MUET WRITING: Introduction

The main aim of MUET paper 4 is to test the ability of students to write various types of text in English fluently and in a mature, logical and organized fashion. Two writing tasks are set to assess the ability of the MUET candidate: transferring information from a non-linear source a linear text and writing a piece of extended. Paper 4: writing Duration: 90 minutes 40 minutes for QUESTION 1 50 minutes for QUESTION 2 Instruction: QUESTION 1: Write a report /article about 150 to 200 words describing all the information given QUESTION 2: Write an essay at least 350 words long based on a topic given ANSWERING STRATEGY QUESTION 1: I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. QUESTION 2: I. II. III. IV.

Analyze and study the stimulus and graphic aid. Focus on the task and join down points. Organize your points, use logical sequencing and cohesive devices. Describe what the table/graph shows. Link the data presented Do NOT give opinions and don’t copy words from stimulus. Do NOT give answer using bullet point write report/article in full.

Read the question carefully. Prepare an outline – introduction, body and conclusion. Organize according to topic sentence, supporting ideas and/paragraphs. Link them using cohesive devices.

Interpretation and outline Interpretations the bar chart (see interpretation and outline for one stimuli on page 175). Interpretation the table. Compare and contrast the price of both the imported and local cars from the year 1980 to 2000 Title Giver title of the essay Controlling idea State the main or controlling idea Trend State the trend Analysis Provide analysis of the data provided Conclusion Summarize main findings Sample Essay Different modes of commuter transport in Kuala Lumpur

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1990. this price drop caused an increase in car ownership. The tread indicates the growing use of cars for commuting to work between 1980 and 2000. The use of cars has had the strongest on the public transporting system . Rose (to) Increased (to) Went up (to) Climbed (to) boomed Fell(to) Declined(to) Decreased(to) Dipped(to) Dipped (to) Dropped (to) Went down(to) Slumped(to) Reduced(to) A rise An increase Growth An upward trend A boom (a dramatic rise) A decrease A decline A fall A drop A slump A reduction Leveled out (at) Did not change (at) Remained steady (at) Stayed constant (at) Maintained the same level Fluctuated (around) Peaked (at) Stood at (we use this phrase to focus on a particular point . before we mention the movement . and 2000. reaching almost 40% by 2000 as prices of imported and local car dropped significantly . Car use increased steadily from just over 5% in 1980 to 23% in 1990 .) A leveling out No change A fluctuation reached a (of) reached at. Unemployment stood at….. and caused the popularity of buses to drop from just under 35% in 1980 to 27% in 1990 and 15% in 2000. but climbing back to reach 25% by 2000. but fell to about 23% in 2000 . . for example in the movement for year . There is a clear correlation between the growing use of cars and the decline in popularity of buses.and the corresponding decline in the popularity of buses from being the most popular mode of transport in 1980 to the least popular in 2000 Train commuter numbers rose from just under 20% in 1980 to about 27% in 1990. falling from around 27% of commuters in 1980. to 22% in 1990 . motorcycle use has bee relatively stable .The graph shows the different modes of commuter transport used in Kuala Lumpur 1980.

Describing the degree of change ADJECTIVES Dramatic Enormous Steep Substantial considerable ADVERBS Dramatically Enormously Steeply Substantially considerably Adjectives Significant Moderate Slight Minimal Adverbs Significantly Moderately Slightly Minimally Describing the speed of change Adjectives Rapid Quick Swift Sadden Adverbs Rapidly Quickly Swiftly Suddenly Adjectives Steady Gradual Slow Adverbs Steadily Gradually Slowly Useful adjectives to compare and contrast Positive Cheap Comparative Cheaper Superlative Cheapest .

Starting with the subject Red is the professional is the Mexico is the More Far more Much more Many more A lot more Substantially more Considerably more Significantly more Slightly more fractionally more Most second /third most least men holiday makers Popular Most prevalent Common Are employed in the manufacturing sector Come from Mexico Than… Car colour. Employment category Holiday destination . Starting with the adjective The highest The greatest The lowest Proportion of The most significant Number of The smallest The largest Holiday makers Come from Sabah Cars sold Are blue Percentage of Men Are employed in the executive category.Large Good Bad Striking Profitable Larger Better Worse More striking More profitable Largest Best Worst Most striking Most profitable Describing one part of the chart /graph.

Do not spend longer than 40 minutes on this task. Don’t give opinions. etc. Understand what the important stages of the flowchart or diagram are. diagram or chart. Do not copy the question or the instruction. ‘at the same time’. Write in your own the data is about. Don’ts · · · · · · Don’t start writing immediately. Do not include information that is not on the graph. Organize your information clearly. Understand what the axes on the graph (s) or the percentage in the pie chart (s) represent. Think about tenses and time. Use sequence expressions such as ‘first of all’. ‘next’. Guidelines Dos Spend about 5 minutes reading the graph (s) or chart (s) and prepare your answer. Focus on the key information or important trends. Look for ways to compare data. ‘finally’. ‘after that’. and that you know order they all came in.Starting with the subject As quite as just as nearly as almost as not as Blue cars are Men are Kajang is As Common Popular prevalent More Much more Far more Substantially more Considerably more Slightly more Fractionally more less Much less Far less Considerably less Fractionally less Than…. particularly when comparing data. Describe and report information. · · · · · · · · · · · . You will need an : (1) introduction (2)body (3) conclusion Read through what you have written. Don’t repeat the same words in the chart in your essay. when describing a process or flow chart.

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