DEGREE EXAMINATION, May/JUNE 2009
First Semester
Civil Engineering
MA2111 – MATHEMATICS – I
(Common to all branches of B.E./B.Tech. )
(Regulation 2008)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
PART A – (10 x 2 = 20 marks)
1. If the sum of two eigen values and trace of a 3 X 3 matrix A are equal, Find the value of A .
2. Use Cayley – Hamilton theorem to find
( )
4 3 2
4 5 2 A A A A I ÷ ÷ + + when
1 2
4 3
A
 
=

\ .
.
3. Find the equation of the sphere having the points ( ) 2, 3, 4 ÷ and ( ) 1, 5, 7 ÷ as the ends of a diameter.
4. Find the equation of the cone whose vertex is the origin and guiding curve is
2 2 2
1, 1
4 9 1
x y z
x y z + + = + + = .
5. Write down the formula for Radius of curvature in terms of Parametric Coordinates System.
6. Find the envelope of the curve
a
y mx
m
= + where mis parameter.
7. If
3 2 2 3
u x y x y = + where
2
x at = and 2 y at = then find
du
dt
?
8. If
2 2
2 , , cos , sin u xy v x y x r y r u u = = ÷ = = then compute
( , )
( , )
u v
r u
c
c
?
9. Evaluate ( )
1
0
x
x
xy x y dxdy +
} }
.
10. Evaluate
2 2
C
x dy y dx ( +
¸ ¸ }
where C is the path y x = from ( ) 0, 0 to ( ) 1,1 .
PART B – (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11. (a) (i) Use Cayley – Hamilton theorem to find the value of the matrix given by
8 7 6 5 4 3 2
5 7 3 5 8 2 A A A A A A A A I ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + ÷ + , if the matrix
2 1 1
0 1 0
1 1 2
A
 

=


\ .
.
(ii) Find the eigen values and eigen vectors for the matrix
2 2 3
2 1 6
1 2 0
A
÷ ÷  

= ÷


÷ ÷
\ .
.
Or
(b) Reduce the quadratic form
2 2 2
1 2 3 1 2 2 3
2 2 2 x x x x x x x + + ÷ + to the Canonical form through an
orthogonal transformation and hence show that is positive semi definite. Also given a non – zero set
of values
( )
1 2 3
, , x x x which makes this quadratic form zero.
12. (a) (i) Find the equations of the spheres which pass through the circle
2 2 2
5 x y z + + = and
2 3 3 x y z + + = and touch the plane 4 3 15 x y + = .
(ii) Find the equation of the right circular cone generated by revolving the line
0, 0 x y z = ÷ = about the axis 0, 2 x z = = .
Or
(b) (i) Show that the plane 2 2 12 0 x y z ÷ + + = touches the sphere
2 2 2
2 4 2 3 x y z x y z + + ÷ ÷ + = and find also the point of contact.
(ii) Find the equation of the cone whose vertex is ( ) 1, 2, 3 and whose guiding curve is the
circle
2 2 2
4, 1 x y z x y z + + = + + = .
13. (a) (i) Find the radius of curvature at the point ( ) 0, c on the curve cosh
x
y c
c
 
=

\ .
.
(ii) Obtain the equation of the evolute of the curve ( ) cos sin x a u u u = + ,
( ) sin cos y a u u u = ÷ .
Or
(b) (i) Find the radius of curvature at the point
( )
3 3
cos , sin a a u u on the curve
2/ 3 2/ 3 2/ 3
x y a + = .
(ii) Find the envelope of the straight line 1
x y
a b
+ = , where aand bare parameters that are
connected by the relation a b c + = .
14. (a) (i) Find the Taylor’s series expansion of sin
x
e yat the point
( ) 1, / 4 t ÷ up to the third degree
terms.
(ii) If , ,
x y z
u f
y z x
(
=
(
¸ ¸
, prove that 0
u u u
x y z
x y z
c c c
+ + =
c c c
.
Or
(b) (i) Examine the function ( ) ( )
3 2
, 12 f x y x y x y = ÷ ÷ for extreme values.
(ii) Find the volume of the greatest rectangular parallelepiped inscribed in the ellipsoid whose
equation is
2 2 2
2 2 2
1
x y z
a b c
+ + = .
15. (a) (i) Change the order of integration in
2 2
0
a y
a
a y
ydxdy
÷
÷
} }
and then evaluate it.
(ii) Express
( )
2
3/ 2
2 2
0
a a
y
x dxdy
x y +
} }
in polar coordinates and then evaluate it.
Or
(b) (i) Evaluate
( ) ( )
2 3 3 2
3 3
C
xy y dx x xy dy
(
+ + +
¸ ¸
}
where C is the parabola
2
4 y ax = from
( ) 0, 0 to ( ) , 2 a a .
(ii) Evaluate
log2
0 0 0
x y x
x y z
e dxdydz
+
+ +
} } }
.