employment opportunities, urbanization, higher wages, and quality of education, no social compulsions and quality of life. Fe examples of push factors are population pressure, poor infrastructure, inadequate education and jobs, ecological problems natural disasters, social compulsions etc. Trends: About 3% (214 million) of the worlds population are international migrants; the country with the largest amount of immigrants is the United States. Asia, Latin America and Africa have net-out migration. North America, Europe and Oceania have net-in migration. The three largest flows of migrants are to Europe from Asia, to North America from Asia and from Latin America. The Global pattern reflects the importance of migration from less developed countries to more developed countries. The highest percentage of immigrants can be found in the Middle East, about of the regions total population is an immigrant somewhere else. Women account for 49 per cent of global migrants In 2008, remittance flows are estimated at USD 444 billion worldwide, USD 338 billion of which went to developing countries. There are roughly 20 to 30 million unauthorized migrants worldwide, comprising around 10 to 15 per cent of the world's immigrant stock. Today there are 16 million refugees worldwide. Migration flows have shifted in recent years with changing poles of attraction for labour migration. International migrants are spread up to 60 % in more developed regions. Impact: International migration has an impact on the sending and receiving countries in terms of stock of migrants and remittances. It ultimately is an advantage in terms of deployment of human capital where required however should be monitored and assisted. IOM: The International Organisation on migration (IOM) recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement. It works on broad areas of migration management that includes migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, forced migration. India: Migration has affected India in net increase in remittances helping balance of payments at the same time creating a reputation for India for the migrating people.