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The amount of hot chocolate dispensed by a hot chocolate machine is normally distributed with a mean of 16 ounces and a standard

deviation of 2 ounces. (a) If the cups can hold a maximum of 18 ounces each what is the probability that a selected cup will be overfilled! (b) If the cups can hold a maximum of 18 ounces each what is the probability that a selected cup will be underfilled! (c) If the cups can hold a maximum of 18 ounces each what is the probability that a selected cup will be less than half" filled!

#nswer$ (a)
#pplyin% the formula

& ' (18 " 16) ( 2 )' 1 now will calculate *robability$ +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ *(& ' 1) ' -.8.1/..0.6 *(x 1 18) ' 1 " .8.1/ *(x 118 o&) ' .1280

12.803 probability of the cup havin% more than 18 ounces

(b)
#pplyin% the formula

& ' (18 " 16) ( 2 )' 1 now will calculate *robability$ +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ *(& ' 1) ' -.8.1/..0.6 *(x 4 18) ' .8.1/

8..1/3 probability of the cup havin% less than 18 ounces

(c)
#pplyin% the formula

)'(5"16)(2 )' "/.2 +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ *(& ' "/.2) ' -.---2/2625 *(x 4 5 o&) ' .---2

.-23 probability of the cup havin% less than 5 ounces

6uestion 7o /
# tire manufacturer claims that the lives of its tires are normally distributed 8 will last an avera%e of 6- --- miles with a 9tandard :eviation of / --- miles.6. randomly tires were selected tires were tested and the avera%e miles where the tire failed were recorded.;hat the probability that the mean miles recorded when the tires failed will e more than 25 --- miles! #nswer$
<irst calculate the standard deviation of the samplin% distribution$ This is %iven by$ =(>n ;here = is the standard deviation of the population and n is the sample si&e so$ /---(>6. ' /---(8 ' /02 #pplyin% the formula

& ' (25--- " 6----)(/02 ' "2.66 +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ 9o *(& ' "2.66) ' .--/5 ?owever the @uestion as,s for the probability over 25 --- miles so all you have to do is subtract .--/5 from 1$
*(x 1 25 ---)' 1 " .--/5 ' .5561 The probability is thus .5561 or 55.613.

6uestion 7o .
the avera%e salary of a department is A.- --- with a standard deviation of A12 ---. # sample of 22 of the employeesB salaries was selected. what is the probability that the avera%e for this sample is between A/6 --- and A.2 ---

#nswer$ #t +C;DE I7TDEF#+ +IGIT$ (/6---)


#pplyin% the formula

& '(/6--- " .----)((12---)) ' "-.260 +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ 9o *(& ' "2.60) ' ./52

#t H**DE I7TDEF#+ +IGIT$ (.2---)


#pplyin% the formula

& ' (.2--- " .----)((12---)) ' -.1// +oo, this & score up in a & distribution probability table such as this one$ 9o *(& '-.1//) ' -.22/.

The probability between /6--- and .2--- ' I ' -.22/ " -./52J'12.83.