COFLEXIP DRILLING, REFINING AND ONSHORE DIVISION

FLEXIBLE STEEL PIPES FOR DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATIONS

USER’S GUIDE
Revision 4th July 2002

OFFSHORE BRANCH

CONTENTS
GENERAL INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 1. DESCRIPTION OF A COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.1 1.2 1.3 DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 NACE COMPATIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 END-FITTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.3.1 . . . Protection against corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 1.3.2 . . . Connectors/Cross-overs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.3.3 . . . Terminations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 1.3.4 . . . Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 1.3.5 . . . Handling collar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 1.4 ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 1.4.1 . . . Bend stiffener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 1.4.2 . . . Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 1.4.3 . . . Fire cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5 FLEXIBLE PIPE STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5.1 . . . Thermoplastic inner liner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5.2 . . . Interlocked "Zeta" layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5.3 . . . Metallic reinforcement of the Zeta layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5.4 . . . Intermediate thermoplastic sheath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.5.5 . . . Double cross-wound steel armour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.5.6 . . . Thermoplastic outer sheath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.5.7 . . . Fire resistant layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.5.8 . . . Stainless steel outer-wrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.6 1.7 2. MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

GENERAL GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 INSTALLATION - CONNECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 WELDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

3.

OPERATING CONDITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 3.1 FLUIDS TO BE TRANSPORTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 3.1.1 . . . Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines . . . . . . . .16 3.1.2 . . . Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines . . . . . . . . . . .17 3.1.3 . . . Exposure of high temperature rated lines to C02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 3.1.4 . . . Chemical compatibility of acid (HDPE) lines (former design) . . . . . . . .18 3.1.5 . . . Sour service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 3.1.6 . . . Flow rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

3.2

TEMPERATURE RATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 3.2.1 . . . Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to + 100°C / -4°F to + 212°F) . .19 3.2.2 . . . High temperature rated Line (-20°C to +130°C / -4°F to +266°F) . . .19 3.2.3 . . . Acidizing/fracturing lines (- 20°C to + 65°C / - 4°F to + 149°F) . . . . .20

3.3

PRESSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 3.3.1 . . . Rated working pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 3.3.2 . . . OEM test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

4.

LIFETIME OF DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATION FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

5.

REPAIR OF FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

6.

INSPECTION AND TESTING OF LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 6.1 6.2 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 ROUTINE VISUAL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 6.2.1 . . . External inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 6.2.2 . . . Internal inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 FULL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 MANUFACTURER'S INSPECTION - MAJOR SURVEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 FIELD PRESSURE TESTING (OPTIONAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 FULL PRESSURE TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 RECORDING OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 PERIODICITY OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 UNUSED LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

6.10 BEND TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 7. CHOKE AND KILL LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 7.1.1 . . . Cement Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 COMPLETION FLUIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 VENTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 7.5.1 . . . After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 7.5.2 . . . Routine visual inspection (Section 6 - Para 6.2.1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 7.5.3 . . . Full inspection (Section 6 - Para 6.3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 7.5.4 . . . Manufacturer's inspection - major survey (Section 6 - Para. 6.4) . . . . .28 7.5.5 . . . Field pressure testing (optional) (Section 6 - Para. 6.5) . . . . . . . . . . . .28 7.5.6 . . . Subsea (BOP stack) Choke and Kill lines: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

. . . . . .4. . . . . . . . .32 VENTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2) .33 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 9. .32 9. . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 10. . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . .1 8.4. . . . . . . . .32 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION .5 . . . . . . . . . . .3) . . . . . . . . .Para 6. . . Manufacturer's inspection . . . . . . . .32 9. After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3) . . . . . . . . .31 9.33 10. . . . Dynamic operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Handling .1. . . . . . . . . .4. . .30 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . . . Flushing of the lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 8. TEST LINE APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . .30 8. . . . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . . . . .2 . . . .31 9.2) . . . . .2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Para. . . . . SUMMARY OF INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . .33 10. . . . . . . .4) . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . .2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 9. . . . . Well service operations . .1 . . . . . . . . . . . .1 . . . . . . . . . Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 . .4. .2 8.1 .2. . . . . . . . . . . . Yearly test . .31 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Para 6. . . . . . 6. .3 . . .8. . . . .3 8. . . . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . .Major survey (Section 6 . . .2) . . . . .3 .1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 VENTING . . . . After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .para. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . ACIDIZING AND FRACTURING LINE APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . .2.30 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 9. . .30 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 DEFINITION . . . . . . 6. . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 10. . . .1.33 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . .30 8. . . .4 "DST" AND "PTL" LINES DEFINITION . . .31 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4) .4 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . Static operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . .Major survey (section 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . Full inspection (section 6 . . . After platform installation and hook up . . DRAG CHAIN OPERATIONS . . .31 9. . . . . . . . . . . . Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Para 6.4. . 6.2 .33 11. . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 . . . . . . Manufacturer's inspection . . . . . . . . . . . Routine visual inspection (section 6 Para. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Para. . . . . . Full inspection (Section 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

including agency personnel (but shall not include any member of the Technip-Coflexip Group). we have attempted to cover all aspects of both the design and safe use of our drilling and service application flexibles in normal. transport. We therefore welcome any comments on both the flexible pipes themselves and User's Guides such as this guide specifically written for Drilling and Service Applications. package. Coflexip relies on the feedback of all End Users to ensure the continued reliability of our products and to act as the basis for research into the flexible pipes of the future. its and their respective affiliates. co-lessees and joint ventures. Coflexip recognises the fact that the majority of our clients have used Coflexip drilling application products for many years and have therefore built up a great deal of experience in their use. handle. and 1993. and its and their respective officers and employees. current applications.coflexip.pdf 5 . This document can be viewed and downloaded from our website at : http://www. who purchase. We are always available to answer questions from End Users. Any questions should be directed towards your local Coflexip office listed in the last chapter of the Guide. COFLEXIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATION ON WARRANTY IN CONNECTION WITH ITS DRILLING APPLICATION PRODUCTS SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED WITH THE END USER(S) IN A DOCUMENT EXECUTED BY COFLEXIP AND THE END USER.com/pdf/users_guide. its and their contractors and subcontractors of any tier. “End User” shall mean a person. its and their co-contractors. All information and data contained herein are subject to change without further notice.GENERAL INTRODUCTION T his copy of the "Coflexip DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATIONS USER'S GUIDE" (hereinafter referred to as “the Guide”) is revision 4 of the guide originally issued in 1989 revised in September 1990. a company. The main differences from revision 3 are an up-date of the product characteristics and compatibility charts made possible by the on-going tests performed as part of the Coflexip policy of continual research into the safe application of flexible pipes. In producing the Guide. use or work with the Coflexip products as described in this Guide. and are to be considered as RECOMMENDATIONS in general or INSTRUCTIONS (when stated in the text) by the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) only. It follows therefore that much of the information contained in this Guide is intended primarily for those clients who are not familiar with the use of Coflexip products For the purpose of this document.

6 . on the other hand all of our lines supplied for Choke and Kill applications are fully compliant with API 16C.2 NACE COMPATIBILITY • End-fittings : All steel materials used in the manufacture of a Coflexip end-fitting meet the requirements of NACE MR-01–75. according to the pipe construction. present the failure modes that might be caused by a possible misuse of the equipment. DESCRIPTION OF A COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINE This paragraph will discuss the construction of a typical Coflexip flexible line and. • Steel wires : The carbon steel wires used for the Zeta. 1. Some of the API 16C requirements don’t apply to other applications where our lines can be used (Acid/frac lines for example) when the resistance to H2S is not an issue. As shown in Figure 1.1 DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE LINES All Coflexip Drilling Applications flexible pipes are designed in accordance with API 16C which is the only specific reference/regulation existing for Choke and Kill lines and/or API 7K for Rotary lines.1. 1. The present steel wires have been tested according to TM 0284 and TM 0177 – 1996.3 END-FITTINGS The end-fitting itself consists of the following : • The termination which ensures the seal and the mechanical attachment of the end-fitting to the flexible pipe. reinforcement wire and armour layers meet the NACE requirements in force at manufacturing date. a typical Coflexip line is composed of: • • • • • A length of flexible pipe Two end-fittings complete with handling collars Integral connectors Optional stiffeners Identification collars Fig 1 1. • The connector to allow the connection of the end-fitting to any other compatible connector.

Various heat treatments are applicable for Nikaflex® coated parts to improve that property. torsion.3.g. Coflexip has selected the most effective process which is a long duration. a visual inspection of the inner bore of the end-fitting showing that the coating is still present indicates the satisfactory integrity of those endfitting parts subjected to the internal flow conditions. Some restrictions on the type of connector used may apply e. abrasion and handling by a Nikaflex® coating. thus avoiding any possible scaling of the protection. the end-fitting will resist long term exposure to internal flow of abrasive fluids.3 Terminations The termination will ensure the following functions : • Mechanical attachment to the flexible pipe which will resist against internal pressure. abrasion and handling. If the coating is damaged or cracked.3. high temperature heat treatment conducted between 600°C to 650°C (1112° to 1202°F) for 10 hours.3. and this improves the end-fitting resistance against corrosion. The whole surface. • Coating protection of the end-fitting. 1. In particular. wear. both inside and outside of a standard end-fitting is protected against corrosion. in the range of most hardened steels. API 16C does not allow the use of threaded connectors for choke and kill applications. The Nikaflex® coating bears the following properties: • The surface hardness of the coating is about 400 to 450 HV.3. the most common being API hubs (formerly "CIW hubs"). traces of corrosion and rust may be visible and a complementary inspection should be completed. • Provides seal against inner effluent. • Provides seal against outer environment.2 Connectors The end-fittings can be supplied with most types of connectors. 1. Generally the connectors are integral parts of the end-fitting avoiding butt-welding (with some exceptions for non-standard connectors). the welding process is always completed BEFORE end-fitting mounting.1 Protection against corrosion • All steel materials used in the manufacture of a Coflexip end-fitting meet the requirements of NACE MR-01–75. seawater and to H2S/C02 gases or other corrosive fluids which might be transported by the line.4 Marking The termination bears a permanent marking indicating : • Manufacturer (*) • Serial number of the line 7 . • The inner coating is 75 µ thick. traction. Similarly it is not a Coflexip practice to fit a connector which has a higher pressure rating than the flexible pipe itself. hammer unions and API flanges.1. when used. However. • The Nikaflex® coating is highly resistant against corrosion from marine atmosphere. This process ensures diffusion of the coating into the steel. 1. wear. • Mechanical attachment of the outer stainless steel carcass. The adhesion of the coating to the underlying steel is essential for the long term integrity of the protection.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .C/K . . . .. . .Serial number 3’’ . . .Temperature range 02/2002 . . . . . . but the serial number of the line is changed on that end-fitting. . . • • • • • • • Line length (in metres (m) or feet (ft)) Working pressure (WP bar or psi) Test pressure (TP bar or psi) Temperature range (continuous service : See section 3. . . see section 5) 8 Example of marking COFLEXIP . . . . . . . . . .• Internal diameter of the line (Inches) • Application (*) • Working pressure (WP bar or psi) of the line which is always inferior or equal to the maximum design pressure of the line structure • Length of the line . . . . . . .18. . . .I.Working Pressure TP 22500 psi . . . . . . . . . .01 .2) The stamped test pressure is the OEM. .3 M . a stamp of a certifying authority • For repaired lines see section 5 (*) This information was optional before second quarter of 1990 Repaired lines If the line has been repaired by the mounting of a new end-fitting. .Test date (month/year) Any inquiry regarding the construction of the line and its end-fittings should refer to the serial number through which Coflexip can trace the relevant information. From the second quarter of 1990. . . . . . . . . using the abbreviated classification as follows. . . . . Coflexip recommends that the type of application be stamped where the information is missing. . ./Application/Length WP 15000 psi . . . . . . . . . .face to face from one connector to the other (metres or feet) • Date of the factory pressure test • If applicable. . the end-termination bears a revised marking as follows : Manufacturer • Serial number of the line • Internal diameter of the line (Inches) • Line application abbreviated as follows : C/K : Choke and Kill CEM : Cement PTL : Production Test Line ACD : Acidizing/Fracturing DST : Drill stem test This User’s Guide only applies to the applications shown above. . . . .Test Pressure TEMP : -20/+130°C . . Coflexip manufactures a wide range of other products not covered by this document.TP (Original Equipment Manufacturer Test Pressure) Date of the factory pressure test (month/year) If applicable. . .Manufacturer TR 95314. . . . . . . Length and date of the factory pressure test are revised values marked on the new end-fitting. . a stamp of a certifying authority when required (For lines repaired by end-fitting replacement. . . . . . . . . . Although optional before the second quarter of 1990. . .D. . . . . . . . In case of doubt. . . . . . . it will bear the same marking as above. . please contact the nearest Coflexip office. . . . . . . .

3. . It Is not designed to handle any other equipment which might be attached to the connectors.5 Handling collar A groove in the end-termination is fitted with a rotating handling collar with two symmetrical pad-eyes. This collar is NOT designed for lifting more than the weight of the flexible itself. This collar is designed to allow for safe handling of the flexible pipe.1.

Special collars can be designed for specific needs. Represented is an API Hub / Weco® adapter 9 . the End User should refer to Coflexip for advice on limitations in the use of the standard handling collars. producing a smoother transition from the end-fitting to the flexible pipe structure. For further details on Acidizing Applications see Section 9.2 Adapters/Cross-Overs Adapters/Cross-Overs can be supplied if the End User needs to connect his flexible pipe to different or non standard connectors. During the external inspection.4 1. typically lines longer than 25m (80'). It will allow the flexible pipe to better resist overbending: flexure damaging strength is increased by a factor of x3 when using this device.1 Bend stiffener Figure 2 The bend stiffener is an additional device mounted on the flexible pipe during its manufacturing (see figure 2 above).3 metres or one foot long depending on the I.4. and rating.4.D. it is intrinsically resistant to corrosion. It increases the local bending stiffness in the region of the end-fitting. check that the bend-stiffener is properly tightened on the endfitting and is free of damage and cracks. INSTRUCTION : For long lines (acidizing lines for example). ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT 1. These adapters are typically 0. The bend stiffener is optional on most flexible pipes. 1. Made out of polyurethane.

This layer limits the upper service temperature of the line and the chemical compatibility to the various fluids which may be transported through the line. This layer is not leak-proof. the Zeta layer is reinforced by a flat steel layer which is not interlocked. irreversible damage to the flexible line will occur leading to perforation of the inner liner when under pressure. 10 . depending upon the service application of the line.4 Intermediate thermoplastic sheath This sheath is a thin anti-friction layer which improves the dynamic behaviour of the line.4. Various plastic materials are used to manufacture the inner liner. additional fire protection covers may be installed over the end-fitting assemblies. 1. Typical drilling application flexible pipe 1. 1. From the inside out it is composed of the following : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Thermoplastic inner liner Aramid tape Zeta spiral Flat steel spiral Thermoplastic intermediate sheath Cross-wound tensile armours Thermoplastic external sheath Outer-wrap interlocked steel carcass Figure 3. It is the interlocking of the Zeta layer which will limit the bending radius of the line. The crushing resistance of a Coflexip line is similar to that of an API rigid pipe designed to withstand the same internal pressure. 1.5.5 FLEXIBLE PIPE STRUCTURE A typical Coflexip flexible pipe structure.3 Metallic reinforcement of the Zeta layer If necessary for extreme high pressure.1 Thermoplastic inner liner The thermoplastic inner liner makes the pipe leak-proof. due to the working environment. However.3 Fire cover As for the flexible pipe itself. 1.5. for high pressure applications is shown in Figure 3 below. for lines to include a greater degree of fire protection than standard. This liner can be reinforced by aramide tapes depending on the application.5. For such operating conditions. This construction is known as a "non-bonded" structure.5. it may occasionally be necessary.1.2 Interlocked "Zeta" layer This layer takes the hoop stress due to internal pressure and external crushing loads. If this limit is exceeded. accidental crushing might damage the outer stainless steel wrap and reduce the lifetime of the line.

(note that test lines are vented through this outer layer and may not therefore be used subsea).000 daN for 3" ID (50 to 100 tons or 100.g. 1. No significant twist will occur.15 to 0. • Tensile Forces Resistance to pulling forces ranges from about 50. 1. it may be a requirement for essential service flexibles such as choke and kill lines.5. This layer does not contribute directly to the mechanical resistance of the line. This layer is non-standard and would be the subject of a special order. significant damage to this layer may lead to subsequent damage to the thermoplastic outer sheath causing either: • Corrosion of the armour wires. to be operable under fire conditions for long periods.000 lbs). well in excess of 30 minutes.7 Fire resistant layer For certain installations. 1.292°F) and full working pressure.Para. It will not pulsate or whip during high flow rate circulation. wear.5.). Refer also to section 1. as on LMRP BOP (Lower Marine Riser Package Blowout Preventer) stacks. permanently installed well control lines on fixed production platforms.000 daN for 2" ID to more than 100.3 for end-fitting fire protection.1. and/or • Collapse of the inner tube for subsea lines. etc.5. It is also this layer which provides the flexible line with its resistance to torsion. WARNING : You must be aware that a Coflexip flexible can be stronger than some of the pipework to which it is connected and that it will rarely be the "weak point" of a system. 1.4.5. The inclusion of a fire resistant layer installed after production of the standard pipe gives a working time at 700°C (1. or external axial loads.8 Stainless steel outer-wrap The stainless steel outer-wrap (carcass) protects the thermoplastic outer sheath against mechanical damage caused by using the line in a harsh environment (impacts.25 % • Relative outer diameter change at design pressure < 0. a Coflexip flexible line is extremely resistant to : • Internal pressure Dimensional changes under pressure are very limited .25 % The line is extremely stable under pressure. typical values are : • Relative elongation at design pressure 0. It will both : • Protect the armour wires against corrosion and • Protect the line against hydrostatic external pressure if the line is used subsea. handling. e.2 .6 Thermoplastic outer sheath This layer is leak-proof. 1. In particular.000 to 200. 11 . However.6 MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINES By design. if bent it will not tend to straighten under pressure.5 Double cross-wound steel armour The double cross-wound steel armour wires will resist axial load caused by internal pressure.

12 .• Crushing The crushing resistance of Coflexip flexible pipes is similar to that of an API rigid pipe of the same design pressure • Bending The line is resistant to bending. causing a progressive decrease of the burst pressure.7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP FLEXIBLE LINES Coflexip flexible steel lines are extremely reliable due to : • The design of the product . However. Figure 4 The minimum bending radius is an extremely important characteristic of a flexible steel line.076 = 0. • The use of the highest quality raw materials . As a rule of thumb. The accurate value of the MBR is part of the technical specification of the flexible line. the minimum bending radius is abbreviated as MBR.1 x the storage MBR. 3 ft. and you must be aware that four main failure modes can occur : • Corrosion of the armour wires . including frequent or continuous flexure with the imperative condition that the minimum bending radius is not exceeded. Example : If ID = 3" then MBR = 12 X 0. misuse might damage the line. as defined on the relevant data sheet. i. • The use of the highest standards applicable . • The COFLEXIP quality assurance system. the MBR for installed use is 1. In COFLEXIP's documents. This will progressively reduce the thickness of the wires. 1. For specific DRAG CHAIN applications. This failure mode may cause the line to burst catastrophically. corrosion of the steel armour wires will occur.92 metre or 12 x 3 = 36".e.If the outer thermoplastic sheath is damaged. the minimum bending radius is roughly equal to : MBR = 12 x ID (ID : inner diameter of the line).

the outer sheath may not be leak-proof. Figure 5 shows how overbending may be caused. the inner tube is not properly supported and perforation will occur under pressure.The mechanical properties of the inner liner can be affected by ageing. 13 . the external hydrostatic pressure will be applied on to the inner liner which may collapse. Overbending generally occurs due to mishandling during installation. For subsea lines. The degradation of the material could make it brittle and the tube may break when bent with or without internal pressure. This failure mode may cause the line to burst. in which case.If damaged.If the minimum bending radius is exceeded. This failure mode may cause the line to burst. leading to a leakage. This phenomenon causes the degradation of the long thermoplastic molecules and may be due to : • Long exposure to high temperature.• Bending . • Exposure of the internal surfaces to incompatible chemicals. exceeding the maximum rated temperature . An optional bend stiffener is available on request to improve the pipe's resistance to such overbending. Particular attention must be paid at this time to the first metre or few feet of flexible pipe immediately behind each termination. whether or not the line is under internal pressure Figure 5 • Ageing of the inner liner . This can lead to the rupture of the liner and failure of the line. • Collapse of the inner liner . the Zeta layer may open . This failure mode can result in a burst or more often in a high pressure leak.

2. • Coiled to its MBR. • Installed in a DRAG CHAIN prior to hook-up and start of operations. GENERAL GUIDELINES 2. • Coflexip flexible lines are shipped with protection on the connectors. • Depending on length. . attached to a wooden pallet or crate .1 STORAGE • Storage in general does not require specific precautions regarding the environment or duration of storage. the best ways to store a line are either : • In a straight line (up to 6 metre or 20 ft long) .

INSTRUCTION : A similar protection should be reinstalled when the line is disconnected. the final decision on the best methods for local conditions and capacities rests with End Users or their appointed agents . • As a rule of thumb. is properly protected against impacts.6 to 0. especially the seal area. It may consist of a metallic blind flange that fits the connection . The line must never be bent below the minimum bend radius.FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES The use of wire ropes or chains may damage the anti-corrosion treatment of the endfitting. If so required. surrounding personnel . If force needs to be applied to the body of the flexible line itself. as mishandling can be dangerous to operators .which is preferable. This protection must ensure that : The inner bore of the line is closed to avoid accidental intrusion of any foreign material . a straight length of about 0. equipment and property. • Moving flexible line on the ground . Never use wire ropes or chains directly against the stainless steel outer-wrap.9metre (2 to 3 feet) should be used as a safety distance. the minimum bend radius is equal to : MBR = 12 x ID The accurate value of the MBR of the line is part of the technical characteristics of the Coflexip structure and will have been supplied to the original End User : it can be obtained from the nearest Coflexip office. INSTRUCTION : If stored below minimum rated temperature. etc. The connector. INSTRUCTION : The inner bore of a Coflexip line should be thoroughly flushed with fresh water prior to long term storage.7 . Any rigging should be suitably adapted to the specific flexible line in question . whether the line is under pressure or not. HANDLING INSTRUCTION : Only qualified and trained personnel should handle flexible lines such as those manufactured by Coflexip . or of a good wooden protection. The minimum bend radius (MBR) must be respected at all times. use a shackle connected through the eye of the handling collar. See section 1. User should avoid bending the flexible just behind the end-fitting. either of whom should have their own procedures for such handling operations. As a rule of thumb. as this may damage it. Whilst we make every effort to assist End Users whenever possible on the methods of handling to be deployed . use soft slings. ensure that no handling is done before the line is brought back to the minimum rated temperature.

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2 . 2.

14 .

CONNECTION The preferred installation for a Coflexip flexible line is with the pipe positioned in a J or U configuration. Always connect slings to both eyes in order to have the pulling force in a straight line through the main axis of the flexible pipe. • Prevent abrasion of the flexible line against the ground. 2. End User assumes all responsibility for essential Safety precautions to avoid injury or death in connection with these operations. soft slings must be used to prevent damage. special care must be taken when securing a non-vertical connection so that overbending behind the end-fitting is avoided. Connection of the flexible line to other pipework requires : • Supporting the weight of both the end-fitting and the line . due to the rig equipment. with the end-fittings pointing up in a vertical position. 6 If. Figure 6 . use wooden supports or planks.use the handling collar provided. • Correct alignment of the end-fitting. and to prevent the flexible line from falling off the forks (see Coflexip Handling Guide inside cover). • If a forklift has to be used to lift a flexible line. See fig.3 INSTALLATION .• Do not attach slings directly to the end-fitting . this configuration is not feasible.

It must be recognised that because of the heat diffusion that occurs during any welding process. See below: Never do the reverse.9 metre (3 feet) behind the end-fitting. will render the line unsafe and unusable. welding processes are only Figure 7 completed during the original manufacturing process of the line at a stage where the operation cannot affect the other components.4 WELDING A flexible steel line is a mixed construction of steels and thermoplastics. Such lines will must be withdrawn from service and stamped "NOT-REUSABLE". When used. i. 2. the thermoplastic layers may suffer irreversible damage leading to an unsafe line. Consequently. 15 . INSTRUCTION : The best way to achieve this is to support the weight of the line through the use of the handling collar. any field welding repair of a flexible line. • Do not align the line from the end-fitting itself. involving either the end-fitting (including the stainless steel ring groove) or the stainless steel outer carcass. then control the alignment with a non-metallic rope or sling attached about 0. : • Do not support the weight immediately behind the end-fitting .e.

.3 OPERATING CONDITIONS Although similar in appearance. Acid lines or Test lines differ significantly. the construction of Coflexip lines for different drilling applications such as Choke and Kill lines.

it is virtually impossible to guarantee the behaviour of our products in all circumstances. In case of doubt. The compatibility tables included in this Guide give an indication on the behaviour of the liners with most common chemicals. and the infinite number of possible combinations.3). FLUIDS TO BE TRANSPORTED Generally. 3. Due to the number of chemicals used. often in concentrated forms. all kinds of drilling muds and oil production fluids. or chemical additives may be transported through flexible lines depending upon the applications. INSTRUCTION : These lines must never be used for any purpose other than the original for which the line was supplied and which is stamped on the end-fitting identification collar (see section 1.1 . contact the nearest Coflexip office for information on guidelines to be respected.

In case of doubt. Tables I.) (-20°C to +65°C / -4 to +149°F). All components of the end-fittings in contact with the inner fluids are adequately protected against corrosion. (Former designs. contact the nearest COFLEXIP office.P . 3.E. See Table I.1. II and III give a limited list of the different chemicals relevant for drilling and service applications and their effects on the flexible line.e.1 Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines The inner lining of these lines is made of RILSAN®. 16 . It must be noted that Standard Temperature Rated lines (-20°C to + 100°C / -4°F to +212°F) are not designed to handle any acidified effluents and/or heavy metallic salts such as zinc or calcium bromides. They are different for : • Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to +100°C / -4 to +212°F) or • High temperature rated line (-20°C to +130C / -4 to 266°F) or • Acid line (H. which is a grade of polyamide II material. typically pre-1998 although some later examples may have been supplied). no longer in production i. In most cases it is the internal liner made of thermoplastics that will limit the chemical compatibility of the flexible line.D. INSTRUCTION : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.

Concentration or Exposure Time 15% 30% 3% 7.5% 100% 100% saturated saturated saturated 100% 100% 100% 50% < 20% < 20% Presence 0°F -18°C F F F F S S F L S S S S S S L* S* L : Limited use Hydrochloric acid HCl Hydrofluoric acid HF Xylene C6 H4 (CH3)2 Methanol CH30H Zinc bromide ZnBr2 Calcium Bromide CaBr2 Calcium chloride CaCl2 Methane CH4 Diesel Crude oil Sodium hydroxide NaOH Hydrogen sulphide H2S (pure gas) Hydrogen sulphide H2S (condensate) Water S : Satisfactory 75° F 24° C F F F F S S F L S S S S L S L* S* 150° F 66° C F F F F S L F L L S S S NR S L* S* 200° F 93° C F F F F S NR F L L S S S NR S L* L* 250° F 121° C F F F F NR NR F L L L L L NR L L* F NR : Not Recommended F : Forbidden * The PH value of the fluid may greatly influence the behaviour of Rilsan® inner lining.2 Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines The inner lining of these flexible lines is made of COFLON®. 3. Exposure resistance of COFLON® inner lining at given temperature ranges.1. Concentration or Exposure Time 15% 30% 3% 7.TABLE I Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines. See Table II. TABLE II Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines.5% 100% 100% saturated saturated saturated 100% 100% 100% 50% < 20% 0°F -18°C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 75° F 24° C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 150° F 66° C S S S S S S S S S S S S L S 200° F 93° C S S S S S S S S S S S S NR S 250° F 121° C S S S S S S S S S S S S NR S Hydrochloric acid HCl Hydrofluoric acid HF Xylene C6 H4 (CH3)2 Methanol CH30H Zinc bromide ZnBr2 Calcium Bromide CaBr2 Calcium chloride CaCl2 Methane CH4 Diesel Crude oil Sodium hydroxide NaOH Hydrogen sulphide H2S S : Satisfactory NR : Not Recommended L : Limited use F : Forbidden 17 . a fluorinated thermoplastic: Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) material. Exposure resistance of RILSAN® inner lining at given temperature ranges.

.5% 100% 100% saturated saturated saturated 100% 100% 100% 50% < 20% 0°F -18°C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 75° F 24° C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 150° F 66° C S S L L L S S S S L L L S S 200° F 93° C F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 250° F 121° C F F F F F F F F F F F F F F Hydrochloric acid HCl Hydrofluoric acid HF Xylene C6 H4 (CH3)2 Methanol CH30H Zinc bromide ZnBr2 Calcium Bromide CaBr2 Calcium chloride CaCl2 Methane CH4 Diesel Crude oil Sodium hydroxide NaOH Hydrogen sulphide H2S S : Satisfactory L : Limited use F : Forbidden 3. .130°C (+266°F) . in contact with the inner fluids.000 psi . . . . . . some other flexible pipe components may be in contact with low concentrations of sour gas. . In case of doubt. . .000 psi . . . . As well as those internal surfaces which come into direct contact with the inner flow.TEMPERATURE .1. . Coflexip pipes are classified either: • Permanent sour service. . . . . Esposure resistance of HDPE inner lining at given temperature ranges. The wires used at present have been tested according to TM 0284 and TM 0177 – 1996 Depending upon the application. . .130°C (+266°F) . . .4 Chemical compatibility of acid (HDPE) lines (former design) The inner lining of these flexibles is made of high or medium density polyethylene (HDPE) which is a polyolefinic material. meet NACE-MR-01-75 – edition 2001. exposure to relatively high concentrations of C02 can lead to damage of the COFLON® liner. . .C02 + H2S < 10 % 690 bar/10. . . . . . . . . . due to gas diffusion.3. . . . . . . . reinforcement wire and armour layers meet the NACE requirements in force at manufacturing date. . . 18 . . . . . . . . . For this reason. . . Concentration or Exposure Time 15% 30% 3% 7. . . . . .C02 + H2S < 30 % 690 bar/10. . . . or • Temporary sour service See sections 7 to 10 for the different applications of Coflexip pipes.FLUID CONDITIONS 1035 bar/15. . TABLE III Chemical compatibility of acid (HDPE) lines. . contact the nearest COFLEXIP office. The carbon steel wires used for the Zeta. . . . . .C02 + H2S < 50 % 3. the following limitations are to be respected : PRESSURE . . . .110°C (+230°F) .1. . . . (no longer used as an inner lining in standard production flexibles) See Table III following. .1. . . . . . .3 Exposure of high temperature rated lines to C02 Under certain conditions. . . .5 Sour service All components of the end-fittings and of the flexible pipe. . .000 psi . . . . . . .

Experience has shown that for those types of lines subjected to severe abrasive conditions (fracturing operations). Lines exposed to temperatures higher than +100°C / +212°F but no more than +130°C / +266°F for continuous or cumulative service of 1 month must be removed from service and stamped not reusable following this exposure. Lines exposed to temperature higher than +130°C / +266°F must be removed from service. Extreme flow rates and abrasive fluids can cause erosion in the end-fittings. Standard temperature rated Coflexip flexible lines are deemed not reusable for further service after sustaining a temperature above the temporary rating of +130°C / +266°F.2. DST. maximum temperature of the transported fluids for a maximum of one month. 3. Note : Under certain fluid conditions. Many lines.2 High temperature rated Line (-20°C to +130°C / -4°F to +266°F) • Continuous service High temperature rated flexible pipes are designed for -20°C to +130°C (-4°F to +266°F) continuous service. there may be limitations on pressure and/or temperature ratings.6 Flow rates The maximum continuous flowrate for all smooth bore i. 3.1.1. • Survival conditions All Coflexip flexible lines are designed to resist to +160°C (+320°F) maximum inner temperature of the contained fluid for a duration in excess of one hour. continuous or cumulative service. and replaced by a new line.1 Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to + 100°C / -4°F to + 212°F) • Continuous service Standard Coflexip Choke and Kill lines are designed for -20°C to +100° C / -4°F to +212°F continuous service.2 TEMPERATURE RATINGS 3. with no time limit (within the lifetime of the whole line). 19 . thermoplastic inner sheathed lines.e. • Survival conditions All Coflexip flexible lines (C/K. the end-fittings can be replaced twice before the flexible pipe itself should be considered not fit for further use. properly stamped not reusable. is 15 metres per second. High temperature rated Coflexip flexible lines are deemed not reusable for further service after sustaining a temperature above the continuous rating of +130°C (+266°F). This is entirely dependent on the abrasive properties of the flow medium.2.3). A copy of the qualification test report is available upon request from all COFLEXIP sales offices. A copy of the qualification test report is available upon request from all COFLEXIP sales offices. Para.3. (Refer to section 3. with no time limit (within the lifetime of the whole line). have been subjected to flow-rates well in excess of this figure for relatively short periods of time without any damage being sustained. • Higher temporary service temperature High temperature rated flexible pipes are not designed for a higher temperature than the maximum continuous temperature rating. particularly those for acidizing / fracturing applications. Lines exposed to temperatures higher than +130°C (+266°F) must be removed from service. and replaced by a new line. PTL) are designed to resist to +160°C / +320°F maximum inner temperature of the contained fluids for a duration in excess of one hour. therefore maximum short term flow-rates cannot be quantified for all flow conditions. • Higher temporary service temperature Standard Coflexip flexible pipes may be used up to +130°/+266°F. 3. properly stamped not reusable. It is common practice to change the end-fittings when these show severe scoring or pitting.

. . . . temporary or survival.2 OEM test pressure All new Coflexip flexible lines are pressure tested at the factory prior to supply. . .3 PRESSURE 3.000 psi 690 bar/10. . . 3. Test pressures are as follows : WP . As acidizing/fracturing lines are normally only used to pump into well formations.500 psi Test duration : all factory pressure tests last a minimum of 24 hours after stabilisation at ambient temperature. . .1550 bar/22.000 psi . . . . Coflexip COFLON® Acidizing lines have the same temperature limitations as the high temperature rated lines (see section 3. . It Is not the manufacturer's responsibility to define allowances for eventual surges that may occur through the lines. .1 Rated working pressure The working pressure stamped on the end-fitting must be understood as the maximum operating pressure to which the line may be permanently subjected.3.3. . . .OEM. . .000 psi . Note : the standard COFLEXIP FAT (Factory Acceptance Test) is well in excess of the minimum requirement of API 16C. .2). . . or limitations issued by Certifying Authorities or regulatory bodies.3. . . .2.000 psi 1035 bar/15.000 psi . . TP 345 bar/5.1035 bar/15. . . . without time limit (within the lifetime of the whole line). .2. 20 .3 Acidizing/fracturing lines (. . . . . These lines are not designed for flowing produced well fluids. . .690 bar/10. . it is unlikely that there will be the requirement to operate lines at temperatures higher than ambient and for this reason there are no other temperature ranges. 3. We insist that Users acquaint themselves with guidelines.20°C to + 65°C / . . .4°F to + 149°F) Coflexip HDPE acidizing/fracturing lines are designed for -–20°C to +65°C (-4°F to +149°F) continuous service. . . . . . . specifications.

fluid compatibility and allowable bending radius. and will not extend. incorrect installation and storage. . However. etc. nor shall the design life convey any expressed or implied warranties of “merchantability”. because of the many disparate factors affecting the service life of individual flexible lines. fitness for a particular purpose or any warranties except those expressly made in the "General Conditions of Sale". within their rated temperature range. including extreme weather conditions. nor should purchasers and Users of Coflexip flexible lines rely upon this design life in lieu of proper installation. care. The designation of a "design life" should not be relied upon as a prediction or warranty of the life of a particular flexible line. recommended inspections. mishandling and abuse. manipulations. improper care and maintenance. handling. This design life is based on lines operating for their intended service. maintenance.4. LIFETIME OF DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATION FLEXIBLE LINES Coflexip flexible lines utilised for drilling and service applications are designed for twenty (20) years life in dynamic service condition . modify or alter in any manner the expressed warranty or other conditions of sale given by Coflexip as expressly agreed in writing with the End User. use of incompatible fluids. repairs when necessary and other requirements and precautions recommended by Coflexip in the User's Guide. frequency of exposure to extremes of temperature and pressure. Coflexip MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED IN WRITING WITH END USER. it is not possible to predict accurately the service life of any individual flexible line. storage. The design life is not intended to.

should be returned to Coflexip for investigation and recommendation on its continued use. INSTRUCTION : Flexible lines removed from service upon expiration of the service life should be stamped "NOT REUSABLE" or preferably cut into pieces. and regulations or recommendations on the use of any particular application are likely to have changed : a combination of these factors may make it impossible to recommend any further use of a particular line . it is probable that a considerable number of design changes will have been made . Any line which reaches 20 years since its OEM pressure test . 21 . and which continues to function correctly . During this 20 year period .

(For unused lines. • Outer plastic sheath underneath the carcass. 22 . or "in field" observations. damage may be noticed and require repair. The following parts of a flexible line may be repaired at a convenient COFLEXIP facility. thus reducing the overall line length. the lines are pressure tested at OEM test pressure for 24 hours after completion. It should be noted that old fittings are not reusable and that. the repair may consist of mounting a new end-fitting(s) to a used line. Coflexip reserves the right of declining to carry out a repair on a line which is found in a condition rendering it unsafe for use. Except in exceptional circumstances. Whatever the nature of the repair. it is always worth checking line details on both end-fittings. • Stainless steel outer carcass .9). such as overbent lines. rear locking nut attachment of the external carcass . This would involve cutting off one complete end-fitting and installing a new one. REPAIR OF FLEXIBLE LINES As a result of periodic inspections. see section 6.5. depending upon the degree of the damage : • Serviceable parts of end-fitting. including handling collar. Coflexip will not proceed with any repair on lines which do not meet current industry standards or Coflexip's internal standards. For significant damage. because a variety of re-marking procedures have been employed since the first repairs were carried out. The new fitting would be marked with the repair project number and line test date plus the new overall length: the original fitting which remains with the line will be stamped "repaired".

Circumstances may make this impractical. and the relevant section (7 to 10) should be referred to for each type of line whilst reading this section to know the circumstances applicable to each inspection or test procedure. and therefore we rely heavily on external examination and regular pressure testing. to ensure that they remain fully functional. together with their experience of using these lines. to have this inspection and testing work carried out by the manufacturer.6. The very nature of a flexible pipe's construction and that of its end-fittings do not allow a detailed examination of all of the internal components. INSPECTION AND TESTING OF LINES 6. Coflexip will issue a certificate detailing the inspection and/or testing work performed on each line. The recommended periodicity of each inspection or test varies depending on the application. . Coflexip relies on the EndUser's QA/QC system. It will be noted that Coflexip recommends End-Users whenever possible.1 INTRODUCTION This section details the actual inspections and tests recommended by Coflexip to ensure the continued safe use of our drilling and service application flexible lines. and in such instances. Under such circumstances. It defines precisely what is meant by the terminology used by Coflexip for each type of inspection and/or test and therefore allows End-Users to know the extent or limitation of each procedure.

ROUTINE VISUAL INSPECTION 6. to check that it is free of cracks and that the corrosion resistant coating is undamaged. Connector : same as above.2 Internal inspection A visual inspection of the inner surface of the end-fitting is to be carried out after cleaning.2. • Check. • Check that the entire surface of the polymeric sheath is protected . if any. the line should be removed from service and a more detailed inspection performed by the manufacturer. 23 . inspection should show that they are free from any collapse of the internal lining. • Check that the carcass is properly attached at both end-fittings . if any damage is noticed on the stainless steel outer-wrap. this may be verified by either visual inspection or internal pigging or gauging. For Choke and Kill or Test Lines. and follow its progression. Stainless steel outer-wrap : the outer-wrap must always ensure its primary function which is to protect the polymeric sheath underneath from being torn or punctured. 3. with particular attention to the seal area.2. that it would not be detrimental to the underlying external polymeric sheath (deep notches or cuts for example). 6.2 INSTRUCTION : Although common practice for most Users of such flexibles. Termination : record any damage to the coating on the end-fitting. 2. it is strongly recommended that a record of all service work should be maintained for each line. In case of cracks or severe abrasion. 6.1 External inspection A visual inspection throughout the entire length of the line should include: 1.

If so. 7.para. The purpose of the pressure test is to ensure that no damage has occurred to the protective outer sheath.3 FULL INSPECTION A full inspection includes at least : • Entire external inspection . as an alternative to a 6 hours recorded test at 1. 6. Wherever possible.Para. and they must be performed in accordance with all applicable safety procedures. • Entire internal inspection • Full pressure test at OEM test pressure for a period of 24 hours.MAJOR SURVEY In accordance with the certifying authorities' specifications or Coflexip's recommendations. a one hour recorded test at 1. 24 . strictly due to the rig limitations detailed in section 7 . 7. the safety factor and recorded test period may be reduced accordingly i.5 times working pressure and recorded for a period of six (6) hours.e.4 MANUFACTURER'S INSPECTION .5 FIELD PRESSURE TESTING (OPTIONAL) Performed on Choke and Kill lines at least on an annual basis and only in those circumstances where the full inspection proves impractical to perform (see section 7 . thus reducing the safety factor from 1.1 (10 % ) and the equivalent period in between recorded tests from one year to one month. However. this full inspection should be carried out by a competent person who is qualified by the End-User's QA/QC system (See also Para.1 x maximum working pressure every month may be used.5 x maximum working pressure every year. it must be recognised that this may be impractical according to the drilling programme schedule or location.5.5. It should include : • A routine visual inspection as detailed in 6. COFLEXIP recommends that this inspection should be done by COFLEXIP at a convenient COFLEXIP facility. 6. 6.5. This inspection will include.2. of the guidance on Choke and Kill lines only.5). the line may be inspected by Coflexip at a suitable Coflexip facility. or excess loads applied to the line which could result in an insufficient pressure containing capability both at the time of the test and for the next year that the line is in service.5 to 1. or in the event of any doubt on a line's integrity. • Bending at the minimum bending radius .Para. • A field pressure test (section 7 .6. The decision to adopt one or other of these testing procedures as an alternative to the full inspection rests entirely with the End User and their own QA/QC system. In those circumstances where a full inspection is impractical due to the above limitations and where regular pressure testing is performed as part of the End User's QA/QC approved testing procedure. the recommendations on the annual full inspection should be adhered to.1. • Entire internal inspection .5) should be performed at 1.5. Note The above testing (6. 7. • Pressure test at OEM test pressure for a period of 24 hours.3).5) is an alternative to the full inspection. as a minimum : • Entire external inspection .

and access restricted throughout the duration of any test. including personnel involved in the completion of the test. • All personnel involved in the preparation and execution of the test must be trained and aware of the possible consequences of a test failure • Gas is not allowed as a test media . must stand near the line under pressure. The following precautions should always be respected when performing a pressure test. Permissible test media are drilling muds. all entrapped gas MUST be bled off during the pressurisation of the line.6. . • Test area must be cordoned off. • Nobody.6 FULL PRESSURE TEST A full pressure test is performed at the OEM test pressure (1. oil or water.5 times the maximum working pressure (MWP) of the line or 2 times MWP for 345 bar/5000 psi WP lines) for a minimum of 24 hours.

All inspections are to be recorded by the End User's QA/QC system. RECORDING OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS All routine inspections must be properly recorded as per the End-User’s QA/QC procedures. findings and test results. inspection. repairs carried out . detailing identification of the line. All full inspections must be properly documented including the details of findings. and that all precautions MUST be taken to avoid damage and/or injury (see section 1 Para. • Section 7 : • Section 8 : • Section 9 : • Section 10 : Choke and Kill lines Test lines Acidizing/fracturing lines Drag chain lines 25 . INSTRUCTION : These tests are carried out at the End User’s risk.7 6. Third party verification of such work/testing is normally provided as standard. an inspection report and findings. 1.8 PERIODICITY OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS Refer to the line application. 6. together with details of repair/refurbishment work performed and pressure test recordings will be supplied to the End User. It must be stressed that a catastrophic burst can be the result of these tests (although extremely unlikely on well maintained flexibles).7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES. and pressure test certificates. Where any or all of the tests and/or inspections are performed by Coflexip either on site or at a Coflexip facility.

After first use. for a variety of reasons. The term "unused" is taken to mean a line which remains in its original delivery condition and has never been installed or used for any purpose except for example.General guidelines: Storage). . (See section 2. it is assumed that an inspection and test record would be established in accordance with the recommendations made in this User's Guide. Nevertheless it is the End Users responsibility to check whether the line still meets the current Industry standards. In such instances. no inspection or testing is required during this storage period as long as normal protective precautions are observed.6.1 .9 UNUSED LINES It is sometimes the case that. a line may remain unused for a considerable period of time after delivery. assembled within a DRAG CHAIN system and not installed on the platform since OEM pressure test.

however the bending radius itself is a precise figure and for this reason a special calibrated BEND TEST RIG must be used. the actual section of the line which is tested is not critical. BEND TEST Bending a line to the minimum bending radius (MBR) is required to check for possible degradation of the mechanical properties of the flexible pipe inner lining. Due to the nature and purpose of this test. (see photo below). 6. 26 .10 INSTRUCTION : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office. The acceptance criteria is that the line passes the pressure test after bending has been performed (the pressure test is not carried out whilst the line is at the MBR).

For this reason Coflexip considers that cement lines require to be interchangeable with Choke and Kill lines.1) and to resist a continuous dynamic use. The majority of Coflexip flexible Choke and Kill lines are designed to meet the API 16C specification (See Chapter 1 para 1. A "dynamic" use is required to accommodate continuous relative motions of the connections on floating rigs while "static" use is required for dimensional variations on sequential hook-ups. and vice versa. oil or other formation fluid into the wellbore and resulting from insufficient pressure from the drilling fluid column to overcome the pressure exerted by the well formation. the latter being an entry of water. It should be noted that earlier cement lines were sometimes also used for acidizing/fracturing operations and as such would have had a different thermoplastic liner. and BOP stack lines used on the LMRP (Lower Marine Riser Package) to allow for movement of the Choke and Kill lines around the ball-joint or flex-joint. The Choke line connected to the choke manifold provides a means of applying back pressure on the formation while circulating out formation fluids influx into the wellbore following a "kick".7. The Kill line provides a means of pumping fluid into the well bore when normal circulation through the drill string cannot be employed. Failure to control a "kick" would result in a "blowout” or uncontrolled release of formation fluids or gases. CHOKE AND KILL LINES 7. On semi-submersible drilling rigs or drill-ships. Depending upon the type of rig where they are installed.1 DEFINITION Choke and Kill lines are an integral part of the blow-out prevention equipment required for drilling well control. All cement lines supplied for a specific working pressure may be used to the same pressure in Choke and Kill operations . there are two primary locations for Choke and Kill lines. in addition specific flexible lines are often used particularly in the derrick to pump cement into the well casing.1. 7. gas. "moonpool" lines used above surface to accommodate rig motion in all three planes. the flexible Choke and Kill lines are either "static" or "dynamic".1 CEMENT LINES Cementing operations are regularly carried out using flexible Choke and Kill lines. .

As the lines may be used in areas where sour service is required. 2001 edition.1). all Coflexip Choke and Kill lines are classified Sour Service. 7. . All steel components of the flexible lines directly exposed to the Internal fluid meet NACE MR-01-75. Para 3.2 INSTRUCTION : One should always check the temperature and pressure ratings before using cement lines in well control operations. all kinds of drilling muds and oil production fluids may be transported through Choke and Kill lines (See chapter 3. However. SOUR SERVICE Generally. the behaviour of a flexible line involving the use of steel and thermoplastics is complex and Users must be aware that Coflexip lines manufactured earlier are not necessarily designed for a permanent exposure to sour fluids.

27 . INSTRUCTION : The use of a Choke and Kill line as a Test line is unsafe and must be prohibited.

3 COMPLETION FLUIDS It may be a requirement for a variety of completion fluids to be pumped through the flexible lines.7. Please refer to the fluids compatibility charts in chapter 3. etc. . zinc bromide. These products may not be compatible with the thermoplastic liner of the Coflexip Choke and Kill lines. Many of these fluids contain acids.

6 Subsea (BOP stack) Choke and Kill lines : By virtue of their location.4 Manufacturer's inspection .1) An external visual inspection of the Choke and Kill lines should be performed : • At the end of a drilling campaign or.3 Full inspection (Section 6 . Refer also to section 7.Para 6. it is either inconvenient to return a line to Coflexip or impossible to perform a full inspection on board the rig. and dependent on the results of the survey.5. Coflexip recommends that this inspection is done by Coflexip at a convenient facility. eight (8) years after the initial OEM Pressure Test.6 for subsea lines. it can only be carried out on a maximum of two consecutive annual occasions i. their length tolerances are more critical than those of moonpool lines (typically 17 – 27 metres (55-90 feet) overall length).5 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 7.5) It is recognised by Coflexip that due to a rig's location.5. 28 . Coflexip will at that time make recommendations to periodicity of further major inspections. • At the first opportune moment.Para.4) Coflexip recommends that a first major survey be performed five (5) years after the date of initial OEM Pressure Test. 6. Under these circumstances. 6.5.5).major survey (Section 6 .1 After installation pressure test After installation. BOP stack lines differ from moonpool lines in the following ways: They are much shorter (typically 3.5.Para. 7.5.5 Field pressure testing (optional) (Section 6 .5. 7. This inspection to be recorded by the End User's QA/QC system.3) A full inspection must be performed on a yearly basis.Para.5. i. lack of pressure testing and/or inspection facilities. 7. after a kick has occurred but no more than one (1) month after. a maximum of three (3) years between full inspection.4 INSTRUCTION : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.5 – 6 metres (12-20 feet) overall length) and are not subjected to the same degree of dynamic motion as moonpool lines. VENTING Coflexip Choke and Kill lines are not vented.2 Routine visual inspection (Section 6 .2. 7. see field pressure testing below . 6. Following this second major survey.Para 6. • At a one (1) month interval or.5.e. 7. a FIELD PRESSURE TEST (section 6 .7.5) may be performed as a minimum test requirement and as an alternative to the recommended full inspection. A second major survey should be performed three (3) years later. when and where practicable (For alternative testing where the full pressure test proves impractical. 7. the Choke and Kill lines (both surface and subsea) should be tested according to the relevant API recommendations such as API RP53 7.e. Being custom-built to fit each stack and relatively short.

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means that they are a lot less prone to failure as a result of mechanical damage. In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office. assuming the configuration design is strictly adhered to. their QA/QC system and their certifying authorities. testing and/or overhaul. Coflexip would. as a result of these factors. INSTRUCTION : BOP stack lines cannot be re-used on another stack without a detailed study confirming their compatibility with the new installation. Installation subsea means that these lines are difficult if not impossible to visually inspect. would be more flexible in carrying out regular inspection and testing work. recovery to the surface in order to carry out inspection work and testing is both time consuming and expensive. expect that End Users. 29 . a combination of less dynamic movement plus a reduced risk of damage by mishandling or misuse. Experience has shown that. but that it would be more likely to be performed on an opportunity basis when other such work necessitates recovery of the BOP stack for disassembly. This does not remove the requirement to perform such work. Furthermore.

The flexible line designed for such an application is the "DST" flexible line.1 "DST" AND "PTL" LINES DEFINITION The conventional method of performing a test on a formation before installing the final completion equipment is the DRILL STEM TEST which may be carried out through flexible steel lines.2 SOUR SERVICE All steel components of DST and PTL Coflexip flexible lines. but they may last longer.8. TEST LINE APPLICATIONS 8. DST LINES: are designed for temporary and not permanent exposure to sour service. . 8. Production tests done on a well any time after the completion are very similar. two connection only section of piping which is both safe and easy to install. The Coflexip flexible line designed for that application is the "PTL" line. thus providing a single length. terminations and connectors directly exposed to the internal fluids meet NACE MR-01 -75. Usually a Drill Stem Test is a short test which lasts less than 72 hours.

Venting : Coflexip Test Lines include an independent and automatic method to de-pressurise the flexible pipe body in the event of pressure build up caused by permeated gas . PTL lines can be used for Drill Stem Test applications whilst DST cannot be used for long test applications in excess of 72 hours. INSTRUCTION : Each individual Drill Stem Test should not exceed 72 hours. . 8. this process is called venting. PTL LINES : Permanent sour service PTL lines are designed for a permanent exposure to sour service. For this reason.3 VENTING Both DST and PTL flexible lines are vented.

4.1 After installation pressure test After installation in the test system hook-up.4 8.Para 6.4 Manufacturer's inspection . preferably in the range of 3 to 6 years after the OEM pressure test. the flexible test line should be tested in accordance with API recommendations on blow-out prevention system operation tests (API recommendations RP53). This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risk of failure.4.3 Full inspection (Section 6 . COFLEXIP recommends that this inspection is done by COFLEXIP at a convenient COFLEXIP facility.Para 6. 8.7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 8.2) The external visual inspection of the DST and PTL flexible line should be performed after completion of each test programme or at a one (1) month maximum interval.4) COFLEXIP recommends that at least one major survey is done by COFLEXIP at a convenient COFLEXIP facility during the first 10 years. (See Chapter 1 Para.3) A full inspection.2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 .Major survey (Section 6 . when and where practicable. 8.Para 6.4. 8.4. 30 . including the internal inspection and an OEM pressure test must be performed on a yearly basis. 1. INSTRUCTION : Under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed.

1 Handling . These operations start during the drilling phase of the well with operations such as cementing. water and sand control. the services cover killing and abandonment operations. This can involve pumping fluids. Well service operations therefore involve using piping to pump into a well as opposed to extracting from it. During the production phase. At the end of a well's economic or practical life.1 DEFINITION Oil and gas wells require regular maintenance and servicing throughout the life of the well. as well as fluid support for workover operations. they include acid and proppant stimulation. ACIDIZING AND FRACTURING LINE APPLICATIONS 9.9. foam or gas containing treatment materials into the well.1. 9.

2 Well service operations These operations. produced well fluids and heavy metallic salts such as calcium or zinc bromide. (See Chapter 3 Para.para. When connecting acidizing lines from independent vessels to platforms. 9. The deployment of the flexible lines should be carried out following the End User’s operating procedures in which all safety aspects should be covered. RILSAN® or COFLON® depending on service type. the lines should be connected to the platform pipe work through an external connection point capable of bearing the loads applied by the flexible pipe.e.4 Static operations These normally involve small or negligible amounts of relative movement during hook-up.3 Dynamic operations Such operations involve the use of the flexible lines to compensate for relative motion between the two connection points. Relying on the freewheeling of the winch can at best cause some loss of time in circumstances where time is critical. A guide system should be fitted as part of the winch installation which ensures that the flexible pipes approach angle with the winch drum is kept within reasonable limits . 3. HDPE.1. When the flexible pipe is deployed from a winch. 3.1) Temperature ranges for these operations are given in section 3 . Flexible lines may be any of the three liner types i. INSTRUCTION : The handling of the Coflexip flexible lines should be carried out by qualified and trained personnel using adapted lifting/handling equipment.2. its breaking load being several hundred tons. the lines being used to accommodate dimensional variations in between fixed points in hard piping or for equipment connection. An example is the servicing of wells from a floating service vessel to a fixed production platform: such an application can be highly dynamic and applies a tremendous strain on the pipe's mechanical properties. thus ensuring correct operation of the emergency disconnect system when required. 9. normally involve pumping treatment materials for short periods of time. 31 . usually less than 24 hours. capable of handling acids. 9. It must be noted that the flexible pipe must never be considered as the weak point of a system.1.1. Acidizing /fracturing lines are either HDPE or COFLON®. the whole length of pipe MUST be paid out so that the QCDC (Quick Connect Dis-Connect) or QDC (Quick Dis-Connect) assembly is allowed to operate in a fast and reliable manner. the latter being a "dual-purpose" designation.

COFLON® flexible lines when sold as acid lines only are not vented.Test line applications).2 SOUR SERVICE All steel components of acidizing/fracturing and well service Coflexip flexible line terminations and connectors directly exposed to the internal fluids. For this reason. meet the requirements of NACE MR-01 -75.3 VENTING Acidizing/fracturing flexible lines are not vented.9.e. Other lines with COFLON® or RILSAN® liners can be used for temporary or permanent sour service (see section 8 . venting is included . alternatively contact nearest Coflexip office with line serial number for further details. 9. . DST or PTL applications in addition to acidizing/fracturing.e.refer to OEM pressure test certificate or line data book for precise application. but when required for "dual-purpose" i. acidizing/fracturing are unsuitable for any service where produced well fluids or gases are present. Lines designated "ACD" i. the steels used for the fabrication of these lines do not necessarily meet the requirements of NACE MR-01 -75.

This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risk of failure. INSTRUCTION : Under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed. (See Chapter 1 Para.4.7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES). 1.1 Flushing of the lines . PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 9.4 9.

4.3) A full inspection must be performed on a yearly basis. 6.para.4.4. INSTRUCTION : After completion of any of the above operations.3 After installation pressure test All acidizing/fracturing lines whether short or long length. should be pressure tested after installation and prior to operating under pressure.Major survey (section 6 . the lines should be thoroughly flushed with water 9. 9.2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 .5 Manufacturer's inspection .4 Full inspection (section 6 . 9. preferably in the range of 3 to 6 years after the OEM original pressure test. 6. • Long lengths (dynamic operations : vessel or winch-mounted acid lines). 32 .4.Para. During deployment from winch to rig connection and during re-spooling on to winch. when and where this is practicable. 9.4) COFLEXIP recommends that at least one major survey is done by COFLEXIP at a convenient COFLEXIP facility during the first 10 years. COFLEXIP recommends that this inspection is done by COFLEXIP at a convenient COFLEXIP facility. at 110 % of the maximum expected working pressure.Para. 6.2) The External Visual Inspection of the acidizing/fracturing line should be performed : • Short lengths (static operations) : prior to each hook-up and at one (1) month intervals after hook-up.

2. test and well completion fluid or other services. DRAG CHAIN OPERATIONS 10. 10. once fitted into the drag chains are installed as a package on to the platform and hooked up to the rigid piping at each end via the adapters. The flexibles. 10. COFLEXIP recommends that all Coflexip lines are pressure tested at 110 % of the maximum expected working pressure.2) The external visual inspection of the drag chain lines should be performed : • At platform installation upon completion of hook-up.3 Yearly test On a yearly basis. and as such are governed by sections 1 to 6 inclusive of this User's Guide. 6. 33 . Alternatively.2.2. mud. The drag chain itself also provides a supplementary mechanical protection outside the stainless steel outer wrap.1 DEFINITION Drag chain applications are specific to any flexibles which are installed within a drag chain system. • At subsequent 6 monthly periods. it is recommended that these lines are tested at a minimum of 110 % of the maximum expected working pressure. but no more than 1 month after. 10. thus the risk of external mechanical damage is significantly reduced.1 After platform installation and hook up The high pressure flexibles. protected environment and therefore the inspection and test requirements are different to other installations. This inspection to be recorded by the End Users QA/QC system. are in a controlled.2 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 10. it is the low diametric and longitudinal expansion factors which make flexible steel pipes particularly suitable for these locations. All lines should then be tested in accordance with the relevant API recommendations such as API RP 53. or after each skidding operation whichever comes first. each flexible length is specifically engineered to fit between the 2 rigid connection points. Furthermore. in order to verify the integrity of the lines. • After any intervention or maintenance on the drag chain itself. kill.10. once installed in the drag chain and hooked-up at each end. • For Choke and Kill lines. cement.2 Routine visual inspection (section 6 Para. These can be lines used for choke. from date of initial platform hook-up. at the first opportune moment after a kick has occurred.

soft slings must be used to prevent damage.5 : For long lines (acidizing lines for example). End User assumes all responsibility for essential Safety precautions to avoid injury or death in connection with these operations. If force needs to be applied to the body of the flexible line itself.1 : A similar protection should be reinstalled when the line is disconnected.2 : Only qualified and trained personnel should handle flexible lines such as those manufactured by Coflexip . use a shackle connected through the eye of the handling collar. use soft slings. If so required. 34 .11. whether the line is under pressure or not. Special collars can be designed for specific needs. the final decision on the best methods for local conditions and capacities rests with End Users or their appointed agents . The minimum bend radius (MBR) must be respected at all times. This protection must ensure that : The inner bore of the line is closed to avoid accidental intrusion of any foreign material . either of whom should have their own procedures for such handling operations. If a forklift has to be used to lift a flexible line. Always connect slings to both eyes in order to have the pulling force in a straight line through the main axis of the flexible pipe. typically lines longer than 25m (80').3). as this may damage it. Page 14 PARA 2.3 : The best way to achieve this is to support the weight of the line through the use of the handling collar.use the handling collar provided. • Moving flexible line on the ground • Do not attach slings directly to the end-fitting . Whilst we make every effort to assist End Users whenever possible on the methods of handling to be deployed . Page 14 PARA 2.1 : The inner bore of a Coflexip line should be thoroughly flushed with fresh water prior to long term storage. Never use wire ropes or chains directly against the stainless steel outer-wrap. equipment and property.FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES The use of wire ropes or chains may damage the anti-corrosion treatment of the end-fitting.SUMMARY OF INSTRUCTIONS Page 9 PARA 1.1 : If stored below minimum rated temperature. etc. and to prevent the flexible line from falling off the forks (see Coflexip Handling Guide inside cover). Page 15 PARA 2. a straight length of about 0. The connector.3.9metre (2 to 3 feet) should be used as a safety distance. Page 11 PARA 1. The line must never be bent below the minimum bend radius. or of a good wooden protection. as mishandling can be dangerous to operators . It may consist in a metallic blind flange that fits the connection . is properly protected against impacts. For further details on Acidizing Applications see Section 9. User should avoid bending the flexible just behind the end-fitting. Page 14 PARA 2. use wooden supports or planks. Page 14 PARA 2. Any rigging should be suitably adapted to the specific flexible line in question . the End User should refer to Coflexip for advice on limitations in the use of the standard handling collars. especially the seal area. See section 1. contact the nearest COFLEXIP office for information on guidelines to be respected.6 to 0. As a rule of thumb. surrounding personnel . • As a rule of thumb.6 : WARNING : You must be aware that a Coflexip flexible can be stronger than some of the pipework to which it is connected and that it will rarely be the "weak point" of a system.7 . the minimum bend radius is equal to : MBR = 12 x ID The accurate value of the MBR of the line is part of the technical characteristics of the Coflexip structure and will have been supplied to the original End User : it can be obtained from the nearest Coflexip office. ensure that no handling is done before the line is brought back to the minimum rated temperature.9 metre (3 feet) behind the end-fitting : Page 16 PARA 3 : These lines must never be used for any purpose other than the original for which the line was supplied and which is stamped on the end-fitting fitting identification collar (see section 1. then control the alignment with a non-metallic rope or sling attached about 0. • Prevent abrasion of the flexible line against the ground. In case of doubt.which is preferable.

1.1 : The handling of the Coflexip flexible lines should be carried out by qualified and trained personnel using adapted lifting/handling equipment.7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES. Page 27 PARA 7. This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risks of failure. A guide system should be fitted as part of the winch installation which ensures that the flexible pipes approach angle with the winch drum is kept within reasonable limits . 1. When the flexible pipe is deployed from a winch.3 : Under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed. Page 27 PARA 7.3 : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.2 : The use of a Choke and Kill line as a Test line is unsafe and must be prohibited Page 28 PARA 7. It must be stressed that a catastrophic burst can be the result of these tests (although extremely unlikely on well maintained flexibles).1 : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.6 : These tests are carried out at the End User’s risk. The deployment of the flexible lines should be carried out following the End User’s operating procedures in which all safety aspects should be covered.1 : After completion of any fracturing and/or acidizing operations . REMINDER : COFLEXIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED IN WRITING WITH END USER.9 : In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.1.4. Page 16 PARA 3. In case of doubt please contact the nearest Coflexip office.1 : One should always check the temperature and pressure ratings before using cement lines in well control operations.2 : Each individual Drill Stem Test should not exceed 72 hours.3 : Under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed. It must be noted that the flexible pipe must never be considered as the weak point of a system.7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES). 1. the whole length of pipe MUST be paid out so that the QCDC (Quick Connect Dis-Connect) or QDC (Quick Dis-Connect) assembly is allowed to operate in a fast and reliable manner.5. Page 26 PARA 6. Page 25 PARA 6. When connecting acidizing lines from independent vessels to platforms. Page 32 PARA 9. (See Chapter 1 Para.1 : Although common practice for most Users of such flexibles. the lines should be connected to the platform pipe work through an external connection point capable of bearing the loads applied by the flexible pipe. its breaking load being several hundred tons. Relying on the freewheeling of the winch can at best cause some loss of time in circumstances where time is critical. Page 21 PARA 4 : Flexible lines removed from service upon expiration of the service life should be stamped "NOT REUSABLE" or preferably cut into pieces.6 : BOP stack lines cannot be re-used on another stack without a detailed study confirming the lines are compatible with the new installation. Page 30 PARA 8. the lines should be thoroughly flushed with water. v Page 31 PARA 9.7 FAILURE MODES OF Coflexip FLEXIBLE LINES). 35 . Page 30 PARA 8. (See Chapter 1 Para. it is strongly recommended that a record of all service work should be maintained for each line. This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risks of failure. Page 29 PARA 7. Page 23 PARA 6. Page 32 PARA 9.1. thus ensuring correct operation of the emergency disconnect system when required. and that all precautions MUST be taken to avoid damage and/or injury (see section 1 Para.

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Tel : + 33 2 35 05 50 00 – Fax : + 33 2 35 05 50 17 Worldwide internet adresses : http://www. Tel : + 44 1224 744044 – Fax : + 44 1224 407671 North and South America : Coflexip Stena Offshore Inc Drilling. Houston. Refining and Onshore Division Stena House. Drilling.02 35 05 90 40 . United States. sodimpal . Jetty Drive.Rev. Tel : + 33 2 35 05 50 00 – Fax : + 33 2 35 05 50 17 UK Sector : Coflexip Stena Offshore Ltd Drilling. U. Aberdeenshire AB32 6TQ.Fax : + 33 01 47 78 33 40 Division Headquarters : 22 Rue Jean Huré. TX 77015. Tel : + 656 546 9100 – Fax : + 656 546 9122 . BP 7. 508988. 92973 Paris La Défense Cedex – France. Loyang Crescent.K. Westhill.asp?rub=5 Europe.07/2002 Asia Pacific : Coflexip Singapore Pty Ltd : Loyang Offshore Supply Base. Singapore. Westhill Industrial Estate. 76580 Le Trait – France. Refining and Onshore Division 16661 Jacintoport Blvd. Refining and Onshore Division Tour Technip-Coflexip 170. Middle East and South Asia : Coflexip S.com http://www. Africa. Refining and Onshore Division 22 Rue Jean Huré.A. Box 5161. 04 .technip-coflexip. Tel : + 33 01 47 78 21 21 .com/draps. Tel : + 1 281 457 9300 – Fax : + 1 281 452 6100 imp.Main Sales Offices of the Drilling. Place Henri Régnault La Défense 6.coflexip.. 76580 Le Trait – France.