The Pathway to Highest Blessedness

by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura

Bimala Prasada Dutta (Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)

Two ways are found in the world in order to earn knowledge about some particular object. One is to make an attempt for it with the help of our experience about the world; the other is that, realizing the inefficiency of the worldly experience, we should entirely surrender ourselves to the personage who has come down from the realm to which the re uired knowledge relates, and ac uire it from him through the ear. !ome one many "sic# uestion$ %&hen we are inhabitants of this world, how, after fully relin uishing our experience about it, can we take refuge with some super'mortal being() *n answer it is to be said that it will not do to get afraid of the difficulty; to know the truth, there should be a great strength of mind. +ou will not learn how to swim, if, seeing the water, you get afraid. !elf'surrender is not a very difficult thing$ that is rather very natural and easy for the soul. &hatever is contrary to self'surrender, is rather unnatural and difficult. *f we want to learn about ,od, we will have to learn from -is agent. &hen we listen to him, we must stop all our experience about the world and all misleading argumentations. *t is by continually listening to the strong and forceful narratives about ,od.s glories that all the evils like of heart weakness will be li uidated. There will appear an unprecedented courage in the heart. Then will arise, in its full glow, self'surrender which is the natural virtue of the soul. Then will reveal itself in that self' surrendered heart, the self'manifested truth of the transcendental region of the fourth dimension. *t is in this way that truth can be known; there is no other way in which can be realized the real truth beyond all deceitfulness. There is a distinction between divine and mundane topics. There are two senses in which a word is used; one refers to a transformable object of the world, creating forgetfulness about ,od; and the other to an eternal object leading to the conception of an excited feeling towards ,od.s own divine realm. One ac uires fitness to take ,od.s /ames after learning from the 0charya.s mouth about the difference between ,od as the &ord of 1aikuntha or the transcendental &orld, and the mundane words of this world, limited by maya. *t is in the nature of jiva averse from ,od to cherish desires to majesty, power, knowledge, indifference to the world, fame and affluence. 2an is divested of his virtue of sub'servience to ,od and ,uru by such an enjoying mood as$ %* shall remain independent; for dependence means serving the desires of others and my own desires to enjoyment are not fully satisfied thereby.) 3ut such a jiva does not feel that these 4majesty, power, etc.5 cannot be

owned by any jiva whose constitutional nature is eternal servitorship to ,od. They can stay only in ,od. These six excellences were glorified when they stayed naturally in !hrila 6aghunatha 7asa ,oswami, for he never attempted to get them. 0ll majesty, power supernatural, etc., were under his thumb. 3ut he never hankered after these, nor was he anxious to make a display thereof, like the karmis, jnanis, yogis and tapasvis. These were gloried at the feet of !hri 6aghunatha, staying there even in an unlimited degree beyond what these people would not be lucky enough to possess, but he never did any trafficking in them; nor even did he ever make any attempt for abnegation like the pithless aspirers thereafter. 3ut the climax of the achievement of all asceticism was glorified in his person. &hy did not 6aghunatha attempt abnegation, etc. 8very jiva is anxious to get his wished'for object. This is not bad, if it centers round 9rishna. -e attains to such a status as that of 6aghunatha, who loves 9rishna a hundred' fold better than himself. *n his prayer to !hri 6adha, 6aghunatha said ":# %!omehow * have spent my life in high expectations of the ocean of nectar; if even yet you do not show kindness towards me, then what is the necessity of my life, of my residence in the 3raja or even with 9rishna() -as any one ever heard of such a climax of the attainment of abnegation( -e does not want even !hri 9rishna without the service of !hri 6adha. !uch a maximum height of abnegation is not possible for a man of this world unless he has been, like 6aghunatha, drenched with the moisture of the ,race of !hri !warupa ,oswami; none else can even explain this standard of abnegation. *s it possible for him to crave for the six terrestrial excellences as above, who does not want 9rishna even without service to 6adha( &hat an amount of service done to the highest darling of 9rishna and what a degree of the highest love felt for her can endow one with such a spirit( ,od has said ";#$ %0 truly intelligent person should shun evil company but seek association with holy saints who, with their instructions, gnaw the knot of the worldly attachments of our mind.) The meaning is that for our true well'being we should always accept the guidance of the true ,uru 4spiritual guide5 and should not be misled by pseudo'gurus. The ,uru never accepts the preyah'panthaa 4way to pleasure5, but he is a shreyah'panthi 4i.e., he follows the way to the true well'being5. -e gives others 4i.e., his disciples5 the same instruction to walk along the real path as he has received from his own ,uru, of course a true one. *f a disciple asks permission of the ,uru for drinking, he is sure to disapprove of it and never to grant it. &hen the ,uru does not indulge the disciple in his prayer for things after his mind, he may dismiss the ,uru. !uch disciples accept only the gurus that are ready to supply fuel for their sensualism. 0cceptance of a ,uru has become a fashion now'a'days, not for the disciple.s true well'being, but for getting one.s sensual pleasures approved of. !uch appointments satisfy only the social or family customs, like those of barbers and washers. 0s soon as a truth is ascertained, it should be ardently given effect to then and there. The span of our life being very short, we should not mis'spend even a moment, of what still remains, in attending to our worldly affairs but utilize it in the performance of our service to -ari. 9ing 9hattanga and 0jamila attained their highest good by spending only one muhurtha 4forty'eight minutes5 and only the time of death respectively in <ord -ari.s !erivce. -ere is an anecdote to the point. One !ivananda 3hattacharya, a !akta by faith i.e., worshipper of ,oddess 9ali or 7urga, sent his son 6amakrishna to purchase some sacrificial beasts, goats and buffaloes, and other necessary articles against the coming 7urga =uja. &hen 6amakrishna was returning home with the purchases, he met !hrila /arottama Thakura, a holy saint of the highest order, who after some instructive talk changed the youth.s mind altogether, and the latter let off the beasts to obtain initiation from the Thakura and came back empty'handed. !ivananda, expectantly looking for his son.s return with the goats and buffaloes and other articles for the 7evi.s =uja, asked him eagerly about them, seeing him return without them. !hri 6amakrishna replied that he had been blessed to have got the grace of the illustrious 1aishnava, !hrila /arottama, on which the father flared up in excessive wrath and called him a disgrace to the family for accepting one, not born in a 3rahmana family as his ,uru. /ow 6amakrishna was fortunate enough to have been roused up from the worldly mire on hearing the truth from the mouth of the Thakura 2ahasaya 4/arottama5 and to have at once given up the duties of the world as hateful and insignificant in order to be engaged in the service of -ari. &e cannot rely on the time even of a breath, for it may be the last one; so we should utilise even this moment for attaining our true well'being, for which we should not listen to any one of this world who may give us contrary advice. *n the 3hagavatam "># ,od, as 6ishbha 7eva, teaches us thus$ %&e are encompassed by death and whoever does not deliver us from it cannot be obeyed as our well'wisher, let him or her be the ,uru 4like !ukracharya to 3ali5, or a near relative 4like 6avana to 1ibhishana5, or the father 4like -iranyakasipu to =radlada5, or the mother 4like 9aikeyi to 3harata5, or a god 4like

affliction. %* am the <ord.od. &ho is the truly "?# learned man( -e who in the words of .s 7hama 40bodes5 and . "C# %0n en uirer after the highest well'being should surrender himself to a .od. !uch was the case with !hri 6amakrishna 3hattacharya who wisely courted his father. /o being can extricate himself from wrong understandings due to maya without doing service to !hri /ama 47ivine /ame5. The !hri @haitanya @haritamrita has taught us$ %0 true . of .od. Those who attend to the service of . 0 person anxious for his true well'being should never come in contact with such professional readers and thereby court their own downfall. concerning body. he deceives others.s certain displeasure to secure his true well'being. skilled in speeches only. men can get rid of all prejudices and be settled in the service of 9rishna'7esires 49rishna 9ama !eva5. &ho is the true . one can save oneself from the serious .od5.od. Brom 7harma'!eva one can be rid of the clutches of the tremendously dangerous doctrine. Only such a 2ahabhagavata 4great devotee of . !ee whether he devotes his time fully to 3hagavata or not.*ndra to /anda5 or a husband 4like the sacrificial 3rahman of 1raja to his wife devoted to !hri 9rishna5. 0s the result of service to !hri /ama.od5 as is a nishkinchana 4having nothing to call his own in the world5 and has sincerely surrendered himself to 9rishna or is -is exclusive servitor all the twenty'four hours of the day can legitimately occupy the 0charya. Brom whom is the 3hagavatam to be heard( The 3hagavatam is to be heard from or to be studied with a true 1aishnava. being engaged in worldly enjoyments( On the plea of discoursing the 3hagavatam.urus and listening to them as disciples. for supplying them fuel for the fire thereof( &hat do we see in the !hrimad 3hagavatam and in the conduct and preaching of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu and -is devotees( !uch people as cherish in their hearts fear. !uch non'dedicated persons cannot advise others to surrender themselves to . . with necessary articles for initiation. falsely thinking that they would get true benefit by accepting them as true . =retending to be a reader of the 3hagavatam one such leads others astray.urus. -ow can the 3hagavatam which is not different from !hri 3hagavan have a full play on the tongues of the professional readers who pose as scholars conversant in reading it before others.) "A# Brom the !hruti we get the instruction that an en uirer after the true knowledge about Tat 4. otherwise we should fail miserably in following him. 0ttributes.) The platform speakers of improper conduct. 0 stipend'holder or a contractor cannot be a .s service. -e is deceived himself and..s 7esire 49ama5 are the only persons really adorable in the world. -ow can those act as Dagad'. there are no eternal /ame. 2ajesty. This instruction has also been given in the !hrimad 3hagavatam.od.uru. friendly relation. &hen a man does not keep himself engaged all the while in -ari'bhajan 4service of -ari5.urus or true instructors of people who are busy with the maintenance of their wives and children. on account of their attachment to some second object besides -im.uru who employs cent percent of his time in .. 0ll the time of one who is steeped or accomplished in =ara'3rahman is fully occupied with the service of . The 3hagavatam cannot come out of the mouth of one who is not a 3hagavata or true devotee.od &ho is the highest 8ntity to be adored and served. etc. or the professional priests cannot be . such conduct is not effective. etc. nor a blind reader of the !hrimad 3hagavatam. if one does not perform it himself.od). feeling of discomfiture.uru( -e who is constantly engaged in the service of -ari. have not surrendered themselves to . Borm. Birst of all refrain from approaching the professional priest. they only gratify their own senses. &e should accept only him as our .uru teaches his disciple after his own behaviour and practice.uru who is fully versed in the 1eda as well as =ara'3rahman and who has thereby become the shelter of true peace. who is conversant in the 1eda and steeped in 3rahman 4. E!ports.od. 8ven if they give verbal instructions therefore.od. wrong illusory ideas. 0nd from 9rishna'9ama'!eva. then he is anxious to be occupied with other things on the strength of !hri /ama and committing the great aparaadha 4spiritual offence5 utilizing !hri /ama in sinful affairs. wealth. instead of the senses of !hri 9rishna. greed. one can not be the teacher of 7harma. who give full steps to their desire for enjoyments arising out of illusion. but have no true devotion in -im.od 9rishna is well conversant with the correct knowledge of the bondage of a jiva and his deliverance therefrom.od5. who try to employ .s /ame.s seat. should approach a . desire.uru. as such.

finds his attachment to grama 4or domesticated life and connection therewith5 soon li uidated. !ome people attempt at ac uiring heroism through karma. Eprowess. 4murti5 of . having made -is 0dvent in that 7hama. they will then take just the contrary trend.. 0nd that 9rishna'9ama'!eva is available.e.od. if we engage ourselves in the service of 7hama. 3ut some holy saints engaged in 7hama'!eva have enlightened us saying that it would bring us the highest welfare.. kaama or moksha are mere pretences.od. *f we are fortunately able to secure attachment towards 9rishna'9ama'!eva. then we can change the direction of the course of the different inferior desires that have arisen in us for sensual enjoyments in connection with our material body. 3ut we know that worships for dharma. Bailing to realize the dignity of 7hama.) One may take poison and die. 0ccording to the sense accepted by the truly learned savants. is ruined. 9rishna'9ama. and also that of the road we are running along under the direction of our subtle body i.. nor evanescence. etc. so natural to mankind. !hri @haitanya 7eva. irrespective of differences of place. -e thus told them to make endeavour for . but are only the ravings of conditioned or fettered souls. Our prayer should ever be that our attachment towards 9rishna may become more and more increased. 9rishna'9ama'!eva to one who disconnects oneself from !hri 7hama. Eplace. having remained engaged in studies. and that which is eternally self' manifested. advice to worship 9rishna. !hri 1aikuntha'/ama alone has come down to this earth.e.s services. has made the world conscious of the spirituality of a holy place. company. The only work for a worshipper of . 7hama means Erays. Ebirth. Einfluence. and being free from the temporal lust one can be firmly established in the service of the Transcendental 9ama'deva 4viz 9rishna5 and of 9ama'.. &e do not want power and pelf. even from the positions they were occupying.. who after beginning -ari bhajana 4the service of . and it is in !hri 7hama that !hri /ama has been deposited. The presence of /ama'!eva does not give the real end. and women is much more harmful and fitter for abandonment than even the sipping up of poison for men who are going to serve .od -ari5 becomes entangled with vishaya. some others 4jnanis5 for culturing 3rahman. artha. spiritual and blissful. these are only connected with base selfishness. viz. the means of attaining true blessedness.od having abandoned every worldly attachment with a desire of crossing the ocean of worldliness 4samsara5. /ow to carry out -is commandment there is no other course than to cultivate what we have learnt at the lotus'feet of our !hri . Ehome. we had no predilection for 7hama !eva and not so much faith in the worshippable representative. Ebody.danger in the shape of the desire for gratifying one. soon brings us our real end viz.. -e who seeks connection with 7hama. -is only blessing has been. -e has said$ "F# %The particular vision. time or person. yet others 4yogis5 for getting accomplishment of oneness with . whom they would come across. They have nothing to do with liberated souls.od. Then !hri /ama !eva. &e should shun all such bad company and associate with true !adhus .od.ayatri. <ord !hri @haitanya gave instructions to people all over *ndia to give every one. if it has grown apathetic towards attempts for .. The special advice that !hri @haitanya 7eva has given us about the easy way of getting rid of desires. -e. some again strive for fulfilling other desires.. but one should never keep company with a visayi and vishaya 4object of worldly enjoyment5.urudeva.e. is nothing more than taking our shelter in devotion. no cessation of further births... i. splendour of erudition and glory of exemplary character.s senses.. persons sunk deep in worldly affairs. full of the understanding that we shall van uish the people of the world by means of dialectics. jealousy. %2ay your mind rest in 9rishnaG) !hri 2ahaprabhu has given the seekers after true well'being the advice to totally shun the company of the emancipationist seekers after oneness with non'distinct 3rahman because they are more insincere than those who are desirous of worldly enjoyments..urudeva that we have no other duty to perform than doing service to 9rishna. of vishayis i. !hridhama is that in which there is no malice.od is to see that -is worship increases more and more. *t is for this reason that we receive the teaching from the lotus'feet of !hri . the mind.

to pure 3hakti free from any of the three gunas of prakriti in order to make it complete it would be to our benefit not to accept such sweet food adulterated with a mixture of mortar. like them. *t will not do to turn aside as mere gossip the declaration that the world is not the place for men of intelligence to stay in. *f we can do away with the triangle of knowledge. yoga. 3ut the 8ntity of =lenary !entience is and will ever stay. for there is in it ample touch of desire for fruits. the designations of sectarianism. The human race should be emancipated from such a proposition.) The deliberations of devotees are not trifling. these acknowledge the supremacy of 3hakti. like dumb'drive cattle. who are candid and do not adopt duplicity themselves. 3ut we should associate only with those who are candid. they undergo a downfall from there on account of their having disdainfully slighted +our Beet. Their attempt for peace with emancipation is nothing better than the gratification of their own senses devoid of their attachment to . may be helpful to lead one along the road to pure 3hakti. because in that case the existence of a second entity beyond 3rahman. bigotry etc. The worldly people generally cherish doubleness of heart or duplicity. sattva. rajas and tamas. viz. and not with the others. These double'tongued men give to the creeds of persons. then that 3hakti. The common sense of the people of blind following. 2en should expand their power of intelligence and feel the needfulness of devotion. &hen pure 3hakti is attained. however.od. it is necessary to get rid of the evils of the world having origin in the three gunas 4primordial elements. O <ord 2adhava. They cannot understand how they got their conditioned state nor what would be their free state. *t cannot be a true proposition that 3rahman has become jiva through ignorance. is not identical with Truth. +our devotees. of which matter is composed5. have dirty minds cherishing no love for +ou. -is ignorance. and that it is necessary to bid it adieu. though mixed up with karma and jnaana. constitute ordained 3hakti.od.od are only for the time being. and only this is their natural motiveless desire. we shall not have a separate existence and our doctrine of 3uddhism in which the annihilation of sentience is emancipation. driven as it is by rajas and tamas cannot penetrate into the deliberations of unmixed sattva guna. in spite of ac uiring a high position near to emancipation. The common decision of men. but that is only relative or for the time being and no real truth. the rays come to the outside of the screen and it cannot be taken near the sun. whether discriminative or otherwise. jnaana. *n the long run it is concluded that nothing will exist at the end. has got to be admitted. This has been thus stated in the =ancharatra$ %The acts that are prescribed in the !hastras for the service of -ari. he is referred to the answer given by !hri 3rahma in his panegyric of !hri 9rishna "I# $ %O <otus'8yed . deviate from the right path. 9arma. 3ut the full manifestation of sentience is still in the 6eal 8ntity and it will ever remain so. bound to +ou with ties of friend'like love do not. what shall we gain thereby( . 3ut if instead we toil hard from sunrise to sunset for the improvement of this world. Their conception of emancipation is totally wrong. and there may be in it some appearance of truth. !o when one gives the advice to add the attempts of jnana.) "H# The shrewd devotees of . of the world. Their only duty is to cut through the kinds of accumulated evil designs of jivas. is always defective with errors and mistakes produced only by the faculty of the mind. born of the gunas. *f some one raises the point that there is no need of devotion which induces taking shelter at the Beet of . speaking out one thing abroad and concealing a different thing inside. *t is not proper to say that 3rahman has got ignorance. those who do not take shelter at +our Beet. the mixed state is no more there.4devotees of .od and that one can cross the worldly ocean only by means of the dry'knowledge 4of the absolute monists5. 0nd the funny part of it is that they are anxious to present this doubleness of heart to the public as liberality or the virtue of conciliation. &hen. growing out of the desire for giving up the bitter experience of the world arrived at by proceeding with the empiric knowledge gathered with the deliberations about the external world. Those which point oneness with . but cherish the self'conceit of having been emancipated. *t is not wise to start an expedition against -im. The light of the sun cannot be destroyed.od5. nor can the sun be covered with a screen. knowable and knower. through the performance of which true 3hakti is available. etc. karma etc. having been over' powered by 2aya. but. is a misnomer. yoga. being protected by +ou. -uman intellect.. they rather fearlessly walk over the heads of the strongest of all interruptions and obstacles.od must clearly point out to the absolute monists that their principle of naiskarmya or cessation of activities aiming at freedom from all desire for the fruit. The principle of their 2ayavada is this$ %*nasmuch as we have to remain afflicted with the three kinds of trouble in the world.

on the contrary they make the <ord serve them. Dust before 3hakti 4devotion5 is generated. etc. having been arrested by their devotion. 3ut all these things are contemptible. but runs with impetuosity. but they are of uite contrary natures. our predilection for keeping away from our eternal function of service to . finds any opportunity to cast a covering shadow over the souls of those 3hakti'yogis who are incessantly communing with . covetous. more intelligent. There is not only a great difference between the deliberations about . to their occupation. !uch devotees self'dedicated to .od are ever engaged in offering service to -im and to -is devotees too out of pure love.old 4i. class.e. 2en.. wrathful. the topmost enjoyers. money5. like subtility. undergoing no disaster. *t is proper to bid farewell to such ideas as. to others related to these.od. the life of all. serve . who are outwardly renouncers. 0nd what is emancipation too( The thirst after it grows with the inordinate desire that * should be free from all distresses leaving the others to suffer them..od. nor do they regard as necessary.od.od.od necessarily become servants of the group of six enemies. home. !o long as men are not free from spitefulness. believing in the concept of monopolizing all the pleasure to oneself and enviously hindering others. then there will be no spitefulness.od in order to be e ual to the 0ll'8njoyer . *f we do not serve them. They serve . the very life of their lives.e.od. 7ue to our radical unrighteousness. nor in the next. 7evotion to . has made them -is essential companions. 8very human being should cultivate the highest form of righteousness. however.anga. everyone here has got the capability to be all this. Though there is a pretence of worship in them they have not admitted the eternal /ames. etc. they have surrendered themselves to -im with all their energies.e. midway between these classes. which rapidly runs towards the sea inundating all the high and low resistance.. to domestic beasts and birds etc.od among the common people and those among the devotees. The so'called worshippers do not. distracted and proud). forcibly removing all the obstacles before it. /o tendency towards anything else. They have made the narrations of the /ames. 3ut at present. 2any among the common people are inclined to worship . 0ppearances. lustfulness. having taken shelter with . even like the swift and turbulent current of the river .od is attainable through association with those who serve -im and -is devotees. though -e -imself is the most essential 3eing for all. besides that service.od. i. too. . &hen all these accumulate together. or at best honour and respect as a pious or holy man. it has become customary to dress up these foes of ours..od the mainstay of their existence and are always engaged in discourses about Them. They regard the !upreme 2aster of all as governed by karma. not even of emancipation which is so much praised as the highest attainment for man. 3ut the saintly personages who are free from all spitefulness do not suffer these inconveniences. etc. Those who do not serve . Those who culture the 8ternal 8ntity should not be servants of this group. %* shall be lustful. pretend to worship . to those that are related to their bodies like wives.od. those who are. women. &e adopt the principle of clipping one. viz.od the very essence of their life.s own nose for making another. They have made the service of . The devoted servitors of . having been thrown off from our true object. etc. They do not expect. This strong propensity in them does not yield to any obstruction. men get sufficient intelligence to understand that these are not important things. being misled by some environing affairs. !pitefulness comes when one is engaged as the servant of the five evils. in particular.od and merge in -im. we are going astray. and serve them.od with the purpose of ac uiring eight modes of power for accomplishment of desires. but are.. i. 0ttributes and sports of . &hom they know to be the giver of pleasure and happiness for mundane and celestial pleasure. The nature of the true devotees is different from theirs. no other thought or deed. the attainment of pleasure of the body and home in this world. of . the instruction about the highest righteousness does not enter their ears. 0ppearance.. They have no vitality to devote to their bodies. -aving fallen in love with the <ord of their life.od. etc. i. worship . they are established in the highest form of righteousness.od from their very nature in every thought and sentiment of their heart.od. and -e. sons.od for -is service and for -is pleasure. lightness. !pitefulness exists only among those who are averse to remembrance of . but not to serve . and never abating anywhere for taking some rest. pleasure.e. at heart. have made -im alone the uintessence of their ambition.s journey inauspicious. we are trying to secure pleasures for ourselves in preference to those for .od and are entirely dedicated to -im. spitefulness appears. The devotees are ever engaged in the service of .

the more has he been able to show in his character the easier way for consuming desires.od is easily available through association with -is devotees who have made over their all for -is service. those caused by the body and mind. and then takes him to the other side of the accomplishment of enjoyment making his desire all the stronger for being one with . nor is it special for either boys. 0gain. or worms. The more a follower of =aramartha has been able to curb his desires. 2an. nor is it means for any class of men. deceitfulness. and through the will of .. binds the practicant with the bondage of the rules of negation 4like Enot this. Bor ac uiring this religion we should carry out the command of <ord !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu given in the short simple sentence. That religion is not worldly nor does it pertain to the next world. and at last. There is an essential difference between these people and those who observe the usages adopted by the followers of paramartha 4the highest object of man. when their passion for good fortune is finished up. differences are sure to arise among the ordinances derived from the scriptural codes according to the different tastes of different people. if not consumed. as the result of immense greediness. is not the religion of the !hrimad 3hagavatam. '' such a religion which destroys the siddhi in the end. The 3hagavata'dharma is not of the nature of a jar of poison with a little milk floating at the top like such religions. keeps them infatuated with those transients. religion for all creatures. 0mong the observers of the worldly aachaaras. That in which there is no pleasure of self'gratification directly or indirectly. That religion is free from any craftiness. 0ll classes of people in the world believe the desires to be the root of the worldly troubles. or birds or beasts. all times and all people for it is the religion of the soul. &henever we talk about aachaara 4approved usage5. is to be abandoned in every way. when favourable to it. gives them more troubles than before. and through the service offered to both the 3hagavatam and the 3hagavatas.5. unconsciously gets an association suitable to itself. The knowledge of their very existence is the indicator of their pleasure. *n trying to determine the usages by means of mundane proclivities. That religion is the everlasting religion. %<earn the 3hagavatam from a true 1aishnava. but. or women or males. gives fulfillment of the desire in the mundane world. That religion does not promise to give the performers of its rites any pleasure of the body and the mind. *t is the function of every jiva to suppress the desires but all the activities of man aim at the gratification of the desires. the number of the servers of desires is very large. That religion is not the fraudulent religion which at first deludes its observers with the gift of men and money to those who want them. by the gods and by nature5. *n every . mukti 4emancipation5 and siddhi 4esoteric power5. being nourished by some unknown accumulated desire. it is the highest religion made by the -ighest 8ntity for our guidance.od on the other side of the ocean of greediness and infatuation. on the other hand. the unknown desire. nor is it prescribed for the people of a particular country of the world. they regard the gratification of the desires as the aim of their life. who gamble with the desires. nor to be observed by men of a particular stage of life. etc. or insects..od 4whose will is law5 confers on him an immovable body either of a tree or stone. and that nature of a jiva.e.race5. but finally eradicates these obstacles and bestows eternal good. however.od. is not the 3hagavata religion which. Enot this. That religion. or supernatural power or emancipation. does the old desire offer obstruction to the revealed desire. in the beginning.The religion that the devotees adopt is found in the !hrimad 3hagavatam. -olding up the desires by all means as most predominant. too. Three kinds of aachaaras are noticed in men of this world. 8very desire. depending on the worldly or secular conscience as the capital. however.s nature modified by association with the surrounding environments.s nature is formed from the beginningless standing desire. The followers of this religion get the service of the -ighest . seeks gratification. This mutual impact generates unpleasantness in the world of differences. This religion not only delivers its followers from the sufferings of three kinds 4i. and followed by Only the =aramahamsas 4devotees void of all blemishes5. the religion that. instead of falling victims to the temptations of bhukti 4enjoyment5.s taste is generated from one. but it is applicable to all countries. many take it to mean the performance of deeds ordained by the smritis 4ritual codes5. and eventually snatches these away back from them. attainment of divine . not of the body or the mind. makes them intoxicated with the enjoyment of power and pelf.) !o the service of . viz. giving the aspirants for siddhi 4accomplishment of esoteric power5 opportunities for ac uiring the siddhi. One. or old people or young men. Oftentimes. or pretence. !anatana 7harma. who are themselves 3hagavatas 4servants of 3hagavan5 through the culture of the 3hagavatam in their company. The old desire endeavours to unite with the new beginning of acts as revealed in the world.

and adorns the state of detachment with the glorious appellation of Etranscendant. &ith the abundance of the feeling of existence. it amounts only to self'destruction. banishes the desire even as a son carrying a wrong name is banished and becomes busy in endeavouring to obtain another son. being successful in getting the son after his desire. The organs of action like the foot. Those who want to remove their wants by means of enjoyment are desirous of the fruit of enjoyment. out of simplicity. The eyes grow alert in the cultivation of the objects of sight. as they do. hankering after satisfaction. 2any. and there is seen dermatic activity for appreciating touches. can ponder over the past and the present but we often notice striking difficulties among the decisions reached by human deliberations. which they had built in their imagination with their simple intellect. it is necessary to be ever away from here.creature is noticeable the uest for the pleasure of this gratification of desires from the very first day of the appearance of instinct till the end.od for giving her all her distress and hardships. nor emancipation. *t is not at all indicative of intelligence to do away with both the disease and the patient together. !uch a man terms the world of attachment as of mundane nature. while gathering fuel logs from the wood. give expression to their respective functions with the help of those of the organs of sense like the eyes. for this the perception of non'distinctiveness of the reality is necessary. Trying in vain to define the transcendental nature and to describe the position free from the covetous spirit born of the desires. we rely on relative knowledge. but smarting with the poison of desires.od desire neither enjoyment. *f we lose all the benefit of liberation. The man is then engaged in his worldly activities.) The devotees of . on their simplicity such as is prevalent in the material or secular affairs. 3ut the devotees of . *n some cases. the function of the nose is awakened for picking up fragrances. becomes converted to a wave of the ocean of desires. that liberation should not be called true liberation. %This world is a place of troubles. and the world appears to his deceived faith as divided merely into lives of attachment and detachment. 3ut when the two types of desires are antagonistic to each other. -e begins work. The previous evil desires deceived them in such a way that they. that very feeling leads him towards that pleasure. for want of an exact knowledge about the truth. Those who are anxious to be considered as civilized are of the opinion that. he is encouraged in worldly matters with efforts for gaining the desired fruit to a large extent. unable to extricate themselves from the clutches of that deception. %*f we can observe the civic rules. 0 man of simple consciousness. The patch along which there will be neither want nor that merger with non'distinctiveness. makes. This struggle is the uest for pleasures as relished by the new desires. a mechanical distinction between worldly and transcendental things. men are often seen to be on the alert to define non'secular or transcendental intellect depending. etc. then there will be no mutual friction and we can live uite in comfort and happiness. their idiocy in the form of their mundane simplicity takes them towards the company of persons deceived like themselves. getting dissatisfaction instead. etc. whereas those who want to do it by the process of renunciation are desirous of emancipation. all our acts evaporate like camphor. 2an. voice. &hen controlled by that alertness. like the old woman of the fable who. the perception of the nature of the desire terminates in only its own pleasure. think of being delivered from the world. activity is noticed in the ears towards the objects of audition. which means salvation$ this salvation is to be wished for. being prompted by the feeling of egotism as the enjoyers of this mundane world. even though godless. is that of chid'vilaasa 4pleasure of pure sentience5. . The very moment a man feels his own existence.) !uch a consideration finds great favour with the advocates of the path of karma. too. There are again some others who consider that. as distinct from the lower creation. &hen the growing desire is not thwarted by the previous desires the jiva feels gratified at the fulfillment of both the desires.. when =luto . began to rise and sink in the uag of these desires. &hen. hand. when troubled with the distresses and miseries of the world. our want is not removed therewith. The state of apartness from covetousness. 2en with worldly attachments through desires apply the power of the newly grown desires against their own previous desires. deceived to think himself free from covetousness. 3eing thwarted by the previous desires of former births he is at every step made to roam about from the shelter of one desire to that of another. the attempt of the tongue is observed for relishing tastes. ears. being liberated in name only.. 3eing led by their worldly or secular intellect. and invoked =luto 4god of death5 to come and take her away to his place. the jiva. they fall into the deep gloom of unpleasantness.od express no such opinion.radually the inclinations growing out of the desire are fostered in association with the environments. complained against .

&e should be anxiously craving for the real good that !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu has shown by declaring the uselessness of their doctrine. 3ut . The most erring people are those who. cling to matter mistaking it for chit 4spirit5. !o. They are all. as they think distress is in the track of enjoyment or pleasure and the acceptance of the wished'for road brings about the three kinds of human sufferings 4caused by the mind and body of creatures5 by natural catastrophes "sic#. so men. not that. ever anxious to see jivas ac uire the true welfare. They have found themselves in a fix who have indulged in the wrong thirst after showing the =lenary 8ntity as wanting in fullness. nor thrown off from the track of their true well'being by considering the ways and articles of the service of . when they experience the bitterness of matter. and they have had recourse to the <otus Beet of 9rishna as the ultimate refuge to the exclusion even of the good topics of sattva not to speak of rajah and tamah. having been guided by the mirage of the theory that the world is an illusion. They have erroneously given the highest place to the doctrine of non' distinctive impersonality of disregarding the objects favourable to the service of . self' deceived and are hypocritical. Those who have got self'realisation and know the truth about the soul serve . the stream of worldly desires flows like the river =halgu beside . when they may feel their mistake. 2en attain their good. men have nothing else for guidance among themselves. only when they give up the deliberations arising out of their mental nature.od in this world. They are truly wise. 0ll may ac uire perfect welfare by obeying . however. unnecessary. if he adopts the course of those who are desirous of the fruits of worldly enjoyments or of others averse to the enjoyment of the fruit. They ever announce the truth that jivas have no other duty than to serve .s instructions embodied in the 1edic treatises. being troubled with worldly hardships. jivas and matter. The human race mostly consists of mere infants in respect of paramaartha 4spiritual outlook5.od. 3ut those form a group and are included in the class of ignorant people. the closest associate devotee of the <ord !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu has called the plenary . *t is only those that can be said to have adopted the !reya =anthaa or 3etter 6oad ":K# leading to the true well'being of men. There is no reality in it. 0 jiva cannot get the eternal well'being. but asked him only to help her to lift the load to her head.5 the devotees of . who. 3eyond this. take advice from these wise persons. within them. They wrongly opine that the attempts for ac uiring true knowledge through transcendental devotion are of the same class with those for the limited knowledge of material enjoyments. have regarded that the knowledge of the =ersonality of . !hri !yarupa 7amodara. who labour under the idea that the final word is the cessation of the faculty of perception or the final goal is the exemption from any special research with that faculty. !uch people are really miserable who have established themselves in the belief that there is variegation only in the world of matter and that the attribution of variegation to chit is only a phase of the deliberation of the inert nature of matter. who are bent towards the service of . is accessible only in the doctrine of the !hrimad 3hagavatam. want liberation. though she was given the chance of being relieved there from. Thus she wished to live among the privations and troubles of the world. adopting the doctrine of illusion. their hypocrisy is not exposed before the public. not busy in the enjoyment of the world like those that are desirous of the fruit of enjoyment. always act in various ways like infants. *n their heart has grown the true 6asa 4pure chit.od and ignorantly keeping aloof from that service. sentimental sweetness5 as considered in relation to the final 6eality.actually came before her. Jntil they become sufficiently fortunate. Dust as infants do not understand their own good. too. of course. because. they take leave of material enjoyment. The error of considering the distinctiveness of chit as that of matter brings about one. she did not want to go with him. The knowledge of that final 6eality. in order to get rid of the idea of enjoyment of worldly objects. as such. adopting the principle of Enot this.od. that tastiness of !achchidananda or 8mbodiment of . !uch is the case with those who.od'head.od is inferior to that of -is *mpersonality free from any feature of distinctiveness that obtains in matter.od. ever make efforts to do good to these infant'like men. as conceived in their own imagination. being attracted towards -im with the tie of the purest love natural to his essential constitution as purely sentient 4chit5 jiva. for the awakening of the people whose sentience has been clouded by primordial ignorance. 3ut the wise person. but at times make efforts to place their hands on flames or get impatient to grasp the moon within their hold.od -imself is the 8mbodiment of Tasty !weetness 4rasovai !ah5 and. 4viz. The sentimental sweetness of matter will have to be destroyed or dried up. The material distinctiveness is.od who are true well' wishers of all and are ready to accept their guidance in all ways.race of the <ord as the grace generating no evil in its wake. too. accomplished in soul'realisation.aya whose stream of water runs beneath the cover of a sandy surface.od in this world and also in the world beyond. They serve . in the very first !hloka of which has been shown the mutual relation between .od as only worldly matters.s downfall without fail instead of producing the desired object.

6akshas. 1inayakas and otherbhutas. in the Treta'yuga.uru is not eternal. The . becomes alive to sentience and knows his identity with the knowledge of the soul. -is endeavour was to make people keep aloof from worldly and heavenly enjoyments. 0ll the variegations of 1aikuntha were even then existent. too.) The attempt to grope in the dark.e.ita "::# that those. the intent concentration received a set back and misery visited men. .lories coming out of the mouths of true saints. &e should cultivate the Transcendental 6asa after getting beyond the region of material distinctiveness.ita ":?# the <ord says$ %The impersonalists have got to undergo a greater amount of difficulty. 0gain the current of thought of the culturists of jnana devastates the very principle of getting the inner eyes opened up of people blinded by the gloom of nescience with the pencil applying the collyrium of true wisdom. the 1eda was divided and the department of karma. adopting duplicity. was introduced. They are suffering misery by their own conceptions. &hen the principle of 8kaayana or intentness with singular concentration was prevalent. 3ut only the troubles . with low obeisance and giving up all attempts for ac uiring jnana leading to emancipating. otherwise your deliberation will end in the 3uddhistic conception of the morphologists or mere logomachy of the 2ayavadis.uru and * are not separate. though +ou are invincible elsewhere. their motto is$ %. !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu has solved the problem of such contradictory positions.. &e should know the 6eality therefrom. men will have to keep away from the vicinity of 6eality.od. *n the @hhandogya Jpanishad 47ahar section5 there is a list of many desires. originating the 9arma'kaanda thereof from =ururava.od in the . !o long as these desires are indulged in. &hen that principle was stopped. bring +ou under their control.od in the 7vapara'yuga is available in the 9ali'yuga from -ari'kirtana. they destroy their own entities and even the very conception of . is useless. 3ut this is not the trend of thought with those who are really liberated. etc.race of !hri @haitanya 7eva causes no evil. !o long as the principle of material distinctiveness is not destroyed. while the idea of their oppositionists is impersonal. for the attainment of each of which a special resolution is to be made. by people performing sacrifices in the Treta'yuga and by persons worshipping . * shall merge into 3rahman. *t is necessary to get rid of the inconveniences of jivas here and of the dirt of the three kinds of human sufferings. becoming impersonalists. not being able to get any clue to 6eality. as said by . in the !atya'yuga 4golden age5. and it is then that they will ac uire competence to listen to the !hrimad 3hagavatam. people will get their demands fulfilled in accordance with their desires. i.uru. they are still there and they will continue to stay in the future. Other people have to enter either the fold of henotheism or impersonalism. but in the Treta'yuga. Then Trayi 4triple form of the 1eda5 came into existence. These desires continue till we get the inclination to satisfy the 7esire of . who have carefully studied such !hlokas of the !hrimad 3hagavatam as the following. *f man. were given to contemplation.) The misery of those who are not devoted to 9rishna are indescribable. *t is not necessary to take the help of what appears to be the truth. !entience and 3liss. chalk out means to secure enjoyment of pleasures. when the nature of rajas was predominant. =ersons hankering after emancipation. waking up from the depth of sleep. then he may bid adieu to the drawback of the perception of what is not the soul.. only /arayana was worshipped. 8kaayana means no numbering. *n it there is no indulgence given to the karma'kanda. when the functions of maya were dormant and the cosmic evolution of matter did not begin.) Then we have ":>#$ %&hat could be got by men meditating on 1ishnu in the !atya'yuga.8ternity.) The only resource in the present era is -ari'kirtana.. must continue for ever. i. Those who adopt the way of karma labour under much trouble. the ceremonial rites etc. in future. they will understand the distinctiveness of chit.# !hridhara !wamipada in his tikaa 4commentary5 has thus given the gist of the two !hlokas$ %*n the !atya'yuga almost all the people. ":. !hri 3rahma says to !hri 9rishna ' %O <ord.e. for the way of impersonalism is available to possessors of bodies only with a good deal of trouble. *t is necessary to be free therefrom. *n the . !ome think it worth while to keep within the evils of the material world and repeatedly come within their region. being of the saatvika nature. get their place with these. Those. being satisfied only with materialism. know very well that one following the 2ayavadi current of thought has got to be disappointed in the long run and permanently remain steeped in ignorance. so that they may. but the moment their sentience is roused up. waste time in henotheism 4polytheism antecedent to monotheism5 and. who led by their taamasa nature worship +akshas. those who spend their life'time in listening to the accounts of +our .

one becomes constantly immersed in a feeling of excessive bliss in the glorious suavity of the <ove of 9rishna. there is no competence for it in the jnanis who are deprived of the power of comprehending this superiority of the tasty sweetness of devotion.race among the fortunate jivas in three ways. they attain true satisfaction with unadulterated devotional <ove.od5.od with a tendency for offering -im service. for disregarding their only shelter. @onse uently the mind becomes intoxicated with <ove of 9rishna.s service.e.) ":F# !hri @haitanyadeva has given men the true chit'rasa. owes its growth to the self'same 7ivine . the world. rahasya 4about -is relation with the jivas5 and tadanga or jnanaanga 4about -is relations with 3rahman i. that is so prevalent in religion. and at the end they engage themselves in -is service. There is no jnana of the 7istinctive Beatures 4visesha5 of . that vies it.od.race.od.race. Then is awakened the highest bliss that grows from !hri 9rishna. is . that the dust of mental agonies easily flies away and the heart becomes free from all dirt.s Beet and. through .od. they are established in the firm conviction about devotion to . -is . the intellect of those persons is impure. has widely propagated these teachings for the highest well'being of man.race.. *t is when the fragrance of the <otus'feet of !hri 9rishna arises in their hearts through 7ivine .. *t is the worshippers of 0dhokshaja 9rishna who can understand all this. &hen the heart becomes pure with !hri 9rishna.are the dues for such people as giving up 3hakti. The yogis 4culturists of =aramatma5 are in favour of 2ajesty and they practice yoga for ac uiring vibhuti 4!uper'human power5. of jnaana 4about -is !varupa or essential nature5.od in *mpersonal 3rahman. to devotion to ..od. in it is obtained the tasty sweetness of love leading to love'intoxication. -e has also said to !hri 3rahma ":H# %The jnana about 2e is the highest and it is perfectly esoteric and mysterious. fortunate as they are.race.. !hri @haitanya 7eva.race which generates no evil like other graces as pointed out by !hri !varupa 7amodara. too.s . The limit of the sweetness of love then gives such jivas constant rest at !hri 9rishna.. the recipient heart becomes intoxicated with the tasty succulence of the love of . or are only immature in this respect.race. +our Beet) ":C# !hri /arada tells !hri 1yasa 7eva ' %8ven the perception of 3rahman with the highest jnana free from all the dirt of karma is not at all praiseworthy.s sweetness under which 2ajesty plays a subsidiary part. ":A# Burther %O <ord.race is free from all dirt. who think themselves emancipated and shake off devotion to +ou. Diva being distressed with the privations of the world try to remove them by several means. <ord !hri @haitanya @handra.s . take troubles for comprehending their oneness with . sattva.od. all scriptural contests being overcome. &hen through -is .race has ever been giving us attachment towards . they are rid of the mischief of worldliness by 7ivine .s . viz.race. 2ahaprabhu. Then they become in uisitive about . *n the final stage. =aramatma 40ll' pervading !uper'!oul5 and 3rahman 40bsolute !pirit5.race. 9rishna. vijnaana 4about relations with -is =otency5. . *n the first stage.od -imself as the result of fixing the mind with steadiness in -im.) 0mong the jnanas about 3hagavan 4. just as no grain comes to the lot of persons thrashing the husk. 7evotees culture and worship !hri 9rishna. the dirt of vexation due to wants does no more linger. but they fail therein.race brings us real peace. which is the first cause of the material world5. @onse uently the scriptural disputes are all set at rest.od through -is . 4transcendental tasty sweetness of chit5 making them feel its difference from jada'rasa 4the material sweetness of this world5 and setting at rest all contending principles having their origin in attempts to understand in the inductive way the transcendental things that have come down to this region of maya.race. the only way to true wellbeing.od.od. out of -is .race there grows the tasty sweetness of love. 0c uiring tran uility through -is . The conflicts arising in the mind from the different interpretations of the scriptures give rise to controversies and interpretations of the scriptures of 7ivine .s . The jivas here are at first affected with attachment towards the objects of enjoyment due to their being averse from . it gives tasty succulence and is replete with divine intoxication. the settled decision about 3hakti becomes strongly firm. the jnana %about the 3hagavan) is the highest. viz. *n the second stage. *ncarnation of <ove with generous magnanimity distributes -is . etc.race is not available with the attempts of jivas. in the result the heart becomes clean and pelucide and as a conse uence thereof. ":I# *t is not proper to ascribe the tendency towards material enjoyment. There is some in =aramatma. but it is without the esoteric element.s . /ature consisting of the three gunas. the other jnanas are lower than that. which has been defined by . and they sustain a complete downfall from their high position ac uired with much difficulty. there is awakened the pleasurable sensation with attachment towards 9rishna. rajas and tamas. *n the jnana 4about 3hagavan there are four differentiations viz. 0nd that intoxication.

ourasundara 4@haitanya 2ahaprabhu5 &ho is identical with !hri 1rajendra'nandana.. viz. !hri 9rishna. etc.od. and kaama. love of . through 9rishna'kirtana 4i.race. . That is of two kinds. They may also. .s .race by means of the repetition of what has been carefully heard about !hri -ari. intent on enjoyment and renunciation. the need of eternally tasting the sweetness of the full sentient 3liss with their own nature as jivas of atomic eternal existence with sentient bliss. jnanas and men with other desires. he is able to do away with the opposition of the antagonists of the 1aishnavas with the aid of !udarsana or 1aishnava'7arsana.achieved the strong attachment to 3hakti and the conse uent awakening of the perception of the 7ivine !ports everywhere from which is available the culmination of extreme sweetness. 0ppearances. viz. gets a strong attachment for the eternal servitorship to !hri . but these are not separate from one another.e.od. have gone all the more astray than they.od..e. identification of the self with the body5. &e get the essence of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu.e. jivas may make their worldly desires inoperative. as their object.s service or merger into sentience.e.s /ames. These are present within .. under the influence of bodily and mental concerns. in the service of the =lenary 9nowledge or !entience. &hen an object is fully spoken about or described. when they are desirous of emancipation. virtue. and thus liberated. while attempting to ascertain the proper object of human pursuit..s disc !udarsana5.s /ames in the right manner thoroughly.. The professors of non'distinction of 3rahman call the annihilation of conception as emancipation with a desire for effecting a reconciliation between the principles of sattva and tamah 4the highest and the lowest of the three properties of matter5. from the right rack leading to the ascertainment of the true object of life. the chanting of -is /ames and .race that should be adopted as shelter and protection under all circumstances. may be stirred with pure devotion after giving up such desire with 9rishna. chaturvarga5. *t is through a course of the cultivation of the thoughts about .lories pleasant both to the ear and the mind. /ames and 0ttributes.. wealth and desire. means or expedient 4abhidheya5 and need or object 4prayojana5. Then that jiva.od. and blind the eyes. they are available in the good company of the followers of the !hrimad 3hagavatam and center round the highest object of human pursuit.. 8ngaged. *t is only those.lories5. that it is necessary to chant !hri 9rishna. 0t the very outset -e has said.od5.e. but are also above the craving for the mere vicinity or merger in =aramatma. being well'established in their own eternal position.s teachings in -is !ikshashtakam.s . On the other hand they have ascertained. etc. and activities of the jivas in their essential and eternal nature become the subject'matter of one. /ames and Borms. of the philosophers of wrong vision by using that weapon 41ishnu. nor do they fall off from eternal devotion in order to offer any respect to karma. may have the perception of . Then they are no more dragged into undesirable regions by temporal thoughts about dharma.. and.5 and that those who hanker after the fourth object. may secure abstinence from things other than 9rishna.. artha. the achievement of self'con uest i.od that the desire. they have not kept their eternal endeavour. kaama and moksha 4i.. give up such desire by taking this antidote against worldliness. Then no more do they deviate. and the state of material conciliation apathetic to 1ishnu. within the mere proximity to =aramatma as conceived with the predilection for non'distinctiveness or notion of the oneness of matter and non'matter. who have been fortunate enough to have the opportunity of listening to the wonderful teachings of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu about the universal relativity 4sambandha5.od. The teachings of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu are abundantly present in the !hrimad 3hagavatam and treatises following in its wake. &hen a jiva gets rid of the 2ayavada of the principle of tamah and becomes established in the service of 0bsolute !attva 4. Thus it is the 7ivine . jnana. 0ssociates and !ports ' these five constitute !hri'/ama. There may be naturally varied combinations among these for one who takes !hri /ama. dharma. that know that men get non'plussed about their spiritual deity in the midst of their attempts for ac uiring trivarga 4the three main objects of human pursuit. a partial phase of . artha. freed from the shackles of avidyaa 4i. &ith !hri 9rishna. 0ttributes. however. i. viz. This is not an ephemeral conception generated by any physical or mental ideology..s everlasting conception. are not only rid of the knowledge about non'distinctive 3rahman available by perception. by creating some disturbance against the culture of !hri 9rishna with a loving disposition. -is <ordship lays stress on the service of !hri 9rishna /ama. it is shown completely analysed.s 3ody which is !hri /ama. being free from the wrong conception of -is plenary character. non'sentience averse to the service of 1ishnu or merger into matter. moksha or emancipation.s .. knowledge. -e also taught that the /ames and Their =ossessor are identical. whereas the persons who have adopted shelter with 3hagavan. viz. when they are desirous of worldly enjoyments. in the garb of karmis.

:# where it has been said %*n this world. beautiful or ugly. service of !hri'2urti and audition of the !hrimad 3hagavatam is complete without !hri 9rishna'kirtana. Of these five have been regarded as pre'eminently the foremost.race is !ankirtana. or an old or young man.od.) 2ahaprabhu has said. pious or sinful in whatever condition of life one may be. "sic# fruit is accessible to one who gives it importance above everything. as the !hrimad 3hagavatam says. being free from aparaadhas 4spiritual offences5 is sure to gain the wealth of <ove.lories. it is then only that they are worth the name. there is a distinction between a name and its possessor i.5 of -is /ames. learned or illiterate.od5 with the taking 4chanting.. the superior 7harma of men is remembered as 3hakti'yoga 4performance of devotion to .# stated thus$ %0mong all 3hajans 4performances of 3hakti or devotion5. generates 9rishna'=rema. !adhu'sanga has been proposed in order to create a taste or inclination for !hri /ama'3hajana as the result of the association with holy saints who are attached to !hri /ama with a firm faith and who chant /ames systematically. rich or poor.) /o kind of 3hakti like residence in 2athura. 0ssociates and !ports.s /ames. etc. !o.od. with ardent chanting5 is at the root of all these and is glorified above all. These five limbs of devotion are the most important ones among all the practices and the performance of those five. 0nd all success is available through it. 4ii5 chanting of /ames. is an object of enjoyment.od.od with firm faith. i. which are Transcendental.od free from all worldly attachments by chanting . what the eye sees is not the 3eauty of . of -is /ames.s /ames with the principle of chanting Them. viz. association with holy saints.od 9rishna. *n the !hri -ari 3hakti 1ilasa ". 4iv5 residence in 2athura and 4v5 service of !hri 2urti of . which is a sea of all evils.od 9rishna &ho is the 8njoyer and not an object of enjoyment. &hat was obtained in the !atya' yuga by meditation of 1ishnu.*f a man desires to see -is Borms of 3eauty. is obtained in the 9ali by -ari'kirtana).e. in the Treta by worshipping -im with yajnas 4sacrifices5 and in the 7vapara by -is ritual worship. The !hrimad 3hagavatam has declared !hri /ama'3hajana alone as the highest virtue ". Evijayate !hri 9rishna'sankirtanam. has only one merit in it and that is a great one. the service of !hri 2urti is conducted with 2antras 4incantations5 framed with . the !ankirtana of !hri 9rishna should be specially glorified. recapitulated in the !hri @haitanya @haritamrta ".e. 0ttributes. Bor this reason @haitanya 2ahaprabhu said$ %!hri !ankirtana should be our only means for getting the object of our pursuit. .. but ther. *t is felt after a careful consideration of these five best practices. *n the very beginning of the !hrimad 3hagavatam in its middle and at its end.K# as the following 4i5 0ssociation with holy saints. male or female. etc. 0n enjoyable object gratifies our senses. that one attains . though not so much. it should be performed with the item of 3hakti known as 9irtana. nine are the best which are very powerful to give love of 9rishna.. <ove of . One who takes /ames. 4iii5 audition of the 3hagavatam. Borms.s . &e have it in the !hri @haitanya @haritamrta ".. *f the other !adhanas 4practices5 are favourable or helpful to it. otherwise they should be known as only obstructions to the proper !adhana. 3ut this is not the case with the /ames of !hri 9rishna. .># we have$ %8ven if there is some other form of devotion ordained as a duty in the 9ali' yuga. 0t the root of 2adhura' vasa or !hri 7hama'vasa 4residence in the places of .. he should know that it is not visible to his material eye.. viz. even 9rishna -imself.?# has been cited a !hloka from an old !hastra which means$ %-ari. Thus !hri /ama'9irtana is glorified above all.s /ames are always present on the lips of a person who worshipped !hri 1asudeva 49rishna5 before in hundreds of his births.) %The 9aliyuga.s adoration5 is deeply set the principle of /ama'3hajan for these holy places are fre uently visited by !adhus who are always engaged in !hri /ama'!ankirtna "sic#.od 9rishna. !ankirtana means 9irtana or chanting by many in coalition of 9irtana of !hri 9rishna in detail i.s /ames and . 0mong the objects of the material world. *t is . there is no other course of spiritual practice for one than !hri 9rishna'!ankirtana. The best and foremost of all the spiritual practices for attaining . &hether one is a child. Then. that !hri /ama 3hajana 4service of .) *n the 3hakti'!andarbha ".od. &e know that for practicants of 3hakti there are nine kinds of limbs of 3hakti.od 9rishna.od is not visible to our eye. The foremost among these again is /ama'!ankirtana. the person or thing whose name it is.e. The form or beauty which is acceptable to the sense of vision. !uch !ankirtana is the object of special glorification. the efficacy of !hri /ama'!ankirtana has been repeatedly advised.

This idolatry of theirs will be removed. -is /ames. we entirely get rid of the tendency of securing worldly aggrandizement. 0 silly fellow has no competence for the worship of . as such. <ike 9rishna. etc. maya will be deluding us in various ways. +ou have not given 2e relish in +ou.od according to the principles laid down in the 1edas and allied !hastras. that one should not be lowly born or should not perform !ankirtana practices in the company of low'born people. !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu laments$ %O -ari'nama. This has been pointed out in the !hruti$ %-e who adores avidyaa enters the dark region of tamah.. brass. such a 9irtana is 2aayaa'kirtanaG !o longs as we keep away from joining the 9irtana conducted by those who hold perfect 9rishna'kirtana. he does not at all re uire such education. have got all potencies. is free from the arrogance of the sense of his own . There are no such rules to be observed in !hri /ama'!ankirtana such as..od. %* am a learned man). =eople like him conceive that their bodies consisting of blood. Jnder the influence of the moonlight of 9rishna'9irtana. and do it all along. * am learned * shall study the 1edas. !cholarship is the greatest in a devotee absorbed in the chanting of !hri /ama. if one thinks. !ome say$ %*t is foolishness to take -arinama. 8ngaged in !hri 9rishna'!ankirtana. * have got no attachment towards +ou.) *t is to teach such people posing as learned. for true -ari'nama is not utterable by a man who has a desire for securing worldly advantages through -ari'nama. Dust as an idiotic follower of the 9arma'kaanda is unable to offer service to -ari. /o such considerations of mental or physical properties of a man are to be made in respect of 9rishna' kirtana which is the property of the soul. skin etc. do nothing but 9irtana. so also is a very learned follower of the jnaana' kaanda who becomes a victim of the tamaguna which causes vanity and delusion no true devotee.od in -is !hri 2urtis. but another who has a great attachment for vidyaa enters further inside the region which is still darker. !uch an educated fellow becomes an idolater. 0gain. or prosperity in trade. and shout out some names appearing like . respect and fame.) 0ssuming the pose of a &orld'Teacher !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu said$ %0lsoG * have got a taste for other things than chanting -ari'nama and thus a distaste for the direct worship of . if some worthless people.. if we follow such people as have imitatively decorated their bodies and beads with marks of a 1aishnava without receiving instructions from true 1aishnavas. to be fit for it one shall have to take three baths daily. On the other hand it is not -ari'!ankirtana when we take part in the 9irtana conducted for the prevention of the epidemic of cholera or pox.) -e forgets that this re uires the greatest learning. when one becomes totally free from the attempts to be busy with the current of thought of the external world i. made by certain artisans. * shall worship deities. shout together( *t will be true -ari' !ankirtana when we join the !ankirtana of true devotees who serve . too. There will be no !ankirtana.. made of mud.e. One may take -ari'nama even when the body is impure as when one is the water'closet or even though one is a sinner. just live as a priest. 3ut will it be worth the name of !ankirtana.s service. not a worshipper of .s /ames only in external sound. if only they listen to the instructions as given by great saints.od. 3ut in this era 9ali prevails. *f we join the 9irtana of such people as are not anxious for their own true well'being. which is technically called Esinful intellect through the power of /ama.od. 8veryone is competent for !hri 9rishna !ankirtana. wood. 0 born 3rahmana is often heard to tell his boy$ %&hen you have not ac uired learning.A# =eople of this world speak of millions of ways of gaining spiritual ends.od in -is !hri 2urtis.) ". 3ut 9irtana is not done well. are sacred and.s education goes against his service of . stone. unless the chanter is humbler than even a blade of grass.od. then one such becomes an idolater. but they see in them idols. the greed for ac uiring transient pleasures and when all roughness of the heart is set at rest and it is understood that 2ayavada 4absolute monism5 is not worth acceptance.) -e has further said about !hri /ama$ %O Divas. *f a man. or for gain. who hood'wink themselves then no well'being will be attained by us. only one should not be insincere. they cannot realize the existence of .9irtana is called !ankirtana when it is performed by many persons together. without any ardour for .od. Through it is available the flow of the tasty !weetness of @hit 4sentience5 in the heart. the lily of true welfare blooms. scholars should go without it and get credit. flesh. he adores only pride.) The bounden souls are arrogant and say like this$ %<et the !udras and idiots chant -ari'nama. * am a 3rahmana.

s /ames. man'power.. This book of books has been converted to a commodity for traffickingG The course which the world is taking is just the opposite of the teaching which !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu gave. etc. This order should be followed for 9irtana and !marana. who have ac uired abstinence in order to remain aloof from all fear.respect and is the giver of respect to others. even for the yogis.od has thus given me a chance to be lower than blade of grass. The paraa'dharma 4the highest spiritual practice5 or the 3hagavata'dharma is performed only through !hri /ama'kirtana. * should know that . &hen thus the mind has been purified. my . 3oth the karmis striving for the first three of the above four objectives and the jnaanis striving for the fourth one are engaged in reducing the !upreme <ord to our servitor. &e should not utilize /ama'sankirtana for the purpose of 7harma. but there is only insincere cringing before others to secure their favour.) * have adopted this instruction of . /o good will be forthcoming out of s ueezing the nose 4for yoga practice5 even for eternity and ac uiring thereby the power of rising into the sky to a height of ten or twenty cubits.oura !undara 4!hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu5. etc. 3ut when somebody speaks disrespectfully about a true 1aishnava. &hen these. if only there is left one treatise. -e has told us to perform hari'kirtana constantly. as has been said by !hri !huka$ ".F# %O 9ing =arikshit.. chimes. !hri @haitanya. *f any one attacks me then * should put up with it and chant -ari'nama.unas has been accomplished. 3ut what a wonderG &hat an irony. &e should ever remain engaged in -ari'kirtana i. 7o not remain maddened with the thoughts that you are a great expert and very intelligent. other topics are calculated only to incite our enjoying mood.e. the . for the purification of the mind is necessary for the audition of !hri /ama. then remembrance should be practiced without giving up !hri /ama'kirtana. the !hrimad 3hagavatam.. *t is only -ari'kirtana by which jivas attain their true well'being and that is 9rishna'kirtana.s specialty is accomplished. has been prescribed the constant 9irtana of -ari.od -ari will be increased. knowing this. however.. &ith this end in view. This is not mere tittle'tattle nor an exaggerated homage.s Transcendental !enses. They can never perform -ari'bhajana and true !hri 9rishna' sankirtana cannot come out of their mouths.e. 9rishna'kirtana is not to be performed only through melodious musical tunes. along with this.unas 4attributes5 are also fully awakened. the systematic order is written.od through -is /ames for our personal or collective peace and pleasure. There will be no harm. if one studies 1edanta for very many crores of years. *n the 9arma'kaanda there is no true lowliness of a blade of grass. have been fully wakened up. i. 7ealing with the process of the practice of !hri /ama. 2ahaprabhu has laid stress on the chanter of !hri /ama to be free from all sorts of fraudulent craftiness or other motives than 3hakti. of -is =arikara =astime. competence is ac uired for the awakening of !hri'6upe 4beauty5 with the audition thereof. True well'being will be available to all the people of the world if they listen to the discourse of the !hrimad 3hagavatam from one who is oneself a 3hagavata leading the practical life of a true devotee without maintaining slightest attachment for the life of a karmi or a monistic jnani. kaama and moksha. .od.. *f one reflects on it as a truly impartial judge. even though all the books of the world are burnt away. discourses through which our inclination for the service of . we should not make -im play the servant for us. Thereafter the mind has been thoroughly sanctified with 9irtana. then my lowliness as that of a blade of grass should consist in at once giving him a proper teaching with as much vigour as ever. etc. There is no other book in the world like the !hrimad 3hagavatam. and that is the 7harma divested of all trickish artifices 4including even the desire for emancipation5 as explained in the annotation ". &hen the awakening of the . /o prayer should be made to . the awakening of the <ila 4!ports5 becomes well established. -ari'kirtana does not consist in gratifying our own mundane senses. artha. gain. honour. viz.C# of !hridhara !vamipada. one will realise that there has not been any book like the . * should be all the more encouraged to take -ari'nama more vigorously. but in the gratification of !hri 9rishna. !hri Deevapada has said$ %0t first. learning.) One will not attain salvation. which are fraudulent and which almost cent per cent people are hankering after. !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu has not asked us to be proficient in high class music and to become well'practiced in the airs of expert musicians. &e should not make attempts for wealth. &hen !hri'6upe has been fully awakened. adoration.una and =arkkara.uru'deva. There will be no inconvenience felt even though thousands of learning'centres were abolished if only the reading and teaching of the !hrimad 3hagavatam continues. /ama'6upa'.

as defined in its third !hloka. The non'devotees crave for dharma.. meaning the same thing..od5. &hen persons sure of the transitoriness of human life like =arikshit listen to the 3hagavatam discourse from liberated =aramahamsa 1aishnavas like !hri !hukadeva. The 3hagavatam does not produce fruits of such bad taste or tasteless ones. but with that they may only make the way to hell easier of access for themselves and their admirers. The unrefined ease'loving people pretending to be 1aishnavas may read the !hrimad 3hagavatam. 3hagavata. make a fuss of listening 3hagavata to the professional or other discourses who are full of tendencies harmful to the culture of true well'being. at others it is bad and painful. The fruit of karma is sometimes pleasurable.ita.. stone. who having fully surpassed the stage of worldly perceptions have reached the stage of transcendental excellence when their hearts have been brightened up with vishuddha'sattwa 4supra'naturally good uality5.oswami. they have read the !hrimad 3hagavatam inside the @haritamrita.H#.opis out of wed'lock.od5. but only those have been able to comprehend the real import and the actual object of the !hrimad 3hagavatam. nor will there by any. Those who. 8verything therein culminates in nais'karma 4freedom from karma5 instead of the gratifications of the senses. viz. There is much rejectable element in the books on enjoyment'hunting. in the . from better to better of sceptic. The desire of mental determination of those whose desires for enjoyment or emancipation have been set at rest and who have passed beyond the realm of mental speculation is not after such insipid or unsavoury things. but are deluded to think the bad taste or indifferent taste as the true taste of the 3hagavatam. 0nd they are permanently possessed of the purest ecstatic mood. of the tenth canto. thriven. The karmas as laid down in the scriptures are not to be performed by those who have been liberated. couple. 0nd the really emancipated souls are permanent relishers of the !hrimad 3hagavatam.oswami.opi'. to be read well and to be understood with deep deliberation ". *n the !hrimad 3hagavatam there are no such despicable elements. lastly that of paramount love of . Only those are competent to taste this fruit of the /igama 41eda5 9alpataru i. *n this book has been presented a consideration of gradual evolution. The 3hagavatam speaks about the !uper'!oul 4. that have read it after reading the !hri @haitanya @haritamrita written by !hri 9rishnadasa 9aviraja . The !hrimad 3hagavatam. they become eternal tasters of the 3hagavata'rasa. There had been many who had read the !hrimad 3hagavatam before !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu came into this world. Their elucidation may please the mind of their readers. masculine. atheistic. !hri 9rishnaLs !ports are described in the tenth canto. yoga or devotion mixed with these. attributeless. The !hrimad 3hagavatam does not inculcate the teaching of karma. woe is your due. but they only misconstrue and cover the true reading according to the !hri @haitanya @haritamrita. *n it are described naish'karma and the character of a =aramahamsa 4the absolutely self'less devotee of . the recipient and the giver of service has shown a gradual development through the various evolutionary stages of being contracted. having nothing solid in it like the skin. literary.e. neuter. do so for sensuous gratifications through poetic. 8njoyment'hunters and ritualists for worldly well'being are after deteriorated unsavoury tastes. and monists of non'distinct conception aspire after insipid tasteless realisation. They are debarred from tasting the pure juicy sweetness of the 3hagavatam. the description of 9rishnaLs transcendental sportive dalliances with . matured and ripened. =ure jnaana 4sentience5. This fruit too is succulent. consort by marriage. *f you roam about for your welfare or happiness. etc. &e should compare and contrast what the 3hagavatam teaches with what is said in other treatises. The 3hagavatam is to be listened to. kaama and moksha. . one of -is chief followers in the line of !hri 6upa . instead of listening to 3hagavata discourses of liberated =aramahamsa 1aishnavas. jnaana. fit to receive the sweet mellowness of love which is ultra' mundane. is the succulent fruit of the 9alpataru or desire'yielding tree.. &eal and woe are two different things. <ikewise it is not proper to hope for tasty fruit 4pleasure5. so that the jivas may achieve the highest good. artha. the 1eda. *ts sweet succulent mellowness is to be tasted all along. blooming. viz.e. absolved from all worldly attachment.opis ' such different conceptions.. the mercenary discoursers may explain it. grammatical and such other kinds of false appreciations. *t can be fully traced in the 3hagavatam how the distinction between the inner thoughts of LvishayaL and LaashrayaL i. fibres and other parts fit to be abandoned. slightly blossoming. even after emancipation. pure vairaagya 4abstinence5 and devotion are convergent.3hagavatam. but what was the necessity of composing the preceding nine cantos( *n them have been shown the deliberation of these conceptions to prepare the ground for introducing the main subject. karma.

reatest of all. the writer of which has said that without the culture of jnana. i. Those who have got true intuitive knowledge speak about -im as the Boremost and . -e may accept it or reject itM. M* must do service to . that when !antipura 4place of !hri 0dvaita 0charya5 was about to be inundated and /adia 4birth'place of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu. . this is true 3hakti. The name of a thing in worldly nature is different from it. *f we regain our real position. ears. whereas 3hakti is the eternal function of pure souls.I# M&ithout hands and feet. 3ut true well'being consists in giving pleasure to . *t is our neutral character 4susceptible of this course or that. desirous of emancipation 4moksha5. 3ut there is no difference between . The adage Lsatyam param dhimahiL 4we contemplate on the 0bsolute Truth5 occurs in the first !hloka of the !hrimad 3hagavatam. -e knows everything that is knowable. . which is worthless.od is not served even by the practice of astaanga'yoga which gives you siddhis or vidbhutis like animaa power to be infinitesimal5. etc. 8ven the most learned commit mistakes in the conception of the 0bsolute Truth. 0n article has been seen in a journal. but the 0bsolute Truth is errorless. The 3hagavatam cannot be correctly known with empiricism or worldly experience. *n this case the =roprietor and the properties are identical. but one such does not serve . <iberation is easily accessible to one who adopts 3hakti. stay and decay under the influence of maya.od. *n the world oneLs appearance is changeable. -e does not feel satisfied unless he adulterates even pure love with the grit and gravel of jnana. whereas.od..od is independent of any thing else.. 0ppearance. -e may come down into the vision of anybody and everybody as -e pleases. 0 jiva deluded with the 8lection Theory cannot make any conception thereof. though without ears. the appearances and attributes are different from the owners there. no one knows -im.od has no hands. then we shall be easily able to dissociate ourselves from the binding of this world. One. -e is 0bsolute. they would have themselves confessed that it was a very vicious act committed by them in ignoring jnana. and that if the then promulgators of the love had occasion now to return and see what a miserable condition has been reached by that love of theirs for want of jnana. jnaana or yoga as having adopted the wrong course. That eternal really pure Truth should be the only object of our concern. jnana was considered neither important. righteousness cannot find nutrition for it and cannot protect itself against the dirt of the prejudices. !hri /avadvipa'2ayapura5 had already been over'flooded by the strong current of the over'flow of love. +ou may get dharma 4punya5. feet. 0ctivities are all One. mouth. The 3hagavatam speaks of him who has adopted the way of karma.od or our own enjoyment5 which is responsible for our birth. *f we are able to regain our real health.M -is 8yes. *t is only the devotees that do it. nose like me. pleasure and pain. etc. our service of .od /arayana revealed the pure truth at the heart of the original poet 3rahma. then we have the chance of dissociating ourselves from the world.od -imself and -is 3ody. The 8lection Theory and Theism are not the same. -e does not re uire any other help. it is incumbently necessary to take shelter at the feet of the real .*f you read other books than the 3hagavatam you come under the influence of the processes of karma and jnaana. viz. -e sees. . 3hakti is the function of the pure or uncovered soul. The true well'being may not be available. The !vetas'vatara Jpanishad has said$ ". but all these are fully sentient 4chit5. /o worldly matter should engage my thought. birth and death. eyes.od is pure Truth in -is essential characteristic. The writer is evidently an admirer of the path of jnana and he seems not to feel any relish in anything but jnana. laghimaa 4power to be as light as hydrogen5. !elf'&illed and !elf'<uminous. . 9armis want to be enjoyers in this life as well as in the next. artha 4wealth5 and kaama 4fulfilment of desire5.. -e walks fast and takes things. are not material. may renounce the worldly life. on the other hand. 2y senses and organs are different from one another. 0 devotee says. OneLs vitiated taste is . though without eyes and hears. nor necessary in the field of religion.od. how'so'ever vast it may look. -is /ame. the word LblanketL and the thing blanket are not the same. but .e.uru. 8ars. when you are the gainer of what is pleasing. not to speak of the salvationist who may want to get rid of the weal and woe of the worldly life and to be the recipient of enjoyment in the negative form. -uman deliberations are erroneous.

anxious to enjoy the gratification of the senses of !hri 9rishna. somehow or other. accomplished jnana is attained and this attainment by a jnani is the culture of =rema 4<ove5. as such.such a thing that makes one take pains to bring down love attainable by only the true highest jnana about . but only the way has been found for its attainment. There is no other function of jnana than to have this knowledge. -ere is the ultimate goal of jnana. the motive of the confectioner is the preparation of sweets.od and the jivas in respect to their true characters that constitutes true jnana. The essential nature of jivas is sentience. *f the objects of the professors of jnana and the devotees be thus mutually different. with its help the object is attained. viz. he does not accept it as a part of the function of the eating to discuss whether the ancestors of the confectioner who has supplied the sweets were not originally barbers and converted by the .od to the level of jnana as commonly understood. the exoteric one. then we re uest the culturists of jnana to refrain from an attempt of e uating themselves with the devotees. there is no way out of the redoubtable wheel of karma.race of !hri . @ulture of jnana ultimately ceases after reaching the jnana of relativity. *t cannot be said that the final good has been reached. for without the culture of jnana. !o long as a man remains fallen in the pit of karma his desires for enjoyment keeps strong. The experienced devotees have known that the appetite of a hungry man is appeased only by eating good food. 3esides. which is 3hakti or =rema 4<ove5. cessation from karma seems good for him.e. the professors of jnana have climbed the highest peak of the hill of their pride. because jnana has been attained. some other jnana than this is known as common jnana. &hen the attainable object is attained with the help of jnana which is the means. of relativity. 3ut if a professor of jnana. &hen he feels tired in the wheel of karma. and if his purpose is served only by it. etc. The professor of jnana is confined within the jnana of relativity. not an adept in the matter of the cessation of hunger. he has certainly. so jnana is known as the main thing. atomic sentience5. Dust as an infant considers its glass'made boy more valuable than a philosopherLs stone so a professor of jnana does not hesitate to think of his jnana as better than =rema 4<ove5. &hen redeemed out of the covering of karma. then the objects of pursuit for the professors of jnana and the devotees are totally different. the professor of jnana takes a fancy for such topics like jnana of 3rahman. !uch a jiva regards the jnana about 3rahman as the dim glow of a fire'fly before the sun. he only utters meaningless words off and on like an infant in the cradle. Dnana loses its power of moving further. it is not the object attainable. 0 jiva becomes maddened after getting even an iota of the <ove. &hen the culture of jnana matures. his culture of jnana grows and goes on increasing. 6iddance from karma is a subsidiary object of attainment for jnana. Dnana is not an object of attainment. They did not commit suicide by taking the poison of . and going to handle only one of those unlimited potencies. The devotee is hungry i. it is not necessary to separately say that * have two cowries 4shells5 or four cowries.. but even if such. must be known as a most unfortunate man. &hen it is said * have a lac of rupees.. whereas that of the purchaser is to taste or eat them. it is to know the . a man with jnana in his constitution is tied to the wheel of jnana. The entrance examination of true religion is the deliverance from the strong binding chain of jnana. *n other words. *f only the culture of jnana is his religion. for it is needless for him. having considered himself as e ual to =ara' 3rahman. as soon as he gets his eternal nature awakened. This 3hakti or =rema is both means for the attainment and also the attainable Object. The aim of the architect is the construction of buildings whereas that of the rich employers is residence in them. comes forward to say that it is proper to deliberate what hunger is and that the purpose will be served only by such a deliberation without tasting food.. 3efore the eating he has got the assurance that the well'established devotees before him got their desired satisfaction from such food as was supplied to him. ac uired an ade uate knowledge about his desirable food. the jnani 4possessor5 of jnana5 will no more culture jnana. 8ven under this circumstance a professor jnana who advocates taking the help of jnana. being unable to estimate the property of the owner of a lac of rupees. -e is not inspired with the purpose of attaining the true object of oneLs pursuit. &hile sitting for his meal. -aving received only a jot of the potency of the !entient 8ntity.auranga 7eva to the caste of confectioners. what is it then but want of jnana going by the name of jnana( !o long as the deliberation falls short of the function of eating.e. The highest jnana is that about the relation between the =ossessor of =otency and -is =otency. The professors of jnana have no competence to go further. Then according to his constituent ingredient 4i. but the entire property of the professor of jnana consists only of one cowrie and he has not learnt to count more than that and. The ultimate effect of jnana is the destruction of karma. the possessor of endless potencies.

their association with worldly men and the influence of the worldly advisers or teachers are got rid of. like them.audiya 1aishnavas 4followers of !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu5. jivas like persons attacked with some frenzied disease. *f they are not held for the said purpose. and to accept the teachings thereof with humility. the attempts of the jnani for ac uiring jnana. then. This 3hakti has three stages. having given up all self'conceit. lonesomeness and reticence. 0ssociation with saintly devotees is regarded as preferable to want of association. of relativity. The attractive influence of the persons other than !adhus cannot overcome the jivas who always keep in the company of !adhus. to be useless. etc. and devoid of laxity or negligent dilatoriness. as they were not prevalent in ancient times. They have got sufficient experience to distinguish between nectared and poisonous foods. the veil of karma productive in worldly fruits. Divas are not able to remain silent and lonesome as long as the roots of these evils are hidden within. to oneness with 3rahman. as it is claimed. *f you have a stern determination to go along the path of your duty. etc. the veil of the jnana based on the renunciation of those fruits. Bor the cure of these evils. can never be favourable for devotion. unaided by any other process. &e re uest the readers of the !hri @haitanya @haritamrita to note that in the book there are mentions of ista'gosthis 4meeting of devotees to talk about devotional topics5. viz. artha. contribute to the excellence of the tastable objects for the culturist of love. the 3hakti'6asamrita' !indhu. blocking up their way. kaama and maksha. who are able to give advice as to how the poisonous sweetmeat'balls are prepared and how oneLs self'destruction is caused by tasting them. invent imaginary antidotes for the cure of their disease which. the top'most 0charya. There are many among the . The people sunk in worldly affairs will not. etc. called chaturvarga.. *n the earlier part of the stage of !aadhanaa the evils originating in apathy towards 9rishna prevent jivas from ac uiring steadiness in 3hakti.. far from being cured. !aadhanaa 4practice5. These two worldly virtues. ">K# This 3hakti is the only means. that of nature in 9apilaLs !amkhya.. viz. have any effectiveness in the world. !ilence and lonesomeness are chimerical.. and also that the readers of the !hrimad 3hagavatam are expected to . of the knowledge of absolute 3rahman that of non'distinctiveness.. of potency. is called the pure motiveless best 3hakti. the other inferior four being dharma. the perception of the soul. they become versed in talks and discourses about 9rishna in the association of -ariLs devotees. 1ulgar talk will ever continue in the mouths of people. *t is good for the professors of jnana to study what !hrimad 6upa . are ignored( Brom the teachings of <ord !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu we learn that the 3hakti performed with conduciveness towards 9rishna. meetings. then they should be utilised only for the purpose of propagation and glorification of -ari'bhakti 4devotion to . These evils have been classified as the veil of the other desires. Jnder the influence of these evils. The knowledge of the soul. uncovered by the Dnana or knowledge of absolute monism leading. which is the supremest or fifth purushartha or object of pursuit for jivas. no obstacles can retard your progress. gradually increases. True devotees know the lonesomeness or reticence as understood by people in general as antagonistic to devotion. &hen 9rishna'bhakti is generated in some jivas. 3haava 4ecstatic inspiration5 and =rema 4<ove of 9rishna5. *t is through association with !adhus that the loathsomeness of evil company and the foolishness of its contention are avoided. existing only in the imagination like flowers of fancy high up in the air or the fabled horns of a rabbit. and the veil of laxity producing indifference towards the service of . There are some karmis of the old school desirous of fruit who think assemblies.od 9rishna. freed from nitya'naimittika karma 4daily and casual ritualistic performances5 offering worldly enjoyments as the fruit.2ayavada 4absolute monism5. being free from spiritual offences. viz. !uch misleading ways of keeping silent and lonesome artificially have not been recognised in the path of 3hakti.. and then being devotees free from the evil company of such people. 9eep inattentive towards them. *f assemblies. 3ut they do not boast of their greater knowledge than that of the professors of jnana.osvami. then there is no need of having anything to do with them. etc. because these are non'eternal. if you can take !hri -arinama. viz. not being maddened with self'conceit. 3y them were not accepted the poisoned sweet'meat'balls. <ove of 9rishna. the potency'possessing 8ntity. for them. =ay respect even to people who appear apathetic towards devotion to . 0ll the accomplishment will be under your thumb. committees. if divested of other desires than for 9rishnaLs <ove. !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu has prescribed the culture of 9rishna in the company of !adhus who are entirely free from worldly attachments. be able to do you any mischief. The evils are removed by the influence of the company of !adhus. &hat benefit is there in the religion in which the distressing pangs of appetite.od but do not learn to appreciate their habits and deportments. for the attainment of the highest achievable blessedness.. very pleasant to children. has written in his treatise.od5. at heart always keep away from them.

!hri /arada has said about himself to !hri 1yasadeva L* began to roam about in the worlds loudly uttering the /ames of -ari avoiding all shyness. but giving it to others. *f we can have all our exertions directed towards the service of !hri . the devotees will keep silently away from his company. it cannot bring the jivas any good. accepts the most venomous 2ayavada( &ill a culturist of devotion be saved from the aspiration after worldly honour and celebrity. <onesomeness and silence are both worldly virtues.L -e has commanded us ">:# $ L.lorious activities ">. &hen oneLs own accomplished nature appears. under the influence of conceits against the soul.A. impatient anxiety at its delay. &hen a person utters /ama. unless they are fortunate enough to come in contact with !adhus. and celestial. in which there is association with Divas confined within the clutches of maya. etc.ive instructions about 9rishna and liberate this country with the performance of the function of a . and remembering -is .know about the assemblies in which large audiences listened to the discourses on the 3hagavatam. it is transcendental. but where discourses on phalgu' vairaagya 4false asceticism5 have been held to mislead the deceived society. *t is !hri /ama that uncovers the jivaLs true nature and drags him to 9rishnaLs 6upa 4Borm5 . of -ari. !o !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu advises us$ L@hant Transcendental 9rishna'/ama as loudly as ever. !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu and the followers of the teachings of the !hrimad 3hagavatam have ever advised the people of the world that !hravana 4audition or listening5 and 9irtana 4recapitulation or chanting5 are the surest means for the attainment of the highest blessedness. that should be done in accompaniment with 9irtana. is prevalent. 0lso !hri @haitanya 2ahaprabhu for the deliverance of the people of the 9ali'yuga has given the famous instruction Lto constantly chant the /ames. if he thinks himself lonesome and reticent away from association with !adhus. and that one.una 40ttributes5 and <ila 4!portive activities5.# L. gradually the distinction between the gross and the subtle body in his egoism vanishes and his own accomplished nature reveals itself. L2en gradually reach the shore of the ocean of the worldL ' this adage should guide us. '' then. 0s such. service of !hri 9rishna and -is devotees. who sees worldly affairs and !hri 9rishna as e ual. -ow will they understand. meetings. &here ever there is no association with truly holy men there are assemblies. 0s soon as 9rishna'/ama is uttered. The latter asceticism is a worldly matter and. The /ames and the /ami 4their =ossessor5 are non'distinct or the same. both the association with worldly people and its avoidance are antagonistic to 3hakti.oswami'pada has written thus against silent deliberations and in favour of 9irtana 4recapitulation of instructions as heard from true devotees5$ MThe chanting of .L *n his L9rama'sandarbhaL commentary on 3h. both the abandonment and acceptance of worldly noise or sound are against 3hakti. -is Borm is visible in the transcendental manner. may have the ordure of hankering after worldly fame. &e can have our well'being by means of firm confidence in our success. thinks of the culture about !hri 9rishna as a worldly affair. as such. and where there is no propagation of -ari'9atha. the vice of worldliness will not affect you. !hri Diva . that one who under the influence of false asceticism. and being anxious to establish his own worldly fame and celebrity commits the grand mistake of cherishing in his heart antagonistic ideas against the culture of 3hakti with transcendental audition and recapitulation "sic# and that of cherishing the wrong idea that the devotees. 1**. whereas 3hakti is a thing beyond the world.L Though the other items of 3hakti have got to be performed in the 9ali'yuga. and conceiving. /o truly wise man says that only the inert and mute persons can ac uire 3hakti. claiming no honour for self.?.. being rid of spiritual offences. commits a spiritual offence. with greater forbearance even than a tree.>'. There is no yukta'vairaagya 4proper abnegation5 of transcendental nature where there is no !hravana'9irtana 4listening or audition followed by chanting or recapitulation of -ari'katha5. knowing him to be a self'destroyer.odLs /ames should be loud. *t is only in a place where -ari'9irtana is a scarcity. etc. along with the utterance of 9rishnaLs /ame. and become reticent in respect of worldly topics which are meant for your enjoyment in the conceit that you are a wise discriminator which is a suppressed taamasic pressure of garrulity. thinks himself as an emancipationist or an elevationist or a cynic. unholy ideas of fancied deliberations( *s it not the ultimate limit of the abominable nature of fame and celebrity to cherish the evil desire of uprooting the fame and celebrity of 3hakti through the propagation of maya or 2ayavada( *f a jiva. *n this matter.uru in obedience to 2y order. etc. and the chanting of -is /ames... being humbler even than the blade of grass. that the worldly talk about artificial meditation. This will be particularly realised when our unfortunately evil predicament is over. too. you will yourself feel that it is from /ama alone that all accomplishment is available.

..>. "># vide 1.9rishna.:?. you will feel your own humility and lowliness.A':. ". *.:# 3h. N*.?':K. ". N.:I. ::. N**.. ":># 3h. ". @handrodaya 1***.A.# 3h. ":F# 3h. FOOTNOT S ":# 1ilapakusumanjali :K.::.A# *sso. +ou should know that Lthe highest soul knows himself to be the lowestL.C# 1ide :. ..A:'A. "A# 2undaka. >..># 1ide . ">K# 3. N. ". :.H..>.I.:.A. "F# @. ":C# 3h.A'..A.>'?. ">:# @.# 3h. 2. "H# 0lso 3h.F>.F':. *N.?H'?I.>>.. ":.>...'>>. N*. ". 1*...::.:H..!. the different forms of enticement held out by maya cannot overpower us. :I.:.. Published in The Harmonist (Sree Sajjanatoshani) .. **.. ".:..C.CO.F# 3h..H':. :. ". ":H# 3h.?:... 6. ":I# 3h.lories. ":?# 1ide N**. "I# 3h..:?..:. **. AO:H.?..# 3h.. N.:. >. N**.F.. discourses about -ari with the devotees that may be available for association. "C# 1ide. :. 9eep always engaged in the audition 4listening5 and vocalisation 4reproducing5 of -is ..>. Then with the gradual improvement of your 3hajan. ":A# 3h. I.I.# 1ide ***.>'. N**.H# 1ide.:>..C.:A. ".@.:.. ". N*.:'.I.6. ". ":K# 1ide 9atha :..:.?# 1ide N*':>F..!.I# 1ide ***.K# 1ide **. "::# 1ide *N. "?# 3h. ". :. ">.