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CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing is a new technology which is introduced recently to store data, information

Cloud computing is a new technology which is introduced recently to store data, information of people around the world and even various handy applications over internet and remote servers. People do not have to install

several software or access their files individually. Everything is done by this

technology. What’s the advantage?


much more efficient and reliable

computing due to centralized storage, memory, processing and bandwidth. Users can now access various tools and applications using web browser as if they are installed on their own system. For example, for using a pencil, you don’t need to own an entire tree. All these email sites like gmail, yahoo etc. are based on cloud computing.

We share so many photos, videos and links all over internet. Be it Facebook, orkut, twitter etc. All this is nothing but a part of cloud computing. General trend shows that within a decade the majority of personal and business computing will be Internet based.


It all started in late 60’s when John McCarthy gave an idea that, why not publicize internet computing?!! One person said, “ya why not?”. Another said, “Sure we can”. Hence we got cloud computing.

However the term “cloud” is first coined while having a conversation is some telecommunication company, who previously offered P2P (point to

point) data circuits. They started offering VPN (Virtual Private Network) service at lower price and better quality. By doing that, they can now utilize entire bandwidth more efficiently. The cloud symbol was used which marks a boundary around provider and consumer including servers and network infrastructure. In 1997, a scholar used a term ‘cloud computing’ in a lecture by Ramnath Chellappa. Amazone played an important role in cloud computing.

[Quick Facts : Ireland could create 20,000 jobs by rebranding itself a world leader in "cloud computing". Industry chiefs also claim public sector costs could be slashed by shifting systems on to the new technology. Paul Rellis, managing director of Microsoft Ireland, said "the cloud" could be worth 9.5 billion euro to the economy by 2014 ]

How Does It Work?

Cloud computing consists of several layers. Once you are wired, it is possible to share services and data within any one of the following layers.

point) data circuits. They started offering VPN (Virtual Private Network) service at lower price and better


point) data circuits. They started offering VPN (Virtual Private Network) service at lower price and better

It consists of hardware or software necessary to perform Cloud computing. They are specially designed to perform cloud based services. Ex. Browser,OS,phones etc.


They come under SaaS (software as a Service). As the name suggest, they deliver software as a service over internet. They truncate any need of any software to be installed individually. One good thing about these auto-software is that

there is no need to worry about their updation or upgradation. Everything is handled online.


PaaS(Platform as a Service) serves as a platform for deploying applications without the need to spend for any hardware or software


Also known as IaaS(Infrastructure as a Service) provides a virtual environment for the platform as a service. Rather than purchasing servers, software, space or network equipment, clients instead buy those resources as a fully outsourced service. Suppliers bill such services and amount of resources consumed (and therefore the cost) will typically reflect the level of activity.


The servers layer consists of computer hardware and software that are specifically designed for the cloud services, including very high speed processors, cloud-specific operating systems and other powerful and robust hardware to perform instant execution of services.

The Outcome

By running business applications over internet servers, companies are enjoying some serious cost reduction. No maintenance costs, No licensing costs and no cost of the hardware required to run servers on-site. Furthermore, companies are able to run applications much more efficiently due to much more advanced hardware used in these servers as compared to their own machine.

The cloud vendors initially started with North America and followed the European market. It is now likely to expand in Asia and Latin America. Some regions such as Brazil, Poland, China, Japan, and India are believed to see an enormous amount of popularity. Cloud will prove to be popular in countries where software piracy has proven to be an issue.

Cloud computing is also more environmentally friendly as it removes the need for high-power PCs and laptops. Low-power computers having

processors such as Intel's Atom are sufficient to run cloud applications. Their use will cut user’s energy bills much as eighty percent.

Perhaps most notable achievement when it comes to next generation applications, are enabling the rise of augmented reality. This is where real-time cloud data is overlaid on the camera of a smartphone or other mobile device. For example, users of the “Layar” augmented reality browser can now see photos and tweets of Twitter users in their area, or dancing pizzas showing them where they might like to eat.

Programming a mobile phone or a robot to recognize everything is very difficult if one relies on internal data and processing power. However, a phone or robot with access to cloud resources including video feeds from other nearby cameras will be in a far better position to usefully make sense of the world around it. Along with augmented reality, the development of artificial intelligence is likely to be a very strong outcome for the mass adoption of cloud computing.

So go ahead and check out some cool and awesome cloud apps to get a much better view of the power of cloud computing. Make a carrier in cloud computing as this is the future of technology. In few years we can clearly notice the world shifting towards ‘cloud computing’ unless of course 2012 is not the end of the world.