ab extra = from without; from outside: For example: i) Concerning a case, a person may have received some information from a 3rd party: ii) The assistance may have been considered ab extra

ab initio = from the beginning

actus reus = guilty act; the objective element of a crime; the external element of a crime

actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea = the act does not make a person guilty unless the mind is also guilty

ad coelum/cuius est solum, eius est usque ad caelum et ad inferos = for whoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to Heaven and down to Hell

ad colligenda bona = to collect the goods

ad damnum = According to the harm; appropriate to the harm; a measure of damage inflicted, and implying a remedy if one exists that ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered.

ad hoc = for this (purpose); composed or designed for a particular purpose only

ad hominen = argument against the man; argument to the man: also see argumentum ad hominem

ad idem/consensus ad idem = mutual assent; of the same mind; meeting of the minds: the situation where there is a common understanding in the formation of the contract

ad infinitum = to infinity; continue forever; without limit

ad litem = for the suit; a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party

administrator de bonis non cum testamento annexo = administrator of goods not administered with the will annexed

ad nauseam = repeated continuously or continuing to the point of boredom

Ad quod damnum = According to the harm; appropriate to the harm; a measure of damage inflicted, and implying a remedy if one exists that ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered.

affidavit = declaration upon oath; a formal sworn statement of fact

alter ego = the other

a mensa et thoro = divorce a mensa et thoro; divorce from bed-and-board; a de facto separation while remaining legally married

amicus curiae/amici curiae = friend of the court/friends of the court

animus nocendi = animus-mind, noceo-to harm: the subjective state of mind of the author of a crime, with reference to the exact knowledge of illegal content of his behavior, and of its possible consequences.

ante = before

arguendo = for the sake of argument

a posteriori = after the fact; (logic) Involving deduction of theories from facts.

a priori = known ahead of time

argumentum a fortiori = even more so; from the stronger; with even stronger reason. For example: i) If it is illegal to steal one apple then it is also illegal to steal ten apples (from smaller to bigger, a minore ad maius): ii) If you can drink ten sodas then it follows that you can drink

five (from bigger to smaller, a maiore ad minus).

argumentum ad hominem = argument against the man; argument to the man; attacking the person; replying to an argument or factual claim by attacking or appealing to a characteristic or belief of the source making the argument or claim, rather than by addressing the substance of the argument or producing evidence against the claim

audi alteram partem = hear the other side.


bona fide/bona fides = good faith; in good faith; A Bona Fide agreement is one entered into without attempt to fraud; It is a state in which the person is cognatively and morally committed to do the right thing. Opposite: mala fide/mala fides = bad faith; in bad faith.

bona vacantia = vacant goods: Indicates the absence of any known person entitled to the estate of a deceased person


cadit quaestio = the question falls; is a legal term used to indicate that a settlement to a dispute or issue has been reached, and is now resolved

casus belli = act of war; cause for war

c.a.v. = the court wishes to be advised: abbreviation for curia advisari vult

caveat = beware; take care; let him beware: An entry in the (court) records that effectively prevents action by another party without first notifying the party entering the Caveat

caveat lector = let the reader beware

caveat emptor = let the buyer beware

consent makes the law conditio sine qua non = a condition without which it could not be or without which there is nothing. c. approximately clausula rebus sic stantibus = things thus standing : the legal doctrine allowing for treaties to become inapplicable because of a fundamental change of circumstances. all other things being equal circa.caveat venditor = let the seller beware certiorari = to be shown: an action of certiorari was suggested in terms of reviewing a case ceteris paribus = with other things the same. = around. contra ius commune = against common law contra ius gentium = against the law of nations confer = bring together consuetudo est altera lex = custom is another law . promises must be kept coitus interruptus = interrupted sexual intercourse prior to ejaculation compos mentis = of sound mind: Legally capable to conduct or defend proceedings: non compos mentis = not of sound mind concensus facit legem = agreement makes the law. permission makes the law. It is essentially an escape clause that makes an exception to the general rule of pact sunt servanda.

legal representatives who are appointed by court when the court believes that the person lacks the mental capacity to make decisions for themselves. without jurisdiction. cor (coram) = In the presence of coram Deo = in the Presence of God coram non judice = not in the presence of a judge. corpus = body . with improper venue. openly curator ad litem = a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party. coram populo = in the presence of the people. contradiction in itself contra legem = against the law contra proferentem = against the one bringing forth.consuetudo pro lege servatur = custom is kept before the law consuetudo vincit communem legem = custom overrules the common law contra = against contradictio in terminus = contradiction in terms contra bonos mores = against good morals contradictio in adjecto = contradiction in terms. a legal proceeding without a judge.

an encyclopedia of U. law: Full name.S.S. someone's dignity or against a sacred custom cucullus non facit monachum = The hood does not make the monk cui bono = Good for whom? cui prodest/cui prodest scelus is fecit = for whom it advances/for whom the crime advances.corpus delicti = body of the offence Corpus Iuris Canonici = Body of Canon Law Corpus Iurus Civilus = Body of Civil Law Corpus Iuris Secundum = C. he has done it . Corpus Juris Secundum: Complete Restatement Of The Entire American Law As Developed By All Reported Cases (1936.J. an offense against an authority.) corpus vile = worthless body corrigenda = things to be corrected corruptio optimi pessima = the corruption of the best is the worst corruptus in extremis = corrupt to the extreme corruptissima re publica plurimae leges = When the republic is at its most corrupt the laws are most numerous Credo in Unum Deum = I Believe in One God crimen laesae maiestatis = the crime of injured majesty.

it is theirs up to the sky and down to the depths cuius regio. ii. eius religio = whose region. Philippica XII. adv. For whosoever owns the soil.cuius est solum eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos = Whose the land is. his religion: the religion of the king of the region is the religion of the people cuiusvis hominis est errare. nullius nisi insipientis in errore perseverare = Anyone can err. but only the fool persists in his fault: Marcus Tullius Cicero. 5. mistake cum gladiis et fustibus = with swords and clubs cum gladio et sale = with sword and salt cum grano salis = with a grain of salt cum hoc ergo prompter hoc = with this. blame. take care of yourself first curia advisari vult = the court wishes to be advised cur. vult = the court wishes to be advised: abbreviation for curia advisari vult . therefore on account of this: correlation does not imply causation cum laude = with praise cum mortuis in lingua mortua = with the dead in a dead language cura personalis = care for the whole person cura te ipsum = take care of your own self. culpa = guilt. all the way to the sky and to the underworld is his.

data venia = with due respect. damnum absque injuria = damage without injury: one is not responsible for unintended. in practice but not necessarily ordained by law. In fact. excluding unintended damage by negligence or foolishness.curriculum vitae = course of life custodia legis = in the custody of law custos morum = keeper of morals. in practice or actuality. dabo tibi ius = give me the fact. market dominance. The de facto standard is a formal or informal standard that has a dominant position by cultural acceptance. tradition or enforcement. but without being officially established. defalcation = embezzlement. consequential injury to another resulting from a lawful act. bad acts that changes a particular debt so it cannot be discharged in bankruptcy . a censor cygnus inter anates = swan among ducks D da mihi factum. As a matter of fact. I will give you the law damnatio memoriae = damnation of memory: a custom in which disgraced Romans were pretended to have never existed. given the excuse de bonis asportatis = carrying goods away: the traditional name for larceny de bonis non administratis = of goods not administered: An appointed person who administer an estate following the death of the original administrator de facto = concerning fact.

of the dead. a second time de jure/de iure = By right. in principle de lege ferenda = from law to be passed.de fideli = with faithfulness de futuro = regarding the future de integrow = again. dictum probium = A personal or individual dictum that is given by the judge who delivers an opinion but that is not necessarily concurred in by the whole court and is not essential to the disposition. either well or nothing de mortuis nil nisi bonum/de mortuis nil nisi bonum dicendum est = no one can speak ill of the dead. let nothing be said of the dead but what is good. speak no evil de nobis fabula narratur = about us is the story told de novo = afresh. beginning again dictum/dicta (plural) = is a statement of opinion or belief considered authoritative because of the dignity of the person making it. the law as it exists de minimus non curat lex = The law does not bother with the smallest things. concerning law. anew. The law does not concern itself with trifles de minimis non curat praetor = The commander does not bother with the smallest things. de mortuis aut bene aut nihil = about the dead. . by law in force. what the law should be de lege lata = from law passed.

gratus dictum = an assertion that a person makes without being obligated to do so. mistakes et cetera. briefed. specific intent duces tecum = Bring with you: Order to produce document to court: see subpoena duces tecum E ergo = therefore erratum = error. etc = and so on. and more. doli incapax = Incapable of deceit. and the rest. mistake: errata (plural). obiter dictum = something said in passing: a comment made while delivering a judicial opinion. or also a court's discussion of points or questions not raised by the record or its suggestion of rules not applicable in the case at bar. judicial dictum = an opinion by a court on a question that is directly involved. but it is unnecessary to the decision in the case and therefore not precedential (although it may be considered persuasive). and argued by counsel. et ux = and wife Exempli Gratia (eg) = For example: Used when explaining a statement through a relevant example . errors. dolus specialis = special intent. Incapable of crime: conclusive presumption or irrebuttable presumption: in English law it is a presumption of law that cannot be rebutted by evidence and must be taken to be the case whatever the evidence to the contrary. simplex dictum = an unproved or dogmatic statement. and even passed on by the court. but that is not essential to the decision.

264) (Supreme Court of New York 1805) fiat justitia ruat caelum = do justice. 1127 OR 3 Salk. The crime was punishable by forfeiture of property to the king. unless the principal consents (however the question remains. 103 Eng. 175. Post (3 Cai. when can a principal consent?) . Pierson v. from the office Ex Parte = by a party: An ex parte application is when an apllpication is made to the Court during proceedings by one party in the absence of another or without notifying the other party Ex Post Facto = by a subsequent act: Something that occurs after the event but also have a retrospective effect F factum . 2 Am. 11 East 574. let the sky fall: justice should be done regardless of the consequences fiduciary = trustee: also fiduciary duty. someone who acts for and on behalf of another person in a particular matter in circumstances which give rise to a relationship of trust and confidence: A fiduciary (fid) is expected to be highly loyal to the person (principal) to whom he owes the duty: he should not put his personal interests before the duty. Keeble v Hickeringill. The felon would get a shameful buria ferae naturae = wild animals of nature: unowned property: English property law and English tort law case about rights to wild animals. suicide: an adult who committed suicide was considered a felon. 1707: American law. from kindness: (without legal obligation) ex libris = from the library.ex gratia = from grace. R. a deed felo de se = felon of himself. from the books ex officio = by right of office. and he should not profit from his position as a fiduciary. 9 (as Keeble v Hickeringhall) Queen's Bench. Dec.an act. Rep.

plants and trees which grow naturally without cultivation. Produce the body: a court order instructing that a person under arrest be brought before a judge. statute or government office that has no more legal authority because his or its duties and functions have been completed: A person in a judicial or official position prevented from taking a matter or case further because of limitation by certain regulations G gravamen = the essential element of a lawsuit guardian ad litem = legal guardian H habeas corpus = You (shall) have the body. functus officio = having performed his office. legal action to seek relief from unlawful . A document or instruction which directs a person to produce someone held in custody before the court. having discharged duty: an official institution.fides = faith fiducia = trust fieri facias = that you cause to be made: a writ of execution after judgment obtained in a legal action for debt or damages caused by a person/party flagrante delicto = in the progressing offence or misdeed: caught in the act of committing an offence: caught red-handed Forum Conveniens = At a convenient place: The Court have jurisdiction in a particular case forum non conveniens = inappropriate forum: when a court refuse to hear a case that has been brought before it fructus naturales .

detention. hostis humani generis = enemy of mankind I Ibid = In the same place: Used in a document or text to refer to a page previously mentioned Id Est (ie) = That is to say: Used with an explanation: Used as a description to explain a statement Ignorantia Juris non excusat = Ignorance of the law is no excuse: When committing an offence guilty parties cannot use as a defence the fact that they did not know that they were breaking the law In Camera = In the chamber: The hearing of a case in private with selected participans. In flagrante delicto = in the progressing offence or misdeed: caught in the act of committing an offence: caught red-handed in limine = at the threshold in loco parentis = in the place of a parent In Personam = Against the person: Proceedings issued against a specific person: Proceedings issued with reference to a specific person: an "admiralty action" in personam would be issued against the owner of a ship . without the facts being reported to the public: Often used when minors are involved. It is a legal instrument to protect the individual against arbitrary state action. In Curia = In open court: The hearing of a case before an open public court: The hearing of a case before a court sitting in public.

ius commune/jus commune = common law in limine = at the threshold J . just war ius civile = civil law ius cogens/jus cogens = compelling law: it is a fundamental principle of international law which is accepted by the international community of states as a norm from which no derogation is ever permitted (preremptory norm)..In Re = In the matter of: Concerning.......... within the power of: An act that falls within the jurisdiction of the Court: Opposite: ultra vires = beyond the powers in vitro = taking place outside a living organism: in vitro fertilization Ipso Facto = By the fact: The dependance upon facts that together prove a point ius/jus = justice ius ad bellum/jus ad bellum = justice to war.: A heading in legal documents which introduces the title of the matter or proceedings in situ = in its original place inter alia = among other things: The details given are only an extract from the whole Intra = Within intra vires = within the powers.

great work . also ius civile jus cogens/ius cogens = compelling law: it is a fundamental principle of international law which is accepted by the international community of states as a norm from which no derogation is ever permitted (preremptory norm). Great Charter of Freedoms magnum opus/ plural magna opera = a great work.jura novit curia = jurat/jurare = he swears/to swear juris et de jure = jus/ius = justice jus ad bellum/ius ad bellum = justice to War. Jus commune/ius commune = common law L locus delicti or lex loci delicti commissi = law of the place where the tort was committed Locus in quo = The place in which: may be used as reference to subject matter during proceedings ie scene of accident M magna carta or Magna Carta Libertatum = great charter. just war jus civile = civil law.

malum in se = wrong or evil in itself malum prohibitum/ plural mala prohibita = wrong (as or because) prohibited mandamus = we command mare clausum = closed sea mare liberum = the free sea. in bad faith. or my own fault mea maxima culpa = my big mistake.mala fide/mala fides = bad faith. the freedom of the sea mea culpa = my fault. my most grievous fault mens rea = guilty mind: The intention to commit an offence whilst knowing it to be wrong or against the law motion in limine = at the threshold mutatis mutandis = with those things having been changed which need to be changed. the necessary changes having been made N Non Compos Mentis = Not sound in mind: A person proven/classed as unfit to conduct or defend legal proceedings Non Est Factum = It is not (my) deed .

a. p. does not form a necessary part of the court's decision: Words said/mentioned in passing by a Judge on a legal point however not constituting part of the evidence or judgment onus probandi = burden of proof opinio juris = an opinion of law opinio juris sive necessitatis = an opinion of law or necessity P pacta sunt servanda = promises must be kept per = for each. By heads: eg the cost is $20 per capita . although included in the body of the court's opinion.Nota Bene (nb) = Note well: An abbreviation denoting/indicating that the reader of an article or writing should make a specific note of the article/writing mentioned novus actus interveniens = Newly intervening act: a principle in criminal law. usually a notice of a sheriff to a High Court writ of execution indicating that the defendant possesses nothing of value that can be removed O obiter dictum (singular) or obiter dicta (plural) = said by the way. = for each year per capita = for each head. A remark or observation made by a judge that.$20 each person . As stated by per annum. an act that breaks the chain of causation Nulla Bona = No effects: The defendant has no goods of any value to remove. for each person.

For the time being Q quaere = inquire. to refer to something to be found further on in time or place post-mortem = after death. examination of a body after death. autopsy Prima Facie = First sight: Prima Facie evidence would be considered enough/sufficient to prove a case unless disproved or rejected. In proportion: The investor will receive his dividend Pro Rata to his investment Pro Tempore (Pro Tem) = Temporarily. A matter of form: Pro Forma procedure is performed following an agreed manner. Pro bono service uses the specific skills of professionals to provide services to those who are unable to afford them. if no Prima Facie evidence can be shown or offered. there is no case to answer/continue pro bono or pro bono publico = for the public good. unwelcome person Post = After: after something. in themselves: Indicating that the topic should be taken alone persona non grata = person not allowed. in itself/by itself. Pro Forma = As per form. The term is generally used to describe legal representation undertaken voluntarily and without payment as a public service.Per Pro (pp) = For another/through another: A person delegated/ordered to act for another per se = intrinsically. Pro Forma procedure is executed subject to a prescribed set of rules pro rata = proportional. query quantum meruit = as much as he has deserved. reasonable value of services . unacceptable person.

The principles of law applied by a Court upon which judicial decisions are based ratio scripta = written reason re = about. the principle which the case establishes. the rationale for the decision. regarding. acts in his or her own interests quo warranto = by what warrant? R ratio decidendi/rationes decidendi = the reason/the reasons. the point in a case which determines the judgment.quasi = as if: A person exercising powers similar to those of a judge is sitting in a Quasi-Judicial capacity quid pro quo = something for something. tit for tat qui tam/qui tam pro domino rege quam pro se ipso in hac parte sequitur = he who sues in this matter for the king as well as for himself qui facit per alium facit per se = the one who acts through another. concerning rebus sic stantibus/clausula rebus sic stantibus = things thus standing res gestae = things done res ipsa loquitur = the thing itself speaks. the thing speaks for itself: Because of the obvious negligence of the defendant. the onus of proof would not be on the plaintiff res iudicata/res judicata = a matter already judged. A thing ajudged: Once a case has been finally decided upon by a Court the decision stands. a favour given or expected in return for something. the same parties cannot attempt to raise the .

Proceedings are sub-Judice and details cannot be released subpoena = a written command/order to a person to testify before a court or be punished. essential condition. under a threat of penalty. something that is absolutely necessary status quo = the existing state of affairs Sub Judice = In the course of trial: The case is under consideration.issue again. by or during further proceedings res nullius = nobody's thing res publica = public issue. to appear before a Court and give evidence . public matter res publica christiana = the worldwide community of Christianity respondeat superior = let the master answer restitutio in integrum = restoration to original condition S Semble = It appears Sine Die = Without a day: A hearing adjourned sine die stands open indefinitely without a further hearing having been decided on sine qua non = a condition without which it could not be or without which there is nothing. Subpoena ad Testificum = To produce evidence: A document directed to a person commanding him or her.

"one cannot argue uno flatu both that the person is dead and also that he is responsible for wrong actions. in authority over.subpoena duces tecum = bring with you under penalty of punishment supra = beyond. before. empty land. uno flatu = in one breath. blank mind terra firma = dry land. over. et ux = and wife . ie. above. on top. an average person uti possidetis = as you possess uxor (ux) = wife. Used in criticism of inconsistent pleadings. also see res nullius. no-mans land. in charge of. more. more than. most abundant faith. land belonging to no one. T tabula rasa = blank slate. trail do novo = a new trail U ultra vires = beyond the powers: An act that falls outside or beyond the jurisdiction of the court: Opposite: intra vires = within the powers. ground as opposed to the air or sea terra nullius = nobody's land. uberrima fides/fidei = utmost good faith. plank paper. formerly. unus multorum = one of many.

i. . vis major = an act of God. vs. that is to say..V vel non = or not vera cause = true cause verbatim = in exactly the same words versus. as follows: Used in text to show examples videre licet = it is permitted to see vide supra (v. as follows volenti non fit injuria = no injury is done to a person who consents.) = see above Vigilantibus non dormientibus aequitas subvenit = equity aids the vigilant. v. no injury is done. that is to say. = against veto = I forbid vice versa = the other way around vide infra (v. not the negligent who sleep on their rights. not the negligent.) = see below videlicet = namely. equity aids the vigilant. = namely.s. a superior force viz. to a willing person.

ad eundem gradum = to the same level. ad infinitum = without limit. ad libitum = according to pleasure. a priori = from what was before. ab urbe condita (AUC) = from the founding of the city (Rome in 753 BC). ab incunablis = from the origin. ab initio = from the beginning. a posse ad esse = from possibility to actuality. a posteriori = derived by reasoning from observed facts. ab intra = from within.) = at the place. . "to the person"). ad eundem = to the same level. ad absurdum = to the point of absurdity. ad idem = of the same mind. ad locum (ad loc. A a fortiori = with yet stronger reason.Other Latin phrases you might find in legal documents. ad hoc = for this special purpose. ad litem = for the suit. rather than logically against an issue (literally. ad hominem = denoting an argument made personally against an opponent.

agenda = things to be done (used especially for a list of items to be discussed at a meeting). ars gratia artis = art for art's sake. anno domini (AD) = in the year of the Lord.) = before midday. ante bellum = before the war.m. annus mirabilis = a wonderful year. audi alteram partem = hear the other side (a principle of natural justice). aqua pura = pure water. addenda = things to be added. alea iacta est = the die is cast (Caesar). amicus nemini = a friend to all is a friend to none. alter ego = other self. B bella gerant alii = let others wage war. . advocatus diaboli = devil's advocate. affidavit = a sworn written statement usable as evidence in court. ad valorem = according to value. amicus omnibus. ante meridiem (a. annus horribilis = a terrible year. aude sapere = dare know. aqua fortis = nitric acid. amicus curiae = friend of the court.ad nauseam = to a disgusting extent. alma mater = one's old school or university.

bona fide (adverb) = genuinely. cui bono? = who benefits? cui malo? = who suffers a detriment unjust? .bona fide (adjective) = genuine. C cadit quaestio (cq) = the question falls. confer (cf. therefore I am (Descartes). corrigenda = a list of things to be corrected (in a book). corpus delicti = the facts of a crime. ergo sum = I think. cogito. compos mentis = sane. cave canem = beware of the dog. the matter admits no further argument (the facts have been double checked). cor unum = one heart. caret = it is lacking (used in editing to indicate that something is to be inserted).) = compare. caveat venditor = let the seller beware. caveat emptor = let the buyer beware. followed by a date) = about. caveat lector = let the reader beware. bona fides (noun) = honest intention. ceteris paribus = other things being equal or unchanged. sincerely. sincere. circa (c. carpe diem = seize the day. casus belli = the circumstances justifying war.

dramatis personae = the list of characters in a play. spero = as long as I breathe. D de facto = in fact (especially in contradistinction to "de jure").cum grano salis = with a grain of salt (not literally). tolerate labores = while strength and years permit. I hope (Cicero). delectatio morosa = peevish delight. de jure = by right de minimis = with respect to trifles. deo volente = God willing. dictum meum pactum = my word is my bond. dum spiro. dum vires annique sinunt. endure labor (Ovid). deo duce = with God for a leader. a contrived. curriculum vitae = a summary of a person's career and working life. dulce et decorum est pro patria mori = it is sweet and proper to die for one's country (Horace). de novo = anew. artificial event that resolves a problem at the last moment. dictum sapienti sat est = a word to the wise is sufficient. . deus ex machina = a god from a machine. de gustibus non est disputandum = there is no accounting for taste. deo gratias = thanks be to God.

errata = a list of errors (in a document or book). emeritus professor). ex nihilo = out of nothing. et alii (et al. ex parte = by only one party to a dispute in the absence of the other. ex libris = from the library of. ex curia = out of court. et uxor (abbreviated et ux. . but it is the law.) = and others.dura lex.) = and those that follow. excusatio non petita. accusatio manifesta = he who excuses himself. s'accuse). ex gratia = purely as a favour. with official authority.) = and wife. eiusdem generis = of the same kind. et sequentes (et seq. accuses himself (qui s'excuse. et cetera (etc. E ecce homo = behold the man. ex post facto = retrospectively. ex cathedra = formally. ergo = therefore. emeritus = retired after distinguished service and holding an honorary title (for example. or seqq. sed lex = the law is harsh. ex officio = by virtue of his office. et alia = and other things. ego = consciousness of one's own identity.) = and so on.

fiat = let it be done. imprimatur = let it be printed. floruit = he flourished. in absentia = while absent. (The opening words of a prerogative writ requiring a person holding another person to bring that person before a court. in citations. imperator = emperor. functus officio = having discharged his duty and thus ceased to have any authority over a matter. H habeas corpus = you may have the body. exempli gratia (e. idem = the same. I ibidem (ibid. G gaudeamus igitur = so let us rejoice.e.g.) = that is.) hic jacet = here lies. honoris causa = as a mark of esteem.exeat = permission for a temporary absence. id est (i. . F fama nihil est celerius = nothing is swifter than a rumour.) = in the same place.) = for example. etc.

in vivo = happening within a living organism. infra = below or on a later page. in extremis = near death. in memoriam = in memory. (a) in its own form and not in an equivalent (b) in coins and not in paper money. in re = in the matter of. outside the living body and in an artificial environment. index librorum prohibitorum = official list of the books not to be read by Catholics. in flagrante delicto = in the very act of committing an offence. in loco extremis = in the farthest place. in casu = in this case. in curia = in court. . in casu extremae necessitatis = in case of extreme necessity. in vino veritas = in wine there is truth. in extenso = at full length. in medias res = in the midst of things. in situ = in its original situation. in toto = entirely.in camera = in private session. in deo speramus = in God we trust. in loco parentis = in place of a parent. in silico = by means of a computer simulation. in vitro = observable in a glass test tube. in specie = in kind. in illo tempore = at that time.

inter alia = among other things.s. cit. inter se = among themselves. ipso facto = by that very fact. L latine dictum = spoken in Latin. assistent. me judice = I being the judge. inter vivos = during life.) = in the passage just quoted. locum tenens = one occupying the place. M magna carta = Great Charter magna cum laude = with great honour or academic distinction. intra vires = within the power. deputy locus sigilli (l.infra dig = unbecoming (slang).) = the place of the seal. Mater semper certa = the mother is always certain. intra muros = within the walls. . in my opinion mea culpa = by my fault memento mori = remember that you have to die. loco citato (loc. the identity of the mother of the child is always certain. locus standi = the right to be heard in court. magnum opus = great work.

nemo omnia novit = many know many things. multi multa. nolle prosequi = to be unwilling to prosecute.) = unanimously. N ne plus ultra = the highest standard of excellence. non sequitur = it does not follow. dis. multum in parvo = much in a small compass. no one knows everything. non compos mentis = insane. monumentum aere perennius = an immortal work of art or literature (literally. con. nil desperandum = there is no cause for despair (Horace). nemine dissentiente (nem. mens rea = guilty mind.memorandum = a note of a something to be remembered. nemine contradicente (nem. nisi = unless. a conclusion which does not accord with the premises". noscitur a sociis = the meaning of a word can be known from the context. nullus amicus = a friend to all is a friend to none. mirabile dictu = wonderful to relate. modus operandi = the manner of working. nolens volens = whether one likes it or not. mens sana in corpore sano = a sound mind in a sound body. mutatis mutandis = the necessary changes being made. multus amicus. willing or unwilling. "a monument more lasting than bronze") (Horace). . nihil obstat = nothing stands in the way.) = unanimously.

the times! oh. the morals! (Cicero). nos et mutamur in illis = all things are changing. weight and measure (Isaac Newton). O o tempora. pax vobiscum = peace be with you. nascetur ridiculus mus = the mountains are in labour. let us too yield to love (Virgil). but no result or only a insignificant result passim = in various places (in a quoted work). the father is indicated by marriage. and we are changing with them. cit. omnia mutantur. . omnia vincit amor. great promises. pater est quem nuptiae demonstrant = the father is whom the marriage (vows) demonstrate. o mores! = oh. nos et cedamus amori = love conquers all things. P pari passu = equally. omne ignotum pro magnifico est = all things unknown seem grand (Tacitus the Elder). per annum = per year.) = in the work just quoted. pedente lite = pending the suit. pax intrantibus = peace to those who enter. parturiunt montes. important numero pondere et mensura deus omnia condidit = God created everything by number. obiter dictum = a saying by the way. opere citato (op. a ridiculous mouse will be born (Horace).nota bene (NB) = note well.

pro bono = done without charge in the public interest. pro se = on one's own behalf. pro rata = according to the rate.) = after midday. pro tempore (pro tem) = for the time being. pro tanto = to that extent. primus inter pares = first among equals. per procurationem (per pro or pp) = as agent for. pro hac vice = for this occasion. per omnia saecula saeculorum = for ever and ever. per diem = per day. pro bono publico = in the public good.m. . therefore because of this (a logical fallacy). pro forma = for the sake of form. prima facie = on a first view. per mensem = per month. per capita = by the head. post mortem = after death (also figuratively). per se = taken alone. per ardua ad astra = through difficulties to the stars. per centum = per hundred.per ardua ad alta = through difficulties to the heights. post meridiem (p. post hoc ergo propter hoc = after this. persona non grata = a non-acceptable person.

quantum in me fuit = I have done my best. qui desiderat pacem. quod erat faciendum (QEF) = which was to be done.) = of the next month. reductio ad absurdum = reduction to the absurd (proving the truth of a proposition by proving the falsity of all its alternatives).) = which see. res ipsa loquitur = the thing speaks for itself. re = in the matter of. R ratio decidendi = the reason for the decision. praeparet bellum = let him who desires peace prepare for war (Vegetius). quod vide (q.proximo (prox.v. requiescat in pace = rest in peace. quid pro quo = something for something. Q qua = in the capacity of. quo vadis? = where are you going? quod erat demonstrandum (QED) = which was to be proved. ratio legis est anima legis = the reason of the law is the soul of the law. quasi = as if. regina = queen. quis custodiet ipsos custodes? = who is guarding the guards? quo in casu = in which case. res tantum valet quantum vendi potest = a thing is worth only what someone else will pay for it. .

) = year not known. sine qua non = an indispensable condition.a. sine anno (s. sensu stricto = in a narrow or strict sense. silentium est aureum = silence is golden. . welcome. rigor mortis = the stiffening of a body after death. status quo = the existing condition. seriatim = one after another in order. para bellum = if you want peace.rex = king. senatus populusque Romanus (SPQR ) = the Senate and the people of Rome. sine die = without stipulating a day. salvete = be greeted. used in quoted passages to indicate that an error sic transit gloria mundi = thus passes the glory of the world. seqq = and those that follow. S salve. stet = let it stand sub judice = before a court. hail. si vis pacem. prepare for war. silva rerum = an assorted collection of facts. semper fidelis = always faithful. semel in anno licet insanire = one can act the fool once a year. simpliciter = naturally. sic = thus. without qualification.

velle est posse = where there is a will. timeo danaos et dona ferentes = I fear the Greeks. vidi. terra firma = dry land. there is a way. tempus fugit.sub rosa = in confidence. I conquered (Caesar). heading sui generis = of its own kind.) = of the previous month. I saw. U uberrimae fidei = of the utmost good faith. even when they bring gifts (Virgil). terra nullius = uninhabited land. ultra vires = beyond the power. supra = above or on an earlier page. suum cuique = to each his own. terra incognita = unknown land. V vade mecum = a constant companion. . veni. ultimo (ult. vici = I came. T tabula rasa = a clean paper tempus fugit = time flies. mors venit = time passes. death advances. sub verbo = under the word. valete = farewell. vale.

vice = in place of. . volenti non fit injuria = that to which a man consents cannot be considered an injury.verbatim = exactly as said.) = namely. vires acquirit eundo = we gather strength as we go (Virgil). vox populi = voice of the people. vide = see.sub) = a word to the wise is sufficient. vi et armis = by force and arms. verbum sat sapienti (verb. vice versa = the order being reversed. videlicet (viz. virgo intacta = virgin. versus = against.