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Butterflies are insects. A butterfly’s lifecycle is made up of four parts, egg, larva (caterpillars), pupa (chrysalis) and adult. Butterflies attach their eggs to leaves with a special glue. Most caterpillars are plant eaters (herbivores). Fully grown caterpillars attach themselves to a suitable twig or leaf before shedding their outside layer of s in to reveal a hard s in underneath nown as a chrysalis. An adult butterfly will eventually emerge from the chrysalis where it will wait a few hours for its wings to fill with blood and dry, before flying for the first time. Butterflies can live in the adult stage from anywhere between a wee and a year, depending on the species. Butterflies have four wings. Butterflies often have brightly coloured wings with uni!ue patterns made up of tiny scales. Most butterflies feed on nectar from flowers.

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". . "cientists estimate that there are between #$%%% and &%%%% different species of butterfly.• • Butterflies have taste receptors on their feet. females will lay eggs and a new generation of monarchs will travel bac . Monarch butterflies are nown for their long migration. #ccordin! to scientists there are about "$ $$$ known butterfly species around the world. It was actually known as 'Butter-colored Fly' earlier before !ettin! its official name. Birdwing butterflies have large. • • 1. %.a variety commonly seen across Europe. angular wings and fly in a similar way to birds. It is believed that the name 'butterfly' was first coined to describe the Yellow Brimstone Butterfly -. Butterflies and moths belon! to the order &epidoptera which is derived from the 'reek words (lepidos( and (pteron( that mean scale and win! respectively. 'very year monarch butterflies will travel a great distance (sometimes over (%%% m). completing the cycle.

*hese patterns are also useful in courtship rituals. *he vivid colors are due to overlappin! bri!ht scales. *hese insects fly in circles around one another to find a mate. *he win!s are very delicate and can !et dama!ed if touched lifted or held by hands. +.). -ome desi!ns deceive predators into thinkin! them to be some other lar!er creature. 0thers like the 1abba!e 2hite Butterfly lay their e!!s on cabba!e leaves3 the e!!s and caterpillars that emer!e are velvety !reen and blend in well with the cabba!e leaves. 4. -ome butterfly species like the 5ainted &ady are mi!ratory and are known to fly thousands of miles durin! winters. *hey are found worldwide e7cept on the . *he scales too can !et rubbed off if touched. -ome lay their e!!s on the underside of specific plants. *hese desi!ns are intended for camoufla!e purposes.. . *hey have four win!s which are actually transparent. . /. 6.any of them have intricate and pretty patterns on their win!s.

1/. 1$. 11. *hey achieve this by baskin! under the sun so that they can absorb the sunrays. 5ollen !ets attached to the le!s of the butterfly and is carried from plant to plant assistin! in fertili9ation and the propa!ation of new seeds and plants. 1+. 1". 1%.ost species are diurnal.continent of #ntarctica. *hey wei!h as little as two rose petals: 14. *hey tend to thrive mostly in the *ropics where the abundant fauna provides them with food and breedin! !rounds.8 F.. *he body of an adult butterfly is divided into head thora7 and abdomen. *hey fly durin! the day and close their win!s while restin!. 1. *hey have si7 le!s. *his is because their taste sensors are found in their feet. Bein! cold-blooded it becomes necessary for them to !et warm with the help of their fli!ht muscles. Instead of a mouth butterflies have a lon! straw-like structure called proboscis. *hey taste food by standin! on it. . Birdwin! butterflies possess lar!e an!ular . 1). *hey cannot fly if their body temperature is less than 4.

#s it increases in si9e the skin of the caterpillar !rows with it and so it is necessary for the insect to shed it.ocky . "$. *hey e7crete . ").ost caterpillars shed their out!rown skin five times before enterin! the pupa sta!e. *hey like rottin! fruit and animal dun!.ale -wallowtail butterflies habitually !ather around mud puddles to !et nutrients and .ountains at altitudes of 1) $$$ feet. -ome like the .onarchs and .ournin! 1loaks can live up to 6 to 1$ months but others live anywhere from a few months to weeks or maybe even for some hours. . 16. Butterflies have very short lifespans.econium a red li<uid =that looks like blood> which is made up of waste material from the pupal sta!e.win!s because of which they appear to fly like birds. 5arnassian butterflies have been found hi!h up in the . . "". #ll butterflies aren't nectar-lovin!. -ome such as . "1. "%.ed #dmiral Butterfly have decidedly peculiar tastes.

1ertain butterfly species like the . ". *his is known as (puddlin!(. "+. Butterflies are fra!ile creatures and their population can either thrive or be adversely affected with chan!es in the climatic conditions. *hese muscles help the caterpillar move very <uickly from place to place.minerals from the mud. "/. "6. "4. 5lenty of butterflies indicate a healthy and wellbalanced ecosystem while a dearth can denote a possible environmental problem. *hey are a valuable source of food for various birds and thus play an important role in maintainin! the ecolo!ical balance. In the .. 1aterpillars are boneless but have over 1$$$ muscles. . 1onservation of natural habitats and reduction in the use of pesticides herbicides and other chemicals are re<uired for their proliferation.onarch Butterfly produce to7ins that discoura!e predators from feedin! on them.onarch's case the to7in production is aided by the milkweed plant on which it usually feeds.

bu99le.comAeditorialsA%-"""$$+-.ead more at Bu99le@ http@AAwww. ?erces Blue a beautiful-lookin! #merican butterfly species that was found in the -an Francisco 5eninsula became e7tinct in 16)% due to habitat loss.asp . -ome butterflies are becomin! <uite rare as their natural habitats are shrinkin!. .%$./)+/.