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Surface Chemistry

Time- 60 mins M.Marks-100

Section-I (Single Option Correct Type, 3 marks for each correct and -1 for incorrect)
1. Adsorption of gases on solid surface is generally exothermic because: (A) enthalpy is positive (B) entropy decreases (C) entropy increases (D) free energy increases 2. Which forms multimolecular layer during adsorption (A) Physical adsorption (B) Chemisorption (C) Both (A) and (B) (D) None of these 3. Peptization is a process of (A) precipitation of colloidal particles (B) purification of colloids (C) dispersing precipitate into colloidal sols (D) movement of colloidal particles in the electrical field 4. Lyophilic sols are (A) Irreversible sols (B) They are prepared from inorganic compound (C) coagulated by adding electrolytes (D) self-stabilizing 5. Among the following, the surfactant that will form micelles in aqueous solution at the lowest molar concentration at ambinent condition is (A) CH3(CH2)15N+ (CH3)3 Br (B) CH3(CH2)11OSO3Na+ (C) CH3(CH2)6COONa+ (D) CH3(CH2)11N+(CH3)3Br 6. Among the electrolytes Na2SO4, CaCl2, Al2(SO4)3 and NH4Cl, the most effective coagulating agent for Sb2S3 sol is (A) Na2SO4 (B) CaCl2 (C) Al2(SO4)3 (D) NH4Cl 7. In the coagulation of positively charged colloidal solution which of the following has maximum coagulating power? (A) CO32(B) [Fe(CN)6]4(C) PO43(D) Al3+ 8. In the preparation of AgI sol , the excess of AgNO3, is added to potassium iodide solution. The particles of the sol will acquire (A) Negative charge (B) Positive charge (C) No charge (D) Unpredictable 9. Which gas will be adsorbed on a solid to greater extent. (A) A gas having non polar molecule (B) A gas having highest critical temperature (Tc) (C) A gas having lowest critical temperature. (D) A gas having highest critical pressure. 10. Graph between ln (x/m) and ln(p) is straight line inclined at an angle of 45. When pressure is 0.5 atm and intercept is 0.693, what will be the amount of solute adsorbed per gm of adsorbent? (A) 0.5 (B) 1 (C) 2.5 (D) 2

Section-II (One or More Than One Option Correct Type, 4 marks for each correct and -1 for incorrect)
11. Choose the correct reason(s) for the stability of the lyophobic colloidal particles.

(A) Preferential adsorption of ions of on their surface from the solution (B) Preferential adsorption of solvent on their surface from the solution (C) Attraction between different particles having opposite charges on their surface (D) Potential difference between the fixed layer and the diffused layer of opposite charges around the colloidal particles 12. The given graphs/data I, II, III and IV represent general trends observed for different physisorption and chemisorption processes under mild conditions of temperature and pressure. Which of the following choice(s) about I, II, III and IV is (are) correct ?

(A) I is physisorption and II is chemisorption (B) I is physisorption and III is chemisorption (C) IV is chemisorption and II is chemisorption (D) IV is chemisorption and III is chemisorption 13. When negatively charged colloids like As2S3 sol is added to positively charged Fe(OH)3 sol in suitable amounts (A) Both the sols are precipitated simultaneously (B) This process is called mutual coagulation (C) They becomes positively charged colloids (D) They becomes negatively charged colloids 14. Which of the following statements are true for physiosorption ? (A) Extent of adsorption increases with increase in pressure. (B) It needs activation energy (C) It can be reversed easily (D) It occurs at high temperature 15. Select the correct statements from the following regarding sols (A) Viscosity of lyophilic sols is much higher than that of solvent (B) Surface tension of lyophobic sols is usually low. (C) The particles of lyophilic sols always carry a characteristics charge either positive or negative (D) Hydrophobic sols can easily be coagulated by addition of electrolytes 16. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct (A) Higher the gold number, more protective power of colloid (B) Lower the gold number, more the protective power

(C) Higher the coagulation value, more the coagulation power (D) Lower the coagulation value, higher the coagulation power 17. Which of the following are correct statements (A) Hardy Schulz rule id related to coagulation (B) Brownian movement and Tyndall effect are shown by colloids (C) When liquid is dispersed in liquid, it is called gel. (D) Gold number is a measure of protective power of lyophillic colloid. 18. Freundlich adsorption isotherm is given by the expression x/m= kp1/n . Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from this expression. (A) When 1/n = 0, the adsorption is independent of pressure (B) When 1/ n = 0, the adsorption is directly proportional to pressure. (C) When n = 0, x/ m vs p graph is a line parallel to x-axis. (D) When n = 0, plot of x/ m vs p is a curve19. Which of the following phenomenon occurs when a chalk stick is dipped in ink? (A) adsorption of coloured substance (B) adsorption of solvent (C) absorption and adsorption both of solvent (D) absoprtion of solvent 20. FeCl3 is used to stop bleeding because (A) Fe3+ ions coagulate the blood which is a negatively charges sol. (B) Fe3+ ions coagulate the blood which is a positively charged sol. (C) Cl- ions coagulate the blood which is a positively charged sol (d) Cl- ions coagulate the blood which is a negatively charged sol

Section-III (Comprehensions, 3 marks for each correct and -1 for incorrect)


Passage-1 (for questions 21 to 23) Lyophilic colloidal sols are much more stable than lyopholic colloidal sols. This is due to the extensirely salvation of lyophic colloidal sols, which forms a protective layer out side it & thus prevents it from forming associated colloids. Lyophilic colloidal sols also protect lyophobic colloidal sols from precipitation by the action of electrolytes. This is due to formation of a protective layer by lyophilic sols out side lyophobic sols. Lyophilic sols are also called as protective sols. Gelatin (lyophilic) protect gold sol (lyophobic) from coagulation on addition of sodium chloride solution. Protective powers of different colloidal sols are measured in terms of gold number. It is defined as the amount of protective sol in milligram that prevent the cagulation of 10 ml of a given gold sol on adding 1 ml of 10 % solution of sodium chloride. Thus smaller the gold number of a lyophilic sol, the greater is the protective power. 21. 0.025 gm of starch sol is required to prevent cagulation of 10 ml gold sol when 1 ml of 10 % NaCl solution is added. What is gold number of starch sol (A) 0.025 (B) 2.5 105 (C) 0.25 (D) 25 22. Gold number of haemoglobin is 0.03. Hence 100 ml of gold sol will require haemoglobin so that gold is not cagulated by 1 ml of 10 % NaCl solution (A) 0.03 mg (B) 30 mg (C) 0.30 mg (D) 3 mg 23. [Ag]I Colloidal sol can be coagulated by addition of a suitable cation. 1 mol of [AgI]I requires mol of AgNO3, Pb(NO3)2 & Fe(NO3)3 as (A) 1, 1, 1, (B) 1, 2, 3 (C) 1, 1/2 , 1/3 (D) 6, 3, 2

Passage-II (for questions 24 to 26) If a pair of immiscible liquids such as olive oil and water are mixed and shaken vigorously, a dispersion of very fine droplets of one liquid in the other will result. Such a dispersion is termed emulsion. One of the components in emulsion is water and the other one an oily substance immiscible in water. Emulsion droplets are bigger than sol particles (106 m) and can be seen under an ordinary microscope or sometimes even with a magnifying glass. Emulsions resemble lyophobic sols in some of the properties. Emulsion can be identified by dye-test. 24. In the following emulsion

(A) I is of oil-in-water type and II is of water-in-oil type (B) I is of water-in-oil type and II is of oil-in-water type (C) both are of oil-in-water type (D) both are of water-in-oil type 25. An oil-soluble dye is shaken with the given emulsion under study. We observe that whole background appears coloured. this indicates that emulsion is (A) water-in-oil type (B) oil-in-water type (C) liquid under study is pure oil (D) liquid under study is pure water 26. An oil-soluble dye is shaken with the given emulsion under study. we observe coloured drops when seen under microscope. Thus emulsion is (A) water-in-oil type (B) oil-in-water type (C) liquid under study is pure oil (D) liquid under study is pure water

Section-IV (Matching Type, 1mark for each correct, no negative marking)


27. Match the items of Column I and Column II. Column I Column II (i)Dialysis (a)Cleansing action of soap (ii)Peptisation (b)Coagulation (iii)Emulsification (c)Colloidal sol formation (iv)Electrophoresis (d)Purification

Section-V (Assertion-Reason Type, 4 marks for each correct and -1 for incorrect)
These questions consist of two statements each, printed as assertion and reason, while answering these questions you are required to choose any one of the following responses. (A) If assertion is true but the reason is false. (B) If assertion is false but the reason is true. (C) If both assertion and reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of assertion. (D) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not a correct explanation of assertion. 28. Assertion : Isoelectric point is pH at which colloidal can move towards either of electrode Reason : At isoelectric point, colloidal solution become electrically neutral. 29. Assertion : For adsorption G, H, S all have ve values Reason : Adsorption is a spontaneous exothermic process in which randomness decreases due to force of attraction between adsorbent and adsorbate.