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Computer Networks (Basics) for IBPS IT Officers Exam 201 4

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uppose you want to chat with your friend, or want to share your printer with your friend's system. Then you should connect your computer to his/ her computer. I n simple words, you are just forming a NETWORK by connecting two or more computers. These connections or arrangements are called Computer Networks. These computers in the Computer Network may attached with cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites or infrared light beams. Ther e ar e two aspects in com puter networ ks. H ar d W ar e : I t includes physical connection (using adapter, cable, router, bridge etc)

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Soft W ar e : I t includes set of protocols (nothing but a set of rules)

Basic types of Computer Networks : Local Ar ea N etwor ks ( LAN s) : These are the simple networks. A set of computers (2 or more) connected within a single building or college campus ( a few kilometres range)

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(A city. this is not a standard definition. these are limited to city or group of Nearby Offices.com/2012/02/computer-networks-basics. country and ofcourse the world). Simply we can say that a group of LANs are called a MAN (but guys.gr8ambitionz..Computer Networks (Basics) for IBPS IT Officers Exam 2014 . its jst for your understanding purpose).Gr8AmbitionZ Page 2 of 8 M etr opolitan Ar ea N etwor ks( M AN s) : These are the larger networks than LANs. W ide Ar ea N etwor ks ( W AN s) : These type of networks provides long distance transmission of data and voice. Now lets have a look at some basic differences between these three.html 12-01-2014 .. Ar ea : ⌐ LAN : Covers small area. state . ⌐ W AN : Covers large geographical area ⌐ MAN : Covers larger than LAN but smaller than WAN Er r or Rates : ⌐ LAN : Lowest ⌐ WAN : Highest ⌐ MAN : Moderate Tr ansm ission speed : ⌐ LAN : High Speed http://www. it contains HOST and collection of machines.

Ring Topology : I n line topology if we connected the last system to the starting system. Good Day. then it is called as the TREE TOPOLOGY Bus Topology : I f we connect several computers to a back bone (A wire) then it is called as the BUS TOPOLOGY. its hardly costs nothing (almost) to connect them with each other) ⌐ WAN : Uses most expensive equipment (Connecting systems via internet) ⌐ MAN : Uses moderately expensive equipment ( Connecting two systems in different buildings) Till now we have discussed about the types of Networks. then please Tell your friends about us. if you have two systems. Star Topology : I f we connect several computers to a central hub (system) then it is called as the STAR TOPOLOGY. Thanks in Advance http://www. Line Topology : I f we connect several computers in a line then it is called as the LI NE TOPOLOGY Tr eee Topology : I f we connect several systems in a hierarchical order.com/2012/02/computer-networks-basics. Thats all for today friends. Fully Connected : I n a Network if everysystem is connected with all the remaining systems then it is called as the Fully Connected topology.Gr8AmbitionZ Page 3 of 8 ⌐ WAn : Low Speed ⌐ MAN : Moderate speed Cost : ⌐ LAN : Uses inexpensive equipment (i mean. then it is called as the Ring topology..html 12-01-2014 . N etwor k Topology : A network Topology is the method or process which tells us about how to connect the Systems. There are several types of Topologies are there. see the diagram) then it is called as the Mesh Topology. Assume that the above green dots are computers.Computer Networks (Basics) for IBPS IT Officers Exam 2014 . we shall discuss about the OSI Architecture.. Please Help us reach More Aspirants.... Now we shall discuss about HOW should we connect them. Read about OSI M OD EL her e sponsored links JG LI U G RF G L " 4L @ K K3D PTD R S' Q H D M CR If you feel our efforts useful. Tomorrow.gr8ambitionz.. M esh Topology : I f we connect several systems with each other (There is no necessity that one system should connect with all the remaining systems in the network.

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