VOCABULARY (UNFAMILIAR WORDS AND MEANING): 1. Apprentice o Trainee: somebody being trained by a skilled professional in an art, craft, or trade. o Inexperienced person: a novice or amateur. Skiff o Small flat bottom boat: a small flat bottom boat of shallow draft that can be propelled with oars, a sail, or a motor. Albacore o Large tuna: a large tuna with a long pectoral fin. Native to: warm waters of the Atlantic and Pacific. Harpoon o Weapon similar to spear: a long pointed piece of metal attached to a cord and thrown or fired from a gun in order to capture whales and other large sea animals. Lurch o Move violently: to lean or pitched suddenly to one side. o Move unsteadily: to move along unsteadily, swaying from side to side





SETTING: THE SEA The story mainly took place in the sea (a sea off the coast of Havana, Cuba). The time aspect of the setting is quite interesting to track down. Santiago fishes with the same method and equipment as generations before him did. Some definite references to a more recent time are Santiago’s mention of beer in cans and the airplane which fly over him on their way to Miami. Another reference was the mention of Joe DiMaggio. His career lasted from 1936 – 1951. Other specific data, the old man set off on September and lasted three days on the sea. The setting of the story contributed greatly to the conflict of the plot. The sea is perfectly suited for this, Santiago’s single battle with the fish together with the interventions of the sharks. The setting is on the sea because the author wanted to emphasize how Santiago faced the fish and sharks alone without anyone’s help. The time aspect of the story was set that way because he, the author wanted to create his characters just like people at our present society. CHARACTERS: SANTIAGO He is the central character in the novel. When he risked his life away from his home, he learned many lessons and realized the importance of having a companion and thought the true meaning of success and sacrifices. After he returned to Havana, his way of thinking had changed therefore, he is a dynamic character. He is an old Cuban fisherman and loves the sea turtles. Blotches ran well down the sides of his face and his hands had the deep-creased scars from handling heavy fish on the cords. His shirt had been patched many times and was faded to many different shades by the sun. MANOLIN While the old man was away from the village, he was the only one who cared for the man. He worried a lot while the old man was away. He is static character. He was a little boy. He has worked with Santiago as an apprentice since he was five. Perhaps more than either he or the old man knew he was Santiago’s support. The old man needs him. His age at the time of the story is never given but we can guess that he’s in his early to mid teens. Despite the age gap between them he was comfortable with the man.

but they stripped the remaining flesh from the marlin. he was unable to kill two more but seriously injured them with a club. Manolin has worked with Santiago since he was still five. attempting to make the fish jump. The fish’ motif in the story is to show off Santiago’s might and strength. Their motif in the story is for Santiago to realize that destruction results when we disobey. His left hand happened to cramp like the gripped of an eagle. They also made him realize the importance of having a companion. He did not expect to kill them but to hurt them badly. which is worthy of Santiago's effort and strength. He carefully observed the surrounding. Manolin his apprentice. He ate a small fish he had caught from one of his line and slept for the first time. While Santiago was trying to rest to be strong. he got injured from the sharks and received nothing. He fought them with a club and even the skiff’s tiller. the “old man” has gone eighty-four days without catching a fish. The fish served as Santiago’s trophy beca use of his patience and perseverance although. he killed the fish and lashed it on the side of the boat. Because they are predators. As opponents for the old man. He met the boy. and the knife blade snapped into process. The fish was a prisoner and he began to pity for the great catch. He increased the tension on the line to the breaking point. he remembered to give himself more confidence and realized that the fish was not tired but did not go swimming at a lesser depth. He only needed to feel the trade wind and the drawing of the sail to tell where southwest was. He started to feel intense pain. He set the mast and sailed to the southwest. He put as much tension on the line as possible to shorten the circle. After several turn of the fish.MARLIN. he didn’t successfully brought it home. They did not deserve to eat Santiago's catch through his effort and strength. But a mako shark came up so fast and without precaution tore off forty pounds of flesh of the marlin before Santiago killed it. Santiago went home tired and restless. he recalled the time when he hooked a marlin. the fish won’t sink at the bottom and die. At an unexpected lurch from the great fish. two shovel nosed scavenger sharks or galanos arrived. and the baseball particularly his idol “the great DiMaggio” of the Yankees. desperate to escape from the line began to circle the boat. Santiago told him not to work on his boat because the old man believed that he has a bad luck. Then. He sensed that there’s a very large fish at his deepest line. he lost his harpoon and the trail of blood and scent was dispersed in the water attracting other sharks. The great marlin. Later. they stand in bold contrast to the marlin. They sailed well and the old man soaked his hands in the water and tried to keep his head clear due to his lack of sleep. The old man talked many times to himself since he was alone. he felt the weight of the fish and pressure to his fingers. Santiago began to see the reflected glare of Havana lights but the galanos came in pack. The fish never changed its course or direction all night but he knew the current carried them eastward. The fish surfaced for the first time. As sunset came. Santiago felt the pride catching a magnificent and glorious fish which displayed his prowess. Because of nothing to entertain himself. The marlin was jumping and filled its air sacs as a result. furious jerk of the lines woke him and cut his hand badly. he killed a third galano. Santiago wins the glory from battling them. The sharks were little more than moving appetites who thoughtlessly and gracelessly attack the marlin. the old man with the boys’ help prepared his food. So . But the boy still insisted to help him a little. SUMMARY OF THE STORY: Santiago. They symbolize and embody the destructive laws of the universe and attest to the fact that those laws can only be transcended when equals to fight to the death. The fish pulled slowly Santiago’s skiff toward the northwest. he became a champion in a daylong arm wrestling. After many hours. and used fresh small tunas or albacore as bait that the boy gave him. The line has been stretched over his back for hours now. water and weapons of fishing for an attempt to catch a big one. Because of them. It also symbolizes things which we desire most and tempts us to do anything just to get it. Then. He set his lines with different depths. He also followed the circling bird to locate where the fishes are. SHARKS They were the carnivorous fish which were the reason why Santiago didn’t able to catch the marlin. Because of Santiago’s disobedience to the normal fishing water. Using the harpoon. It was the reason why Santiago’s back injured and why his hand got cuts and cramped. but he stayed to hold it until his death. The fish was enormous beyond belief. It symbolizes an ideal opponent for Santiago. two feet longer than Santiago’s skiff which Santiago caught in his deepest line. the line sliced his right hand. which destroyed even more of the marlin. When the sun had risen further. the fish It was the fish. He was sorry for the marlin and didn’t want to look at the fish. On the 85th day before sunrise. He rowed the skiff steadily out of from the Havana harbour far beyond the normal fishing water. By noon they were far beyond sight of the shore. He killed them with his knife which was lashed to an oar. Santiago hooked a marlin two feet longer than his skiff. the fish was close enough for Santiago to see it well. The old man watched the first light came before sunrise and the fish was tired and moved with the current. back toward Havana.

But he was not truly defeated.a symbol to prove how kind Santiago was to care for creatures God created. bravery. What is the theme of the story? Pride as the Source of Greatness and Determination A human like Santiago experienced separation from society. It is said that one of the most needed by the elderly people is attention from other people. suffering. I care not. his last word on the subject comes when he asked himself the reason for his undoing and decides. 2. and inspite of intense personal suffering. Sometimes.” I realize how not to care if you’re not affected becomes a virtue of self -restraint and of being yourself. he remained dedicated. He is a philosopher and a nature lover. leads to their eventual downfall. His sailing beyond the usual fishing water was useless because he end up with nothing. Manolin found him in a deep sleep. And although he was forbidden to sail with Santiago. Because of the extraordinary strength he had shown. Santiago. if such your will. Indeed. “Nothing… I went out too far. When he had begun something. One thing that Manolin gave to the old man is he.a quality that. In addition to exhibiting terrific rejoice or not. but the massive skeleton itself stands as proof of his heroic accomplishment.” Pride of having a big catch was the reason for Santiago’s greatness and determination but having pride as his source of strength didn’t do good things to him and to the fish. Above all he is exceptionally sensitive. and promised to fish with him again. and moral certainty. those heroes usually possess a tragic flaw. After the old man woke. he will hang on it until he had achieved it. drank coffee. but he has not truly been defeated. He arrived in the middle of the night. Success In the novel. carried his mast to his shack. I learned that I’m not a differe nt individual among others. Just like the old man. bringing only a skeleton. He is a simple and a plain looking man because his shirt does not bother him. There may be nothing to sell at market. He knows what the old man needs. He has ruined them both. he thinks very deep but at other times he dismisses his deep thinking without any result. Many fishermen were around the skiff looking at what was lashed beside it and measured the skeleton. the success of the old man was not directly shown. he needed support. I remember how Clytemnestra revealed her cruel character to the people of Argos in her line: “I bid you to rejoice. After sharks have destroyed the marlin. and fell into a drained sleep. Manolin He is loyal to Santiago given his long relationship to him. What insights of life did you gain from the book? Friendship In the novel mandolin became very sensitive to Santiago’s feelings and emotions. Against great odds. CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. If pride was Santiago’s fatal flaw. many parallels exist between Santiago and the classic heroes of the ancient world. though admirable. It also surprised me because I realized that in the world it is natural for people to talk to themselves for once in a while. This show how strange the old man was. He was filled with determination and pride. placed his skiff on the shoreline. sensitive to Santiago’s feelings and sensitive to the tragedy of the situation. He achieved an . victory and defeat. 4. Santiago went back to shore with only the skeleton of his fish. He was a man of triumph. 3. by sailing beyond the usual boundaries of fishermen. I learned from the novel that we should be sensitive enough to what other people feel just like mandolin that had stayed with the old man until the end of the story. he steered his small craft home. He has achieved a spiritual victory. something far more meaningful than having fifteen hundred pounds of marlin meat to bring to market. What positive characteristics do the characters possess? Santiago He was cheerful and undefeated. read the sports article at the newspapers. Sometimes. II. Manolin is definitely a thoughtful companion and friend to the old man. the boy spent time with him. he concedes. I also talk to myself if I like to decide whether something is the right or wrong thing to do. the old man apologizes again and again to his worthy opponent. he is keenly aware of it. I talk by myself asking lots of questions then answering these questions. What impression do the characters leave to the reader? I like the attitude of the old man where he did not care because he was not crazy. He may not have been very blessed to have a great catch but for me he was already blessed when he got home alive with all of his senses working. he conquered the fish itself and survived the gruelling three days on the sea.

He conquered the powerful fish and survived the serious anguish for three days on the sea and it is the true success. Unlike most novels. other readers especially the young will have it more satisfying and agreeable. bravery and courage possessed by man. far more meaningful than having the meat of the marlin and sells it in the market. His style is very much effective for the readers to understand better. almost a motion picture of Santiago’s three day ordeal.Kahil Gibran . they will first have a horrible fight. the Old Man and the Sea has no chapter divisions which is the reason for sometimes it is classified under novelettes rather than novel. Why is the book worth reading? Hemingway is as famous for how he wrote as for what he wrote. But before he was able to catch the marlin. Manolin. the sharks. the jelly fish. The story was very interesting even the time span is short but yet each page was filled with lessons and portions of life. men can always survive as long as we will trust God and we are determined." . later the marlin will be routeing the skiff to somewhere. believable. I recommend this book to all but most especially to the men. Hemingway’s style in my own opinion is simplicity and precision. Each situation was fully learned and understood better and faster through its simplicity. Prepared by: Tribenson A. never an opportunity. I would let the story end with Santiago as a great fisherman for he had caught a big catch. So to all of my highschool colleagues. we are given a continuous account. precision of word choice and it has no chapter division. 5. 6. the marlin. The novel for me is more on the strength. what would it be? Since the ending of the story was too surprising and somehow awful. I’d rather create an ending wherein it will end at a light and dramatic way. As people began to gather seeing the old man together with a big catch lets the old man be the center of the crowd. Then. No matter what situation we are on. If you would create a different ending of the story. I promised that it would be very interesting to read. I want you to be inspired by the book of Ernest Hemingway entitled “The Old Man and the Sea”. Santiago will stay tracked with the marlin causing both of them got exhausted. In that way. From the beginning to end. and extraordinary. in the seashore.immaterial victory. All characters (Santiago. But fortunately to a safer place for Santiago. Azupardo III-Euclid "Friendship is always a sweet responsibility. His simplicity in writing gave him his own distinction from that of other works by other authors. the marlin. the turtles the birds and the flying fish) inside the novel were alive as well as entertaining.