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rd
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DPPS : 11
CHEMISTRY
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
1. If the energy of a photon is plotted on the vertical axis versus the reciprocal of the wavelength (1/λ) on
the horizontal axis, the result would be
(a) A curve representing an inverse parabola (hyperbola)
(b) A straight line with a slope equal to hc
(c) A straight line with a slope equal to h
(d) A curve similar to a sine wave

2. The approximate ratio of diameter of an atom to the diameter of nucleus is
(a) 10
5
(b) 10
3
(c) 10 (d) 0.1

3. The dissociation energy of H
2
(g) is 430.50kJ/mol. If a sample of hydrogen gas is illuminated with light of
wavelength 254 nm, the fraction of incident energy which will be converted into kinetic energy is given by
(a) 8.53% (b) 2.33% (c) 1.30% (d) 17.06%

4. Suppose a photon of frequency (v) causes photoelectric emission from a surface with threshold frequency
(v
0
), What is the de-Broglie wavelength of the photoelectron of maximum kinetic energy in terms of
∆v=v-v
o
?
(a)
h
v
Zmì
A = (b)
h
v
ì
A =
(c)
2
0
1 1 mc
v v h
(
÷ =
(
¸ ¸
(d)
2
h
v
ì
t
| |
=
|
A
\ .

5. When the surface of a piece of potassium is irradiated with light of wavelength, λ1 = 5000 Å, the value of
the stopping potential (voltage) necessary to stop the emitted electrons is, V1 = 0.200 V. When the
wavelength is changed to, λ2 = 4000 Å, the required stopping potential is, V2 = 0.600 V. In this problem,
YOU DO NOT KNOW the value of Plank’s constant. Using this information calculate the Plank’s constant.
(a) 4.27×10
-34
(b) 3.60×10
-34
(c) 2.14×10
-34
(d) 6.63×10
-34

6. Rutherford’s experiment, which established the nuclear model of atom, used a beam of
(a) β-particle, which impinged on a metal foil and got scattered
(b) ¸ -rays, which impinged on a metal foil and got scattered
(c) helium atoms, which impinged on a metal foil and got scattered
(d) helium nuclei, which impinged on a metal foil and got scattered

7. Which of the following was not concluded from Rutherford nuclear model of atom?
(a) For a pure element, all the atoms are identical in mass, shape and size.
(b) Every atom consists of a heavily, positively charged, center in which entire mass of atom in
concentrated.
(c) Negatively charged electrons revolve in circular orbits, around the nucleus.
(d) This was the first model to establish the existence of nucleus.

8. Which of the following were observed in Rutherford experiment?
(a) Most part of an atom is hollow
(b) α-particle, due to its high mass and charged, suffers negligible deflection by an electron
(c) A very few α-particles bounced back on their original path
(d) Most of the α-particles suffer significant deflections from their original path.

Cambridge Edupreneurs, 201- Primate, Opp. Gormoh Restaurant, Bodakdev, Ahd- 15 Tel : 079 – 4003 5225
106/130, 3
rd
Floor, Prime Square, Krishnabaug Char Rasta, Maninagar , Ahd- 08, Tel : 079- 4900 5225 Page 2

DPPS : 11
CHEMISTRY
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
9. Which of the following were concluded from Thomson’s cathode ray discharged tube experiment?
(a) Cathode rays are produced, have a characteristic independent of the identity of cathode
(b) Electron is a fundamental particle present in the atoms of all elements.
(c) Electron has kinetic energy and therefore behaves like a particle.
(d) A condition of pressure and temperature has no role to play in the experiment.

10. Which statement(s) is/are correct regarding the photoelectric effect?
(a) There is no electron ejection, regardless of intensity of the radiation unless the frequency exceeds a
threshold value which is the characteristics of metals.
(b) Kinetic energy of ejected electrons varies linearly with the frequency of incident radiation and its
intensity.
(c) Even at low intensity, electrons are ejected immediately if the frequency of incident light is more than
threshold frequency.
(d) An intense and weak beam of monochromatic radiation differs in having number of photons and not
in the energy of photons.

11. The number of scattered α-particles in Rutherford experiment is
(a) Inversely proportional to square of kinetic energy of incident α-particles.
(b) Directly proportional to the square of atomic number (Z) of both the incidents α-particles (Z
α
) and the
target scattered (Z
t
).
(c) Directly proportional to the thickness of the thin target
(d) Does not depend on the thickness of the thin target

12. If the Rutherford’s experiment of α-particle scattering is repeated using β-particle, which of the following
observations will be required to be corrected?
(a) Most part of the atom is hollow.
(b) Few β–particles will suffer large deflections from their original paths.
(c) Very few β–particles will bounce back on their original path.
(d) Same thickness of the thin metal foil will work.

13. Which of the following became basis of abandonment of Rutherford’s nuclear model of atom?
(a) Classical theory of electromagnetic radiation
(b) Stability of the atom
(c) Failure to explain the emission spectrum of H-atom
(d) Electro negativity of an atom







Cambridge Edupreneurs, 201- Primate, Opp. Gormoh Restaurant, Bodakdev, Ahd- 15 Tel : 079 – 4003 5225
106/130, 3
rd
Floor, Prime Square, Krishnabaug Char Rasta, Maninagar , Ahd- 08, Tel : 079- 4900 5225 Page 3

DPPS : 11
CHEMISTRY
ATOMIC STRUCTURE
Reading for bellow the questions:
Rutherford carried out his experiments using α-particles. He bombarded α-particles on a thin gold foil and the
rays coming out were observed on a screen as shown in the following diagram:


Observations:
1. Most of the α-particles passed undeflected.
2. Very few of the α-particles deflected from their normal path.
3. One out of the approximately 20,000 α-particles returned back on it original path.
Conclusions:
1. Most part of the atom is vacant.
2. There exists a positively-charged centere and most of the atomic mass is concentrated at this center.

14. Had the Rutherford used aluminium foil in place of gold foil, which of his observation would have been
affected the most?
(a) Observation-I (b) Observation-II (c) Observation-III (d) All-I,II,III

15. Had the Rutherford used β-particles in place of α-particles, which of his observations would have been
least affected?
(a) Observation-I (b) Observation-II (c) Observation-III (d) None of these

16. Had the Rutherford used H+ -gas in place of α-particles, which of his observations would have been
greatly affected?
(a)Observation-I (b) Observation-II (c) Observation-III (d) Observations-II & III
17. According to Rutherford experiment, the basis of selecting thin gold foil was
(a) to make the α-particle to penetrate the metal foil
(b) to make number of encounters of α-particles with atoms of the metal foil less
(c) gold is the most ductile and malleable
(d) nucleus of gold metal is very small