How to Increase Your Odds for A Successful Trend Trade

Greg Capra
Sponsored by Mastertrader Live Presentation Starts at 3:30 PM Chicago Time
DISCLAIMER: Futures and options trading are speculative and involve risk of loss. The information in this seminar is taken from sources believed to be reliable. It is intended for information and education only and is not guaranteed by the CBOT as to accuracy, completeness, nor any trading result. It is not intended as investment advice, nor does CBOT endorse or support any product or service represented in the presentation. The views and opinions offered by individuals or their associated firms in interactive seminars are solely those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent the views of the Chicago Board of Trade. The Rules & Regulations of the CBOT remain the authoritative source on all current contract specifications & regulations. "Dow Jones," "The Dow," "Dow Jones Industrial Average," and "DJIA" are service marks of Dow Jones & Company, Inc. and have been licensed for use for certain purposes by the Board of Trade of the City of Chicago (CBOT). The CBOT's futures and futures-options contracts based on the Dow Jones Industrial Average are not sponsored, endorsed, sold, or promoted by Dow Jones, and Dow Jones makes no representation regarding the advisability of trading in such products. Information provided is taken from sources believed to be reliable but is not guaranteed as to its accuracy or completeness. The Rules and Regulations of the Chicago Board of Trade should be consulted as the authoritative source for information, rules, and contract specifications.

An Introduction To Trading the mini DOW with the Pristine Method®

PRESENTED BY GREG CAPRA PRESIDENT AND CEO OF PRISTINE CAPITAL HOLDINGS WWW.PRISTINE.COM

www.pristine.com

Disclaimer
It should not be assumed that the methods, techniques, or indicators presented in this book and seminar will be profitable or that they will not result in losses. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results. Examples in this book and seminar are for educational purposes only. This is not a solicitation of any order to buy or sell. “HYPOTHETICAL OR SIMULATED PERFORMANCE RESULTS HAVE CERTAIN INHERENT LIMITATIONS. UNLIKE AN ACTUAL PERFORMANCE RECORD, SIMULATED RESULTS DO NOT REPRESENT ACTUAL TRADING. ALSO, SINCE THE TRADES IN THIS BOOK and SEMINAR HAVE NOT ACTUALLY BEEN EXECUTED, THE RESULTS WE STATE MAY HAVE UNDER OR OVER COMPENSATED FOR THE IMPACT, IF ANY, OF CERTAIN MARKET FACTORS, SUCH AS LACK OF LIQUIDITY. SIMULATED TRADING PROGRAMS IN GENERAL ARE ALSO SUBJECT TO THE FACT THAT THEY ARE DESIGNED WITH THE BENEFIT OF HINDSIGHT. NO REPRESENTATION IS BEING MADE THAT ANY ACCOUNT WILL OR IS LIKELY TO ACHIEVE PROFITS OR LOSSES SIMILAR TO THOSE SHOWN.” The authors and publisher assume no responsibilities for actions taken by readers. The authors and publisher are not providing investment advice. The authors and publisher do not make any claims, promises, or guarantees that any suggestions, systems, trading strategies, or information will result in a profit, loss, or any other desired result. All readers and seminar attendees assume all risk, including but not limited to the risk of trading losses. Day Trading can result in large losses and may not be an activity suitable for everyone. Copyright © 1994-2007 by Pristine Capital Holdings, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher.
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Combining Support and Resistance, Market Internals, Trends and Price Patterns for high probability trades.
Sponsored by The Chicago Board of Trade and MasterTrader.com
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TREND TRADE PLAN
The Plan for trading the mini-sized Dow (YM)
Define the “reference points” of support and resistance or, more importantly the lack thereof. Define the market environment each day with market internals. Define the current trend or lack thereof. Trade when a predefined price pattern forms in alignment with the above. Money Management
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SUPPORT and RESISTANCE
Actual Support and Resistance
Prior price highs and lows, e.g., pivots A series of price bars, e.g., a base An unfilled gap between price bars

Subjective Support and Resistance
Fib Retracements-Extensions Trading Bands or Envelopes Moving Averages Trendlines
These analysis tools are used by many to locate or predict support or resistance. The only real support or resistance is price. This Pristine Capital Holdings, Inc. the key to objective analysis.
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SUPPORT and RESISTANCE
Price support and resistance reference points tell us where others are likely to act (buy-sell) or react (take stops). When those points are far apart, the odds are that prices will trend toward those points when internals are supporting.

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SUPPORT and RESISTANCE
When price support (demand) and resistance (supply) are in a range, trend trading does not work.
Breakout failures have “shock value” that overcome demand

Void Distance Void
Prior support, as well as market internals, guide us to the odds of potential trend reversals. Most trends end once they become climactic based on emotional extremes.
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SUPPORT and RESISTANCE
Retracement levels, moving averages, and/or trendlines did not stop this move lower.

Trends like this one occur when there are few price reference points of support with market internals in alignment. The distance to those points and there size will indicate their potency as support.
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Why Use Market Internals
Market Internals provide an objective comparison between the current market environment and past based on historical references. Market Internals act as “gauges” to determine the broader market’s current level of strength, weakness and sentiment. Market Internal readings should be read in combination with each other. One internal gauge alone may be misleading. Market Internals guide our bias – Bullish – Bearish – Neutral. This stops us from projecting our own bias that may be influenced by our wishes, fear or greed at the moment.
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Market Internals
Intra-day Internals
NYSE TICK NYSE TRIN NYSE Advance-Decline Line NYSE Advance-Decline Volume 5-MA of the NYSE TRIN NYSE VIX 10-MA of the NYSE TRIN DOW TIKI Closing NYSE TRIN Buy and Sell programs Closing DOW TICKI Total Put/Call Ratio
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End-of-day Internals
McClellan Oscillator Advancing Stocks Ratio Advancing Volume Ratio VIX and VIX Oscillator Equity Put/Call Ratio Total Put/Call Ratio OEX Put/Call Ratio Sentiment Surveys

THE TICK
TICK Guidelines:
The TICK is used to determine very short-term changes in market momentum. Trading ranges above 0 indicate a Bullish Bias. Trading ranges below 0 indicate a Bearish Bias. Extreme TICK readings (+ 1000, - 1000) suggest a short-term turn, but consistent readings between + 600 and + 1000 are very bullish, and vice versa. Divergences, or a non-conformation of price highs or lows, and TICK highs and lows, indicate relative strength or weakness, signaling a potential trend change. Confirmation of price highs or lows by TICK highs or lows suggests continuation.
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NYSE TICK
TICK spending time between +, - 600 is neutral. This is a scalper’s market!

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NYSE TICK
New high and extreme! Breakouts in YM should go higher after a pullback! TICK staying well above zero and moving to extremes, very bullish.

TICK Support TICK often stays at a high level when prices trend higher. Trend traders should use this as a guide to hold onto longs.
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NYSE TICK
Resistance at extremes. Don’t sell or sell short based on this information alone!

TICK spending most of the time above zero and between + 600 and + 1000, very bullish. Support When the TICK pulls back, ideally near the zero line, consider longs.
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NYSE TICK
TICK spends most time below zero, bearish. Lower Highs HHs

HLs LLs Below -600 to -1000, very bearish. While bounces do occur from -1000, avoid longs, unless climactic.

HH-HL TICK, environment changing
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YM & NYSE TICK
TICK extremes can indicate a bottom, as well as confirm an upward move. While Tick extremes suggest a stall in an uptrend, trends typically do not end until prices reach a point of price resistance. Stars show bullish price-tick action.

TICK divergences can lead a turn in YM, but the most reliable signals will come when prices are also in an area of price support or resistance.

Bullish Divergence

TICK Support
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THE TRIN
TRIN Guidelines:
Readings above 1.00 indicates more volume is associated with declining stocks. Readings below 1.00 indicate more volume is associated with advancing stocks. The TRIN’s trend is as important as the current value. A TRIN rising from 1.2 towards 2.0 indicates a more bearish market than one rising from .55 to 1.0. Declining from 1.2 to .50 is a more bullish environment than one declining from 2.3 towards 1.5. A sideways TRIN is associated with its level. While a Rising trend is Bearish and a Declining trend is Bullish. This guide alone can be incomplete; therefore, a deeper understanding of the TRIN is needed.
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NYSE TRIN
YM’s range contracts once YM and TRIN are in sync.
YM Ri , ng si RI T N g lin fal

Sideways, TRIN rising. Note wide range bars

Range expands after YM is rising for two hours!

TRIN does not always trend opposite YM
Below 1, but rising

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NYSE TRIN
This chart tells us that the market can rise while the TRIN is rising, so there must be more to this indicator.

TRIN is below 1, so bullish, but rising bearish. Volume is increasing into decliners.

TRIN below 1 and flat to declining. Bullish, but this does not truly give a complete picture of the environment.

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THE TRIN
TRIN is an excellent market internal indicator, but can be misleading at times, if you don’t know how to interpret it. By viewing the TRIN’s components, it provides a deeper understanding of the TRIN and its use.
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THE TRIN
How is it calculated?
(Advancing Stocks / Declining Stocks) / (Advancing Volume / Declining Volume)

Advancing Stocks - 1715 /
+ 1187

Advancing Volume - 1222310 /
+ 48416

Declining Stocks - 528

Declining Volume - 738894

3.25

Divided by Equals a 1.97 TRIN

1.654

Although this TRIN indicates a bearish environment, this TRIN value alone is misleading. The numbers calculated are not bearish. 22

THE TRIN
How is it calculated?
(Advancing Stocks / Declining Stocks) / (Advancing Volume / Declining Volume)

Advancing Stocks - 576 /
-1081

Advancing Volume - 1222310 /
- 632810

Decliners Stocks - 1657

Declining Volume - 1855120

.349

Divided by Equals a .53 TRIN

.659

Although this TRIN indicates a bullish environment, this TRIN value alone is misleading. The calculated numbers are not bullish. 23

ADVANCE – DECLINE LINE
The Advance – Decline line measures the number of stocks that are advancing verses declining. When more are advancing, the lines rises; more declining, the line falls. The A-D line does not consider how much each stock has moved or how much volume is associated with advancers or decliners, so its information is not complete. That said, the advance - decline line, when added to other market internals, does provide a complete picture of what is occurring in the market.
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ADVANCE – DECLINE LINE
General A-D Line Guidelines:
A rising A-D line indicates the number stocks advancing vs. declining is increasing

A declining A-D line indicates the number stocks declining vs. advancing is increasing

An A-D line between + / - 500 is neutral, but follow its trend

The higher an A-D line rises, the more bullish. Values above + 500 are decisive

The lower an A-D line falls, the more bearish. Values below - 500 are decisive

Readings of + or - 1000 and greater are ideal for a trend to continue

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ADVANCE – DECLINE LINE
Set horizontal lines at every 500 increments
Flat at neutral level means the market is choppy. Good for scalpers, but not trend traders.

Now the market is getting ugly. Don’t fight the trend!

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ADVANCE – DECLINE LINE
Although the A-D is still at a negative level, it is improving.

Although this was at a very bearish level, the trend turned up. Now look at the TICK to see if it moved to a more bullish level. Market environments change!
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ADVANCE – DECLINE LINE

The trend is up and the level is bullish, don’t short. Hold those longs. It’s very likely that the TICK was hitting high extremes (+1000). That’s bullish with this A-D Line, and not a reason to exit long positions.

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ADVANCING – DECLINING VOLUME
Advancing volume is the volume in stocks trading above yesterday’s close. Declining Volume is the volume in stocks trading below yesterday’s close. The Advance – Decline Volume Line measures the advancing volume minus declining. When more is advancing, the lines rises; more declining, the line falls. When the A-D Volume Line is added to other market internals, it provides a complete picture of what is occurring in the market.
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ADVANCING – DECLINING VOLUME
General A-D Volume Guidelines:
A rising A-D Volume line indicates advancing vol. vs. declining vol. is increasing

A declining A-D Vol. line indicates advancing vol. vs. declining vol. is decreasing

An A-D Vol. line near the 0 area or + / - 150000k is neutral

An A-D vol. value above + 200000k and rising is decisively bullish

An A-D vol. value below – 200000k and declining is decisively bearish

Readings greater than + or – 200000k, and trending are ideal for a trend to continue

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ADVANCING – DECLINING VOLUME
er yb ul lis hl ev els

Sideways at a bullish level.

Maintain a bullish bias, but be open to change if internals and YM’s trend suggest change.

Ri si

ng

ra

pid ly at v

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ADVANCING – DECLINING VOLUME
Bearish, but at a neutral level. Check other internal gauges for guidance.

A-D Volume is declining and declining rapidly to lower levels.

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ADVANCING – DECLINING VOLUME
Check other internals for guidance

A-D Volume is rising, but rising slowly at

neutral levels. This indicates a slightly bullish market, but not a decisive one.

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COMBINING MARKET INTERNALS
Conflict Agreement

A-D Volume

NYSE TRIN NYSE TICK

A-D Line
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COMBINING MARKET INTERNALS
Conflict Agreement

A-D Volume

NYSE TRIN NYSE TICK

A-D Line
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COMBINING MARKET INTERNALS
Bullish Market Environment TICKS 0 to +1000 with many ticks + 600 to + 1000 are key TRIN declining, ideally below 1.0, or sideways below .50 A-D line rising, ideally above + 500 A-D Volume rising, ideally above + 200000 Bearish Market Environment TICKS 0 to -1000 with many ticks - 600 to - 1000 are key TRIN rising, ideally above 1.0, or sideways above 1.2 A-D line falling, ideally below - 500 A-D Volume falling, ideally below - 200000 Neutral Market Environment TICKS between - 600 to + 600, or oscillating in that area. TRIN sideways, ideally between .90 to 1.05 A-D line sideways, ideally between – 500 to + 500 A-D Volume sideways, ideally between - 200000 to + 200000

These are ideal scenarios, and they can and do occur. But realize that there are many combinations of levels and trends. Experience will teach how to combine and interpret them.
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DEFINING a TREND and TREND CHANGES
If there is a “Void” of price reference points (support – resistance), the odds are high that a trend will develop when market internals are supporting. To take advantage of this, an objective method of trend analysis is needed. Moving average crossovers, Trendline breaks and/or Fibonacci retracements are all subjective and potentially misleading as methods of trend analysis. By simply monitoring pivotal price points, as the market forms them, we can objectively follow the market’s trend. This method will also signal trend changes in the time frame being viewed.
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DEFINING a TREND and TREND CHANGES
?
All price pivot lows begin with higher low (HL) bars adjacent to
HL HL HL

both sides of the “pivot bar.”

Demand has increased

?

All price pivot highs begin with

The next bar will determine if a pivotal lower high (LH) bars adjacent to point of significance has formed.
both sides of the “pivot bar.”
Supply has increased
LH LH LH

?
For a change in trend to occur, a prior price pivot must be overcome on a closing basis.

?

It cannot happen any other way!
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DEFINING a TREND and TREND CHANGES

YM never traded above a prior pivot high within this trend.

While pivot lows formed (support), a down trend within a void, with supporting internals, suggests that they can be overcome.
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DEFINE A PRICE PATTERN
Trading is psychological to a great extent. Let’s use that to our advantage through technical analysis. Price patterns are pictures of psychology in motion. Have you ever bought a breakout or shorted a breakdown? Have any of those breakouts or breakdowns ever failed? How did it make you feel, think and what did you do?

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DEFINE A PRICE PATTERN
Breakout Failure Breakout Failure

A breakout failure catches buyers on the wrong side of the prevailing trend. This typically results in a continuation of the trend soon afterward. Short under the failure bar’s low, stop 2 ticks above its high.
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TREND and all INTERNALS in AGREEMENT
Breakout Failures are not taken. The trend and internals are bullish.
Vol. Line is bullish TRIN is bullish

A-D Line is bullish

TICK is bullish

Breakdown Failure signals a buy with bullish trend and internals.

With all internals in agreement at bullish levels and a bullish trend, the odds are high that the breakdown failure pattern will result in a continuation of the prevailing bullish trend.

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FINAL THOUGHTS
Price patterns are pictures of the thoughts, expectations and emotions of the traders that formed them. When those pictures tell you that others have been caught on the wrong side of the trend and market internals, you have an opportunity to take advantage of it. Odds of similar patterns repeating an outcome in exactly the same way are low. That said, pattern recognition does suggest a similar outcome. Accept the fact that you do not know what will happen next. The odds will be on your side, if you have a method of trading that you have internalized, have confidence in – and, of course, have the discipline to follow.

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