Parts and Components:The forward part of the bow, usually on the ship's centerline, is called the stem

. Traditionally, the stem was an upright timber or metal bar into which side planks or plates were joined.

Bow of Ship
The bow is a nautical term that refers to the forward part of the hull of a ship or boat, the point that is most forward when the vessel is underway. Both of the adjectives fore and forward mean towards the bow. The other end of the boat is called the stern.

Function
The bow is designed to reduce the resistance of the hull cutting through water and should be tall enough to prevent water from easily washing over the top of it. On slower ships like tankers, a fuller bow shape is used to maximize the volume of the ship for a given length. A "wet bow" results from seawater washing over the top of the hull. A raked stem can help to reduce the wetness of the bow. Aside from making the deck slippery, water can corrode the metal of the ship. If the temperature is low enough this water can also freeze on the deck, rails, turrets, and other exposed surfaces, increasing the topside weight.
11 . Wash plate 12 . Collision bulkhead 13 . Side stringer 14 . Panting stringer plate 15 . Panting beam 16 . Pillar 17 . Frame 18 . Tank side bracket 19 . Beam bracket 20 . Beam 21 . Deck girder 22 . Center girder 28 . Shell long. 29 . Keel 30 . Plate stem

1 . Chain locker 2. Fore peak tank 3. Boatwain’s store 4. Bulbous bow’ 5. Fashion plate 6. Breast hook 7. Second deck 8. Upper deck 9. Forecastle deck 10 . Center division 23 . Rider plate 24 . Horizontal stiffener 25 . Deep floor 26 . Panting stringer under beam 27 . Rib

Bulwark stay 22. Side girder 9. Second deck plate 3. or panting stringer 11 . Upper deck plate 2. Bulwark plate 21 .5. Side stringer. Gusset plate Types Several types of bows exist. Hatch side coaming 35. These include:       Tumblehome Raised foredeck Reverse sheer Conventional clipper Low-chain spoon bow High-chain spoon bow X-Bow (Developed by the Ulstein Group) 1 . Deck transverse beam 39 . Collision bulkhead 31 . Hand rail 23. Bilge strake . Vertical stiffener 6. Tank top plating or inner bottom plating 4. Horizontal bracket 12 . Hold pillar 29 . Rider plate 30. Bottom longitudinal 7. Web beam 28 . Bottom plate 17 . Solid floor 5. Deck girder 26.18 . Sheer shake 20. Keel 1. Center girder 8. Tween deck frame 14 . Deck longitudinal 38 . Horizontal margin plate 10 . Bulkhead stiffener 37 . Hold frame 13 . Web frame 27 . Manhole 32 . Beam bracket 33 . Tank side bracket 34 . 2nd deck beam 25. Side plate 19. Water tight bulkhead 36 . A shako 16 . Beam bracket 24.