Part of Speech

“Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has. Most grammar books say that there are eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns,

conjunctions, prepositions and interjections. We will add one more type: articles.
It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in English, so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are: 1. Noun A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea, living creature, quality, or action. Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival Nouns (nouns) can be divided into two, namely the objects that can be counted (countable nouns) and objects that can not be calculated (uncountable nouns). A description of the Noun (noun) can be seen in the table below.
COUNTABLE NOUNS I eat an apple every day. I like apples. Apple is a thing that can be counted (countable noun). Objects that can be counted, divided into two. namely: Singular noun (singular = one object) plural object (plural = 2 items or more), for plural noun must end with the addition of the letter "S". example: An apple = single Apples = plural Example Countable Nouns: book, chair, song, cup, lamp, ambulance, accident, etc. Example Uncoubtabe Nouns: music, sand, money, luck, water, electricity, etc. UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS I eat rice every day. I like rice. Rice is a thing that can not be calculated (uncountable noun). Objects that can not be calculated only have one form only (eg rice). We can not use numbers to objects that can not be calculated.

2. Pronoun A pronoun is used instead of a noun, to avoid repeating the noun. Examples:

a. Personal pronouns: I, mine, me; you, yours; he, his, him; she, hers, her; it, its; we, ours, us; they, theirs, them. b. Interrogative pronouns: who, whose, whom, which, what c. Relative pronouns (include): who, who, whose, which, that; whoever, whomever, whichever d. Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those e. Indefinite pronouns (include): all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, many, neither, nobody, no one, none, one, others, some, somebody, someone, such f. Intensive or reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves 3. Verb

A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or a state (being something). Examples: walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want

The verbs are divided into two, namely Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs.
Example Regular Verbs Cook, Repair, Wash, Paint, Kiss,Check, Watch, Treat, etc Example Irregular Verbs Bring Take Go Get Etc. Bentuk VERB 2 & VERB 3 dariRegular Verbs diakhiri dengan “-ed”. Contoh: cooked, washed, kissed,etc. Brought Took Went Got Brought Taken Gone Gotten

Silahkan dilihat di kamus untuk bentuk kata kerja tak beraturan (Irregular Verbs).

4. Adverb An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. It tells you how something is done. It may also tell you when or where something happened. Examples: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here, everywhere
Sam drives carefully along road. She speaks English perfectly.

5. Adjective An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It tells you something about the noun.
We use adjectives (adjectives) before nouns (nouns), for example: Shelly is a beautiful singer. They are smart student. He speaks perfect English. We use adjectives (adjectives) after some verbs, especially the "be", and also "look, feel, sound, etc", for example: Please be quiet. I am hungry.

I feel happy.

6. Preposition A preposition usually comes before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. Examples: on, in, by, with, under, through, at
Prepositions Contoh: at 14.30 at Fungsi Prepositions Untuk menunjukkan suatu waktu dalam hari at midnight at dinner time, etc.

Untuk menunjukkan posisi Contoh: at the window at the door, etc.

Untuk menunjukkan suatu hari dan tanggal Contoh: on Sunday on on 21st March 2012 on my birthday, etc.

Untuk menunjukkan posisi Contoh: on the floor on the table on page, etc. Untuk menunjukkan periode waktu yg lama Contoh: in summer in the 1990s in the past, etc.

in Untuk menunjukkan posisi Examples: In the bedroom in the beach in a box, etc. menunjukkan posisi Contoh Prepositions yang digunakan adalah:beside, in front of, behind, under, etc. untuk

7. Conjunction Conjunctions are used to connect the word with the word, phrase by phrase, clause by clause, and sentence by sentence. Various and Sample CONJUNCTION Some Conjunctions are commonly used are: But, and, although, so, if, or, after, until, for, so that, in spite of, Because, After / before, etc. And there is some form of Paired Conjunctions (paired conjunctions), please note the example below: Both ... and .... example: Both my mother and my sister are here. Not only ... but also ... example: Not only my mother but also my sister is here. Not only sisters but also parents are here.

For more information, please also refer to the Use of Conjunctions "Both - And" and "Not Only But Also". Either ... or ... example: Either my sister or my parents are here. Neither ... nor ... example: Neither my mother nor my sister is here. For more information, please also refer to the Use of Conjunctions "Either - Or" and "Neither Nor". Conjunctions forms: Single Form (singular) as: and, but, Because, although. Compound (Compound) like: provided that, as long as, in order that. Correlative (Linking) like: so ... that 8. Interjection

An interjection is an unusual kind of word, because it often stands alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise, and they are usually followed by exclamation marks.