British Parliamentary Debating (BPD

)
The first speaker is Muhammad Salim Fajri

1. British Parliamentary Debating (BPD)
British Parliamentary style debate is a common form of academic debate. It has gained support in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, India, Europe, Africa, Philippines and United States, and has also been adopted as the official style of the World Universities Debating Championship and European Universities Debating Championship. Speeches are usually either five or seven minutes in duration. Debate – Highlight the opposing opinions surrounding a topic as a tool for decision making and analysis. A competitive sport whereby 4 teams in opposing sides try to convince an audience that a point of view regarding a controversial issue is better than the alternative provided.

The second speaker is Nurdiansyah 2. Debate strukture Proposition Prime Minister 1 Prop. Deputy prime Minister
st

Opposition Leader of the Opposition
1 3 2 4

Deputy Leader of the Opposition Member of the opposition

1st Opp.

Member of the Goverment 2nd Prop. Government whip

5

6

2nd
Opp.

7

8

Opposition whip

Diagram Illustrating the Arrangement of Members in the House and the Sequence in which Speeches are Delivered. a. The Prime Minister The job of the first speaker, or Prime Minister, is to set up the debate. This may sound obvious, but is so often overlooked, or simply badly done, that it is worth stressing. What this means in the most basic terms is that the PM states what the debate is about, and what are the boundaries.

Leader of the Opposition The Leader of the Opposition performs a role that is in essence similar to that of all remaining speakers in the debate.b. 2) to present a case supporting that interpretation. SPEAKER ROLES AND SPEECH SPECIFIC PURPOSES Each speaker has a role and each speech has a purpose. rebut the arguments made by the PM and make substantive arguments that support his/her position. excepting the Whips on both sides. The Prime Minister‟s responsibilities may include some or all of the following: 1) to offer a reasonable interpretation of the motion. Leader of the Opposition The primary roles of the First Opposition team. initiated in this speech. 3) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Opposition's stance. depending on the job done by the Leader of the Opposition. or against the motion. . The descriptions of speaker roles and speech purposes listed are suggestive and are not exhaustive or exclusive. 3) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Government's stance. initiated in this speech. As with the Leader of the Opposition the speeches are expected to consist of rebuttal of the previous speaker‟s material and new substantive arguments in favour of. Deputy PM & Deputy Leader of the Opposition These two positions may be dealt with together. are to confront the First Government‟s case and to establish the First Opposition‟s strategy for opposing this case. is to establish the foundation for a meaningful debate on the motion. c. The speaker should point out any flaws in the mechanism chosen (if there is one). The Deputy PM may also need to include some „reinforcement‟ of the case. 2) to make at least one argument that demonstrates why the First Opposition team opposes the motion as interpreted by the Prime Minister. Prime Minister The primary role of First Proposition team. The third speaker is Rizal 3. The Leader of the Opposition‟s responsibilities may include some or all of the following: 1) to directly or indirectly refute part or all of the government's case. as both speeches are essentially the same.

are to support the First Proposition team while simultaneously moving the proposition position in a new and positive direction. The responsibilities of the Member of the Government may include some or all of the following: 1) to briefly support the case developed by the First Proposition team. 2) to refute some or all of the arguments presented by the Leader of the Opposition. Deputy Leader of the Opposition The Deputy Leader of the Opposition‟s responsibilities may include some or all of the following: 1) to continue refutation initiated by the Leader of the Opposition. 4) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Government's stance. initiated in this speech. 4) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Opposition's stance. 3) to initiate a new argument against the motion as interpreted by the First Proposition team.The Leader of the Opposition may also challenge the interpretation of the government's case if it is unreasonable. 2) to introduce a different argument. Deputy Prime Minister The Deputy Prime Minister‟s responsibilities may include some or all of the following: 1) to reestablish the First Proposition‟s case by confronting any refutation presented by the Leader of the Opposition. 3) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Government's stance. 3) to further develop the case presented by the Prime Minister. 2) to reestablish the Leader of Opposition‟s arguments against the motion. if it completely misinterprets the motion or severely inhibits meaningful debate. that is. Member of the Government The primary roles of the Second Proposition team. sometimes called a “case extension” which is consistent with yet different from the case introduced by the First Proposition team. .

especially from that of the Second Opposition team.Member of the Opposition The primary roles of the Second Opposition team. 2) to reply to any new arguments introduced by the Member of the Opposition. compatible with. 3) to summarize the debate from the perspective of the Proposition Teams. 4) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Opposition's stance. 4) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Government's stance. initiated in this speech. . but different from that of the First Opposition Team. are to support the First Opposition team while simultaneously moving the opposition position in a new and positive direction. 3) to summarize the debate from the perspective of the Proposition Teams. The responsibilities of the Member of the Opposition may include some or all of the following: 1) to briefly support one or more arguments introduced by the First Opposition team. 4) to employ other strategies deemed necessary in advancing the Opposition's stance. The Government Whip should not introduce new arguments into the debate. Opposition Whip The responsibilities of the Opposition Whip may include some or all of the following: 1) to support any new arguments introduced by the Member of the Opposition. 3) to introduce some new argument. 2) to introduce direct and/or indirect refutation to the case extension presented by the Member of Government. Government Whip The responsibilities of the Government Whip may include some or all of the following: 1) to support any new arguments introduced by the Member of the Government. especially from that of the Second Proposition team. 2) to reply to any new arguments introduced by the Member of the Government.

The fifth speaker is Juliani Damayantie 5.The fourt speaker is Dian Rismayanti 4.I (Taken & Received) Teamwork . Eye Contact.O. TYPES OF DEBATES Factual Debate–Is it or is it not the case? Did it or did it not happen? –THBT Germany is to blame for WW2 –THBT the capitalist system is doomed to collapse –THBT our education system is a failure Value Debate–What should our values be & why? Is it Better or Worse –for us (and / or Societyas a whole?) –THBT the sanctity of life ought to be valued over the quality of life –THBT the economy should be prioritized over the environment –THBT we should have more freedom Policy Debate–What is the problem and how do we fix it? –THW ban smoking –THW outlaw experimentation on chimpanzees –THW impose democracy. Pitch & Pause Body Language: Stand Upright. Hand Gestures Energy Level Matter – Content:  Support to Argument  Validity of Argument  Level of Analysis Method – Strategy: Timing Structure / Signposting P. JUDGING CRITERIA Manner – Matter – Method Manner – Style: Confidence. Confidence. Confidence Tone of Voice: Pace.

The Member of Government now speaks 14. There will be two opening teams . 10. The Government Whip speaks 16. One person on side opposition. where you cannot make any Points of Information. 2.The six speaker is Anengsih 6. Decide which team gets to get to pick whether it will choose the topic first or the side to argue for 3.the Opening Government and the Opening Opposition. called the Prime Minister. Points of information can be given to the opposing side when they are speaking. speaks next 12. speaks first. the first and last minute are protected time. speaks next 11. called the Deputy Prime Minister. How to Debate (British Parliament Style) Steps: 1. 4. You and a partner receive your topic around 10 minutes before the debate begins. called the Deputy Leader of the Opposition. For every debate. One person on side government. 8. 6. 7. One person on side government. There are generally 3 topics and 2 sides. 9. 5. One person on side opposition. speaks next. Organize four teams of two people. The closing sides now debate. The Member of Opposition now speaks 15. First the opening sides debate. 13. The Opposition Whip is the last speaker in the debate . called the Leader of the Opposition.

wikihow.com/Debate-(British-Parliament-Style) .2005.(Ed).North Melbourne: Australia Debating Federation.Australia-Asia Debating Guide. Quinn.Simon.Debating.com http://www.learndebating.Ray. Brisbane: http://www.REFERENSI D‟Cruz.2003.2nd Edition.