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European Union Studies

(KTE10220-K3, INHK931E, TTBE0030-K1-EN)

Szabolcs Psztor Assistant lecturer Department of World Economy and International Relations E-mail:

European Union Studies

BA in MBA 6th semester, Erasmus BA III 6th semester, Electrical Engineering BSc 3rd semester, full-time training 2 + 0, 2/3 credits 2013/14 Autumn semester, Wednesday 12 p.m. 2 p.m in C/9

The Lecturer

Szabolcs Psztor
DE-KTK, Building C, Room 8 (C/8) Tel.: (52) 416-580-77049 E-mail: Office hours: Tuesday 11.00 a.m. 12.00 p.m., Thursday 1.00 p.m. 2.00 p.m. (Writing an e-mail is highly recommended before coming!)

The Aim of the Course

Surveying the European Unions evolution from the Rome Treaty to the present, the course captures the full story of Europes ongoing integration, its changing identity, and its increasing importance as a global actor

in the 21st century.

The Aim of the Course

The course consists of the history, institutions and policies of the European Union, lays out the major elements of the European integration and explain how the European Union functions.

Mid-term requirements
Max. 3 absences, Continuous participation in the lectures and involvement in the discussions

End-term requirements
Written exam at the end of the semester 3 exam possibilities

Written exam at the end of the semester (100%) Final evaluation: 059% failed (1), 6069% acceptable (2), 7079% medium (3), 8089% good (4), 90100% excellent (5)

Compulsory reading
Horvath, Z. (2011): Handbook on the European Union. 4th edition, HVG-Orac Lapkiad Kft, Budapest. Birol A. Yesilada David M. Wood (2010): The

Emerging European Union, 5th edition, LongmanPearson, Washington.

Compulsory reading

Further readings
Dinan, D. (2010): Ever Closer Union An Introduction to European Integration. 4th edition, Palgrave Macmillan, London. Blanke, H. J. Mangiameli, S. (Eds.) (2012): The

European Union after Lisbon. Springer-Verlag,

Berlin Heidelberg.

Further readings
Ott, A. Vos, E. (Eds.) (2009): Fifty Years of European Integration: Foundations and Perspectives. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague. Baldwin, R. Wyplosz, C. (2009): The Economics

of European Integration. 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill,

London. The official website of the EU:

Useful links
EU Bookshop: EU Single Market: Eurostat: European Commission:

Course outline I
Introduction History and Development of European Integration I History and Development of European Integration II The Institutional Structure of the European Union

The Unions Competences, Decision-making and

Legislation in the EU, EU Law

Course outline II
The Internal Market and the Four Freedoms The Budget of the EU, Competition Policy, Consumer Policy, Public Health Policy, Cultural and Audiovisual Policy

The Economic and Monetary Union, The Common

Agricultural Policy and the Common Fisheries Policy

Course outline III

The Common Transport Policy and Trans-European Networks, Regional Policy Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion in the EU

Education, Vocational Training, Youth and Sport

Policies, Employment and Social Policy

Course outline IV
Industrial and Enterprise Policy, Research and Technological Development Policy, Energy Policy,

Environmental Policy
Justice and Home Affairs in the European Union, The External Policies of the European Union Enlargement policy

The algorithm of the lectures

1. Introduction: Europe vs. USA 2. History of the EU: Treaties, people, dates 3. Institutions Triangle, agencies and other 5. Internal market and common policies: Diffent policies 4. Law and Decisionmaking: Process, participants institutions

Todays lecture (18th September 2013) The USA and Europe (European Union)

You are going to hear about

Some important facts on Europe and the European Union

The main differences between Europe and the USA

How competitive the EU is in comparison with the USA


The EU 508 million people, 28 countries

The EU symbols
The European flag The European anthem

Europe Day, 9 May

The motto: United in diversity

24 official languages

Enlargement: from 6 to 27 countries

EU population in the world

EU area compared to the RoW

How rich is the EU in the world?

GDP per inhabitant in the EU

How big are the EU-countries?

How many people live in the EU?

Europe and the USA

Two Different Social Models

General government expenditures, % of GDP, 2000

Government expenditures on social programs, % of GDP, 1998

Government subsidies and transfers, % of GDP, 1870-1998

Linguistic fractionalization

Old age dependency

Stock of migrant as % of population, 2000

Europe and the USA

Americans at Work, Europeans on Holiday

Hours worked annually, 1960-2002

Diffences of work hours compared with workd hours in the US

Distribution of 52-week year into weeks worked and not worked

No-vacation nation

Decline in hours worked weekly and the rising marginal tax rate

Percentage of hours worked annually covered by collective bargaining agreements

Average vacation time in the US along with unionization rate

Europe and the USA

Job Security, Job Regulations and 14 and more Unemployed

Unemployment rates and employment ratio

Europe and the USA

Technology, Research and Universities

State expenditures on British and Italian universities in USD

Ratios of students to faculty, 1999

Europe and the USA

Competition, Innovation, and the Myth of National Champions

Government grants to French companies

Europe and the USA

Interest Groups against Liberalization

Total cartel fines and decisions

Europe and the USA

The Juridical System and the Cost of Doing Business

Efficiency of the judicial system

Cost of legal services

Housing finance and homeownership

Time and costs regarded to open a business

Europe and the USA

A United Europe?

EU legislation by policy domain

EU legislation by policy domain

Europe and the USA

The Rhetoric of Dirigisme and Coordination

Europe and the USA

The Euro

Problems before putting in use

Europe and the USA

Budget fixes

General government expenditures, % of GDP, 2000

What does and average American think about the government?

Why is Ronald Wilson Reagan an average American?

According to Reagan

According to Reagan

According to Reagan
`I don t belive in a government that protects us from ourselves. `People dont start wars, governments do.

According to Reagan
`The best minds are not in government. If any were, business would hire them (right) away. ``The nine most terrifying words in the English are: `Im from the government and Im here to help.

Deficit to GDP ratios of the EU and US, 1975-2005

Percentage of individuals at risk of poverty, 2003

Micro level differences between the USA and Europe

American Culture
Individualism individual initiative, personal
achievement, independence, self-reliance, one s position in society is determined by one s own achievements not by status or age

Low context culture task centered, primary purpose

of communication is to exchange information

American Culture
Egaliatarianism equal right, equal obligations, equal
opportunities based on individual merit

Working practices in the USA

Punctuality Strict deadlines time is money concept Working from Monday to Friday, from 9 am to 5 pm long hours and overtime common practice

Structure and hierarchy in companies

Ranks and titles are important Final decisions are made by someone who has chief authority Personal relationships are weak

Working relationships
Personal competence, professionalism, accountability, Developing personal relationships is not important Clear distinction between colleagues and friends in

social life meeting are formal

Business practices in the USA

Begin and end a business meeting with a firm handshake Maintaining eye contact Exchanging business card (resource for further

The ultimate aim is a signed contract

Business etiquette in the USA

Addressing your partner with the title of Mr, Mrs, Dr, etc. Politeness is highly valued in the USA Participate in the small talk is vital

Business etiquette in the USA

Gift giving is discouraged or limited by many US companies

No hugging and other form of direct contact

Americans respect their privacy and personal space

The above mentioned is manifested in the American business ideas

Some interesting

business initiations

Mindezek kvetkezmnye
Heat Attack Grill


What about the EU?

Doing business in the European Union

What you have learned

Some facts on Europe and the EU The main differences between the USA and the EU

Some important aspects of competitiveness

How to compare two different countries (continents, markets, social models etc.)

Further readings
Alberto Alesina Francesco Giavazzi: Future of Europe: Reform or Decline. MIT Press, 200 p. (ISBN 978 026 251 204 6)

Next time (25 September 2013)

History and Development of European Integration I (1945-1992)

Many thanks for your attention!

Szabolcs Pasztor Assistant lecturer University of Debrecen, Department of World Economy and International Relations DE-KTK, C/8 Office hours: Tuesday 11.00 a.m. 12 p.m., Thursday 1.00 p.m. 2 p.m. E-mail: