Algebra Semester 1 Review Name___________________________________

In order to earn full credit, ALL WORK must be sown on ALL !roblems"
#e $uestions tat are circled are tose tat %ou sould not use a calculator to solve"
1.) To find the mileage, or how many miles per gallon a car can travel, you can use the expression
g
m
where m is the distance in miles and g is the number of gallons of gas used. Find the mileage
for a car that travels 35 miles on 1! gallons of gas.
".) #valuate the expression ( ) 3 "$ 3 ÷ + ⋅ n , given n % 3.
3.) &implify
( ) ( )
3 " 3 " 3
" 3 3 5 ' 5 + ÷ ⋅ − ⋅
!.) #valuate the expression
3
12 16 x x − +
, when x % 3.
5.) &implify ( ) ( ) 3 ! 3 $ ' $
" "
+ ÷ ⋅ − ⋅
a.) "$ b.) "!3 c.) 1() d.) "'1
'.) &uppose one person can do a *ob in x minutes, and a different person can do the same *ob in y minutes.
The
time +in minutes) in which the *ob can be completed by both people wor,ing together can be found using the
expression
y x
xy
+
. -f it ta,es you ' minutes to sweep your ,itchen floor and it ta,es your brother ( minutes,
how long would it ta,e both you and your brother wor,ing together.
$.) -t is ,nown that a cyclist can travel !1.! miles in 3 hours. /t that rate, how far can the same
cyclist travel in $ hours.
a.) )5." milesb.) )$.( miles c.) )'.' miles d.) )$.! miles
!age 1
Functions
y % "x 0 3
y % "x 1 3
y % "x 0 !
y % 3x 1 3
-nput 2utput
1 11
) '
! 5
(.) / shipping service charges 3.!3 for the first ounce and 3.") for each additional ounce of pac,age
weight.
4rite an e5uation to represent the price P of shipping a pac,age that weighs x ounces, for any whole number
of ounces greater than or e5ual to 1.
).) / store that sells gift bas,ets is having a promotional sale. 6ustomers can ma,e their own fruit bas,ets
to use
as gifts. 6ustomers pay 33. for a bas,et and add 3." per pound for all types of fruit. The cost for a
bas,et containing p pounds of fruit is 3!.3. 4hich e5uation could be used to find p, the number of pounds of
fruit in this bas,et.
a.) 3. 1 ."p % !.3 b.) +." 1 !.3)p % 3.
c.) 3.+!.3 1 p) % 3. d.) ." 1 3.p % !.3
1.) 4rite an e5uation e5uivalent to the verbal statement7 8three times the sum of a number n and $ is 1'.8
11.) 9a,e an input:output table for the function y % "x 1 !. ;se x :values of 1, ", 3, !, and 5.
X
y
1".) <oes the following data represent wind speed as a function of lift.
13.) 4hich of the functions represents the input:output table.

1!.) Find the range of the function.
!age
Wind s!eed &mi'( 1 " 3 !
Lift &ft's( !.' "" ! 3"
-nput 2utput
3
1 5
" $
3 )
)
15.) =ist a value of x so that the relation is not a function. >+', "), +5, 3), +1, ), +x , !)?

1'.) #valuate the expression
12 − −
.
1$.) ;se the concept of opposites to simplify @+0 +0+0+!)))).
1(.) Aeather is selling fruit as a fund raiser for the soccer team. &he has sold 5 pounds so far.
The graph shows the profit related to the amount of fruit sold.
a.) 4rite a function rule for the graph. ;se the function rule to find the
profit if Aeather sells a total of 3 pounds of fruit.
b.) /nother student claims that Aeather must sell 5 pounds of fruit to ma,e
a profit of 3". -s this true. 4hy or why not.
1).) Find the sum.
a.) 0! 1 +013) b.) "(.!3 1 +013.1$) 1 ".$.

".) 9elissa ,eeps trac, of the profit made each month by her business. Aer profits for the three
months of Bune, Buly, and /ugust were 3"',)(5, 0313,!, and 03!,!".
a.) 4hat was her total profit for the summer.
b.) 9elissa adds the last two amounts in the list first, then adds that sum to the first amount.
Aer business partner adds the first two amounts first, then adds that sum to the last amount.
4ill they get the same sum. 4hy or why not.
!age *
"1.) #valuate 0+0!) 0 +05) 1 '
"".) Find the change in temperature from 013C6 to 15C6.
"3.) &implify the expression +0$) 1 ' 1 D0+" 0 3)E.
"!.) #valuate the expression
( ) 10 28 − − − x
when x % 015.
"5.) &implify +0$)+5)+')
"'.) &implify the expression ) " + 1 c −
"$.) &implify7 5+)x 0 5y)
"(.) Fill wants to simplify the following expression7 5+3x 0 "y) 1 "+x 1 "y) 0 3+3x 0 "y)
4hich of the following expressions is e5uivalent to the expression above.
a.) (x b.) (x 0 1"y c.) (xy d.) (x 0 (y
").) &implify7 0!+x 1 3)
3.) &implify the expression 0"+"x 1 (+03 1 x))
31.) Gat wrote this mathematical sentence7
' 3 3
1" 3 ) x x x · +
. #xplain her mista,e and how to correct it.
3".) Find the 5uotient.
,
_

¸
¸
− ÷
)
!
1"
!age +
33.) 4hat is the multiplicative inverse of
1)
)
.
a.) 1) b.) ) c.)
)
1)
d.)
1)
1
3!.) Find the 5uotient
3
"
" ( ÷
a.) 3 b.)
3
1
"1 c.)
3
"
d.)
'!
3
35.) 4hich of the following is an irrational number.
a.)
1! −
b.)
'
5
c.) ... 5$5$5$ . d.) ) −
3'.) Find all s5uare roots of the number .'!.
3$.) &olve the following e5uations7
a.) "' 1" · + x b.) 15
5
· −
x
c.) 3
3
"
· x
3(.) / college student has set aside 3"! for the rest of the school year to use the coin:operated laundry facility in
his dormitory. #ach time he uses the machines, it costs 3$.5. 6hoose the e5uation that represents the
amount remaining in his fund, f, after he has done laundry x times. Find the amount remaining in the fund
after 1" trips to the laundry facility.
a.) f % "! 0 $.5x H 3). b.) f % "! 0 $.5x H 315.
c.) f % $.5 0 "!x H 315. d.) f % $.5 0 "!x H 3).
3).) The temperature was xC F. -t rose 15C F and is now 3)C F.
4rite and solve an e5uation to find the original temperature.
!.) IaryJs cellular phone bill averages 35'.35 per month, based on a fixed fee of 3").)5 and 3."" per minute of
usage. The phone company has decided to reduce the per:minute charge to 3.1(. Aow much does this
change save Iary in an average month.
!1.) Kou are going to varnish a floor that is "$ ft. by '3 ft. 2ne pint of varnish covers "3 yd
"
of space.
Aow many pints of varnish do you need.
!age ,
!".) Bohn wor,s as a salesman for a cellular telephone service. Ae is paid 3"5 per wee, plus 315 for each
contract a customer signs. Ae needs to earn at least 3!5 per wee, in order to meet his living expenses.
4hat is the fewest number of contracts he needs to sell each wee, to meet his living expenses.
!3.) 9ichelle wants to earn 3) selling "" ,nit scarves. &he wants to sell each scarf for 3! less than her
competitor. -f x is the price charged by her competitor, which e5uation models the situation.
a.) "+"") 1 "x % ) b.) ""x % ) c.) ""+x 0 !) % ) d.) "" 1 !x % )
!!.) / rental car agency charges 31! per day plus 3.1! per mile to rent a certain car. /nother agency charges
31( per day plus 3.$ per mile to rent the same type of car. Aow many miles per day will have to be driven
for the cost of a car from the first agency to e5ual the cost of a car from the second agency.
!5.) &olve the e5uation.
a.) "(
1
!
· + y b.) 5
! "
· +
x x
c.) 5) 5 "3 $ · + + n n
d.) 1" $
5
"5
· − x
x
e.) ( ) $ 3
!
1
· + y f.) ( ) 11 " " 5 − · − − n n
g.) z z ( 5 ! 3 + − · − h.) ! 3 3 + · − x x i.) ( ) " ! ) " 1! 5 + − · − + x x x
*.)
w
5
!
(
· ,.)
x x
5
!
3
·

!'.) Two machines can complete 5 tas,s every ! days. =et t represent the number of tas,s these machines can
!age -
complete in a 31:day month. 4hich proportion can you use to find the value of t.
a.)
!1 1
31 t
· b.)
5 31
! t
· c.)
31 !
5 t
· d.)
31 5
! t
·
!$.) / cyclist can travel ").' miles in " hours. /t this rate, how far can the same cyclist travel in !5 minutes.
!(.) 9adison solved the following e5uation7 ( ) ' 5 "
5
"
· − x .
/s a first step, she rewrote the e5uation as 15 5 2 · − x .
a.) Fy what number did 9adison multiply both sides of the e5uation. 4hy did she choose this number.
b.) 4hat is the solution of the e5uation.
!).) Laul uses '.)$ pounds of ground beef to ma,e a casserole that serves 1$ people. Aow many pounds would
he need to ma,e the casserole for 13 people.
5.) / classroom contains 1( girls and "! boys. 4rite the ratio of girls to boys in the classroom as a fraction in
lowest terms.
51.) 2f every 5 hot dogs 9artha sold, 3 had sauer,raut. 4hat percent of the hot dogs sold had sauer,raut.
a.) M ' b.) M
5
3
c.) M ' d.) M ' .
5".) &hown below is a picture and its enlargement. The width and length of the smaller picture are ) and 1"
inches respectively. The length of the larger picture is "( inches. 4hat is the width of the larger picture.
53.) / survey was ta,en to determine the favorite sub*ects of (th graders. The results are shown in the graph.
/bout what percent of students chose &ocial &tudies as their favorite sub*ect.
!age .

5!.) &olve y %
(
5
b 1 1 for b.
55.) Iraph the e5uation x % 05. 5'.) 4hat is the range of the function in the graph.
5$.) &,etch the graphs of x % 0" and y % 0!.
Find the point at which the two graphs intersect.
5(.) &tate the x : and y :intercepts of the line
with the e5uation y % 0"x 1 !.
5).) &,etch the line given by, 3x – !y = 01".
=abel the x : and y :intercepts.
'.) Find the slope of the line that contains +0(, ") and +$, 0!).
!age /
'1.) Find the slope of the line passing through the points A +(, 1) and B +03, 0').
'".) #xplain the difference between positive slope and negative slope.
'3.) Lewrite the e5uations in slope:intercept form and graph the line.
a.) 5x 0 "y % $ b.) 3x 0 y 0 " %
'!.) Find the slope and y:intercept of the line '
'
1
+ − · x y . -s the line parallel to
' ' + − · x y
.
'5.) The depth of the water in BeanneJs hot tub varies directly with the number of minutes that the faucet is
turned on. /t (715 /.9. Beanne started filling her circular hot tub with water. /t (75) /.9. there was a foot of
water in the tub. 4hen will the hot tub have
!
3
" feet of water in it.
a.) 11715 /.9. b.) 175) /.9. c.) 1715 /.9. d.) 171' /.9.
''.) / monthly phone bill, b(m), consists of a 3"( service fee plus 3.13 per
minute, m, of long distance calls, given by the function b(m) % "( 1 .13m.
<raw a graph for up to and including 1" minutes of long distance
calls made in a month. #stimate the bill if (! minutes of long distance
calls are made.
!age 0
'$.) Iraph the function x
!
3
) x + g · .
'(.) Find the value of x so that f+x) % 13. f+x) % x 0 1
').) 6hoose an e5uation, in slope:intercept form, of a line with a slope $ and a y:intercept of 0).
a.) y % $x 0 ) b.) y % $x 1 ) c.) x % $y 0 ) d.) )
$
1
− · x y
$.) 4hen /idan had his picture ta,en, the photographer charged
a 31 sitting fee and 3' for each sheet of pictures purchased.
a.) 4rite the function for the situation, where x is the
number of sheets purchased.
b.) Iraph this function.
$1.) 4rite an e5uation in slope:intercept form of the graph.
!age 11
N
N
$".) The cost of a school ban5uet is 3)5 plus 315 for each person attending. 4rite an e5uation that gives total
cost as a function of the number of people attending. 4hat is the cost for $$ people.
a.) y % 1'x 0 )5 H 31' b.) y % )5x 1 15 H 3$33
c.) y % 15x 1 )5 H 31"5 d.) y % )5x 1 15 H 3$3
$3.) 4rite an e5uation of the line with slope
3
1
and y:intercept 0!.
$!.) 4rite an e5uation of the line shown.
$5.) 4rite an e5uation for the function in the form, f +x) % mx + b.
f +0!) % 033, f +) % 05
$'.) 4rite an e5uation of the line passing through the point +0$, 0') with slope m % !.
$$.) The graph for a stable that charges a 3" flat fee plus 31 per hour for
horsebac, riding is shown. Aow will the graph change if the stable changes
its charges to a flat fee of 33 plus 315 per hour.
$(.) 4rite the e5uation in slope:intercept form of the line that passes through the points +$, 01) and +", )).
$).) 4rite an e5uation, in point:slope form, of the line that passes through the point +', 05) and has the slope
2
1

!age 11
(.) 4rite an e5uation in point:slope form of the line that passes through the points +05, 0!) and +', 3).
a.) ) 5 +
11
$
! + · + x y b.) ) 5 +
$
11
! + · + x y
c.) ) ! +
11
$
5 + · + x y d.) ) ! +
$
11
5 + · + x y
(1.) 4rite an e5uation in point:slope form of the line that passes through +0$,1) and has slope m %
2
1
.
(".) 4rite an e5uation in point:slope form of the line that passes through the points +0", 05) and +0', !).
(3.) 4rite the e5uation of the horiOontal line passing through the point +$, !).
(!.) 4rite the e5uation of the vertical line passing through the point +05, ").
(5.) 4rite an e5uation of the line with undefined slope that passes through the point +(, 01).
('.) The clearing house has resistors that sell for 33.5 each and circuit boards that sell for 3"."5 each.
4rite an ine5uality that represents how many of each type of electronic e5uipment can be bought with at
least 3$.
($.) 4rite an e5uation in standard form of the line that passes through the two given points. +03, ") and +1, 0 !).
((.) 4rite an e5uation of the line that passes through +01(, 0!) and is parallel to the line 3
3
1
+ · x y .
().) 4hich of the following lines is P2T parallel to the line shown in the graph.
a.)
3 3 · +y x
b.)
) 3 · − x y

c.)
) ! 1" · + − y x
d.)
3 3 · −y x
!age 1)

N
N
).) 4rite an e5uation of the line that passes through +!, ) and is perpendicular to the line 1
5
1
+ · x y .
)1.) Tell whether x and y show a positive correlation, negative correlation,
or relatively no correlation.
)".) Fianca is ma,ing home:made cards to send to friends
and family and to sell at the local craft fair. This scatter
plot shows the total number of cards she had made after
each hour she wor,ed on the tas,. ;sing this information,
predict the number of cards that Fianca can ma,e in 1" hours.
)3.) / biology student recorded data for a science pro*ect and graphed
them on a scatter plot.
a.) <raw a line that appears to fit the points in the scatter plot closely.
b.) 4rite an e5uation for the line you drew.
#xplain how you wrote the e5uation.
c.) ;se the e5uation you wrote in part b to approximate the
value of y for x % 1.5
)!.) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 01.!x Q 011."
)5.) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 y 1 ) R
)'.) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 !x 1 ! R "+x 0 ")
)$.) Kour veterinarian tells you that a healthy weight for your dog
is between $ and ( pounds. 4rite an ine5uality to
!age 1*
3 3 x ≥ +
represent your dogJs healthy weight w in ilograms.
)(.) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 0( S !x 1 " S (
)).) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 x 1 3 S ! and 0"x Q 1

1.) &olve7
3 " ! · + x
101.) &olve and graph the ine5uality7 │!x 0 "│Q 3
1".) &olve and graph the ine5uality
13.)
Iraph the ine5ualities.
a.) x S 0$ b.) y Q
$
3
x @ "
!age 1+
1!.) &olve the system
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
+ − ·
· +
x
"
1
3 y
y x
by graphing.
15.) ;se the addition method to solve the system of e5uations.
¹
'
¹
· −
· +
y " ! x
3" y " x 5
1'.) 9r. Fran,el bought $ tic,ets to a puppet show and spent 3!3. Ae bought a combination of child tic,ets for
3! each and adult tic,ets for 3) each. 4hich system of e5uations below will determine the number of adult
tic,ets TaU and the number of child tic,ets TcU he bought.
a.)
¹
'
¹
· +
− ·
!3 c ! a )
) c a
b.)
¹
'
¹
· +
· +
$ c a
!3 c ! a )
c.)
¹
'
¹
· +
· +
31 c a
$ c a
d.)
¹
'
¹
· +
· +
$ c a
5 c ! a !
1$.) &olve the system for the value of x.
¹
'
¹
− · −
· +
) y x "
y x
1(.) &olve the linear system by any method.
!age 1,
a.)
¹
'
¹
· +
· −
3 y x
1 y x
b.)
¹
¹
¹
'
¹
− − ·
+ ·
3 x y
" x
3
"
y

1).) The length of a rectangle is ( cm more than four times the width. -f the perimeter
of the rectangle is !' cm, what are the dimensions.
11.) ;se the substitution method to solve the system of e5uations.
¹
'
¹
· −
− · +
$ y x "
1 y ! x
111.) / rental car agency charges 315 per day plus 11 cents per mile to rent a certain car. /nother agency charges
31( per day plus ( cents per mile to rent the same car. Aow many miles will have to be driven for the cost of
a car from the first agency to e5ual the cost of a car from the second agency. #xpress the problem as a
system of linear e5uations and solve using the method of your choice.
11".) The sum of the ages of Getra and her mother is 53. Aer mother is 11 years more than twice as old as Getra.
Aow old are Getra and her mother.
113.) &olve the system of e5uations using the elimination method7
¹
'
¹
· −
· +
11 y ' x
) y ' x 3
!age 1-
11!.) 4hich system of e5uations has no solution.
a.)
¹
'
¹
· − −
· +
1! y "$ x "1
5 y ) x $
b.)
¹
'
¹
· +
· +
1! y $ x !
5 y ) x $
c.)
¹
'
¹
· −
· −
! y 3' x $
1 y ) x $
d.)
¹
'
¹
· −
· −
1 y 1) x 1!
5 y ) x $
115.) 4hich of the following describes the solution+s) of the system.
¹
'
¹
− · +
· +
" y 1" x (
1 y ! x '
a.) Po &olution b.) +0$, 13) c.) +5, 05) d.) +01, !)
11'.) 4hich choice best describes the solution+s) of the system of e5uations.
¹
'
¹
· + −
· + −
15 y 5 x 15
"! y ( x "!

a.) -nfinitely 9any &olutions
b.) +01, ) is the only solution
c.) +1, !() is the only solution d.) Po &olution
Solve te s%stem of linear ine$ualities b% gra!ing"
11$.) ¹
'
¹
− ≤
− ≤
3 y
1 x " y
11(.)

¹
'
¹
− − ≤
− ≥
( x " y
! x y
!age 1.
!age 1/